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L XL XXL

Y N Date of Birth:

y y y y mm d d

A

Gender:

Y N

E-mail Address:

INSTRUCTIONS:

EXAM:

DIAGRAMS

A3 A4 A B3 B4 B C3 C4 C ABC

COMC 2012: Final Version 1

Part A

A2 Let x be the average of the following six numbers: {12, 412, 812, 1212, 1612, 2012}. Determine

the value of x.

A3 Let ABCDEF be a hexagon all of whose sides are equal in length and all of whose angles

are equal. The area of hexagon ABCDEF is exactly r times the area of triangle ACD.

Determine the value of r.

A B

F C

E D

A4 Twelve different lines are drawn on the coordinate plane so that each line is parallel to exactly

COMC 2012: Final Version 1

two other lines. Furthermore, no three lines intersect at a point. Determine the total number

COMC

of intersection points among the twelve2012 lines.: Final Version

.... ... . . .

.... .. . . . . .

Part A

... ...

. . . . . . . . . .. . .

. . .

A1 Determine the positive integer n such . . . 4 n . .

. ......that

.. 8 = 4 .

.. . ... ...

. .. . . .. .

..

A2 Let x be the average of the following six numbers:. . {12, 412, 812, 1212, 1612, 2012}. Determine

the value of x.

A3 Let ABCDEF be a hexagon all of whose sides are equal in length and all of whose angles

are equal. The area of hexagon ABCDEF is exactly r times the area of triangle ACD.

Determine the value of r.

A B

F C

E D

A4 Twelve different lines are drawn on the coordinate plane so that each line is parallel to exactly

two other lines. Furthermore, no three lines 1 intersect at a point. Determine the total number

of intersection points among the twelve lines.

.... ... . . .

.... .. . . . . .

... ...

. . . . . . .. . .

... ... ... .

. . . .

. ... ..

.. . ... ...

. .. .. . .. .

. ..

COMC 2012 : Final Version

Part A

A2 Let x be the average of the following six numbers: {12, 412, 812, 1212, 1612, 2012}. Determine

the value of x.

A3 Let ABCDEF be a hexagon all of whose sides are equal in length and all of whose angles

are equal. The area of hexagon ABCDEF is exactly r times the area of triangle ACD.

Determine

COMC the value

2012: Final of r.

Version 1

A B

COMC 2012 : Final Version

Part A F C

E D

A4A2Twelve

Let x different lines are

be the average drawn

of the on the six

following coordinate

numbers:plane {12,so that

412, each

812, line1612,

1212, is parallel

2012}.toDetermine

exactly

two

theother

valuelines.

of x.Furthermore, no three lines intersect at a point. Determine the total number

of intersection points among the twelve lines.

.. . .

......... . .. . .. .

A3 Let ABCDEF be a hexagon all of whose .sides are equal in length and all of whose angles

are equal. The area of hexagon ... ...

ABCDEF is exactly r. . times the area of triangle ACD.

.. .. .

Determine the value of .r.. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .

. .. . . .

. . . A... B

...

. .. .. . .. .

. ..

F C

E D

A4 Twelve different lines are drawn on the coordinate plane so that each line is parallel to exactly

two other lines. Furthermore, no three lines intersect at a point. Determine the total number

of intersection points among the twelve lines.

.... ... . . .

.... .. . . . . .

... ...

. . . . . . .. . .

... ... ... .

. . . .

. ... ..

.. . ... ...

. .. . . .. .

.. ..

1

COMC 2012: Final Version 2

Part B

B1 Alice and Bob run in the clockwise direction around a circular track, each running at a

constant speed. Alice can complete a lap in t seconds, and Bob can complete a lap in 60

seconds. They start at diametrically-opposite points.

Alice Bob

When they meet for the first time, Alice has completed exactly 30 laps. Determine all possible

values of t.

B2 For each positive integer n, define ϕ(n) to be the number of positive divisors of n. For exam-

ple, ϕ(10) = 4, since 10 has 4 positive divisors, namely {1, 2, 5, 10}.

Suppose n is a positive integer such that ϕ(2n) = 6. Determine the minimum possible value

of ϕ(6n).

B3 Given the following 4 by 4 square grid of points, determine the number of ways we can label

ten different points A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J such that the lengths of the nine segments

2

Alice Bob

When they meet for the first time, Alice has completed exactly 30 laps. Determine all possible

values of t.

B2 For each positive integer n, define ϕ(n) to be the number of positive divisors of n. For exam-

ple, ϕ(10) = 4, since 10 has 4 positive divisors, namely {1, 2, 5, 10}.

Suppose n is a positive integer such that ϕ(2n) = 6. Determine the minimum possible value

of ϕ(6n).

B3 Given the following 4 by 4 square grid of points, determine the number of ways we can label

ten different points A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J such that the lengths of the nine segments

2

When they meet for the first time, Alice has completed exactly 30 laps. Determine all possible

values of t.

B2 For each positive integer n, define ϕ(n) to be the number of positive divisors of n. For exam-

ple, ϕ(10) = 4, since 10 has 4 positive divisors, namely {1, 2, 5, 10}.

Suppose n is a positive integer such that ϕ(2n) = 6. Determine the minimum possible value

of ϕ(6n).

B3 Given the following 4 by 4 square grid of points, determine the number of ways we can label

ten different points A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J such that the lengths of the nine segments

2

COMC 2012: Final Version 3

B4 In the following diagram, two lines that meet at a point A are tangent to a circle at points

B and C. The line parallel to AC passing through B meets the circle again at D. Join the

segments CD and AD. Suppose AB = 49 and CD = 28. The length of AD is a positive

integer n. Determine n.

B D

A C

3

COMC 2012: Final Version 4

Part C

(b) (4 marks) Determine all values of x such that f (g(x)) = g(f (x)).

(c) (4 marks) Let h(x) = 3x − r. Determine all values of r such that f (h(2)) = h(f (2)).

C2 We fill a 3 × 3 grid with 0s and 1s. We score one point for each row, column, and diagonal

whose sum is odd.

1 1 0 1 1 1

1 0 1 1 0 1

0 1 1 0 1 1

For example, the grid on the left has 0 points and the grid on the right has 3 points.

(a) (2 marks) Fill in the following grid so that the grid has exactly 1 point. No additional

work is required. Many answers are possible. You only need to provide one.

(c) (4 marks) Let E be the number of grids with an even number of points, and O be the

number of grids with an odd number of points. Prove that E = O.

4

COMC 2012: Final Version 4

Part C

(b) (4 marks) Determine all values of x such that f (g(x)) = g(f (x)).

(c) (4 marks) Let h(x) = 3x − r. Determine all values of r such that f (h(2)) = h(f (2)).

C2 We fill a 3 × 3 grid with 0s and 1s. We score one point for each row, column, and diagonal

whose sum is odd.

1 1 0 1 1 1

1 0 1 1 0 1

0 1 1 0 1 1

For example, the grid on the left has 0 points and the grid on the right has 3 points.

(a) (2 marks) Fill in the following grid so that the grid has exactly 1 point. No additional

work is required. Many answers are possible. You only need to provide one.

(c) (4 marks) Let E be the number of grids with an even number of points, and O be the

number of grids with an odd number of points. Prove that E = O.

4

COMC 2012: Final Version 5

C3 Let ABCD be a parallelogram. We draw in the diagonal AC. A circle is drawn inside ∆ABC

tangent to all three sides and touches side AC at a point P .

A B

D C

(a) (2 marks) Prove that DA + AP = DC + CP .

(b) (4 marks) Draw in the line DP . A circle of radius r1 is drawn inside ∆DAP tangent to

all three sides. A circle of radius r2 is drawn inside ∆DCP tangent to all three sides.

Prove that

r1 AP

= .

r2 PC

(c) (4 marks) Suppose DA + DC = 3AC and DA = DP . Let r1 , r2 be the two radii defined

in (b). Determine the ratio r1 /r2 .

C4 For any positive integer n, an n-tuple of positive integers (x1 , x2 , · · · , xn ) is said to be super-

squared if it satisfies both of the following properties:

(2) The sum x21 + x22 + · · · + x2k is a perfect square for each 1 ≤ k ≤ n.

For example, (12, 9, 8) is super-squared, since 12 > 9 > 8, and each of 122 , 122 + 92 , and

122 + 92 + 82 are perfect squares.

(b) (2 marks) Determine a super-squared 4-tuple (x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 ) with x1 < 200.

(c) (6 marks) Determine whether there exists a super-squared 2012-tuple.

5

D C

(a) (2 marks) Prove that DA + AP = DC + CP .

(b) (4 marks) Draw in the line DP . A circle of radius r1 is drawn inside ∆DAP tangent to

all three sides. A circle of radius r2 is drawn inside ∆DCP tangent to all three sides.

Prove that

r1 AP

= .

r2 PC

(c) (4 marks) Suppose DA + DC = 3AC and DA = DP . Let r1 , r2 be the two radiuses

defined in (b). Determine the ratio r1 /r2 .

C4 For any positive integer n, an n-tuple of positive integers (x1 , x2 , · · · , xn ) is said to be super-

squared if it satisfies both of the following properties:

(2) The sum x21 + x22 + · · · + x2k is a perfect square for each 1 ≤ k ≤ n.

For example, (12, 9, 8) is super-squared, since 12 > 9 > 8, and each of 122 , 122 + 92 , and

122 + 92 + 82 are perfect squares.

(b) (2 marks) Determine a super-squared 4-tuple (x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 ) with x1 < 200.

(c) (6 marks) Determine whether there exists a super-squared 2012-tuple.

5

Canadian Mathematical Society

Société mathématique du Canada

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