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# Project :

## DESIGN CALCULATION OF EARTH MAT IN POWER HOUSE Rev. A

Isc tC ts h K p ps d A mm 2 D Lx By NE
kA sec sec mts o-m o-m DATA mts mm2 mts mts mts
4 1 0.5 0.60 80 600 3000 0.026 520 3 81.0 15.8 22

## Length of Power House = 43 Mtr.

Breadth of Power House = 13.0 Mtr.

## Length of Transformer Yard = 24 Mtr.

Breadth of Transformer Yard = 13.0 Mtr.

## Elevation Difference in 'X' axis (Aprox.) = 14 Mtr.

Elevation Difference in 'Y' axis (Aprox.) = 2.8 Mtr.

## Length of subsoil ground grid = 81.0 Mtr.

(Effective Length of P.H & TRF. Yard)
Breadth of subsoil ground grid = 15.8 Mtr.

## Area of Power House Lx X By A = 1280 mm2

Tcap ρr αr Tm Ko Ta
J/cm3 µΩ/cm Factor at20.c Temp.in 0C Temp.in 0C
3.85 8.62 0.00378 1084 245 45
0.000385 m Refer Table no. 1 of IEEE 80-2000

I SC
AS per IEEE-80-2000
Amm2 =
 TCAP.   K 0 + Tm 
 .Ln 
α ρ
 c r r   K 0 + Ta
t 
Amm2 = 29.82

## MS Flat size = 65.00 x 8.00 mm

Size of the conductor choosen Amm2 520

## Equivalent Diameter of conductor (d) A mm 2 4

equivalent dia.of flat d =
Π

## d = 25.7 mm AS per IEEE-80-2000

0.0257 mtr

1 − ρ / ρs
Cs = 1 − 0.09 hs = 0.15
2hs + 0.09
Cs = 0.82
0.157
E step70 = (1000 + 6c s * ρ s )
ts

## Earthmat Calculation Prepared by SKK Page 1

Estep (70) tolerable = 3480.8

0.157
Etouch70 = (1000 + 1.5 * C s * ρ s )
ts

## nc = 1 for rectangular grid

nd = 1 for rectangular grid
n = 11.42

## (for grids with ground rods as per IEEE) Kii = 1

h
K h = 1+ = 1.26 h0 = 1 AS per IEEE-80-2000
h0

## Spacing factor for mesh voltage (Km)

1   D2 (D + 2h) 2 − h  + Kii LN 8 
KM = LN +   π (2n − 1) 
2π   16hd 8Dd 4d  K h  

Km = 0.38

## No. of Vertical rods = 22 Nos.

Length of each rod Lr = 3 Mtrs. Lr= Length of one ground rod in m
LR = 66 Mtrs. LR= Total length of all ground rod in m

## for grid with ground rods few scattered LM = LC + LR

throughout the grid

## LM = 1016.0 Mtrs. LM Total length of buried conductor

Ls = 0.75 Lc+0.85 LR Ls = 768.6 Mtrs. Ls= length of effective buried conductor with
ground rod
I G = D f * S f * I sc IG = 2000 Df = 1
Sf = 0.5

1  1 1 1 
KS = 
2Π  2 h
+ + 1 − 0. 5 n − 2  ( )
D+h D 
Ks = 0.23

## Earthmat Calculation Prepared by SKK Page 2

ρ * IG * Km * Ki
Em =
LM Em = 1034.7

ρ * K S * Ki * IG
ES = Es = 837.7
LS LT Total length of buried
LT = 1016.0 Mtrs. conductor = Lm
100 * ρ  (L )2 
Rg = ( ) * log e ( 2 *  T  Rg = 1.87
Π * 2 * LT  h *t 

 100 * ρ   4l 
R=  * LN   RROD = 42 d = 3.2 cm
 2 * Π * l  d  Nos. of rods = 22 Nos.

Since the rod are inserted parallel, overall resistance of all = 1.91
rods

 R ROD * R g 
The rod resistance is again parallel to the grid =  
resistance ,the overal resistance will be R 
 ROD + R g 
RNET Net Resistance = 0.95 Ohm.
Ground Potential rise I G * R NET = 1891.1

Summary of results :
Power House on which the design of earth mat is done = 81 x 15.8 mtrs

## Resistance of earthing system 0.95 Ohm.

NOTES :
a) Size of the conductor choosen is 65X8mm (Mild steel coated with copper)
b) Rod (Electrode) diameter choosen to be 32mm (Mild steel coated with copper)
c) Calculations are as per IEEE-80 & 665