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Isc tC ts h K p ps d A mm 2 D Lx By NE

kA sec sec mts o-m o-m DATA mts mm2 mts mts mts

4 1 0.5 0.60 80 600 3000 0.026 520 3 81.0 15.8 22

Breadth of Power House = 13.0 Mtr.

Breadth of Transformer Yard = 13.0 Mtr.

Elevation Difference in 'Y' axis (Aprox.) = 2.8 Mtr.

(Effective Length of P.H & TRF. Yard)

Breadth of subsoil ground grid = 15.8 Mtr.

Tcap ρr αr Tm Ko Ta

J/cm3 µΩ/cm Factor at20.c Temp.in 0C Temp.in 0C

3.85 8.62 0.00378 1084 245 45

0.000385 m Refer Table no. 1 of IEEE 80-2000

I SC

AS per IEEE-80-2000

Amm2 =

TCAP. K 0 + Tm

.Ln

α ρ

c r r K 0 + Ta

t

Amm2 = 29.82

Size of the conductor choosen Amm2 520

equivalent dia.of flat d =

Π

0.0257 mtr

1 − ρ / ρs

Cs = 1 − 0.09 hs = 0.15

2hs + 0.09

Cs = 0.82

0.157

E step70 = (1000 + 6c s * ρ s )

ts

Estep (70) tolerable = 3480.8

0.157

Etouch70 = (1000 + 1.5 * C s * ρ s )

ts

nd = 1 for rectangular grid

n = 11.42

h

K h = 1+ = 1.26 h0 = 1 AS per IEEE-80-2000

h0

1 D2 (D + 2h) 2 − h + Kii LN 8

KM = LN + π (2n − 1)

2π 16hd 8Dd 4d K h

Km = 0.38

Length of each rod Lr = 3 Mtrs. Lr= Length of one ground rod in m

LR = 66 Mtrs. LR= Total length of all ground rod in m

throughout the grid

Ls = 0.75 Lc+0.85 LR Ls = 768.6 Mtrs. Ls= length of effective buried conductor with

ground rod

I G = D f * S f * I sc IG = 2000 Df = 1

Sf = 0.5

1 1 1 1

KS =

2Π 2 h

+ + 1 − 0. 5 n − 2 ( )

D+h D

Ks = 0.23

ρ * IG * Km * Ki

Em =

LM Em = 1034.7

ρ * K S * Ki * IG

ES = Es = 837.7

LS LT Total length of buried

LT = 1016.0 Mtrs. conductor = Lm

100 * ρ (L )2

Rg = ( ) * log e ( 2 * T Rg = 1.87

Π * 2 * LT h *t

100 * ρ 4l

R= * LN RROD = 42 d = 3.2 cm

2 * Π * l d Nos. of rods = 22 Nos.

Since the rod are inserted parallel, overall resistance of all = 1.91

rods

R ROD * R g

The rod resistance is again parallel to the grid =

resistance ,the overal resistance will be R

ROD + R g

RNET Net Resistance = 0.95 Ohm.

Ground Potential rise I G * R NET = 1891.1

Summary of results :

Power House on which the design of earth mat is done = 81 x 15.8 mtrs

NOTES :

a) Size of the conductor choosen is 65X8mm (Mild steel coated with copper)

b) Rod (Electrode) diameter choosen to be 32mm (Mild steel coated with copper)

c) Calculations are as per IEEE-80 & 665

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