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Project :

DESIGN CALCULATION OF EARTH MAT IN POWER HOUSE Rev. A

Isc tC ts h K p ps d A mm 2 D Lx By NE
kA sec sec mts o-m o-m DATA mts mm2 mts mts mts
4 1 0.5 0.60 80 600 3000 0.026 520 3 81.0 15.8 22

Average Resistivity measured at site = 600 Ohm- mtr.

Length of Power House = 43 Mtr.


Breadth of Power House = 13.0 Mtr.

Length of Transformer Yard = 24 Mtr.


Breadth of Transformer Yard = 13.0 Mtr.

Elevation Difference in 'X' axis (Aprox.) = 14 Mtr.


Elevation Difference in 'Y' axis (Aprox.) = 2.8 Mtr.

Length of subsoil ground grid = 81.0 Mtr.


(Effective Length of P.H & TRF. Yard)
Breadth of subsoil ground grid = 15.8 Mtr.

Area of Power House Lx X By A = 1280 mm2

Tcap ρr αr Tm Ko Ta
J/cm3 µΩ/cm Factor at20.c Temp.in 0C Temp.in 0C
3.85 8.62 0.00378 1084 245 45
0.000385 m Refer Table no. 1 of IEEE 80-2000

I SC
AS per IEEE-80-2000
Amm2 =
 TCAP.   K 0 + Tm 
 .Ln 
α ρ
 c r r   K 0 + Ta
t 
Amm2 = 29.82

Corrosion factor = 1.2 = 35.79 mm2

MS Flat size = 65.00 x 8.00 mm


Size of the conductor choosen Amm2 520

Equivalent Diameter of conductor (d) A mm 2 4


equivalent dia.of flat d =
Π

d = 25.7 mm AS per IEEE-80-2000


0.0257 mtr

1 − ρ / ρs
Cs = 1 − 0.09 hs = 0.15
2hs + 0.09
Cs = 0.82
0.157
E step70 = (1000 + 6c s * ρ s )
ts

Earthmat Calculation Prepared by SKK Page 1


Estep (70) tolerable = 3480.8

0.157
Etouch70 = (1000 + 1.5 * C s * ρ s )
ts

Etouch (70) tolerable = 1037

Geomatric Factor n = (na.nb.nc.nd) AS per IEEE-80-2000

LC =((Lx/D)+1)xBy +((By/D)+1)xLx Lc = 950 Lc= Total length of conductor in horizontal grid in m

LP=2x(Lx + By) Lp = 194 Lp= Peripheral length of grid in m

na = 2 x LC / Lp as per Eq. 85 of IEEE - 80 - 2000 na = 9.81

nb = (Lp / 4 X (A')1/2)1/2 as per Eq. 86 of IEEE - 80 - 2000 = 1.163

nc = 1 for rectangular grid


nd = 1 for rectangular grid
n = 11.42

Ki=0.644+ 0.148n Ki = 2.33 Corrected factor for grid geometery (Ki)

(for grids with ground rods as per IEEE) Kii = 1

h
K h = 1+ = 1.26 h0 = 1 AS per IEEE-80-2000
h0

Spacing factor for mesh voltage (Km)


1   D2 (D + 2h) 2 − h  + Kii LN 8 
KM = LN +   π (2n − 1) 
2π   16hd 8Dd 4d  K h  

Km = 0.38

No. of Vertical rods = 22 Nos.


Length of each rod Lr = 3 Mtrs. Lr= Length of one ground rod in m
LR = 66 Mtrs. LR= Total length of all ground rod in m

for grid with ground rods few scattered LM = LC + LR


throughout the grid

LM = 1016.0 Mtrs. LM Total length of buried conductor

Ls = 0.75 Lc+0.85 LR Ls = 768.6 Mtrs. Ls= length of effective buried conductor with
ground rod
I G = D f * S f * I sc IG = 2000 Df = 1
Sf = 0.5

1  1 1 1 
KS = 
2Π  2 h
+ + 1 − 0. 5 n − 2  ( )
D+h D 
Ks = 0.23

Earthmat Calculation Prepared by SKK Page 2


ρ * IG * Km * Ki
Em =
LM Em = 1034.7

ρ * K S * Ki * IG
ES = Es = 837.7
LS LT Total length of buried
LT = 1016.0 Mtrs. conductor = Lm
100 * ρ  (L )2 
Rg = ( ) * log e ( 2 *  T  Rg = 1.87
Π * 2 * LT  h *t 

 100 * ρ   4l 
R=  * LN   RROD = 42 d = 3.2 cm
 2 * Π * l  d  Nos. of rods = 22 Nos.

Since the rod are inserted parallel, overall resistance of all = 1.91
rods

 R ROD * R g 
The rod resistance is again parallel to the grid =  
resistance ,the overal resistance will be R 
 ROD + R g 
RNET Net Resistance = 0.95 Ohm.
Ground Potential rise I G * R NET = 1891.1

Summary of results :
Power House on which the design of earth mat is done = 81 x 15.8 mtrs

Size of conductor chosen 520 mm2

Depth of burried conductors 0.60 mtr.

Spacing between conductors 3 mts.

Length of the flat 950 mts.

Length of vert.electrode for interconnection 66 mts. Nos. of electrode 22

Estep70 tolerable 3481 Volts.

Estep calculated 838 Volts

Etouch70 tolerable 1036.7 Volts

Emesh calculated 1034.7 Volts.

Resistance of earthing system 0.95 Ohm.

NOTES :
a) Size of the conductor choosen is 65X8mm (Mild steel coated with copper)
b) Rod (Electrode) diameter choosen to be 32mm (Mild steel coated with copper)
c) Calculations are as per IEEE-80 & 665

Earthmat Calculation Prepared by SKK Page 3