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DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING, BUET

NAME 324: Resistance and Propulsion of Ships Sessional Assignment# B4: Design of Screw Propeller using Circulation Theory

The design is required for a 4-bladed single screw propeller developing 110300 Kg thrust force in sea water. The propeller is to give a service speed of V S = 16.73 knots with an engine having 98.6 rpm. Other necessary particulars are given below:

Propeller dia: 6880mm, Propeller hub dia =1376mm, Blade Area Ratio (BAR)=0.65, Distance of the centre of the propeller shaft from the surface of water =7570mm, Density, ρ SW =104.5kg-sec 2 /m 4 , Specific gravity, γ SW =1025kg/m 3

Table 1: Wake distribution (nominal)

x

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

1-ω

0.244

0.312

0.396

0.492

0.588

0.682

0.776

0.820

0.829

Draw the following curves:

(i)

x vs hydrodynamic pitch angle

(ii)

x vs tangential induced velocity, Cu/2

(iii)

x vs axial induced velocity Ca/2

(iv)

x vs circulation, Г

(v)

x vs cavitation number, σ*

(vi)

x vs chord length, c

Steps:

 
 

 

 
 

.

.

 

.

  • 1. Calculate nominal mean wake using

  • 2. Calculate from tan

.

.

  • 3. Calculate frictionless thrust constant using

where

. ; T = Propeller thrust, Drag-lift ratio,

0.02, Speed

DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING, BUET NAME 324: Resistance and Propulsion of Ships Sessional

.

constant,

  • 4. Obtain the value of ideal efficiency, η Pi using Kramer (C Ti - -η Pi ) diagram as shown in Fig.1(here J and η Pi = η i )

  • 5. Calculate from tan

.

η

tan

DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING, BUET

  • 6. Calculate tangential induced velocity using

sin tan , where

7.

8.

Calculate axial induced velocity using

tan

Calculate cavitation number using

.

, where p 0 =p a +γh=

(10330+1025x7.57)kg/m 2 and p v =175.68kg/m 2

  • 9. Calculate 1/ I from

  • 10. Calculate Goldstein reduction factor using ( 1/ diagram (Fig. 2)

  • 11. Calculate C L .c =

sin tan

 
  • 12. Calculate chord length

.

. where coefficient C 6

(modified) can be taken from following table:

x .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 1.0 C 1.036 1.451 1.799 2.099 2.313
x
.2
.3
.4
.5
.6
.7
.8
.9
1.0
C
1.036
1.451 1.799
2.099
2.313
2.438
2.373 1.844
1.309
6
(mod)
13.
Calculate Г
C L .c)
14.
Calculate
.
/
.
15.
Calculate
.
.
′ /
16.
Calculate
17.
Calculate
18.
Calculate
19.
Calculate
  • 20. Crosscheck thrust, T = K T . n 2 D 4

DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING, BUET

DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING, BUET Fig.1: Kramer diagram Fig.2: Goldstein reduction factor Course

Fig.1: Kramer diagram

DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING, BUET Fig.1: Kramer diagram Fig.2: Goldstein reduction factor Course

Fig.2: Goldstein reduction factor