You are on page 1of 31
Case 1:15-cv-10160-SHS Document 131 Filed 10/05/18 Page 1 of 31 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK DONALD GRAHAM, Plaintiff, vs. RICHARD PRINCE, GAGOSIAN GALLERY, INC. and LAWRENCE GAGOSIAN Defendants. MEMORANDUM OF LAW ID Case No, 1:15-CV-10160-SHS UPPORT OF DEFENDANT RICHARD PRINCE’S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT GREENBERG TRAURIG, LLP Richard A. Edlin MetLife Building 200 Park Avenue ‘New York, New York 10166 Ian C. Ballon Nina D. Boyajian Valerie W. Ho 1840 Century Park East, Suite 1900 Los Angeles, California 90067 Attorneys for Defendant Richard Prince Case 1:15-cv-10160-SHS Document 131 Filed 10/05/18 Page 2 of 31 TABLE OF CONTENTS PRELIMINARY STATEMENI STATEMENT OF FACTS 4 A. Background, 4 B. Creation of the Portrait of Rastajay92... C. Donald Graham... 1. Rastafarian Smoking a Joint. 6 2. Graham’s Presence in and Use of Social Media. 7 ARGUMENT... 1 LEGAL STANDARDS ... I PRINCE’S PORTRAIT OF RASTAJAY92 IS A FAIR USE OF THE PHOTOGRAPIH........ 8 A. Prince’s Portrait of Rastajay92 Is Highly Transformative 8 1. Portrait of Rastajay92 Has a Different Purpose from the Photograph... 2. Portrait of Rastajay92 Has a Different Character from Graham's Photograph. 10 3. Portrait of Rastajay92 is Transformative Despite Borrowing the Image of the Photograph and Not Obscuring It... 4. The Public Benefit of Art Far Outweighs any Commercial Gain from the Portrait of Rastajay92 13 5. The Nature of the Copyrighted Work and the Amount and Substantiality of the Portion Used Are Less Significant in the Context of the Instant Case. B. Portrait of Rastajay92 Does Not Adversely Impact the Market for the Photograph. 7 C. Graham's Intentional Online Dissemination of the Photograph Also Weighs in Favor of Fair Use I, THE ANCILLARY WORKS ARE ALSO NON-INFRINGING USES OF THE PHOTOGRAPH, 19 Case 1:15-cv-10160-SHS Document 131 Filed 10/05/18 Page 3 of 31 I. PRINCE HAD AN IMPLIED LICENSE TO USE THE IMAGE OF THE PHOTOGRAPH CONCLUSION... ii 24 2 25