You are on page 1of 9

MODES OF

TRANSPORT
Organización del transporte y su distribución
Módulo Inglés
Estefanía Tovar Mora
Modes of Transport
 The modes of transport describes the way goods are
transported.

 There are basically five different modes;


* Rail * Road * Air
* Water * Pipeline * Multimodal
Rail
 For heavy and large loads over long land journeys

Advantages Disadvantages
 Lowest overall cost per unit weight  Routes between fixed terminals
 Railway is the safest form of transport  They cannot stop at intermediary
 Can be most effective when linked points
into multimodal system  Rail transport cannot provide door to
door service
 Ineffective with small shipments

 Its inflexibility
 Trains can only travel along specified
Road
 The most common mode of transport and it is used at least somewhere in
almost all supply chains.

Advantages Disadvantages
 Main benefit: flexibility  For shorter distances
 Travel speed  Vulnerable to congestion and
 Use extensive road networks traffic delays
 Large number of carriers working  Dependence on fuel price
in the same areas
 Easy to monitor location of goods

 These become relatively


expensive,so road transport is
Water
 It is used for big volumes for international traffic

Advantages Disadvantages
 For heavy and bulky goods  Difficulty in monitoring exact

 For products with long lead times location


 Limited to appropriate ports
 Cheaper traffic means
 Transfers to ships take time

 Longer lead/delivery times and


slow
Air
 Urgent, perishable goods or high value are transported by air.

Advantages Disadvantages
 Speed of delivery  It is a costly transport
 Weight limits

 Transfers take time in the airport


Pipeline

 The main uses of pipelines are oil and gas together with the utilities of water
and sewage.

Advantages Disadvantages

 Moving large quantities over long  Being slow


distances.  Inflexible
 Cheapest way of moving liquids  Only carrying large volumes of certain
 Local networks can add flexibility types of fluid
MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT

Refers to journeys that


involve two or more
different modes of
transport.
Choice of Modes
* Choice of mode depends on a variety of factors.The main ones are the
nature of materials to move, the volume and distance.
TYPE OF
SPEED VOLUME SECURITY COST
GOODS
HIGHWAY High Low Media Low All

Commonly for
RAIL Media High High Media heavy and large
loads

Commonly for
WATER Low Very High High Low heavy and large
loads

urgent,
Very High Very High perishable
AIR Low High
goods or of high
value

MULTIMODAL High Media Media Media All