You are on page 1of 1

BIOCELL 35(3), 2011 POSTER PRESENTATIONS A247

169. 171.
EB96 - ACRIDIDAE PRESENTS IN ALFALFA CROP AND EB100 - SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN Phymaturus cf. palluma
GRASSLAND IN SAN LUIS, ARGENTINA (LIOLAEMIDAE) FROM SAN JUAN, ARGENTINA
Bonivardo SL, Martínez AN, Romero N. Castro SA, Laspiur A*, Acosta JC, Nieva RA.
Subject Agricultural Zoology. Agricultural Sciences Dept. FICES- Dpto Biología. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales
UNSL. E-mail: bonsil@fices.unsl.edu.ar UNSJ. *CONICET. E-mail: sualcas@gmail.com

The “tucuras” are potential pests for agricultural crops, pasture and Study of sexual dimorphism can offer responses about biological
natural grasslands, destroying a significant amount of forage and meaning that implies morphological differentiation between males
therefore impacting on livestock production. For the province of and females. However, these differences can be explained by selec-
San Luis the following species of “tucuras” have been reported tive pressures affecting on the degree of sexual dimorphism in spe-
Chromacris speciosa, Dichroplus pratensis and D. Vittatus; a few cies. For these reasons, we studied sexual dimorphism in a popula-
Spyllina spp. y Neopedies spp. in 1941: Staurorhectus longicornis, tion of Phymaturus cf. palluma in Calingasta Department, San Juan
Scyllina variabilis, C. speciosa, D. pratensis, D. vittatus, Province. We measured 10 morphometric variables on 16 speci-
Rhammatocerus pictus, Zeniopoda tarsata in 1981. The present mens (9 females / 7 males) and were analyzed by descriptive statis-
work was performed on alfalfa and grassland in “the pampas” west- tics, regression analysis and measures of central tendency. Sexual
ern district, with the objective of making an update register of differences in variables values were tested by mean and median
Acrid´species. Specimens were identified using the taxonomic key comparisons (Mann-Whitney test, ANCOVA), 5% significance
from Salto (1999). The following species of the Acrididae family level. P. cf. palluma was sexually dimorphic in 4 morphometric
were identified: D. elongatus, Baeacris punctulatus, Ronderosia variables: head length, head width, radius-ulna length and tail length,
bergi, D. pratensis on alfalfa crops and on grasslands: D. pratensis, all of which are higher in males than females. We compare and
R. bergi, D. conspersus, B. punctulatus, Allotruxalis strigata, C. discuss our results with those found in other species.
miles, D. elongatus, R. pictus, Borellia pallida, S. longicornis, Z.
tarsata. The survey was carried out during the campagne 2010-11,
using drag net entomology. Of 15 species observed only five of
them agree with those identified in previous studies.

170. 172.
EB99 - THERMAL TOLERANCE OF TWO SPECIES OF EB101 - TROPHIC ECOLOGY OF ANDEAN LIZARD
ANURANS: IMPLICATIONS IN GLOBAL WARMING Phymaturus cf. palluma (LIOLAEMIDAE) SAN JUAN,
Sanabria E, Quiroga L, Fornés M. ARGENTINA
Fac Cs Ex Fcas y Nat, UNSJ, 5400 San Juan; LIAM, IHEM, Castro SA, Laspiur A*, Acosta JC, Nieva RA.
UNCuyo, CONICET. E-mail: sanabria.eduardoa@gmail.com Dpto Biología. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales
UNSJ. *CONICET. E-mail: sualcas@gmail.com
Global climate change will affect more to the communities of sub-
tropical and tropical ectotherms that communities are distributed Knowledge of trophic parameters in species helps us to know natural
at higher latitudes. The aim of this study is compare the thermal history and strategies employed to obtain resources. For these rea-
safety margin (TSM) and heat tolerance (HT) of tadpoles of Rhinella sons, the aim of this study is to provide preliminary data about trophic
spinulosa and Odontophrynus cf occidentalis in an altitudinal gra- ecology of Phymaturus cf. palluma in a population from Andes of
dient. We record the critical thermal maximum (CTmax) and se- San Juan. We analyzed and compared diet of 11 specimens captured
lected body temperature (Tsel) of both species. Environmental tem- during October 2009 and April 2010. Items were identified in quali-
perature was obtained with the data logger (Tenv). We calculated quantitative sense. IRI was estimated according to volume, number
the TSM (CTmax-Tenv) and HT (Tsel-Tenv). The TSM reported and frequency of occurrence of alimentary items. We calculated per-
significant differences being species (Mann Whitney U = 3.87, p centage of material and nematode parasites in digestive tract. P.
<0.000006) the mean for: R. spinulosa = 21.8 ± 0.3ºC and O. cf cf.palluma is an herbivorous lizard whose diet is based mainly on
occidentalis = 15.2 ± 0.5ºC. In addition, we detected significant stems and leaves, being its consumption not different between dates.
changes in the parameter HT (Mann Whitney U = 4.15, p <0.00001) For october 2009, flowers were “fundamental ítem” whereas flowers
where: R. spinulosa = 12.9 ± 0.3ºC and O. cf occidentalis= 3.8 ± and fruits were “fundamental items” for April 2010. Diet showed
0.4ºC. Amphibian communities in lowland are apparently more overlap between months (Jaccard = 0.21). We conclude that P. cf.
susceptible to global warming that amphibian communities found palluma is an herbivorous lizard that feed vegetative and reproduc-
at hightland. In this framework would be less affected by future tive structures of plants. We compared and discuss our results with
global warming since it causes the minimum winter temperatures other species in terms of herbivory in lizards.
increase the effect being greater at low altitude.