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U2 L3: Plant Growth Lab

Background: Factors in the plant’s environment, such as the amount of sunlight and water, play a role in
the health and life span of a plant. Green plants need sunlight to carry out photosynthesis. This process
allows the plant to make food that can be used later for growth and reproduction. Without light, the
plant cannot make food, and it cannot grow. This experiment will demonstrate whether or not light is
needed for a plant to grow.

Hypothesis: My Hypothesis is that the plant that is in the light will be overall healthier, height and
weight wise.

The independent variable in this lab is: The sunlight that the plants receive

The dependent variable in the lab that I am measuring is: The weight/height of the plants

Materials: You need an online virtual lab that involves plant growth or :2 pots, 1 bag of soil, a small
bag of beans that you can grow, water, a cup measuring in mL, a measuring stick, and a LED grow light
(optional for indoors).

List here

Procedure: List the steps below of how to do this experiment. Add as many steps as needed.

1. Fill the two pots with a reasonable amount of soil, make sure both pots have about the same amount
of soil. Then add a measuring stick (cm) into the soil at the side of the pot. (no need to add fertilizer or
anything else)

2. Place the beans about 5 centimeters to 2 inches beneath the surface of the soil.

3. Place one plant in the sun and one in the dark (or if you're using an LED light, place one under the
light and in the dark.

4. When watering, give the plant about 60 mL of water each day. If using The virtual lab, compare the
plant growth (and overall health) throughout the 50 days and do the experiment 3 times. If doing the
experiment physically, monitor the two plants for about 15 days, writing down plants height and
overall health.

Data Use a few seeds/plants for each group. I listed 3 for each group as an example. Use more if you

Length of the Plant (in centimeters) Observations

Plants Write any observations you make for
Day Day
Day 5 Day 20 Day 50 each plants other than length such as
10 30
color, health, etc.

Plants L1 0 cm 3.3 16.3 28.3 46.5 While the plants with sunlight did not
in the
light L2 0 cm 2.1 15 27 45.9 start to grow fast, they weighed much

L3 0 cm 3.5 16.4 28.1 46.4 more and were green with a thick

Plants D1 0 cm 4.8 20.4 27.4 31.9 All of the plants without light don't
in the look
D2 0 cm 3.1 18.6 26.2 30.9 lively, they are quite dark and are

D3 0 cm 4.1 19 26.6 31.3 shriveled up. In the beginning stages,

the plants in the dark grow faster.

Conclusions: (Answer the 3 questions below and also write down any other conclusions in this
1. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) that your plants will grow into bean
plants and not some other type of plant (genetics, environment, or both)? Explain your
answer. The main factor that determines whether or not a bean plant will turn into a
tomato or a bell pepper plant is genetics. Genetics are coded so that an organism can
continue it's species for years to come. Another example of this would be a dog and a
horse, if two dogs breed, the offspring will not be a horse, but a dog.

2. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) the height of a plant (genetics,
environment, or both)? Explain your answer. Both genetics and environment determine a
plants height. A bean plant's genetics are coded to make it tall and thin (relatively tall), but
without proper nurturing (environment), the bean plant could fall SHORT of it's standards *ba
dum tss*

3. Use specific data from your experiment to defend or refute the following statements:
Plants continue to grow throughout their lives by producing new plant material.
Photosynthesis is required for this process to occur. Without sunlight, photosynthesis is
unable to produce glucose. In my experiment, the bean plants with sunlight were tall,
green, and sturdy. On the other hand, the bean plants without sunlight were somewhat
tall, brownish-greenish, and weak.