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# FORMULAS

## Medidas de Tendencia Central

Media Aritmética  𝒙
̅ ̃
Mediana  𝑿 ̂
Moda  𝑿

∑ 𝑴𝒄 ∗ 𝒇
̅=
𝑿
𝒏
𝑛
− 𝐹𝑖−1
̃ = 𝐿𝑖 + [ 2
𝑿 ]∗𝑊 𝒏
= 𝑳𝒂 𝑭𝒊 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒍𝒐 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒈𝒂. 𝑭𝒊−𝟏→ 𝑭 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒂 𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒔
𝑓𝑖 𝟐

𝐷𝑎
̂ = 𝐿𝑖 + [
𝑿 ]∗𝑊 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐. 𝑙𝑎 𝑚𝑎𝑦𝑜𝑟 𝒇𝒊 𝑫𝒂 → 𝑓𝑖 − 𝑓𝑖−1 ; 𝑫𝒃 → 𝑓𝑖 − 𝑓𝑖+1
𝐷𝑎+𝐷𝑏

Media Aritmética  𝒙
̅ ̃
Mediana  𝑿 ̂
Moda  𝑿

∑ 𝑋𝑖 ∗ 𝑓
̅=
𝑿
𝑛
𝒏 𝑛+1
(𝒏 → 𝑃𝑎𝑟) ̃=
𝑿 (𝑭𝒊) ; (𝒏 → 𝑖𝑚𝑝𝑎𝑟) 𝑋̃ = (𝑭𝒊)
𝟐 2

̂ = > 𝑓𝑖
𝑿
Medida de Dispersión

𝑹 = 𝑋𝑚𝑎𝑥 − 𝑋𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑹 = 𝑋𝑚𝑎𝑥 − 𝑋𝑚𝑖𝑛

Varianza: Varianza:
∑(𝑀𝑐 − 𝑋̅)𝟐 ∑(𝑋𝑖 − 𝑋̅)𝟐
𝜹𝟐 = 𝑃𝑜𝑏𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝜹𝟐 = 𝑃𝑜𝑏𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛
𝑵 𝑵
∑(𝑀𝑐 − 𝑋̅)𝟐 ∑(𝑋𝑖 − 𝑋̅)𝟐
𝒔𝟐 = 𝑀𝑢𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑎 𝒔𝟐 = 𝑀𝑢𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑎
𝑛−1 𝑛−1

## Desviación Estándar Desviación Estándar

𝑵 → 𝜹𝟐 = √𝜹 𝑃𝑜𝑏𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝑵 → 𝜹𝟐 = √𝜹

𝒏 → 𝒔𝟐 = √𝒔 𝑀𝑢𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑎 𝑵 → 𝒔𝟐 = √𝒔 𝑀𝑢𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑎

𝝆+ = 𝑋̅ + 𝑠 𝝆+ = 𝑋̅ + 𝑠
̅
𝑿 ̅
𝑿
𝝆− = 𝑋̅ − 𝑠 𝝆− = 𝑋̅ − 𝑠

Acá esta la nueva media representativa Acá esta la nueva media representativa

Medidas de Posición

## Cuartil  𝑄𝑘 Decil  𝐷𝑘 Percentil  𝑃𝑘

Cuartil:

𝐾∗𝑛
𝐾 = 1,2,3 ∶ =𝑛 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑎 𝑛 𝑒𝑛 𝑙𝑎 𝐹𝑖 𝑞𝑢𝑒 𝑙𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑎 𝐹𝑖−1 (𝐴𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠)
4

𝐾∗𝑛
− 𝐹𝑖−1
𝑸𝒌 = 𝐿𝑖 + [ 4 ]∗𝑊
𝑓𝑖
Deciles:

𝐾∗𝑛
𝐾 = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 ∶ = 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑎 𝑛 𝑒𝑛 𝑙𝑎 𝐹𝑖 𝑞𝑢𝑒 𝑙𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑎 𝐹𝑖−1 (𝐴𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠)
10
𝐾∗𝑛
− 𝐹𝑖−1
𝑫𝒌 = 𝐿𝑖 + [ 10 ]∗𝑊
𝑓𝑖

Percentil:

𝐾∗𝑛
𝐾 = 1 − 99: = 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑎 𝑛 𝑒𝑛 𝑙𝑎 𝐹𝑖 𝑞𝑢𝑒 𝑙𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑎 𝐹𝑖−1 (𝐴𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠)
100
𝐾∗𝑛
− 𝐹𝑖−1
𝑷𝒌 = 𝐿𝑖 + [ 100 ]∗𝑊
𝑓𝑖

Cuartil:

𝐾∗𝑛
𝐾 = 1,2,3 ∶ 𝑸𝒌 = =𝑛 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑎 𝑛 𝑒𝑛 𝑙𝑎 𝐹𝑖 𝑞𝑢𝑒 𝑙𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑎 𝐹𝑖−1 (𝐴𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠)
4

Deciles:

𝐾∗𝑛
𝐾 =1−9∶ 𝑫𝒌 = =𝑛 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑎 𝑛 𝑒𝑛 𝑙𝑎 𝐹𝑖 𝑞𝑢𝑒 𝑙𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑎 𝐹𝑖−1 (𝐴𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠)
10

Percentil:

𝐾∗𝑛
𝐾 = 1 − 99: 𝑷𝒌 = =𝑛 𝐵𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑎 𝑛 𝑒𝑛 𝑙𝑎 𝐹𝑖 𝑞𝑢𝑒 𝑙𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑎 𝐹𝑖−1 (𝐴𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑠)
100