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ABSTRACT

The karst area is a zone of combination of easily dissolved rocks with well-developed secondary
porosity. In line with the formation process, the karst region has a distinctive hydrological system,
namely vertical drainage due to secondary porosity and removal of the rock, so that it has an abundant
water content. During the dry season, water is found abundantly below the surface of the land, while
during the rainy season, water is collected in the lakes. Abundant groundwater content in karst aquifers
has the potential to be one of the natural resources. The karst aquifer has different hydrogeological and
hydraulic characteristics from other aquifers. Characteristics of karst aquifers have a diffuse flow type
that facilitates storage of water and flows slowly, so karst aquifers are very susceptible to pollution.
Pollution can be caused by human activities, such as the disposal of industrial waste and excessive use
of groundwater resulting in a decrease in the quality of groundwater. Research conducted around the
Goa Putri karst area, Ogan Komering Ulu District, South Sumatra aims to determine the distribution
zone and determine the level of vulnerability of groundwater. Determination of the distribution zone
and groundwater susceptibility level using the field observation method and APLIS method (Altitude
Pendiente Litologia Infiltrion preferencial and Suelo) which utilizes the Geographic Information
System (GIS) with overlay analysis. Field observations include observing the appearance of rocks in a
megascopic manner and the condition of the soil. The parameters used in the APLIS method to classify
the level of vulnerability of groundwater are site elevation, slope, lithology / rock, infiltration zone, and
soil. The results of the analysis show that the study area has a level of vulnerability in groundwater from
medium to high. Factors that influence differences in the level of vulnerability of groundwater in each
region include geological conditions, slope, and type of aquifer