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SimSci™

PRO/II® 9.4
Getting Started Guide

October 2015
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Schneider Electric Software, LLC
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Contents

Introduction
About this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
About PRO/II Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
About SimSci . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Where to Find PRO/II Software Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Online Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Online Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv
Where to Find Additional Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Authorized SimSci Technical Support Centers. . . . . . . . . . . . .vi

Chapter 1
Installation Requirements
Verifying the Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1
Installation Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1
Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1
Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
PRO/II 9.4 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
SIM4ME® PORTAL Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Disk Space Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Virtual Memory Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Security Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
USB Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
FLEXlm Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Switching To Any Security Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Delayed Reboot of PRO/II When Using FLEXlm Security . .1-6

Chapter 2
Installing PRO/II Software
Installing a Local Version of PRO/II Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Directory Structures and Desktop Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
PRO/II Installed Directory Structure (Standalone) . . . . . . . . .2-5
Testing PRO/II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-7

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide iii


Reviewing the Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Generate an Output Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Converting Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Modifying/Repairing/Removing PRO/II Software . . . . . . . . . . 2-9

Chapter 3
Troubleshooting Licensing Issue
Changing the Chemistry Wizard Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3

Chapter 4
Tutorial : Introduction
What can PRO/II Software do? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Simulation Status Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
How is this Tutorial Organized? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Where to Start? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Where to Find Additional Help? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Description of the Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
How to Proceed? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4

Chapter 5
Session 1: Separator
Starting PRO/II Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
\Building the Flowsheet (required) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Process Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Process Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Correcting the PFD Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Defining the Component List (required) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Defining a Thermodynamic Method Set (required) . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Specifying Unit Operation and Stream Data (required) . . . . . . . 5-11
Analyzing the Data Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Stream Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Unit Operations Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Saving the Simulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Running the Simulation (required) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Reviewing the Simulation Results. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Viewing the Output Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
Using the Flash Tool (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23

iv Contents
Chapter 6
Session 2: Complete Expander Plant
Building the Flowsheet (required) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-1
Modifying the Stream Data (required). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8
Specifying the Process Unit Data (required) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8
Heat Exchangers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8
Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-12
Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-15
Running the Simulation (required) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-25
Reviewing the Simulation Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-25
Modifying the Simulation Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26

Chapter 7
Session 3: Presentation of Output
Modifying the Flowsheet Stream Border Style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-1
Displaying Stream Properties on the PFD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-3
Exporting the PFD to the Windows Clipboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-5
Producing a Stream Report in a Spreadsheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-6
Creating Pages for Printing the PFD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7
Creating Plots. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-10
Displaying Stream Results in HTML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-11
Block Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-13

Index

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide v


vi Contents
Introduction

About this Manual


This manual will guide you through the installation of the PRO/II™
family of software products and provides you with three sample
sessions on using PRO/II Software.
An outline of this document is provided below.

Chapter 1 Installation Outlines installation and security


Requirements requirements.
Chapter 2 Installing PRO/II Describes how to install PRO/II 9.4
Software Software.
Chapter 3 Troubleshooting Addresses some of the problems you may
Licensing Issue encounter while installing PRO/II 9.4
Software.
Chapter 4 Tutorial : Introduces the user to PRO/II Software
Introduction capabilities, conventions and finding
information.
Chapter 5 Session 1: Separator Step-by-step instructions to enable you to
simulate a minimal set of process units in
a gas processing application.
Chapter 6 Session 2: Complete Additonal process units are added to
Expander Plant complete an entire
demethanizer/expander plant simulation.
Chapter 7 Session 3: Introduces tools provided by PRO/II
Presentation of Software to organize, format and review
Output results.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide i


About PRO/II Software
PRO/II Software is a comprehensive computer simulation system for
process engineers in the chemical, petroleum, natural gas, solids
processing, and polymer industries. It combines the data resources
of a large chemical component library and extensive
thermodynamic property prediction methods with the most
advanced and flexible unit operations techniques. It provides the
process engineer with the computational facilities to perform all
mass and energy balance calculations needed to model most steady-
state processes.
The PRO/II Software process simulation program is designed with
both the beginner and the expert in mind. It is based on a foundation
of comprehensive, reliable, and accurate simulation capabilities. It
is easy to use, and the input language is an extension of the
universal language of chemical engineering. Expert systems,
extensive input processing, and error checking allow even an
inexperienced user to be instantly productive. These features have
made PRO/II Software an industry standard.

About SimSci
For over 40 years, SimSci has been a leader in the development and
deployment of process simulation software, services, and complete
solutions for oil and gas production, hydrocarbon and specialty
chemical processing and refining, and fossil and nuclear power.
Benefit from products that minimize capital requirements, optimize
facility performance, maximize ROI, and produce assets for:
Plant engineering design and simulation:
 Integrated process engineering (FEED)
 Pipeline production analysis, asset model management
 Operational analysis, optimization, process control
 Dynamic simulation, operator training
Design-Operate-Optimize a safe and profitable plant subject to ever
more stringent market and regulatory constraints. SimSci software
solutions are indispensable tools in solving these three increasingly
complex challenges simultaneously. SimSci is a brand of Invensys,
a Schneider Electric company.

ii Introduction
Where to Find PRO/II Software Documentation
Online Documentation
Online documentation is provided in the form of .PDF files that are
conveniently viewed using Adobe Acrobat Reader® 7.0.5 or
Acrobat Exchange 7.0.5. Adobe Acrobat Reader Software is
freeware that can be installed from the Adobe Systems website
(www.adobe.com). Adobe Acrobat Reader Software requires seven
MB of disk space in addition to the space required to install PRO/II
Software.

The Welcome Screen lists all the online manuals (See below). These
online manuals are stored in the SIMSCI\PROII\Manuals directory.

PRO/II 9.4 Welcome Screen

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide -iii


Online Help
PRO/II Software incorporates an online Help system, a
comprehensive reference tool that quickly accesses information.
Online answers are instantly available while you work. In the Help
system, commands, features, and data fields are explained in easy
steps. You can access the electronic Contents for the Help system
by selecting Help/Contents from the PRO/II menu bar. Context-
sensitive help is accessed using the <F1> key or the What’s This?
button by placing the cursor in the area in question.
Where to Find Additional Help
If you want to... See...
Learn how to install PRO/II Software PRO/II Getting Started Guide
Quickly learn how to simulate a simple PRO/II Getting Started Guide
flowsheet using PRO/II Software
Obtain detailed information on the PRO/II User’s Guide
capabilities and use of PRO/II Software
Obtain basic information on PRO/II PRO/II Keyword Manual
keywords
Obtain basic information on PRO/II Online Help
Software calculation methods
Obtain more detailed information on PRO/II Online Reference
PRO/II Software calculation methods Manual

Obtain detailed information of SIMSCI Component and


component and thermodynamic Thermodynamic Data Input
properties Manual
See simulation examples PRO/II Keyword Manual
See simulation examples for chemical, PRO/II Application Briefs
solid processing, petrochemical, batch, Manual
and electrolyte applications
Demonstrates the use of PRO/II PRO/II Casebooks
Software with process industry
examples
Learn about PRO/II batch reactor and PRO/II Add-on Modules
distillation, electrolytes, Profimatics or User’s Guide
polymers modules
Learn about PRO/II-HTRI®, PRO/II- PRO/II Interface Modules
HTFS® or Linnhoff March User’s Guide
ColumnTarget Interface modules

iv Introduction
Where to Find Additional Help (cont.)
If you want to... See...
Learn about PRO/II User-added PRO/II Data Transfer System
Subroutines or the PRO/II Data and User-added Subroutines
Transfer System User’s Guide
Learn to write applications (input and COM Server Programmer’s
calculated) to access data in PRO/II Guide and Tutorial
simulation databases
Information on API’s to the PRO/II COM Server Reference Guide
COM Server with examples
Learn about Ternary Mixture Plots Ternary Mixture Plots Help
Manual

Technical Support
SimSci and its agents around the world provide technical support
and service for PES products. If you have any questions regarding
the use of the program or the interpretation of output produced by
the program, contact your local SimSci representative for advice or
consultation.
When calling one of the Technical Support Centers, be prepared to
describe your problem or the type of assistance required. Also, to
expedite your call, complete the following steps before calling
Technical Support:
 Have the installation DVD and all the provided documentation
available.
 Determine the type of computer you are using.
 Determine the amount of free disk space available on the disk
on which the product is installed.
 Note the exact actions you were taking when the problem
occurred, as well as the steps you took leading up to that point.
 Note the exact error messages that appear on your screen, as
well as any other symptoms.
Both new and experienced users will benefit significantly from
attending one of SimSci’s regularly scheduled training courses on
PES products. If you would like to obtain a list of courses available,
or if you have any questions relating to the use of a PES product, its
methods, data, or technology, please call your nearest SimSci
Technical Support office or visit our website at www.simsci.com.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide -v


Authorized SimSci Technical Support Centers
Please see the SimSci Support website for more detailed contact
information for Authorized SimSci Technical Support Centers;
http://software.schneider-electric.com/support/simsci/

vi Introduction
Chapter 1
Installation Requirements

This chapter surveys the contents of the PRO/II Software release


package.

Verifying the Package Contents


Installation Media
PRO/II Software is distributed on a DVD.

Documentation
A partial list of available PRO/II online documents is:
 PRO/II Keyword Manual
 SIMSCI Component and Thermodynamic Data Input
Manuals
 PRO/II User Guide
 PRO/II Getting Started Guide (this document)
 PRO/II Interface Modules User Guide
 PRO/II Data Transfer System User Guide
 PRO/II User-Added Subroutines User Guide
Additional documentation is provided for each additional features
as required.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 1-1


Software Requirements
PRO/II 9.4 Requirements
The minimum software requirements are listed below. PRO/II 9.4
Software functions properly only on the operating systems in the
lists.:

Operating Windows 8 (Professional/Enterprise), Windows


System VISTA SP2 (Business / Enterprise) (32 Bit, 64 Bit),
Windows 7 (Professional / Enterprise), Windows 7
Enterprise(32 Bit, 64 Bit), or Windows 2008 Server
SP2 (32 Bit, 64 Bit)
Proper installation of PRO/II Software under all oper-
ating systems requires administrator rights.

Microsoft Office 2007, Office 2010, and Office 2013.


Office 32
bit S4MPortal is not supported on Office 2003, Office
XP.

Compilers User-Added Subroutines and PDTS applications


require the following programs:
Microsoft Visual Studio Net 2008
Intel Visual FORTRAN version 12.x for Win-
dows (Standard or Professional Edition).

UAS and PDTS sample projects shipped with PRO/II 9.4 Soft-
ware are built using .NET Framework 2008.

Acrobat Most PRO/II 9.4 documentation is delivered using


Reader Portable Document Format (i.e., as .pdf files). The
latest free version also may be downloaded from an
Adobe web site. As of this writing one such Adobe
web site is:
http://get.adobe.com/reader/

1-2 Installation Requirements


SIM4ME® PORTAL Requirement
The minimum software requirements for SIM4ME PORTAL are:

Operating Microsoft Windows VISTA SP2 (Business /


System Enterprise), Windows 7, Windows 8. Proper
installation of SIM4ME PORTAL under all OS’s
requires administrator rights.

Microsoft Office 2007, Office 2010, and Office 2013. Ear-


Office lier versions of MS Office are incompatible due
to format upgrades implemented by Microsoft.

Disk Space Requirements


The computer should have at least one gigabyte (1GB) of available
free disk space. This amount is adequate for a complete PRO/II 9.4
installation, storage for many simulations, and ample free space for
paging without excessive fragmentation. Periodically running a
disk defragmentation program is a recommended part of good
maintenance practices.

Virtual Memory Requirement


PRO/II Software requires at least 55 MB of virtual memory to
provide sufficient paging area. Newer operating systems (such as
Vista) typically allocate a larger paging file size, so the changes
discussed here probably will not be required.
To set virtual memory in Windows 2008 Server and Windows
VISTA:
 From the Vista Start menu, select Settings/Control Panel.
 Open the System item and access the Advanced tab.
 Click the Settings button under Performance.
 Select the Advance tab.
 Click the Change... button in the Virtual Memory section.
 If desired, change the size in the “paging file size for selected
drive” section, and click the Set button.
To set virtual memory in Windows 7/Windiws 8:
 From the Start menu, select Control Panel.
 Open the System item and access the Advanced System Settings.
 Click the Advanced tab.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 1-3


 Click the Settings button under Performance section.
 Select the Advance tab.
 Click the Change... button in the Virtual Memory section.
 If desired, change the size in the “paging file size for selected
drive” section, and click the Set button.

Security Options
USB Security
SimSci provides USB hardware security, in which you insert key
specially coded to allow use of PRO/II Software. During
installation, the USB key should not be plugged in. After
installation, simply plug the security hardware device directly into
one of the computer’s USB ports to start running PRO/II Software.

FLEXlm Security
SimSci provides three different FLEXlm security options on the
FLEXlm Server Application installation DVD.

 FLEXNET 11 Security Single license option

 TOKENNET Security Multi-user license sharing option


The FLEXlm License Manager is a third-party concurrent-user
software licensing tool from Macrovision Corporation. It is a client/
server-based tool that has been customized by Invensys.
The server must have at least 5 MB of available disk space. To
install, learn, and troubleshoot FLEXlm security, follow the
instructions provided in the FLEXlm Security Guide included in
the standard release package.

Switching To Any Security Type


 Starting from PRO/II 9.4, a new tool called SIMSCI Security
Selection Tool is provided to change the security options with-
out manually editing the PROII.ini file.
 You can access SIMSCI Security Selection Tool by clicking
Start > All Programs > SIMSCI > License Management tool.
 The security type can be changed for all the SIMSCI products
at once by selecting "All Products" from the Products Installed
list box, entering Licence Server’s name in the Flexlm/TOKEN
License Servers field, and clicking Apply.

1-4 Installation Requirements


 The security type can be changed for all the SIMSCI products
at once by selecting "All Products" from the Products Installed
list box, entering Licence Server’s name in the Flexlm/
TOKEN License Servers field, and clicking Apply.
 For PRO/II, switch the security type by selecting
Products Installed: PRO/II
Version: 9.4

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 1-5


Security Type: FNP1111/FNP1112/FLEXNET11/USB/
TOKENNET/TKN1111/TKN1112

 The license can also be checked out to the local machine by


clicking Check Out.
 If running Windows 7, 8, or VISTA, add the
IPASSI_LICENSE_FILE=@{FLEXlm server machine name}
system environment variable to your control panel/system/
advanced/environment variables.
 Reboot the computer, so the changes to the security environ-
ment will be correctly configured.

Delayed Reboot of PRO/II When Using FLEXlm Security


On rare occasions, PRO/II 9.4 may encounter situations in which it
cannot continue to function. In such situations, it issues a message
and shuts itself down. All unsaved data is lost. This commonly is
known as “a crash”. The only recourse available to the user is to
restart PRO/II 9.4 Software and manually attempt to recover as
much work as possible.
FLEXlm security is managed by a proprietary client program that
interacts with PRO/II 9.4 but executes independently. Security in
PRO/II 9.4 is monitored periodically on-demand, not continually. A

1-6 Installation Requirements


crash requires a delay of at least three minutes to re-establish
communicaction with the FLEXlm security client.
Note: A crash of the PRO/II 9.4 program results in a delay of at
least three minutes to re-establish communication with the FLEXlm
security client. There is no need to attempt to reconfigure PRO/II
9.4 or the FLEXlm client. However, security will fail if an attempt
is made to restart PRO/II Software too soon.
Note: Users choosing to install PRO/II in a Virtual Environment
must ensure that the security option is outside the Virtual
Environment.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 1-7


1-8 Installation Requirements
Chapter 2
Installing PRO/II Software

This chapter guides you through the installation of the PRO/II 9.4
Software family of software products:
 The main PRO/II application
 PRO/II Data Transfer System (PDTS)
 PRO/II User-Added Subroutines (UAS)
 Chemistry Wizard™ (from OLI)
 Thermo Data Manager (TDM). The TDM is a silent install.
 SIM4ME Portal/ Reports also is a silent install.
 CFI (Common Framework Install) module also is a silent
install.
 Notepad ++
 NIST REFPROP
To begin the install procedure:
 Insert the PRO/II DVD into the DVD drive.
 Browse to the root of the DVD and read release notes.
 Open PROII94 folder and double-click on the setup.exe to
begin the installation. The first screen you will see in the instal-
lation process is the prerequisites for the PRO/II installation.
 To continue, click Install.
Preparing to Install appears where Windows Installer
Configures.
The Welcome to InstallShield Wizard dialog box appears

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 2-1


 Click Next > to continue. End User License Agreement dialog
box appears.
 Choose I agree and click Next > to continue. The Destination
Folder dialog box appears
This box shows the default destination directory (C:\Program
Files|SIMSCI) of the PRO/II files and for shared SIMSCI
components, like CFI, SIM4MEPortal (C:\Program Files/
Common Files/ SIMSCI).
 To install PRO/II in this folder, click Next >.
 To install PRO/II in a different folder, click Change and
select another folder.
 To create a shortcut for PRO/II on the Desktop or on the
quick-launch bar, select the corresponding check boxes.

Note: If you are maintaining an older version of PRO/II Software


in the SIMSCI directory, place PRO/II version 9.4 in
another directory (e.g., \P2v93) to avoid any conflicts.
 Click Next > to continue. The Setup Type dialog box appears.
Choose Typical or Custom.

Installing a Local Version of PRO/II Software


To continue the Local PRO/II installation procedure:

Note: Users installing a Local version of PRO/II Software on


Windows VISTA/ 2008/ 7/ 8 must have system
administration privileges for the install to proceed properly.

 Select one of the two available local installation options:

Typical Installs only the PRO/II program, TDM,


UAS/PDTS, Multi Simulation Manager,
SIM4ME Portal and Reports, and Note-
pad++.

2-2 Installing PRO/II Software


Custom Installs components based on your
selection.You can install the Standalone
option from this option as well as the
individual components including the
Translator, PRO/II program, Chemistry
Wizard module, UAS, PDTS, Notepad++,
NIST REFPROP and Multi Simulation
Manager and OPCUA server.

Note: In PRO/II 9.1 and earlier versions, users needed to obtain a


license for REFPROP directly from NIST to use the
REFROP added method sets in fluid PRO/II. Users can
download and install the files via the SimSci Electronic
Software Distribution website.
 If you are performing a Custom installation:
 The Custom Setup dialog box appears to allow you to select
the components you want to install. The list box shows all
possible components. Click on the components you want
to install and note the change in required disk space. Click
Next >.

 If you are installing a Standalone option (directly or through the


Custom installation), the Security Option dialog box appears.
Select one of the four security options:

FNP 1111/ Allows PRO/II Software to go beyond the cur-


1112 rent machine to obtain licenses from another
machine (FNP 1111/1112 security server
machine) on the network.

FLEXNET Allows PRO/II Software to go beyond the cur-


11 rent machine to obtain licenses from another
machine (FLEXNET 11 security server machine)
on the network.

USB Utilizes a USB hardware key attached to the


USB port on the back of the current machine for
licensing purposes. Using this type, PRO/II Soft-
ware will only search this hardware key for
license(s).

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 2-3


TKN1111/ Allows PRO/II Software to go beyond the cur-
TKN1112 rent machine to obtain licenses from a TKN1111/
TKN1112 server on the network.

Tokennet Allows PRO/II Software to go beyond the cur-


rent machine to obtain licenses from a Tokennet
server on the network.

 If you chose FLEXNET 11, FNP1111/FNP1112, TKN


1111/TKN1112 or Tokennet, specify the prospective
IPASSI FLEXlm server(s) (e.g., @server1; @server2) to
guide PRO/II to find the FLEXlm server. Click Next > to
continue.

Note: Users choosing to install PRO/II in a Virtual Environment


must ensure that the security option is outside the Virtual
Environment.
 The Ready to Install Program dialog box appears. If you want
to review or change any settings, click < Back. If you are satis-
fied with the settings, click Install> to begin copying files.
 When your installation is complete, the InstallShield Wizard
Complete Installation dialog box appears.
 Click Finish to complete the Local installation.

Note: Setup determines if it is necessary to restart the computer. If


so, it asks whether you want to restart the system now or
later.
You should now test your PRO/II installation. Proceed to the
Testing PRO/II section for more information.

2-4 Installing PRO/II Software


Directory Structures and Desktop Icons
PRO/II Installed Directory Structure (Standalone)
The Standalone Installation will setup all PRO/II files under the
directories shown below.

C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII94 [Main PRO/II directory]


C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII94\USER [PRO/II user’s directory]
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII94\BIN [Binary files]
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII94\SYSTEM [System files]
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII94\RESOURCE [Resource files]
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII93\Manual [PRO/II Documentation]
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII93\HLP [Online help files]
C:\Program Files\OLI Systems\OLI Engine\ [Chemistry Wizard]
C:\Program Files\Notepad++ Notepad ++
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\PROII93\TDM [TDM files]

C:\Program Files\Common Files\SIM- [SIM4ME Portal files]


SCI\SIM4MEPortal24
C:\Program Files\SIMSCI\ [Multi Simulation Manager
MultiSimulationManager10 files]

C:\Program Files\Common Files\SIM- [SIMSCI Common


SCI\SIMSCICFI150 Framework Files

C:\Program Files\Common Files\CAPE-OPEN [CAPE OPEN Files]

A typical installation creates the following icons:


 PRO/II 9.4
 PRO/II Documentation
 Licensing Management Tool
 LM Column Target Interface
 P2View
 PROII 9.4 PDTS Applications Command Prompt
 Ternary Plots
 SIM4ME Portal 2.4
 Library Registration Repair Tool
Other icons may appear depending upon the install options chosen.
For example, installing the OLI Chemistry Wizard adds an icon.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 2-5


The PRO/II 9.4 files are set up under various directories as per the
standards defined by Microsoft.

Types of Files Directories

All the executable (*.exe and *.dll) and C:\Program Files\SIMSCI


user non-modifiable files such as
documentation and support files

Application settings C:\ProgramData (this folder is OS spe-


cific)

User specific application settings such as %Appdata% (this folder is OS specific)


PROII.ini
C:\Users\%USERPROFILE%\App-
Data\Roaming\ SimSci\PROII93 (For Win
7, 8, and Vista)

User specific files in USER folder My Documents (this folder is OS specific)


For example:
C:\Users\%USERPROFILE%\Docu-
ments\SIMSCI\PROII94 (for Win 7 and
Vista)

PROII.ini file C: \Program Files \SIM-


SCI\PROII94\SYSTEM

Setup file: "SetupNewUser.exe" C: \Program Files \SIMSCI\PROII94\BIN

The SetupNewUser.exe file, upon its execution while installing


PRO/II, creates:
 A copy of PROII.ini in %APPDATA%\SIMSCI\PROII94\
 A copy of USER folder, which has example files, in My
Documents\SIMSCI\PROII94\
 A copy of proii.err and proii.sp1 (available in BIN folder) in
My Documents\SIMSCI\PROII94\PDTS\
 A copy of the .ini files related to user added unit ops such as
ace.ini, Ex1Uop.ini, EXCELUOP.ini, furnace.ini, PPUOP.ini
in %APPDATA%\SIMSCI\PROII94\

2-6 Installing PRO/II Software


Testing PRO/II
As a simple test of your PRO/II system, open PRO/II Software,
import the input file G3 and run it. This will let you utilize PRO/II’s
flowsheet capability and give you a sense of how PRO/II will run.
To test the PRO/II system:
 Click Start and select Programs/SIMSCI/PROII94/PROII 9.4.
A Welcome to PRO/II screen appears which provides you with
basic information on the user interface.

Note: SIMSCI is the default directory and is used for illustrative


purposes in the remainder of the chapter. If you chose
another directory (e.g., P2v94), use that directory name in
place of SIMSCI.
 Click OK to continue.
 Select File/Import from the menu bar.
 Select G3.INP in the Import Keyword File window and click
Open. A window will appear showing the import of problem
G3 PRO/II Main Window.

 Click the Run button on the toolbar to begin calculations.


 Click Run Simulation on the Flowsheet Status dialog box to
continue.

Reviewing the Results


When the simulation is complete, a RUN COMPLETED message
appears in the G3 Solved window.

Generate an Output Report


To generate an output report for the sample problem:
 Click the Output button on the toolbar to generate an output
file. The stream and process unit results are shown in a win-
dow.
Compare the results to those in the file G3.CHK, located in the
\SIMSCI\PROII94\USER directory.

Converting Files
This version of PRO/II Software automatically detects the file
version and runs the PRO/II converter for upgrades. To convert
simulation files:

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 2-7


 Launch PRO/II Software with PROVISION®
 On the File menu, use the Open item to display the Open dia-
log. Enter the name of a file to convert. Click Open.
Preserving calculated values to initialize convergence:
Both file conversion by schema and file conversion by
keywords will lose calculated values. Difficult to convert
simulations will have to start from user supplied initial
estimates which will take longer, or may result in non-
convergence. To preserve the calculated values they have to be
transferred to the input description. To do that it is first
necessary to open the file in the original version, perform an
Input/Update Estimates/All and Save prior to conversion. If
that version is not on the current computer you need to install it
or do the update on another computer that has that version.
Schema vs Keyword Migration:
"Use schema translation in the conversion process" will result
in files being converted using the database translation as done
in versions prior to v9.4. Since UOM conversion factors have
improved precision in v9.4 some user entries in non-SI units
may have changed values in the 6th significant figures which
become noticeable when round numbers are entered.
"Use the embedded keyword file in the conversion process"
will result in PRO/II importing the backup keyword file
embedded in the .prz (available since v8.1). This tends to
preserve rounded number entries. If the user entered data in SI
units which are the same as internally stored units, and entered
more than 5 significant figures, precision may be lost since
older keyword files did not persist the full precision on export.
This method also cleans the database from potential memory
issues carried from one version to the next. It is important in
keyword to update the estimates before migrating as mentioned
above to initialize convergence.
Note: Several processing methods, such as the order of searching
component data banks, or methods for characterizing assays,
change over time with the release of newer versions of PRO/
II. Running in key word mode usually does not inform the
user of such changes. The PROVISION Graphical User
Interface traps these changes and displays dialogs. This
allows users to choose options that either (a) retain the older

2-8 Installing PRO/II Software


options or (b) updates the simulation to use current defaults.
These choices of necessity require user interaction with the
dialogs.

Modifying/Repairing/Removing PRO/II Software


You can modify/repair/remove PRO/II Software by accessing Add/
Remove Programs located in the Control Panel (on the Start menu
of the Windows operating system), or by executing the setup.exe
program located in the root directory of the PRO/II DVD.
Depending on what version you have installed, the following item
will appear in the Control Panel Add/Remove Programs Window:

 SimSci PRO/II 9.4.

 Selecting the option (listed above) and clicking on the Change/


Remove button will give you the opportunity to remove or add
components, repair or modify the PRO/II configuration, or
even uninstall the whole product.

Note: The order of uninstalling components and/or creating files


under the PRO/II tree may cause certain single files to
remain on the disk. After uninstalling a component, check
the corresponding installation directory for remaining files
and delete them manually.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 2-9


2-10 Installing PRO/II Software
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting Licensing Issue

For information on how to troubleshoot licensing issues, please


refer to chapter 4 (for FlexNet Publisher licensing issues) and
chapter 5 (for USB licensing issues) in
SIM4ME_LicenseSecurity_UserGuide.pdf, which is available
under CFI folders. For example, for VC 9.0 32-bit CFI 5.0, this file
exists in the Bin folder as shown below.

OLI Chemistry Wizard License Security


The Chemistry Wizard application is a product of OLI Systems,
Inc, an independent development alliance partner of Simulation
Sciences Inc.. Installation of Chemistry Wizard application is
discussed in the OLI Chemistry Wizard User Guide. Installation
includes registering the serial number of the product. Sometimes,
the serial number may need to be changed. This may be due to
installation of a new version of PRO/II or of the Chemistry Wizard
application, licensing new component data from OLI Systems, or
merely as part of a license renewal.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 3-1


Changing the Chemistry Wizard Serial Number
This discussion assumes the PRO/II installation is complete, and
the Chemistry Wizard version 3.1 is installed and functional. The
PRO/II install program provides a serial number that is valid only as
a partial license. However, it allows access to the MSE option in the
Chemistry Wizard application.
 Obtain a new serial number from OLI, Inc. Invensys cannot
provide full licenses for all the OLI products that can be used
by PRO/II. Refer to the Chemistry Wizard User Guide for
instructions.
 Create a .dbs file using the MSE option.
 Start the OLI Chemistry Wizard application and choose the
MSE option.
 Give the database file a name and add some components.
Save the database file, being sure to remember the file name
and the location where it is stored.
 Close Chemistry Wizard application.
 Run PRO/II Software to change the serial number.
 Start PRO/II. On the Input menu, select Thermodynamic
Data...
 Set up PRO/II Software to use the MSE data base.
In the Thermodynamic Data dialog, highlight a system in the
Defined Systems: dialogue; then clock the Modify... button.
Highlight Electrolyte in the Category field and User-Added Mod-
els 7.0 in the Electrolyte System: field. Press the Add button
add it to the simulation. It should show up as a User method
in the Defined Systems: list box. This should activate the Mod-
ify button, typically bordered in red.
 Click the Modify... button to open the Thermodynamic Data
- Modification data entry window. Near the bottom of the
window should be a field labelled DBS File Name:. Near it
should be a Browse... button.
 To select the .dbs file (created above using the MSE option):
 Click the Browse... button and navigate to the directory
where the data file is stored.
 Select the data file.

3-2 Troubleshooting Licensing Issue


 Close all Thermodynamic data DEW’s to return to the main
PFD window of PRO/II Software. Ther probably will be
some messages about generating lists of electrolyte compo-
nents. These may be ignored for now.
 Run the simulation in PRO/II Software.
 Press the RUN button (either on the RUN palette or on the
main tool bar).

At this point PRO/II should request the serial number.


Enter the new serial number as requested.
Press OK repeatedly to exit all dialogue windows.
Close PRO/II and restart the application for the change to take
effect.
If the serial number is not requested, contact a PRO/II support
representative.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 3-3


3-4 Troubleshooting Licensing Issue
Chapter 4
Tutorial : Introduction

What can PRO/II Software do?


PRO/II Software is a comprehensive process simulation program
that runs as a Windows™ compliant application under Windows 7,
Windows 8, or Windows VISTA. All its powerful simulation
features, familiar to process engineers worldwide, are combined
with the ease of the PROVISION Windows™ interface. Steady-
state process flowsheets that include process units such as rigorous
distillation columns, compressors, reactors, heat exchangers,
mixers, and so on, may be built and simulated using PRO/II
Software. It is designed to meet all your simulation needs, from
simple single-unit models to complete plants of almost any
complexity.

Simulation Status Conventions


PRO/II’s PROVISION interface contains a unique feature to assist
you in building a process flowsheet. Buttons, icons, and in some
cases, entire screens are bordered in one of six colors: red, green,
blue, yellow, gray, or black. They are used to indicate the status of
data. The significance of each color is explained in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1: Color Significance

Color Significance
Red Required data. Actions or data required.
Green Optional or default data.
Blue Data you have supplied
Yellow Questionable data. A warning that a data value you
supplied is outside the normal range.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 4-1


Gray Data field is not available to you
Black Data entry is not required

How is this Tutorial Organized?


A hands-on approach has been taken and three sample sessions are
provided. The first session simulates a minimal set of process units
in a gas processing application. These include a flash drum, a
valve, and an expander. If you are a new user of PRO/II Software,
you are advised to work through all of Session 1: Separator.
In Session 2: Complete Expander Plant, additional process units
are added to complete an entire demethanizer/expander plant
simulation. In each session, step-by-step instructions enable you to
build the simulation, use the Process Flow Diagram (PFD) drawing
tools to manipulate the flowsheet, run the simulation, and review
the results. At each step, an illustration of the PROVISION display
screen is provided.
Session 3: Presentation of Output is designed to introduce some
of the many tools that PRO/II Software provides, to organize,
format, and review results from the first two sessions. Many
features are new or improved in version 9.4.

Where to Start?
PRO/II Software users, at all levels of experience, will benefit
greatly from working with this tutorial. If you are a first-time user,
you should work using this Getting Started Guide. Although not
recommended, experienced users may skip the Getting Started
Guide and move on to the User’s Guide.

Where to Find Additional Help?


Detailed online HELP screens are provided by the PROVISION
Graphical User Interface to assist you in building a flowsheet.
These screens describe the use of each button, icon, etc., and supply
brief descriptions of the calculation methods available.
Sample PRO/II problems for refinery, gas processing, and
petrochemical applications may be found in the PRO/II Application
Briefs Manual. The PRO/II Reference Manual provides details on
the basic equations and calculation methods used in the program. If
you cannot find an answer to your problem in these documents,
please contact your local PRO/II sales or support representative.

4-2 Tutorial : Introduction


Description of the Problem
A demethanizer column is being used to remove methane from a
product gas stream in an expander plant. Changes in the upstream
process units have resulted in fluctuations in the composition of the
inlet gas stream to the expander plant. Your job is to make sure the
liquid product purity specifications are maintained. In addition, the
production department is interested in knowing how this feed
composition change will affect the following:
The process flowsheet is shown in Figure 4-1, and the feed
composition is presented in Table 4-2.

Note: Both Sessions 1 and 2 assume that ENGLISH units of


measure were selected as the default units for input and output
data.
Figure 4-1: Expander Plant Flowsheet

Table 4-2: Feed Stream Information

Component Mole% Component Mole%


Nitrogen 7.91 NButane 2.44
Methane 73.05 IPentane 0.69
Ethane 7.68 Pentane 0.82

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 4-3


Propane 5.69 Hexane 0.42
IButane 0.99 Heptane 0.31
Flow rate (m3/s) 8.0
Temperature (F) 120.0
Pressure (psia) 602.7

How to Proceed?
Let’s get started with using PRO/II Software. Session 1 simulates
only three process units of the flowsheet shown in Figure 4-1. By
working through this exercise, you will gain familiarity with the
basic features of the simulator. You can complete the simulation of
the entire flowsheet by continuing with Session 2, which
demonstrates advanced features of PRO/II Software and
introduces some of the PFD tools. Finally, Session 3 explores some
of the tools to analyze the results of the simulation.
Some users may wish to jump right in and skip some (or all) of this
tutorial. At any time, whenever you are comfortable using the
program, feel free to leave the tutorial and begin working on your
own simulations.

4-4 Tutorial : Introduction


Chapter 5
Session 1: Separator

Three process units—the separator, liquid pressure valve, and


expander will be simulated in this first tutorial session. The reduced
plant process flowsheet for this session is shown in Figure 5-1. The
composition of the feed to the flash drum is identical to the feed
stream to the gas–gas heat exchanger in Figure 5-1. This feed
composition is given in Table 5-1.
Figure 5-1: Excerpt from Plant Flowsheet Diagram

Starting PRO/II Software


1. From the Start menu, point to All Programs, click SIMSCI, and
then click PROII9.4

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-1


Building the Flowsheet (required)
2. First, open a new flowsheet.
3. Select New from the File menu.
An empty Untitled [Flowsheet] process flow diagram (PFD)
window appears for laying down your process simulation as shown
in Figure 5-2. The toolbar appears below the menu bar and above
the main PFD window. Using the toolbar icons reduces the number
of mouse actions required for a selection.
Figure 5-2: PRO/II’s Graphical User Interface

The floating PFD palette, for adding streams and units, appears first
at the right of the flowsheet window. The floating PFD palette may
be moved anywhere on the desktop by clicking on its title bar,
holding the left mouse button down, and dragging it to its new
location. The floating Run palette can be relocated in the same
manner.

Process Units
Start building the process flowsheet for this session by laying down
each process unit and stream, one by one, on the PFD. Use
Figure 5-3 as a guide.
4. For separator F1, move the mouse cursor to the floating PFD
palette and click Flash icon.

5-2 Session 1: Separator


5. To add the unit, click anywhere on the main PFD window.
6. Scroll down the PFD palette to select an expander (EX1) and
place it on the PFD.
7. Repeat the procedure for valve (V1).
Figure 5-3: Adding Process Units to the PFD

Moving icons around on the main PFD window is easy.


8. Place the cursor on an icon, press and hold the left mouse but-
ton, and drag it to a new location.
9. Release the mouse button to “drop” the icon at the position of
the mouse cursor.
10. Connect the unit operations by adding process streams to the
PFD. Process streams define the heat and material flow of the
simulation.

Process Streams
To add process streams:

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-3


11. Click Streams on the floating PFD palette. The cursor changes
to an arrow with an “S” attached. You can now add streams to
your flowsheet. Notice that all possible OUTLET ports appear
on each unit as soon as Streams is selected. The required outlet
ports are colored red, while the optional ones are green.
Figure 5-4: The PFD: Process Units and Streams

12. Add streams by clicking at the origin of the stream (often an


outlet port). To lay down an external feed stream, click on an
unoccupied part of the PFD. The cursor remains attached to the
stream, which is now anchored to the origin point.
13. Click again at the destination of the stream (often an inlet por-
tion a unit icon). Continue until all streams have been added to
the PFD as shown in Figure 5-4..

Note: As soon as you click a stream’s origin point, the OUTLET


ports disappear. Only the valid INLET ports appear and are
colored red.
14. Click Streams again or press the ESC key to exit the streams
mode.

Note: By default, the names of the process units and streams are
automatically assigned by the program. For example, S1 for the
first stream, F1 for the first flash drum unit, V1 for the first valve,
and so on.
At this point, it is worth noting that the unsatisfied data are
indicated on the PFD. Units that have unsatisfied internal data (all

5-4 Session 1: Separator


of them in this flowsheet, at this point) have red identification
strings, F1, bordered in red. Streams for which data must be
supplied (external feed streams) also have red identifiers, S1,
bordered in red. Internal (connecting) and product streams have
black identifiers, S2, bordered in black.

Note: Units that have unsatisfied connectivity requirements (i.e.,


missing feeds or an insufficient number of product streams) also
have red identifiers bordered in red.

Correcting the PFD Diagram


Let us now experiment with adjusting the PFD diagram. Some
icons may not be positioned exactly where you would like them to
be. Perhaps, there are some unwanted icons such as extra streams. It
is simple to adjust the layout. Here are a few ways to try out:
15. To move an icon, highlight it, press and hold the left mouse
key, and drag the icon to its new location. Streams are moved
by highlighting either ends and dragging them. Only the end
that you highlight moves when you drag it; the other end
remains anchored.
16. To refresh the PFD quickly, select Redraw from the View menu.
17. To open the menu that provides a variety of options such as
Delete, Rotate, and Flip (among others), right-click the icon.
18. To activate the Data Entry dialog box, double-click the icon.

Defining the Component List (required)


The feed is composed of the paraffins - methane through heptane,
and nitrogen. All these components are found in the extensive
PRO/II component databanks. To define the component list, open
the Component Selection dialog box by using either of the
following methods:

19. Click the benzene molecule icon outlined in red, on the


toolbar.

Note: The red color of the icon border indicates that data entry is
required.
20. On the Input menu, click Component Selection. The Compo-
nent Selection window appears.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-5


Figure 5-5: Selecting Components

21. Enter the first component, Nitrogen, in the Component field.


This is illustrated in Figure 5-6.
Figure 5-6: Component Selection Window

22. Click Add -> to move this component to the Component Name/
Alias field (see Figure 5-7).

5-6 Session 1: Separator


Figure 5-7: Component Selection Window

23. Repeat the previous two steps for each of the other compo-
nents: METHANE, ETHANE, PROPANE, IBUTANE, NBU-
TANE, IPENTANE, PENTANE, HEXANE, and HEPTANE
(these are the valid library component names).
Figure 5-8 illustrates the display after all the components are added.
Figure 5-8: Component Selection Window

Note: The border of the Component Name/Alias is now blue. This


color indicates that data requirements were satisfied with user-
supplied data.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-7


24. There are no red-bordered fields, indicating no additional
required entries. Click OK to exit this window.

Note: It is possible to select components without typing their


names.
25. Click Select from Lists… the Component Selection - List/
Search window appears.
26. In the Component Selection - List/Search window, select a
group of components from the Component Family list, select
the required components from the consequent list that appears
in Component Full Name section, and click Add Components.
All the newly added components appear in Additions to Com-
ponent List section.
All the components in this example are included in the Most
Commonly Used list.
27. Click OK. The selected components are added to the simula-
tion.

Defining a Thermodynamic Method Set (required)


The method used to calculate equilibrium K-values and liquid and
vapor phase enthalpies will be the Peng-Robinson equation of state
(EOS). It provides good results for systems of similar components
such as all the paraffins system in this exercise. The
noncondensable component Nitrogen should not be a problem at the
anticipated operating conditions.
To select the thermodynamic method, open the Thermodynamic
Data dialog box using one of the following procedures:

28. Click the equilibrium diagram icon outlined in red, on the


toolbar, to select from a list of common thermodynamic meth-
ods, generalized correlations, liquid activity methods, special
packages, user-added, or equation of state methods.
Or
29. On the Input menu, click Thermodynamic Data.

5-8 Session 1: Separator


Figure 5-9: Defining Thermodynamic Methods

This opens the Thermodynamic Data dialog box illustrated in


Figure 5-10. It offers many systems of thermodynamic calculation
methods. For example, the predefined Peng-Robinson
thermodynamic system uses the Peng-Robinson cubic equation of
state to calculate K-values, liquid and vapor phase enthalpies and
entropies, and vapor phase densities. It uses API methods to
calculate liquid densities. To select a predefined thermodynamic
system of methods within the Thermodynamic Data window:
30. Select Most Commonly Used option from the list labeled Cate-
gory.
31. Select Peng-Robinson from the Primary Method list box, as
shown in Figure 5-10.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-9


Figure 5-10: Thermodynamic Data Entry Window

32. Click Add-> to include this method set in the list of Defined
Systems (see Figure 5-11).

Note: Since we have included only a single method set, it serves


as the Default System (see Figure 5-11). You may set or change
the default system whenever more than one method set is included
in a simulation.
Figure 5-11: The Completed Thermodynamic Data Entry Window

33. Click OK from the Thermodynamic Data window.

5-10 Session 1: Separator


Note: PRO/II Software offers extensive options to modify the
predefined method sets. The rather well behaved system of
components in the current exercise will be adequately modeled
using an unmodified, predefined method set.
The Modify button in Figure 5-11 opens up a cascading series of
dialog boxes that allow you to customize any predefined system.
The options are extensive, but are beyond the scope of this tutorial.
To use this feature, highlight a thermodynamic set in the Defined
Systems list and click Modify to open the Modification dialog box.
To delete a method set from the simulation, highlight it in the
Defined Systems list and click Delete. Remember that every
simulation requires at least one thermodynamic method set to be
listed in the Defined Systems list.

Specifying Unit Operation and Stream Data (required)


The process units and streams on the PFD require configuration and
operating data before the simulation can proceed. As the model
builder, you must open each icon and supply the required data.
Every unit operation icon requires some data. In addition, the
“source” streams that feed into the flowsheet require complete data.
Streams that originate as products from unit operations will be
computed automatically as the simulation solves. To open the main
data entry window of any icon, use any one of the following
procedures:
34. Position the cursor on an icon and double-click the left mouse
button. The main data entry window for the icon opens.
35. Position the cursor on an icon and single-click the right mouse
button to display the options menu. Left-click Data Entry …
on the menu to open the icon’s main data entry window.
36. Select a unit or stream by clicking its corresponding icon and
open its main data entry window by clicking Data Entry on the
Input menu.
There is no particular order necessary for data entry; start at any
unit operation or stream. When specifying stream data for this
example problem, only feed stream S1 requires data to be supplied.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-11


Analyzing the Data Requirements
Let us consider the feed gas stream, S1. In the PFD flowsheet,
stream S1 feeds separator F1. In the overall flowsheet of Figure 5-
1, stream 1 feeds heat exchanger E1 and stream 10 directly feeds
separator F1. Streams 1 and 10 have the same composition, but
have different temperatures and pressures.
For now, assume stream S1 on our PFD corresponds to stream 1 in
Figure 5-1, even though it feeds separator F1 and not heat
exchanger E1. To accommodate this, stream S1 will be given the
composition of stream 1, but will use the required temperature from
the chiller (-84F). In addition, the pressure will be set to match the
outlet pressure of chiller E2 (587.7 psia). Adjustments will be made
later in Session 2.

Stream Data
As noted above, stream S1 must be adjusted to work properly in our
simplified flowsheet. Table 5-1 shows the adjusted data for stream
S1.
Table 5-1: Feed Stream Information

Component Mole% Component Mole%


Nitrogen 7.91 NButane 2.44
Methane 73.05 IPentane 0.69
Ethane 7.68 Pentane 0.82
Propane 5.69 Hexane 0.42
IButane 0.99 Heptane 0.31
Flow rate (m3 /s) 8.0
Temperature (F) -84.0
Pressure (psia) 587.7

Double-click stream S1 to open the Stream Data dialog box


(Figure 5-12).

5-12 Session 1: Separator


Figure 5-12: The Stream Data Entry Window

37. Enter data in the red-bordered data entry fields. Optionally, you
may enter the description FEED for this stream.
To enter flow rate and composition data:
Click Flowrate and composition.
Select Total Fluid Flowrate in the Fluid Flowrate Specification
group box, and specify value 8 for the total stream flow rate as
shown in Figure 5-13.
Figure 5-13: The Stream Data Flowrate and Composition Window

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-13


The rate we have entered has the units of pound-moles per hour.
However, Table 5-1 indicates that the rate should be eight cubic
meters per second. It is simple to change the dimensional units of
this field.
To change the dimensional units:
38. Click to highlight the rate field (where 8.0000 are displayed).
39. Click UOM (upper-left in this DEW) to open the Convert
Units-of-Measure window as shown in Figure 5-14.
Figure 5-14: Convert Units-of-Measure Window

40. Select Vapor Volume (Vap. Vol.) from the Basis list box. Select
m3 from the second column, and sec from the third column.
41. Click Change Units to return to the Stream Data Flowrate and
Composition window.
42. Fill in the fields for each component in the Composition Mole
list, using the mole percentages listed in Table 5-1 (see
Figure 5-15).

5-14 Session 1: Separator


Figure 5-15: Stream Data-Flowrate and Composition DEW

43. Press TAB to move to the next field. For example, enter 7.91
for Nitrogen. Press TAB and enter 73.05 for methane, and so
on. Figure 5-15 shows the filled-in values through Pentane. If
desired, use the scroll bar to move through the list.
44. After the composition data has been entered, click OK to return
to the main Stream Data window.
To specify the feed stream temperature and pressure:
45. For the First Specification data field, select Temperature
option, as shown in Figure 5-16.
46. Enter the temperature value of –84.

Note: The UOM is F.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-15


Figure 5-16: Stream Data DEW

47. Choose Pressure from the Second Specification drop-down list


box and enter a value of 587.7 (psia). The completed Stream
Data window should appear as in Figure 5-17.
Figure 5-17: The Completed Stream Data Entry Window

48. No fields remain bordered in red, so, click OK to return to the


PFD view.

5-16 Session 1: Separator


Unit Operations Data
Supplying data for each unit operation is similar to supplying
stream data. Let’s start with the flash drum unit, labeled F1.
49. Double-click the flash drum unit icon on the PFD to open the
main Flash Drum data entry window. Optionally, type in a unit
description. For example, SEPARATOR.

Note: The border of the pressure drop data field is colored green.
An entry here is not required because PRO/II automatically
assumes a default pressure drop of 0.0 psi if you do not enter
either a pressure or a pressure drop value.
50. Click Unit Specification and select Duty as the second specifi-
cation for the flash drum. A default value of 0.0 is provided by
PRO/II Software for this duty. Note the green border.
Figure 5-18: The Flash Drum Data Entry Window

Figure 5-18 illustrates the completed Flash Drum main DEW. There
are no red-bordered areas left that require data.
51. Click OK to continue.

Saving the Simulation


52. Save the data and flowsheet entered so far and give the simula-
tion a name.
53. From the File menu on the main PRO/II window, select Save
As... (see Figure 5-19)

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-17


Figure 5-19: Saving Simulation Data

54. Supply a name for the simulation data file by typing


SESSION1.
55. If desired, use the drop-down navigation window to select a
storage directory.
56. Click OK to continue. The main PRO/II PFD window now
should look similar to Figure 5-20.
Figure 5-20: The Main PRO/II with PROVISION Window

Note: The unit identifier for the flash drum unit, F1, is no longer
bordered in red. This means that all process data required for this
unit has been specified.
57. Continue entering data for the other process units.

5-18 Session 1: Separator


To provide data for the Valve:
58. Double-click the valve icon on the PFD to bring up the Valve
data entry window.
Figure 5-21: The Valve Data Entry Window

Optionally, you may enter a description for the unit. For e.g.,
VALVE.
59. Select the Outlet Pressure option in the Operating Parameter
field and enter the value of 125 psia.
60. Click OK to return to the main window. The completed Valve
data entry window is shown in Figure 5-21.
To provide data for the Expander:
61. Double-click the expander icon to open the Expander unit data
entry window. Optionally, you may enter a description for the
unit, e.g., EXPANDER.
62. Select the Outlet Pressure option in the Pressure and Work
Specifications field and input a value of 125 psia.
63. Change the Adiabatic Efficiency entry from its default value of
100% to 80% as shown in Figure 5-22.
64. Click OK to continue.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-19


Figure 5-22: The Completed Expander Data Entry Window

The main PRO/II window will now look like Figure 5-23
Figure 5-23: PRO/II After Input of all Required Data

Note: There are no remaining toolbar icons, unit identifiers, or


stream identifiers bordered in red. That means all process data
required for this flowsheet have been specified.
65. Save the simulation data file again under the name SESSION1
by selecting Save under the File menu.
66. Run the simulation.

5-20 Session 1: Separator


Running the Simulation (required)
Once the flowsheet is built, and all the required data has been
entered, you may run the simulation.

• Click Run on the main PRO/II toolbar to begin the


calculations.
Alternatively, you can more closely control the simulation via the
Run palette. From the Run palette, you can:
67. Click Status to bring up the Flowsheet Status window. This
window displays the errors or warning messages generated by
the flowsheet data.
68. Correct the errors in your flowsheet.
If there are no errors or warnings, the Status button will be outlined
in black. To continue to run the simulation from this point:

• Click Run on the Run palette to begin the calculations.


In a few seconds, you are ready to review the results.

Reviewing the Simulation Results


As PRO/II Software performs the flowsheet calculations, the color
of each PFD icon changes from green to blue.
69. Click Messages on the Run palette to display the Messages
window. The Messages window contains a scrollable history of
the completed calculation steps.
70. Click Messages again to close the Messages window.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-21


Viewing the Output Report
You must instruct PRO/II to create the output report before it can
be viewed.

71. Click on the toolbar to bring up the Generate Report for


Session1 window.
Once PRO/II completes the output report generation, the stream
and unit operation results (in file SESSION1.OUT) automatically
appear in a Programmer’s File Editor window (see Figure 5-24).
Figure 5-24: Viewing Output Reports Using Programmer’s™ File Editor

Note: The The Notepad++ program is the default editor for


viewing output reports. Use the scroll bar to view the output
72. While in the Notepad++ window, select the Print option from
the File menu to print the output, if desired.
73. Select the Exit option from the File menu in the Notepad++ to
close the output report.

5-22 Session 1: Separator


Using the Flash Tool (optional)
PRO/II contains a useful tool that allows you to quickly perform a
flash calculation on a stream where the input data has been
provided.This Flash Hot-key provides an easy, rapid way to
determine the vapor and liquid content and composition of any
stream.
Let’s use this tool to determine the amount of vapor and liquid in
stream S1, the feed to the separator F1:
74. Click stream S1 to highlight.

75. Click the Flash Hot-key button on the toolbar.


A window displaying the stream condition, including the vapor and
liquid mole fraction, enthalpy, and the composition in each phase
(see Figure 5-25) appears. This information is saved in a file each
time the flash tool executes.
Figure 5-25: Flash Results for Stream S1

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 5-23


This completes Session 1 of the tutorial. You may take a break if
you want to. If you continue with Session 2, you will learn about
other interesting PRO/II features, including the following:
76. Displaying different views of a single flowsheet (e.g., full and
magnified views) in multiple viewport windows.
77. Using the Specification and Define features.
78. Entering data for a column.
79. Changing the default dimensional units.
80. Modifying the thermodynamic property calculation methods.
Taking Session 2 is not a prerequisite for using PRO/II Software.
You could end your tutorial session here and begin working on your
own simulations. On the other hand, you can come back to the
tutorial any time, if you decide to continue later.

5-24 Session 1: Separator


Chapter 6
Session 2: Complete Expander Plant

In this tutorial session, the complete demethanizer expander plant


shown in Figure 6-1 will be simulated. We will continue working
with the flowsheet created in Session 1, laying down the remaining
unit operations and streams on the PFD.

Building the Flowsheet (required)


To begin this session, PRO/II Software needs to be running the
simulation from session 1.
To open the flowsheet previously saved under the name Session 1:
1. Select Open from the File menu on the main PDF window.
2. Select the file SESSION1.PRZ from the files listed in the drop-
down list box.
PRO/II loads this database file and displays the flowsheet from
Session 1 on the PFD. All the data previously entered in all the Data
Entry Windows is still there.
If the PFD palette is not displayed:

• Click the PFD Hide/Display button on the toolbar.


To hide or display the Run palette:
3. Select Palettes from the View menu and uncheck the Run
option. To bring the Run palette back into view, recheck the
Run option from ViewPalettes menu.
4. With Figure 6-1 as a guide, add the missing unit operations to
the PFD.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-1


5. Select the additional process units - two heat exchangers, a
compressor and a column - and place them on the PFD.

Note: To add multiple process units of a particular type, click the


unit icon on the PFD palette. Then, hold down the <Shift> key
while clicking the PFD.
6. When the column is placed on the PFD, PRO/II Software dis-
plays an additional window that requires you to specify the
number of trays. Specify 10 trays.
7. Include a reboiler by making sure a check mark appears in the
Reboiler check box.
8. Omit the condenser by clicking the Condenser check box to
remove the check mark. The complete window is illustrated in
Figure 6-2.
Figure 6-1: Column Configuration Window

Your PFD should now appear similar to Figure 6-2. The placement
of the unit operation icons that you added probably will be different
from shown. If you previously ran Session 1 successfully, the unit
operations and streams (that already have been solved) appear in
dark blue.

6-2 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Note: The default title of the PFD window is simply “Flowsheet”,
but PRO/II Software allows you to change it. Position the cursor
anywhere in the PFD window. Click the right mouse button to
display Set Title... Click Set Title... to open the Set Window Title
DEW. Enter your new title and press OK. For this tutorial, we will
leave the name unchanged.
Figure 6-2: PFD with Additional Process Units

PRO/II Software allows you to open multiple view windows of the


simulation PFD drawing. This feature allows you to view the
process units easily on large flowsheets.
To open a second view of the flowsheet PFD, and to tile both
windows horizontally, either:
9. Select New View from the Window menu on the main PRO/II
menu bar to bring up the Flowsheet:2 window.
or

10. Click on the main PRO/II toolbar to bring up the Flow-


sheet:2 window.
11. Next, open the Window menu on the main PRO/II menu bar
and select Tile Horizontally.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-3


Note: The New View button may not be visible on the
toolbar, since not all the available icons will fit if the window has
been resized or the toolbar has been modified. It is simple to add,
remove, or rearrange items on the tool bar. Click the View menu
Toolbar… item to open the Toolbar Customization dialog box.
Make sure New View is in the Selected Items list box. Use the Up,
Down, Top, and Bottom buttons to rearrange the items. Toolbar
icons display left-to-right, corresponding to the top-to-bottom
order of entries in the Selected Items list box.
To view the entire PFD in the Flowsheet:1 window, and to focus on
the two heat exchangers in the Flowsheet:2 window, follow the
steps below:
12. To select the Flowsheet:1 window, click on its title bar.

13. Click on the toolbar to view the entire flowsheet in win-


dow Flowsheet:1.
14. Select the Flowsheet:2 window by clicking on its title bar.

15. Click on the toolbar of the main PRO/II window. The


cursor changes to a magnifying glass.
16. Move the (magnifying glass) cursor to the Flowsheet:2 win-
dow.
17. Click and hold down the left mouse button near the two heat
exchangers.
18. While holding down the left mouse button, drag the mouse
until the two heat exchangers are enclosed in a blue selection
rectangle.
19. Release the mouse button. The area bounded by the selection
rectangle zooms to fill the entire Flowsheet:2 window
(see Figure 6-3).

6-4 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Figure 6-3: PFD with Multiple View Windows

20. Click Streams on the floating PFD palette and lay down the fol-
lowing streams:
• A connector stream from the top of the demethanizer col-
umn to the inlet of one side of the first heat exchanger.
• A connector stream from the outlet of this side of the heat
exchanger to the inlet of the compressor unit.
• A product stream from the outlet of the compressor unit.
• A connector stream from the second outlet of the first heat
exchanger to the inlet of the second heat exchanger.
• A product stream from the outlet of the second heat
exchanger.
• A product stream from the reboiler of the column unit.

Note: Lay down streams that connect units visible in the different
view windows by pulling the stream from one view to the other.
This is especially helpful for large flowsheets.
You can now close the second window, Flowsheet:2, and maximize
the Flowsheet:1 window.
21. Double-click the control-menu box of Flowsheet:2 to close it.
22. Click the maximize button of the Flowsheet:1 window to maxi-
mize it.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-5


The PFD should look similar to Figure 6-4 after all the units and
streams have been added.
Figure 6-4: PFD with Complete Flowsheet

As mentioned in Session 1, the composition of the feed stream to


the first unit (the gas–gas heat exchanger) is identical in
composition to the stream already laid down as the feed to the flash
drum, S1. To avoid repeating all data entry steps for the feed to the
first process unit, we disconnect this stream from the flash drum
unit, and reconnect it to the first heat exchanger by following these
steps:
23. Move the mouse to the end of stream S1 attached to the flash
drum. The mouse pointer should change from a left arrow to a
right arrow when the pointer is very close to the end of the
stream.
24. Click and hold the left mouse button, and move the end of
stream S1 to the inlet of the first heat exchanger E1.
25. Release the mouse button. The feed stream should now be
reconnected to the heat exchanger E1.

Note: To move the origin of a feed stream (stream S1 for


example), click on the arrow for that stream. Hold the left mouse
button down and pull the stream to its new horizontal position
before releasing the mouse button.

6-6 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


26. Repeat the steps above to connect the outlet stream from the
expander EX1 to tray 1 of the column unit. Again, repeat the
same steps to connect the outlet stream from the valve unit to
tray 3 of the column, and to connect the outlet of the second
heat exchanger to the inlet of the flash drum.
We have now completely built the flowsheet for the total
demethanizer/ expander plant as shown in Figure 6-5 below.
Figure 6-5: Reconnected PFD for Complete Flowsheet

Note: There are no stream identifiers bordered in red, since we


have merely reconnected the previously defined flash drum feed to
the gas–gas heat exchanger.
Before you can run this simulation, you need to provide data for the
four units whose identifiers are bordered in red — the two heat
exchangers, the compressor, and the column — and change the
temperature and pressure of stream S1.

Modifying the Stream Data (required)


To change the temperature of stream S1 from -84°F to 120°F, and
the pressure from 587.7 psia to 602.7 psia:
27. Double-click stream S1 on the PFD. The Stream Data window
for this stream appears.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-7


28. Change the temperature in the First Specification field from -
84°F to 120°F.
29. Change the pressure in the Second Specification field from
587.7 psia to 602.7 psia. The modified Stream Data window
appears as shown in Figure 6-6.
Figure 6-6: Modified Stream Data Window for Stream S1

30. Click OK to save the changes and continue.

Specifying the Process Unit Data (required)


Heat Exchangers
Begin by specifying process data for the first heat exchanger, E1:
31. To select E1, double-click its icon on the PFD. The Heat
Exchanger data entry window as shown in Figure 6-7 appears.
32. Optionally, type in GAS-GAS HX as the unit description.

6-8 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Figure 6-7: The Gas–Gas Heat Exchanger Data Entry Window

33. Use Process Stream… to specify whether the process inlet and
outlet streams are on the cold or hot side.
34. Click Process Stream… in the Hot Side field. The Heat
Exchanger-Process Streams data entry window appears as in
Figure 6-8.
Figure 6-8: HX-Process Streams

35. Select stream S1 (the reconnected feed stream) to feed the hot
side, and stream S9 (the feed to the second heat exchanger) as
the hot side product.
36. Select stream S6 (the column overhead) as the feed to the cold
side, and stream S7 (the compressor feed) as the cold side prod-
uct.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-9


37. Return to the main data entry window for unit E1. The hot side
inlet—cold side outlet stream temperature approach is required
to be 10°F.
38. Select Specification…on the Heat Exchanger data entry win-
dow. The Heat Exchanger Specifications window shown in
Figure 6-9 appears.
39. Select the Hot Inlet—Cold Outlet Temperature Approach speci-
fication option from the Specification drop-down list box and
enter a value of 10°F.
Figure 6-9: The Heat Exchanger-Specifications Window

40. Return to the main Heat Exchanger data entry window and
input a hot side pressure drop value of 10 psi and a cold side
pressure drop value of 5 psi in the appropriate Pressure Drop
data entry fields (see Figure 6-10).
Figure 6-10: The Heat Exchanger Data Entry Window

6-10 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


41. After returning to the PFD, enter data for the second heat
exchanger, E2, by repeating the steps above (see Figure 6-10
and Figure 6-11).
Figure 6-11: The Chiller Data Entry Window

42. Optionally, give this heat exchanger the description CHILLER


This heat exchanger is required to further cool the gas feed S9 down
to –84°F with a pressure drop of 5 psi across the hot side of the
exchanger (see Figure 6-11 and Figure 6-12.
Figure 6-12: The Chiller Specifications Window

After all the required data has been entered, the data entry window
for this exchanger should appear as shown in Figure 6-13.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-11


Figure 6-13: Chiller Data Entry Window

Compressor
43. Double-click the compressor icon (C1) to open the main data
entry window for this unit (see Figure 6-14).
44. Enter the compressor adiabatic efficiency as 75% in the Effi-
ciency or Temperature Specification field.
Figure 6-14: Compressor Main Data Entry Window

The work done on the compressed gas in unit C1 should equal the
work done by the gas in the expander EX1. This specification may
be made through the DEFINE feature of PRO/II Software:
45. Select Work from the Pressure, Work, or Head Specification
drop-down list box.

6-12 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


46. Click once in the data entry field directly beside the Pressure,
Work or Head Specification drop-down list box.
47. Click Define (see Figure 6-14), which is now active on the data
entry window toolbar. This brings up the Definition data entry
window (see Figure 6-15).
Figure 6-15: Compressor Definition Window

48. Click the check box for Set Up Definition for Compressor
Work.
49. Click the red-linked text Parameter to bring up the Parameter
window.
50. Select Expander unit EX1 the Constant/Stream/Unit drop-down
list box in the Parameter window (see Figure 6-16).
Figure 6-16: Parameter Window

51. Click the red-linked text Parameter... in the Parameter win-


dow to bring up the Parameter Selection window (see
Figure 6-17).
52. Select Actual Work from the Parameter data entry field (see
Figure 6-17).

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-13


Figure 6-17: Parameter Selection Window

Figure 6-16 through Figure 6-19 show the completed Parameter,


Definition, and Compressor data entry windows.
Figure 6-18: Completed Parameter Window

53. Click OK to return to the Definition window (Figure 6-19).


Figure 6-19: Completed Definition Window

6-14 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


54. Click OK to return to the main Compressor data entry window
shown in Figure 6-20.
Figure 6-20: Completed Compressor Data Entry Window

55. Click OK to save the data and return to the main PFD window.

Column
The red label T1 of the column indicates data entry is required.
56. Double-click any part of the column icon on the PFD to open
the main data entry window for this unit.

Note: The Pressure Profile, Feeds and Products, and Performance


Specifications buttons on the icon are red, indicating required user
input.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-15


Figure 6-21: Column Main Data Entry Window

57. Click to specify the phase and tray location of the


feed and product streams. The Column Feeds and Products
data entry window should appear.
58. Specify that stream S4 (the expander product) is fed to tray 1
and S5 (the valve product) fed to tray 3.
59. Enter a rate of 2000 lb-mol/hr for the overhead vapor product
S6 from tray 1. Refer Figure 6-22, which shows this window
with all the data filled in.
Figure 6-22: Column-Feeds and Products Data Entry Window

60. As soon as you click OK, PRO/II displays the Transfer to


Specification dialog box (see Figure 6-23).

6-16 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


This gives you the option to use the overhead rate just entered for
stream S6 as a performance specification. We are more interested in
the purity of the (liquid) bottoms product (stream S11 in this
example). We will enter a performance specification on that stream
very soon.
Figure 6-23: Transfer to Specification Option Window

61. Click NO to reject the option and return to the main Column
data entry window.

62. Click in the main Column data entry window to


specify the pressure of the top tray. The Column-Pressure Pro-
file window appears (see Figure 6-24).
Figure 6-24: Column Pressure Profile Data Entry Window

63. Specify a value of 125 psia for the top tray pressure in the
Overall Specification field. By accepting the default setting of
no pressure drop per tray, no other data is required. Figure 6-24
shows the complete window.
64. Click OK to return to the main Column data entry window.
We now need to specify that the methane (C1) to ethane (C2) ratio
in the bottoms product equals 0.015.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-17


65. Click on the main Column data entry window. This
opens the Column-Specifications and Variables window.
Figure 6-25: Column-Specifications and Variables Window

66. Click the check box for Add Specifications and Variables and
the Active check box on the right (see Figure 6-25).
67. Click the red-linked text Parameter... in the Specifications field
to bring up the Parameter window (see Figure 6-26).
68. Select Stream from the Stream/Unit drop-down list box. Select
the column bottoms product stream (S11) as in Figure 6-26.
Figure 6-26: Parameter Window

69. Click the red-linked text Parameter... to open the Parameter


Selection window.
70. Select Flowrate from the Parameter field and choose Selected
Components from the Flowrate field.
71. Select METHANE from both the Starting Component and End-
ing Component drop-down list boxes (see Figure 6-27).

6-18 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Figure 6-27: Parameter Selection Window

72. The completed Parameter window is shown in Figure 6-28.


Click OK to continue.
Figure 6-28: Completed Parameter Window

73. Click the green-linked text = sign in the Specifications field of


the Column Specifications and Variables window as shown in
Figure 6-29

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-19


Figure 6-29: Column Specifications and Variables Window

74. Click the division sign ‘/’ in the pop-up box. The resulting win-
dow should now appear as shown in Figure 6-30.
Figure 6-30: Column Specifications and Variables Window

75. Click the red-linked text Parameter in the Specifications field


to open the Parameter window.
76. Select Stream from the Constant/Stream/Unit drop-down list
box.
77. Next, select stream S11 (the bottom product) from the Stream
Name drop-down list box as shown in Figure 6-31.

6-20 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Figure 6-31: Parameter Window

78. Click the red-linked text Parameter... to open the Parameter


Selection window.
79. Select Flowrate from the Parameter field, Selected Compo-
nents from the Flowrate field, and ETHANE from both the
Starting Component and Ending Component drop-down list
boxes.
Figure 6-32: Completed Parameter Selection Window

80. Click OK to return to the Parameter window, which is now


complete (see Figure 6-33).
Figure 6-33: Completed Parameter Window

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-21


81. Click OK to return to the Specifications and Variables window.
Figure 6-34: Partially Completed Specification

82. Click the red-linked text value in the Specifications field of the
Column Specifications and Variables window. Enter a value of
0.015 in the data entry field that appears. Press ENTER or
Return (on your keyboard). Figure 6-35 shows the completed
column purity specification on the bottoms product.

Note: No elements of the specification are red.

Figure 6-35: Completed Specification

The column model in PRO/II Software requires a specific number


of degrees of freedom before it can solve successfully. Too many
degrees of freedom result in an indeterminate problem that cannot
be solved uniquely. Too few degrees of freedom indicate that the
problem is over-specified, and cannot solve because not all the
specifications can be met simultaneously. The PROVISION input

6-22 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


windows are designed to help ensure that the number of degrees of
freedom is correct, so that the model is properly defined.
Each specification that is declared removes one degree of freedom.
Each variable that is declared adds one degree of freedom. When
the number of variables equals the number of specifications, the
model is properly defined and can solve to a unique solution.
Since this column has one specification, it also requires one
variable. Looking at Figure 6-36, we see that PRO/II Software has
(by default) added the reboiler duty as a variable. This is an
acceptable choice for the needs of this simulation, and we will not
alter it in this tutorial.
If you wish to explore the available variables, click the blue-linked
text Column T1 Duty of Heater REBOILER in the Variables
field. This opens the Variable window shown in Figure 6-36.
Figure 6-36: Variable Window

83. Click the blue-linked text Duty of Heater REBOILER to view


the Parameter Selection window.
PRO/II Software has already selected Heat Duty from the
Parameter list and has entered the REBOILER in the Heater field
by default (see Figure 6-37).

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-23


Figure 6-37: Completed Parameter Selection Window

84. Press Cancel to return to the Variable window.


85. Press Cancel to return to the Specifications and Variables win-
dow.
86. Press Cancel to return to the main column data entry window,
as illustrated above in Figure 6-31. No elements are displayed
in red, so the column does not require more data.
87. Click OK to save the data and exit the column.
The main PRO/II window now is illustrated in Figure 6-38.
Figure 6-38: The PFD After Input of All Required Data

6-24 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Note: There are no remaining toolbar icons, unit identifiers, or
stream identifiers bordered in red. This means that all process data
required for this flowsheet have been supplied.
88. Save the completed data file under the new name SESSION 2.
Use the Save As… option from the File menu. Run the simula-
tion.

Running the Simulation (required)


PRO/II provides a visual cue that the flowsheet is satisfied and
ready to run by turning the border surrounding the run button from
red to unbordered.

Note: Unit operations previously solved in Session 1 are colored


dark blue. New units added to the PFD are green in color. The
flash unit also turns to a green color, since the feed stream to this
unit has been redefined.
To run the simulation:

89. Click Run on the toolbar.


90. When there are errors, warnings or messages to report a mes-
sage box will pop up to inform prior to executing the simula-
tion. Should that occur, correct your flowsheet if necessary, or,
if there are no errors and you determine the messages to be
acceptable, click Continue to proceed with the simulation.

Note: To quickly stop the calculations, click on the toolbar.

Reviewing the Simulation Results


As PRO/II Software performs the flowsheet calculations, the
colors of the PFD icons change. The units and streams will all be
blue in color when the flowsheet calculations are completed
successfully. Units and streams that are unsolved or have problems
will appear red, or yellow.
The Messages window contains a scrolling history of the
calculation steps as each step completes. Select the View/Messages

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 6-25


menu item to bring up the Messages window. You may have to
resize the main PFD window if the Messages window is hidden.
This window will contain a scrolling history of the calculation steps
completed. To view the output report,

• Click on the toolbar to bring up the Generate Report


for Session 2 window.
The stream and process unit results are automatically shown in a
Programmer’s File Editor window. They have been written to disk
storage in the file SESSION2.OUT.

Modifying the Simulation Defaults


In addition to the options presented in Sessions 1 and 2,
PRO/II Software provides you with a number of optional data entry
windows where you can specify your simulation preferences.
PRO/II Software is flexible in allowing you to:
91. Input a problem description for the simulation.
92. Specify the input and output default dimensional sets of units.
93. Modify the chosen thermodynamic system of methods set.
Chapter 4, Building a Flowsheet of the PRO/II User’s Guide
presents step-by-step procedures for setting and changing the PRO/
II global and simulation defaults.

6-26 Session 2: Complete Expander Plant


Chapter 7
Session 3: Presentation of Output

In this third tutorial session, you will learn how to use the tools
available in PRO/II Software to produce output for use in a report
about the completed demethanizer/expander plant that you
simulated in the previous sessions. The following reporting options
will be illustrated:
1. Changing the stream border style on the PFD.
2. Displaying properties such as temperature and pressure, on the
PFD.
3. Cut and paste the flowsheet PFD to your report.
4. Setting up pages on the PFD for printing or exporting the PFD
in pages.
5. Viewing the stream results in HTML format with a standard
viewer.
6. Creating stream reports and plots in Excel Workbook.

Modifying the Flowsheet Stream Border Style


Rearranging the icons, as shown in Figure 7-1, can clean up the
PFD drawing. We are now ready to modify the stream border style
to match a company standard for PFD drawings. The standard
requires stream numbers to appear inside circle-shaped borders
instead of rectangles.
To change the border of stream labels:
7. Right-click a stream. This displays the pop-up “actions” menu
shown in Figure 8-1

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-1


Figure 7-1: Rearranged PFD Drawing

8. Choose Display... from the pop-up actions menu to open the


Stream Style window (Figure 7-2)
9. Choose Circle from the drop-down list box for the Stream
Label Border.
Figure 7-2: Stream Style Window

10. Click OK to return to the PFD. You will see the style of the
stream label change for the selected stream.

Note: You may select each stream individually or several streams


at once. To make changes to multiple streams, simply drag a
selection rectangle around the area containing the desired streams
before right-clicking.

7-2 Session 3: Presentation of Output


To use the circle border as the default border for subsequent streams
on the PDF:
11. Choose OptionsDrawing Defaults Stream Display... on the
main menu bar. This opens the Stream Style window
(Figure 7-3).
12. Choose Circle from the drop-down list box for the Stream
Label Border.
This option is available only when the Name option for Stream
Label Type is selected.
Figure 7-3: Default Stream Style Window

13. Click OK to return to the PFD.

Displaying Stream Properties on the PFD


To display stream properties for individual streams on the PFD:
14. Select a stream, then right-click on it to display the right mouse
menu.
15. Choose Display... to open the Stream Style window.
16. Select stream properties from the drop-down list box for Stream
Label Type.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-3


The default Property List is the Property Label List, which displays
the stream name, the temperature, the pressure, and the flow rate of
the stream.
Figure 7-4: Stream Style Window

Figure 7-5 illustrates the PFD drawing after applying the Property
Label List to streams S1 and S8.
Figure 7-5: The PFD Using Stream Property Lists for Stream Labels

7-4 Session 3: Presentation of Output


Note: The Property Label List is the simplest and smallest of
about a dozen predefined stream property lists that can be
displayed for streams. These lists should be used selectively, since
they can occupy a lot of PFD “real estate”
If the resolution of the display makes it difficult to read the property
lists, use PRO/II’s Zoom feature to enlarge the table. Simply press
PgUp to increase the resolution until the size of the text is
comfortable to read.

Note: It is also possible to create custom stream properties lists.


Choose Stream Property Lists… from the Options menu on the
main PRO/II menu bar. This opens the Define Stream Property
List dialog box. Analogous tools are available for displaying
properties of unit operations.

Exporting the PFD to the Windows Clipboard


PRO/II Software provides the option to copy the PFD drawing to
the Windows clipboard. From the clipboard, it is simple to paste
the drawing in any word-processing or report-writing program,
such as Microsoft Word or Corel WordPerfect.
To export the PFD to the clipboard:
17. Choose FileExport from the main PRO/II menu bar.
18. Click the radio button for Flowsheet Drawing.
19. Click OK. PRO/II Software displays a dialog box confirming
that the flowsheet has been exported to the clipboard.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-5


Figure 7-6: Flowsheet Exported to the Clipboard

Note: The PRO/II PFD Export feature produces a high quality


rendering of the PFD drawing. Only the contents of the PFD
window are captured. This is superior to the standard Windows
Alt+PrtSc screen capture, which is limited to the display terminal
resolution and captures the entire PRO/II program window.

Producing a Stream Report in a Spreadsheet


PRO/II Software can produce a preformatted stream report in
Microsoft Excel Workbook. Figure 7-7 shows part of a stream
report from the demethanizer flowsheet simulated in the previous
tutorial sessions.
Select the item ToolsSpreadsheet Stream Properties from the
main PRO/II window. The stream report is automatically formatted
and displayed in Excel Workbook.

7-6 Session 3: Presentation of Output


Figure 7-7: Stream Report in Excel Workbook

Note: Microsoft Excel Workbook must be configured to allow


macros before this export feature will work. In Excel Workbook ,
navigate to ToolsMacroSecurity and ensure the security level
is set to Medium (preferred) or Low. Next, close Excel
WOrkbook to force the change to take effect.

Creating Pages for Printing the PFD


If your flowsheet is large, you may want to break the PFD into
separate pages. To create one or more pages on the flowsheet PFD:
20. Select the DrawPage from the main PRO/II window.
21. Click the left mouse button at the location where you want to
place a corner of the page.
22. Hold down the mouse button and drag the cursor to the desired
page size.
23. Release the mouse button and the page outline will be drawn on
the PFD as shown in Figure 7-8.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-7


Figure 7-8: Page Outline on a PFD

You can resize this page or make this page one cell in a grid of
pages. To make changes to the page style:
24. Double-click the left mouse button on the page boundary to
bring up the Page Setup window, as shown in Figure 7-9.
Figure 7-9: Page Setup window

7-8 Session 3: Presentation of Output


As you did for the entire PFD, you can also select pages of the
flowsheet PFD and export them to the clipboard. Choose the radio
button Selected Page of Flowsheet Drawing from the Export
window (see Figure 7-6). Figure 7-10 shows the result of exporting
the page from the PFD and pasting it in MS Word.
Figure 7-10: Page Shown in Figure 7-8, in MS Word

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-9


Figure 7-11: Export of the Page Shown in Figure 7-8, in MS Word

Creating Plots
PRO/II Software has built-in plotting capability, which can be used
to paste Excel plots directly into your reports. In the demethanizer
flowsheet, you may want to view the column profiles.
To set up your plot options:
25. Select the OptionsPlot Setup... from the main PRO/II win-
dow.
26. Choose the running Excel version from the drop-down list box.
27. Click OK to return to the PFD.
To create a plot:
28. Select the OutputGenerate Plot from the main PRO/II win-
dow to display the PRO/II - Generate Plot window, as shown in
Figure 7-12.
29. Select column T1 from the list displayed in the Units for Selec-
tion group box.
30. Select the type of plot you want to generate from the Available
Plots list.

7-10 Session 3: Presentation of Output


31. Click Plot... to create the Excel plot. Output is shown in
Figure 7-12.
Figure 7-12: Generate Plot Window

Figure 7-13: Column Profile Plot Created in Excel Workbook

Displaying Stream Results in HTML


You can display stream results in HTML format using your default
browser or the viewer provided by PRO/II Software. To change to
the viewer:
32. Select OptionsViewer from the main PRO/II menu. PRO/II
Software will display the Viewer window as shown in
Figure 7-14.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-11


33. Click the radio button Viewer in the Display Results Using:
group box and click OK to return to the PFD.
34. Select the stream for which you want to view the results.
35. Right-click on the stream and choose View Results from the
menu. On the other hand, you can select the stream and click
View on the toolbar. An HTML viewer window containing the
stream results similar to Figure 7-15 will appear.
The HTML files are written to the C:\Windows\Temp directory.
Your default browser may also allow you to print, save, or export
the results to other formats.
Figure 7-14: Viewer window

7-12 Session 3: Presentation of Output


Figure 7-15: View Results window with PRO/II HTML Viewer

Block Diagrams
For large flowsheets, you may want to organize the flowsheet with
subflowsheets. This is done using the PRO/II block diagram
feature.
To create a block diagram:
36. Drag a selection rectangle around the section of the flowsheet
containing the heat exchangers and the compressor, as illus-
trated in Figure 7-16.
37. Right-click and select the Collapse item from the right mouse
menu. The selection will be collapsed into a block diagram
(called BD1 by default) as shown in Figure 7-17.
38. Use the View 2 option, as described in Session 2, to view the
unit operations within the block diagram in a separate view.
Simply double-click on the block diagram to expand the icon.
Block diagrams can also be nested.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-13


Figure 7-16: Selected Area of PFD

Figure 7-17: Selected Section Collapsed into a Block Diagram

7-14 Session 3: Presentation of Output


Figure 7-18: View 1 is the top level PFD. BD1-View 1 is the block diagram BD1

This completes Session 3 of the tutorial. In this session, you have


learnt some of the features that allow you to transfer your PRO/II
results to reports and other applications. Your tutorial session ends
here. Good luck working on your own flowsheets.

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide 7-15


7-16 Session 3: Presentation of Output
Index

A Connect
units, 5-4
Connectivity
Adding
unsatisfied, 5-5
units, 5-2, 5-3
Converting
older simulation databases, 2-7
B Custom installation
PRO/II, 2-3

Bordered items
color coded, 4-1, 5-4, 5-13, 6-7, 6-25 D
Building the Flowsheet
units, 5-2, 5-3
Data bases
Converting older, 2-7
C Desktop
Icons, 2-5
Dimensional units
Chemistry Wizard
setting local units, 5-14
OLI, 2-1, 2-5, 3-1
Directory Structure, 2-5
Colors
color coded items, 4-1, 5-4, 5-13, 6-7, 6-25 Directory structure
PRO/II, 2-5
Column
condenser, 6-2 Disk space
feeds and products, 6-16 PRO/II Requirements, 1-3
overhead, 6-16 Documentation
pressure profile, 6-17 online Help system, 1-iii
reboiler, 6-2 online PDF files, 1-iii
trays, 6-2
Compiler Requirements, 1-2
Composition
E
defining stream, 5-13
composition, 5-1 Electrolytes
Compressor Chemistry Wizard, 2-1
adiabatic efficiency, 6-12 Expander
define, 6-13 adiabatic efficiency, 5-19
main data entry window, 6-12 outlet pressure, 5-19
work, 6-12

PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide I-1


F media, 1-1
Testing PRO/II, 2-7
Installation Requirements, 1-1
Feed stream
composition, 5-13 Installing
main data entry window, 5-12 PRO/II, 2-1
Feeds, 5-5
File L
Opening, 6-1
FLEXlm
Library components, 5-7
Security, 1-4
security, 1-4 Linked text, 6-13
FLEXNET 11, 2-3
Floating PFD palette, 5-2 M
Flow rate
modifying units of measure, 5-14
Maintenance
Flowsheet, 5-2
Modify, repair, remove, 2-9
connectivity, 5-5
Messages window, 5-21, 6-25
Modify
G PRO/II, 2-9

Gas-gas heat exchanger, 6-8 N


GUI
color coded items, 4-1, 5-4, 5-13, 6-7, 6-25
Notepad, 5-23

H
O
Hardware Requirements, 1-3
OLI
Hardware requirements, 1-2
Chemistry Wizard, 2-1, 2-5, 3-1
Heat exchangers
Online documentation, 1-iv
hot product temperature, 6-10
specifications, 6-10 Opening a file, 6-1
specifying process streams, 6-9 Operating System
Help Requirements, 1-2, 1-3
online help, 1-iv Options
PRO/II
Selecting security, 2-3
I Security, 1-4
Output
Icons Report generation, 2-7
desktop, 2-5 sample problem, 2-7
PRO/II, 2-5
Install
Default directory, 2-5 P
Local Version of PRO/II, 2-2
Installation Package contents, 1-1
Custom, 2-3

Index I-2
PaletteSee PFD palette, 6-5 S
PFD palette, 6-5
PRO/II Security
color coded items, 4-1, 5-4, 5-13, 6-7, 6-25 FLEXlm, 1-4
Custom installation, 2-3 OLI Chem Wizard, 3-1
default directory structure, 2-5 options, 1-4
icons, 2-5 Selecting for PRO/II, 2-3
Install Local Version, 2-2
Software Requirements, 1-3
Installation testing, 2-7
Installing, 2-1 Software requirements, 1-2
Modify, repair. remove, 2-9 Streams
Output Report products, 5-11
generation, 2-7 Structure
Reviewing results, 2-7 Default directory, 2-5
Sample output, 2-7 Directory, 2-5
Security, Selecting, 2-3
PRO/II Requirements
Disk Space, 1-3 T
Process flow diagram, 4-2
Process unit Technical support centers, 1-vi
description, 5-17 Testing
program, 4-4 PRO/II installation, 2-7
PROVISION Tokennet, 2-4
color coded items, 4-1, 5-4, 5-13, 6-7, 6-25

U
R
Unsatisfied connectivity, 5-5
Reconnecting streams, 6-6 USB
Remove security, 1-4
PRO/II, 2-9
Repair
PRO/II, 2-9
V
Report
Output generation, 2-7 Valve
Sample problem output, 2-7 outlet pressure, 5-19
Reqirements Viewing output reports, 6-26
Operating System, 1-2 Viewports
Requirements multiple windows, 6-3
Fortran Compiler, 1-2
PRO/II Disk Space, 1-3
Results W
Reviewing, 2-7
results, 4-4 Wizard
OLI Chemistry, 2-1, 2-5, 3-1

I-3 PRO/II 9.4 Getting Started Guide