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MHI FM 21-30

Copy 2
WAR DEPARTMENT

BASIC FIELD MANUAL

CONVENTIONAL SIGNS, MILITARY


SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

vj
1
FM 21-30
BASIC FIELD MANUAL

CONVENTIONAL SIGNS,
MILITARY SYMBOLS, AND
ABBREVIATIONS

Prepared under direction of the


Chief of Engineers

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1941

For Mle by the Superintendent of Documents. Washington, D. C.


WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON, November 26, 1941.
PM 21-30, Basic Field Manual, Conventional Signs, Military
Symbols, and Abbreviations, is published for the information
and guidance of all concerned.
[A. G. 062.11 (7-7-41).]
BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OP WAR:
G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :
E. S. ADAMS,
Major General,
The Adjutant General.
DISTRIBUTION:
B and H (5); R (10); Bn (5), 1 (10); C (10).
(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.)
TABLE OP CONTENTS

SECTION I. General. Paragraph Page


Purpose..—._....———————. 1 1
Scope.. — — ------ ——— ——— — . 2 1
II. General topographic symbols.
Characteristics__————-.-———. 3 1
List____________________ 4 2
III. Symbols for air navigation maps.
Characteristics__—————-...—— 5 18
List____________________ 6 18
IV. Military symbols.
General rules....——————. —— -- 7 20
List of basic symbols—————— — —— 8 22
Application of special symbols.-_- 9 33
V. General abbreviations.
General use.___———... — —.... 10 44
Use with hydrographic symbols. _— 11 45
VI. Military abbreviations.
List____________________ 12 47
Examples——....—----- — ———— 13 61
APPENDIX. List of references_——-----_________... 64
INDEX .. ————— — — — —————————— ... — ......—— 65

nx
FM 21-50
BASIC FIELD MANUAL
CONVENTIONAL SIGNS. MILITARY SYMBOLS, AND
ABBREVIATIONS

This manual supersedes FM 21-30, August 1, 1939, and Training


Circular No. 48, War Department, 1941.
SECTION I
GENERAL
• 1. PURPOSE.—This manual is intended to supply the in
formation required by the map reader. Persons engaged in
the preparation of maps should be guided by AB 300-15,
TM 5-230, and by Bulletin 788, Topographical Instructions
of the United States Geological Survey.
• 2. SCOPE.—This manual shows in convenient form the
abbreviations and general symbols which have been author
ized for military use. The general topographical symbols in
section II, the symbols intended for air navigation maps
only in section III, and the general abbreviations in section
V have been approved by the Federal Board of Maps and
Surveys and are prescribed for use on all United States maps.
Symbols of a purely military nature prescribed by the War
Department are given in section IV and special abbreviations
authorized for military use, in section VI. Symbols other
than those herein authorized may be used, provided they do
not conflict with any authorized symbols and are explained
in a suitable legend on the map.
SECTION II
GENERAL TOPOGRAPHIC SYMBOLS
• 3. CHARACTERISTICS.—a. Size.—In general, symbols resemble
the objects which they represent. The symbols vary in size
with the scale of the map. On small-scale maps, symbols
are reduced to their most elementary form and do not con
form to scale. As the scale is increased, the symbols assume
the shape and scaled size of the object represented.
b. Color.—The symbols are shown in appropriate color for
a four-color map. When less than four colors are used, the
symbols shown in paragraph 4 in the colors not used will
be executed in black ink.
1
3-4 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

c. Lettering.—VERTICAL ROMAN type indicates civil di


visions, SLANT ROMAN type (or italic) indicates natural
water features, VERTICAL GOTHIC type indicates natural
land features, and SLANT GOTHIC type indicates works
of man. Lettering, either mechanical or freehand on mili
tary maps hastily prepared, may vary considerably from
these types. Likewise, marginal data as indicated in para
graph 4c will not be nearly as complete on military sketches.
• 4. LIST.—a. Works and structures.
Canal, ditch, or open aqueduct-.————__J _
Canal, abandoned——————————————— _______
Buried aqueduct or water pipe.

Aqueduct or canal in tunnel


Canal lock (point upstream)_________.__--_--- — -L
Canal lock (large scale) ____________________
Good motor____________ =====
Poor motor or private_______ ===============
On small-scale maps_————_ _________
Routes usually traveled are further classified by red
overprinting as follows:
Hard impervious surfaces.
or
Roads • other surface improvements—_.
or

U. S. Route State Route

(Date of road information shown in margin on


tactical maps.)
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 4

Good pack trail______________ _________.

Poor pack trail or footpath________ .........................

Railroad of any kind, small-scaled


maps.—___———__— I
Railroad single track, large-scale ( H ''''''''' *"
maps————_————————J
Double track__————__—— >. i i i i i i i i i i i i
Railroads Juxtaposition of_________ i.i.i.i.i.i.iiv.i.i.nv
Narrow gage___—___—— •.•••.•
Abandoned ____..._-___--..——— >_+ ^ ^-^ i-n-t +-t
Electric, passenger only___.

In road or street________ ??','-?,?«9

Railroad, crossing_———_______________
(grade—RR above—RR beneath)

Tunnel (railroad or road) ___————————— , , , , ^......( , , , ,

Railroad station of any kind_—_____. , , , , , , m , , , , , ,

On ground or poles-- T TTTTTTTT


Telegraph and tele-
phone lines ' Underground—..-. T_T_T_T_T_,_T_T_T

Submarine-—————. __________

Electric power transmission line—————. __..—.———.—._


4 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

General symbol.

Capacity in tons indicated by fig


ures.__————————————— M-fl-
Arrow denotes direction of flow _--——-—-] J

Drawbridges (on large-scale]


charts leave channel open)]
Bridges Truss (W, wood; S, steel;
G, girder; C, concrete)

Foot.

Suspension.

Arch.
•|* *
Ponton.

Ferries. f=r-»-•

General symbol (for vehicles)__.

Fords Equestrian-

Pedestrian__ _.

Dam——_—-________

Dam with lock-_——_.

Breakwater and jetty..___

Levee (standard symbol).


SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Levee (optional for War Department)._ ::H>n:ti

Revetment (optional for War Department)

Retards and dikes — ____________

River gage —————

Wharves and docks

Buildings in general____________.,

Ruins.

Cliff dwellings.

Church-
Church (optional symbol for nautical charts) ——————— *
Hospital___________________________———O
Schoolhouse ________________________— f «-«»„
Temple, pagoda——___________——_———— x •«*
Windmill______________.____________——— «
Port_______________________________X

. Sample combination showing city, town,


or village-___—-___________.

419767°
4 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

City, town, or village (generalized) —

Capital___.__ @
City, town, or village (small-scale maps). County seat———- ®
Other towns___ 0

Cemetery—______—_______——... [f^fj or._it]

Mine or quarry of any kind (or open cut).________ *

Prospect—_____.._„_--______________.___ x

Shaft________________________________ B

[Opening————_—__————_——___— A
Mine tunnel j
[Showing direction.-_——_—_—_—_ ^_

Oil or gas wells_______________________ Oooo 0

Tanks-...,.....—..„.__„„_..__.„„___.„„_. .£;;.

Coke ovens__________________________

/•Pence of any kind (or board fence) _


Stone.__..______.._____________
Fences < Worm____._____________________
Wire————————————__.——.
Hedge___.____________. •
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

b. Boundaries, marks, and monuments.


National, State, or Province line———__ __

County line.———_———————————. ——
Civil township, district, precinct, or barrio. __
Reservation line___————__—____. ——

Land-grant line—__———————————. —•

City, village, or borough————————__. ——


*
Cemetery, small park, etc—————————.
U. S. township, section, and quarter- (
section lines (any one for township]
line alone, any two for township and]-----
section lines) \_

Located U. S. township and section corners._ _{..


i
Boundary monument_——————______. ___B_ _ ———

Triangulation point or primary traverse station_————— A

Permanent bench mark (and elevation) _______——— BXM


1232

Precise bench mark__———————__——____——— P JJ M


1232

Intermediate bench mark (and elevation)—————_——— x 1232

U. S. mineral monument———__—______________ A
Observation spot (astronomic position)___________ «
Any located station or object (with explanatory note) ——__ o
c. Marginal information.—Where practicable the following
data are shown in the margins of all maps, photomaps, or
aerial photographs, and usually in the places indicated by
the encircled figures. On military maps, overlays, and field
7
CORPS OF ENGINEERS

sketches only the essentials of character, orientation, time,


source,, and scale are shown, and then not necessarily in the
margins. For detailed information on aerial photographs
see FM 30-21.

©
© y/- Descriptive title, name, and location.
©
2. file or index number.
3. Representative fraction and/or graphic scale.
_. Meridian and grid orientation.
5. Particular legend.
6. Contour interval.
7.
© 8.
9.
Maker and source of material.
Projection used.
Horizontal datum. H> ©
10. Vertical datun.
11. Control used.
12. Zones of military grid.
13. Designations of geographic grid.
UV. Designations of nUitary "grid.
15. Names and index of adjoining sheets.

^^^^^?^^
§>
© ® ® ®
®,
®@
©
d. Drainage.

Streams in general

Intermittent streams-

Probable drainage, unsurveyed__

Lake or pond in general____________________


(with or without tint, waterlining, etc.)

Salt pond (broken shore line if intermittent) _


Intermittent lake or pond___________.
SIOHS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Spring-

Wells and water tanks-

Palls and rapids_______

Contours (or as below).

Glaciers

Form lines showing flow.

e. Relief (shown by contours, form lines, hachures, or shad


ing as desired).
v
Contours (blue if under water).

Contours (approximate only).

Form lines (no definite interval).

Hachures.
4 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Depression contours. ———————————

Cuts-
Pills________.

Mine dump (ore).

Tailings————__.

Rocky (or use contours).

Bluffs,

Other than rocky (or use contours)

Sand and sand dunes -

For planimetric maps:

Ridge line-

Rim rock or escarpment——.————. ;/m<lf

Washes————__...._-
/. Land, classification.
Overflowed land-_~_

10
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Marsh in general (interior salt marshes


and coastal fresh marshes are to be in
dicated as such).

Cypress swamp.__———'____.

Woodland (or as shown below) __.

Woodland (or broadleaved trees).

Dense woods or jungle growth-_

Pine (or narrowleaved trees) ____

Palm________________

Palmetto_______———____.

Mangrove_____———————-.

11
CORPS OF KNGINRRS

Bamboo.

C?.CtUS-

Banana.

Orchard-

Grassland in general.

Tall tropical grass-

Cultivated fields in general-

Cotton.

i.j, -U-UJ. J; 1
tU.i~a-U.i-
Rice.
- ^
J . I ) \ i ;

12
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Sugar cane_

Corn

s'. Hydrography, dangers, and obstructions.


(•Surveyed---.—————-———-
Shorelines]
[Unsurveyed___________.

Land
In general-

Rocky ledges——

Shores (high and low


water lines and areas
between)
Coral reefs-
Land

>£•-.£. Land

Gravel and rocks

419767°- 13
CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Mud-

Shores (highland low


water lines and areas <
between)—Con.
Tidal flats.

Kelp or eel grass————————.

Ice limits (ice packs or barriers)

Bock under water.—————_———————————————— +

Rock awash (at any stage of the tide)——————————— *


Breakers along shore..——_————.--—~\CL-^^~~-~—-
Fishing stakes.___________________ m..........!.,.
;.....-.

Fish weir———————..————————————————— .-•""" Li

Overfalls and tide rips——_„—————— SS'^JL^JS—

Limiting danger line...——__

Whirlpools and eddies———————————————— (jjj\ (g)


Wreck (any portion of the hull or superstructure above
low water) ____—————___————___————— -_«£

Sunken wreck (dangerous to surface navigation)—__ ;±g?

14
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Sunken wreck (not dangerous to surface navigation nor


those over which the depth exceeds 10 fathoms) ______

Submarine cable______________
Current, not tidal, velocity 2 knots-
Special usage)—___———__
'Flood, iy_ knots—
Ebb, 1 knot.———
Tidal currents
Flood, second hour-
Ebb, third hour__________—
No bottom at 50 fathoms_______________——— fo
Depth curves:
1-fath'om or 6-foot line________. ........................«,/t&m:»,i:«>u,.
2-fathom or 12-foot line—-____. ................ «/»^«»^/a^
3-fathom or 18-foot line_____.. ..................™,™*,,,,.,.,/..
4-fathom line——__———__—. ....................................
5-fathom line_____—______. ...... ............... ..... .....
6-fathom line..______.____— - — —— —— —-
10-fathom line——____————_——— _._._._._._._._._._._
20-fathom line__________—. _.._.._.._.._.._.._.._.._
30-fathom line._____________. _..._..._..._..._..._..._....
40-fathom line_____________. ._...._...._...._..._...._.
50-fathom line.___________„ __....__...._...._.. -
100-fathom line____________. - ——————— --
h. Aids to navigation, etc.
Life-saving station (in general).-____——____—^ L.S.S
Life-saving station (Coast Guard)__________-.+ c.a. IBS

15
CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Lighthouse—————__--.——————————— ——— ————— £


Lighthouse on small-scale chart———————————————
(light sectors shown by dotted lines)
Light vessels showing number of mast lights—————— 4* 4t
Radio station_________________________ R -S-Q
Radio direction-finder station (radio compass station) — RQ.O
Radio tower_____..__.________...—_... R.T.O
Radio beacon____....______________.___ R.Bn.O
Water gage-,.—_.—————_—____——_——__—__ -o-
Lighted_____________. *
Beacons (sectors shown by
dotted lines) Not lighted (sample of _. 11111
distinctive top marks)
Buoy of any kind (or red buoy) __——._——_——_. ?
Black ____.______________._____. f
Striped horizontally (in general) __________ 0
Striped horizontally (red and black)—_______. ^
Striped vertically__________________ $
Checkered._————________________. $
Buoys,
Perch and square.—_____________
Perch and ball—__-__________. .
Whistling (or use first six symbols with _ , .JST^S**,,
word "whistling") ___________ ? .-o» »»»,<»>/.

Bell (or use first six symbols with word -


"bell") ___.___.__________ .
Lighted____________________.

16
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

(Of any kind (or for large vessel).._-


Anchorage <
[ For small vessels-
Mooring-______--__.
Range or bearing line..__
Track line__________
Drydock____________
Floating drydock_______.
Patent slip__________________________.
Leader cable..._____.______________ =========

17
5-6 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

SECTION III
SYMBOLS FOR AIR NAVIGATION MAPS
• 5. CHARACTERISTICS.—The conventional signs for use on air
navigation maps differ from those used on topographic maps
as follows:
a. The features on the ground which are easily discernible
from high altitudes are the ones which are emphasized on the
air navigation map and the other features are subordinated or
entirely omitted. In this way the aviator is provided with a
map showing landmarks visible from the air, permitting him
to direct his flight by these landmarks.
b. All symbols adopted are larger and more striking to the
eye so that the aviator may easily read his map under difficult
conditions.
B 6. LIST. (Symbols usually reproduced in Red)

Army, Navy, or Marine Corps field_________________

Commercial or municipal field __ _______

Department of Commerce intermediate field.

Marked auxiliary field ___________________ —j—

Airplane landing field, marked or emergency ———— _ ».'


(where not shown in plan nor by symbol indicating
characteristics)
Mooring mast ___ .. __ _______ __ _
Night lighting facilities ____________________ LF

Seaplane base with ramp, beach, and handling facilities_\

Anchorage with refueling and usual harbor facilities __ Jt»


Protected anchorage with limited facilities _________ t.

18
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Airway light beacon. _ ___ _ ___


(arrows indicate course lights)
Auxiliary airway light beacon, flashing

Airport light beacon with code light ______ _____


(within airport symbol)
Airport light beacon without code light
(within airport symbol)
Landmark light beacon with bearing projector _____
(arrow indicates fixed beam pointing to airport)
Landmark light beacon without bearing projector ____ .

Radio station with call letters and frequency Y " ° RS (wur IMO)
Radio direction-finder station with call letters and
frequency (radio-compass station). —————— o BCINOW 30101
Radio beacon with call letters ——————————— Q RBn(wRO)
Radio range beacon ——————————————————— Q RRBr,

[Single track _____ .___ —— . —i——————I


Railroads< Two or more tracks ————— . —H——————I
[Electric-— —————————— . H———i———i
Prohibited area.-______.

Prominent transmission line.

fMarked.
High explosive area
I Unmarked- __ - __________ &

Highway, prominent_____
Highway, less prominent-

19
6-7 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Road or trail, prominence uncertain_____


Oil well derrick___———_________

Obstruction_______________——————__——— 257
(numerals indicate height above ground in feet)

Prominent elevation-________———————_
(numerals indicate height in feet)
GRADIENT OF ELEVATIONS
MAXIMUM 9000 7000 6000 3000 2000 1000 0 FEET

SECTION IV
MILITARY SYMBOLS
• 7. GENERAL RULES.—a. Color.—When colors are used, mili
tary symbols representing objects in territory occupied or
controlled by our forces are shown in blue, and those in ter
ritory occupied or controlled by the enemy are shown in red.
The only exceptions are the following:
(1) Symbols for areas to be covered by friendly fire or gas,
although generally located in enemy territory, are executed
in blue.
(2) Symbols for gassed areas, wherever located, are always
executed in red.
b. Unit designations.—The positions of various letters,
numbers, or abbreviations designating definite units with
respect to the symbol representing the type of unit are as
follows:
(1) Serial numbers of armies and corps are placed within
the symbol for troop units when considered collectively.
Army is shown by number spelled out. Corps is shown by
roman numerals. Serial numbers of divisions, brigades, regi
ments, separate battalions, separate companies, or similar
separate units are placed on the right, using arable numerals.
When separate units are designated in this manner, the
number of the unit will be followed by an abbreviated ex
planation showing the size of the unit thus designated.
20
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 7

(2) Numbers designating battalions in a regiment are


shown on the left, using arable numerals.
(3) Letters designating companies, troops, or batteries are
in capitals and are shown on the left. Companies, troops,
batteries or platoons (not separate), and other elements of a
unit which are designated by name instead of by letter (for
example, "Antitank Company" or "Headquarters and Service
Troop"), are designated by the use of the proper abbreviation
on the left.
(4) Abbreviations for explanatory purposes are shown on
the right (see sec. VI). Abbreviations are used instead of
symbols to show information that cannot be indicated by a
single symbol.
(5) Calibers are shown by numbers and unit of measure, as
37-mm, 155-mm, 12-in., .50-in. and are usually placed under
the symbol. Often the unit of measure is omitted.
(6) In order to clarify the use of the various symbols and
to insure uniformity, the following diagrams are inserted as
a guide:
Symbol indicating
size
(a) Smaller unit Basic symbol Superior unit

Example: 1st Battalion, 2d Infantry.______


Symbol indicating
size
Division,
brigade,
(b) Company, Symbol of arm or regiment,
troop, _____service separate
battery. battalion,
flight Weapon separate
company.
Example: Battery E, 62d Coast Artillery, Antiair
craft, Machine Gun..————————————————.

419767'—42——4 21
7-8 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Symbol indicating
size
(c) Army or corps
Example: Second Army-
• 8. LIST OP BASIC SYMBOLS.—a. To indicate purpose or
character of activity.
Military post or station; command post or r—i
headquarters ____ ————— _ ————— [——
(lower end of staff terminates at location
of establishment represented)
Troop unit.. _____ .. _ __. — -. ———— | J
(On large-scale maps where troop units
can be shown to scale, this symbol
may be modified as follows so as to
show area occupied by units in column
or line and direction in which they
are facing:

Line
Airdrome

Airship hangar__ ___ —— - —— _ —— ——


Airship mooring mast— ———— — _ — — --
Airport (landing field) ——————————— -
Airport (landing field advanced) __ __ ——— . <~i<_.«dv
Autogiro —— __ — _ ______ _ _ _ — . —— g=r=>
Ammunition _ _ ___ _ __ . _______ — . £}

Arsenal ——— __ ___ _ ________ ___ —— |—^\

Arsenal (gas generating) .. _____ — _ — . ••

Balloon, ascension point__„_.__


22
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Balloon bed-————_———————————

Balloon barrage ascension point-—————.


Barrage.——___—_---__ ——— ——— — Blue |i59-mm HOW]
(size indicating the extent, and notation
indicating type)

Demolitions----—_-____-------— -.

Depot (supply point).-_———_— — -

(Temporary depot in combat zone).


Debarkation or embarkation point-
Dugout:
Isolated- ——— — — --_——
In trench system___--_--_-___--__-.
Gas-proof————_———— ——————— _ g G . fF
Entanglement:
Wire_____________________-
Concealed______________-__
Gas:
Area to be avoided_____---—----- "•<(

Area blanketed by smoke (time effective) _.


Area probably affected by gas cylinder
cloud___—_-___—-—-——————. [V
x-——
Area to be gassed, nonpersistent————. Blue
General hospital._______________

23
8 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Laboratory, experimental station, or proving


ground—______...__———__________

Leader gear_______________———.
(An energized cable which may be pro
vided to aid the safe pilotage of vessels
through free passages in mine fields.
Symbol is used on chart to show exact
location.)
Message center______________— Msg
Mines:
Individual (layout shown if practicable
or area included) ________----- 9 or V7'5'

Chemical land mine__ _______—— V

Contact mines___-_____________
(This symbol is used to indicate the
actual number of mines and their
locations. The arabic figures indi
cate the contemplated number of
mines in each line.)
Controlled mines______________
(This symbol Indicates one 19-mine
group, and a separate symbol is
used for each group. As it ap
pears here, the upper edge of this
page is assumed to be seaward;
and on charts the symbols should
be correspondingly placed. The
length of a mine group being 1800
feet, the symbol is drawn to scale.
Its position represents the contem
plated disposition of the mine
group.)
Mobilization point or area (capacity in
figures) —————————————————————————————————————

24
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 8

Net:
Torpedo net (with gate) _______________
Antisubmarine net (with gate) __________
Obstacle:
Individual _________________ X
Road block ———————————— _ ———— ^^
Bridge out ________________ . ^<
Post:
Observation- —— ___________ — . /\
Fixed underwater listening. ______ _. (IT)
Visual signal-- ——— __ _____ __ _-- OC
Point, any located (suitable description) — ————— . Q
Point, distributing:
For class I supplies.- __________ ———— . (3)dp
Ammunition —————— _____ __ ——————— . 'Jl,1 dp
Artillery ammunition —— __ _ __ —— —— ... U-Jdp
Small-arms ammunition ________ ———— . (I,1 dp
Water__—_ _ . ___ _ _____________ . (w) dp
Prisoners of war ———————— __ ___ — ————— PVI
Procurement district, headquarters _____ _ ___ . ^

Railway center.

Railhead ___________________________ . (_) r


Reception center. —
Replacement training center
25
8 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

School, commonly used —————— ——————————— £


Found occasionally on old maps ——— (f) nsH Dseh
Supply. (See Depot.)
Ammunition, all classes ———————————————— ||

Ammunition, artillery. ————————————— — — . £[

Ammunition, small arms


Class I ____ — —
Gas and oil ———— _
Water ____ _ __..

Trains (supply, motor) : 10

Animal-drawn ____________________ . ^} Anl

Railway
Searchlight

Sound locator.
Signal:
Radio station _ .... _ . — . ______ . ""J" or RSO
Direction-finder station (radio com
pass) ————————————————————————— Rco or "»

Intercept station... _ .. —— _____ _

Switching central _ . __________


Switching central (located at command
post) ___________________
Test station
• or cable terminal. _ _ _ T' n*mt
Wire on ground.— — —— — . ———— .
26
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Traffic:
One-way-
Two-way-
Tank:
Barrier...
Trap.
Trench for one squad- ——— ————— .____
(For each additional squad add one
traverse.)

Weather station.
b. To indicate arm or service or its activity.—These symbols
are placed within the symbols shown in a above when appro
priate, except when otherwise noted.
Air Corps
Airship

Balloon

Balloon (motorized)
Armored Force- _ __ —— ————————— ——— _ — — -_ C J
(When used with arm or service symbol, indicates
mechanized unit.)
Artillery
Cavalry:
Horse
Horse and mechanized

Mechanized __
Chemical Warfare Service.

27
8 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Coast Artillery:
Antiaircraft.—
Harbor Defense —————— —————————————— «HD
Railway __ _ --- _ _ -- ——————— ————— • • Ry
Tractor-drawn _ _.. ________ —————— -«CAi55-mm
Engineers — ————— ... — _ ————._ ————— — ——— E
Infantry __ — ____ .. ____ ________ ——————— X
Motorized _____________________ X Mtz
Parachute _____ _______________ — X Prcht
Medical Corps.... ____________ ———— _ — _|—
Military Police __ __ .. ___________ — __ — . MP
Ordnance Department. ___ ___ ________ ... $
Quartermaster Corps..... _ _ — __ ————— — .. Q
Bakery... _ ______ __________ . ___ — JX
Class I supplies.- __________ — ___ __. )
Gasoline and oil only _______________ *f
Remount Service _________________ . Q
Signal Corps—.— _____ ______________ S
Signal Corps (aviation) ________________ ._ <=^f=>
Tank Destroyer.. ____________ ________ . TD

Transportation Service ________________ . ®


Veterinary Corps. ____________________ . V
c. To indicate size of unit. —These symbols are placed above
the symbols shown in a above, or are used for indicating
boundaries as shown in d below.

28
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, ADD ABBREVIATIONS 8

Squad_____ —— —_—_____ __ - ____________


Section.—— ———————— _____ __ _ ____________
Platoon _________________________________________
Company, troop, battery, or Air Corps flight- — ___ _ (
Battalion, cavalry squadron, or Air Corps squadron. . 11
Regiment or group —————————————————— Hi
Brigade or Air Corps wing —————————————— x
Division or air force ————————————————— xx
Corps ——— ———————— ———— —————— — _ xxx
Army —————————————————————————— xxxx
Corps area, department, or section of communica
tions zone _ ——— _______ —— _ __ — ___ _____ ooo
Communications zone —————————— _ — __ — _ oooo
General Headquarters — _ ———— ____ __ _ ____ GHQ
Air Force Combat Command— __ _ ________ _ <=<=>CC
Soldier ————————————————— _ ————————— o
Automatic rifleman ——————— __ *. _ —— _ — o
Assistant leader, or second in command.—— —— e
Leader —— _ ————————————————————— _ •
Squad leader ———————— ———————————— •
d. To indicate boundaries and lines.
Bombardment aviation, light (limit of ra
dius of action) —————————————— — oo>»ombU)-
OHQ reconnaissance aviation (limit of zone
of reconnaissance) ___ _______ ____ .
Observation aviation (limit of zone of recon
naissance) :
Rear limit, army aviation.—- ____ _ **>2< obtn
Rear limit, corps aviation
419767 3-
8 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Air force reconnaissance aviation (limit of


zone of reconnaissance) —————————
Pursuit aviation (limit of radius of action). _ oopur _
Squad. _ _- — _ ._-.- — -_ —— —————— —— . ——
Section _ ——— - — ..— ——— — ————— —— .. ——
Platoon ___ _ ____ — — ———————— — ... —
Company or similar unit —————————— . —— i ——
Battalion or similar unit... ———————— —— n ——
Regiment or similar unit. _ — — — —— . — in —
Brigade ______ __. —— __ —— -_. ——— —— x —
Division _____________ _„ ———— . — xx —
Corps ——— —— —————— —————— — -- —— xxx ——
Army, — ——— —— . — — ——— ———— — xxxx ——
Corps area, department, or section of com
munications zone _ — ___ .- ____ . —— ooo ——
Communications zone _____ _ ___ __ . — oooo —
Rear boundary of theater of operations- _ —— GHQ —
Front line —— — — __ — ____ ___ _ . ////>» ni r
Limit of wheeled traffic by day __ ____ . —— Ov ——
Limit of wheeled trafllc by night ______ . —— ^7 ——
Line beyond which lights on vehicles are
prohibited __ _ .. ___ ___ _ _ _ _. —— \j\ ——
Outpost line __________________ _.
Main line of resistance— ___ ________
Regimental reserve line. _ __ - _____ — RR_
Limiting point. ___ — ___________________
Line of communication.. __________ . —— (_C-

30
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 8

Line of departure-___________.__-_ ——LD ——


Straggler line-.--___________- ——["p"]——
Prisoner of War Inclosure, IV Corps_______ p'w'n
e. Weapons.
Automatic rifle.__---------___..___.._ ___^
(Dotted when emplacement is not occupied,
thus) _____ — ______-___-______ ---*.
Machine gun_________-_._______-_. •——».
(Arrow points in principal direction of flre.
When used alone it indicates machine gun,
water-cooled, cal. .30.)
(Machine-gun symbol under symbol of unit of
any arm indicates machine-gun unit of that
arm.)
Antiaircraft ____________._ • AA »•

Antitank gun (specify caliber) ______——— * J^


Antitank gun In position, showing principal di- 75
rection of fire (indicate caliber by numeral) __ • AT *
Antitank gun emplacement with principal di- 37
rection of fire._--------------——._——— *~AT~*"
Caliber .50 _________.„______—-_ , -5C
Light __---------_____---___--.
,*
Machine gun (single gun)—— —— „_ —.-_.__--_- ^^j^,
(Arrows indicate sectors of flre; shaded portion
shows danger space when flre is placed on
final protective line.)

Machine-gun section (two guns)-____---_-___— • -^. ,

31
8 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Gun———— . ——. * 6
Gun battery-
Howitzer or t±H
• mortar.— Open when em •6-
placement is
' unoccupied,
Howitzer or or thus——————' or
mortar battery. .^^ 4- -u
4.2-in. chemical
mortar-.- — . 4.42 cm, ] -<i-4.80itii
re
Livens projector.—————————————————————. |"-P

Mines, chemical land (individual)———————————— ^


f. Special symbols for use in hasty sketches and on oper
ations maps.
Area occupied by a unit (2d Battalion, 3d Field
Artillery) (2-lJ3

Area occupied by corps troops (III Corps).

Brush__.-.._-..
Cultivated land
Stream

Woods
g. Roads.—Suggested road classification is shown below.
This classification will not apply in all cases. When addi
tional types are indicated suitable identification should be
made by improvised notation or legend.
Hard surface-____.
Graded and improved-
Graded, not improved-

32
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 8-9

Poor road.
Trail.
• 9. APPLICATION OF SPECIAL SYMBOLS.—The following ex
amples show the use of special symbols as applied to various
military organizations and activities. These examples are
intended to illustrate the method of combining basic symbols
and abbreviations in order to show the desired information.
These are only a few of the possible combinations. Many
are more complete than necessary. Often the number of a
unit, to those familiar with it, will indicate its activity.
a. Air Corps.
3d Air Force_________________-

701st Air Base Group____________ \\ 701 AB

901st Transport Squadron.__.__--— p^| 901 T


7th Observation Squadron..--.---..-.— [^^| ^ otlfl
88th Reconnaissance Squadron______ ^ojsBRcn

101st Balloon Squadron——————————-- pgT| IQI


1st Staff Squadron..-- ——— — — -_——— f^^| istt

301st Balloon Group———————————— [^1 301

701st Bombardment Wing (Light)————— F»^1 701 Bomb ID


532d Pursuit Group (Interceptor)._———— fj^] 532 Pgp (l)
Second Army Aviation—————————————— fSg*| second
203d School Squadron. — ——— ———— ——— [=><=>] 203 Sch
b. Armored Force.
Headquarters Company, 1st Armored t
Division ________________ Hq lcb>l I Div
Military Police Platoon, Headquarters
Company, 1st Armored Division._._ MP I Div

33
a CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Transportation Platoon, Headquarters


Company, 1st Armored Division—— THq |CZ)| i DJV
1st Reconnaissance Battalion. ———— .. —— ___ |r—>| i Ron
Rifle Company, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion—— o[c:51 iRcn
Weapons Platoon, 1st Reconnaissance Bat-
talion._________________ wpn 0ICZ)| i Ron
Motorcycle Platoon, 1st Reconnaissance
Battalion _____________________ Mid A lCDl i Rcn
Armored Company (Light), 1st Reconnaissance ,
Battalion______..-.——._____.-.__ clc-bl iRen
1st Armored Brigade....—————————————— [r^g] i
Communication Platoon, Headquarters
Company, 1st Armored Brigade-- _ comHq |d3| i Brig
Headquarters Company, 1st Armored ,
Regiment (Light) ___________ Hq ICZDJ i (U
Maintenance Platoon, Service Company, .,,
1st Armored Regiment (Light) _____ Moint s»rv icm] i (LI
Reconnaissance Company, 1st Armored
Regiment (Light) — _ ——————— Ron [o] nil
Machine Gun Company, 1st Armored ,
Regiment (Light) _ _ ________ Bl 1 "-)

Company A, 1st Armored Regiment (Light) _

69th Armored Regiment (Medium) ___ _ _


70th Tank Battalion, GHQ Reserve _____ [r^ 70 (M) SHQ
c. Cavalry.
Light Machine-gun Platoon, Troop A, 2d r~^\
Cavalry ..„._....._..„„___.._..__„._

Scout Car Platoon, 2d Cavalry _______ set c[(pV| _


1st Platoon, Troop E, 8th Cavalry _______ I
34
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

1st Platoon, Special Weapons Troop, 14th


Cavalry __—-___-_____— — ———- ' Sp *»" l^114
1st Platoon, Antitank Troop, 1st Cavalry Di- -i
vision.....—-_.__._.-_— ———— ' »T I^
Mortar Platoon, Weapon Troop, 2d Cavalry w n rga
Brigade ___________—____— "^
1st Platoon, Troop A, 4th Cavalry (Horse
and Mechanized) -___————————_—- i*
2d Platoon, Troop G (Motorcycle) 4th Cav
alry (Horse and Mechanized)——————— ZG

Headquarters Troop, 3d Cavalry Brigade—— m \s/\ 3 Bri«


Troop A (Scout Car), 1st Reconnaissance , _
Squadron....________________ * Il*z5\ ' Rcn
Special Weapons Troop, 3d Cavalry. ...

Troop K (Scout Car) 6th Cavalry (Horse and


Mechanized) —____————————_ ——.
Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized) 9th ,
Division—..—_______—————_—_____ Rcn \£?5\ 9Di»

1st Reconnaissance Squadron...-______ \f^] ] "«"


X X

1st Cavalry Division.___________

Command Post, 5th Cavalry.


pa.
Observation Post, 9th Cavalry _______ /\ 9
Park, mechanized units of horse cavalry <i>
regiment __________________ &? prk

Park, Motor Transportation, 3d Cavalry_ Xjgg


d. Chemical Warfare Service.
2d Platoon, 1st Chemical Company, Service ...
Aviation ___-_____________________ 2 I 6 J I Serv Avn

35
CORPS OF ENGINEERS

10th Chemical Company, Maintenance—— 0 I lOMalnl

Company B, 2d Separate Chemical Battal- t


ion ————————————————————— B I o ] 2 en (SIP)
3d Battalion, 901st Chemical Regiment—— 3 ["^"j 901
Chemical Warfare Service Distributing *_*
Point, IV Corps________-___—— '& n
Chemical Warfare Service Depot, First *]«?
Army-.....................—........ ^ Flf"
e. Coast Artillery Corps.
55th Balloon Barrage Battalion—————— [<^>| sseor
Searchlight Platoon, Battery A, 104th r^-
Coast Artillery...—..___-_.—_.._. ^ °
Machine-gun Platoon, Battery K, 102d pyi
Coast Artillery_______—.—————— ^7
37-mm Platoon, Battery P, 202d Coast Artil- p r^-i
lery——————————————.—————— ^Trtlr
2d Battalion, 2d Coast Artillery, Harbor 11
Defense.——______————————— 21 * I ZHD
912 Coast Artillery (Railway) ——————— |~*| 9ie By

57th Coast Artillery (155-mm gun) __ ^-TI»8Sr °*


77th Separate Coast Artillery Battalion rXj 77 St
(Antiaircraft, 37-mm)_______ ^ST
4th Battalion, 241st Coast Artillery,
Harbor Defense, Type C———.——- 4 | • ] E4t HO (c)
Command Post, Battery E, 248th Coast ,—i—,
Artillery, Harbor Defense, Type B_ E (---J 248 H0 (B)
/. Corps of Engineers.
Company A, 2d Engineers (combat) _ A [~e~| z
12th Engineer Battalion (Triangular
(Division) _________________________. [-*^-| ,-
36
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 9

8th Engineer Squadron (Cavalry Di- 11


vision)..___———————.———— pp|e

302d Engineer Battalion (Separate) _. I E I 302 (S»P)


301st Engineer Battalion (General
Service) __-——————————_———— {_ e j 301 G«n s«rv
905th Engineer Battalion (Heavy Pon- 11
ton, Motorized)——————————— | E 1905 HV pon MU
2d Platoon, 70th Engineers (Light Pon
ton, Motorized GHQ Reserve) --_- 2 fgl 70 L Pon OHO
XX XX

Engineer Depot No. 2, First Army__ z (E) ««»


XXX

Engineer Park, II Corps———______ Prk (E) n


Bridge Company, 16th Engineer Bat- 1
talion ____———————_—_ Br [CE~)| is
2d Platoon, 391st Engineer Company ...
(Depot) ——————————————————————— 2 | £ | 391 Dtp

Service Platoon, Company C, 801st En- ...


gineers (Water Supply)_-._____ ac | E ] 801 w sup
2d Platoon, Company B, 28th Engi- ...
neers (Aviation) __.-___.._.____ ZB IE | ze Avn
Factory Platoon, Shop Company, 84th ...
Engineers (Camouflage)—_._.__-_ ZB IE 184 com
g. Field Artillery.
Symbol may also be used to show ar
tillery position area—————————— ["•""[

Battery F, 2d Field Artillery___——__ F ["•"] z


Ammunition Train, 2d Battalion, 3d pi-i-.
Field Artillery (Horse) ____.___ A(nTn 2 W 3 "
Headquarters Battery, 2d Battalion, 4th ,
Field Artillery (Pack)_________ Hq 2 f»|4pii

37
9 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Gasoline Section, Service Battery, 54th


Field Artillery Regiment (105-mm . ••..
Howitzer, Armored)__________ TStrv lOBh*

1st Battalion, 8th Field Artillery____ i f^"] e


Headquarters and Headquarters Bat- ,
tery, llth Field Artillery Brigade——— Hq | • | n grig
2d Battalion, 18th Field Artillery (Com-
posite) ———————————————— 2 | • | iscomp
Service and Ammunition Battery, 1st
Battalion, 79th Field Artillery (240-mm . i .
Howitzer, Motorized) ___.______ a *m ! L^Jj9
2d Section, Battery B, 71st Field Artillery ..
Battalion, Horse-drawn..——————_ 2B [ • [71 H-or
Maintenance Section, Battery C, 98th
Field Artillery'Battalion (75-mm How- „MOIniUI
, . . Hrn 0 ° DI,
V |9OrR
itzer, Pack)_______________ Hjr5
Battery B, 1st Field Artillery Observa- ,
tion Battalion__.._____..__— B | • 11 Obin
Headquarters Battery, 1st Division Ar
tillery (Triangular).._____———.. H qn»~| i oiv
Tank Destroyer Battalion________ l~^~l
h. Infantry.
One squad, 2d Platoon, Company G, .
117th Infantry ______________ 26 C>^1 n?
2d Heavy Machine-gun Section, Com- .••.
pany D, 2d Infantry ___________ D 1^1 z
•"•'•

1st Platoon Company B, 2d Infantry.. „ i B CX] z


Headquarters Company, 3d Infantry —— Hq Q<| 3
3d Machine-gun Platoon, Caliber .50, p^pn
Company M, 120th Infantry _____ '^

38
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 9

1st Antitank Squad (Antitank Com- .


pany), 1st Infantry.________... i AT O<] i
Command Post, 2d Battalion, 323d In-

Automatic Rifle Squad, 2d Platoon, Com- •


pany A, 1st Infantry__________ 2 * CX1'
Intelligence Platoon, Headquarters Com- ^^
pany, 22d Infantry__________ int Hq [XI 22
1st Light Machine-gun Squad, Company K~^<
F, 309th Infantry____________ ' f \£Q 309
Mortar Section, Company C, 18th In-
fantry..—————_—_„—— c
Service Platoon, Headquarters Com- _^^
pany, 105th Antitank Battalion__.- s.rx Hq D<3i05 AT
Weapons Platoon, Company E, 6th In- ...
fantry (Armored)__________ vvpn E |^§] 6
3d Platoon, 205th Military Police Com- ^^
pany———————————————————— 3|MP1205
501st Infantry Battalion (Parachute)... [X] 501 (Prciii)
8th Infantry (Motorized) _________ [XI 8 Mti

1st Infantry Train—— — — ————— _. v~ff '

Kitchen Train, 2d Battalion, 3d Infantry... Ki 2 l^jl 3


Observation Post, 81-mm Mortar Platoon, -r
Company D, 30th Infantry________ » D ^ so
Medical Detachment, 5th Infantry___—_ ott |—|—! 5 i»'
1st Battalion Section, Medical Detachment, .
175th Infantry—————————___———— i en H—j ITS m«
i. Medical Department. __
Veterinary troops.____.________ IN/1

39
9 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Headquarters and Service Company, 1st


Medical Regiment————————————— Has \-\-\ 1
Clearing Company D, 8th Medical Battal- ^^
ion ————————————————————— o FH e
1st Platoon, Company E (Ambulance), ,..
105th Medical Regiment————————— i e FH ios
Station Platoon, Company G (Clearing),
105th Medical Regiment_.—————— 10 \-+-\ IPS
3d Platoon, Collecting Company, 47th ^^
Medical Battalion Armored——————— s A ^^^ 47
Clearing Platoon, Veterinary Troop, 1st ...
Medical Squadron.—____.__.__.. 3 vet FH>
XXX X

First Army Medical Depot_________ (J) Fir»t


Battalion Aid Station. 1st Battalion, 4th
Infantry—————————————————— i n-l_ 4 ,nl
Ambulance Loading Post____ ——— ———— _(— ALP
XX
Collecting Station, 1st Division____—— _|_. | Co) |
XXXK
llth Evacuation Hospital_________ —(—11 EVOC
XXX
Clearing Station, I Corps_______..._. __|_ x clr

Hospital Train————————————————. t^J

Veterinary Clearing Station, First Army.— \/ Fi,it cir

5th Platoon, 12th Veterinary Company.__ 5 |\/| u


GHQ
901st Veterinary Evacuation Hospital.——. \/ 901 EVOC
j. Ordnance.
1st Ordnance Company, Medium Main- ,
tenance——..——————_______ I 8

40
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 9

2d Ordnance Company, Heavy Mainte- ,


nance (Army)_____________ | 8 |ZH» Maint
3d Ordnance Company, Heavy Mainte- ,
nance (Tank) _____________ | 6 )3Hv Moint (TK)
Service Section, 28th Ordnance Com- ..
pany (Medium Maintenance) ___ s«rv | g |28MMoim
Magazine Platoon, 51st Ordnance Com- ...
pany (Ammunition)————————— 11 8 1 si Am
3d Platoon, 95th Ordnance Company, ...
Maintenance Railway Artillery——— 3 | 6 | 95 Momi (Ry)
Company B, 19th Ordnance Battalion
(Armored)—— ——— ———————— B |QJD| 19
Headquarters and Supply Section,
105th Ordnance Company (Medium
Maintenance)———— — —————— _ nas | d I IOSM Moim
Service Platoon, 73d Ordnance Com- .
pany (Depot) ______-_————- serv | ^ ] 73p tp
462d Ordnance Company (Aviation, ,
Bombardment)—— ——— —————— I 6 I 462 AVH (Bomb)
694th Ordnance Company (Aviation, ,
Pursuit) _______ ——— ___ ———— — - L 6J694 Avn Pur

721st Ordnance Company (Aviation Air __,


Base)--—————————————————————— ( 8 ] 721 Avn AB

fc. Quartermaster Corps.


Light Maintenance and Car Battalion, ^^
119th Quartermaster Regiment..--. 3 \_o_j 119
Company C, Truck Battalion, 105th
Quartermaster Regiment______ c I o I ios
Company A (Truck), 13th Quarter
master Battalion (Armored)————— AJQDJu
Shop Headquarters and Supply Pla
toon, Company C, 56th Quarter
master Regiment (Heavy Mainte- ^^
nance) ——————————————— c | o | se HV Maim
41
CORPS OF ENGINEERS

2d Platoon, Company K, 48th Quarter-


master Regiment (Truck)————— 2 K | Q | 461»
Pack Troop, 16th Quartermaster
Squadrons, 1st Cavalry Division. — _ E Pk \J#'\ 16
681st Quartermaster Battalion (Sterli- ^t
lization and Bath) —— —— ——— ___ f Q | esi isa B)
Service Platoon, Company A, 203d Bat- ^_^
talion (Gasoline Supply)—.___ — _ s»r» A Pol 203 GQ»
Company D, 94th Quartermaster Bat- ,
talion (Bakery) ______._:______ o | Q [94 enry
Transportation Platoon, 252d Quarter- ...
master Company (Air Base) ____-_ T I Q I 252 AB
Second Army Quartermaster Depot xxxx
No. 1 (Gasoline and Oil)____.„_- i(j) s«cond
Third Army Quartermaster Depot No. xxxx
2 (Motor Transport) _________ 2 (o) Third MT
Railhead for Class I Supply, 2d Divi- »^
sion___________________ (?) 2 """
XV X

III Corps Quartermaster Park____- Prk (?) m


XX

Truckhead Class I Supply, ?d Division- (?) 2 Trk hd


I. Signal Corps.
59th Signal Maintenance Company ,
(Aviation) ____._.___.______ [ca&| 59 Moint
Intercept Section Headquarters Pla-
•toon, 3d Radio Intelligence Com- —-H
Hq S 3 Rod In)
pany———————————————————— hj—'

1st Signal Company, Photographic—— | s 11 Photo


Operating Platoon, 1st Signal Troop,
1st Cavalry Division.________ opn \JS*\ \
Headquarters Platoon, 701st Pigeon
Company._______ — —— _ — — _—— Hq | s I 701 Pgn
42
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS

Operation Company, 62d Signal Bat-


talion —— — — — —— — —— -_ — opn Is | 62
Construction Platoon, 30th Signal __
Company ———————————————— Con» | sj 30
7th Aircraft Warning Section, 2d Air- ^^
craft Warning Company... ——— ___ 7 | s ] z *w
Telephone and Telegraph Section,
313th Signal Company (Aviation).. TP a Tg [^] 3i3Avn

1st Signal Platoon (Air Base) _._. __ \cgp-] 1 AB

Point on axis of signal communication,


1st Division ———————— ._ —————

Point on axis of signal communication,


1st Armored Division. — _ — _ .

5th Signal Battalion, Construction _ _. _ [ s | 5 cons

317th Signal Company, Air Wing. _ _....._ [<»>| 317 wg


Signal Company, Operation (Radio), 59th |
Signal Battalion, Armored Corps____-___ opn (Rod) ICDl 59
Signal Company, Operation (Wire), 50th
Signal Battalion, Armored Corps — .- — Opn (wire) |C£)| 59

1st Signal Company, Depot — . ———— _ | s 1 1 oep

2d Signal Company, Repair ————————— | s | a R. P


1st Signal Company, Construction, Sep-
arate.. — . — - — — -- — — ____-____-___.- | s 1 1 cons s«p
21st Signal Company, Operation, Sep- ,
arate.. _ . _ _ - _ -.._-- _ _ _ . _ ..._. I s I 21 opn Sep

3d Radio Intelligence Company... —— ... | s | 3 Rod mt


Position-finding Section 1st Platoon, 3d . -. .•
Radio Intelligence Company.. _ ——— _. . ' I.. SJ 3 Rad '"'

43
10 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

SECTION V
GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS
• 10. GENERAL USE.—The abbreviations listed below are pre
scribed for use on all United States maps:
A____________. Arch or arroyo
abut——___.___.._. Abutment
b__________.._. Brick
BS____________. Blacksmith shop
bot_________..__ Bottom
Br___________.._. Branch
br____________ Bridge
C———————————___. Cape
cem___________ Cemetery
con________.... Concrete
cov___.__.____ Covered
Cr_-____.________. Creek
cul___________ Culvert
DS___________ Drug store
E_.__________.._. East
Est___________ Estuary
f—_.__________. Pordable
Ft___________. Fort
GS___________ General store
gir___________. Girder
GM____________. Grist mill
i___________._ Iron
I.__._______.. Island
Jc__________. Junction
kp___________.._. King-post
L____________. Lake
Lat-_________.... Latitude
Ldg__________. Landing
LSS___________ Life-saving station
LH____________ Lighthouse
Long___________. Longitude
Mt____________ Mountain
Mts___________. Mountains
N____________. North
nf___________. Not fordable
p_____________- Pier
pk__________. Plank
44
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 10-11

PO_____.-____ Post office


Pt___________ Point
qp.__________. Queen-post
R____________, River
RH——__-_—————. Roundhouse
RR___________ Railroad
2d—____.____. Second
S-______._____. South
s_____________ Steel
SH——___—————__ Schoolhouse
SM____________ Sawmill
Sta.____—___. Station
St____________. Stone
str______._____. Stream
TG___________ Tollgate
3d_________.— Third
Tres__________. Trestle
tr_______-_.___ Truss
WT___________. Water tank
WW—___———.—— Waterworks
W___________- West
w__________. Wood
• 11. USE WITH HYDROGRAPHIC SYMBOLS.—a. General,
Bn_____._____ Beacon
RK__________. Rock
Wk___________ Wreck
LMP__________. Levee mile post
LS______—___. Levee station
TH___________ Towhead
NRS__________. Naval radio station
NRC__________. Naval radio direction-finder (radio
compass station)
PD___________ Position doubtful
PA_____.____ Position approximate
ED________-—_ Existence doubtful
b. Relating to lights.
F____________. Fixed
PI.—.___—————— Plashing
Occ—___——_—__. Occulting
Alt_____——__. Alternating

45
11 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Gp.____-_______.. Group
R____________.. Red
W____________. White
G____________.. Green
B____________.. Blue
Sec___________. Sector
(U) __________. Unwatched
ev_______-___. Every
m______ _____.. Miles
min_—__———_-_—.. Minutes
sec_-___.-_______.. Seconds
vis__________-_-,. Visible
c. Relating to buoys.
C____________________. Can
AT_____________. Nun
S_____________. Spar
HS-. _________. Horizontal stripes
B_____________ Black
R____________________ Red
W___________________. White
VS____________ Vertical stripes
G____________ Green
y_____________ Yellow
Cfi ___________ Checkered
d. Relating to log signals.
FB --_---__———__._ Fog bell
FD_______.___ Fog diaphone
FG_____——___ Fog gun
FH. ___________ - Fog horn
FS__________... Fog siren
FT,. __________... Fog trumpet
FW___________. Fog whistle
SB______.. Submarine fog bell
e. Relating to bottoms.
Cl_____________ Clay
Co___________. Coral
G-________.. Gravel
M_____________ Mud
O2____________ Ooze
P____________.. Pebbles
S_____________. Sand
46
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 11-12

Sh ____________ Shells
Sp ____________ Specks
St ____________. Stones
brk... -_________. Broken
Cal....... _______ Calcareous
crs.......... _____ Coarse
dec_-______ Decayed
dk____________. Dark
fly____________. Flinty
fne. ____________ Fine
grd---.-....... -__ Ground
gty.. _______________ Gritty
hrd ___________. Hard
Irg. _________. Large
..._„_—.——-_—. Light
rky___________. Rocky
rot-...-.. _______ Rotten
sft -__——-___-___—. Soft
sml__________. Small
spk..... ________. Speckled
stf__.__—_—-_-_. Stiff
sir___________________. Streaky
vol............—-.... Volcanic
bfc—_—________. Black
br_____________. Brown
bu -___---_-________. Blue
gn. ______--_. Green
gy___________.. Gray
rd ____________ Red
wh............ ____ White
yl.................... Yellow
stk......-———— Sticky
SECTION VI
MILITARY ABBREVIATIONS
• 12. LIST.—The abbreviations listed below are authorized for
use in combat orders, messages, records, and reports in the
field. With few exceptions all are written without spacing
and periods. Dates, when abbreviated, are written thus:
1 Jan 24. Usually a single word is represented by a single
capital letter, or by a capital and lower case.

47
12 CORPS OF ENG1NEEES

Acting___——_———-—_-___—_-.. Actg
Adjutant General----_________ AG
Adjutant's (section)_..______ Adj (Sec) '
Adjutant (1st staff section, brigades
and lower units)—-.---____._. S-l
Adjutant General's Department___. AGD
Administrative (orders).______ Adm (O)
Advance_-__---________ Adv
Advance guard___.._______. AdvGd
Advance Message Center_______. AdvMsgCen
Afternoon (i. e., from 12:00 noon to
12:00 midnight)__.___.___ PM
Aide-de-camp————....__—___. ADC
Air base_____———_________- AB
Air Corps_____-_________. AC
Aircraft warning service____--_-. AWS
Air Defense Command_____------ AD Comd
Airdrome——_——_________- Adnn
Air District...——„_____.._— ADist
Air Force_-_———_________- AF
Air Force Combat Command--—_. AFCC
Air Intelligence (section) (officer) __ Alnt(Sec) (O)
Airplane————————_—_—-_... AP
Airship__.__._—_.._______. Ash
Ambulance (company) (company,
motor) (section) __________. Amb(Co) (CoM) (Sec)
Ambulance loading post____——— ALP
American Expeditionary Forces.—— AEF
Ammunition (company) (distribu
tion point) (train)._____.__. Am (Co) (DP) (Tn)
Animal (animal-drawn)——————— Anl-d
Antiaircraft—————_—_._—__._. AA
Antiaircraft Artillery_________. AAA
Antiaircraft Artillery Intelligence
Service——————————__————— AAAIS
Antiaircraft Intelligence Service..— AAIS
Antimechanized———______.. AMecz
Antitank________________ AT
Appendix————————————————— App
April———————————————————— Apr
Armorer——————————————— Armr
Artificer————————_—_—..... Artif
48
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 12

Armored (car)—————————————_. Armd-C


Armored Force————-—___———— ArmdF
Army Air Forces————————————— AAF
Army Engineer Service—______. AEngrServ
Army headquarters———_—_-__. AHQ
Army medical (laboratory) (service). AMed(Lab) (Serv)
Army Post Office____________. APO
Army Regulations——————_—_. AB
Artillery (brigade) (horse) (liaison
officer) _———___________ Arty (Brig) (H) (Ln O)
Artillery Information Service--___.. AIS
Assistant_————————-—-____ Asst
Assistant chief of staff ________. AC of S
Assistant chief of staff for personnel- G-l
Assistant chief of staff for military in
telligence.————---________ G-2
Assistant chief of staff for operations
and training-.____________ G-3
Assistant chief of staff for supply__. G-4
Attached_—————————————_ Atchd
Attack__________________ Atk
Auxiliary_————————————_____ Aux
August___ ————————— ——— —— Aug
Automatic_--———————————--. Auto
Aviation__—————_—_——______ Avn
Axis or axes of signal communication. Ax Sig Com
Baggage__————————-———— Bag
Bakery (battalion) (company) ___. Bkry (Bn) (Co)
Balloon (group) (squadron) (wing)__ Bin (Gp) (Sq) (Wg)
Barrage balloon (battalion) _____. Bar Bin (Bn)
Basic.___——_„_________ Bsc
Battalion (combat train) (comman
der)___________________ Bn(CTn) (Comdr)
Battalion adjutant.—__________ S-l
Battalion intelligence officer._____ S-2
Battalion plans and training officer-.. S-3
Battalion supply officer———————— S-4
Battery (commander)————————-. Btry (Comdr)
Battle reconnaissance—___•____ BRcn
Bench mark————————_______ BM
Bicycle___——————_________ Bel

49
12 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Blacksmith_____.._________ Blksm
Bombardment (squadron) (group) Bomb (Sq) (Gp) (Wg)
(wing) (light) (medium) (heavy). (L) (M) (H)
Bomb service truck__________. BSTrk
Boundary__________———————. Bd
Bridge train (heavy) (light)_____ BrTn(HvXL)
Brigade (commander)..—_————— Brig (Comdr)
Brigade adjutant___.___————. S-l
Brigade intelligence officer______. S-2
Brigade plans and training officer__ S-3
Brigade supply officer.________. S-4
Brigade headquarters______——. BHQ
Brigadier general____________ Brig Gen
Browning automatic rifle_______ BAR
Bugler__________________. Bglr
Caliber....__________..._— cal
Camouflage (battalion) (company)... Cam (Bn) (Co)
Captain..______________———. Capt
Carpenter._____...___..___ Cptr
Carrier..-.______________. Carr
Cavalry (brigade) (division) _____ Cav (Brig) (Div)
Cavalry division headquarters_——. CavDHQ
Cemetery.._______________.. Cem
Center__________________ Cen
Centimeter_______________ cm
Chaplain (section) ___________ Ch (Sec)
Chauffeur______________. Cfr
Chemical (ammunition train) (bat- Cml(AmTn) (Bn) (Co)
talion) (company) (officer) (regi- (O) (Regt) (Sec)
ment) (section).
Chemical agent, nonpersistent____ G-NP
Chemical agent, persistent______. G-P
Chemical mortar, 4.2-inch_______ 4.2CmlMort
Chemical Warfare Service______ CWS
Chief of artillery____________. C of A
Chief of aviation____________. Cof Avn
Chief Signal Officer_________.. CSigO
Chief of Staff______________. Cof S
Circular...________________ Cir
Class——________________ Cl
Class I supplies___..________ ClISup
50
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 12

Clearing (company)——______. Clr (Co)


Clerk__———____________. Clk
Coast Artillery Corps————_____ CAC
Coast defense————————______—_. CD
Coastal frontier..__.__________. CP
Collecting (company) (point) (sta
tion)_____________.__. Coll (Co) (Pt) (Sta)
Colonel——————————————_———. Col
Column———————————_——_ Clm
Combat (car) (zone) _________. C (Car) (Z)
Command (car) ___________ Comd (Car)
Commandant_____________ Comdt
Commander————_________. Comdr
Commander in Chief _________ CinC
Commanding...____________ Comdg
Commanding general-———____. CG
Commanding officer__________ CO
Command post_____________ CP
Command post exercise________ CPX
Commercial—————_________, Coml
Commissary—————————_____, Comm
Communication (officer) (squadron) Com (O) (Sq) (Plat)
(platoon) (section). (Sec)
Communications zone_________ ComZ
Company (commander) (headquar
ters)___________________ Co (Comdr) (Hq)
Contact party———————_——___, ConPy
Construction (company) (platoon)
(section)________________ Cons(Co) (Plat) (Sec)
Continuous wave———.——_„___. CW
Convalescent (hospital) ________ Conv (Hosp)
Cook_______________.__ Ck
Corporal-———___________. Cpl
Corps headquarters__________ CHQ
Corps of Engineers.----_______ CE
Crossroads———————__________ CR
Cylinder————_____________. Cyl
December—————————————___. Dec
Decontamination___________. Decon
Dental Corps—————__________ DC

51
12 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Department—__——..._————-——. Dept
Depot (battalion).—_________. Dep (Bn)
Deputy chief of staff-..________ DC of S
Detachment————— —————__——. Det
Distant surveillance (section) ____. DS (Sec)
Distributing point—..————————. DP
Division..——-———__——___ Div
Division (adjutant) (aviation) (com- Div (Adj) (Avn)
mander) (engineer). (Comdr) (Engr)
Division headquarters-________ DHQ
Division (headquarters commandant
and provost marshal) _______ Div (Hq Comdt & PM)
Division (judge advocate) (munitions
officer).——————___-____ Div (JA) (MunO)
Division ordnance officer_—____. DivOO
Division (quartermaster) (signal of- Div (QM) (Sig O)
fleer) (surgeon). (Surg)
Draftsman———————————————. Drftm
Drawn..————————————————— Dr
Dump (truck)—————.————_.—— Dp (Trk)
East————————————————————. E
Echelon________________... Ech
Electrician——-————__———_—. Electn
Element..————_—————————— Elm
Eliminate-——-. ——————_—. Elim
Embarkation-—————_—————_—. Emb
Engineer (battalion) (company) (of- Engr (Bn) (Co) (O)
fleer) (train). (Tn)
Engineers (combat) (general service) _ Engrs (C) (Gen Serv)
Enlisted men.-_____________. EM
Entrucking point———____._____. EP
Evacuation (hospital)-_________ Evac (Hosp)
Exclusive———————.-._———____. Excl
Executive (officer)——________. Ex (O)
February.———_______________ Peb
Feet or foot—____________. ft
Field Artillery (brigade) ________ FA (Brig)
Field laboratory____________. FLab

52
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AMD ABBREVIATIONS 12

.Field manual____________——— FM
Field orders______________— FO
Field (remount depot) _______—. F(RmtDep)
Field Train__________————— F Tn
Fighter________________- Fi
Finance (Department) (officer) __„ Fin (Dept) (O)
First lieutenant_______—-——— IstLt
Fixed_________________— Fxd
Flash ranging_________—_——. FR
Flight (commander)________— Fit (Comdr)
Film strip______________— FS
Forward echelon._____„„__—— FwdEch
Garage________________—— Gar
Gas noncommissioned officer—————. GasNCO
Gas officer_______________~ GasO
Gasproof dugout or building-——— G-PF
General (hospital) (service).__—— Gen (Hosp) (Serv)
General Headquarters_______-..- GHQ
General service___________—. Gen Serv
General Staff (Corps) _________ GS (C)
First section___________.. G-l
Second section_____.___—. G-2
Third section__________'_. G-3
Fourth section_____.__—— G-4
General Headquarters Air Force. _—— GHQ AF
Geological (survey)________-. Geol (Surv)
Graves registration (battalion) (com
pany)__________________ GrReg(Bn) (Co)
Group.____________——-——. Gp
Groupment-__.____..__—— Gpmt
Guard.—_________—————. Gd
Gun-——____________———. G
Gunner__-_______—__—. Gnr
Harbor defense_______-___— HD
Headquarters (battery) (company) Hq (Bty) (Co) (Tr)
(troop) (platoon) (section). (Plat) (Sec)
Headquarters and headquarters (bat- Hq&Hq(Btry) (Co)
tery) (company) (troop). (Tr)
Headquarters commandant___— HqComdt

53
12 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Headquarters and service (battery) Hq & Serv (Btry) (Co),


(company) (troop). (Tr) or H & S (Btry)
(Co) (Tr)
Heavy (ponton)———..——_————. Hv (Pon)
Heavy weapons (company) (section) _ Hv Wpn (Co) (Sec)
High explosive————————————— HE
Highway_______.._________. Hwy
Holding and reconsignment point__ H&RP
Horse_________—-_____ H
Horse-drawn_____.________. H-Dr
Horse and mechanized———__———. H&Mecz
Hospital (company) (train) _____. Hosp (Co) (Tn)
Howitzer_____________——. How
Impregnating..--——_——_____. Impreg
Inch___________.._______. in
Inclosure__,______________ Incls
Inclusive__________________ incl
Infantry (brigade) (division)_____ Inf (Brig) (Div)
Information center--—._____. 1C
Initial point______.._________ IP
Inspector.——————————______. Insp
Inspector general———..———————— IG
Inspector General's Department--—. IGD
Instrument_______--______ Instr
Intelligence (platoon) (section) ___ Int (Plat) (Sec)
Intelligence officer-—.-—_____. S-2orIntO
Interceptor—————————.———— I
January.———_———————____—— Jan
Judge advocates' (section)._____. JA (Sec)
Judge Advocate General's Department. JAGD
Kitchen________________ Ki
Labor (detachment) (battalion) _... Lbr (Det) (Bn)
Laboratory_______——______. Lab
Land mine________________. LM
Laundry.—______.._______. Ldry
Liaison (officer) ___..________. Ln (O)
Lieutenant (colonel) (general)____ Lt (Col) (Gen)
Light (machine gun) (tank) (pon
ton)__________________ L (MG) (Tk) (Pon)
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 12

Lights_-_________________. Lgts
Line of departure________—— LD
Line of communication______- LC
Lineman._____________. Lmn
Livens projector____________. LP
Machine-gun (company) (troop) (of
ficer)__________________. MG (Co) (Tr) (O)
Machinist_________________ Machst
Main line of resistance_____——. MLR
Main supply road_________—— MSR
Maintenance (section) ______——. Maint (Sec)
Maintenance of equipment___——. Maint of E
Maintenance party___________—— Maint Py
Maintenance of way_______——. Maint of W
Maintenance and supply____—— M&S
Major (General) __________—. Maj (Gen)
March————__________—_———. Mar
Master——_____________—— Mr
Material_______________—— Mat
Mechanic______________—— Mech
Mechanized____________——. Mecz
Medical (regiment) (supply depot)— Med(Regt) (SupDep)
Medical Corps___________—— MC
Medical Department_—————,——. MD
Medium (tank) (ponton) ___——. M (Tk) (Pon)
Message (center) ________—————. Msg (Cen)
Message dropping and pick-up ground- Msg CPU
Messenger (section) ______———- Msgr (Sec)
Meteorological (company) (officer)
(section)_________________ Met (Co) (O) (Sec)
Mile__________________——. mi
Miles per hour___________——— mph
Military intelligence._______——. MI
Military police (battalion) (company). MP (Bn) (Co)
Millimeter______________—— mm
Mobilization Regulations_—————. MR
Mobilization Training Program__——. MTP
Mobile____________________. Mbl
Months______________———. mos
Morning (i. e., from 12:00 midnight to
12:00 noon)__________———. AM
55
12 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Mortar_________.__________ Mort
Motor Transport (Service) ______. MT (S)
Motor___________________ Mtr
Motor-tricycle__—...________ Mtricl
Motorcycle______.._______. Mtrcl
Motorized_______.._______. Mtz
Mounted.——————.._—__———_ Mtd
Munitions (officer)__________ Mun(O)
Navigation (officer) __...__._____ Nav (O)
Net control station..._________ NCS
Night__________..________ Nt
Noncommissioned officer_______. NCO
North______.__________ N
November———————..——————_. Nov
Number—_————..._______ No
Observation (ba 11a 1 ion) (flash) Obsn (Bn) (Bl) (Gp)
(group) (squadron). (Sq)
Observer....—_———__———_. Obsr
Observation post__.________ OP
October————————..——————— Oct
Officer, order, or orders__———__ O
Operation.__________....__ Opn
Operator.____——__—.——.___ Opr
Orderly-——_—————_——1———__.. Odly
Ordnance....__——___—_—_—. Ord
Ordnance officer———..—————__.. OO
Organization——————————————. Orgn
Outpost line____.._.__.__. OPL
Outpost line of resistance————.— OPLB
Pack (troop) (train)—.._______ Pk(Tr)(Tn)
Parachute_______.-____—__ Prcht
Park_______________—__ Prk
Party...—__._———__—-—————. Py
Personnel (carrier) (officer) (section). Pers(Car) (O) (Sec)
Photographic (section) (squadron) _ Photo (Sec) (So.)
Pigeon company———...__———_—. PgnCo
Pioneer—_—_———__————_. Pion
Pioneer and demolition section—___. P&DSec
Plans and training officer——————. S-3

56
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 12

Platoon (commander) (headquarters) Plat (Comdr) (Hq)


Point______________.___. Pt
Ponton_____________-____ Pon
Postal (section)____________. Post (Sec)
Prisoners of war____________ PW
Private__________________. Pvt
Provisional________________ Prov
Provost marshal_____________ PM
Provost Marshal General—————__ PMG
Pursuit (group) (squadron)——_.._ Pur (Gp) (Sq)
Quartering (detachment) (officer) _ Qr (Det) (O)
Quartermaster Corps.________. QMC
Quartermaster (section)—————__. QM (Sec)
Radio (company) (section) _____. Rad (Co) (Sec)
Radio and panel section.————__. R&PSec
Radio intelligence (company)____. Radlnt(Co)
Railhead (detachment)_______ Rhd (Det)
Railhead officer____________ RHO
Railroad_________________ RR
Railroad transportation officer____ RTO
Railway (battalion)—_________ Ry (Bn)
Railway traffic officer_________. RTraf O
Range (officer) __——________ Rg (O)
Ration distributing point_—___. RDP
Rear (echelon) (guard)________ Rr (Ech) (Gd)
Reception (center) __________. Recp (Cen)
Reconnaissance (officer) (squadron) Rcn (O) (Sq) (LR)
(long range) (medium range). (MR)
Reconstruction park.........—__. Recons Prk
Record————————____——__ Red
Refrigeration————___————___ Ref
Regiment.——————_————___. Regt
Regimental—————————————— Regtl
Regimental adjutant—————————— S-l
Regimental headquarters——————— RHQ
Regimental intelligence officer—___.. S-2
Regimental plans and training officer.. S-3
Regimental reserve line_———_ _. RRL
Regimental supply officer————__— S-4
Regulating (officer) (point) (station).. R (O) (P) (Sta)

57
12 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Reinforced_______..———————. Reinf
Remount (depot) (officer) (service) __ Rmt (Dep) (O) (Serv)
Repair (section) _________——— Rep (Sec)
Replacement——___..———-———. Repl
Replacement Training Center———. RTC
Reproduction________________ Repro
Reserve————————..———————, Res
Rifle (company) (platoon) (squad)—. R (Co) (Plat) (Sqd)
Road_________.._______. Rd
Road bend-______..___—_____. RB
Road Junction_____________ RJ
Road space_______________ RS
Sales commissary (battalion) (com
pany)__________________ Sales Comm (BnMCo)
Salvage (battalion) (company) ___. Salv (Bn) (Co)
Sanitary_________________. Sn
Scheduled_______________ Scd
School_______.._______. Sch
Scout__________.._______ Set
Scout car_____,.__________. SctC
Scout car, half-track_________ SctCHt
Searchlight________________ Sit
Second lieutenant——._—_______ 2dLt
Section.__—_____________. Sec
Self-propelled mount__________ SPM
Semiautomatic rifle.—.—______ SAR
Semimobile—————__——__..__. Sem
Separate—.______________ Sep
September_______________. Sept
Sergeant-_______.._______ Sgt
Service (battalion) (battery) (com- Serv (Bn) (Btry) (Co)
pany) (troop). (Tr)
Shoe repair_______________. SRep
Side car.________________ Sc
Signal (battalion) (company) (troop) Sig (Bn) (Co) (Tr)
(depot) (officer) (section). (Dep) (O) (Sec)
Signal Corps______________. SigC
Signal operations instructions____. SOI
Small arms (ammunition) ______. SA (Am)
Sound and Plash (battalion)_____ S &P (Bn)
Sound locator————_________. S-L.
58
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 12

Sound ranging____——_———— SR
South____________________ S
Special troops_____—_____—. SpTrs
Special weapons (troop) (platoon) _. Sp Wpn (Tr) (Plat)
Squad_________——_______ Sqd
Squadron (headquarters) (headquar
ters and headquarters detachment). Sq (Hq) (Hq & Hq Dct)
Staff (group) (squadron)———————. Stf (Gp) (Sq)
Standing operating procedure_____. SOP
Station.—_______——_____. Sta
Stenographer____———_—__—__. Steno
Sterilization and bath———_———— S&B
Straggler line_____—_———__. StragL
Submachine gun___————————— SMG
Supply (company) (section) __———— Sup (Co) (Sec)
Supply officer_____——______ S-4orSupO
Support line_____——_________. SL
Supply point_____——________. SupPt
Surgeon—————————————————— Surg
Surgical (hospital) _———_———... Surg (Hosp)
Survey——_______——_———— Surv
Switchboard____._————————— Sb
Switching central__——_____—— SwC
Tables of Basic Allowances______. T/BA
Tables of Organization—_________ T/O
Tank (battalion) (company) _____. Tk (Bn) (Co)
Tank destroyer_——————————— TD
Technical.._____—————————. Tech
Technical Manual——————————. TM
Technical Regulations————————. TR
Technician-_______————————— Techn
Telegraph (section).-—————_——— Tg (Sec)
Telegraph printer.——————————. Tgp
Telephone (section) _—_____——. Tp (Sec)
Theater headquarters^————————— THQ
Theater of operations—————————. Tof Opns
Time lengths_____————————— TL
Toolmaker________—_——————. Tlmkr
Topographic___———————————— Top or Topo
Tractor_________——————— Trac

59
12 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Tractor-drawn______________ Tr Dr
Traffic_________-________ Traf
Train__________..———————— Tn
Trailer________..—__——— Tlr
Training________..____—__ Tng
Training Circular__————————— TC
Training film.____—————————. TP
Transport or transportation (com
pany) (officer) (platoon) _____ T (Co) (O) (Plat)
Trench mortar (battery) _______ TMort(Btry)
Tricycle, motor____..————————. TriclMtr
Troop(s) ________..————_.—— Tr(s)
Truck (battalion) (company) (sec- Trk (Bn) (Co) (Sec)
tion) (truck head) (Trkhd)
Truck-drawn_____————————— Trk-Dr
Truck head______________. Trkhd
Veterinary or veterinarian._______ Vet
Veterinary Corps___———-—___. VC
Veterinary (company) (evacuation Vet (Co) (Evac Hosp)
hospital) (service). (Serv)
Visual-—————————————————— Vis
Wagon (battalion) (company) (mas- Wag (Bn) (Co) (Mr)
ter) (section) (train). (SecMTn)
War Department———————————. WD
Warrant officer_____________ WO
Water supply____—————————— W Sup
Water tank (battalion) (train) _—. WTk (Bn) (Tn)
Weapon carrier____..________ WpnCarr
Weapons (troop) (platoon) ________ Wpn (Tr) (Plat)
Weather (group) (officer) (squadron) _ Wea (Gp) (O) (Sq)
Welder__________________ Wldr
West___________.————___- W
Winch__________________ Wn
Wing___________________. Wg
Yard_________-———-__- Yd
Year___________________ Yr
Zone________________— Z
Zone of the interior_———_______ Zof I

60
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 13

• 13. EXAMPLES.—a. Units of armored division.


1st Armored Division———_———__ 1st Armd Div
Headquarters—____—————____ Hq
Headquarters Company————_—_. HqCo
1st Reconnaissance Battalion....__ IstRcnBn
1st Armored Brigade———————__ 1st Armd Brig
Headquarters and Headquarters Com
pany——————————————————— Hq&HqCo
1st Armored Regiment (Light)..___ 1st Armd Regt (L)
13th Armored Regiment (Light) ___. 13th Armd Regt (L)
69th Armored Regiment (Medium)— 69th Armd Regt (M)
16th Engineer Battalion (Armored)_ 16thEngrBn (Armd)
68th Field Artillery (Armored)____ 68thPA (Armd)
6th Infantry (Armored)—————__ 6th Inf (Armd)
27th Field Artillery Battalion (Ar
mored)_————__——————__. 27th FA Bn (Armd)
47th Signal Company (Armored).__ 47thSigCo (Armd)
19th Ordnance Battalion (Armored)— 19thOrdBn (Armd)
13th Quartermaster Battalion (Ar
mored)._————————————_. 13thQMBn (Armd)
47th Medical Battalion (Armored) _ 47thMedBn (Armd)
12th Observation Squadron (At
tached) ...______________ 12th Obsn Sq (Atchd)
b. Units of cavalry division, horse.
1st Cavalry Division————————__ IstCavDiv
Headquarters.--————___———__ Hq
Headquarters Troop————————__ HqTr
1st Reconnaissance Squadron____ IstRcnSq
1st Signal Troop____________ IstSigTr
Antitank Troop.—————————__ ATTr
27th Ordnance Company (Medium
Maintenance)_...——————__. 27thOrdCo(MMaint)
1st Cavalry Brigade_____._.___ 1st Cav Brig
Headquarters and Headquarters
Troop___-_____——————__ Hq & Hq Tr
5th Cavalry__________———_. 5th Cav
Weapons Troop, 1st Cavalry Brigade.. Wpn Tr 1st Cav Brig
2d Cavalry Brigade..——————_.._, 2d Cav Brig
Headquarters and Headquarters
Troop__________________ Hq & Hq Tr
1st Cavalry Division Artillery——__. 1st Cav Div Arty

61
13 CORPS OF ENGINEERS

Headquarters and Headquarters


Battery_______.._________. Hq & Hq Btry
82d Field Artillery Battalion (75-mm 82d FA Bn (75-mm
Howitzer, Horse-drawn). HowH-Dr)
Field Artillery Battalion (105-mm FA Bn (105-mm How
Howitzer, Truck-drawn). Trk-Dr)
8th Engineer Squadron_____—_ 8th Engr Sq
1st Medical Squadron..———————— 1st Med Sq
16th Quartermaster Squadron____. 16th QMSq
Ordnance Company, Medium Mainte
nance_________———___— Ord Co (M Maint)
c. Units of infantry division (square).
Headquarters_____————————— Hq
Special Troops______——_——. SpTr
Headquarters and Headquarters
Detachment______________— Hq & Hq Det
Medical Detachment__________ Med Det
Headquarters Company————————. HqCo
Military Police Company———————. MPCo
Signal Company___———_————— SigCo
Ordnance Company, Medium Mainte
nance_____________________ Ord Co (M Maint)
Infantry Brigade_______——_. Inf Brig
Headquarters and Headquarters
Company______————————. Hq & Hq Co
2d Infantry Regiment———_—___ 2d Inf Regt
Field Artillery Brigade_-_____. FA Brig
Headquarters and Headquarters
Battery.______..————————. Hq & Hq Btry
Field Artillery Regiment (155-mm FA Regt (155-mm
Howitzer). How)
2d Field Artillery Regiment (105-mm 2d FA Regt (105-mm
Howitzer). How)
Engineer Regiment (combat) _____ Engr Regt (c)
Medical Regiment___________. Med Regt
Quartermaster Regiment_______ QMRegt

62
SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 13

d. Units of infantry division (triangular).


Headquarters______________ Hq
Headquarters and Military Police
Company._______________ Hq & MP Co
Signal Company—_———____—_— SigCo
Reconnaissance Troop___________. RcnTr
Infantry Regiment__________. Inf Regt
Division Artillery____________. DivArty
Headquarters and Headquarters
Battery———____ _________. Hq & Hq Btry
I II ill
1-155-mm Howitzer (or) 4-106-mm Howitzer (or) 1-156-mm Howitzer
3-105-mm 3-76-mm gun
Engineer Battalion—_______———— EngrBn
Medical Battalion____________ MedBn
Quartermaster Battalion_______. QMBn
e. Units of infantry division^ (triangular, motorized).—
Same as above except three infantry regiments are motorized,
and field artillery component is one battalion of 155-mm
Howitzers and three battalions of 105-mm Howitzers.
/. Units which may be attached to an infantry division or
cavalry division.
Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft)————. CA (AA)
Company (Chemical Warfare Serv
ice)———________———— Co (CWS)
Engineer Battalion (General Serv
ice)-__—____________—.. EngrBn (GenServ)
Engineer Battalion (Separate)———— EngrBn (Sep)
Surgical Hospital——————__————. SurgHosp
Balloon Squadron________——— Bin Sq
Observation Squadron_____———— Obsn Sq
Field Artillery Observation Battalion.. FA Obsn Bn

63
APPENDIX
LIST OP REFERENCES
AR 850-150, Authorised Abbreviations for Military Records.
AR 300-15, Maps and Mapping.
FM 21-25, Elementary Map and Aerial Photograph Reading.
FM 21-35, Sketching.
TM 5-230, Topographic Drafting.
FM 4-155, Coast Artillery, Reference Data.
FM 6-130, Field Artillery, Reference Data.
FM 21-105, Engineer Soldier's Handbook.
FM 21-100, Soldier's Handbook.
FM 8-55, Medical Department Reference Data.
FM 21-6, List of Publications for Training.
FM 21-26, Advanced Map and Aerial Photograph Reading.
FM 5-35, Engineer, Reference Data.

64
INDEX
Abbreviations: Paragraph Page
For general use.__-_________- — ___ 10 44
For use with hydrographic symbols:
Bottoms._______________.. lie 46
Buoys.___._____________.___ lie 46
Fog signals-__________________ ll<i 46
General._____-..______________ llo 45
Lights________________________. lib 45
List-——-________________________ 12 47
Military—examples of units:
Armored division-____________. 13a 61
Attached to an infantry division______. 13/ 63
Cavalry division, horse__-____— — _. 13b 61
Infantry division (square)-________. 13c 62
Infantry division (triangular)_____ 13d 63
Infantry division (triangular, motorized).. 13e 63
Air Corps symbols.--_____ — _... ——— --. 9a 33
Air navigation maps:
Characteristics________________- 5 18
List of symbols_________________ 6 18
Application of special military symbols._.———.. 9 33
Basic military symbols_____———-—————— 8 22
Boundaries:
Military_____________________-„——— 8d 29
Topographic-______...___ ——— — 4b 7
Cavalry symbols————————————————————— 9c 34
Chemical Warfare Service symbols.-__————— 9<J 35
Coast Artillery Corps symbols.______......... 9e 36
Color of symbols:
Military____________________.___ 7a 20
Topographic.--______________... 3b 1
Drainage——.. ——————————— ———— — ——— 4tt 8
Engineers' symbols------- — — ...--........ — -_. 9/ 36
Examples of military abbreviations—————————. 13 61
Field Artillery symbols.______________ Og 37
General abbreviations...____.—__.——_. 10 44
Hydrography-———.______________... 4? 13
Infantry symbols______________.-.„ 9h 38
Land classification..._____________. 4/ 10
Lettering of topographic symbols________„ 3o 2
List of—
Abbreviations_______________. 10 44
Basic military symbols_____________ 8 22
Military abbreviations_____________... 12 47
Topographic symbols____________. 4 2
Marginal information-________________.. 4c 7
Medical Department symbols____________ 9i 39

65
INDEX

Paragraph Page
Navigation, aids..—— ———————————————— 4ft 15
Ordnance symbols._..--_____—_______ 9j 40
Purpose of manual—-———————————————... 1 1
Quartermaster Corps sjTnbols.___________. 9fc 41
Belief__________.._________________ 4e 9
Scope of manual-__________________. 2 1
Signal Corps symbols.._____.__—_______ 91 42
Size of topographic symbols.——————____..— 3a 1
Structures...__...———————————_———— 4o 2
Symbols:
Air navigation maps:
Characteristics..———————————————— 5 18
List.______________________ 6 18
Military:
Basic, list of, to indicate—
Activities____________________ 8a 22
Arms or services._____________ 8b 27
Boundaries_________________ 8d 29
Hasty sketches______________ 8/ 32
Size of units_________________. 8c 28
Weapons___________________ 8e 31
General rules for_______-_______ 7 20
Special:
Application to—
Air Corps_______________. Sa 33
Armored Force.————______——. 9b 33
Cavalry____________.. 9c 34
Chemical Warfare Service_____ 3d 35
Coast Artillery Corps_______. 9e 36
Corps of Engineers_______ 9/ 36
Field Artillery._____________ 9<7 37
Infantry_________________. 9fi 38
Medical Department________. 9t 39
Ordnance—______—_______. Sj 40
Quartermaster Corps._____.. 9fc 41
Signal Corps____________. 91 42
For use In sketches___________. 8/ 32
Topographic:
Characteristics——————————————————— 3 1
List:
Boundaries, marks, and monuments———. 4b 7
Drainage____________._____ Id 8
Hydrography-___...—.——_____.. 4jr 13
Land classification———————____——... 4/ 10
Marginal information————————————— 4c 7
Navigation, aids to__________... 4/> 15
Relief__——..——————————______— 4e 9
Works and structures.——————————— 4a 2
Unit designations______——————______. 7b 20

o
66