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BINH SON REFINING & PETROCHEMICAL CO.

CORROSION AND INSPECTION STRATEGY DOCUMENT


BSR ORDER NO: VV-05-11-2011-A VELOSI PROJECT NO. VAIL-12-193

The summary of the units, process conditions, materials and the expected degradation
mechanisms are provided in section 4 (refer to Table 4.1).
II. Identification of Damage Mechanisms
The corrosion circuits are developed to highlight the damage mechanisms on each corrosion
circuits. Identification of the damage mechanisms for equipment and piping is done in
accordance with NACE papers (Corrosion in the Oil Refining Industries), UOP and API
standards. API 571 has identified 66 applicable damage mechanisms. However, total thirty five
(35) Damage Mechanisms are applicable for equipments and piping systems associated with
Processing at BSR Phase I Units. Refer to table 2.1:
Table: 2.1 Listing of Main Damage Mechanisms
API 571 DM
Sr.No. Damage Mechanism
No.
1 Sulfidation 1
2 Wet H2S Damage (Blistering / HIC/SOHIC/SSC) 2
3 Creep Stress / Rupture 3
4 High temp H2/ H2S Corrosion 4
5 Naphthenic Acid Corrosion 6
6 Ammonium Bisulfide Corrosion 7
7 Ammonium Chloride Corrosion 8
8 HCl Corrosion 9
9 High Temperature Hydrogen Attack 10
10 Oxidation 11
11 Thermal Fatigue 12
12 Sour Water Corrosion (acidic) 13
13 Refractory Degradation 14
14 Graphitization 15
15 Temper Embrittlement 16
16 Caustic Cracking 18
17 Caustic Corrosion 19
18 Erosion / Erosion-Corrosion 20
19 Amine Cracking 22
20 Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking 23
21 Carburization 24
22 Hydrogen Embrittlement 25
23 Steam Blanketing 26
24 Short term Overheating-Stress Rupture 30
25 CO2 Corrosion 42

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BINH SON REFINING & PETROCHEMICAL CO.
CORROSION AND INSPECTION STRATEGY DOCUMENT
BSR ORDER NO: VV-05-11-2011-A VELOSI PROJECT NO. VAIL-12-193

API 571 DM
Sr.No. Damage Mechanism
No.
26 Amine Corrosion 45
27 Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) 46
28 Atmospheric Corrosion 47
29 Cooling Water Corrosion 49
30 Boiler Water / Condensate Corrosion 50
31 Vibration-Induced Fatigue 56
32 Soil Corrosion 58
33 Metal Dusting 59
34 Phenol (Carbolic Acid) Corrosion 63
Organic Acid Corrosion Of Distillation Tower Overhead
35 66
Systems
III. Evaluation of Corrosion Monitoring System
Corrosion monitoring techniques carried out at BSR includes corrosion coupons, electrical
resistance probes, chemical sampling analysis and corrosion monitoring by NDT techniques.
Corrosion monitoring by NDT techniques includes thickness measurement and flaw detection
techniques to assess the present condition of the operating system, highlighted in respective
section of each unit.
IV. Evaluation of Corrosion Control System
Corrosion control system at BSR includes Painting, coating system, anti fouling, Corrosion
Inhibitor, Oxygen Scavenger, Antifoaming, Bio Dispersant and Biocide. As per the available
data, only chemical injection types and locations are available.

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