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(r

u.l.*r^r:a+d=01.

t. *:llt

Given S h o wt h a t w r s a s u b sopfaMcre, r .

LL' ct) )

2. G i v e nS = { ( t , 0 , 0 , - 1 ) , ( 0 , 1 , 0 , 1 ) , ( 1 , 1 , 1 , 1 ) , ( 0 , 0 , 1 , 1 ) } .

(ii) Find span(S).

(iii) Find a subsetof ,Sthat is a basisfor span(S).

or not.

4. L e t W b e a s u b s p a coef l R a w i t ha b a s i sS = { ( 1 , 1 , 1 , 0 ) , ( - 1 , 0 , - 1 , 1 ) , ( - 1 , 0 , 0 , - 1 ) }

-NHS- Semester

II, 2004/2005

TEST 2 SSH 1523 (LINEAR ALGEBRA)

vectors addition and scalar multiplication. Show all your work.

(i) S = { A ∈ M n×n det( A) = 0} ; V = M n×n . [3]

(b) Given that W is a set of all pairs of real numbers of the form (1, x) with the

operations

(1, x1 ) + (1, x2 ) = (1, x1 + x2 ) and k (1, x ) = (1, kx ) .

(ii) Find the zero vector in W. [2]

2. Given S = {2t 2 − t + 3, 4t 2 + t + 3, 8t 2 − t + 9} .

(ii) Find span (S). [2]

(i) Show that the vectors in S form a linearly dependent set in \ 4 . [4]

(ii) Express v 2 as a linear combination of the other two vectors in S. [4]

(iii) Find a basis of Span(S). [4]

(ii) Use the Gram-Schmidt process to transform S into an orthonormal basis of \ 3 . [8]

Test 2 – SSH1523 (Linear Algebra)

x + y + kz = 2

3x + 4y + 2z = k

2x + 3y – z = 1

By reducing the augmented matrix representing the above equation to REF, determine the

value (or values) of k so that the linear system has:

i) a unique solution

ii) an infinite solution, and

iii) no solution [7]

( x, y, z ) ⊕ ( x ', y ', z ') = ( x + x ', y, z + z ')

and

k : ( x, y, z ) = ( kx, ky , kz )

is not a vector space. List three properties of the definition of a vector space that fail to

hold. [6]

3. Determine which of the following subsets H of the given vector spaces V are subspaces:

(a) H = {( a, b ) : 2a + b = 3} ;V = \ 2 . [2]

⎧⎛ a b c ⎞ ⎫

(b) H = ⎨⎜ ⎟ : d ≤ 0, a, b, c, d ∈ \ ⎬ ;V = M 2×3 . [2]

⎩⎝ d 0 0 ⎠ ⎭

[5]

p2 ( x ) = 1 − x + 3 x 2 and p3 ( x ) = 3 + 2 x + 5 x 2 . [4]

5. (a) If S = {v1 , v2 ,..., vk } is a set of vectors in a vector space V, then give the definition

of span (S). [2]

⎧⎛ 1 1 ⎞ ⎛ 0 0 ⎞ ⎛ 1 0 ⎞ ⎛ 0 1⎞ ⎫

(b) Prove that the set S= ⎨⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟ ⎬ spansM 2×2 .

⎩⎝ 0 0 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1 ⎠ ⎝ 0 1 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1⎠ ⎭

[5]

6. (i) Explain what do you mean by S = {v1 , v2 ,..., vk } is a basis for a vector space V.

[2]

(iii) Determine whether the following sets are bases for the given vector space V:

(a) { }

1 + x + x 2 ,1 + 2 x − 3x 2 ;V = P2 .

(b) {(1,1, −1) , (1, −1, 2) , ( 0,1,1)} ;V = \ .

3

⎧⎛1 1 ⎞ ⎛ 0 0 ⎞ ⎛ 0 1⎞ ⎫

(c) ⎨⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟ ⎬ ;V = M 2×2 . [8]

⎩⎝1 0 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1⎠ ⎭

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