You are on page 1of 4

TEST 2 SSM 2ll3 (LINEAR ALGEBRA)

Direction: ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS Time : I r/rhours

(r
u.l.*r^r:a+d=01.
t. *:llt
Given S h o wt h a t w r s a s u b sopfaMcre, r .
LL' ct) )

2. G i v e nS = { ( t , 0 , 0 , - 1 ) , ( 0 , 1 , 0 , 1 ) , ( 1 , 1 , 1 , 1 ) , ( 0 , 0 , 1 , 1 ) } .

(i) Show that S doesnot span IRa.


(ii) Find span(S).
(iii) Find a subsetof ,Sthat is a basisfor span(S).

(iv) Express v =(0,4,2,6) as a linear combinationof the basisobtainedin part (iii).

3. Given S : trt +I, t -2, t +3) . DecidewhetherS is linearlyindependent


or not.

4. L e t W b e a s u b s p a coef l R a w i t ha b a s i sS = { ( 1 , 1 , 1 , 0 ) , ( - 1 , 0 , - 1 , 1 ) , ( - 1 , 0 , 0 , - 1 ) }

Transform S to be an orthonormal basis for W.

-NHS- Semester
II, 2004/2005
TEST 2 SSH 1523 (LINEAR ALGEBRA)

Direction : ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS Time : 1 ½ hours

1. (a) Decide whether S is a subspace of V or not. Use the usual operation of


vectors addition and scalar multiplication. Show all your work.
(i) S = { A ∈ M n×n det( A) = 0} ; V = M n×n . [3]

(ii) S = { f ∈ F f (2) = 1} ; V = F . [3]

(b) Given that W is a set of all pairs of real numbers of the form (1, x) with the
operations
(1, x1 ) + (1, x2 ) = (1, x1 + x2 ) and k (1, x ) = (1, kx ) .

(i) Show that W is commutative. [2]


(ii) Find the zero vector in W. [2]

2. Given S = {2t 2 − t + 3, 4t 2 + t + 3, 8t 2 − t + 9} .

(i) Show that S does not span P2 . [4]


(ii) Find span (S). [2]

3. Let S = { v1 , v 2 , v 3 } , where v1 = ( 0,3,1, −1) , v 2 = ( 6, 0,5,1) and v 3 = ( 4, −7,1,3) .

(i) Show that the vectors in S form a linearly dependent set in \ 4 . [4]
(ii) Express v 2 as a linear combination of the other two vectors in S. [4]
(iii) Find a basis of Span(S). [4]

4. Let S = {(1, 0, 0 ) , ( 3,1, −2 ) , ( 0, 7,1)} .

(i) Show that S is a basis of \ 3 . [4]


(ii) Use the Gram-Schmidt process to transform S into an orthonormal basis of \ 3 . [8]

~NHS~ Semester II, 2005/2006


Test 2 – SSH1523 (Linear Algebra)

September 2009 time:90 min

Answer ALL Questions.

1. Given the following linear system of equations:


x + y + kz = 2
3x + 4y + 2z = k
2x + 3y – z = 1

By reducing the augmented matrix representing the above equation to REF, determine the
value (or values) of k so that the linear system has:
i) a unique solution
ii) an infinite solution, and
iii) no solution [7]

2. Given T = {( x, y, z ) : x, y, z ∈ \} with the operations


( x, y, z ) ⊕ ( x ', y ', z ') = ( x + x ', y, z + z ')
and
k : ( x, y, z ) = ( kx, ky , kz )
is not a vector space. List three properties of the definition of a vector space that fail to
hold. [6]

3. Determine which of the following subsets H of the given vector spaces V are subspaces:
(a) H = {( a, b ) : 2a + b = 3} ;V = \ 2 . [2]

⎧⎛ a b c ⎞ ⎫
(b) H = ⎨⎜ ⎟ : d ≤ 0, a, b, c, d ∈ \ ⎬ ;V = M 2×3 . [2]
⎩⎝ d 0 0 ⎠ ⎭

(c) V = M n×n ; H is a set of skew-symmetric matrices of M n×n .


[5]

4. Determine whether 5 + 9x + 5x2 is a linear combinations of p1 ( x ) = 2 + x + 4 x 2 ,


p2 ( x ) = 1 − x + 3 x 2 and p3 ( x ) = 3 + 2 x + 5 x 2 . [4]

5. (a) If S = {v1 , v2 ,..., vk } is a set of vectors in a vector space V, then give the definition
of span (S). [2]
⎧⎛ 1 1 ⎞ ⎛ 0 0 ⎞ ⎛ 1 0 ⎞ ⎛ 0 1⎞ ⎫
(b) Prove that the set S= ⎨⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟ ⎬ spansM 2×2 .
⎩⎝ 0 0 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1 ⎠ ⎝ 0 1 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1⎠ ⎭
[5]

6. (i) Explain what do you mean by S = {v1 , v2 ,..., vk } is a basis for a vector space V.
[2]

(ii) Give an example of a standard basis for \ 3 and M 2 x 2 . [3]

(iii) Determine whether the following sets are bases for the given vector space V:
(a) { }
1 + x + x 2 ,1 + 2 x − 3x 2 ;V = P2 .
(b) {(1,1, −1) , (1, −1, 2) , ( 0,1,1)} ;V = \ .
3

⎧⎛1 1 ⎞ ⎛ 0 0 ⎞ ⎛ 0 1⎞ ⎫
(c) ⎨⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟,⎜ ⎟ ⎬ ;V = M 2×2 . [8]
⎩⎝1 0 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1 ⎠ ⎝ 1 1⎠ ⎭