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Abstract

Oinyi river were located at Kogi State , Nigeria. There was a cement factory near oinyi river. The
objectives of this research are to analyze Physical and Chemical Parameters in Surface Waters
nearby a Cement Factory in North Central, Nigeria. Water samples were collected from three
stations along the water of oinyi river. A study was done for a year. A total of 11 physical and
chemical parameters (temperature, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical
oxygen demand, electrical conductivity, nitrate, nitrite, pH, turbidity, total dissolved solids and
colour) were analyzed and results showed that pH (6.8 to 7.26), conductivity (106.0 to 211.7
μS/cm), colour (3.87 ± 0.159 Pt.Co), turbidity (14 - 22.7 NTU), biochemical oxygen demand
(2.05 -2.89 mg/l), chemical oxygen demand (17.19 ± 0.15 mg/l), temperature (24˚C to 27˚C) and
However, total dissolved solids (52.7 to 108.8 mg/l), dissolved oxygen (6.02 to 7.01 mg/l),
nitrite (0.01 - 0.09 mg∙l−1), nitrate (0.045 ± 0.006 mg∙l−1), showed variations within the
sampling stations. Maximum conductivity (211.7 μS/cm), colour (5.83 Pt.Co), turbidity (22.7
NTU), total dissolved solids (108.8 mg/l), nitrite (0.09 mg/l) and nitrate (0.006 mg/l)
values were recorded at station 2 which is the discharge point of industrial waste. River water did
show significant pollutional increase at impacted site during the present study. the cement
effluent discharged into the river lessened water quality with significant or corresponding
effect on the biota of the studied area, thus paving way for clear assertion that the water quality
deterioration was as a result of the impacts of the waste water from cement industry.

Keywords
Cement, Oinyi River, Water Quality, Water Pollution, Environtment.