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© 1993, 2010 Fisher Controls International LLC

General Specification
FGS 4L6
Revision E

Seat Leak Tests for Single and Double-Offset HPBV's

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 3
2. REFERENCES............................................................................................................................... 3
3. TEST REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................ 3
3.1 General Test Requirements .................................................................................................. 3
3.2 Test Procedure A ..................................................................................................................... 4
3.3 Test Procedure B ..................................................................................................................... 5
3.4 Test Procedure C ..................................................................................................................... 5
4. RELEASE/REVISION RECORD ............................................................................................ 11

TABLES
Table 1: Maximum Leakage Rates per MSS SP - 61 ......................................................................... 4
Table 2: Maximum Water Leakage: Metal Seals w/Back-Up O-Rings ........................................ 6
Table 3: Maximum Water Leakage: Metals Seals w/o Back-Up O-Rings ................................... 7
Table 4: Maximum Air Leakage: Metal Seals w/Back-Up O-Rings ............................................. 8
Table 5: Maximum Air Leakage: Metals Seals w/o Back-Up O-Rings ........................................ 9
Table 6: Product Type, Seal Construction, and Test Procedures ................................................. 10

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

1. SCOPE
This specification covers seat leak test performed on all single and double-offset high
performance butterfly valves manufactured by Fisher Controls, unless otherwise specified on
Large and/or Special Contract (LSC) documentation. The tests described herein are
acceptance tests and are not necessarily indicative of the leakage that will occur in the field or
that may be expected under different test conditions.
This specification is in accordance with ASME/ANSI B16.34 and MSS SP-61with the
exception of the leakage rates expressed in Tables 2 - 5 and the test pressures specified in Test
Procedure A for the sizes greater than 12 inch.

2. REFERENCES
(a) ASME/ANSI B16.34, Valves – Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End
(b) MSS SP-61, Pressure Testing of Steel Valves
(c) FGS 4L5, Seat Leak Tests for Control Valves

3. TEST REQUIREMENTS

3.1 General Test Requirements


The following test requirements apply to Test Procedure A, B, and C:
3.1.1 The seat leak test shall be conducted after an acceptable hydrostatic shell test.
3.1.2 Leakage flow and pressure measurements shall be accurate to ± 10% of reading.
3.1.3 The test duration is the period of inspection after the valve is fully prepared and is
under full test pressure. The duration of the seat leak test shall be no less than the following:

Valve Size (NPS) Test Duration (sec)


2 & Smaller 15
2 1/2 – 8 30
10 – 18 60
20 & Larger 120

3.1.4 The test medium shall be applied to the normal or specified valve body inlet per Table
6. The valve body outlet shall be connected to a low head low measuring device.

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

3.2 Test Procedure A

3.2.1 Test medium shall be clean air or nitrogen gas at 50 - 125°F (10-52°C).
3.2.2 The test pressure shall be 80 – 100 psig.
3.2.3 When the leakage flow has stabilized for the required test duration (see Section 3.1.3),
the quantity shall not exceed 0.1 scfh per unit of NPS (see Table 1 below) or the appropriate
value as specified in the product FGS.

Table 1: Maximum Leakage Rates per MSS SP - 61

Valve Size Maximum Leakage Rate


(NPS) (scfh)
2 0.2
3 0.3
4 0.4
6 0.6
8 0.8
10 1.0
12 1.2
14 1.4
16 1.6
18 1.8
20 2.0
24 2.4
30 3.0
36 3.6
42 4.2
48 4.8

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

3.3 Test Procedure B

3.3.1 Test medium shall be clean water at 50 - 125°F (10 - 52°C)

3.3.2 The test pressure shall be not less that 110% of the 100°F rating per ASME/ANSI
B16.34.
3.3.3 When the leakage flow has stabilized for the required test duration (see Section 3.1.3),
the quantity shall not exceed the appropriate value in Tables 2 or 3, unless otherwise
specified in Table 6.

3.4 Test Procedure C

3.4.1 Test medium shall be clean air at 50 - 125°F (10 - 52°C).

3.4.2 The test pressure shall be not less than 110% of the 100°F rating per ASME/ANSI
B16.34.
3.4.3 When the leakage flow has stabilized for the required test duration (see Section 3.1.3),
the quantity shall not exceed the appropriate value in Tables 4 or 5, unless otherwise
specified in Table 6.

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

Table 2: Maximum Water Leakage: Metal Seals w/Back-Up O-Rings

Maximum Allowable Leakage


Valve Size ANSI Class
(NPS) 150 300 600 900 1500
Ml/min gph Ml/min gph Ml/min gph Ml/min gph Ml/min gph
2 1/2 8.2 -- 19.6 -- 32.8 -- -- -- -- --
3 9.5 -- 22.7 -- 37.9 -- 48.6 -- 63.1 --
4 10.1 -- 24.6 -- 41.0 -- 54.3 -- 69.4 --
5 13.3 -- 32.2 -- 53.6 -- 68.8 -- 88.3 --
6 15.1 -- 35.3 -- 60.6 -- 77.6 -- 101.0 --
8 18.9 -- 46.7 -- 78.2 -- 100.3 -- -- 2.0
10 24.0 -- 57.4 -- 97.2 -- 124.3 -- -- 2.5
12 29.0 -- 66.9 -- 114.2 -- -- 2.32 -- 3.0
14 31.6 -- 77.0 -- -- 2.04 -- 2.62 -- 3.4
16 37.2 -- 89.6 -- -- 2.37 -- 3.04 -- 3.9
18 41.6 -- 99.7 -- -- 2.64 -- 3.38 -- 4.4
20 45.4 -- 109.8 -- -- 2.91 -- 3.73 -- 4.8
22 48.6 -- 117.4 -- -- 3.11 -- 3.99 -- 5.2
24 51.7 -- 124.9 -- -- 3.31 -- 4.24 -- 5.5
26 56.8 -- -- 2.18 -- 3.65 -- 4.68 -- 6.0
28 59.9 -- -- 2.30 -- 3.85 -- 4.94 -- 6.4
30 63.1 -- -- 2.41 -- 4.03 -- 5.17 -- 6.7
36 75.7 -- -- 2.90 -- 4.85 -- 6.22 -- 8.0
42 88.3 -- -- 3.38 -- -- -- -- -- --
48 101.0 -- -- 3.87 -- -- -- -- -- --
54 112.3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
60 124.9 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
66 -- 2.18 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
72 -- 2.37 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

Table 3: Maximum Water Leakage: Metals Seals w/o Back-Up O-Rings

Maximum Allowable Leakage


Valve Size ANSI Class
(NPS) 150 300 600 900 1500
Ml/min gph Ml/min gph Ml/min gph Ml/min gph Ml/min gph
2 1/2 19.6 -- 46.7 -- 78.2 -- -- -- -- --
3 22.7 -- 53.0 -- 90.9 -- -- 2.31 -- 3.0
4 30.3 -- 68.1 -- 113.6 -- -- 2.49 -- 3.3
5 36.6 -- 86.4 -- -- 2.30 -- 3.27 -- 4.2
6 45.4 -- 106.0 -- -- 2.88 -- 3.69 -- 4.8
8 57.4 -- -- 2.21 -- 3.72 -- 4.77 -- 6.0
10 72.6 -- -- 2.76 -- 4.61 -- 5.91 -- 7.5
12 87.7 -- -- 3.17 -- 5.42 -- 6.96 -- 9.0
14 95.3 -- -- 3.65 -- 6.12 -- 7.86 -- 10.2
16 112.3 -- -- 4.27 -- 7.11 -- 9.12 -- 11.7
18 124.3 -- -- 4.75 -- 7.92 -- 10.10 -- 13.2
20 -- 2.16 -- 5.21 -- 8.73 -- 11.20 -- 14.4
22 -- 2.52 -- 6.07 -- 9.33 -- 12.00 -- 15.6
24 -- 2.64 -- 6.36 -- 9.93 -- 12.70 -- 16.5
26 -- 2.90 -- 6.86 -- 11.00 -- 14.00 -- 18.0
28 -- 2.98 -- 7.13 -- 11.60 -- 14.80 -- 19.2
30 -- 3.00 -- 7.22 -- 12.10 -- 15.50 -- 20.1
36 -- 3.60 -- 8.66 -- 14.60 -- 18.70 -- 24.0
42 -- 4.87 -- 11.59 -- -- -- -- -- --
48 -- 5.57 -- 13.25 -- -- -- -- -- --
54 -- 6.26 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
60 -- 6.96 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
66 -- 7.61 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
72 -- 8.21 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

Table 4: Maximum Air Leakage: Metal Seals w/Back-Up O-Rings

Valve Size Maximum Leakage Rate


(NPS) (scfh)
2 6
3 8
4 11
5 13
6 16
8 21
10 26
12 32
14 37
16 42
18 47
20 52
22 58
24 63
26 68
28 73
30 79
32 84
36 94
42 110
48 125
54 141
60 157
66 173
72 189

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

Table 5: Maximum Air Leakage: Metals Seals w/o Back-Up O-Rings

Valve Size Maximum Leakage Rate


(NPS) (scfh)
2 9
3 14
4 18
5 22
6 27
8 35
10 44
12 53
14 62
16 71
18 79
20 88
22 96
24 105
26 113
28 122
30 131
32 140
36 157
42 183
48 209
54 235
60 261
66 287
72 313

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

Table 6: Product Type, Seal Construction, and Test Procedures

Product Type Seal Construction Test Flow Direction(1) Maximum Leakage


Procedure
A11, A31, Novex A Reverse Table 1(2)
A31A Novex See Note 3 Reverse Class VI(3)
Phoenix III A Reverse None Allowed
Phoenix III B Reverse None Allowed
Phoenix III C Reverse None Allowed
Metal Seal B Reverse Tables 2 & 3
Metal Seal C Reverse Tables 4 & 5
Soft Seal A Both(4) None Allowed
Soft Seal B Both(4) None Allowed
Soft Seal C Both(4) None Allowed

A41 Novex A Reverse Table 1(2)


Phoenix III A Forward None Allowed
Soft Seal A Both None Allowed

A81 Soft Seal A Both None Allowed


Metal Seal A Both Table 1
Note: (1) In offset-shafted butterfly valves, forward flow refers to the retaining ring side of the valve body as
being the valve inlet, while reverse flow refers to the side of the valve body opposite the retaining
ring as being the valve inlet.
(2) Applies to ion-nitrided seals with chrome or ENC plated discs. For seals without ion-nitriding or
discs with Alloy 6 hardfacing, use Table 4 leak rates.
(3) ANSI/FCI 70-2 Class VI shut-off is attained with Novex seals by using a special construction. Refer
to FGS 4L5, Test Procedure Type C and use FGS 4L5, Table 2 leak rates.
(4) Preferred flow direction is reverse.

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General Specification FGS 4L6
Revision E

4. RELEASE/REVISION RECORD
Release/Revision: A
Date: 5-27-93
Written by: Paul Dalluge
Approved: Gary Icenogle
Date Approved: 5-27-93
Department: Engineering, Marshalltown
File Name: G04L06_*.doc

Revision: D
Date Revised: 22 September 2008
Revised by: Pam Damman
Checked by: Paul Dalluge
Date Checked: 22.Sep.2008
ECRN: 20081662
Reason: Updated the subject leakage specs to current product offerings. Add A81 product
type to Table 6.

Revision: E
Date Revised: 20.May.2010
Revised by: Kim Curley
Checked and Approved by: Paul Dalluge
Date Checked and Approved: 20.May.2010
ECRN: 20101098
Reason: Table 6: Revised Type A31A soft seal flow direction, added soft seal to Type A41.

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