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ES 31 – Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer

BALAWIT, Leizel L.
Laboratory Exercise
29 October 2018

1. The pressure gage on a 2.5m³ oxygen tank reads 500 kPa. Determine the
amount of oxygen in the tank if the temperature is 28°C and the atmospheric pressure is
97 kPa.

Given: Sol’n:
V =2.5 m³ Pv = mRT
𝑃𝑣
Pgage =500kPa m=𝑅𝑇
Patm =97kPa Pabs = Pgage+Patm
T =28°C+273=301 K =500kPa + 97kPa
R =0.2598kJ/kg•K =597 kg

(597𝑘𝑃𝑎)(2.5𝑚3 )
𝑚= 0.2598𝑘𝐽
( )(301𝐾)
𝑘𝑔•𝐾
=19.09kg

2. A 400 L rigid tank contains 5 kg of air at 25°C. Determine the reading on the
pressure gage if the atmospheric pressure is 97 kPa.

Given: Sol’n:
m =5kg Pv = mRT
T =25°C = 273 = 298K 𝑃 = 𝑚𝑅𝑇/𝑣
𝑘𝑃𝑎•𝑚3
(5𝑘𝑔)(0.287 )(298𝐾)
𝑘𝑔•𝐾
R =0.287 kPa•m³/kg•K = .4𝑚3
Patm =97kPa =1069.075 kPa
V =400 L = .4m³ Pgage = P – Patm
=1069.075 kPa – 97kPa
=972.075 kPa

3. A 1 m³ tank containing air at 25°C and 500 kPa is connected to a valve to


another tank containing 5 kg of air at 35°C and 200 kPa. Now the valve is opened, and
the entire system isallowed to reach thermal equillibrium with the surroundings, which
are at 20°C. Determine the volume of the second tank and the final equillibrium
pressure of air.

Given:
Vtank1 = 1m³
Ttank1 =25°C + 273=308 K
Ptank1 = 500 kPa
Mtank2 = 5 kg
Ttank2 =35°C+273 = 308 K
Ptank2 =200 kPa
Tsurroundings =20°C + 273 = 293 K
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ES 31 – Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer

R =0.287kJ/kmol•K

Sol’n:

P𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘1v𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘1
m𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘2 =
RT𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘1

(500 𝑘𝑃𝑎)(1𝑚3 )
=
𝑘𝐽
(0.287 ) (298𝐾)
𝑘𝑔 • 𝐾

=5.85 kg

m𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘2𝑅𝑇𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘2
v𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘2 =
P𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑘2

𝑘𝐽
(5 𝑘𝑔) (0.287 ) (308𝐾)
𝑘𝑔 • 𝐾
=
(200 𝑘𝑃𝑎)

= 2.21 m³
Vtotal = 1m³ + 2.21m³ = 3.21m³
Mtotal = 5kg + 5.85kg = 10.85kg
𝑚𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙𝑅𝑇𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠
𝑃𝑓𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙 =
𝑉𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑘𝐽
(10.85𝑘𝑔) (0.287 ) (293𝐾)
𝑘𝑔 • 𝐾
3.21𝑚3
= 284.23 kPa

4. The pressure in an automobile tire depends on the temperature of the air in the
tire. When the air temperature is 25°C, the pressure gage reads 210 kPa. If the volume
of the tire is 0.025 m³, determine the pressure rise in the tire when the air temperature in
the tire rises to 50°C. Also determine the amount of air that must be bled off to restore
pressure to its original value at this temperature. Assumethe atmospheric pressure is
100 kPa.

Given:
Pgage =210 kPa
Patm =100 kPa
R =0.287 kJ/kg•K
T1 =25°C + 273 = 298 K
T2 =50°C + 273 = 323K
V =0.025 m³

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ES 31 – Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer

Sol’n:
P1 =Pgage + Patm
=210 kPa + 100 kPa
=310 kPa
𝑚1𝑅𝑇2
𝑚1 =
𝑣
(310 𝑘𝑃𝑎)(0.025𝑚3 )
=
𝑘𝐽
(0.0287 ) (298 𝐾)
𝑘𝑔 • 𝐾
= 0.09062 kg

𝑚1𝑅𝑇2
𝑃2 =
𝑣
𝑘𝐽
(0.09062𝑘𝑔) (0.0287 ) (323𝐾)
𝑘𝑔 • 𝐾
=
0.025𝑚³
= 336.02 kPa
Prise = 336.02 kPa – 310 kPa
= 26.02 kPa

𝑃1𝑣
𝑚2 =
𝑅𝑇2
(310 𝑘𝑃𝑎)(0.025𝑚3)
=
𝑘𝐽
(0.0287 ) (323 𝐾)
𝑘𝑔 • 𝐾
= 0.08360
Mfinal = 0.09062 kg – 0.08360 kg
= .00702 kg