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PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA, CALI CAMPUS

SCHOOL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES


DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION & LANGUAGE
FINAL EXAMINATION OF ENGLISH IV FOR ENGINEERING GROUPS

STUDENT’S NAME __________________________________________CODE ________________

LECTURER’S NAME _________________________________________

Answer the following questions based on the paper “University-Industry (U-I) cooperation: a framework of
benefits and obstacles” written by Eva María Mora Valentín, by circling a,b, c, or d on your answer sheet.

I. Abstract

1. According to the text, what is considered a social duty?

a. Higher education experience b. Industrial innovation. c. Cultural change. d. U-I Cooperation.

II. Introduction

2. The author’s purpose in this paper is:

a. To present a literature review of the latest U-I relationship interaction.


b. To distinguish the kind of studies in U-I collaboration.
c. To identify obstacles to U-I cooperation.
d. To examine different ways to overcome the problem of U-I relationships.

3. All of the following are reasons why U-I alliances should be analyzed, EXCEPT:

a. The importance attributed to U-I research institute. .


b. The lack of environmental consciousness.
c. The evolution of current relationship into a more complex one.
d. The incidence of U-I alliances into the national R&D policy.

4. The word hinder in paragraph 3 line 6 in the introduction can be changed by:
In this context, HINDER means:

a. expand. b. limit. c. help. d. hide.

Motivation and Benefits

5. According to this paper, the most comprehensive contribution to U-I is the one that:

a. Links benefits with expected motivations.


b. Relates the most important motivations.
c. Joins motivations to benefits.
d. Joins cultural and institutional benefits.

6. According to Lopez-Martinez et Al, Chen and Hallmark, all of the following are benefits of U-I alliances EXCEPT:

a. Different technological transfer.


b. University social responsibility achievement.
c. U-I profit share.
d. The direct university benefit from technological projects.

7. The statements presented below correspond to the traditional expectations universities have in their relationships with
industry except for:

a. The education of excellent graduate students.


b. The contribution to science through innovations.
c. The issue of scientific publications in the technological spheres.
d. The help with implementation of well-being conditions for society.

8. According to the information presented in table 1, the epistemological motivation corresponds to the structural
motivation because:
a. It produces innovative scientists.
b. It tries to influence on university and industry by means of a multi-varied sphere.
c. It reduces costs and keeps on improving competitiveness.
d. It strongly updates the contemporary science base.

BARRIERS TO COOPERATION

9. In this section of the paper, the author mentioned all of the following, except:

a. The University-Industry (U-I) relationship is achievable.


b. In the U-I relationship each partner deals with different cultures.
c. University and Industry have different approaches about how to conduct research.
d. U-I agreements have tended to share mutual benefits.

10. According to the passage, a synonym of the word “breakthroughs” in table 1 section Strategic Benefits is:

a. setbacks b. obstacles. c. advances d. experiences

11. The author states all of the following in this section of the paper except:

a. There have been different myths distorting the reality of the U-I relationship.
b. A lot of work has been done to bridge the gap in U-I cooperation.
c. Many studies have just pointed out the problems between U-I relationship.
d. The industry usually works guided by a fast rate of prosperity and growth.

12. According to Figure 1 and Table 1, which statement is not true?

a. The U conducts basic research to raise the value of knowledge


b. The U-I relationship allows the university to get access to applicable knowledge
c. Applied research is done by the University to get prompt benefits
d. The Industry is actively engaged in developing workable projects

13. According to Table 1, when the Industry obtains Technological spin-off benefits from contract work, this means that:

a. The industry derives a beneficial product or effect from contract work.


b. The University and the industry rotate the responsibilities over the contract work
c. The U-I agreement in technology turns into a difficult innovative progress
d. Both partners (U-I) have access to technological advances

14. According to Table 1, all of the following can be considered as political motivations except:

a. Both university and Industry search for increasing their respective public credit facing scientific opinion.
b. The government provides accreditation of quality to universities and industries.
c. The Us and the Is are aware of the importance to act promptly as government initiatives demand.
d. The government encourages the integration of science, technology and industrial policy.

Studies concerning obstacles to cooperation


15. What does a delay in publishing results imply?

a. Both academic researchers and businesses haven’t agreed on the copyright terms.
b. Universities demand patent applications as soon as possible.
c. There might be some flaws in patent publication procedures.
d. It might spoil the researcher’s career.

16. One of the following statements is true.

a. Universities are limitless to research in the topics proposed by companies.


b. Both firms and academies ought to convene an implicit agreement to meet publication dates.
c. Peer scientific consensus determines the extent of the research publication.
d. Joint publication fortifies the U-I relationship.

17. According to the reading what is the maximum deadline to issue the results of a research?

a. up to half of a year. b. a quarter of a semester . c. a couple of years. d. six months and up

Appropriation of the research results.


18. Businesses aim at tight agreements for appropriation of research results as …

a. They foster the exploitation of critical knowledge by academic researchers.


b. They provide academies the chance to accomplish incomes from the research.
c. It avoids academics to take advantage from the project profits.
d. It strengthens university cooperation to start its own business start up.

19. Why has communication between higher education and firms become unsuccessful?

a. Because both universities and businesses have granted that privilege to intermediaries.
b. Because they haven’t conciliated their perspectives, so a third party is needed.
c. Because the academy has been responsive about the industry needs.
d. Because companies do not care about the research services given by universities.

20. What can be inferred from the statement “university and industry speak different languages” given by Lopez &
Martinez?

a. There is no balance in the way information is publicly presented.


b. There are difficulties in the way knowledge is conveyed from the know-how of the scientific community.
c. They face difficulties in terms of which channel should be used for conveying scientific information.
d. There are code shortcomings when publishing the results of a project.

21. The connector “whereas” in the section research term can be substituted by

a. Despite. b However. c. Hence. d. As.

22. One of these issues DOES NOT belong to obstacles concerning cooperation:

a. The hindrances stated by the companies in terms of biased research issues to be dealt.
b. The agreed deadlines business and universities consent to publish the results of the research.
c. The way universities and industries would convey the values and results of a research.
d. Aspects concerning copyright autonomy in order to avoid opportunistic profits from the parties.

Culture
23. One of the following IS NOT feature of academic communities:

a. Academic communities generate knowledge.


b. Universities concern about profit making projects profitability.
c. Intellectual property is commonly shared.
d. Research findings are freely published.

24. Based on the information presented in this section, one of the following IS NOT a feature of industrial communities:

a. Research findings are kept in privacy.


b. Industry aims its efforts towards making profit.
c. Research findings are periodically published.
d. Companies do not produce knowledge.

ADRIANA CORRECT FROM HERE


Studies that suggest ways of overcoming the obstacles
25. One of the following principles was not undertaken in the approach proposed by Webster and Etzkowitz:

a. Copyrights and recognition should be granted to the academic corporate party and the funding sponsor as well.
b. The encouragement towards continuous meetings oriented to study the aspects of the ongoing project.
c. Information ought to have certain limits in order to be issued.
d. It is recommended to have a managerial and academic structure aimed at assessing the extent of the project.

26. What does Lopez-Martinez et al’s approach suggest?

a. The incorporation of a legal framework aimed at avoiding patent conflicts between the partners.
b. The likelihood of giving the chance to universities to have economic development from the projects.
c. Third parties are relevant in terms of conciliating both universities and business expectations.
d. All of the above.