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User Manual

TUDA1
tuda1_r2e

TDM data interfaces

XMC20
XMC20
TUDA1 User Manual

Copyright and Confidentiality Copyright in this document vests in KEYMILE. This document contains confi-
dential information which is the property of KEYMILE. It must be held in con-
fidence by the recipient and may not be used for any purposes except those
specifically authorised by contract or otherwise in writing by KEYMILE. This
document may not be copied in whole or in part, or any of its contents dis-
closed by the recipient to any third party, without the prior written agreement
of KEYMILE.

Disclaimer KEYMILE has taken reasonable care in compiling this document, however
KEYMILE accepts no liability whatsoever for any error or omission in the
information contained herein and gives no other warranty or undertaking as
to its accuracy.
KEYMILE reserves the right to amend this document at any time without
prior notice.

Document PEC EN/LZTBU 372 123/2 RB

Document release XMC20 R4C/R6B | 11 December 2015

Published by KEYMILE
http://www.keymile.com
User Manual
TUDA1

Content

1 Preface 7
1.1 Precautions and Safety 7
1.2 Symbols and Notations 7
1.3 Interfaces and Circuit Categories 7
1.4 Document History 8
1.5 Target Audience 8
1.6 Definition of Terms 8

2 Introduction 9
2.1 General 9
2.2 Unit View 11
2.3 Block Diagram 12

3 Functions and Specifications 13


3.1 Feature Licences 13
3.2 Summary of Standards 14
3.3 DCE functions and Specifications 16
3.4 DCE physical Layers 20
3.5 MAC Bridging 24
3.6 General Functions and Specifications 25

4 Installation 27
4.1 Prerequisites 27
4.2 Slots and Deployment Scenarios for the TUDA1 Unit 28
4.3 Interoperability and Compatibility 29
4.4 Connections and Cables 32

5 Functional Description 38
5.1 Data Interface Functions 38

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5.2 Network Applications 48


5.3 Conferencing 53
5.4 Data Handling 62
5.5 Control Signal Handling 67
5.6 Timing Handling 83
5.7 Protection 88

6 Commissioning 95
6.1 Profiles 95
6.2 Commissioning of a DCE Interface 97
6.3 Commissioning of a Conference 101

7 Operation 105
7.1 Unit optical Indicators 105
7.2 Loops 106
7.3 DCE Interface Line State Maintenance 109
7.4 DTE send and idle Time Restrictions 111
7.5 Maintenance 113

8 User Interface Reference 116


8.1 Introduction 116
8.2 Profiles 118
8.3 AP: / unit-x: TUDA1 120
8.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, y = 1 … 4 129
8.5 AP: / unit-x / port-y, y = 5 152
8.6 AP: / unit-x / conf-z 163
8.7 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a 165

9 Annex 176
9.1 Associated XMC20 Documents 176
9.2 Technical Support 177
9.3 Product Training 177

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Figures

Figure 1: DTEs connected in a star network, with conference 9


Figure 2: TUDA1 unit view 11
Figure 3: TUDA1 functional block diagram 12
Figure 4: XMC25 subrack with 19 TUDA1 units and 1 STM14 unit 28
Figure 5: XMC23 subrack with 6 TUDA1 units and 1 SELI8 unit 28
Figure 6: Front view of the front panel connectors 33
Figure 7: Side view of the XMC25 cable tray and cables 37
Figure 8: RS485 2-wire and 4-wire modes 40
Figure 9: RS485 2-wire receive data driver control 41
Figure 10: Oversampling when DTE delivers a clock signal 45
Figure 11: Oversampling when DTE delivers no clock signal 45
Figure 12: WAN encapsulation 46
Figure 13: WAN encapsulation 46
Figure 14: Point-to-point application with TUDA1 48
Figure 15: Point-to-multipoint linear application with TUDA1 49
Figure 16: Point-to-multipoint star application with TUDA1 50
Figure 17: Multipoint-to-multipoint linear application with TUDA1 51
Figure 18: Multipoint-to-multipoint star application with TUDA1 52
Figure 19: Conference resource usage example with 4 conferences 55
Figure 20: PBUS resource usage example with 4 conferences 57
Figure 21: Local conference on TUDA1 59
Figure 22: Conference in the P2MP application 59
Figure 23: Conference in the MP2MP application 60
Figure 24: Data transport 62
Figure 25: Conference data transport, MP2MP 64
Figure 26: Conference data transport, P2MP 65
Figure 27: Control signal handling overview 68
Figure 28: Control signal status to SA, SB and S mapping 70
Figure 29: Frame alignment status to X mapping 72
Figure 30: Control signal status to a-bit and b-bit mapping 73
Figure 31: Control signal transport 74
Figure 32: Conference control signal transport, MP2MP 78
Figure 33: Conference control signal transport, P2MP 80
Figure 34: Codirectional timing 83
Figure 35: Contradirectional timing 83
Figure 36: Port timing signals 85
Figure 37: Transmit timing 86
Figure 38: Unidirectional 1+1 protection 89
Figure 39: 1+1 equipment protection 93
Figure 40: Fault indication LEDs on the TUDA1 unit 105
Figure 41: Loops 2b, 3b and 3c 106
Figure 42: Loop 2b 107
Figure 43: Loop 3b 107
Figure 44: Loop 3c 108

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Figure 45: Send time and idle time supervision 112


Figure 46: MOM (managed object model) of the TUDA1 unit 116

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Preface User Manual
TUDA1

1 Preface

1.1 Precautions and Safety

Before you handle any equipment you must comply with the safety advices.
Adherence to the safety instructions ensures compliance with the safety
requirements as defined in EN 60950 (Safety of Information Technology
Equipment).
Please refer to the following document:
[202] Safety Instructions “Precautions and safety”.

1.2 Symbols and Notations

This User Manual uses the following symbols:

Risk of operating trouble!


Indicates that an action may lead to operating trouble or loss of data.
→ Possible actions are given.

Please note:
Shows significant information.
→ Possible actions are given.

1.3 Interfaces and Circuit Categories

Table 1: Electrical interfaces and circuit categories


TUDA1 interface Circuit category according Max. rating
to EN 60950-1 Voltage Current
Local power supply TNV2 < 72 VDC < 0.2 A
V.35 / Appendix II SELV <1V < 10 mA
V.35 / V.28 SELV < 25 V < 100 mA
X.24 / V.11 TNV1 <6V < 150 mA
V.24 / V.28 SELV < 25 V < 100 mA
RS485 TNV1 <6V < 200 mA
Ethernet SELV <3V < 10 mA

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1.4 Document History

Table 2: Document history


KEYMILE PEC Date XMC20 Changes since previous version
Release
LZTBU 372 123/2 RB November 2015 R6B Revision for the XMC20 system releases R4C and R6B
LZTBU 372 123/2 RA March 2015 R6A Revision for the XMC20 system release R6A
LZTBU 372 123/1 RA February 2015 R4C First revision for the XMC20 system release R4C

1.5 Target Audience

This User Manual is targeted at persons who are entrusted with the installa-
tion, provisioning, operation and administration of the system.
The persons targeted are
• the installation personnel, and/or
• the provisioning personnel, and/or
• the operation and administration personnel

Please note:
Only trained and skilled personnel (maintenance staff as per EN 60950) may
install and maintain the system.

1.6 Definition of Terms

Table 3: Specific terms


Term Explanation
Receive direction Direction from the DCE interface (TUDA1) towards the DTE

transmit
TUDA1
DTE
receive (DCE)

Transmit direction Direction from the DTE towards the DCE interface (TUDA1)

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2 Introduction

2.1 General

This document describes the architecture and functions of the TUDA1 unit
and shows, how this unit is commissioned and operated as part of the
XMC20.
The TUDA1 unit is a 1-slot wide service unit of XMC20. It supports four data
interfaces and one Ethernet bridge port.
Each data interface is independently configurable as DCE interface type
• V.24/V.28,
• V.35 (Appendix II),
• X.24/V.11, or
• RS485.
The DCE interfaces support the following transmission modes:
• Asynchronous mode for subrates from 0.6 kbit/s to 38.4 kbit/s.
• Synchronous mode for subrates from 0.6 kbit/s to 56 kbit/s.
• Synchronous mode for nx64 data rates from 1x64 kbit/s to 31x64 kbit/s.
• Oversampling mode for data rates from 0 kbit/s to 600 kbit/s.
The synchronous nx64 transmission modes provide the codirectional or con-
tradirectional timing operation.
The Ethernet bridge port is implemented as 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX inter-
face according to IEEE Std. 802.3-2002.
Beside the data access TUDA1 offers the possibility to establish data confer-
ences with participants from the TUDA1 unit or any data circuit available in
the XMC20.
XMC20 XMC20

TDM data
TUDA1
Network
TUDA1 DTE
Data
Confer-
XMC20
ence
data TDM data
DTE Network
TUDA1 DTE

P12 transport unit

Figure 1: DTEs connected in a star network, with conference

The TUDA1 unit as a XMC20 TDM unit provides PBUS (XMC20 TDM bus)
access.

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TUDA1 has an access capacity of 32 x 2 Mbit/s towards the XMC20 internal


cross connection backplane, PBUS, allowing access of the four data user
ports, the Ethernet bridge port and of up to 212 data conferences with up to
848 participants in total.
The following network features will help to enhance the systems availability:
• 1+1 linear trail protection switching.
• 1+1 linear subnetwork connection protection switching.
A more economical use of the network resources can be achieved by the
features like:
• Point-to-multipoint linear networks (P2MP)
• Multipoint-to-multipoint linear networks (MP2MP)
The multipoint networks are using the data conferences.
TUDA1 is connected to a TDM transport unit as e.g. a STM14 unit via the
PBUS in the backplane of XMC20.

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2.2 Unit View

Figure 2: TUDA1 unit view

Figure 2 "TUDA1 unit view" shows the TUDA1 unit hardware. On the front
plate are two LEDs for the unit- and traffic failure indication. The connectors
for the four data interfaces are of type Metral ® with 4x6 male contacts.
The Ethernet interface uses a standard RJ-45 connector.

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2.3 Block Diagram

PBUS Access
Cross 1 x P12 nx64 kbit/s Ethernet
Connect - 1+1 protection interface

Front Connectors
1
PBUS Access

DCE interface
nx64 kbit/s - X.24/V.11 2
Cross 4 x P12
- CAS time slot - V.35 3
Connect
- 1+1 protection Subrate - V.24/V.28 4
< 64 kbit/s - RS485
PBUS Access

Cross 27 x P12 Conferencing


Connect - 1+1 protection

Host processor
Backplane access

Subrack
internal
communication

Power

Figure 3: TUDA1 functional block diagram

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3 Functions and Specifications


The TUDA1 unit provides the following functions and conforms to the corre-
sponding standards and recommendations (conformance to applicable parts
of the standards).

3.1 Feature Licences

This unit is subject to one or several feature licences. The following licences
are available for this unit.

Table 4: Feature licences relevant for this unit


Licence ID Short Description Description
FL_Topt Lic TUDA1 options Feature Licence for 1+1 linear trail protection, (Multi-) Point-to-
Multipoint operation with linear and centralized data conferenc-
ing in various topologies, with TUDA1 - right to use per card.

For more information on feature licences please refer to [012] Release Note
“XMC20” and to [915] Technical Bulletin “Feature Licences for XMC20”.

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3.2 Summary of Standards

Table 5: Standards
Feature Standard
Data transport - ETSI EN 300 417-5-1 V1.2.1, 2001-10 r1a
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic
requirements of transport functionality of equip-
ment; Part 5-1: Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
(PDH) path layer functions
- ETSI EN 300 417-2-1 V1.2.1, 2001-10
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic
requirements of transport functionality of equip-
ment; Part 2-2: Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
(SDH) and Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH)
physical section layer functions
- ETSI EN 300 417-1-1 V1.2.1, 2001-10
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic
requirements of transport functionality of equip-
ment; Part 1-1: Generic processes and perfor-
mance
- ITU-T I.460, 02/99 r2e
Multiplexing, rate adaptation and support of exist-
ing interfaces
- ITU-T V.14, 03/93
Transmission of start-stop characters over syn-
chronous bearer channels
- ITU-T V.110, 02/2000
Support by an ISDN of data terminal equipments
with V-Series type interfaces
ITU-T X.30, 03/93
Support of X.21, X.21bis and X.20bis based Data
Terminal Equipments (DTEs) by an Integrated Ser-
vices Digital Network (ISDN)

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Table 5: Standards (continued)


Feature Standard
Data interfaces - ITU-T V.11, X.27, 10/96 r1a
Electrical characteristics for balanced double-cur-
rent interchange circuits operating at data signal-
ing rates up to 10 Mbit/s
- ITU-T V.24, 02/2000
List of definitions for interchange circuits between
data terminal equipment (DTE) and data circuit-ter-
minating equipment (DCE)
- ITU-T V.28, 03/93
Electrical characteristics for unbalanced double-
current interchange circuits
- ITU-T V.35, 10/84
Data transmission at 48 kilobits per second using
60-108 kHz group band circuits
- ITU-T X.21, 09/92
Interface between Data Terminal Equipment and
Data Circuit-terminating Equipment for synchro-
nous operation on public data networks
- ITU-T X.21bis, 11/88
Use on public data networks of Data Terminal
Equipment (DTE) which is designed for interfacing
to synchronous V series modems
- ITU-T X.24, 11/88
List of definitions for interchange circuits between
Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) and Data Circuit-
terminating Equipment (DCE) on public data net-
works

- TIA/EIA-485-A, 1998
Electrical characteristics of generators and receiv-
ers for use in balanced digital multipoint systems
- ITU-T X.20, 11/88 r2e
Interface between Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)
and Data Circuit-terminating Equipment (DCE) for
start-stop transmission services on public data net-
works
- ITU-T X.20bis, 11/88
Use on public data networks of Data Terminal
Equipment (DTE) which is designed for interfacing
to asynchronous duplex V-Series modems
Synchronization and timing - ISO/IEC 9543, 1989-04-01 r1a
Information processing systems – Information
exchange between systems – Synchronous trans-
mission signal quality at DTE/DCE interfaces
- ISO/IEC 7480, 1991-12-15 r2e
Information technology – Telecommunications and
information exchange between systems – Start-
stop transmission signal quality at DTE/DCE inter-
faces

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Table 5: Standards (continued)


Feature Standard
Ethernet transport - ISO/IEC 13239 r2a
Information technology -- Telecommunications and
information exchange between systems -- High-
level data link control (HDLC) procedures

- ANSI/IEEE Std 802.1D, 1998


IEEE Standard for Information technology. Tele-
communications and information exchange
between systems. Local and metropolitan area
networks. Common specifications Part 3: Media
Access Control (MAC) Bridges
- IEEE Std 802.3-2002
IEEE Standard for Information technology — Tele-
communications and information exchange
between systems — Local and metropolitan area
networks — Specific requirements Part 3: Carrier
sense multiple access with collision detection
(CSMA/CD) access method and physical layer
specifications
Ethernet management - RFC1493 r2a
Definitions of Managed Objects for Bridges
- RFC2131
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
- RFC2132
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
- RFC2674
Definitions of Managed Objects for Bridges with
Traffic Classes, Multicast Filtering and Virtual LAN
Extensions
- RFC3396
Encoding Long Options in the Dynamic Host Con-
figuration Protocol (DHCPv4)
- RFC3442
The Classless Static Route Option for Dynamic
Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 4
- RFC3942
Reclassifying Dynamic Host Configuration Proto-
col version 4 (DHCPv4) Options
Performance parameters and limits - ITU-T G.826, 12/2002 r1a
End-to-end error performance parameters and
objectives for international, constant bit-rate digital
paths and connections
Maintenance functions - ITU-T V.54, 11/88 r1a
Loop test devices for modems
- ITU-T X.150, 11/88
Principles of maintenance testing for public data
networks using Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)
and Data Circuit terminating Equipment (DCE) test
loops

3.3 DCE functions and Specifications

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Table 6: DCE functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Number of available DCE interfaces 4 r1a
Type of interfaces individually selectable by the configuration manage-
ment:
X.24/V.11
V.24/V.28
V.35
RS485 4-wire
RS485 2-wire
User data rates of < 64 kbit/s synchronous r2e
0.6 to 56 kbit/s (X.30 or V.110)

Note: With 0.6 kbit/s according to V.110, only the 40


ms frame is supported.
With 56 kbit/s a frame according to table 7b/V.110
or 7c/V.110 can be used. The alternative structure
(table 7c/V.110) offers additional timing and control
information.
User data rates of < 64 kbit/s asynchronous r2e
0.6 to 38.4 kbit/s (X.30 or V.110)

Note: Bit rates below 600 bit/s and between the


offered standard bit rates can be transported using
oversampling.
Selection between X.30 and V.110 framing according to the selected DCE interface type: r2e
X.24/V.11 → X.30
V.24/V.28 → V.110
V.35 → V.110
User data rates of nx64 kbit/s synchronous r1a
nx64 kbit/s, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
nx64 kbit/s, n = 1 to 30, with use of CAS for control
signal transport
Synchronization r1a
- DCE interface synchronous mode Synchronized to the network element (NE) timing
source.
With X.24/V.11, V.24/V.28 and V.35 type interfaces:
Contradirectional or codirectional timing
- DCE interface asynchronous mode Asynchronous subrate DCE signals adjusted to the r2e
network element (NE) timing source by manipulat-
ing the stop bits.
DCE output jitter, < 64 kbit/s, synchronous (data, control in accordance with ISO 9543 r2e
and timing signals)
- jitter peak to peak S, 114, 115 ≤ 30%
- duty cycle of S, 114, 115 50 ± 10%
- timing displacement of the receive data and control ≤ 20%
signals (peak) in relation to S, 115 (OFF to ON)

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Table 6: DCE functions and specifications (continued)


Feature Rating or standard Release
DCE output jitter, < 64 kbit/s, asynchronous in accordance with ISO 7480 r2e
(data signals)
- minimum duration of any start or data or parity signal ≥ 60%
element
- average character interval (CI), averaged over 2 char- ≥ CI - 20% UI
acters
- minimum character interval (CI) ≥ CI - 40% UI
DCE output jitter, nx64 kbit/s r1a
- Intrinsic jitter peak-peak on the clock signals ≤ 50 ns in the frequency range of 20 Hz to 100 kHz
- timing accuracy better than 50 ppm peak
DCE output jitter, nx64 kbit/s in accordance with ISO 9543 r1a
(data, control and timing signals)
- jitter peak-peak S, 114, 115 ≤ 30%
- duty cycle S, 114, 115 50 ± 10%
DCE jitter tolerance, < 64 kbit/s, synchronous in accordance with ISO 9543 r2e
(data, control and timing signals)
- jitter peak-peak X, 113 (ON to OFF) ≤ 1%
- duty cycle X, 113 50 ± 10%
- timing displacement of the transmit data and control ≤ 45%
signals (peak, codirectional timing) in relation to X,
113 (ON to OFF)
- timing displacement of the transmit data and control ≤ 30%
signals (peak, contradirectional timing) in relation to
114 (OFF to ON)
DCE jitter tolerance, < 64 kbit/s, asynchronous in accordance with ISO 7480. r2e
(data signals)
- minimum duration of any start or data or parity signal ≥ 90%
element
- average character interval (CI), averaged over 2 char- ≥ CI - 8% UI
acters
- minimum character interval (CI) ≥ CI - 16% UI
DCE jitter tolerance, nx64 kbit/s in accordance with ISO 9543 r1a
(data, control and timing signals)
- jitter peak-peak X, 113 (ON to OFF) ≤ 1%
- duty cycle X, 113 50 ± 10%
- timing displacement of the transmit data and control ≤ 45%
signals (peak, codirectional timing) in relation to X,
113 (ON to OFF)
- timing displacement of the transmit data and control ≤ 30%
signals (peak, contradirectional timing) in relation to S,
114 (OFF to ON)
DCE to DCE transfer delay Maximum one way transfer delay from DCE inter- r1a
face to DCE interface excluding any network delays

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Table 6: DCE functions and specifications (continued)


Feature Rating or standard Release
- < 64 kbit/s, synchronous maximum one way transfer delay from DCE inter- r2e
face to DCE interface excluding any network delays
600 bit/s:≤ 60 ms
1200 bit/s:≤ 25 ms
2400 bit/s:≤ 15 ms
4800 bit/s:≤ 8 ms
9600 bit/s:≤ 4 ms
19200 bit/s:≤ 1.9 ms
38400 bit/s:≤ 1.4 ms
48000 bit/s:≤ 1.2 ms
56000 bit/s:≤ 1.2 ms
- < 64 kbit/s, asynchronous maximum transfer delay from DCE interface to DCE r2e
interface excluding any network delays
600 bit/s:≤ 60 ms
1200 bit/s:≤ 25 ms
2400 bit/s:≤ 15 ms
4800 bit/s:≤ 8 ms
9600 bit/s:≤ 4 ms
19200 bit/s:≤ 2.5 ms
38400 bit/s:≤ 1.4 ms
- nx64 kbit/s, contradirectional timing ≤ 600 μs with fixed transmit timing. r1a
≤ 600 μs + 250/n μs with phase adaptive transmit
timing
- nx64 kbit/s, codirectional timing ≤ 600 μs + 250/n μs r1a

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3.4 DCE physical Layers

Table 7: V.24/V.28 DCE physical layer functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Interface circuits V.24 - 102GNDsignal ground or common return r1a
(unused circuits are kept in the OFF state) - 103TxDtransmitted data
- 104RxDreceived data
- 105RTSrequest to send
- 106CTSready for sending
- 107DSRdata set ready
- 108DTRdata terminal ready
- 109DCDdata channel rec. line sig. det.
- 113TTtransmitter signal element timing
- 114STtransmitter signal element timing
- 115RTreceiver signal element timing
- 141LLlocal loopback
- 142TM test indicator
- Signal direction to DCE circuits 103, 105, 108, 113, 141
- Signal direction from DCE circuits 104, 106, 107, 109, 114, 115, 142
Electrical characteristics r1a
- circuits 103, 105, 108, 113 and 141 as receivers according to V.28
- circuits 104, 106, 107, 109, 114, 115 and 142 as trans- according to V.28
mitters
Polarities r1a
- 103, 104 = 0 - UA> 3 V(system logic: level low)
- 103, 104 = 1 - UA< -3 V(system logic: level high)
- all other circuits = ON - UA> 3 V(system logic: level low)
- all other circuits = OFF - UA< -3 V(system logic: level high)
User data rates available nx64 kbit/s synchronous, n = 1 to 2 r1a
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 30, with CAS
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
< 64 kbit/s synchronous r2e
≤ 38.4 kbit/s asynchronous
Maximum line length at the maximum available data 15 m r1a
rate

Table 8: X.24/V.11 DCE physical layer functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Interface circuits X.24 - Gsignal ground or common return) r1a
(unused circuits are kept in the OFF state) - Ttransmit
- Rreceive
- Ccontrol
- Iindication
- Ssignal element timing
- Bbyte timing
- Fframe start indication
- XDTE transmit signal element timing
- Signal direction to DCE circuits T, C, X
- Signal direction from DCE circuits R, I, S, B, F

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Table 8: X.24/V.11 DCE physical layer functions and specifications (continued)


Feature Rating or standard Release
Electrical characteristics r1a
- Circuits T, C and X as receivers according to V.11 (X.27)
- Equivalent terminating resistor 125 Ω ± 10%.
- Circuits R, I, S, B and F as transmitters according to V.11 (X.27)
Polarities r1a
- R, T = 0 - UA-UB≥ 0.3 V(system logic: level low)
- R, T = 1 - UA-UB≤ -0.3 V(system logic: level high)
- C, I, S, B, F, X = ON - UA-UB≥ 0.3 V(system logic: level low)
- C, I, S, B, F, X = OFF - UA-UB≤ -0.3 V(system logic: level high)
User data rates available nx64 kbit/s synchronous, n = 1 to 30, with CAS r1a
nx64 kbit/s synchronous, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 30, with CAS
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
< 64 kbit/s synchronous r2e
≤ 38.4 kbit/s asynchronous
Maximum line length at the maximum available data 15 m with contradirectional timing r1a
rate 50 m with codirectional timing

Table 9: V.35 DCE physical layer functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Interface circuits V.35 - 102GNDsignal ground or common return r1a
(unused circuits are kept in the OFF state) - 103TxDtransmitted data
- 104RxDreceived data
- 105RTSrequest to send
- 106CTSready for sending
- 107DSRdata set ready
- 108DTRdata terminal ready
- 109DTRdata terminal ready
- 113TTtransmitter signal element timing.
- 114STtransmitter signal element timing
- 115RTreceiver signal element timing
- 141LLlocal loopback
- 142TMtest indicator

Note: The signal list is according to ITU-T V.36, i.e.


the signals 113, 141 and 142 are added to the sig-
nal list of V.35. The signal 108 has been added
from the V.24 signal list.
- Signal direction to DCE circuits 103, 105, 108, 113, 141
- Signal direction from DCE circuits 104, 106, 107, 109, 114, 115, 142
Electrical characteristics r1a
- Circuits 103 and 113 as receivers according to V.35
- Circuits 105, 108 and 141 as receivers according to V.28
- Circuits 104, 114 and 115 as transmitters according to V.35
- Circuits 106, 107, 109 and 142 as transmitters according to V.28

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Table 9: V.35 DCE physical layer functions and specifications (continued)


Feature Rating or standard Release
Polarities r1a
- 103, 104 = 0: - UA-UB> 0 V(system logic: level low)
- 103, 104 = 1: - UA-UB< 0 V(system logic: level high)
- 113, 114, 115 = ON: - UA-UB> 0 V(system logic: level low)
- 113, 114, 115 = OFF: - UA-UB< 0 V(system logic: level high)
- all other circuits = ON: - UA> 3 V(system logic: level low)
- all other circuits = OFF: - UA< -3 V(system logic: level high)
User data rates available nx64 kbit/s synchronous, n = 1 to 30, with CAS r1a
nx64 kbit/s synchronous, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 30, with CAS
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
< 64 kbit/s synchronous r2e
≤ 38.4 kbit/s asynchronous
Maximum line length at the maximum available data 15 m with contradirectional timing r1a
rate 50 m with codirectional timing
20 m if V.28 signals are used

Table 10: RS485 DCE physical layer functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Interface circuits RS485 4-wire - 102GNDsignal ground or common return r1a
(unused circuits are kept in the OFF state) - 103TxDtransmitted data
- 104RxDreceived data

The signal 103 acts as a single receiver with multi-


ple drivers (DTEs).
The signal 104 acts as a single driver with multiple
receivers (DTEs).

Note: The signals 103 and 104 shall not be con-


nected together outside TUDA1.
Interface circuits RS485 2-wire - 102GNDsignal ground or common return r1a
(unused circuits are kept in the OFF state) - 103/104TxD/RxD transmitted/received data

The signal 103 acts as a single receiver with multi-


ple drivers (DTEs).
The signal 104 acts as a single driver with multiple
receivers (DTEs).
- Signal direction to DCE circuits 103
- Signal direction from DCE circuits 104
Electrical characteristics r1a
- Circuit 103 as receivers according to RS485
- Bus terminating resistor of the circuit 103 125 Ω ± 10%

Note: It is assumed, that a second bus terminating


resistor with the same value as above is placed at
the end of the bus cables.
- Circuit 104 as transmitters according to RS485

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Table 10: RS485 DCE physical layer functions and specifications (continued)
Feature Rating or standard Release
Polarities r1a
- 103, 104 = 0: - UA-UB> 0.2 V(system logic: level low)
- 103, 104 = 1: - UA-UB< -0.2 V(system logic: level high)
User data rates available 0 to 600 kbit/s in oversampling mode r1a
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 30, with CAS
nx64 kbit/s oversampling, n = 1 to 31, without CAS
Maximum line length at the maximum available data 50 m r1a
rate

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3.5 MAC Bridging

Table 11: MAC bridging functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Ethernet ports r2a
- Number of Ethernet ports 1
electrical
- Interface type 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX
- Interface mode Auto - MDI/MDI-X
- Electrical connection Connector RJ-45
Impedance 100 ± 15 Ω for the frequency band from
1 to 100 MHz
Ethernet traffic layers r2a
- Ethernet modes - 10BASE-T half duplex
- 10BASE-T full duplex
- 100BASE-TX half duplex
- 100BASE-TX full duplex
- Autonegotiation
- Bridging Transparent MAC bridging according to IEEE
802.1D, using one bridge instance.
Note: The spanning tree protocol is not supported.
- Packet forwarding Packets are forwarded from the LAN to the WAN
port and vice versa, i.e. between the Ethernet inter-
faces and the P0-nc channel.
Packets that can not be forwarded are discarded:
- filtered according to the information in the bridge
hash table.
- lack of system resources
- MAC learning Dynamic MAC address table, 4000 entries.
- Frame format IEEE Std. 802.3-2005
- Frame size up to 1600 Bytes
- Ingress buffer sizes (towards TDM port) 4x 64 frames
- Egress buffer size (towards Ethernet port) 128 frames
- Number of ingress queues 4
- Number of egress queues 1
- Support of profiles for the ingress queue mapping
- Throughput over P0-31c, frame size 64 to 1’518 bytes 1.9 Mbit/s r2a
WAN protocols r2a
- HDLC HDLC is used as logical link control protocol as
underlying layer of the MAC frames.

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3.6 General Functions and Specifications

Table 12: General functions and specifications


Feature Rating or standard Release
Front connectors data interface Metral ® r1a
4x6 male contacts
Front connector Ethernet interface RJ-45 r1a
No hardware settable options on the unit All unit parameters are software settable with the r1a
element manager
Hot swapping You can replace a TUDA1 unit without interfering r1a
with any other units. No actions on powering, con-
figuration or commissioning need to be taken if you
remove/replace a TUDA1 unit
PBUS access 32 x P12 r1a
Cross connections Flexible cross connections to any other XMC20 r1a
TDM unit on the P0_nc traffic layer
Conferences Logical addition of the data signals: r1a
- Wired-AND
Logical addition of the CAS signalling signals:
- Wired-AND
- Conference type Multipoint-to-multipoint,
Point-to-multipoint
Conferences nx64 kbit/s r1a
- Maximum number of conferences per unit 212 with up to 4 participants, 1x64 kbit/s
106 with up to 8 participants, 1x64 kbit/s
53 with up to 16 participants, 1x64 kbit/s
- Maximum number of participants per conference 16, 1 … 31x64 kbit/s
- Maximum bandwidth per participant 31x64 kbit/s
- Maximum bandwidth per conference 496x64 kbit/s
- Maximum bandwidth per unit 848x64 kbit/s
Conferences subrate In addition to the nx64 kbit/s conferences r2e
- Maximum number of conferences per unit 3 with up to 4 participants
1 with up to 8 participants
1 with up to 12 participants
- Maximum number of participants per conference 12
Equipment protection r1a
- Switching type 1:1 equipment protection
- Protection mode non revertive
- Switching time 1 conference:
< 6 s with removal of the active unit
< 1 s with manual or forced switching
212 conferences:
< 60 s

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Table 12: General functions and specifications (continued)


Feature Rating or standard Release
Traffic protection r1a
- Linear trail protection 1+1 unidirectional, revertive
1+1 unidirectional, non revertive
- SNC/I protection 1+1 unidirectional, revertive
1+1 unidirectional, non revertive
- Switching time < 50 ms
Performance monitoring G.826 parameters r1a
Octet slips
Protection switchover events
MIB-2 statistics r2a
Alarm reporting ITU-T X.733 (1992) r1a
Information technology – open systems intercon-
nection – systems management: Alarm reporting
function
Maintenance r1a
- Test pattern insertion Per user port and conference participant
- Out of service Per user port and conference participant
Loops Data and signalling r1a
- Loop 2b Remote loop, back-to-back
- Loop 3b Local loop, front-to-front
- Loop 3c Local loop, front-to-front
Power consumption r1a
- Power supply range VBAT refer to [201] System Description “XMC20”
- Maximum current consumption, IVBAT 115 mA
VBAT = -48 V
- Maximum total power requirement from battery, PTOT 5.5 W
VBAT = nominal voltage
Mechanical parameters r1a
- Construction practice 19 inch
- Height of unit (1 HU = 44.45 mm) 6 HU
- Width of unit (1 TE = 5.08 mm) 4 TE (1 slot)
- Size of the PCB (H x D) 233 mm x 220 mm
- Weight 400 grams
- RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament
and of the Council of 27.1.2003 on the Restriction
of the use of certain hazardous substances in elec-
trical and electronic equipment
- WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament
and of the Council of 27.1.2003 on waste electrical
and electronic equipment
Reliability r1a
- Calculated MTTF at 35 °C (MIL-HDBK-217F) 77 years
Emission refer to [201] System Description “XMC20” r1a
Immunity refer to [201] System Description “XMC20” r1a
Safety refer to [201] System Description “XMC20” r1a
Ambient conditions refer to [201] System Description “XMC20” r1a

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4 Installation

4.1 Prerequisites

Before installing a TUDA1 unit take care to follow the safety advice as listed
in [202] Safety Instructions “Precautions and safety”.
Valid combinations of hardware (HW) and embedded software (ESW) ver-
sions are given in [012] Release Note “XMC20”.
For the installation of XMC20 HW
refer to [301] User Guide “XMC25 Installation”, or
refer to [310] User Guide “XMC23 Installation”, or
refer to [322] User Guide “XMC22 Installation”.

Please note:
The XMC22 subrack is not available in the system release R4C.

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4.2 Slots and Deployment Scenarios for the TUDA1 Unit

The TUDA1 unit uses one slot in the XMC20 subrack.


In a XMC20, the TUDA1 unit can be operated in any of the following slots:
• XMC25: 1 … 10, 12 … 21.
• XMC23: 7 … 10, 12 … 14.
• XMC22: 9 … 10, 12.
Slot 11 is reserved for the working COGE5 unit.
In maximum 20 TUDA1 units (without network connection) can be operated
in a XMC25. The number of TUDA1 units is reduced when using TDM trans-
port units as connection to the TDM network.
XMC25
Slot Slot Slot
1 11 21

T T T T T T T T T T C T T T T T T T T T S TDM
U U U U U U U U U U O U U U U U U U U U T Network
D D D D D D D D D D G D D D D D D D D D M
A A A A A A A A A A E A A A A A A A A A 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4

n x 2 Mbit/s

Figure 4: XMC25 subrack with 19 TUDA1 units and 1 STM14 unit

The example above shows a XMC25 subrack equipped with 19 TUDA1


units, i.e. 76 user data ports, which can be transported over a number of 2
Mbit/s links over the TDM network.
XMC23
Slot Slot Slot
7 11 14

T T T T C T T S TDM
U U U U O U U E Network
D D D D G D D L
A A A A E A A I
1 1 1 1 5 1 1 8

n x 2 Mbit/s

Figure 5: XMC23 subrack with 6 TUDA1 units and 1 SELI8 unit

The example above shows a XMC23 subrack equipped with 6 TUDA1 units,
i.e. 24 user data ports, which can be transported over a number of 2 Mbit/s
Pseudo Wires through a packet network to another TDM network.

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4.3 Interoperability and Compatibility

4.3.1 XMC20 Units

The deployment of a TUDA1 unit in XMC20 is compatible with any other


XMC20 unit.

4.3.1.1 Interoperability of TUDA1 configured as DCE

Table 13: Interoperability with SDSL8 + DTM, SDSL8 + DTU


Interworking Criteria Units to interwork with TUDA1
SDSL8 + DTM SDSL8 + DTU
DCE interfaces X.24/V.11 Yes (X.21) Yes (X.21)
V.35 Yes Yes
V.24/ V.28 Yes (n ≤ 2) No
RS485 No a No a
Interface rates n x 64 kbit/s Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 31)
Subrates Yes No
Network SNCP/I Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 31)
functions LTP No No
Point to multipoint No b No b
Control signal trans- Yes No
port 105 → 109
Control signal trans- No No
port 108 → 107

a. Interoperability is possible if the remote side DCE interface is not RS485.


b. It is possible to connect a DTE attached to a SDSL8 port to a TUDA1 conference.

4.3.1.2 Interoperability of TUDA1 configured as MAC bridge

Table 14: Interoperability with ETAG1, SDSL8 + DTM, SDSL8 + DTU


Interworking Units to interwork with TUDA1
Criteria ETAG1 SDSL8 + DTM SDSL8 + DTU
LAN-WAN bridge Supported Supported Supported
HDLC
WAN-WAN bridge Supported Not supported Not supported
Maximum frame 1500 1600 1600
length
WAN interface nx64 n ≤ 31 n ≤ 31 n ≤ 31
kbit/s

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4.3.2 UMUX Units

4.3.2.1 Interoperability of TUDA1 configured as DCE

Table 15: Interoperability with DATAx, UNIDA, SULIC + NTU, STICx + DTM or DTU
Interworking Criteria Units to interwork with TUDA1
DATAx UNIDA SULIC + NTU STICx + DTM STICx + DTU
431 - 438
DCE interfaces X.24/V.11 DATAS, DATAT, 433/436/438 Yes Yes (X.21) Yes (X.21)
DATA1, DATA5
V.35 DATAS, DATAV, 432/437 Yes Yes Yes
DATA3, DATA5
V.24/ V.28 DATAS, DATAR, 431 Yes (n ≤ 2) Yes (n ≤ 2) No
DATA4, DATA5
RS485 DATAS, DATA5 No a No a No a No a
Interface rates n x 64 kbit/s Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 2) Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 31)
Subrates Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Network SNCP/I DATAS, DATAR, 431, 432/437, Yes (n ≤ 2) Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 31)
functions DATAT, DATAV 433/436
LTP DATAS, DATAR, 431, 432/437, Yes (n ≤ 2) No No
DATAT, DATAV 433/436
Point to multi- DATAS, DATAR, 431, 432/437, Yes (n ≤ 2) Yes (n ≤ 31) Yes (n ≤ 31)
point DATAT, DATAV 433/436
Control signal Yes Yes Yes b Yes No
transport 105 →
109
Control signal Yes b Yes b Yes b No No
transport 108 →
107

a. Interoperability is possible if the remote side DCE interface is not RS485.


b. Control signal transport is available for subrates only.

4.3.2.2 Interoperability of TUDA1 configured as MAC bridge

Table 16: Interoperability with DATAx, ETER1, LAWA4, LEMU6, STICx + DTM or DTU
Interworking Criteria Units to interwork with TUDA1
DATAx ETER1 LAWA4, STICx + DTM STICx + DTU
LEMU6
LAN-WAN bridge HDLC Supported Supported Not supported Supported Supported
WAN-WAN bridge Not supported Supported Supported Not supported Not supported
Maximum frame length 1600 1500 1500 1600 1600
WAN interface nx64 kbit/s n ≤ 31 n ≤ 31 n ≤ 31 n ≤ 31 n ≤ 31

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4.3.3 Previous ESW Revisions

The TUDA1 unit with ESW release tuda1_r2e was first released for the
XMC20 system release R4C. The ESW is compatible with the XMC20 sys-
tem releases R6A and R6B.

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4.4 Connections and Cables

4.4.1 Connectors and Signals

The TUDA1 unit provides individual connectors for each of the five front
interfaces. The four DCE interface connectors use a 24 pin Metral connector,
the Ethernet interface uses a RJ-45 connector.
The pin assignment of the five front panel connectors is shown in Figure 6
"Front view of the front panel connectors" and in Table 17 below.
The Ethernet interface connector exhibits 2 LEDs indicating the status of the
Ethernet connection:
• Upper LED (yellow): Blinking when a packet is received (activity LED).
• Lower LED (green): Steady light when the link is up and running (link
LED).
There is no difference in the indications if the link is half or full duplex or if
the link speed is 10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX.

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TU R1A Connector port -5


37900358
untiltet front view

pin 1

pin 8
port -5

Connectors port -1 to port -4


port -4 untiltet front view

A B C D
1
port -3
2

4
port -2
5

6
port -1
Notch for the cable
latching clip

Figure 6: Front view of the front panel connectors

Please note:
The connectors of port-1 to port-5 are tilted by 39°.
The pin assignment of the DCE connector is dependent of the configured
interface type:

Table 17: DCE interface connectors


Pin X.24/V.11 V.35 V.24/V.28 RS485
A1
A2 103a a

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Table 17: DCE interface connectors (continued)


Pin X.24/V.11 V.35 V.24/V.28 RS485
A3 103b a
A4 Ta 103a 103
A5 Tb 103b
A6 Ground Ground Ground Ground
B1 141 141
B2 X/B/Fa 113a 113
B3 X/B/Fb 113b
B4 Ra 104a 104 104a b
B5 Rb 104b 104b b
B6 Ground Ground Ground Ground
C1 Ca 105 105
C2 Cb
C3 Ia 109 109
C4 Ib
C5 114a 114
C6 114b
D1 107 107
D2 108 108
D3 106 106
D4 142 142
D5 Sa 115a 115
D6 Sb 115b

a. In the RS485 2-wire mode this pin is used for transmit and receive.
b. In the RS485 2-wire mode this pin is not used.
The pin assignment of the Ethernet connector is as follows:

Table 18: Ethernet interface connector


Pin MDI MDI-X
1 Tx+ Rx+
2 Tx- Rx-
3 Rx+ Tx+
4 - -
5 - -
6 Rx- Tx-
7 - -
8 - -

4.4.2 DCE Cables

For each interface type, cables are available which provide the adaptation of
the universal unit connector to the dedicated interface type connector:
Since no DCE connector is standardized for RS485 only the unterminated
cable, i.e. without connector, is offered for the RS485 interface type.

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Cables are also offered without the dedicated interface connector, i.e. unter-
minated.
For details on TUDA1 cables, please refer to [506] User Manual “XMC20
cables”.

Please note:
The latching clips of the unit side connectors must be positioned to the left
side to insert the connector correctly.

4.4.2.1 Cable for X.24/V.11 interfaces

• Terminated cable
A terminated cable is used to connect the X.24/V.11 data interface to the
DTE. The DCE end of the X.24/V.11 cable uses a 15-pole D-sub female
connector, according to ISO 4903.
• Unterminated cable
An open ended or unterminated cable with 8 pairs is used to connect the
X.24/V.11 data interface to the MDF or can be equipped with a customer
specific connector.

4.4.2.2 Cable for V.35 interfaces

• Terminated cable
A terminated cable is used to connect the V.35 data interface to the DTE.
The DCE end of the V.35 cable uses a 34-pole female connector, accord-
ing to ISO 2593.

Please note:
The signal list of the V.35 interface is according to ITU-T V.36, i.e. the sig-
nals 113, 141 and 142 are added to the signal list of V.35. The circuit 108
has been added from the V.24 signal list.
• Unterminated cable
An open ended or unterminated cable with 12 pairs is used to connect
every pin of the data interface connector to the MDF or can be equipped
with a customer specific connector.

4.4.2.3 Cable for V.24/V.28 interfaces

• Terminated cable
A terminated cable is used to connect the V.24/V.28 data interface to the
DTE. The DCE end of the X.24/V.11 cable uses a 25-pole D-sub female
connector, according to ISO 2110.
• Unterminated cable
An open ended or unterminated cable with 12 pairs is used to connect
every pin of the data interface connector to the MDF or can be equipped
with a customer specific connector.

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4.4.2.4 Cable for RS485 interfaces

• Unterminated cable
An unterminated cable with 4 pairs is used to connect the RS485 data
interface to the MDF or can be equipped with a customer specific con-
nector.
Since no DCE connector is standardized for RS485 only the unterminated
cable, i.e. without connector, is offered for the RS485 interface type
It is up to the customer to attach the desired type of connector.

4.4.2.5 Cable accessing every connector pin

• Unterminated cable
An open ended or unterminated cable with 12 pairs is used to connect
every pin of the data interface connector to the MDF or can be equipped
with a customer specific connector.

4.4.3 Ethernet Cables

The Ethernet interface layout is per default according to the host layout, but
implements automatic crossover functionality (MDI/MDI-X), i.e. it can adapt
itself automatically to work with a host or a switch. The interface therefore
works with crossover and straight cables.
The following media types are supported:

Table 19: Ethernet media types


IEEE standard Distance Media type
10BASE-T 100 m Category 3 UTP or better
100BASE-TX 100 m Category 5 UTP or better

Please note:
A straight Ethernet cable is available from KEYMILE.

4.4.4 Fixing the Cables to the Cable Tray

The cables must be attached to the cable tray of the XMC25 or the corre-
sponding device of the XMC23 or XMC22.
The figure below shows the cable/cable tray assembly of the XMC25.

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In
L e te rfa
N u n g ce
mb th typ
er e

In
te
rf
L ace
N u e ngt typ
m h e
be
r

In
Le te rf
N n ac
um gth e ty
be pe
r

In
Len terf
N g ace
um th ty
be pe
r

285 mm

Number
Length
Interface type

265 mm

Number
Length
Interface type

235 mm

Number
Length
Interface type

205 mm

Number
Length
Interface type

175 mm

Figure 7: Side view of the XMC25 cable tray and cables

Please note:
The cable route on the cable tray should follow approximately the projection
of the unit slot on the cable tray.
With the XMC23 and XMC22 the cable tray functionality is implemented dif-
ferently and depends on the type of installation (rack-, wall-mounted).
For more information on fixing the cables with the XMC23 or XMC22 refer to
[310] User Guide “XMC23 Installation” or refer to [322] User Guide “XMC22
Installation”.

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5 Functional Description
This chapter gives the detailed functional description of the TUDA1 unit in
the XMC20 subrack.

5.1 Data Interface Functions

5.1.1 DCE Interfaces

Each data port of the TUDA1 unit is individually configurable to one of the
following DCE interface types:
• X.24 / V.11
• V.35
• V.24 / V.28
• RS485 4-wire
• RS485 2-wire
The following data, control and timing signals are available, depending of the
interface type and the transmission mode:

Table 20: Data, control and timing signals with their electrical characteristics a
Signal description Signal Signal DCE interface type DCE interface type
X.24 / V.24 type direction synchronous asynchronous or oversampling
X.24/ V.35 b V.24/ RS485 X.24/ V.35 b V.24/ RS485
V.11 V.28 V.11 V.28
Signal ground or common - - G 102 102 - G 102 102 102
return - - - - - - -
Transmit / Transmitted Data to T 103 103 - T 103 103 103
data DCE (V.11) (V.35) (V.28) (V.11) (V.35) (V.28) (RS485)
Receive / Received data Data from R 104 104 - R 104 104 104
DCE (V.11) (V.35) (V.28) (V.11) (V.35) (V.28) (RS485)
Control / Request to send Control to C 105 105 - C 105 105 -
DCE (V.11) (V.28) (V.28) (V.11) (V.28) (V.28)
- / Ready for sending Control from - 106 106 - - 106 106 -
DCE (V.28) (V.28) (V.28) (V.28)
- / Data set ready Control from - 107 107 - - 107 107 -
DCE (V.28) (V.28) (V.28) (V.28)
- / Data set to line Control to - 108 108 - - 108 108 -
DCE (V.28) (V.28) (V.28) (V.28)
Indication / Data channel Control from I 109 109 - I 109 109 -
received line signal detec- DCE (V.11) (V.28) (V.28) (V.11) (V.28) (V.28)
tor

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Table 20: Data, control and timing signals with their electrical characteristics a (continued)
Signal description Signal Signal DCE interface type DCE interface type
X.24 / V.24 type direction synchronous asynchronous or oversampling
X.24/ V.35 b V.24/ RS485 X.24/ V.35 b V.24/ RS485
V.11 V.28 V.11 V.28
DTE transmit signal ele- Timing to X c, d 113 d 113 d - - - - -
ment timing / Transmitter DCE (V.11) (V.35) (V.28)
signal element timing
(DTE)
Signal element timing / Timing from S 114 114 - - - - -
Transmitter signal element DCE (V.11) (V.35) (V.28)
timing (DCE)
Signal element timing / Timing from S 115 115 - - - - -
Receiver signal element DCE (V.11) (V.35) (V.28)
timing (DCE)
Byte timing, Frame start Timing from B/F c, e - - - - - - -
identification / Transmitted DCE (V.11)
character timing
- / Local loopback Control to - 141 141 - - 141 141 -
DCE (V.28) (V.28) (V.28) (V.28)
- / Test indicator Control from - 142 142 - - 142 142 -
DCE (V.28) (V.28) (V.28) (V.28)

a. Table entries in brackets designate the electrical interface characteristics.


b. The signal list of the V.35 interface is according to ITU-T V.36, i.e. the signals 113, 141 and 142 are added to the signal
list of V.35. The circuit 108/1 has been added from the V.24 signal list.
c. Only one of the X.24 signals X, B and F can be used at the same time since they all use the same connector pin.
d. Not available with subrates
e. With subrates only B is available.

Risk of operating trouble!


The byte and frame timing signals should only be used with user signals with
a bit rate ≤ 4x64 kbit/s. With higher user data rates the probability of timing
problems is increased.

Please note:
The transmit data or timing signals can not be used to synchronize the net-
work element.
The following table shows which functions are available in which combina-
tions:

Table 21: Function relationship


Transmission User data rate Timing signal Transport DCE interface type
mode [kbit/s] [kHz] mode V.35 V.24/V.28 RS485
X.24/V.11
Asynchronous 0.6 … 38.4 0.6 … 38.4 Subrate yes yes no
Synchronous 0.6 … 56 0.6 … 56 Subrate yes yes no
Synchronous nx64 nx64, n ≤ 2 nx64 kbit/s yes yes no
a
Synchronous nx64 nx64, n ≤ 31 nx64 kbit/s yes no no
a, b
Oversampling 0 … 128 nx64, n ≤ 31 nx64 kbit/s yes yes yes
Oversampling 0 … 600 nx64, n ≤ 31 a, b nx64 kbit/s yes no yes

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a. With CAS enabled the timing signal is n ≤ 30.


b. This signal is only used internally to sample the data signal. On the DCE interface none of the timing interchange circuits
will be activated.

The V.11 and RS485 receivers are terminated with a 125 Ω resistor.
The RS485 interface can be configured to 4-wire (full duplex mode) or to 2-
wire (half duplex mode). In the 4-wire mode the circuit 103 and circuit 104
must be connected to separate wire pairs. In the 2-wire mode the connector
pins of the transmit interface (103) are used:

TUDA1 TUDA1
RS485 2-wire RS485 4 -wire

Transmit 103 Transmit 103

Receive 104 Receive 104

Figure 8: RS485 2-wire and 4-wire modes

5.1.2 RS485 2-wire Control

With the RS485 2-wire interface type the receive and transmit data signals
share the same wire pair. Only half duplex transmission mode is allowed for
the DTE and the DCE.
As a consequence the receive data driver (R/104) is active only when
receive data has to be applied to the line. During the receive idle phases the
receive data driver is inactive, i.e. not driving.
The TUDA1 unit offers two possibilities to control the receive data driver:
• RTS controlled mode,
• Data controlled mode.
In order to avoid flow back of receive data to the transmit direction, the trans-
mit data signal in the DCE is fixed to “1” as long as the receive data driver is
active.

5.1.2.1 RTS controlled mode

In the RTS controlled mode the receive data driver is kept active as long as
the control signal RTS (C, 105) from the remote end is active (“0”). The
receive data driver is set to inactive as long as the control signal RTS from
the remote end is inactive (“1”).
The RTS (C, 105) from the remote end is transported in the CAS bit a, i.e.
control signal transport with CAS must be available and enabled.

Please note:
Control signal transport via CAS bits is a KEYMILE proprietary feature.

Please note:
The data port at the remote end must be configured to interface type X.24-
V.11, V.24-V.28 or V.35, since the interface type RS485 does not support
the control signal interfaces.

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5.1.2.2 Data controlled mode

In the data controlled mode the receive data driver is kept active as long as
the data is 0 and for a configurable timer period after the 0 to 1 data transi-
tion. After the expiry of the timer the receive data driver is set to inactive.

Receive data R/104


timer period

Receive data driver enabled

timer expired

Figure 9: RS485 2-wire receive data driver control

The timer period is configurable between 20 and 1500 samples of the over-
sampling clock rate. The timer has to be set at least to the duration of the
maximum continuous “1” period of the data signal, during which the driver
must be kept enabled.
Example:
Assume a data signal structure with a maximum of 9 consecutive “1” data
bits. The data signal has a data rate of 64 kbit/s, the oversampling rate is
320 kbit/s.
The timer has to be set at least to 320/64 * 9 = 45 samples

Please note:
The data controlled mode requires knowledge of the data signal structure,
i.e. about the maximum length of “1” periods.

5.1.3 Transport Modes

5.1.3.1 Subrate transport mode

The TUDA1 DCE ports support synchronous and asynchronous subrates,


i.e. user bit rates < 64 kbit/s, according to ITU-T V.110 and ITU-T X.30.
The subrate framing format is automatically set by TUDA1 according to the
interface type configuration:
• With the V.35 and V.24/V.28 type interface, the subrate framing format is
according to ITU-T V.110.
• With the X.24/V.11 type interface, the subrate framing format is according
to ITU-T X.30.

Please note:
The mapping of the user data to the X.30 frame is only byte synchronous if
the byte timing signal B is used.

Table 22: Supported subrates and framing formats


User data rate Synchronous Asynchronous ITU-T V.110 ITU-T X.30
[bit/s]
600 yes yes yes yes

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Table 22: Supported subrates and framing formats


User data rate Synchronous Asynchronous ITU-T V.110 ITU-T X.30
[bit/s]
1’200 yes yes yes yes a
2’400 yes yes yes yes
4’800 yes yes yes yes
9’600 yes yes yes yes
19’200 yes yes yes yes a
38’400 yes yes yes yes a
48’000 yes no yes yes
56’000 yes no yes yes a

a. X.30 does not specify the user bit rate 1’200 bit/s, 19’200 bit/s, 38’400 bit/s and
56’000 bit/s. Nevertheless these user bit rates can be used with the TUDA1 unit
also for the X-type interfaces.
For the transport over the TDM network the subrate data signals are mapped
to a synchronous frame according to ITU-T V.110 for the V-type interfaces
and according to ITU-T X.30 for the X-type interfaces. The framed subrate
signals have an intermediate signalling rate expressed by 2k x 8 kbit/s,
where k = 0, 1, 2 or 3.

Risk of operating trouble!


The user data rates 600, 1’200, 2’400 and 4’800 bit/s use all the same V.110
or X.30 subrate frame format.
→ A mismatch of the user data rates configured for two connected user
ports or conference participants cannot be detected.
In a second step the X.30/V.110 frame is mapped into a 64 kbit/s time slot.
Depending on the user data rate 1, 2, 4 or 8 bits within the 64 kbit/s time slot
are used.

Table 23: User data rate and bits used within a 64 kbit/s time slot
User data rate Intermediate Frame length User data bits Time slot bits
[bit/s] rate [ms] per frame used
[kbit/s]
600 8 10 / 40 a 6 / 24 1
1’200 8 10 12 1
2’400 8 10 24 1
4’800 8 10 48 1
9’600 16 5 48 1-2
19’200 32 2.50 48 1-4
38’400 64 1.25 48 1-8
48’000 64 0.50 24 1-8
56’000 64 1.00 56 1-8

a. In order to maintain compatibility with the X.30 / 600 bit/s user rate, E7 is set to bi-
nary 0 in every fourth 80-bit frame, providing a frame length of 40 ms.

Please note:
The user bit rate 1’200 bit/s with X-type interfaces cannot provide the byte
timing.

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The X.30/V.110 frame contains overhead bits named S bits, E bits and X bit
which are used to transport control signal states, the actual user data rate
indication and a remote alarm indication. For further information please refer
to section 5.5.2 Subrate Framing Signalling Transport (on page 69).

5.1.3.2 nx64 kbit/s transport mode

The TUDA1 DCE ports support synchronous nx64 kbit/s user data rates.
For the transport over the TDM network the nx64 kbit/s data signals are
mapped to n time slots in a G.704 framed 2048 kbit/s signal.
Depending on the usage of CAS up to 30 time slots or up to 31 time slots are
available for the user data transport.

5.1.4 Transmission Modes

5.1.4.1 Asynchronous transmission mode

With subrates up to 38.4 kbit/s, TUDA1 supports the asynchronous transmis-


sion mode according to ITU-T V.14.
The following start-stop character formats are supported:

Table 24: Asynchronous start-stop character formats


1 start bit 7 or 8 data bits 0 or 1 parity bit 1 or 2 stop bits

Please note:
The parity bit is not evaluated in TUDA1, it is transported transparently.
In transmit direction, the asynchronous user data rate is adapted to the net-
work element timing (PETS) by deleting and adding stop bits. The maximum
allowed frequency deviation is
• -2.5% to +1.0% with the basic range configuration, and
• -2.5% to +2.3% with the extended range configuration.
In receive direction, deleted stop bits are detected and regenerated by gen-
erating eight (basic range) or four (extended range) stop bits with a reduced
length.
Start-stop characters can follow each other without a gap or with a gap.
Gaps are filled with stop bits.
With the asynchronous transmission mode, no timing signals (S/114/115, X/
113, B, F) are available at the DCE interface.

5.1.4.2 Synchronous transmission mode

The synchronous transmission mode is supported by TUDA1 for all subrates


from 0.6 kbit/s to 56 kbit/s and for the nx64 kbit/s user data rates.
In transmit direction, TUDA1 expects that the incoming user signal at the
DCE interface is synchronous to the network element timing (PETS).

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The incoming subrate user data is mapped directly into the V.110/X.30
frame, i.e. without any bit rate adaptation. The V.110/X.30 frame occupies 1
to 8 bits in a 64 kbit/s time slot.
The incoming nx64 kbit/s user data is mapped directly to n 64 kbit/s time
slots, i.e. without any bit rate adaptation.
In receive direction, the user data rate is derived from the network element
timing. The data, control and clock signals are fed to the DCE interface with
this user data rate.
With the interface type X.24/V.11 and subrate user data, TUDA1 supports
the byte timing signal (B) at the DCE interface.
With the interface type X.24/V.11 and nx64 kbit/s user data, TUDA1 supports
the byte timing (B) or frame timing (F) signal at the DCE interface.

Please note:
Since the same DCE connector pins are used for the byte timing (B), the
frame timing (F) and the codirectional transmit signal element timing (X),
only one of these three signals can be active at the same time.

5.1.4.3 Oversampling transmission mode

The oversampling transmission mode can be used to transport DCE signals


with user data rates not corresponding to the configurable subrates or
nx64 kbit/s data rates. The user data signals can be asynchronous (start-
stop) signals or synchronous signals.
This mode can also be used to have low and constant delays with low user
data rate signals.
In transmit direction, the data and control signals at the DCE interface are
oversampled with a (synchronous) clock, which is the configured clock rate.
The oversampling frequency has to be at least three to four times higher
than the user data rate. The resulting isochronous distortion corresponds to
the relation of the user data rate to the oversampling frequency, e.g. 19.5%
with a 25 kbit/s user data rate, oversampled with 2x64 kHz = 128 kHz (25/
128 = 0.195).
In receive direction, the data and control signals are output at the DCE inter-
face with the oversampling clock.
The oversampling transmission mode can be used in point-to-point, point-to-
multipoint and multipoint-to-multipoint network applications. Refer to section
5.2 Network Applications (on page 48).

Please note:
With the V.24/V.28 interface, the data signal rate is limited to 128 kbit/s.

Please note:
In oversampling mode, no clock signal is available at the DCE interface.
If the DTE is working in synchronous mode, i.e. with clock signals, two cases
must be considered:
1 The DTE delivers a clock signal (X, 113): A second DCE interface must
be used to oversample and transport the clock signal to the remote DTE
in parallel to the data signal. The clock signal is handled the same as a
data signal.

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TUDA1 A TUDA1 B

Transmit T/104 Receive R/103


TDM
oversampling
Receive R/103 Network Transmit T/104

DTE A
DTE B
Clock X/113 Clock S/115
TDM
oversampling
Clock S/115 Network Clock X/113

Figure 10: Oversampling when DTE delivers a clock signal

2 The DTE requires a clock signal (S, 114, 115): A second DCE interface
must be used to oversample and transport the clock signal to the remote
DTE. A third DCE interface must be used to generate the required user
clock signal.
This application is limited to the configurable user data rates of TUDA1
(0.6, 1.2, 2.4 …nx64 kbit/s).
TUDA1 A TUDA1 B

Transmit T/104 Receive R /103

Receive R/103 oversampling Transmit T/104


TDM
DTE A Network DTE B

Clock S/114/115 oversampling Clock S/114/115

user data rate

Figure 11: Oversampling when DTE delivers no clock signal

Please note:
Specifically tailored cables have to be used for the above applications.

5.1.5 MAC Bridging

5.1.5.1 LAN modes

The port-5 on the front of the TUDA1 unit is a 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX


Ethernet port supporting the following LAN modes:

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• Auto-negotiation
• 10 Mbit/s, Half duplex
• 10 Mbit/s, Full duplex
• 100 Mbit/s, Half duplex
• 100 Mbit/s, Full duplex

Risk of operating trouble!


The LAN mode of the host connected to the TUDA1 Ethernet port must be
configured to the same PHY mode as the TUDA1 Ethernet port, e.g. both
ports configured to “auto-negotiation” or both ports configured to “100 Mbit/s
full duplex”.
→ Mixed configurations result in a non operational state of the Ethernet
interface.

5.1.5.2 WAN mode

The Ethernet frames are mapped to a nx64 kbit/s transport signal, constitut-
ing the WAN port to the TDM network.
Depending on the usage of CAS up to 30 time slots or up to 31 time slots are
available for the user data transport.
The WAN port encapsulates the MAC frames from the Ethernet port into
HDLC frames.
HDLC encapsulation at the
flag MAC frame FCS flag
WAN port
Figure 12: WAN encapsulation

5.1.5.3 Queues and priority mappings

In direction from the Ethernet port to the WAN port the TUDA1 unit offers
four queues with a size of 64 frames each. The queues can be used for the
priorisation of the user traffic according to the 802.1p priority (VLAN priority)
or the DSCP value.
In direction from the WAN port to the Ethernet port the TUDA1 unit offers
one queue with a size of 128 frames.

TUDA1
Q1

Q2 priority
to queue
PBUS

Q3 mapping
TDM Ethernet
WAN port Q4 port

Figure 13: WAN encapsulation

The assignment of priorities to the four queues is controlled by a QoS map-


ping profile. Please refer to section 6.1 Profiles (on page 95) for information
about the profile handling and refer to section 8.2 Profiles (on page 118) for
the configuration of the profile parameters.

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The TUDA1 unit supports four algorithms for the priority to queue mapping:
• IP
The DSCP field of the IP header determines the packet priority.
• MAC
The 802.1p priority bits of the MAC header determine the packet priority.
Untagged packets get the default priority assigned. The default priority
value is configurable.
• IP Then MAC
The DSCP field of the IP header, if it exists, determines the packet prior-
ity. Otherwise the 802.1p priority bits determine the packet priority.
Untagged packets get the default priority assigned.
• MAC Then IP
The 802.1p priority bits of the MAC header, if they exist, determine the
packet priority. Otherwise the DSCP field of the IP header determines the
packet priority.
The scheduling of the frames in the queues towards the TDM WAN interface
uses the strict priority algorithm.
Packets in the higher priority queues are handled first. Packets in lower pri-
ority queues are only processed when there are no packets left in the higher
priority queue. Q1 is the highest priority queue, Q4 is the lowest priority
queue.

Please note:
The priority mechanism does not modify the Ethernet frames.

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5.2 Network Applications

The main network applications with the TUDA1 unit are


• TUDA1 in a point-to-point application.
• TUDA1 in a point-to-multipoint application.
• TUDA1 in a multipoint-to-multipoint application.

5.2.1 Point-to-Point (P2P)

The point-to-point application connects one data interface (data and signal-
ling) with another data interface through a TDM network.
The connection can be protected with 1+1 SNC protection on the transport
layer.

Network element 1 Network element 2

TDM
Network

data data
interface interface

P12 transport unit

TUDA1 unit

Figure 14: Point-to-point application with TUDA1

5.2.2 Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP)

In the point-to-multipoint mode of operation a master data terminal equip-


ment (master DTE) communicates via a data interface to several subordi-
nated DTEs, the so called slave DTEs through a TDM network.
Communication is established in the polling mode. The data signal from the
master DTE is sent simultaneously to all slave DTEs. The master DTE
addresses one specific slave DTE. This addressed DTE activates its trans-
mit interface to respond to the polling request. After the complete message
transfer the slave DTE deactivates its transmit interface.
Collisions must be prevented by using suitable communication protocols
between the DTEs.
The slave DTEs can be distributed across several XMC20 sites. The maxi-
mum number of slave DTEs is therefore practically limited only by the com-
munication protocol applied.
Using the RS485 interface type up to 32 RS485 unit loads can be connected
to one TUDA1 user port simultaneously.

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Using the V.35, X.24/V.11 or V.24/V.28 interface type only one DTE can be
connected to one TUDA1 user port simultaneously.
The connection in the TDM network can be protected with 1+1 SNC protec-
tion on the transport layer.
The combination of the data signals and the signalling is accomplished with
one central conference (preferred solution for a star network) or with several
conference circuits placed at all network elements with connected slave
DTEs (preferred solution for a linear network).

Please note:
The point-to-multipoint network setup supports the multi-master type network
topology.

5.2.2.1 Linear network setup

The point-to-multipoint application in a linear network connects one master


data interface located at one end of the linear network with several slave
data interfaces through a TDM network.
When the master terminal sends, it sends in direction towards the slaves,
and all slave terminals can receive the sent signal.
When a slave terminal sends, it sends in direction towards the master, and
only the master can receive the sent signal.
The connection between any two network elements can be protected with
1+1 SNC protection on the transport layer
It is also possible to implement a shared protection ring (SPR) for the protec-
tion of the complete TUDA1 network. For further information please refer to
[314] User Guide “TDM Services and Cross Connections in XMC20”.
to to
Master master
Intermediate slave slave
Tail end slave

Network element 1 Network element k Network element n

TDM TDM
Network Network

data data
interface local
interface
master
data
interface
P12 transport unit

Conference on
TUDA1 unit

TUDA1 unit

Figure 15: Point-to-multipoint linear application with TUDA1

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5.2.2.2 Star network setup

The point-to-multipoint application in a star network connects one master


data interface with several slave data interfaces through a TDM network.
When the master terminal sends, it broadcasts towards the slaves, and all
slave terminals can receive the sent signal.
When a slave terminal sends, it sends in direction towards the master, and
only the master can receive the sent signal.
In case that more than one DTE is connected to a slave network element a
local conference can be setup at this location. This is shown in the Figure 16
"Point-to-multipoint star application with TUDA1" below at the Slave 3 net-
work element.
The connection between any two network elements can be protected with
1+1 SNC protection on the transport layer
to
master
Slave 1
to slave
Master or local

TDM data
1 1
Network interface

2
to
master Slave 2
3

TDM 1
data
Network interface

1
to
to master Slave 3
data master
interface TDM
master Network to slave
or local

P12 transport unit


1 2
Conference on
TUDA1 unit
data
interface
TUDA1 unit

data
interface

Figure 16: Point-to-multipoint star application with TUDA1

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5.2.3 Multipoint-to-Multipoint (MP2MP)

The multipoint-to-multipoint mode of operation is very similar to the point-to-


multipoint mode of operation. Differences are outlined below.

Please note:
The multipoint-to-multipoint network setup supports the multi-master type
network topology.

5.2.3.1 Linear network setup

In the multipoint-to-multipoint application, when a slave terminal sends, it


sends in direction towards the master and towards the tail end slave, and all
master and slave terminals can receive the sent signal.

Please note:
At an intermediate slave in the multipoint-to-multipoint application the differ-
entiation between “to master” and “to slave” is done from a protocol point of
view. The conferencing is the same for all participants, irrespective if they
are “local”, “to master” or “to slave”.
to to
Master master
Intermediate slave slave
Tail end slave

Network element 1 Network element k Network element n

TDM TDM
Network Network

data data
interface interface
master
local
data
P12 transport unit interface

Conference on
TUDA1 unit

TUDA1 unit

Figure 17: Multipoint-to-multipoint linear application with TUDA1

5.2.3.2 Star network setup

In the multipoint-to-multipoint application, when a slave terminal sends, it


sends in direction towards the master and towards the locally connected
slaves, and the master forwards the received signal to all other slaves. All
the master and slave terminals can receive the sent signal.

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to
master
Slave 1
to slave
Master or local

TDM data
1 1
Network interface

2
to
master Slave 2
3

TDM 1
data
Network interface

1
to
to master Slave 3
data master
interface TDM
master Network to slave
or local

P12 transport unit

Conference on
1 2
TUDA1 unit

TUDA1 unit
data
interface

data
interface

Figure 18: Multipoint-to-multipoint star application with TUDA1

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5.3 Conferencing

5.3.1 Resources

5.3.1.1 nx64 kbit/s conference resources

The TUDA1 unit has a fixed amount of resources available for nx64 kbit/s
data conferences. Each conference that is created consumes resources
according to the maximum number of conference participants and to the par-
ticipants bandwidth.
• The maximum number of conference participants must be configured
when the conference is created. The following values are available:
− Maximum number of participants p = 4, or
− Maximum number of participants p = 8, or
− Maximum number of participants p = 16.
If later on a higher number of participants is required the conference must
be deleted and newly created with the appropriate maximum number of
participants.
• The conference participants bandwidth must be configured when the con-
ference is created. The following values are available:
− Rate = 64 kbit/s, i.e. number of time slots n = 1, to
− Rate = 1984 kbit/s, i.e. number of time slots n = 31.
The conference participants bandwidth can’t be modified.
The resources consumed by a conference is calculated with
RC = p x n, where
− p = number of participants
− n = number of time slots per participant
Example:
A conference with 8 participants and a participant bandwidth of
6x64=384 kbit/s requires conference resources of
RC = 8 x 6 = 48 time slots.
The sum of all conference resources is restricted to 848 time slots per
TUDA1 unit:
RU = Σ RC ≤ 848 time slots.
The maximum number of conferences with 4 participants is
C4max = 848/4 = 212.
The maximum number of conferences with 8 participants is
C8max = 848/8 = 106.
The maximum number of conferences with 16 participants is
C16max = 848/16 = 53.
Due to the fact that the building block for data conferences is a 16 participant
conference with a bandwidth of 1 time slot, one building block can be used to
create
• one conference with 16 participants, or
• two conferences with 8 participants, or
• four conferences with 4 participants.

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The following formulas apply for the calculation of the used conference
resources, where np is the number of time slots used in conferences with p
participants:
• Number of conferences with 4 participants =
C4 = Σ n4 + Σ 2xn8 + Σ 4xn16
• Number of conferences with 8 participants =
C8 = round-up (Σ n4/2) + Σ n8 + Σ 2xn16
• Number of conferences with 16 participants =
C16 = round-up ((Σ n4/4) + (Σ n8/2)) + Σ n16
Example:
Assume four conferences:
− conference 1 with 4 participants and 192 kbit/s (n=3),
− conference 2 with 4 participants and 640 kbit/s (n=10),
− conference 3 with 8 participants and 320 kbit/s (n=5),
− conference 4 with 16 participants and 1984 kbit/s (n=31),
The used resources are as follows:
C4 = Σ n4 + Σ 2xn8 + Σ 4xn16
= (3+10) + 2x5 + 4x31 = 147
C8 = round-up (Σ n4/2) + Σ n8 + Σ 2xn16
= round-up ((3+10)/2) + 5 + 2x31 = 74
C16 = round-up ((Σ n4/4) + (Σ n8/2)) + Σ n16
= round-up ((3+10)/4) + 5/2) + 31 = 37
The remaining resources are as follows:
C4 = 212 - 147 = 65, or
C8 = 106 - 74 = 32, or
C16 = 53 - 37 = 16.

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conference 1, 3 time slots conference 2, 10 time slots


1
2 conference 3, 5 time slots
3
4
5
6 conference 4, 31 time slots
7

10

15
number of building blocks

20

25

30

35 remaining resources
37

40

45

50

53

building block (16 participants)

Legend:
conference, 4 participants, 1 time slot
conference, 8 participants, 1 time slot
conference, 16 participants, 1 time slot

Figure 19: Conference resource usage example with 4 conferences

Please note:
The remaining conference resources can be read from the TUDA1 unit sta-
tus dialogue.

5.3.1.2 Subrate conference resources

In addition to the nx64 kbit/s conferences the TUDA1 unit offers subrate con-
ferences. Also with subrate conferences the amount of resources available is
fixed. Each conference that is created consumes resources according to the
maximum number of conference participants.
• The maximum number of conference participants must be configured
when the conference is created. The following values are available:
− Maximum number of participants p = 4, or
− Maximum number of participants p = 8, or
− Maximum number of participants p = 12.

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If later on a higher number of participants is required the conference must


be deleted and newly created with the appropriate maximum number of
participants.

Please note:
The conference participants bandwidth must be configured when the confer-
ence is created. The conference participants bandwidth can’t be modified.
The sum of all subrate conference participants is restricted to 12 per TUDA1
unit:
RU = Σ RC ≤ 12 participants
The following subrate conference configurations are possible:
• 1 conference with 12 participants, or
• 1 conference with 8 participants plus 1 conference with 4 participants, or
• 3 conferences with 4 participants.

Please note:
The remaining conference resources can be read from the TUDA1 unit sta-
tus dialogue.

5.3.1.3 PBUS resources

The TUDA1 unit accesses the PBUS (XMC20 TDM bus) with a maximum
capacity of 32 P12 signals, each having 32 time slots. Five P12 signals are
reserved for the user ports and 27 P12 are reserved for the conference par-
ticipants.
Each participant can only access one P12 signal, i.e. it is not possible to split
the participants data signal to more than one P12 signal. This has the conse-
quence that depending of the participants bandwidths not the full available
PBUS bandwidth can be used.
In the example below the remaining PBUS resources are:
• 7 participants with maximum 31x64 = 1984 kbit/s,
• 1 participant with maximum 27x64 = 1728 kbit/s,
• 2 participants with maximum 4x64 = 256 kbit/s,
• 24 participants with maximum 1x64 = 64 kbit/s.

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P12 TS
0 4 9 14 19 24 29 31
P12-0

5 x P12 reserved for user ports


P12-4

conference 1,
P12-9 4 participants,
3 time slots,
conference 2,
P12-14 4 participants,
10 time slots,
conference 3,
P12-19
8 participants,
5 time slots,
P12-24
conference 4,
16 participants,
31 time slots,
P12-29
P12-31 remaining resources

Legend:
conference participant with 31 time slots
conference participant with 10 time slots
conference participant with 5 time slots
conference participant with 3 time slots

Figure 20: PBUS resource usage example with 4 conferences

Please note:
A P12 resource with 32 free timeslots is shown as two remaining resources:
→ 1 participant with maximum 31x64 = 1984 kbit/s, and
→ 1 participant with maximum 1x64 = 64 kbit/s.
To make best use of the available PBUS bandwidth, the resource usage
strategy must be taken into account when creating conferences. The
resource usage strategy is as follows:
• The P12 resources for conferences are grouped, according to the PBUS
line usage. Each PBUS line multiplexes 4 P12 resources:
− group 1: P12-5 to P12-7 (only 3 P12 resources),
− group 2: P12-8 to P12-11,
− group 3: P12-12 to P12-15,
− group 4: P12-16 to P12-19,
− group 5: P12-20 to P12-23,
− group 6: P12-24 to P12-27,
− group 7: P12-28 to P12-31.
• The groups are populated with participants from group 1 to group 7. A
new group is accessed when there are no remaining resources left for a
participant.
• Each group is populated with participants
− first from the lowest numbered timeslot on any of the groups P12 to
the highest numbered timeslot, and
− second from the groups lowest numbered P12 to the highest num-
bered P12.

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Example with conference 3 (8 participants, 5 timeslots):


• The group 1 is occupied with conference 1 and conference 2 as follows:
− P12-5: timeslot 0 to timeslot 15,
− P12-6: timeslot 0 to timeslot 22,
− P12-7: timeslot 0 to timeslot 12.
• Participant-1 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 13 to 17 of P12-7.
• Participant-2 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 16 to 20 of P12-5.
• Participant-3 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 18 to 22 of P12-7.
• Participant-4 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 21 to 25 of P12-5.
• Participant-5 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 23 to 27 of P12-6.
• Participant-6 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 23 to 27 of P12-7.
• Participant-7 of conference-3 is placed on timeslots 26 to 30 of P12-5.
• Participant-8 of conference-3 has to be placed in group 2 since the maxi-
mum available resource in group 1 is 4 timeslots in P12-6 and P12-7. It is
placed on timeslots 0 to 4 of P12-8.

Please note:
Only created participants make use of PBUS resources.
→ The parameter “maximum number of participants” of a conference
does not influence the PBUS resource usage.

Please note:
The remaining PBUS resources usable for additional participants can be
read from the TUDA1 unit status dialogue.

5.3.2 Local Conferences

Conferences are accessible for local participants, i.e. from TUDA1 ports or
any other data unit in the network element. The conferences include also the
participants from the “to master” and “to slave” direction, i.e. from other net-
work elements, transported via the TDM network.
The data conference function performs the addition of the data signals. The
data signals are combined with a wired-AND operation. The wired-AND
requires all inactive terminals to send a continuous “1”-signal.
It is possible to control the data access of a participant to the conference by
the associated C/105 control signal. Refer to section 5.3.5 Conference Con-
trol (on page 60) for further information.
The control signals transported in the CAS a and b bits or in the subrate
frame bits S, SA and SB of all participants are combined in a wired-AND
function, i.e. if any of the participants exhibits an active state (CAS-bit = 0 or
S, SA, SB bit = 0), this active state is inherited to the combined CAS signal.

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Data
Data
Data
AND
64 kbit/s subrate
master /slave
P12 transport, participants 1+1 protection
Control Control
e.g. SELI8 switching,
cross connect
subrate AND 64 kbit/s

remote CAS CAS


P12 transport,
participants AND
e.g. SELI8
conference

PBUS
TUDA1
local
TUDA1 participants

local
participants
1
local
SDSL8 participants
DTU/DTM nx64 kbit /s DCE
processing interface
Subrate 4
< 64 kbit/s

Figure 21: Local conference on TUDA1

5.3.3 Conferences in the P2MP Application

Conferences in the point-to-multipoint application add the data and control


signals of the local participants to the signal going towards the master. The Σ
symbol stands for the wired-AND function.
There is no addition in the direction to the last slave or towards the local par-
ticipants.
to master to slave
PBUS

PBUS

local local
1 n

Figure 22: Conference in the P2MP application

5.3.4 Conferences in the MP2MP Application

Conferences in the multipoint-to-multipoint application consist of a number of


sub-conferences. The number of sub-conferences corresponds to the num-
ber of participants. The sub-conference of each participant adds the data
and control signals of all participants except the own signal.
The designation “to master” or “to slave” has no relevance for the conference
itself, since the setup is symmetrical in relation to the network directions. The

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“to master” and “to slave” participants are nevertheless required for the setup
of the transport cross connections.
to master to slave
PBUS

Σ Σ
1 2 3 4 n 1 2 3 4 n

1
2 2
3
4
n
Σ 1
3
4 Σ n

PBUS

local 2 3 4 local
1 n

Figure 23: Conference in the MP2MP application

5.3.5 Conference Control

In a conference all inactive participants must access the conference with a


constant “1” signal state. Only the active participant is allowed to access the
conference with “1” and “0” signal states.
There are two methods to have the inactive participants in the constant “1”
state:
• Intrinsic access:
− In the inactive state the connected DTEs must send constantly a “1”
state.
− If a slave DTE is polled from the master DTE it immediately can start
to send.
• Controlled access:
− In the inactive state the connected DTEs must set the C/105 control
signal to OFF. The state of the C/105 control signal must be forwarded
to the conference, i.e.
-the ports control signal “105 (RTS, C)” must be set to “From-DTE”,
-the ports “signalling to network” parameter must be set to “Yes”,
-the participants “signalling to conference” parameter must be set to
“Yes”,
-the participants “signalling from conference” parameter must be set to
“Yes”,
-the participants “conditional interconnection” parameter must be set
to “Yes”.
The participants data signal entering the conference is set to “1”.
− If a slave DTE is polled from the master DTE it sets the C/105 control
signal to ON. The DCE (i.e. TUDA1 port) responds by setting the I/109
control signal to ON with a configurable delay. Now the DTE can start
to send. The participants data signal enters the conference transpar-
ently.

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To permit the master DTE to synchronize it is recommended to transmit a


short bit sequence (e.g. flag stream or idle code) from the slave DTE prior to
the user data.

Please note:
The controlled access of a participant to a conference is only available if
CAS is available (nx64 kbit/s data rate) or if the subrate frame bits S or SB
are available (subrate).

Risk of operating trouble!


With subrates the TUDA1 at the master site has to resynchronize its V.110/
X.30 frame every time a slave DCE starts its transmission (e.g. at 0.6 kbit/s it
takes more than a second to synchronize). This introduces a delay, depend-
ing of the user data rate and can lead to problems since during resynchroni-
zation the data sent to the master DTE is undefined.
→ Use the oversampling transmission mode instead.

Risk of operating trouble!


There is a risk with subrates that data sent from the slave DTE to the master
DTE will be lost if a slave DTE switches its control signal 105/C to OFF
simultaneously with the last data byte. This is due to the delay in the V.110/
X.30 subrate converter.
→ Use the oversampling transmission mode instead.

Please note:
If using the control signal 109/I to enable the DTE transmitter the delay time
in the TUDA1 at the slave DTE location from control signal 105/C = ON to
control signal 109/I = ON must be configured to at least 20 ms when using
the oversampling transmission mode. With subrate transport the delay must
be correspondingly longer.
The DCE interfaces of TUDA1 are able to supervise the send time and idle
time of the DTE and to detach it from the connection point if the correspond-
ing limits are exceeded. This prevents that the system will be locked by a
slave DTE which continuously sends data. Refer to section 7.4 DTE send
and idle Time Restrictions (on page 111).

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5.4 Data Handling

5.4.1 Port Data Handling

With each of the 4 user ports the TUDA1 unit offers a DCE interface with
data, control and timing signals. The data signals are the transmit signal T/
103 and the receive signal R/104.

Signal Signal Consequent Out of


Squelch Loop 3c Loop 2b Loop 3b
monitor inversion action service

T/103 1
1
0 0
1 Data signal
01
1 1 0
01 Processing 1 to PBUS

2-wire / Signal Test pattern Out of Consequent Protection


4-wire monitor Loop 3c Loop 2b insertion Loop 3b service action switch

1 Working data signal


Processing 0
from PBUS
R/104 1 1 Protecting data signal
0
01 from PBUS
1
01

Figure 24: Data transport

The data handling can be configured with the following control and mainte-
nance mechanisms:
• Interface mode 2-wire or 4-wire:
The RS485 interface type can be configured to 2-wire mode, i.e. half
duplex mode of the RS485 bus, or to 4-wire mode, i.e. full duplex mode
of the RS485 bus.
With the 2-wire mode the squelch function inserts a “1” signal in transmit
direction as long as the driver in receive direction is active.
All other interface types use the full duplex mode with separate transmit
and receive signals.

Please note:
The signal monitoring status on the receive data signal shows the signal sta-
tus before the buffer in receive direction.
→ With the RS485 2-wire interface type and RTS controlled mode there
can be activity on the data signal also when the buffer in receive direc-
tion is disabled. The activity is shown in the port status “To DTE”
parameters.
• Data signal inversion (transmit signal T/103 and receive signal R/104):
In order to be compatible with DTEs using inverted logic, the transmit and
the receive data signal can be inverted.
• Consequent action (transmit signal T/103):
On a detected failure in the transmit data signal T/103 or the transmit tim-
ing signal X/113, the data is replaced with a “1” or “0” signal. The conse-
quent action can be disabled.
On a detected send or idle time filter violation the data is replaced with a
“1” signal. The consequent action can be disabled.

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Please note:
The level detection on the transmit data signal T/103 is not available for the
RS485 2-wire interface type.
• Loop 3c:
The maintenance function “Loop 3c” loops the transmit data signal back
to the receive direction. For details please refer to section 7.2.3 Loop 3c
(on page 108).
• Loop 2b:
The maintenance function “Loop 2b” loops the receive data signal back to
the transmit direction. For details please refer to section 7.2.1 Loop 2b
(on page 106).
• Loop 3b:
The maintenance function “Loop 3b” loops the transmit data signal back
to the receive direction. For details please refer to section 7.2.2 Loop 3b
(on page 107).
• Interface line state “out of service”:
The maintenance function “out of service” of an interface replaces the
transmit signal going to the PBUS by a “1” signal.
In receive direction the data signal from the PBUS is replaced by a “1”
signal.
• Interface line state “test pattern insertion”:
The maintenance function “test pattern insertion” replaces in receive
direction the data signal by a continuous test pattern “1010”.
• Protection switching:
In receive direction a working and a protecting channel can be config-
ured. Switching criteria are “trail signal fail” and “trail signal degrade” from
the P12 transport unit. With CAS enabled in the CTP configuration, CAS
AIS is an additional switching criterion.
• Consequent action (receive signal R/104):
On a detected failure in the receive signal the data is replaced with a “0”
or “1” signal.

5.4.2 Conference Data Handling

The TUDA1 unit offers conferences with a maximum of 16 participants per


nx64 kbit/s conference or a maximum of 12 participants per subrate confer-
ence. The transmit data signals of all participants are combined in a wired-
AND function, i.e. if any of the participants exhibits an active state (“0”), this
active state is inherited to the combined data signal.
With subrates the data signals are extracted from the X.30 or V.110 frame
before the addition. The combined signal is reinserted into the X.30 or V.110
frame.
With X-interface type conferences the byte and frame timing is maintained.
In the multipoint-to-multipoint (MP2MP) application, all participants are han-
dled identically. Each participant has its own sub-conference. The sub-con-
ference of each participant adds the data signals of all participants except
the own signal.

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Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

0 1 Working data signal


01
P1 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal Participant 1:
1
1 from PBUS local or
to master or
P2
to slave
P3

Pn
Σ 1
data signal
to PBUS

Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

0 1 Working data signal


01
P2 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal Participant 2:
1
1 from PBUS local or
to master or
P1
to slave
P3

Pn
Σ 1
data signal
to PBUS

Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

01
0 1 Working data signal
P3 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal Participant 3:
1
1 from PBUS local or
to master or
P1
to slave
Σ
P2
data signal
Pn 1 to PBUS

Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

0 1 Working data signal


01
Pn 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal Participant n :
1
1 from PBUS local or
to master or
P1
to slave
Σ
P2
P3 data signal
1 to PBUS

Figure 25: Conference data transport, MP2MP

In the point-to-multipoint (P2MP) application, only the participant “to master”


has a sub-conference, adding the data signals of all other participants except
the own signal. The other participants (“local” or “to slave”) receive their data
signal from the “to master” participant.

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Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

0 1 Working data signal


01
P1 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal
1
1 from PBUS Participant 1:
to master
P2
P3

Pn
Σ 1
data signal
to PBUS

Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

0 1 Working data signal


01
P2 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal
1 Participant 2:
1 from PBUS local or
to slave
P1 data signal
1 to PBUS

Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

01
0 1 Working data signal
P3 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal
1 Participant 3:
1 from PBUS local or
to slave
P1 data signal
1 to PBUS

Test pattern Set out of Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


insertion service interconnection conference action switch

C/105

0 1 Working data signal


01
Pn 1 from PBUS
Protecting data signal
1 Participant n :
1 from PBUS local or
to slave
P1 data signal
1 to PBUS

Figure 26: Conference data transport, P2MP

The data handling can be configured with the following control mechanisms:
• Participant configuration “signalling to conference”:
The “signalling to conference” parameter allows to control the forwarding
of control signals towards the conference. This parameter influences also
the forwarding of the data signal in case of the conditional interconnection
(see below). If “signalling to conference” is set to “No” the “conditional
interconnection” parameter set to “Yes” disables the forwarding of the
data signal.
• Participant configuration “conditional interconnection”:
The conditional interconnection function allows to control the access of a
participants data signal to the conference by the signal state of the con-
trol signal C/105, which has to be available at the conference input, i.e.
the port configuration must enable the forwarding of control signals to the
network (“signalling to network” = “Yes”) and the participant configuration

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must enable the forwarding of control signals to the conference (“signal-


ling to conference” = “Yes”.
• Participant line state “out of service”:
The maintenance function “out of service” of a participant replaces the
transmit signal going to the PBUS by a “1” signal.
In receive direction the data signal from the PBUS is replaced by a “1”
signal.
• Participant line state “test pattern insertion”:
The maintenance function “test pattern insertion” replaces in receive
direction the data signal by a continuous test pattern “1010”.
• Protection switching:
In receive direction a working and a protecting channel can be config-
ured. Switching criteria are “trail signal fail” and “trail signal degrade” from
the P12 transport unit. With CAS enabled in the CTP configuration, CAS
AIS is an additional switching criterion.
• Consequent action (receive direction):
On a detected failure in the receive signal the data is replaced with a “1”
signal.

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5.5 Control Signal Handling

5.5.1 Overview

Depending on the interface type used different control signals are available.
Refer to Table 20: "Data, control and timing signals with their electrical char-
acteristics" (on page 38).
• C/105 (to DCE)
In normal operation the control signal C/105 is used by the DCE as an
indication that the DTE is ready to transmit data.
With subrates, the state of the control signal C/105 is transported to the
remote DCE in the SB bit of the V.110 frame or S bit of the X.30 frame.
Alternatively the state of the control signal 105 can be transported in the
SA bit and the SB bit of the V.110 frame.
When using CAS the state of the control signal C/105 can be transported
to the remote DCE in the CAS a bit.
• 106 (from DCE)
The control signal 106 informs the DTE that it can start to send data.
The state of the control signal 106 can be controlled by the local control
signal 105 with various delay settings. The delay time can be configured
to
− 0, 10, 20 or 40 ms.
The delay is active for the OFF to ON and ON to OFF state transitions.
With subrates the state of the control signal 106 can be controlled by the
remote DCE via the X bit of the V.110 or X.30 frame (loss of frame syn-
chronization alarm). As long as the remote DCE has no synchronization
failure the control signal 106 is in the ON state and the local DTE can
transmit data.
• 107 (from DCE)
The control signal 107 informs the DTE that the remote DTE is in fault
free operation.
With subrates the state of the control signal 107 can be controlled by the
remote DTE via the SA bit of the V.110 frame which transports the
remote state of the control signal 108.
When using CAS the state of the control signal 107 can be controlled by
the remote DCE via the CAS b bit which transports the remote state of
the control signal 108.
• 108 (to DCE)
The control signal 108 is used to inform the DCE that the DTE is fault free
and in operation.
With subrates and V-type interfaces, the state of the control signal 108
can be transported to the remote DCE in the SA bit of the V.110 frame.
When using CAS the state of the control signal 108 can be transported to
the remote DCE in the CAS b bit.
• I/109 (from DCE)
The control signal I/109 is used to ready the DTE for receiving data from
the DCE.
The state of the control signal I/109 can be controlled by the local control
signal C/105 with various delay settings. The delay time can be config-
ured to
− 0, 10, 20 or 40 ms.

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The delay is active for the OFF to ON and ON to OFF state transitions.
With subrates the state of the control signal I/109 can be controlled by the
remote DCE via the SB bit of the V.110 frame or the S bit of the X.30
frame which transports the remote state of the control signal C/105.
When using CAS the state of the control signal 109/I can be controlled by
the remote DCE via the CAS a bit which transports the remote state of
the control signal C/105.

TUDA1
C/105 from DTE
ON
CAS a bit
OFF
V.110/SB bit
X.30/S bit
108 from DTE
ON CAS b bit
OFF

V.110/SA bit

ΔT
TDM
DTE Network
CAS b bit
107
ON
OFF V.110/SA bit

CAS a bit
I/109
ON
V.110/SB bit
OFF X.30/S bit

106 V.110/X bit


ON
OFF

Figure 27: Control signal handling overview

The control signals can be configured according to the table below:

Table 25: Control signal handling


Control signal X.24 V.35 V.24
C/105 from DTE from DTE from DTE
ON, fixed ON, fixed ON, fixed
OFF, fixed OFF, fixed OFF, fixed
OFF, from defect a OFF, from defect a OFF, from defect a
106 - from local 105 from local 105
from X bit (V.110) from X bit (V.110)
ON, fixed ON, fixed
OFF, fixed OFF, fixed
b
OFF, from defect OFF, from defect b

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Table 25: Control signal handling (continued)


Control signal X.24 V.35 V.24
107 - from SA bit (V.110) from SA bit (V.110)
from b bit (CAS) from b bit (CAS)
ON, fixed ON, fixed
OFF, fixed OFF, fixed
b
OFF, from defect OFF, from defect b
108 - from DTE from DTE
ON, fixed ON, fixed
OFF, fixed OFF, fixed
a
OFF, from defect OFF, from defect a
I/109 from local C from local 105 from local 105
from S bit (X.30) from SB bit (V.110) from SB bit (V.110)
from a bit (CAS) from a bit (CAS) from a bit (CAS)
ON, fixed ON, fixed ON, fixed
OFF, fixed OFF, fixed OFF, fixed
OFF, from defect b OFF, from defect b OFF, from defect b

a. The control signal towards the network is set to OFF as a consequent action when
a defect is detected in the transmit data or clock signal from the DTE.
b. The control signal is set to OFF as a consequent action when a defect is detected
in the receive signal from the network and the signal is not fixed to ON.

Please note:
The S bit, SA bit, SB bit and X bit are only available with subrates. The
56 kbit/s user data rate must use the V.110 framing with signalling.

Please note:
The a bit and the b bit are only transmitted to the PBUS when CAS is ena-
bled, i.e. when the “signalling to network” parameter is set to “yes”.

Please note:
With active loops the control signals are controlled according to the specific
loop.
→ Refer to section 7.2 Loops (on page 106).

Please note:
The RS485 interface type supports no control signals.

5.5.2 Subrate Framing Signalling Transport

The X.30 and the V.110 frames contain overhead bits named S bits, E bits
and X bit which are used to transport control signal states, the actual user
data rate indication and a remote alarm indication.

5.5.2.1 S bit usage

S bits are used to transport the status of selected DCE interface signals from
the local DCE to the remote DCE.

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In transmit direction, in a first step the status of a control signal is mapped to


an SA or SB indication (V.110) or to an S indication (X.30). In a second step
the SA and SB indications are mapped to the S1 to S9 (= Sx) bits in the
V.110 frame or the S indication is mapped to the SP, SQ and SR bits in the
X.30 frame.
In receive direction the opposite procedure is used to control the correspond-
ing DCE interface signal.
For interoperability of a V-type DCE with a X-type DCE the control signal 105
can be mapped to both the SA and SB indications.

Table 26: Control signal status to SA, SB and S mapping


DCE signal V.110 V.110 X.30 X.30
mapped to mapped from mapped to mapped from
105 SB or
SB + SA
107 SA
108 SA
109 SB
C S
I S

TUDA1 A TUDA1 B
105 SB SB 109
DTE V.110 V.110 DTE
TDM
A 108 SA Network SA 107 B

TUDA1 A TUDA1 B

DTE C S X.30 X.30 S I DTE


TDM
A Network B

TUDA1 A TUDA1 B
105 SB
DTE V.110 X.30 S I DTE
TDM
A 108 SA Network B

Figure 28: Control signal status to SA, SB and S mapping

The number of available Sx bits depends of the bit rate:

Table 27: SA, SB and S to Sx mapping


SA/SB/S V.110 V.110 V.110 X.30
up to 38’400 48’000 bit/s 56’000 bit/s
bit/s
SA S1, S3, S6, S8 S1, S3 S3
SB S4, S9 S4 S4
S SP, SQ, SR

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The frame formats of X.30 and V.110 are compatible. The S1 to S9 bits of
the V.110 frame occupy the places of the SP, SQ and SR bits of the X.30
frame.

Risk of operating trouble!


The S bit usage of the X-type interfaces is not compatible with the V-type
interfaces.
→ Use the compatibility mode with the mapping of the control signal 105
to both the SA and SB bits.

5.5.2.2 E bit usage

With the user data rates up to 38’400 bit/s, the E1 to E3 bits are used to indi-
cate the local user data rate to the far end. The transport of network inde-
pendent clocking information in the E-bits E4 to E6 is not supported.

Table 28: E bit usage


User data rate [bit/s] E1 to E3
600 100
1’200 010
2’400 110
4’800 011
9’600 011
19’200 011
38’400 011
48’000 not available
56’000 not available
With the 600 bit/s user data rate the E7 bit is always used for the multiframe
alignment according to ITU-T V.110, Table 5, Note 2.

5.5.2.3 X bit usage

The X bit in the V.110 and X.30 frame is used to transport the status of the
X.30/V.110 frame synchronization to the remote DCE:
− Frame synchronization OK: X bit = 0.
− Frame synchronization failed: X bit = 1.
The received X bit can control the status of the DCE signal 106.

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TUDA1 A TUDA1 B

DTE X V.110 V.110 X 106 DTE


A TDM B
Network
frame
alignment

TUDA1 A TUDA1 B

DTE X X.30 X.30 X DTE


A TDM B
Network
frame
alignment

Figure 29: Frame alignment status to X mapping

5.5.3 CAS Signalling Transport

The CAS provides the four signalling bits abcd. The bits a and b can be used
to transport the control signal status from the local DCE to the remote DCE.

Table 29: CAS bits usage


CAS bits abcd Description
1101 CAS bits not used (idle)
1xxx Control signal transport C to I (X-type),
Control signal transport 105 to 109 (V-type),
signal state OFF
0xxx Control signal transport C to I (X-type),
Control signal transport 105 to 109 (V-type),
signal state ON
x1xx Control signal transport 108 to 107 (V-type),
signal state OFF
x0xx Control signal transport 108 to 107 (V-type),
signal state ON
xx01 Default value
1111 Forward alarm indication (AIS)

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TUDA1 A TUDA1 B
105 a bit a bit 109
DTE CAS CAS DTE
TDM
A 108 b bit Network b bit 107 B

TUDA1 A TUDA1 B

DTE C a bit CAS CAS a bit I DTE


TDM
A Network
B

Figure 30: Control signal status to a-bit and b-bit mapping

The abcd bits of a time slot are sampled every 2 ms in the P12 transport sig-
nal.

Please note:
The control information is transported in the abcd bits only with the nx64 kbit/
s transport mode.
→ With subrate signals the S bit or the SA and SB bits of the X.30/V.110
frame are used instead.

5.5.4 Port Control Signal Handling

With each of the 4 DCE interfaces the TUDA1 unit offers up to 3 control sig-
nal inputs and up to 4 control signal outputs, refer to Table 20: "Data, control
and timing signals with their electrical characteristics" (on page 38).

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Failure on V/X Signalling Out of


Loop 3c Loop 2b Configuration Loop 3b
T/103 compa- to network service
tibility
C/105
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF X.30 frame, S bit
108
OFF V.110 frame, SB bit
OFF to PBUS
OFF OFF
OFF
ON
OFF V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
to PBUS
OFF
OFF

CAS signalling
1101 to PBUS
1111
ΔT
Test pattern Consequent Protection
Config Loop 3c Loop 2b Out of service Loop 3b Subrate action switch

Working data signal


from PBUS
V.110/SA Protecting data signal
107 1111 from PBUS
ON OFF CAS b bit
OFF OFF

V.110/SB
I/109 X.30/S
ON OFF CAS a bit
OFF OFF

V.110/X

106 OFF
OFF
ON OFF
OFF

141 Loop
3c

Configuration

Loop state
142
ON
OFF

Figure 31: Control signal transport

The control signal handling can be configured with the following control and
maintenance mechanisms:
• Consequent action on a failure of the T/103 data signal or of the X/113
timing signal:
On a detected failure in the transmit signal the control signals C/105 and
108 towards the network are set to OFF.
• Configuration in transmit direction:
The incoming control signals C/105 and 108 can be replaced by a fixed
ON or OFF value.
• Loop 3c:
The maintenance function “Loop 3c” loops the control signal 108 back to
the control signal 107 and loops the control signal C/105 back to the con-
trol signal I/109. In transmit direction the control signals C/105 and 108
are set to OFF. The loop is near the DCE interface. For details please
refer to section 7.2.3 Loop 3c (on page 108).

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• Loop 2b:
If the control signals C/105 or 108 are configured to “from DTE”, the
maintenance function “Loop 2b” loops the control signal I/109 received
from the network back to the control signal C/105 and loops the control
signal 107 received from the network back to the control signal 108. If the
control signals C/105 or 108 are not configured to “from DTE”, the control
signals C/105 and 108 towards the network remain unchanged.
In receive direction the control signals 107, I/109 and 106 are set to OFF.
The loop is near the DCE interface. For details please refer to section
7.2.1 Loop 2b (on page 106).
• Loop 3b:
The maintenance function “Loop 3b” loops the control signal 108 back to
the control signal 107 and loops the control signal C/105 back to the con-
trol signal I/109. In transmit direction the control signals C/105 and 108
are set to OFF. The loop is near the PBUS interface. For details please
refer to section 7.2.2 Loop 3b (on page 107).
• Control signal transport, transmit direction:
With subrates the state of the control signal C/105 is transported to the
remote DCE via the SB bit of the V.110 frame or the S bit of the X.30
frame.
In order to be compatible with a remote DCE of X-type, the state of the
control signal C/105 can in addition also be transported via the SA bit of
the V.110 frame. This is enabled with the “V/X compatibility mode”
parameter set to “Yes”.
With subrates the state of the control signal 108 is transported to the
remote DCE via the SA bit of the V.110 frame.
If CAS is used in the nx64 kbit/s mode the state of the control signal C/
105 is transported to the remote DCE via the CAS a bit and the state of
the control signal 108 is transported to the remote DCE via the CAS b bit.
The CAS pattern is inserted in all positions of the used time slots.
The transport of signalling information towards the network can be disa-
bled with the “signalling to network” parameter set to “No”:
− With subrates the SA and SB bits of the V.110 frame or the S bit of the
X.30 frame are set to OFF (“1”).
− In the nx64 kbit/s mode the CAS abcd pattern is the idle pattern
“1101”.
• Interface line state “out of service”, transmit and receive direction:
In transmit direction the maintenance function “out of service” of an inter-
face activates the TSD and TSF signals. TSF and TSD are the XMC20
internal failure signals used to control the protection switching.
With subrates the complete X.30 or V.110 frame is replaced by a “1” sig-
nal, i.e. the control signals C/105 and 108 in the X.30 and V.110 frame
are set to OFF.
If CAS is used the AIS-CAS pattern (1111) is inserted in all positions of
the used time slots
In receive direction the control signals 106, 107 and I/109 are all set to
OFF.
• Protection switching:
In receive direction a working and a protecting channel can be config-
ured. Switching criteria are “trail signal fail” and “trail signal degrade” from
the P12 transport unit. With CAS enabled in the CTP configuration, CAS
AIS is an additional switching criterion.

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• Consequent action (receive control signals):


On a detected failure in the receive signal the data is replaced with a “1”
or “0” signal (refer to section 5.4.1 Port Data Handling (on page 62)). The
CAS is replaced with the CAS-AIS pattern. Consequently all control sig-
nals are set to OFF.
• Control signal transport, receive direction:
With subrates the state of the control signal I/109 can be controlled from
the remote DCE via the SB bit of the V.110 frame or the S bit of the X.30
frame.
With subrates the state of the control signal 107 can be controlled from
the remote DCE via the SA bit of the V.110 frame.
With subrates the state of the control signal 106 can be controlled from
the remote DCE via the X bit of the V.110 frame, indicating a loss of the
V.110 frame alignment.
If CAS is used in the nx64 kbit/s mode the state of the control signal I/109
can be controlled from the remote DCE via the CAS a bit and the state of
the control signal 107 can be controlled from the remote DCE via the
CAS b bit. The CAS pattern of the first used time slot is evaluated.
• Interface line state “test pattern insertion”:
The maintenance function “test pattern insertion” sets in receive direction
the control signals 106, 107 and I/109 to OFF.
• Configuration in receive direction:
The outgoing control signal 106 can be replaced by a fixed ON or OFF
value.
The outgoing control signal 107 can be replaced by a fixed ON or OFF
value or can be controlled by the control signal 108.
The outgoing control signal I/109 can be replaced by a fixed ON or OFF
value or can be controlled by the control signal C/105 with a configurable
delay.

Please note:
The nx64 kbit/s mode not using CAS provides no means for the transport of
control signals to the remote DCE.
→ Use CAS to enable control signal transport. This is a KEYMILE propri-
etary feature.
→ CAS is enabled when the configuration parameter “Signalling to net-
work” is set to “Yes”

Please note:
If a port requires CAS for the control signal transport CAS must be enabled
on the P12 transport signal.
→ The termination mode of the P12 transport signal must be set to
“PCM30” or “PCM30C”.

Risk of operating trouble!


It is possible to create a cross connection from a TUDA1 port using CAS to
another CTP not using CAS.
→ This would result in a non operational control signal transport.

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5.5.5 Conference Control Signal Handling

The TUDA1 unit offers conferences with a maximum of 16 participants per


nx64 kbit/s conference or a maximum of 12 participants per subrate confer-
ence. The transmit control signals of all participants are combined in a wired-
AND function, i.e. if any of the participants exhibits an active state (ON), this
active state is inherited to the combined control signal.
With subrates the control signals are extracted from the X.30 or V.110 frame
before the addition. The combined signal is reinserted into the X.30 or V.110
frame.
With nx64 kbit/s the control signals are extracted from the CAS a and b bits
of the first used time slot. The combined signal is reinserted into the CAS a
and b bits in all positions of the used time slots.
With X-interface type conferences the byte and frame timing is maintained.
In the multipoint-to-multipoint (MP2MP) application, all participants are han-
dled identically. Each participant has its own sub-conference. The sub-con-
ference of each participant adds the control signals of all participants except
the own signal.

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Test pattern Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


Subrate
Out of service interconnection conference action switch

Working data signal


C/105 from PBUS
V.110/SB Protecting data signal
0
X.30/S
1111 from PBUS
CAS a bit
OFF
CB1 OFF
CA1
V.110/SA
OFF
X.30/S
CAS b bit
OFF
OFF
Participant 1:
Subrate Signalling from Out of local or
framing conference service to master or
to slave

CB2 X.30 frame, S bit

&
CB3 V.110 frame, SB bit
OFF
to PBUS
OFF
CBn V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
CA2 to PBUS
CA3

CAn
& 1101
1111
CAS signalling
to PBUS

Test pattern Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


Subrate
Out of service interconnection conference action switch
Working data signal
C/105 from PBUS
V.110/SB Protecting data signal
0
X.30/S 1111 from PBUS
CAS a bit
OFF
CB2 OFF
CA2
V.110/SA
OFF
X.30/S
CAS b bit
OFF
OFF
Participant 2:
Subrate Signalling from Out of local or
framing conference service to master or
to slave

CB1 X.30 frame, S bit

&
CB3 OFF
V.110 frame, SB bit
to PBUS
OFF
CBn V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
CA1 to PBUS

&
CA3
CAS signalling
1101 to PBUS
CAn 1111

Test pattern Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


Subrate
Out of service interconnection conference action switch

Working data signal


C/105 from PBUS
V.110/SB Protecting data signal
0
X.30/S
1111 from PBUS
CAS a bit
OFF
CBn OFF
CAn
V.110/SA
OFF
X.30/S
CAS b bit
OFF
OFF
Participant n :
Subrate Signalling from Out of local or
framing conference service to master or
to slave

CB1 X.30 frame, S bit

&
CB2 V.110 frame, SB bit
OFF
to PBUS
OFF
V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
CA1 to PBUS

&
CA2
CAS signalling
1101 to PBUS
1111

Figure 32: Conference control signal transport, MP2MP

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In the point-to-multipoint (P2MP) application, only the participant “to master”


has a sub-conference, adding the control signals of all other participants
except the own signal. The other participants (“local” or “to slave”) receive
their control signal from the “to master” participant.

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Test pattern Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


Subrate
Out of service interconnection conference action switch

Working data signal


C/105 from PBUS
V.110/SB Protecting data signal
0
X.30/S
1111 from PBUS
CAS a bit
OFF
CB1 OFF
CA1
V.110/SA
OFF
X.30/S
CAS b bit
OFF
OFF

Subrate Signalling from Out of Participant 1:


framing conference service to master

CB2 X.30 frame, S bit

&
CB3 V.110 frame, SB bit
OFF
to PBUS
OFF
CBn V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
CA2 to PBUS
CA3

CAn
& 1101
1111
CAS signalling
to PBUS

Test pattern Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


Subrate
Out of service interconnection conference action switch
Working data signal
C/105 from PBUS
V.110/SB Protecting data signal
0
X.30/S 1111 from PBUS
CAS a bit
OFF
CB2 OFF
CA2
V.110/SA
OFF
X.30/S
CAS b bit
OFF
OFF
Participant 2:
Subrate Signalling from Out of local or
framing conference service to slave

X.30 frame, S bit


OFF
V.110 frame, SB bit
CB1 to PBUS
OFF
V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
to PBUS
CA1 CAS signalling
1101 to PBUS
1111

Test pattern Conditional Signalling to Consequent Protection


Subrate
Out of service interconnection conference action switch

Working data signal


C/105 from PBUS
V.110/SB Protecting data signal
0
X.30/S
1111 from PBUS
CAS a bit
OFF
CBn OFF
CAn
V.110/SA
OFF
X.30/S
CAS b bit
OFF
OFF
Participant n :
Subrate Signalling from Out of local or
framing conference service to slave

X.30 frame, S bit


V.110 frame, SB bit
OFF
CB1 to PBUS
OFF
V.110 frame, SA bit
OFF
to PBUS
CA1 CAS signalling
1101 to PBUS
1111

Figure 33: Conference control signal transport, P2MP

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The control signal handling can be configured with the following control
mechanisms:
• Protection switching:
In receive direction a working and a protecting channel can be config-
ured. Switching criteria are “trail signal fail” and “trail signal degrade” from
the P12 transport unit. With CAS enabled in the CTP configuration, CAS
AIS is an additional switching criterion.
• Consequent action:
On a detected failure in the receive signal the data is replaced with a “1”
or “0” signal (refer to section 5.4.2 Conference Data Handling (on
page 63)). The CAS is replaced with the CAS-AIS pattern. Consequently
all control signals are set to OFF.
• Control signal transport, receive direction:
With subrates the SA and SB bits are demapped from the V.110 frame or
the S bits are demapped from the X.30 frame.
Note that with the X.30 frame the S bits are interpreted as if they were SA
and SB bits of a V.110 frame. This allows the interconnection with partici-
pants connected to a V.110 type interface. It is up to the operator to con-
figure the control signal 107 output at the data port correspondingly, e.g.
set it to OFF.
If CAS is used in the nx64 kbit/s mode the a and b bits are demapped
from the CAS. The CAS pattern of the first used time slot is evaluated.
The CAS a bit is alternatively used to the S or SB bit, the CAS b bit is
alternatively used to the SA bit.
Control signals can be blocked from accessing the conference circuit with
the “signalling to conference” parameter set to “No”. In this case the con-
trol signals are set to OFF.
If the “conditional interconnection” parameter is set to “Yes”, the control
signals are only forwarded to the conference if the SB bit or CAS a bit,
corresponding to the control signal C/105, is ON.
• Participant state “out of service”:
The maintenance function “out of service” of a participant simulates a fail-
ure of the participant in receive and transmit direction.
In transmit direction the maintenance function “out of service” of a partici-
pant activates the TSD and TSF signals. TSF and TSD are the XMC20
internal failure signals used to control the protection switching.
With subrates the control signals S, SA and SB are set to OFF in both
directions.
In the nx64 kbit/s mode the a and b bits are set to OFF in receive direc-
tion. In transmit direction the CAS-AIS pattern (1111) is inserted in all
positions of the used time slots.
• Participant state “test pattern insertion”:
With subrates the control signals S, SA and SB are transparent in receive
direction.
If CAS is used in the nx64 kbit/s mode the a and b bits are set to OFF in
receive direction.
• Control signal transport, transmit direction:
With subrates the SA and SB bits are mapped to the V.110 frame or the
S bit is mapped to the X.30 frame. In order to be compatible with a
remote DCE of X-type, the state of the SB bit can in addition also be
mapped to the SA positions of the V.110 frame. This is controlled with the
Subrate framing” parameter set to “X.30”.
If CAS is used in the nx64 kbit/s mode the a and b bits are mapped to the
CAS. The CAS pattern is inserted in all positions of the used time slots.

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Control signals can be blocked from accessing the network with the “sig-
nalling from conference” parameter set to “No”:
− With subrates the S, SA and SB bits are set to OFF.
− In the nx64 kbit/s mode the CAS pattern in transmit direction is
replaced by the default pattern (1101).

Please note:
The nx64 kbit/s mode not using CAS provides no means for the transport of
control signals to the remote DCE.
→ Use CAS to enable control signal transport. This is a KEYMILE propri-
etary feature.
→ CAS is enabled with the following configuration parameters set to
“Yes”:
“Signalling to conference”,
“Signalling from conference”.

Please note:
If a conference participant requires CAS for the control signal transport CAS
must be enabled on the P12 transport signal.
→ The termination mode of the P12 transport signal must be set to
“PCM30” or “PCM30C”.

Please note:
The X bit of the V.110 subrate frame is not logically added in the conference
function.
→ The X bit is set according to the frame loss state in the participants
termination function.

Risk of operating trouble!


It is possible to create a cross connection from a TUDA1 conference partici-
pant using CAS to another CTP not using CAS.
→ This would result in a non operational control signal transport.

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5.6 Timing Handling

5.6.1 DTE Synchronization

In the connection to a DTE, TUDA1 acts as a DCE.

5.6.1.1 Codirectional timing

With codirectional timing the data signal is in both directions, to and from the
DTE, accompanied by its corresponding clock signal. The source for the
receive timing signal is the DCE, the source for the transmit timing signal is
the DTE.
Since the TUDA1 expects the transmit data signal to be synchronous to the
network element timing (PETS), the transmit timing signal must be synchro-
nized to the receive timing signal inside the DTE (loop timing).
Transmitted data 103
Transmitter signal element timing (DTE) 113 TUDA1
DTE
DCE
V-type Received data 104 V-type
Receiver signal element timing 115

Transmit T
DTE transmit signal element timing X TUDA1
DTE DCE
X-type Receive R X-type
Signal element timing S

Figure 34: Codirectional timing

5.6.1.2 Contradirectional timing

With contradirectional timing the DCE is the source for the transmit and the
receive timing signals.
With the X.24/V.11 interface type, the byte timing or frame start identification
signal is available.
Transmitted data 103
Transmitter signal element timing (DCE) 114 TUDA1
DTE DCE
V-type Received data 104 V-type
Receiver signal element timing 115

Transmit T
TUDA1
DTE Receive R DCE
X-type Signal element timing S X-type
Byte timing B or frame start identification F

Figure 35: Contradirectional timing

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Please note:
Contradirectional timing is problematic with higher user data rates, i.e. when
the delay time on the interconnection from the DCE to the DTE and back to
the DCE is in the range of a half unit interval (UI) of the user data rate. In this
case the correct sampling of the data signal can not be guaranteed with the
fixed timing configuration. The adaptive timing configuration should be used
instead.

Please note:
The adaptive timing configuration should not be used together with the byte
timing since the timing relationship between signal element timing and byte
timing is then no more defined.

5.6.2 Port Timing Signals

Timing signals are used in the synchronous transmission mode of the DCE
interface. With the asynchronous and oversampling transmission modes the
timing signals are not used and are correspondingly disabled.
All timing signals generated by the TUDA1 unit, i.e. 114, 115, S, B and F are
synchronous to the network element timing source, i.e. the PETS. The
nx64 kHz and subrate timing signals are derived with appropriate dividers
from the PETS.
The frame timing signal F is synchronous to the G.704 frame on the PBUS.
Frame timing is only available for nx64 kbit/s signals.
The byte timing signal B is synchronous to the octet boundaries of the
receive data signal.
Frame timing and byte timing are only available with the X-type DCE inter-
faces. They are exclusively used with the DTE transmit timing signal X.

Please note:
Byte timing is not available with the user bit rate 1200 bit/s.

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Signal Consequent Transmit


Loop 2b
monitor action timing

X/113

T/103
Δφ

B/F Loop 2b B or F
Subrate
timing Configuration timing

X/B/F/113 B/F OFF Frame


timing

Byte
114 timing 1x64

S/115 subrate PBUS


timing
Timing from PBUS
nx 64

Figure 36: Port timing signals

The timing signals can be configured with the following control and mainte-
nance mechanisms:
• Signal monitor and consequent action:
The transmit timing signal X/113 is supervised for a loss of signal.
A missing clock signal X/113 is detected when TUDA1 counts at least
4xn (n ≤ 10, i.e. rate ≤ 640 kbit/s) octet slips in 2.5 seconds. This corre-
sponds to a clock offset of ± 200 ppm in relation to the network element
timing. With n > 10, the number of octet slips to be counted is fixed to 40.
As a consequent action a missing clock signal X/113 is replaced by the
TUDA1 internal timing signal S/114.
The consequent action on the transmit data signal can be enabled or dis-
abled.
If the consequent action is enabled
− the data signal T/103 is replaced by “1” or “0”,
− the control signals C/105 and 108 towards the network are set to “1”
(i.e. “OFF”).
• B or F timing:
With X-type interfaces with synchronous user data rates the B/F/X timing
signal can be disabled, used as an input (X/113) or used as an output (B/
F):
− None (B/F):
The B/F timing signal output is disabled or configured as an input to
the TUDA1 and used for the transmit signal synchronization.
− Byte Timing (B):
The B/F/X timing signal is configured as an output to the DTE and sig-
nals the last bit of each data byte sent to the DTE on the receive user
data signal.
− Frame Timing (F):
The B/F/X timing signal is configured as an output to the DTE and sig-
nals the beginning of each frame of data bytes sent to the DTE on the
receive user data signal.

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• Transmit Timing

DTE R/104 Q D TUDA1


S/115
S/114
T/103 D Q
Δφ
1 1 = contradirectional adaptive
2 2 = contradirectional fix
X/113 3 3 = codirectional

Figure 37: Transmit timing

The timing signal used for the TUDA1 internal sampling of the transmit
user data signal T/103 can be configured to the following modes:
− Contradirectional fix:
The transmit user data signal (T/103) is sampled with the timing signal
S/114. The nominal delay from clocking out the receive data signal (R/
104) to the sampling of the transmit data signal (T/103) is half a bit
width.
In this mode the signal X/113 is not used and the corresponding con-
nector pins can be used as byte/frame timing (B/F) signal output.
− Contradirectional adaptive:
The transmit user data signal (T/103) is sampled with a phase
adjusted timing signal S/114. The sampling phase is adjusted to the
signal state changes of the transmit signal T/103. The transmit user
data signal can have any phase in relation to the transmit timing signal
(S/114).
In this mode the signal X/113 is not used.
This mode is used for relatively long lines and high user data rates
where the signal delay is of the same order of magnitude as the half
bit width or more.

Please note:
The byte or frame timing (B/F) signal output can not be used since the phase
relationship between the transmit data signal and the B/F timing signal can
not be determined by TUDA1.
− Codirectional:
The transmit user data signal (T/103) is sampled with the transmit tim-
ing signal received from the DTE (X/113). Note that the receive timing
signal (S/115) must be looped in the DTE so that the transmit timing
signal (X/113) is synchronous to the network element timing.
In this mode the signal X/113 is used and the corresponding connec-
tor pins are configured as inputs. The timing circuit B/F can’t be used,
i.e. the X.24 timing circuits must be configured to “None (B/F)”.

Please note:
With subrates the “contradirectional adaptive” and “codirectional” transmit
timing modes are not available.
• Loop 2b:
The maintenance function “Loop 2b” loops the receive timing signal S/
115 back to the transmit direction where it replaces the transmit timing
signal from the DTE X/113. With an active loop 2b the B or F timing sig-
nal can be set to OFF. For details please refer to section 7.2.1 Loop 2b
(on page 106).

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5.6.3 Conference Timing

All conference participants are synchronous to the network element timing


source, i.e. the PETS.
There are no participant specific timing signals used in a conference.

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5.7 Protection

5.7.1 Subnetwork Connection and linear Trail Protection

TUDA1 supports 1+1 linear trail protection and 1+1 inherently monitored
subnetwork connection protection (SNCP/I). 1+1 protection is available for
the DCE interfaces and for the conference participants.
The difference between the two protection scenarios lies in the availability of
CAS.
• If CAS is available the CAS AIS failure can be detected, which represents
then the 1+1 linear trail protection. Linear trail protection protects against
server failures and disconnected matrix connections (via CAS AIS detec-
tion).
• If CAS is not available only the server layer defects can be detected,
which represents then the 1+1 SNCP/I protection. SNCP/I protects
against server failures.
1+1 protection provides the 1+1 unidirectional protection. The operation type
can be configured to revertive or non-revertive.

Please note:
Non-revertive operation is only available for subrates and for n=1 (64 kbit/s).
The switching of the working and the protecting channel is done in sink
direction only. On the source side a fixed bridge is used.

Please note:
The loss of subrate frame alignment is not used as protection switching crite-
rion.

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working working
TDM
protecting Network protecting

P12 P12 P12 P12


transport transport transport transport

P-12 P-12 P-12 P-12

PBUS PBUS

P12 P12 P12

P0-nc P0-nc P0nc

Data Data
TUDA1 TUDA1

Figure 38: Unidirectional 1+1 protection

5.7.1.1 Protection configuration

P0-nc protection switching takes place in the TUDA1 cross connect function.
Protection switching action can be driven by two different request types:
• Traffic signal requests:
− Signal fail (SF)
The SF state is activated if the analysis of the incoming server signal
on the transport unit reports a signal failure, e.g. loss of signal.
− CAS-AIS
The CAS signalling pattern abcd of the received signal exhibits an
AIS, i.e. abcd = 1111.
− Signal degraded (SD)
The SD state is activated if the analysis of the incoming server signal
on the transport unit reports a degraded signal, e.g. BER 10-6.
• External command requests
− Forced switch to working
− Forced switch to protecting
− Manual switch to working
− Manual switch to protecting
Note that a forced switch is executed even when there is a failure on the tar-
get signal. A manual switch is executed only if the target signal exhibits no
degradation or a less severe degradation than the active signal.
The external command requests are maintenance functions, i.e. they are not
stored in the units database.

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It is possible to check the status of the protection switch (working, protecting


circuit) via the CTP status function.
For more information on cross connections and protection switching please
refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Services and Cross Connections in XMC20”.

5.7.2 Equipment Protection (EQP)

5.7.2.1 EQP features

To protect the TUDA1 functions against a failure on the TUDA1 unit, XMC20
offers the possibility to equip the subrack with a second TUDA1 unit as a
protecting unit.
EQP protects the conference function. The DCE interfaces can not be pro-
tected. If protection of the DCE interfaces is required, external equipment
performing the switching of the interface signals between the working and
the protecting unit must be used. Refer to section 5.7.2.5 DTE cabling for
1+1 equipment protection (on page 93).
In case of a failure on the active (working or protecting) unit the user traffic is
rerouted from the failed TUDA1 unit to the standby TUDA1 (protecting or
working) unit.
The working and the protecting TUDA1 units can be plugged in any free slot
of the XMC20 subrack.

Please note:
The protection switching is non revertive, i.e. after the repair of a failed
TUDA1 unit, the currently active TUDA1 unit remains the active unit irrespec-
tive if it is the working or protecting unit.

Please note:
During a protection switching event the user traffic is interrupted for up to
6 s.

5.7.2.2 EQP prerequisites

To enable equipment protection for the TUDA1 unit some prerequisites must
be met:
• The protecting TUDA1 unit must be in the unassigned state. Otherwise
the unit will not be selectable in the EQP configuration in AP: /unit-x, Con-
figuration - EQP: Create Group…, EQP Group Creation, Protecting Unit.
• The protecting unit must be hardware compatible with the working unit.
Check the hardware compatibility status after the EQP group configura-
tion in the AP: /unit-x, Status - EQP: Units Status, HW Compatible.
The following requirements must be fulfilled that the two units are stated
as hardware compatible:
− Identical unit function. The unit function is composed of the 5 first
characters of the unit name, e.g. TUDA1. The unit name is available at
the AP:/ Main - Equipment, Unit.
− Identical board identification, e.g. 349. The board identification is avail-
able at the AP:/ Main - Inventory, Board ID.

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− Identical hardware variant. The hardware variant is the truncation of


the hardware key divided by 256, e.g. 1/256 = 0. The hardware key is
available at the AP:/ Main - Inventory, Hardware Key.
• The protecting unit must be software compatible with the working unit.
Check the software compatibility status after the EQP group configuration
in the AP: /unit-x, Status - EQP: Units Status, SW Compatible.
The following requirements must be fulfilled that the two units are stated
as software compatible:
− Identical unit function. The unit function is composed of the 5 first
characters of the software name, e.g. tuda1. The unit name is availa-
ble at the AP:/ Main - Equipment, Software.
In order to guarantee the full compatibility of all features it is strongly rec-
ommended to use the same software on the working and on the protect-
ing unit.
The compatible software must be installed on the TUDA1 unit before the
EQP group creation.
• The unit configuration of an equipment protection group is always done
on the active unit. The configuration on the standby unit is not possible.

Risk of operating trouble!


The configuration of an equipment protection group must be saved (ECST
NE menu or ECST tool bar: Save to NE).
→ Otherwise, in case of a protection switch event, the NE will load an
outdated configuration from the internal configuration database and
the NE configuration will be corrupted.

5.7.2.3 EQP configuration

The working TUDA1 unit of an EQP group is assigned and configured the
same way as a stand alone TUDA1 unit.
The protecting TUDA1 unit is running with the same ESW as the working
unit and must be in the unassigned state.
The 1+1 equipment protection group is configured on the working unit:
• AP: /unit-x, Configuration - EQP.
− Execute the command “Create Group…”.
− Select the Protecting unit, e.g. /unit-18.
− Execute “OK”.
• Save the NE configuration.
Further on any changes on the TUDA1 configuration must be done on the
active unit. To find out which unit is the active unit check the AP tree or the
unit status of the working or protecting TUDA1 unit.

5.7.2.4 EQP status

The unit status of the working and protecting units shows the actual status of
the units belonging to the equipment protection group. The unit status offers
also the commands for the EQP manipulation:

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• Manual switch
The currently standby unit is set as active unit and the currently active
unit is set as standby unit. This requires that the currently standby unit is
in operational state, i.e.
− has no failure,
− is not isolated.
A manual switch is possible if it is indicated with the “Manual Switch-Over
Allowed” parameter.
Note that this command can only be activated on the working unit status
window.
• Forced switch
The currently standby unit is set as active unit, independent of the failure
state of the currently standby unit.
Note that there is a risk that the user traffic will be permanently inter-
rupted if the currently standby unit is in a failure state.
The currently active unit is set as standby unit.
Note that this command can only be activated on the working unit status
window.
• Isolate unit
To be able to perform a maintenance action, e.g. update of the embed-
ded software, on an active unit without activating a protection switch-
over, the working unit can be isolated. This means that the protection
switching state machine is frozen and no protection switch will be done
until the isolation of the unit is removed.
Note that the isolate unit command can only be applied to the working
unit.
• Join unit
Remove the isolation of a previously isolated unit.
Note that the join unit command can only be applied to the working unit.
The table in the EQP status window displays the following items:
• Unit
MO address of the unit belonging to the EQP group.
• EQP unit mode
The working unit is the unit where the protection group has been config-
ured.
The protecting unit is the unit that has been set to the unassigned state
before configuring the protection group.
• Active
Active true means the unit is the active unit, i.e. it is the operational unit.
Active false means the unit is the standby unit, i.e. it is not the operational
unit.
The active state can be changed with the “Manual Switch” and “Forced
Switch” commands.
• Failure
Failure true means the unit is in a failure state.
Failure false means the unit is not in a failure state.
The failure state can not be changed manually.
• Substituted
Substituted true on the working unit means the unit has been substituted
by the protecting unit. A substituted unit is also in the “active false” state.
Substituted false on the working unit means the unit has not been substi-
tuted, i.e. it is the active unit or it has been isolated.

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The substituted state of the protecting unit is always false.


• Isolated
Isolated true means the unit has been isolated with the “Isolate Unit”
command.
Isolated false means the unit is not isolated.
The isolation state can be changed with the “Isolate Unit” and “Join Unit”
commands.
The isolated state of the protecting unit is always false.
• HW Compatible
HW compatible true means the working HW unit is compatible with the
protecting HW unit.
HW compatible false means the working HW unit is not compatible with
the protecting HW unit. Equipment protection is not possible.
• SW Compatible
SW compatible true means the working unit embedded software (ESW) is
compatible with the protecting unit ESW.
SW compatible false means the working unit ESW is not compatible with
the protecting unit ESW. Equipment protection is not possible.
• DB Saved
DB saved true means the current configuration of the working or protect-
ing unit has been saved to the XMC20 internal database.
DB saved false means the current configuration of the working or protect-
ing unit has not been saved to the XMC20 internal database. A protection
switching event will load an outdated configuration and traffic will be dis-
turbed.

5.7.2.5 DTE cabling for 1+1 equipment protection

Due to the fact that TUDA1 has front interfaces that are doubled when using
the 1+1 equipment protection function, the DTE cabling must be set up
accordingly.
1+1 equipment protection with TUDA1 works only with V.24/V.28, V.35 or
X.24/V.11 type DTEs providing two separate interfaces. One of the inter-
faces is the working interface while the other is in standby mode.

DTE TUDA1
working

active
PBUS

TUDA1
protecting

standby

Figure 39: 1+1 equipment protection

Risk of operating trouble!


When connecting a V.24/V.28, V.35 or X.24/V.11 type DTE to a working and
protecting TUDA1 port in parallel the electrical interface parameters will be
violated.

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1+1 equipment protection with a RS485 type DTE is possible as long as the
electrical interface parameters are not violated.
When using the Ethernet port of TUDA1 with 1+1 protection switching, the
Ethernet cabling must be connected with an external switch box or a hub.
Great care should be taken when using additional switch boxes, as these
devices must be considered as single points of failure in the sensitive path of
the 1+1 equipment protection scheme.

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6 Commissioning
In this section, you will find a commissioning example for the TUDA1 unit, a
TUDA1 interface and a TUDA1 conference.
Please refer to [355] User Manual “ECST” for details on the general GUI
aspects, and to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/XMC22” for specific char-
acteristics of the XMC20.

6.1 Profiles

6.1.1 General

A profile is a set of configuration parameters that can be applied to a certain


managed object.
Profiles are created offline with the CPS & Profile tool contained in the ECST
GUI (Menu: Tools / CPS & Profile …) and then downloaded to the network
element in order to make the profiles applicable.
For more information concerning profile handling please refer to [355] User
Manual “ECST”.

Please note:
The creation of profiles is based upon templates that are provided with the
ESW versions.
→ The templates are available only after importing the respective service
unit’s ESW in ECST

Please note:
Make sure that you only use profiles from templates that have been installed
with the ESW running on the respective unit. If you use profiles from other
ESW versions, you may get an error message when trying to apply the pro-
file to the unit’s configuration.

Risk of operating trouble!


Applying a new profile will lead to a service interruption.

6.1.2 TUDA1 Profile Handling

The TUDA1 unit supports one profile type:


• QoS mapping profile
The QoS mapping profile defines the mapping of incoming frames to the
four ingress queues according to the VLAN priority or the DSCP value

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Please note:
TUDA1 supports the provisioning of up to 8 different QoS mapping profiles.
The profile is applicable to the managed objects according to the following
table.

Table 30: Profile applicability to managed objects


Profile Profile type Applicable to MO
QoS mapping QoSMappingProfile_1.00.00 unit-x/port-5: 10/100BASE-TX

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6.2 Commissioning of a DCE Interface

6.2.1 Prerequisites

Before starting the commissioning of a DCE interface on the TUDA1 unit, the
following prerequisites need to be fulfilled.

6.2.1.1 COGE5 unit

In a XMC20, a COGE5 needs to be in operation in slot 11 of the XMC20


subrack.

6.2.1.2 TUDA1 unit

The TUDA1 service unit is inserted into a slot of the XMC20 subrack. Availa-
ble slots are listed in section 4.2 Slots and Deployment Scenarios for the
TUDA1 Unit (on page 28).
A valid ESW is installed on the TUDA1 unit. For the management of ESW,
refer to [355] User Manual “ECST”. For details about compatible ESW ver-
sions, refer to [012] Release Note “XMC20”.
Port-y of the TUDA1 unit is connected to a DTE with the matching interface
type.

6.2.1.3 TDM transport unit (optional)

A TDM transport unit is inserted in the XMC20 and is running with a proper
ESW:
− SELI8,
− SDSL8,
− STM14,
− NUSA1,
− NUSA2.

6.2.1.4 ECST

ECST needs to be installed on a PC, and a management connection from


the ECST to the XMC20 needs to be up and running. For details about the
installation and operation of the ECST, please refer to [355] User Manual
“ECST” and [354] Quick Guide “ECST”.
The amount and accessibility of operations depend on the user profile with
which you are logged in. For more information, please refer to [323] User
Guide “Management Communication”.

6.2.1.5 PETS

The PETS on the XMC20 network element must be configured to an appro-


priate synchronization clock source, i.e. a clock source traceable to a PRC.

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For the PETS configuration refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Services and
Cross Connections in XMC20”.

6.2.2 Configuration of a DCE Interface

For the configuration of the user port, the following steps have to be per-
formed.

Port configuration This action list shows step by step how to configure a user port. The given
example uses mostly the default values.
The following assumptions and identifiers are used:
‒ The TUDA1 unit is assumed to be plugged in slot 7 of a XMC25.
‒ The TUDA1 unit is assigned.
‒ The port to be configured has the identifier port-1.
‒ The interface type is V.35 with a synchronous transmission rate of
64 kbit/s.

Configure the port general Proceed as follows:


parameters
1. Navigate to the general parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/port-1, Configuration - General.
2. Select the interface type:
- Interface Type = V.35.
3. Select the transmission mode:
- Transmission = Synchronous.
4. Select the interface rate:
- Rate = 64 kbit/s.
5. Disable the data signal inversion:
- Data Signal Inversion = false.
6. Execute “Apply”.

Configure the port signal Proceed as follows:


structure parameters
1. Navigate to the signal structure parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/port-1, Configuration - Signal Structure.
2. Select the synchronous timing mode with contradirectional timing:
- Timing = Contradirectional-Fix.
3. Execute “Apply”.

Configure the port control sig- Proceed as follows:


nal parameters 1. Navigate to the control signal parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/port-1, Configuration - Control Signals.
2. Select the control signal parameters from DTE, all control signals set to
ON, with control signal transport:
- 105 (RTS,C) = ON,
- 108 (DTR) = ON,
- Signalling To Network = “Yes”.

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3. Select the control signal parameters to DTE, all control signals set to ON
or OFF:
- 106 (CTS) = ON,
- 107 (DSR) = ON,
- 109 (DCD, I) = ON,
- 142 (Loopback Indication) = OFF.
4. Select the delay time for the control signals:
- 105 (RTS,C) -> 106 (CTS) / 109 (DCD, I) = 0 ms,
5. Execute “Apply”.

Configure the port error han- Proceed as follows:


dling parameters
1. Navigate to the error handling parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/port-1, Configuration - Error Handling.
2. Select the receive failure error handling:
- Consequent Action 104 (RXD, R) = 1.
3. Select the transmit failure error handling, no level detection:
- Level Detection 103 (TXD, T) = False,
- Consequent Action 103 (TXD, T) = None.
4. Select the transmit send time filter parameters, no send or idle time fil-
ters:
- DTE Max Send Time Filter = false.
- DTE Max Idle Time Filter = false.
- Execute “Apply”.

Configure the port test loops Proceed as follows:


parameters
1. Navigate to the test loops parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/port-1, Configuration - Test Loops.
2. Select the loop activation device, activation by the element manager:
- Activation By = EM.
3. Select the transmit signal during loop 3c and loop 3b:
- 103 (TXD, T) = 1.
4. Select the receive signal during loop 2b:
- 104 (RXD, R) = 1.
5. Execute “Apply”.

Configure the port CTP Proceed as follows:


parameters 1. Navigate to the CTP parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/port-1, Configuration - CTP.
2. The CTP parameters are implicitly set and fixed. All displayed parame-
ters are read-only.
3. Configure the z-End:
- Enable the Revertive Protection Switching = true.
- Disable the CAS AIS Supervision = false.
- Disable the Switch-Over Logging = false.
- Execute “Apply”.
Result: The user port is completely configured.

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Create the cross connection Proceed as follows:


1. Configure the cross connection from the user port to a time slot on a
SELI8 unit. It is assumed that the connection termination point (CTP) on
the SELI8 unit has been created before on port-8, time slot 1. Please
note that the termination mode of the SELI8 port must be configured to
PCM30 or PCM30C, i.e. using CAS.
2. Select the “Cross connections” view of the ECST.
- Click on the “Connection Wizard” button:

- The “Create TDM Connection” dialogue opens.


3. Set the connection parameters:
- Layer Rate = P0-nc.
- Directionality = Bidirectional.
- Protected = No.
- Label 1 = <anyName>.
- Label 2 = <anyName>.
- Number = 1.
4. Execute “Next ->”.
5. Select the Z-End CTP:
- Select the TUDA1 unit, port-1.
6. Execute “Next ->”.
7. Select the A-End CTP:
- Select the SELI8 unit, port-8/chan-1.
8. Execute “Create”.
Result: The bidirectional cross connection from the SELI8 channel to
the TUDA1 port is created.

Activation Proceed as follows:


1. Set the administrative state of the port-1 to up
AP:/unit-7/port-1, Main - Admin And Oper Status:
- Set Administrative Status to “Up”.
2. Execute “Apply”.
→ The “Operational Status” changes to “Up”.
Result: The port is activated.
End of instruction

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6.3 Commissioning of a Conference

6.3.1 Prerequisites

Refer to section 6.2.1 Prerequisites (on page 97).

6.3.2 Configuration of a Conference

For the configuration of a conference, the following steps have to be per-


formed.

Conference configuration This action list shows step by step how to configure a conference. The given
example uses mostly the default values.
The following assumptions and identifiers are used:
‒ The TUDA1 unit is assumed to be plugged in slot 7 of a XMC25.
‒ The TUDA1 unit is assigned.
‒ The conference to be configured has the identifier conf-1.
‒ The maximum number of participants is 4.
‒ The initial number of participants is 3.
‒ The rate is 64 kbit/s.
‒ The conference is of the multipoint-to-multipoint type.
‒ The conference has one “local” participant, one participant “to master”
and one participant “to slave”.
‒ The participants use CAS for the control signal transport.
‒ The participants data and control signals are interconnected without
conditional control.

Configure the unit parameters Proceed as follows:


1. Navigate to the conferencing parameters:
- AP:/unit-7, Configuration - Conferencing.
2. Create a data conference:
- Execute “Create Conference…”.
- The “Create Conference” dialogue opens.
3. Enter the conference parameters:
- Index = 1.
- Maximum Number Of Participants = 4.
- Initial Number Of Participants = 3.
- Rate = 64 kbit/s.
- Type = MP2MP.
4. Execute “OK”.
Result: The unit parameters are configured.

Configure the participant 1 Proceed as follows:


general parameters 1. Navigate to the general parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/conf-1/part-1, Configuration - General.
2. Enable the control signals towards the conference:
- Signalling To Conference = Yes.

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3. Enable the control signals from the conference:


- Signalling From Conference = Yes.
4. Select the participants role:
- Role = To Master.
5. Disable the conditional interconnection:
- Conditional Interconnection = No.
6. Execute “Apply”.

Configure the participant 1 Proceed as follows:


CTP parameters
1. Navigate to the CTP parameters:
- AP:/unit-7/conf-1/part-1, Configuration - CTP.
2. The CTP parameters are implicitly set and fixed. All displayed parame-
ters are read-only.
3. Configure the z-End:
- Enable the Revertive Protection Switching = true.
- Disable the CAS AIS Supervision = false.
- Disable the Switch-Over Logging = false.
- Execute “Apply”.
Result: The participant 1 is completely configured.

Configure the participant 2 Proceed as follows:


1. Configuration analogue to participant 1, but with the participants role set
to “To Slave”.

Configure the participant 3 Proceed as follows:


1. Configuration analogue to participant 1, but with the participants role set
to “Local”.

Create the cross connection Proceed as follows:


for participant 1
1. Configure the cross connection from the participant 1 to a time slot on a
SELI8 unit. It is assumed that the connection termination point (CTP) on
the SELI8 unit has been created before on port-1, time slot 1. Please
note that the termination mode of the SELI8 port must be configured to
PCM30 or PCM30C, i.e. using CAS.
2. Select the “Cross connections” view of the ECST.
- Click on the “Connection Wizard” button:

- The “Create TDM Connection” dialogue opens.


3. Set the connection parameters:
- Layer Rate = P0-nc.
- Directionality = Bidirectional.
- Protected = No.
- Label 1 = <anyName>.
- Label 2 = <anyName>.
- Number = 1.

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4. Execute “Next ->”.


5. Select the Z-End CTP:
- Select the TUDA1 unit, part-1 of conf-1.
6. Execute “Next ->”.
7. Select the A-End CTP:
- Select the SELI8 unit, port-1/chan-1.
8. Execute “Create”.
Result: The bidirectional cross connection between TUDA1 and SELI8
is configured.

Create the cross connection Proceed as follows:


for participant 2
1. Configure the cross connection from the participant 2 to a time slot on a
SELI8 unit. It is assumed that the connection termination point (CTP) on
the SELI8 unit has been created before on port-2, time slot 1. Please
note that the termination mode of the SELI8 port must be configured to
PCM30 or PCM30C, i.e. using CAS.
2. Select the “Cross connections” view of the ECST.
- Click on the “Connection Wizard” button:

- The “Create TDM Connection” dialogue opens.


3. Set the connection parameters:
- Layer Rate = P0-nc.
- Directionality = Bidirectional.
- Protected = No.
- Label 1 = <anyName>.
- Label 2 = <anyName>.
- Number = 1.
4. Execute “Next ->”.
5. Select the Z-End CTP:
- Select the TUDA1 unit, part-2 of conf-1.
6. Execute “Next ->”.
7. Select the A-End CTP:
- Select the SELI8 unit, port-2/chan-1.
8. Execute “Create”.
Result: The bidirectional cross connection between TUDA1 and SELI8
is configured.

Create the cross connection Proceed as follows:


for participant 3
1. Configure the cross connection from the participant 3 to a user port on
the same TUDA1 unit (port-1).
2. Select the “Cross connections” view of the ECST.
- Click on the “Connection Wizard” button:

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- The “Create TDM Connection” dialogue opens.


3. Set the connection parameters:
- Layer Rate = P0-nc.
- Directionality = Bidirectional.
- Protected = No.
- Label 1 = <anyName>.
- Label 2 = <anyName>.
- Number = 1.
4. Execute “Next ->”.
5. Select the Z-End CTP:
- Select the TUDA1 unit, part-3 of conf-1.
6. Execute “Next ->”.
7. Select the A-End CTP:
- Select the TUDA1 unit, port-1.
8. Execute “Create”.
Result: The bidirectional cross connection between TUDA1 port and
conference participant is configured.

Activation Proceed as follows:


1. It is assumed that the administrative state of the port-1 has been set to
up before.
The conference and the participants don’t need any activation.
End of instruction

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7 Operation
This section describes the operation functions of the TUDA1 unit.

Please note:
The operation functions described in this section assume a correctly config-
ured and operational TUDA1 unit.

7.1 Unit optical Indicators

LEDs on the front of the TUDA1 unit are used to indicate to the user the
alarm status summary of the unit and of the network traffic signals.

XXXXx R1B
37900374

UNIT TRAFFIC

Figure 40: Fault indication LEDs on the TUDA1 unit

Table 31: LED signalling on TUDA1


LED name Colour State Meaning
UNIT Red Failure Unit is not in service.
The unit is not able to provide the requested function due to
- equipment failure (total breakdown),
- mismatch of HW and SW.
Recovery from this error situation is done usually by replacement
of unit HW or ESW.
Green / Red Booting or Unit has not been taken in service yet or the unit has not been pro-
(blinking 1 Hz) waiting visioned.
Recovery from this situation is done by taking this unit into service
with ECST.
Green Running Unit is up and running, it is ready to provide the required service.
Off Failure System is not powered or outage of power supply on unit or outage
of LED.
TRAFFIC Red Failure One or more active failures on the unit, independent of the sever-
ity.
More detailed information is provided by ECST.
Off Normal Normal (error free) operation.

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7.2 Loops

For maintenance purposes TUDA1 offers for the DCE interfaces three differ-
ent types of diagnostic loops.

TUDA1

R/104

PBUS
DTE Loop 3c Loop 2b Processing Loop 3b

T/103

Figure 41: Loops 2b, 3b and 3c

• Loop 2b (remote loop)


The loop 2b redirects the received data from the network back to the net-
work. The network connection between the local DCE and the remote
DCE can be tested.
• Loop 3b (local loop)
The loop 3b sends the user data transmitted by the DTE back to the DTE.
The connection between DTE and local DCE can be tested.
• Loop 3c (local loop)
The loop 3c sends the user data transmitted by the DTE back to the DTE
without processing of the data signal. The connection between DTE and
local DCE can be tested.
The loop signal conditions are according to ITU-T X.150. With V-type inter-
faces the loops are according to ITU-T X.20bis, X.21bis and V.54. With X-
type interfaces the loops are according to ITU-T X.20 and X.21.
Only one loop 2b or 3b or 3c can be active at the same time per port.
All loops can be activated by the element manager ECST. The loop 3c can
also be activated from the DTE via the control signal 141. Loops can only be
activated by the ECST or the DTE. This is done to prevent two users per-
forming maintenance functions at the same time.

Please note:
An active loop 2b, 3b or 3c is traffic disturbing.

Please note:
An active loop generates the alarm “Maintenance Function Active”.

Please note:
There are no diagnostics loops available with MAC bridging.

7.2.1 Loop 2b

The loop 2b is the so called remote loop. The loop selector is located close
to the DCE interface.

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TUDA1 A, TUDA1 B,
local remote
T/103
R/104

DTE TDM Processing Loop 2b DTE


A Network B
T/103
R/104
fixed pattern

Figure 42: Loop 2b

The loop 2b at location B can be activated from the ECST at location B.


During an active loop 2b the signals towards the DTE A are as follows:
• The transmit data signal T/103 is replaced by the receive data signal R/
104.
• The control signal C/105 is replaced by the received control signal I/109 if
the control signal C/105 is configured to “From-DTE”. With another con-
figuration the control signal is not modified.
• The control signal 108 is replaced by the received control signal 107 if the
control signal 108 is configured to “From-DTE”. With another configura-
tion the control signal is not modified.
• The transmit timing signal X/113, if used, is replaced by the receiver tim-
ing signal S/115.
During an active loop 2b the signals towards the DTE B are as follows:
• The receive data signal R/104 is a fixed pattern, configurable to “1, “0” or
“0101”
• The control signals I/109, 106 and 107 are all set to OFF.
• The control signal 142 is set to ON, indicating to the DTE that a test func-
tion is active.
• The timing signals S/114 and S/115 remain active.
• The timing signal B/F remains active or can be set to OFF.

7.2.2 Loop 3b

The loop 3b is the so called local loop. The loop selector is located close to
the PBUS interface of the TUDA1 unit.

TUDA1 A, TUDA1 B,
local remote
T/103
R/104

DTE Processing Loop 3b TDM DTE


A T/103 Network B
R/104
fixed pattern

Figure 43: Loop 3b

The loop 3b at location A can be activated from the ECST at location A.


During an active loop 3b the signals towards DTE A are as follows:

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• The receive data signal R/104 is replaced by the transmit data signal T/
103.
• The control signal I/109 is replaced by the transmitted control signal C/
105 if the control signal I/109 is configured to “Remote-105”. With another
configuration the control signal is not modified.
• The control signal 107 is replaced by the transmitted control signal 108 if
the control signal 107 is configured to “Remote- 108”. With another con-
figuration the control signal is not modified.
• The control signal 106 is not modified by a loop 3b.
• The control signal 142 is set to ON, indicating to the DTE that a test func-
tion is active.
• The timing signals S/114, S/115 and B/F remain active.
During an active loop 3b the signals towards the DTE B are as follows:
• The transmit data signal T/103 is a fixed pattern, configurable to “1, “0” or
“0101”
• The control signal C/105 is set to OFF.
• The control signal 108 is set to OFF.

Please note:
With subrates the transmit data signal towards the DTE B is not the fixed
pattern, but the unchanged user data signal from DTE A.
→ The loop 3b with subrates is transparent.

7.2.3 Loop 3c

The loop 3c is the so called local loop. The loop selector is located close to
the DCE interface of TUDA1.

TUDA1 A, TUDA1 B,
local remote
T/103
R/104

DTE Loop 3c Processing TDM DTE


A Network B
T/103
R/104
fixed
pattern

Figure 44: Loop 3c

The loop 3c at location A can be activated


• from the ECST at location A
• from the DTE at location A with the control signal 141 = ON with V-type
interfaces.
The data, control and timing signals towards DTE A and DTE B are the
same as with the loop 3b.

Please note:
With higher user data rates and long cables, the timing condition of the data
sampling in the DTE can not be fulfilled anymore since the looped data sig-
nal is not resampled in TUDA1.
→ Use loop 3b instead.

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7.3 DCE Interface Line State Maintenance

The port and participant line state maintenance functions allow to take a
DCE interface or a conference participant out of service or to insert a test
pattern towards the front port or towards the conference.
The line state maintenance function provides the following parameters:
• In service:
This parameter restores the normal operating state of the front port or of
the conference participant.
• Out of service:
Take a front port or a conference participant out of service, i.e. replace
the data signal by an all-1 signal in receive and transmit direction, set all
control signals towards the DTE to OFF, set the S, SA and SB bits in the
X.30/V.110 frame to OFF and replace the signalling towards the network
by an AIS (abcd = 1111) and activate the TSD and TSF signals. TSF and
TSD are the XMC20 internal failure signals used to control the protection
switching.
The timing signals remain active.
− Port maintenance:
This parameter can be used to simulate a failed path towards the front
port.
− Participant maintenance:
This parameter can be used to test the protection switching in a point-
to-multipoint or multipoint-to-multipoint application due to a failed
TUDA1 unit.

Please note:
The line states of both the “to master” and the “to slave” participants must be
set to “out of service” to check the correct protection switching.
• Test pattern insertion:
Replace the receive data signal at the front port or a conference partici-
pants data signal by a test pattern 0101, set all control signals towards
the DTE to OFF. The CAS signalling of a conference participant is set to
OFF. The subrate S, SA and SB bits of a conference participant are
transparent.
The timing signals remain active.
− Port maintenance:
This parameter provides an easy way to check the connection from
the TUDA1 unit to a connected DTE.
To insert a test pattern towards the TDM network, a loop 2b or an
external hardware loop must be applied at the corresponding inter-
face.
− Participant maintenance:
This parameter provides an easy way to check the connection from
the TUDA1 unit to any other conference participant.
In a point-to-multipoint application a test pattern inserted at the “to
master” participant is sent to all “local” and the “to slave” participants.
A test pattern inserted at a “local” or “to slave” participant is sent to the
“to master” participant.
In a multipoint-to-multipoint application a test pattern inserted at any
participant is sent to all other participants.

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When applying a maintenance function the following signals are sent


towards the front port or the conference and towards the PBUS:

Table 32: Maintenance function signal replacement


Function Signal Towards front port or Towards PBUS
conference
Out of service Data signal 1111’1111 1111’1111
Control signals OFF -
CAS - 1111
Failure signal - TSF, TSD a
Insert test pattern Data signal 0101’0101 -
b
Control signals OFF -
CAS - -
Failure signal - -

a. TSF and TSD are the XMC20 internal failure signals used to control the protection
switching
b. With subrates the control signals towards a conference are transparent.
For the location of the signal insertion points please refer to the figures in
section 5.4.1 Port Data Handling (on page 62), section 5.4.2 Conference
Data Handling (on page 63), section 5.5.4 Port Control Signal Handling (on
page 73) and section 5.5.5 Conference Control Signal Handling (on
page 77).

Please note:
Active maintenance functions generate the MFA alarm (maintenance func-
tion active).

Please note:
Only one maintenance functions can be active at the same time on a port or
conference participant.

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7.4 DTE send and idle Time Restrictions

A supervision circuit of the DTEs send and idle times helps to improve the
network’s availability by preventing the network from remaining blocked as a
result of a defective DTE. This function is mainly used in the point-to-multi-
point and multipoint-to-multipoint applications.
The activity check of a DTE is done by checking the logic content of the
transmit data signal T/103: A “0” means an active state, a “1” means an inac-
tive state.
The send time supervision checks the number of consecutive seconds with
observed activity of the DTE, i.e. each second containing a data bit with a
logic “0” counts as a “send time second”. If the number of “send time sec-
onds” exceeds the configured limit an alarm is activated.
The send time limit can be configured from 1 s to 255 s.
The idle time supervision checks the number of consecutive seconds with no
observed activity of the DTE, i.e. each second containing only data bits with
a logic “1” counts as an “idle time second”. If during the observation period
the number of “idle time seconds” is below the configured limit an alarm is
activated.
The idle time limit can be configured from 1 s to 255 s. The observation
period for the idle time can be configured from 2 s to 65’535 s. The idle time
limit is required to be smaller than the observation period.

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Interface out of service


Send time OK
Idle time OK
Cs = 0 Cs: Counter for the send time seconds
Ci = 0 Ci: Counter for the idle time seconds
Co = 0 Co: Counter for the idle time observation
period

Interface in service

Check activity for


1s
Co = Co + 1

N Y
Activity

Cs = 0 Cs = Cs + 1
Ci = Ci + 1 Ci = 0

Send time OK

N N N
Ci ≥ limit Co ≥ limit Cs ≥ limit

Y Y Y

Ci = 0 Ci = 0
Cs = 0
Co = 0 Co = 0

Idle time OK Idle time violated Send time violated

Figure 45: Send time and idle time supervision

When one of the send time or idle time limits is violated the interface can be
taken out of service (refer to section 8.4.3.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configura-
tion - Error Handling (on page 137)). All DTEs connected to this port will be
detached in this case. The DTEs remain detached until the interface is taken
into service again 30 s after the defect clearing or with the corresponding
port status command, refer to section 8.4.6.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status -
Maintenance (on page 149).

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7.5 Maintenance

7.5.1 Inventory Data

It is possible to read inventory data from the TUDA1 unit via the ECST with
the following access point:
AP: /unit-x, Main - Inventory.

7.5.2 Unit ESW Download

It is possible to update the embedded software (ESW) of the TUDA1 unit via
software download.
Please refer to [355] User Manual “ECST” for the description of the ESW
download.

Risk of operating trouble!


The assignment of new embedded software restarts the TUDA1 unit.
Thus, the installation of new ESW on the unit affects all traffic functions of
the TUDA1 unit.

7.5.3 ESW Upgrade with EQP

When upgrading the ESW on 1:1 equipment protected TUDA1 units, care
must be taken concerning the traffic interruptions and which unit will finally
be the active unit. At the end of the upgrade procedure the working unit shall
be the active unit.
It is assumed that the working unit is plugged in slot 7 and the protecting unit
is plugged in slot 18 of the XMC25 subrack.

ESW upgrade procedure 1 The following procedure provides the upgrade process with one traffic inter-
ruption of about 60 s.

Isolate the working unit Proceed as follows:


1. Isolate the working TUDA1 unit:
- AP: /unit-7, Status – EQP.
- Execute the “Isolate Unit” command.
Result: The working TUDA1 unit is isolated, i.e. it will not perform a pro-
tection switchover.

ESW download and start Proceed as follows:


1. Configure the new ESW file for the working TUDA1 unit:
- Menu Tools - Software Download ….
- Click on the table row with ID “/unit-7”.
- In the “Software to install” column select the software to be down-
loaded.
- Tick the “Delete unused Software” box.

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2. Configure the new ESW file for the protecting TUDA1:


- Click on the table row with ID “/unit-18”.
- In the “Software to install” column select the software to be down-
loaded.
- Tick the “Delete unused Software” box.
3. Execute the “Download and Start …” command.
- The “Parameters for command Download and Start” dialogue opens.
- Select the “Upgrade Units Only” algorithm.
- Click “OK”.
- The new ESW is downloaded and becomes active on the working
and the protecting units.
- Traffic will be interrupted for about 60 s.
Result: The new ESW is active on the working and the protecting
TUDA1 units. The working TUDA1 unit in slot 18 remains the
active unit.

Join the working unit Proceed as follows:


1. Join the working TUDA1 unit:
- AP: /unit-7, Status – EQP.
- Execute the “Join Unit” command.
Result: The working TUDA1 unit is able again to perform a protection
switchover.
End of instruction

ESW upgrade procedure 2 An alternative procedure requires two short interruptions of about 1 s instead
of one long interruption. 1

ESW download Proceed as follows:


1. Configure the new ESW file for the working TUDA1 unit:
- Menu Tools - Software Download ….
- Click on the table row with ID “/unit-7”.
- In the “Software to install” column select the software to be down-
loaded.
- Tick the “Delete unused Software” box.
2. Configure the new ESW file for the protecting TUDA1:
- Click on the table row with ID “/unit-18”.
- In the “Software to install” column select the software to be down-
loaded.
- Tick the “Delete unused Software” box.
3. Execute the “Download” command.
- The new ESW is downloaded to the working and the protecting units.
Result: The ESW download is complete.

ESW upgrade on the protect- Proceed as follows:


ing unit
1. Apply the new ESW on the protecting TUDA1 unit:
- AP: /unit-18, Main - Software
- Select the downloaded software in the “Software” selection box.
- Execute the “Apply” command.

1. The 1 s interruption time is valid for configurations with up to 1 conference only.


With 212 conferences the interruption is up to 60 s.

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2. Save the configuration:


- Execute the “Save to NE” command.
3. Start the new ESW on the protecting TUDA1 unit:
- AP: /unit-18, Main - Software
- Execute the “Start Software” command.
- The new ESW becomes active on the protecting unit. This takes
about 60 s.
Result: The ESW upgrade on the protecting unit is complete.

Manual switch to protecting 1. Perform a manual switch-over from the working to the protecting TUDA1
unit unit:
- AP: /unit-7, Status - EQP
- Execute the “Manual Switch-Over” command.
- Traffic will be switched to the protecting unit.
- Traffic will be interrupted for about 1 s.
2. Wait until the working unit has rebooted (about 60 s).

ESW upgrade on the working 1. Apply the new ESW on the working TUDA1 unit:
unit - AP: /unit-7, Main - Software
- Select the downloaded software in the “Software” selection box.
- Execute the “Apply” command.
2. Save the configuration:
- Execute the “Save to NE” command.
3. Start the new ESW on the working TUDA1 unit:
- AP: /unit-7, Main - Software
- Execute the “Start Software” command.
- The new ESW becomes active on the working unit.
4. Wait until the working unit has rebooted (about 60 s).

Manual switch to working unit 1. Perform a manual switch-over from the protecting to the working TUDA1
unit:
- AP: /unit-7, Status - EQP
- Execute the “Manual Switch-Over” command.
- Traffic will be switched to the working unit.
- Traffic will be interrupted for about 1 s.
2. Wait until the protecting unit has rebooted (about 60 s).
Result: The ESW upgrade is complete.
End of instruction

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8 User Interface Reference


This section gives a complete reference of the managed objects, properties,
and commands of the TUDA1 service unit as far as these are not covered in
the generic descriptions in [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/XMC22”.
For a description on how to configure and bring into operation the TUDA1
unit and its main functions, please refer to section 6 Commissioning (on
page 95).

8.1 Introduction

Below, you will find a detailed description of all the configuration parameters
and operations belonging to the managed objects model (MOM) for the
TUDA1 service unit.
The Figure 46 "MOM (managed object model) of the TUDA1 unit" shows the
access point (AP) tree for the TUDA1 unit with its managed objects.

<ap >
XMC20

0...20 <ap >


unit-x: TUDA1

5 <ap>
port-y

0...212 <ap>
conf-z

0 ...16 <ap>
part-a

Figure 46: MOM (managed object model) of the TUDA1 unit

With these managed objects (MOs) the following functions are covered:

Table 33: Managed objects (MOs) for TUDA1


MO Description of the management functions
unit-x: TUDA1 Rxx Restart of the unit, management of the unit ESW, labelling,
(tuda1_r2e) indication of equipment status, read of inventory data, access
to logbooks. Configuration of unit parameters and equipment
protection parameters, creating or deleting of data confer-
ences.
The detailed properties are described in section 8.3 AP: / unit-
x: TUDA1 (on page 120).

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Table 33: Managed objects (MOs) for TUDA1 (continued)


MO Description of the management functions
port-y Management of the DCE and Ethernet interface related func-
tions, like the interface type, transmission mode, user bit rate
and maintenance functions.
The detailed properties are described in section 8.4 AP: / unit-x
/ port-y, y = 1 … 4 (on page 129)
conf-z Management of a data conference. Creating or deleting of con-
ference participants.
The detailed properties are described in section 8.6 AP: / unit-x
/ conf-z (on page 163)
part-a Management of a participant of a data conference. Parameters
as e.g. participant role, signalling handling, maintenance func-
tions.
The detailed properties are described in section 8.7 AP: / unit-x
/ conf-z / part-a (on page 165)
For each of the managed objects, properties and commands, the GUI “Tree
Views” are given.
This reference section comprises the management functions:
• Overview,
• Main,
• Configuration,
• Fault Management,
• Performance Management, and
• Status.
Most of the APs only offer a part of the management functions listed above.
The order of appearance of the management function descriptions is in
accordance with the APs in the ECST AP tree and the availability of the
management functions of each AP.
In the tables of the sections below, the parameter default values for proper-
ties are underlined.

Please note:
For better legibility of numbers in this user guide, inverted commas are used
when the number’s size exceeds three digits (e.g. 40’000). In parameter
entry fields of the ECST, these inverted commas must not be entered.
Instead, the numbers are entered without these inverted commas (e.g.
40000).

Please note:
Screenshots presented in this reference are examples and show configura-
tions or data that may not correspond to the view you see when managing
your XMC20 equipment.

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8.2 Profiles

For a detailed description of the profile creation and download to the NE


please refer to [355] User Manual “ECST”.

Please note:
The profile templates are only available if the ESW of the TUDA1 unit has
been imported into the ECST.

8.2.1 QoS Mapping Profile

Table 34: QoS mapping profile


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Profile Templates Template QoSMappingPro- Select the QoS mapping profile template as a
file_1.00.00 base for the parameter editing.
Profile, Information Name 3 … 64 characters User editable name for the profile.
Valid characters are a-z, A-Z, 0-9 and _.
Description 0 … ∞ characters User editable description for the profile.
Valid characters are a-z, A-Z, 0-9 and _.

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Table 34: QoS mapping profile (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Profile, Data, Map- VLAN Tag Priority 0…7 Priority of a VLAN tagged packet or priority
ping Profile, 802.1q tagged MAC frame.
Mapping Priority Queue Q1 … Q4 Queue number for the ingress traffic.
Q1 is the lowest priority queue,
Q4 is the highest priority queue.
Profile, Data, Map- DSCP Priority 0 … 63 Priority of an IP packet given by the Differenti-
ping Profile, DSCP ated Services Codepoint (DSCP).
Mapping Priority Queue Q1 … Q4 Queue number for the ingress traffic.
Q1 is the lowest priority queue,
Q4 is the highest priority queue.

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8.3 AP: / unit-x: TUDA1

8.3.1 AP: / unit-x, Overview

For a description of the


− “Overview - Alarms”, and
− “Overview - Cross Connections”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.3.2 AP: / unit-x, Main

For a description of the


− “Main - General”,
− “Main - Equipment”,
− “Main - Inventory”,
− “Main - Logbooks”, and
− “Main - Software”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.3.3 AP: / unit-x, Configuration

8.3.3.1 AP: / unit-x, Configuration - Conferencing

“Create Conference” and “Delete Conference” dialogues:

Please note:
The maximum number of subrate conference participants is limited to 12.

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Table 35: AP: / unit-x, Configuration - Conferencing


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Create Conference Open the dialogue to create a confer-
… ence.
Create Conference Index 0 … 255 Select the conference index number.
0 is a reserved value used for the auto-
assignment of a conference index: The
auto-assigned index is the lowest availa-
ble index number.
In the ECST GUI the default value is the
autoassigned index number.
Maximum Number 4 Maximum number of participants that can
Of Participants be assigned to the data conference.
8
This maximum number is used for the
12 unit internal resource handling.
16 If the number of conference participants
has to be increased above the configured
maximum number the conference must
be deleted and newly created.
The maximum number of subrate confer-
ence participants is limited to 12.
Initial Number Of 0 … 3 …16 Number of participants initially assigned
Participants to the data conference. The initial number
of participants must be smaller or equal
than the maximum number of partici-
pants.
Note that the total number of participants
per TUDA1 unit is limited.
Please refer to section 5.3.1.1 nx64 kbit/s
conference resources (on page 53) for a
description of the available resources for
conferences.
Rate 0.6 … 64 …1984 kbit/s Data rate of the conference in kbit/s. All
participants of the conference are set up
with this data rate.
When using CAS the maximum data rate
is limited to 1920 kbit/s.
Note that the rate value influences the
conference resource handling.
Please refer to section 5.3.1.1 nx64 kbit/s
conference resources (on page 53) for a
description of the conference resource
handling on the TUDA1 unit.
Type MP2MP The conference type can be configured to
point-to-multipoint (P2MP) or multipoint-
P2MP
to-multipoint (MP2MP) in linear network
applications.
Please refer to section 5.5.5 Conference
Control Signal Handling (on page 77) and
section 5.4.2 Conference Data Handling
(on page 63) for a description of the data
and signalling transport in the point-to-
multipoint and multipoint-to-multipoint
applications.
Delete Conference Open the dialogue to delete a confer-
… ence.

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Table 35: AP: / unit-x, Configuration - Conferencing (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Delete Conference Conference All Delete all or a specific conference.
conf-1 … conf-n

8.3.3.2 AP: / unit-x, Configuration - EQP

“Create EQP Group” and “Delete EQP Group” dialogues:

Table 36: AP: / unit-x, Configuration - EQP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Create EQP Group Open the dialogue for the creation of an equip-
… ment protection (EQP) group.
A unit must be in the unassigned state to be
selectable as a protecting unit.
EQP Group Crea- Group Type 1:1 Type of the EQP group.
tion MO address of the working unit, e.g. /unit-4.
Working Unit /unit-x
In the ECST GUI the working unit MO address is
read-only.
Protecting Unit - List of the MO addresses of all HW compatible
units which are not assigned, e.g. /unit-20.
/unit-y
Default is no unit selected.
Delete EQP Group Open the dialogue for the deletion of an existing
equipment protection (EQP) group.
Traffic on the protecting unit will be interrupted
and services will be re-established on the work-
ing unit.
The protecting unit will become unassigned.

Please note:
With equipment protection of a TUDA1 unit it is only possible to protect the
conferences on the unit.
→ Equipment connected to user ports can not be protected.

8.3.4 AP: / unit-x, Fault Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the

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− “Fault Management - Status”, and


− “Fault Management - Configuration”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”. The following table lists the fault causes of the current AP.

Table 37: AP: / unit-x, Fault Management


ID Fault Cause Event Type Traffic Default Description
Affecting Severity
SWM Software Mismatch Equipment Minor The running ESW does not match the
Alarm assigned ESW.
SSWNA Scheduled Software Equipment Minor The ESW that is scheduled for installa-
Not Available Alarm tion is not available on the unit. Make
sure that the ESW is downloaded to the
unit.
SWIN Software Incompatible Equipment Major The running ESW is not compatible with
With Network Element Alarm the version required by the NE type or
version.
PRC PBUS Resource Con- Processing Major Unit has been plugged into a slot which
flict Error Alarm conflicts with another unit, e.g. when
using an outdated ESW on an ISDN-BA
linecard.
EQM Equipment Malfunction Equipment Critical The TUDA1 controller detects any anom-
Alarm alies on the unit, e.g. a voltage is miss-
ing, a chip does not respond, etc.
HWIC Hardware Incompatible Equipment Major The plugged HW is not compatible with
With Configuration Alarm the unit configuration HW stored in the
database. You may need to change the
HW or re-create the configuration for the
unit.
SWIC Software Incompatible Equipment Major The ESW running on the unit is not com-
With Configuration Alarm patible with the unit configuration stored
in the database. You may need to
upgrade, or downgrade the ESW, or re-
create the configuration with the cur-
rently running ESW.
GSW General Software Equipment Major An ESW internal error has been detected
Alarm Alarm that might inhibit the ESW from running
correctly.
MFA Maintenance Function Communica- Warning A maintenance function has been acti-
Active tion Alarm vated by the operator from the unit status
dialogue.
UNAV Unit Not Available Equipment Critical The unit that is configured is either not
Alarm plugged or not recognized due to a fail-
ure.
NSW No Application Soft- Equipment Major There is no application ESW installed on
ware Alarm the unit, or the application ESW has not
yet finished its boot process.
UNAS Unit Not Assigned Equipment Warning The unit is not assigned and cannot be
Alarm configured. To assign the unit, execute
the “Assign” command in the “Main”
function of the unit.
UIC Unit Incompatible Equipment Major The inserted unit is not compatible with
Alarm the assigned unit.

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Table 37: AP: / unit-x, Fault Management (continued)


ID Fault Cause Event Type Traffic Default Description
Affecting Severity
PWRSVE Battery Power Saving Equipment Critical Power saving is active on the unit, i.e. it
Alarm is kept in the “reset” state during battery
power backup.
EQPUNV EQP Unit Not Available Equipment Major The standby unit is not available, i.e. not
Alarm plugged in or has an equipment failure.
This alarm is available on the working
and the protecting unit of an EQP group.
EQPHWI EQP Hardware Incom- Equipment Major The actual hardware is not compatible
patible With Configura- Alarm with the hardware of the protecting unit.
tion This alarm is available on the working
unit of an EQP group only.
EQPSWI EQP Software Incom- Equipment Major The running software (ESW) is not com-
patible With Configura- Alarm patible with the software on the protect-
tion ing unit.
This alarm is available on the working
unit of an EQP group only.
EQPNPR EQP Group Not Pro- Equipment Major The working or the protecting unit is not
tected Alarm available, i.e. not plugged in or has an
equipment failure.
This alarm is available on the working
unit of an EQP group only.
EQPWUI EQP Working Unit Iso- Equipment Major The working unit has been isolated with
lated Alarm the “Isolate Unit” status command.
No protection is available in this state.
This alarm is available on the working
unit of an EQP group only.
EQPUNA EQP Working Unit Not Equipment Major An automatic protection switch or a
Active Alarm “manual switch” or a “forced switch” to
the protecting unit has been done.

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8.3.5 AP: / unit-x, Status

8.3.5.1 AP: / unit-x, Status - Conferences

Table 38: AP: / unit-x, Status - Conferences


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Number Of Availa- Number Of Availa- 0 … 53 Available number of 64 kbit/s conferences with
ble Conferences a ble 16 Participants 16 participants on the TUDA1 unit.
Conferences
Number Of Availa- 0 … 106 Available number of 64 kbit/s conferences with 8
ble 8 Participants participants on the TUDA1 unit.
Conferences
Number Of Availa- 0 … 212 Available number of 64 kbit/s conferences with 4
ble 4 Participants participants on the TUDA1 unit.
Conferences
Number Of Availa- 0…1 Available number of subrate conferences with 12
ble 12 Participants participants on the TUDA1 unit.
Subrate Confer-
ences
Number Of Availa- 0…1 Available number of subrate conferences with 8
ble 8 Participants participants on the TUDA1 unit.
Subrate Confer-
ences
Number Of Availa- 0…3 Available number of subrate conferences with 4
ble 4 Participants participants on the TUDA1 unit.
Subrate Confer-
ences

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Table 38: AP: / unit-x, Status - Conferences (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Available Partici- Max Participant 64 … 1984 Maximum participant rate available on the PBUS
pant Resources, Rate (kbit/s) resources.
Participant It is only possible to create conference partici-
Resource Table b pants with the maximum or a smaller rate.
Available 0 … 27 Available number of participants with the corre-
sponding maximum participant rate.
It is only possible to create conference partici-
pants with the maximum rate up to the available
number.
Note that when creating conferences with
smaller rates also the resources with higher
rates can be used.

a. The number of available conferences shows the number of available conferences with 16 OR 8 OR 4 participants. The
number of available subrate conferences shows the number of available conferences with 12 OR 8 OR 4 participants.
b. The participant resource table shows all available resources, it is NOT an OR operation.

Please note:
Refer to section 5.3.1.1 nx64 kbit/s conference resources (on page 53) and
to section 5.3.1.2 Subrate conference resources (on page 55) for a descrip-
tion of the conference resource handling on the TUDA1 unit.

Please note:
Refer to section 5.3.1.3 PBUS resources (on page 56) for a description of
the PBUS resource handling on the TUDA1 unit.

8.3.5.2 AP: / unit-x, Status - EQP

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Table 39: AP: / unit-x, Status - EQP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
EQP Group Manual Switch-Over Indication that the standby unit, i.e. the working
Allowed or the protecting unit is operational and can take
over the service.
Indication that the standby unit, i.e. the working
or the protecting unit is not operational due to a
failure or to isolation or that the database has not
been saved. A manual protection switching with
the “Manual Switch-Over” command is not possi-
ble.
EQP Group - Units Unit <MO address> MO address of the unit belonging to the EQP
Status group.
EQP Unit Mode Undefined Mode Mode of a unit in the EQP group.
Working Unit
Protecting Unit
Active The unit is active (operational).
The unit is standby (not operational).
Failure The unit has detected failure(s).

Substituted The working unit has been substituted by the


protecting unit.

Isolated The working unit has been isolated with the “Iso-
late Unit” command.

HW Compatible The working unit is hardware compatible with the


protecting unit in the EQP group.
Please refer to section 5.7.2.2 EQP prerequisites
(on page 90).
SW Compatible The working unit is embedded software compati-
ble with the protecting unit in the EQP group.
Please refer to section 5.7.2.2 EQP prerequisites
(on page 90).
DB Saved The configuration of the unit has been saved.

Manual Switch-Over Manual switch of the unit in the EQP group.


A switch over is performed only when the other
unit is error free and is not isolated and the data-
base has been saved.
Refer to the “Manual Switch-Over Allowed” prop-
erty above.
Note: The traffic will be interrupted for about
1 s. a
Forced Switch-Over Forced switch of the unit in the EQP group.
A switch over is performed independent of the
error state of the other unit, but the unit must not
be isolated.
Note: The traffic will be interrupted for about
1 s. a
Note: Traffic will remain interrupted if the active
unit is not operational.

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Table 39: AP: / unit-x, Status - EQP (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Isolate Unit Isolate the working unit from the EQP group.
An isolated working unit will not perform any pro-
tection switch action. The protection switching
state of the unit is frozen.
Join Unit Join the isolated working unit to the EQP group,
i.e. remove the isolation.

a. The 1 s interruption time is valid for configurations with up to 1 conference only. With 212 conferences the interruption
is up to 60 s.

Please note:
Automatic, manual and forced protection switching is available from the
working to the protecting unit and vice versa.
→ Please refer to section 5.7.2 Equipment Protection (EQP) (on
page 90).

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8.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, y = 1 … 4

8.4.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Overview

For a description of the


− “Overview - Alarms”,
− “Overview - Cross Connections”, and
− “Overview - CTP”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.4.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main

8.4.2.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main - General

For a description of the


− “Main - General”
management function, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.4.2.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main - Admin And Oper Status

Table 40: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main - Admin And Oper Status
Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Administrative Sta- State Up Set the IETF administrative status of the port
tus (RFC 2863).
Down
Operational Status State Up Display of the IETF operational status of the port
(RFC 2863).
Down
Testing
Unknown
Dormant
Not Present
Lower Layer Down

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8.4.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration

Please note that the fields for some of the configuration parameters are con-
text sensitive. Configuration parameters that are not available due to a
higher-ranking configuration parameter are indicated as “NA” (not available).
The steering parameters for the port configuration are
• Interface Type
• Interface Transmission Mode
• Interface Rate
• Synchronous B/F Signal Usage
• CAS Usage
The configuration strategy to be followed is from the uppermost tab (Gen-
eral) to the lowermost tab (CTP), and on the tabs from the top parameter
downwards.
After completing the parameter configuration of a tab press the “Apply” but-
ton to assign the applicable values to the lower-ranking parameters.

8.4.3.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - General

Table 41: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - General


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Interface Interface Type V.35 Select the interface type of the DCE port.
For valid combinations of the interface type
X.24-V.11
and other configuration parameters refer to
V.24-V.28 Table 21: "Function relationship" (on
RS485-2-wire page 39).

RS485-4-wire
Transmission Asynchronous Select the interface transmission mode.
Please refer to section 5.1.4 Transmission
Synchronous
Modes (on page 43) for a description of this
Oversampling parameter.
Rate 0.6 … 64 … 1984 kbit/s Select the interface rate in steps of 64 kbit/s.
The rate corresponds to the number of time
slots used, i.e. 1 … 31 time slots.
Rates below 64 kbit/s use the subrate fram-
ing according to V.110 or X.30.
Data Signal Inver- Invert the logical state of the transmit and
sion receive data signal.

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Please note:
The V.24-V.28 interface type in Synchronous transmission mode only sup-
ports interface rates up to 128 kbit/s.

Please note:
The RS485 interface types only support the Oversampling transmission
mode.

Please note:
The Oversampling transmission mode is only available for interface rates at
64 kbit/s and above.

Please note:
The Asynchronous transmission mode is only available for subrates up to
38.4 kbit/s.

8.4.3.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Signal Structure

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Table 42: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Signal Structure


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Signal Structure Synchronous, Tim- Contradirectional-Fix Use the contradirectional interface timing
ing with fixed phase alignment.
Only available with the Synchronous trans-
mission mode.
Please refer to section 5.6.2 Port Timing Sig-
nals (on page 84).
Contradirectional-Adaptive Use the contradirectional interface timing
with adaptive phase alignment.
Only available with the Synchronous trans-
mission mode and with interface rates at
64 kbit/s and above.
Codirectional Use the codirectional interface timing.
Only available with the Synchronous trans-
mission mode and with interface rates at
64 kbit/s and above.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the transmission mode is Oversam-
pling or Asynchronous.
Synchronous, B/F None Use no byte (B) or frame (F) timing signal.
Only available with the X.24-V.11 interface
type and the Synchronous transmission
mode.
Please refer to section 5.6.2 Port Timing Sig-
nals (on page 84).
Byte-Timing Use the byte (B) timing signal.
Only available with the X.24-V.11 interface
type and the Synchronous transmission
mode and interface rates up to 256 kbit/s.
Frame-Timing Use the frame (F) timing signal.
Only available with the X.24-V.11 interface
type and the Synchronous transmission
mode and interface rates between 64 and
256 kbit/s.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value
- if the interface type is not X.24-V.11 or
- if the transmission mode is not Synchro-
nous or
- if the interface rate is above 256 kbit/s or
- if the interface rate is 1.2 kbit/s.
Asynchronous, Data 7 Use 7 or 8 data bits in the start-stop charac-
Bits ter.
8
Please refer to section 5.1.4.1 Asynchro-
nous transmission mode (on page 43).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the transmission mode is not Asyn-
chronous

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Table 42: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Signal Structure (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Asynchronous, Stop 1 Use 1 or 2 stop bits in the start-stop charac-
Bits ter.
2
Please refer to section 5.1.4.1 Asynchro-
nous transmission mode (on page 43).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the transmission mode is not Asyn-
chronous
Asynchronous, Par- No Use or don’t use a parity bit in the start-stop
ity Bit character.
Yes
Note that the parity bit is not evaluated in
TUDA1, it is transported transparently.
Please refer to section 5.1.4.1 Asynchro-
nous transmission mode (on page 43).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the transmission mode is not Asyn-
chronous
Asynchronous, Sig- Basic Use the basic or extended rate adaptation
nalling Rate Range range for the start-stop characters.
Extended
Please refer to section 5.1.4.1 Asynchro-
nous transmission mode (on page 43).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the transmission mode is not Asyn-
chronous
104 Control (RS485 RTS-Control The CAS bit a, set by the control signal RTS
2-wire), Control (C/105) at the remote end, controls the trans-
Mode mitter circuit at the RS485 interface.
The CAS usage limits the maximum interface
rate to 1920 kbit/s.
Refer to section 5.1.2.1 RTS controlled mode
(on page 40).
Data-Control The activity of the receive data signal con-
trols the transmitter circuit at the RS485 inter-
face.
Refer to section 5.1.2.2 Data controlled mode
(on page 41).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is not RS485 2-
wire.
104 Control (RS485 20 … 1500 samples Time to keep the transmitter circuit active
2-wire), Hold Active after the last 0 to 1 transition.
Time

Please note:
The B/F signal output is only available with the Contradirectional timing
modes.

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8.4.3.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Control Signals

Table 43: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Control Signals


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Control Signals, 105 (RTS, C) ON Set the local control signal C/105 to 0.
From DTE Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
OFF Set the local control signal C/105 to 1.
From-DTE Set the local control signal C/105 according
to the control signal state received from the
DTE.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is RS485.
108 (DTR) ON Set the local control signal 108 to 0.
Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
OFF Set the local control signal 108 to 1.
From-DTE Set the local control signal 108 according to
the control signal state received from the
DTE.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is X.24-V.11 or
RS485.

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Table 43: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Control Signals (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Signalling To Net- No Set the CAS a and b bits or the subrate
work frame S bit (X.30) or SA and SB bits (V.110)
to 1 (OFF).
Please refer to section 5.5.4 Port Control Sig-
nal Handling (on page 73).
Yes Set the CAS a and b bits or the subrate
frame S bit (X.30) or SA and SB bits (V.110)
according to the C/105 and 108 control signal
state.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value
- if the interface type is RS485 or
- if the interface rate is 1984 kbit/s (no CAS
available) or
- if the interface rate is 56 kbit/s without sig-
nalling.
V/X Compatibility No Set the subrate frame SA and SB bits
Mode (V.110) according to the C/105 and 108 con-
trol signal state.
Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
Yes Set both the subrate frame SA and SB bits
(V.110) according to the C/105 control signal
state.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value
- if the interface type is X.24-V.11 or RS485
or
- if the interface rate is 64 kbit/s or above or
- if the interface rate is 56 kbit/s without sig-
nalling.
Control Signals, To 106 (CTS) ON Set the control signal 106 to ON.
DTE Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
OFF Set the control signal 106 to OFF.
Local-105 Set the control signal 106 according to the
local control signal state C/105.
The activation and deactivation of the control
signal 106 can be without delay or with a
configurable delay. Refer to the “105 (RTS,
C) -> 106 (CTS) / 109 (DCD, I)” parameter
below.
Remote-LFA Set the control signal 106 according to the
received” remote loss of frame alignment”
indication, transported in the X bit of the
V.110 subrate frame.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is X.24-V.11 or
RS485.

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Table 43: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Control Signals (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
107 (DSR) ON Set the control signal 107 to ON.
Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
OFF Set the control signal 107 to OFF.
Local-108 Set the control signal 107 according to the
local control signal state 108.
Remote-108 Set the control signal 107 according to the
received CAS b bit or the subrate frame SA
bit (V.110).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is X.24-V.11 or
RS485.
109 (DCD/I) ON Set the control signal I/109 to ON.
Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
OFF Set the control signal I/109 to OFF.
Local-105 Set the control signal I/109 according to the
local control signal state C/105.
The activation and deactivation of the control
signal I/109 can be without delay or with a
configurable delay. Refer to the “105 (RTS,
C) -> 106 (CTS) / 109 (DCD, I)” parameter
below.
Remote-105 Set the control signal I/109 according to the
received CAS a bit or the subrate frame S bit
(X.30) or SB bit (V.110).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is RS485.
142 (Loopback Indi- ON Set the control signal 142 to ON.
cation) Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
Handling (on page 67).
OFF Set the control signal 142 to OFF.
From-DCE Set the control signal 142 according to the
local loop state, i.e.
- Back-To-Back-2b or
- Front-To-Front-3b or
- Front-To-Front-3c.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is X.24-V.11 or
RS485.
Control Signals, 105 (RTS, C) -> 106 0 ms Propagation delay between the local control
Delay Local Control (CTS) / 109 (DCD, signal C/105 and the control signals 106 and
10 ms
Signals I) I/109, if they are configured to “Local-105”.
20 ms Please refer to section 5.5 Control Signal
40 ms Handling (on page 67).

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8.4.3.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Error Handling

Table 44: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Error Handling


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Error Handling, Consequent Action 0 Replace the receive data signal R/104 by a 0
Receive Failure 104 (RXD, R) or a 1 in case of a downstream failure
1
(server-layer) or with a local subrate loss of
frame alignment.
Consequent Action OFF Set the byte-timing or frame-timing signal to
B/F OFF in case of a downstream failure (server-
layer) or with a local subrate loss of frame
alignment.
Active Keep the byte-timing or frame-timing signal
active also in case of a downstream failure.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is not X.24-V.11 or
the B/F parameter is not configured to byte-
timing or to frame-timing.
Error Handling, Level Detection 103 False Supervise the electrical signal levels on the
Transmit Failure (TXD, T) transmit data signal T/103.
True
Please refer to section 5.4.1 Port Data Han-
dling (on page 62).
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is RS485 2-wire.

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Table 44: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Error Handling (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Consequent Action None Apply no consequent action in case of a
103 (TXD, T) detected failure on the transmit data signal T/
103 or transmit clock signal X/113.
0 In case of a detected failure on the transmit
data signal T/103 or transmit clock signal X/
1
113 set the local transmit data signal to 0 or 1
and set the local control signals C/105 and
108 to OFF.
The consequent action on the control signals
affects only the control signal transport via
the CAS or the subrate frame S bit (X.30) or
SA and SB bits (V.110).
Note that the “Level Detection 103 (TXD, T)”
must be set to “True”.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is RS485 2-wire.
Error Handling, DTE Max Send Supervise the maximum send time on the
Transmit Send Time Time Filter transmit data signal T/103, i.e. check for
Filter 103 (TXD, T) activity on the data signal.
Please refer to section 7.4 DTE send and idle
Time Restrictions (on page 111)
DTE Max Send 1 … 10 … 255 s Maximum allowed number of consecutive
Time seconds with observed activity on the trans-
mit data signal T/103.
DTE Min Idle Time Supervise the minimum idle time on the
Filter transmit data signal T/103, i.e. check for
inactive periods on the data signal.
Please refer to section 7.4 DTE send and idle
Time Restrictions (on page 111)
DTE Min Idle Time 1 … 10 … 255 s Minimum required number of consecutive
seconds with no activity during the observa-
tion period on the transmit data signal T/103.
DTE Idle Time Win- 2 … 20 … 65’535 s Observation period for the minimum idle
dow time.
Note that the “DTE Idle Time Window” must
be higher than “DTE Min Idle Time”.

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Table 44: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Error Handling (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Consequent Action None Apply no consequent action in case of a
On Port detected send or idle time failure on the
transmit data signal T/103.
Persistent In case of a detected send or idle time failure
on the transmit data signal T/103
Auto-Reset
- set the local transmit data signal T/103 to 1,
- set the local control signals C/105 and 108
to OFF,
With “Persistent” the consequent action must
be removed manually in the port status main-
tenance dialogue. Refer to section 8.4.6.2
AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - Maintenance (on
page 149).
With “Auto-Reset” the consequent action is
automatically reset 30 s after the clearing of
the failure.
Note that the “DTE Max Send Time Filter” or
the “DTE Min Idle Time Filter” must be set to
“true” to be able to configure “Persistent” or
“Auto-Reset”.

Please note:
The consequent action in case of a detected send or idle time failure over-
rides the consequent action in case of a detected signal level failure.

8.4.3.5 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Test Loops

Table 45: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Test Loops


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Test Loops, Loop Activation By EM All loops can be activated by the element
Activation manager (EM).
The loop activation by the control signal 141
is blocked.
DTE The front-to-front loop 3c can be activated by
the control signal 141.
The loop activation of all loops by the ele-
ment manager (EM) is blocked.

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Table 45: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - Test Loops (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Test Loops, Signal 103 (TXD, T) 1 Replace the transmit data signal T/103 by a
States When Loop 0, a 1 or a 01 signal in case of an active loop
0
Active, Loop 3b, 3c 3b or loop 3c.
01
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is RS485 2-wire.
Test Loops, Signal 104 (RXD, R) 1 Replace the receive data signal R/104 by a
States When Loop 0, a 1 or a 01 signal in case of an active loop
0
Active, Loop 2b 2b.
01
B/F OFF Set the byte-timing or frame-timing signal to
OFF in case of an active loop 2b.
Active Keep the byte-timing or frame-timing signal
active also in case of an active loop 2b.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the interface type is not X.24-V.11 or
the B/F parameter is not configured to byte-
timing or to frame-timing.

8.4.3.6 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - CTP

Please note:
All layer rate, number of time slots and time slot allocation parameters are
read only.
→ To change a parameter the port has to be deleted and newly created
with the modified parameters.

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Table 46: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - CTP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
CTP Configuration Layer Rate P0_nc Layer rate of the connection termination point is
P0_nc, i.e. n x 64 kbit/s.
The layer rate property of a TUDA1 port is fixed
to P0_nc.
n 0 … 2 characters Number of timeslots in case of P0_nc. The pos-
sible range is from 1 to 32.
The number of time slots of a TUDA1 port is
fixed in the range 1 to 31.
Timeslot(s) 0 … 64 characters Used timeslots in a structured P12 in case of
P0_nc, e.g. 1 … 31.
The timeslot(s) property of a TUDA1 port is
empty.
Connected to CTPs Remote CTP <MO address> Address string of a connections remote end.
Without a connection the parameter is empty
Connection Index 0 … 65’535 Index of a connection assigned to the port. With-
out a connection the parameter is empty
Directionality Bidirectional Directionality of the connection.
Unidirectional
Local Role z-End The port is the ending point of a connection.
Please refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Ser-
vices and Cross Connections in XMC20”
a-End Working The port is the working starting point of a pro-
tected or unprotected connection.
a-End Protecting The port is the protecting starting point of a pro-
tected connection.
Remote Role z-End The CTP at the connections remote end is the
ending point of a connection.
Please refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Ser-
vices and Cross Connections in XMC20”
a-End Working The CTP at the connections remote end is the
working starting point of a protected or unpro-
tected connection.
a-End Protecting The CTP at the connections remote end is the
protecting starting point of a protected connec-
tion.
z-End Configuration Revertive Protection Enable revertive protection switching.
Switching The z-End will preferably select the working a-
End.
Non-revertive protection switching is only availa-
ble for ports with the number of timeslots n=1.
Non-revertive protection switching for n>1 will be
available in a future release,
CAS AIS Supervi- Use CAS AIS as protection switching criterion.
sion The CAS AIS supervision can be disabled in the
shared protection ring application, where the
closed protection ring can have an AIS in the
CAS, to prevent an alarm during normal opera-
tion.
Switch-Over Log- Enable the logging of the protection switch-over
ging events.

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Please note:
The z-End of a protected connection shows two entries in the “Connected to
CTPs” table, one for the working and one for the protecting path.

8.4.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Fault Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the


− “Fault Management - Status”, and
− “Fault Management - Configuration”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”. The following table lists the fault causes of the current AP.

Table 47: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Fault Management


ID Fault Cause Event Type Traffic Default Description
Affecting Severity
LOS Loss Of Signal Communica- Major Loss of the incoming transmit data sig-
tion Alarm nal.
Only available if the transmit data signal
level detection is enabled in the port con-
figuration dialogue.
LOC Loss Of Clock Communica- Major Loss of the incoming transmit clock sig-
tion Alarm nal, evaluated from the physical interface
state and from octet slips.
DTESL DTE Send Time Limit Communica- Major The connected DTE send time period is
Exceeded tion Alarm longer than allowed.
Only available if the send time limit
supervision is enabled in the port config-
uration dialogue.
If the consequent action is set to “Persis-
tent” the consequent action must be
removed manually in the port status
maintenance dialogue.
DTEIL DTE Idle Time Below Communica- Major The connected DTE idle time period is
Limit tion Alarm shorter than allowed during the observa-
tion period.
Only available if the idle time limit super-
vision is enabled in the port configuration
dialogue.
If the consequent action is set to “Persis-
tent” the consequent action must be
removed manually in the port status
maintenance dialogue.
LOF Loss Of Frame Communica- Major Loss of the V.110 or X.30 frame align-
tion Alarm ment.
RLOF Remote Loss Of Frame Communica- Minor Loss of the V.110 or X.30 frame align-
tion Alarm ment at the remote equipment. The
alarm indication is transported in the X
bit of the V.110 or X.30 frame.

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Table 47: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Fault Management (continued)


ID Fault Cause Event Type Traffic Default Description
Affecting Severity
NDPF Near End Degraded Quality Of Warning SES ≥ 22 over a 24 hour interval at the
Performance Service Alarm near end.
The alarm status is reset after a 24 hour
interval with SES = 0.
SES is a second with an active LOS or
LOC fault cause.
The alarm can be cleared by resetting
the corresponding PM alarm counter.
NUPF Near End Unacceptable Quality Of Warning SES ≥ 15 over a 15 min. interval at the
Performance Service Alarm near end.
The alarm status is reset after a 15 min.
interval with SES = 0.
SES is a second with an active LOS or
LOC fault cause.
The alarm can be cleared by resetting
the corresponding PM alarm counter.
MFA Maintenance Function Communica- Warning A maintenance function has been acti-
Active tion Alarm vated by the operator from the port sta-
tus dialogue.
TSF Trail Signal Failure Communica- Major Trail signal fail (TSF) from the P12 trans-
tion Alarm port unit is active, or
CAS AIS active (only available if CAS is
enabled), or
LOF is active.
In a protected connection the working
AND the protecting path have failed.
RTSF Redundant Trail Signal Communica- Minor Trail signal fail (TSF) from the P12 trans-
Failure tion Alarm port unit is active, or
CAS AIS active (only available if CAS is
enabled), or
LOF is active.
In a protected connection the working
OR the protecting path has failed.
In an unprotected connection this fault
cause is not applicable.

Please note:
The monitoring of the TSF and RTSF alarms is disabled by default.

Risk of operating trouble!


With the V.24-V.28 interface type and synchronous transmission mode,
there can be crosstalk on the connected cable from the clock to the transmit
data signal.
→ The “Loss Of Signal” alarm is possibly not detected.

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Risk of operating trouble!


The user data rates 600, 1’200, 2’400 and 4’800 bit/s use all the same V.110
or X.30 subrate frame format.
→ A mismatch of the user data rates configured for two connected user
ports or conference participants cannot be detected. The “Loss Of
Frame” alarm is not activated.

8.4.5 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the performance management


(PM) functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/XMC22”.
The PM parameters are presented in different groups. The following counter
groups are available for the TUDA1 ports:
• “Protection” group, see section 8.4.5.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance
Management - Protection (on page 144),
• “G.826” group, see section 8.4.5.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Man-
agement - G.826 (on page 144),
• “Unfiltered Events” group, see section 8.4.5.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Perfor-
mance Management - Unfiltered Events (on page 145),
The following counter intervals are available, depending of the counter
group:

Table 48: PM counter interval availability


Counter interval Protection G.826 Unfiltered Events
User Counter yes yes yes
History 15min yes yes yes
History 24h yes yes yes
Alarm 15min no yes no
Alarm 24h no yes no

8.4.5.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management - Protection

Table 49: PM group: Protection


PM parameter Description
Switch-Over The protection switch-over count gives information
about the number and distribution of protection
switching events.

8.4.5.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management - G.826

Table 50: PM group: G.826


PM parameter Description
Near End SES Near end count of Severely Errored Seconds.
A second with a defect signal (LOS or LOC) and not
part of unavailable time (UAT).

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Table 50: PM group: G.826 (continued)


PM parameter Description
Near End UAT Near end count of Unavailable Time.
Unavailable time starts with 10 consecutive SES
(included in UAT) and ends with 10 consecutive
error free seconds (not included in UAT).

8.4.5.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management - Unfiltered Events

Table 51: PM group: Unfiltered Events


PM parameter Description
Positive Slips Count of the positive octet slips between the incom-
ing X/113 timing and the local S/114 timing.
The DTE source clock is higher than the DCE
source clock.
Negative Slips Count of the negative octet slips between the incom-
ing X/113 timing and the local S/114 timing.
The DTE source clock is lower than the DCE source
clock.

Please note:
The octet slip count is limited to 150 slips per second. If the timing deviation
of the transmit data signal is more than 1200 bit/s, i.e. more than 600 ppm,
150 octet slips are counted per second.

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8.4.6 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status

8.4.6.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - General

Table 52: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - General


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
From DTE 103 (TXD, T) 1 Signal state of the transmit data signal T/103.
Note that the state at the interface circuit is dis-
0
played. The data signal inversion configuration
does not influence the status indication.
Activity On 103 Yes Observed activity on the transmit data signal T/
(TXD, T) 103 since the last status refresh.
No

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Table 52: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - General (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
105 (RTS,C) On Signal state of the control signal C/105.
Off
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
type is RS485.
108 (DTR) On Signal state of the control signal 108.
Off
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the interface
type is X.24-V.11 or RS485.
141 (LL) On Signal state of the control signal 141 (loop com-
mand).
Off
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the interface
type is X.24-V.11 or RS485.
To Network CAS 0000 … 1111 CAS abcd pattern sent towards the network.
With a P0-nc data signal the CAS abcd pattern is
sent with every time slot.
The a bit can be controlled by the control signal
C/105.
The b bit can be controlled by the control signal
108.
Note: With a P0-nc data signal with n=31
(1984 kbit/s) it is not possible to transport this
CAS abcd pattern in a P12 transport signal.
S 0 Signal state of the sent subrate frame S bit
(X.30).
1
The S bit can be controlled by the control signal
C.
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates,
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling or
when the interface type is not X.24-V.11.
SA 0 Signal state of the sent subrate frame SA bit
(V.110).
1
The SA bit can be controlled by the control signal
108.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates,
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling or
when the interface type is X.24-V.11.
SB 0 Signal state of the sent subrate frame SB bit
(V.110).
1
The SB bit can be controlled by the control signal
105.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates,
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling or
when the interface type is X.24-V.11.

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Table 52: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - General (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
X 0 Signal state of the sent subrate frame X bit (X.30
or V.110).
1
The X bit is controlled by the state of the subrate
frame alignment.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling.
From Network CAS 0000 … 1111 CAS abcd pattern received from the network.
With a P0-nc data signal the CAS abcd pattern
of the lowest numbered time slot is displayed.
The a bit can control the control signal I/109.
The b bit can control the control signal 107.
S 0 Signal state of the received subrate frame S bit
(X.30).
1
The S bit can control the control signal I.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates,
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling or
when the interface type is V.24-V.28 or V.35.
SA 0 Signal state of the received subrate frame SA bit
(V.110).
1
The SA bit can control the control signal 107.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates,
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling or
when the interface type is X.24-V.11.
SB 0 Signal state of the received subrate frame SB bit
(V.110).
1
The SB bit can control the control signal 109.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates,
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling or
when the interface type is X.24-V.11.
X 0 Signal state of the received subrate frame X bit
(X.30 or V.110).
1
The X bit can control the control signal 106.
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
rate is at 64 kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates
or with the subrate 56 kbit/s without signalling.
To DTE 104 (RXD, R) 1 Signal state of the receive data signal R/104.
Note that the state before the interface circuit is
0
displayed.
Activity On 104 Yes Observed activity on the receive data signal R/
(RXD, R) 104 since the last status refresh.
No
106 (CTS) On Signal state of the control signal 106.
Off
NA NA (not available) is the displayed if the interface
type is X.24-V.11 or RS485.

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Table 52: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - General (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
107 (DSR) On Signal state of the control signal 107.
Off
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the interface
type is X.24-V.11 or RS485.
109 (DCD/I) On Signal state of the control signal 109.
Off
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the interface
type is RS485.
142 (TM) On Signal state of the control signal 142 (loop indi-
cation).
Off
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the interface
type is X.24-V.11 or RS485.

8.4.6.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - Maintenance

Table 53: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - Maintenance


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Line Status State In-Service Restore the normal operating state of the
front port.
Test-Pattern-Insertion Insert a test pattern “01” towards the front
port.
Note that in the oversampling transmission
mode the test pattern is generated with the
sampling rate.
For more information refer to section 7.3
DCE Interface Line State Maintenance (on
page 109).
Out-Of-Service Simulate a failed TUDA1 unit.
For more information refer to section 7.3
DCE Interface Line State Maintenance (on
page 109).

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Table 53: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - Maintenance (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Loop Status State None Deactivate any loop.
Back-To-Back-2b Activate the back-to-back loop 2b.
For more information refer to section 7.2
Loops (on page 106).
Front-To-Front-3b Activate the front-to-front loop 3b.
For more information refer to section 7.2
Loops (on page 106).
This loop is not available for the interface
type RS485 2-wire.
Front-To-Front-3c Activate the front-to-front loop 3c.
For more information refer to section 7.2
Loops (on page 106).
This loop is not available for the interface
type RS485 2-wire.
Reset Send Time Reset the consequent action from a violation
Filter Consequent of the transmit signal send time or idle time
Action filter condition.
The consequent action can be reset if the
consequent action mode is set to “Persistent”
or to “Auto-Reset”.

Risk of operating trouble!


When resetting the send time filter consequent action while the input signal
still violates the filter conditions, traffic can be disturbed.

Please note:
The front-to-front loop 3b with subrates is transparent.

8.4.6.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - CTP

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Table 54: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - CTP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Trail Status Working Trail, <MO Address> Managed object address of the CTP (connec-
Remote CTP tion termination point) where the P0-nc signal is
connected to, e.g. /unit-21/port-1/chan-1.
Working Trail, Sta- OK No failure on the received signal.
tus Signal Fail status on the received signal.
SF
CAS AIS CAS AIS status in the received signal, i.e. a
“1111” signal in the signalling pattern of the first
used time slot.
SD Signal Degraded status on the received signal.
Not Available The status of the received signal is not available,
e.g. when the CTPs role is a-end in a unidirec-
tional connection.
Protecting Trail, <MO Address> Managed object address of the CTP (connec-
Remote CTP tion termination point) where the P0-nc signal is
connected to, e.g. /unit-21/port-2/chan-1.
Protecting Trail, OK No failure on the received signal.
Status Signal Fail status on the received signal.
SF
CAS AIS CAS AIS status in the received signal, i.e. a
“1111” signal in the signalling pattern of the first
used time slot.
SD Signal Degraded status on the received signal.
Not Available The status of the received signal is not available,
e.g. when the CTPs role is a-end in a unidirec-
tional connection.
Active Trail Working The trail from the a-end working remote CTP has
been selected.
Protecting The trail from the a-end protecting remote CTP
has been selected.
Not Available There is no active trail.
External Request Request Release Automatic trail selection.
Force Working Force the selector to use the trail from the a-end
working remote CTP.
Force Protecting Force the selector to use the trail from the a-end
protecting remote CTP.
Manual Working Prefer the trail from the a-end working remote
CTP. Use this trail only if the fault status is not
worse than the fault status of the protecting trail.
Manual Protecting Prefer the trail from the a-end protecting remote
CTP. Use this trail only if the fault status is not
worse than the fault status of the working trail.

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8.5 AP: / unit-x / port-y, y = 5

8.5.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Overview

For a description of the


− “Overview - Alarms”,
− “Overview - Cross Connections”, and
− “Overview - CTP”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.5.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main

8.5.2.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main - General

For a description of the


− “Main - General”
management function, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.5.2.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main - Admin And Oper Status

Table 55: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Main - Admin And Oper Status
Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Administrative Sta- State Up Set the IETF administrative status of the port
tus (RFC 2863).
Down
Operational Status State Up Display of the IETF operational status of the port
(RFC 2863).
Down
Testing
Unknown
Dormant
Not Present
Lower Layer Down

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8.5.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration

8.5.3.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - QoS

Table 56: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - QoS


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
QoS, Mapping Pro- Name <List of downloaded QoS map- Select the appropriate profile from the drop
file ping profiles> down list.
Preview This command opens a window displaying
the parameters of the actually selected pro-
file. The contents are identical to those
described in section 8.2 Profiles (on
page 118).
Default Priority 0…7 Default 802.1p priority for untagged packets
Priority Source IP Check the DSCP field of the IP header to
determine the priority of the packet.
MAC Check the 802.1p priority bits of the MAC
header to determine the priority of the
packet.
IP Then MAC Check the DSCP field if it exists, otherwise
check the 802.1p priority bits to determine
the priority of the packet.
MAC Then IP Check the 802.1p priority bits if they exist,
otherwise check the DSCP field to determine
the priority of the packet.

8.5.3.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - PHY

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Table 57: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - PHY


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
PHY Mode PHY Mode Autonegotiation Select the LAN mode of the Ethernet inter-
face.
10 Mbit/s Full Duplex
10 Mbit/s Half Duplex
100 Mbit/s Full Duplex
100 Mbit/s Half Duplex

Risk of operating trouble!


The LAN mode of the host connected to the TUDA1 Ethernet port must be
configured to the same PHY mode as the TUDA1 Ethernet port, e.g. both
ports configured to “auto-negotiation” or both ports configured to “100 Mbit/s
full duplex”.
→ Mixed configurations result in a non operational state of the Ethernet
interface.

8.5.3.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - TDM

Table 58: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - TDM


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
TDM Rate 64 … 1984 kbit/s Select the transport rate of the TDM WAN
interface.
Values can be selected in steps of 64 kbit/s.

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8.5.3.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - CTP

Please note:
All layer rate, number of time slots and time slot allocation parameters are
read only.
→ To change a parameter the port has to be deleted and newly created
with the modified parameters.

Table 59: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - CTP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
CTP Configuration Layer Rate P0_nc Layer rate of the connection termination point is
P0_nc, i.e. n x 64 kbit/s.
The layer rate property of a TUDA1 Ethernet port
is fixed to P0_nc.
n 0 … 2 characters Number of timeslots in case of P0_nc. The pos-
sible range is from 1 to 32.
The number of time slots of a TUDA1 Ethernet
port is fixed in the range 1 to 31.
Timeslot(s) 0 … 64 characters Used timeslots in a structured P12 in case of
P0_nc, e.g. 1 … 31.
The timeslot(s) property of a TUDA1 port is
empty.
Connected to CTPs Remote CTP <MO address> Address string of a connections remote end.
Without a connection the parameter is empty
Connection Index 0 … 65’535 Index of a connection assigned to the port. With-
out a connection the parameter is empty
Directionality Bidirectional Directionality of the connection.
Unidirectional

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Table 59: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Configuration - CTP (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Local Role z-End The port is the ending point of a connection.
Please refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Services
and Cross Connections in XMC20”
a-End Working The port is the working starting point of a pro-
tected or unprotected connection.
a-End Protecting The port is the protecting starting point of a pro-
tected connection.
Remote Role z-End The CTP at the connections remote end is the
ending point of a connection.
Please refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Services
and Cross Connections in XMC20”
a-End Working The CTP at the connections remote end is the
working starting point of a protected or unpro-
tected connection.
a-End Protecting The CTP at the connections remote end is the
protecting starting point of a protected connec-
tion.
z-End Configuration Revertive Protection Enable revertive protection switching.
Switching The z-End will preferably select the working a-
End.
Non-revertive protection switching is only availa-
ble for ports with the number of timeslots n=1.
Non-revertive protection switching for n>1 will be
available in a future release,
CAS AIS Supervi- Use CAS AIS as protection switching criterion.
sion The CAS AIS supervision can be disabled in the
shared protection ring application, where the
closed protection ring can have an AIS in the
CAS, to prevent an alarm during normal opera-
tion.
Switch-Over Log- Enable the logging of the protection switch-over
ging events.

Please note:
The z-End of a protected connection shows two entries in the “Connected to
CTPs” table, one for the working and one for the protecting path.

8.5.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Fault Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the


− “Fault Management - Status”, and
− “Fault Management - Configuration”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”. The following table lists the fault causes of the current AP.

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Table 60: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Fault Management


ID Fault Cause Event Type Traffic Default Description
Affecting Severity
LOSETH Ethernet Link Down Communica- Major Loss of the incoming Ethernet signal.
tion Alarm
LOSTDM TDM Link Down Communica- Major Loss of the incoming TDM data signal.
tion Alarm The alarm is activated if no activity is
detected in the TDM signal.
Note: The alarm is also activated if the
remote station sends no HDLC-flags in
the idle state. In this case disable the
alarm monitoring.
TSF Trail Signal Failure Communica- Major Trail signal fail (TSF) from the P12 trans-
tion Alarm port unit is active, or
CAS AIS active (only available if CAS
AIS supervision is enabled).
In a protected connection the working
AND the protecting path have failed.
RTSF Redundant Trail Signal Communica- Minor Trail signal fail (TSF) from the P12 trans-
Failure tion Alarm port unit is active, or
CAS AIS active (only available if CAS
AIS supervision is enabled).
In a protected connection the working
OR the protecting path has failed.
In an unprotected connection this fault
cause is not applicable.

Please note:
The monitoring of the TSF and RTSF alarms is disabled by default.

8.5.5 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the performance management


(PM) functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/XMC22”.
The PM parameters are presented in different groups. The following counter
groups are available for the TUDA1 Ethernet port:
• “Protection” group, see section 8.5.5.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance
Management - Protection (on page 158),
• “MIB-2 Ethernet Interface” group, see section 8.5.5.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y,
Performance Management - MIB-2 Ethernet Interface (on page 158).
• “MIB-2 TDM Interface” group, see section 8.5.5.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y,
Performance Management - MIB-2 TDM Interface (on page 159).
The following counter intervals are available, depending of the counter
group:

Table 61: PM counter interval availability


Counter interval Protection MIB-2 Ethernet MIB-2 TDM Inter-
Interface face
User Counter yes yes yes
History 15min yes yes yes
History 24h yes yes yes

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Table 61: PM counter interval availability (continued)


Counter interval Protection MIB-2 Ethernet MIB-2 TDM Inter-
Interface face
Alarm 15min no no no
Alarm 24h no no no

8.5.5.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management - Protection

Table 62: PM group: Protection


PM parameter Description
Switch-Over The protection switch-over count gives information
about the number and distribution of protection
switching events.

8.5.5.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management - MIB-2 Ethernet Interface

Table 63: PM group: MIB-2 Ethernet Interface


PM parameter Description
In Octets The total number of octets received on the interface,
including framing characters
In Unicast Packets The number of unicast packets, i.e. packets with a
single address delivered to a higher-layer protocol.
In Non-unicast Packets The number of multicast or broadcast packets deliv-
ered to a higher-layer protocol.
In Discards The number of inbound packets which were chosen
to be discarded even though no errors had been
detected to prevent their being deliverable to a
higher-layer protocol. One possible reason for dis-
carding such a packet could be to free up buffer
space.
In Errors The number of inbound packets that contained
errors preventing them from being deliverable to a
higher-layer protocol.
Out Octets The total number of octets transmitted out of the
interface, including framing characters.
Out Unicast Packets The total number of unicast packets that higher-level
protocols requested to be transmitted, including
those that were discarded or not sent.
Out Non-unicast Packets The total number of multicast or broadcast packets
that higher-level protocols requested to be transmit-
ted, including those that were discarded or not sent.
Out Discards The number of outbound packets which were cho-
sen to be discarded even though no errors had been
detected to prevent their being transmitted. One
possible reason for discarding such a packet could
be to free up buffer space.
Out Errors The number of outbound packets that could not be
transmitted because of errors.

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8.5.5.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Performance Management - MIB-2 TDM Interface

Table 64: PM group: MIB-2 TDM Interface


PM parameter Description
In Octets The total number of octets received on the interface,
including framing characters
In Unicast Packets The number of unicast packets, i.e. packets with a
single address delivered to a higher-layer protocol.
In Non-unicast Packets The number of multicast or broadcast packets deliv-
ered to a higher-layer protocol.
In Discards The number of inbound packets which were chosen
to be discarded even though no errors had been
detected to prevent their being deliverable to a
higher-layer protocol. One possible reason for dis-
carding such a packet could be to free up buffer
space.
In Errors The number of inbound packets that contained
errors preventing them from being deliverable to a
higher-layer protocol.
Out Octets The total number of octets transmitted out of the
interface, including framing characters.
Out Discards The number of outbound packets which were cho-
sen to be discarded even though no errors had been
detected to prevent their being transmitted. One
possible reason for discarding such a packet could
be to free up buffer space.
Out Errors The number of outbound packets that could not be
transmitted because of errors.

8.5.6 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status

8.5.6.1 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - PHY

Table 65: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - PHY


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
PHY State Speed Link Down Speed state of the Ethernet port.
100 Mbit/s
10 Mbit/s
Unknown

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Table 65: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - PHY (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Duplex Link Down Duplex state of the Ethernet port.
Full Duplex
Half Duplex
Unknown
IEEE 802.3 Flow State of the flow control configuration.
Control

8.5.6.2 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - TDM

Table 66: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - TDM


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Link Status State Up The TDM link status is up if there is activity on
the TDM link.
Down
The TDM link status is down if there is no activity
Unknown on the TDM link.
Note that the port operational state follows the
link status.

8.5.6.3 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - Bridge

Table 67: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - Bridge


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
MAC Table MAC Address 00:00:00:00:00:00 … Shows the MAC address of the remote port.
ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Ingress Interface TDM Shows the local bridge ingress interface.
Ethernet
Expires In 0 … 300 [s] MAC address expiration time in seconds.
The MAC address aging timer has a fixed value
of 300 s.

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8.5.6.4 AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - CTP

Table 68: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - CTP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Trail Status Working Trail, <MO Address> Managed object address of the CTP (connec-
Remote CTP tion termination point) where the P0-nc signal is
connected to, e.g. /unit-21/port-1/chan-1.
Working Trail, Sta- OK No failure on the received signal.
tus Signal Fail status on the received signal.
SF
CAS AIS CAS AIS status in the received signal, i.e. a
“1111” signal in the signalling pattern of the first
used time slot.
SD Signal Degraded status on the received signal.
Not Available The status of the received signal is not available,
e.g. when the CTPs role is a-end in a unidirec-
tional connection.
Protecting Trail, <MO Address> Managed object address of the CTP (connec-
Remote CTP tion termination point) where the P0-nc signal is
connected to, e.g. /unit-21/port-2/chan-1.
Protecting Trail, OK No failure on the received signal.
Status Signal Fail status on the received signal.
SF
CAS AIS CAS AIS status in the received signal, i.e. a
“1111” signal in the signalling pattern of the first
used time slot.
SD Signal Degraded status on the received signal.
Not Available The status of the received signal is not available,
e.g. when the CTPs role is a-end in a unidirec-
tional connection.
Active Trail Working The trail from the a-end working remote CTP has
been selected.
Protecting The trail from the a-end protecting remote CTP
has been selected.
Not Available There is no active trail.

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Table 68: AP: / unit-x / port-y, Status - CTP (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
External Request Request Release Automatic trail selection.
Force Working Force the selector to use the trail from the a-end
working remote CTP.
Force Protecting Force the selector to use the trail from the a-end
protecting remote CTP.
Manual Working Prefer the trail from the a-end working remote
CTP. Use this trail only if the fault status is not
worse than the fault status of the protecting trail.
Manual Protecting Prefer the trail from the a-end protecting remote
CTP. Use this trail only if the fault status is not
worse than the fault status of the working trail.

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8.6 AP: / unit-x / conf-z

8.6.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Overview

For a description of the


− “Overview - Alarms”, and
− “Overview - Cross Connections”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.6.2 AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Main

8.6.2.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Main - General

For a description of the


− “Main - General”
management function, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.6.3 AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Configuration

8.6.3.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Configuration - General

“Create Participant” and “Delete Participant” dialogues:

Table 69: AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Configuration - General


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Create Participant Open the dialogue to add a participant to a
… conference.
Create Participant Index 0 … 255 Select the participant index number.
0 is a reserved value used for the auto-
assignment of a participant index: The auto-
assigned index is the lowest available index
number.
In the ECST GUI the default value is the
autoassigned index number.

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Table 69: AP: / unit-x / conf-z, Configuration - General (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Delete Participant Open the dialogue to delete a conference
… participant.
Delete Participant Participant All Delete all or a specific conference partici-
pant.
part-1 … part-n

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8.7 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a

8.7.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Overview

For a description of the


− “Overview - Alarms”,
− “Overview - Cross Connections”, and
− “Overview - CTP”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.7.2 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Main

8.7.2.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Main - General

For a description of the


− “Main - General”
management function, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”.

8.7.2.2 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Main - Admin And Oper Status

Table 70: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Main - Admin And Oper Status
Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Operational Status State Up Display of the IETF operational status of the par-
ticipant (RFC 2863).
Down
The operational status is up when a cross con-
Testing nection to another CTP is configured.
Unknown
Dormant
Not Present
Lower Layer Down

8.7.3 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration

Please note that the fields for some of the configuration parameters are con-
text sensitive. Configuration parameters that are not available due to a
higher-ranking configuration parameter are indicated as “NA” (not available).

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The steering parameters for the participant configuration are


• Conference Rate,
• CAS usage.

8.7.3.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - General

Table 71: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - General


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Participant Signalling To Con- Yes The control signal processing of a participant
ference at the conference input can be enabled or
No
disabled.
Please refer to section 5.5.5 Conference
Control Signal Handling (on page 77) for a
description of this parameter.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the participant rate is 1984 kbit/s (no
CAS available) or 56 kbit/s without signalling.
Signalling From Yes The control signal processing of a participant
Conference at the conference output can be enabled or
No
disabled.
Please refer to section 5.5.5 Conference
Control Signal Handling (on page 77) for a
description of this parameter.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the participant rate is 1984 kbit/s (no
CAS available) or 56 kbit/s without signalling.

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Table 71: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - General (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Role Local In the point-to-multipoint and multipoint-to-
multipoint linear network applications the
conferences used in the different network
elements (NE) have local connections, a con-
To-Master
nection towards the master NE head end and
a connection towards the slave NE tail end.
The connection role of a participant must be
To-Slave configured according to the NE type.
Please refer to section 5.2 Network Applica-
tions (on page 48) for a description of the dif-
ferent NE types’ connections.
Conditional Inter- Yes This parameter allows to disconnect partici-
connection pants from a conference input if the control
No
signal C/105 is in the inactive state.
Please refer to section 5.5.5 Conference
Control Signal Handling (on page 77) for a
description of this parameter.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the participant rate is 1984 kbit/s (no
CAS available) or 56 kbit/s without signalling.

8.7.3.2 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - Subrate

Table 72: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - Subrate


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Subrate Subrate Framing V.110 Defines the subrate framing format.
Please refer to section 5.5.5 Conference
X.30
Control Signal Handling (on page 77) for a
description of this parameter.
NA NA (not available) is the only configurable
value if the participant rate is at 56 kbit/s
without signalling or at 64 kbit/s or higher.

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8.7.3.3 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - CTP

Please note:
All layer rate, number of time slots and time slot allocation parameters are
read only.
→ To change a parameter the conference has to be deleted and newly
created with the modified parameters.

Table 73: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - CTP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
CTP Configuration Layer Rate P0_nc Layer rate of the connection termination point is
P0_nc, i.e. n x 64 kbit/s.
The layer rate property of a TUDA1 conference
participant is fixed to P0_nc.
n 0 … 2 characters Number of timeslots in case of P0_nc. The pos-
sible range is from 1 to 32.
The number of time slots of a TUDA1 conference
participant is fixed in the range 1 to 31.
Timeslot(s) 0 … 64 characters Used timeslots in a structured P12 in case of
P0_nc, e.g. 1 … 31.
The timeslot(s) property of a TUDA1 conference
participant is empty.
Connected to CTPs Remote CTP <MO address> Address string of a connections remote end.
Without a connection the parameter is empty
Connection Index 0 … 65’535 Index of a connection assigned to the partici-
pant. Without a connection the parameter is
empty
Directionality Bidirectional Directionality of the connection.
Unidirectional

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Table 73: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Configuration - CTP (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Local Role z-End The participant is the ending point of a connec-
tion.
Please refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Ser-
vices and Cross Connections in XMC20”
a-End Working The participant is the working starting point of a
protected or unprotected connection.
a-End Protecting The participant is the protecting starting point of
a protected connection.
Remote Role z-End The CTP at the connections remote end is the
ending point of a connection.
Please refer to [314] User Guide “TDM Ser-
vices and Cross Connections in XMC20”
a-End Working The CTP at the connections remote end is the
working starting point of a protected or unpro-
tected connection.
a-End Protecting The CTP at the connections remote end is the
protecting starting point of a protected connec-
tion.
z-End Configuration Revertive Protection Enable revertive protection switching.
Switching The z-End will preferably select the working a-
End.
Non-revertive protection switching is only availa-
ble for participants with the number of timeslots
n=1.
Non-revertive protection switching for n>1 will be
available in a future release,
CAS AIS Supervi- Use CAS AIS as protection switching criterion.
sion The CAS AIS supervision can be disabled in the
shared protection ring application, where the
closed protection ring can have an AIS in the
CAS, to prevent an alarm during normal opera-
tion.
Switch-Over Log- Enable the logging of the protection switch-over
ging events.

Please note:
The z-End of a protected connection shows two entries in the “Connected to
CTPs” table, one for the working and one for the protecting path.

8.7.4 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Fault Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the


− “Fault Management - Status”, and
− “Fault Management - Configuration”
management functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/
XMC22”. The following table lists the fault causes of the current AP.

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Table 74: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Fault Management


ID Fault Cause Event Type Traffic Default Description
Affecting Severity
MFA Maintenance Function Communica- Warning A maintenance function has been acti-
Active tion Alarm vated by the operator from the partici-
pant status dialogue.
TSF Trail Signal Failure Communica- Major Trail signal fail (TSF) from the P12 trans-
tion Alarm port unit is active, or
- CAS AIS active (only available if CAS
is enabled), or
- LOF is active.
In a protected connection the working
AND the protecting path have failed.
RTSF Redundant Trail Signal Communica- Minor Trail signal fail (TSF) from the P12 trans-
Failure tion Alarm port unit is active, or
- CAS AIS active (only available if CAS
is enabled), or
- LOF is active.
In a protected connection the working
OR the protecting path has failed.
In an unprotected connection this fault
cause is not applicable.
LOF Loss Of Frame Communica- Major Loss of the V.110 or X.30 frame align-
tion Alarm ment
RLOF Remote Loss Of Frame Communica- Minor Loss of the V.110 or X.30 frame align-
tion Alarm ment at the remote equipment. The
alarm indication is transported in the X
bit of the V.110 or X.30 frame.

Please note:
The monitoring of the TSF and RTSF alarms is disabled by default.

Risk of operating trouble!


The user data rates 600, 1’200, 2’400 and 4’800 bit/s use all the same V.110
or X.30 subrate frame format.
→ A mismatch of the user data rates configured for two connected user
ports or conference participants cannot be detected. The “Loss Of
Frame” alarm is not activated.

8.7.5 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Performance Management

For the a description of the general aspects of the performance management


(PM) functions, please refer to [302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/XMC22”.
The PM parameters are presented in different groups. The following counter
group is available for the TUDA1 conference participants:
• “Protection” group, see section 8.7.5.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Per-
formance Management - Protection (on page 171),
The following counter intervals are available:

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Table 75: PM counter interval availability


Counter interval Protection
User Counter yes
History 15min yes
History 24h yes
Alarm 15min no
Alarm 24h no

8.7.5.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Performance Management - Protection

Table 76: PM group: Protection


PM parameter Description
Switch-Over The protection switch-over count gives information
about the number and distribution of protection
switching events.

8.7.6 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status

8.7.6.1 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - General

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Table 77: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - General


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
To Conference Data 0 Logical state of the data signal going to the con-
ference.
1
Activity On Data Yes Activity on the data signal going to the confer-
ence since the last status refresh.
No
With subrates the activity is checked on the
framed data signal.
CAS 0000 … 1111 Signalling bits abcd going to the conference.
NA NA (not available) is displayed if CAS is disa-
bled.
S 0 Logical state of the subrate frame S bit (X.30)
going to the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates, or when the
subrate framing is V.110.
SA 0 Logical state of the subrate frame SA bit (V.110)
going to the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates, or when the
subrate framing is X.30.
SB 0 Logical state of the subrate frame SB bit (V.110)
going to the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates, or when the
subrate framing is X.30.
X 0 Logical state of the subrate frame X bit (X.30 or
V.110) going to the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates.
From Conference Data 0 Logical state of the data signal coming from the
conference.
1
Activity On Data Yes Activity on the data signal coming from the con-
ference since the last status refresh.
No
With subrates the activity is checked on the
framed data signal.
CAS 0000 … 1111 Signalling bits abcd coming from the conference.
NA NA (not available) is displayed if CAS is disa-
bled.
S 0 Logical state of the subrate frame S bit (X.30)
coming from the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates, or when the
subrate framing is V.110.

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Table 77: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - General (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
SA 0 Logical state of the subrate frame SA bit (V.110)
coming from the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates, or when the
subrate framing is X.30.
SB 0 Logical state of the subrate frame SB bit (V.110)
coming from the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates, or when the
subrate framing is X.30.
X 0 Logical state of the subrate frame X bit (X.30 or
V.110) coming from the conference.
1
NA NA (not available) is displayed if the rate is at 64
kbit/s or above, i.e. without subrates.

8.7.6.2 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - Maintenance

Table 78: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - Maintenance


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Line Status State In-Service Restore the normal operating state of the partici-
pant.
Test-Pattern-Insertion Insert a test pattern “01” towards the participants
conference.
For more information refer to section 7.3 DCE
Interface Line State Maintenance (on page 109).
Out-Of-Service Simulate a failed TUDA1 unit.
For more information refer to section 7.3 DCE
Interface Line State Maintenance (on page 109).

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8.7.6.3 AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - CTP

Table 79: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - CTP


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
Trail Status Working Trail, <MO Address> Managed object address of the CTP (connec-
Remote CTP tion termination point) where the P0-nc signal is
connected to, e.g. /unit-21/port-1/chan-1.
Working Trail, Sta- OK No failure on the received signal.
tus Signal Fail status on the received signal.
SF
CAS AIS CAS AIS status in the received signal, i.e. a
“1111” signal in the signalling pattern of the first
used time slot.
SD Signal Degraded status on the received signal.
Not Available The status of the received signal is not available,
e.g. when the CTPs role is a-end in a unidirec-
tional connection.
Protecting Trail, <MO Address> Managed object address of the CTP (connec-
Remote CTP tion termination point) where the P0-nc signal is
connected to, e.g. /unit-21/port-2/chan-1.
Protecting Trail, OK No failure on the received signal.
Status Signal Fail status on the received signal.
SF
CAS AIS CAS AIS status in the received signal, i.e. a
“1111” signal in the signalling pattern of the first
used time slot.
SD Signal Degraded status on the received signal.
Not Available The status of the received signal is not available,
e.g. when the CTPs role is a-end in a unidirec-
tional connection.
Active Trail Working The trail from the a-end working remote CTP has
been selected.
Protecting The trail from the a-end protecting remote CTP
has been selected.
Not Available There is no active trail.

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Table 79: AP: / unit-x / conf-z / part-a, Status - CTP (continued)


Operation Name Parameter Name Range Description / Details
External Request Request Release Automatic trail selection.
Force Working Force the selector to use the trail from the a-end
working remote CTP.
Force Protecting Force the selector to use the trail from the a-end
protecting remote CTP.
Manual Working Prefer the trail from the a-end working remote
CTP. Use this trail only if the fault status is not
worse than the fault status of the protecting trail.
Manual Protecting Prefer the trail from the a-end protecting remote
CTP. Use this trail only if the fault status is not
worse than the fault status of the working trail.

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9 Annex

9.1 Associated XMC20 Documents

Any version(s) and/or release(s) indicated with the below listed document
titles identify the specific state of the software and/or feature set at the crea-
tion time of the present document. If the present document is published as
part of a document collection, the hyperlinks might open a document valid for
a newer version/release. That updated version is valid in the context of all
units and features described in the document collection.

Please note:
For the HTML-based documentation site there are no interdocument hyper-
links realized yet.
→ Please find the required document via the navigation tree on the left.

[012] Release Note “XMC20”

[201] System Description “XMC20”

[202] Safety Instructions “Precautions and safety”

[301] User Guide “XMC25 Installation”

[310] User Guide “XMC23 Installation”

[322] User Guide “XMC22 Installation”

[302] User Guide “XMC25/XMC23/XMC22”

[323] User Guide “Management Communication”

[354] Quick Guide “ECST”

[355] User Manual “ECST”

[314] User Guide “TDM Services and Cross Connections in XMC20”

[340] Quick Guide “TDM Services over PDH/SDH”

[447] User Manual “COGE5, COGE5-F co5ne_r2, co5un_r2”

[410] User Manual “SELI8 seli8_r5”

[433] User Manual “STM14 stm14_r3”

[506] User Manual “XMC20 cables”

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[915] Technical Bulletin “Feature Licences for XMC20”

9.2 Technical Support

Please refer to the KEYMILE Extranet (via http://www.keymile.com) for sup-


port contact information.

9.3 Product Training

Training courses are available for a wide range of KEYMILE products and
applications.
For contact information, course descriptions, locations and dates, refer to the
Website: http://www.keymile.com, then search for “product training”.

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