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COMPUTERS CAN BE USED IN: MAJOR PHASES OF DATA PROCESSING CYCLE:

 Business  Origination Phase


 Home  Input Preparation Phase
 Entertainment  Processing Phase
 Scientific Research  Output Preparation Phase
 Military  Storage and Feedback Phase

GENERATIONS OF COMPUTERS: 3 IMPORTANT MANUAL STEPS OR PROCEDURES


 1st generation: Vacuum tubes TO MINIMIZE DATA ERROR:
 2nd generation: Transistors  Editing
 3rd generation: Integrated Circuits  Coding
 4th generation: Microprocessors  Verifying
 5th generation: Artificial Intelligence
KINDS OF PROCESSES:
FIFTH GENERATION:  Classifying
 Games playing  Sorting
 Expert systems  Calculating
 Natural language  Summarizing
 Neural Language
 Robotics BASIC COMPONENTS OF A SYSTEM:
 Inputs
CAPABILITIES OF COMPUTER:  Processes
 Perform arithmetic and logical problems.  Outputs
 Store/ remember great amount of variety of  Environment
information.
 Handle large volumes of repetitive tasks accurately. CHARACTERISTICS OF A SYSTEM:
 Communicate with its operator and other machines.  Unitary Whole
 Perform tasks at high speed.  Composed of Parts
 Control error and check itself.  Bounded
 System Parts Interact with Each Other
LIMITATIONS OF A COMPUTER:  Hierarchical
 The computer functions only when input and the  Goal- Oriented
necessary instructions to process the information
have been provided by a human being.
 It can detect but generally cannot correct inaccurate
entry by itself.
 It is subjected to compute breakdown or computer
malfunctions because of power failure, computer
failure humidity, temperature, and maintenance
time.

DESIRABLE QUALITIES OF INFORMATION:


 Relevant
 Complete
 Timely
 Accurate
 Presentable

DATA PROCESSING METHODS:


 Manual Data Processing
 Mechanical Data Processing
 Electromechanical Data Processing
 Electronic Data Processing