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TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF TH E gases.

PHILIPPINES a. 1.0086 c. 0.99147


COMPETENCY EXAM IN PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY b. 1.0043 d. 0.98740
STUDENT NUMBER 14. All of the following are true about the speed of a gas
__________________DATE__March 15, 2013 ; Direction: according to the kinetic theory EXCEPT
Encircle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer a. The root-mean-square speed of a gas
and provide the solution to the problem solving. depends on the pressure
1. An aqueous solution of CuSO4 was electrolyzed between b. The particles move at different speeds.
Cu electrodes. On the cathode , 0.300 grams of Cu was c. The root mean square speed of a gas is
deposited. The solution in the anode compartment contained proportional to the square root of the
1.43 grams of Cu after electrolysis and the same weight of temperature.
water contained 1.2140 grams before electrolysis. Calculate d. Particles with high molar masses in a gas
the transference number of Cu +2 mixture move more slowly than those with
a. 0.18 b. 0.23 c. 0.28 d. 0.31 low molecular masses.
2. Assuming ideal gas behavior, which of the following gases 15. An aniline and hexane pair at 30 ºC gives 2 layers, one
would have the lowest density at standard temperature and 21.9 % aniline and the other 89.9% aniline. What will be the
pressure? weight of the 2 layers when 10. 0 grams of aniline and 39.05
a. SF6 b. CF2Cl2 c. CO2 d. N2 grams of hexane are mixed at 30 ºC?
3. A current of electricity is passed successively through the a. 50 grams hexane layer b. 45 grams hexane layer
ffg. Solutions: a) NaCl between inert electrodes b) AgNO3 c. 34 grams hexane d. 50 grams aniline
between Ag electrodes c) Sulfuric acid between inert 16. NH4HS dissociates as follows: NH4HS (s) ↔ NH3(g)+
electrodes d) KOH between inert electrodes. Ten liters of H2 H2S (g). At 25 ºC, the dissociation pressure of the pure solid is
measured at STP are produced at the cathode in the 3rd 500 mmHg, Calculate the total pressure at equilibrium when
solution. The amount of substance liberated at the positive 300 mmHg of NH3 is introduced into a flask containing solid
electrode in the third cell is NH4HS.
a. 0.89 g H2 b. 0.89 g of Cl2 a. 467 mmHg b. 503 mmHg
c. 7.12 g of O2 d. 31.6 g of Cl2 c. 584 mmHg d. 750 mmHg
4. The amount of substance produced in the fourth cell at the 17. Calculate the osmotic pressure of a solution of urea that
positive electrode is freezes at -1.5°C.
a. 0.89 g H2 b. 0.89 g of O2 a. 18.84 atm b. 19.84 atm
c. 7.12 g of O2 d. 31.6 g of H2 c. 20.54 atm d. 21.36 atm
5. The volume occupied by a mixture of gases is equal to the 18. Which of the following is true regarding the reason that
sum of the partial volume of the individual component gases. isotopes such as 16O and 17O are considered to be the same
a. Avogadro’s Law b. Amagat’s Law element?
c. Graham’s Law d. Henry’s Law a) They have the same number of protons and protons
6. Calculate the freezing point of 0.01 M acetic acid solution, determine the chemistry of an atom.
a weak electrolyte . Ka = 1.8 x 10 - 5 b) They have the same number of neutrons and neutrons
a. - 0.12 ºC b. – 0.02 ºC c. – 0.30 ºC d. – 0.03 ºC determine the chemistry of an atom.
7. Calculate the ionic strength of 0.001 M of K2SO4 c) They have the same number of electrons and electrons
a. 0.003 b. 0.002 c. 0.001 d. 0.01 determine the chemistry of an atom.
8. The boiling point of a 2% solution of an unknown d) The give off the same emissions when they undergo nuclear
compound in benzene is 3 ºC higher than the boiling point of decay
pure benzene. What is the molecular weight of the compound? 19.The standard free energy of formation of HCl (g) at 25 ºC
Tf = 5.5 ºC, Tb = 80.2 ºC ; kf = 5.12 ºC /m; kb = 2.53 ºC/m is - 22,770 cal/mole. Calculate the thermodynamic
a. 17 g/mole b. 24.2 g/mole equilibrium constant for the dissociation of HCl into its
c. 33 g/mole d. 36 g/mole elements at 25ºC.
9. Volatility and vapor pressure are __________. a. 5.02 x 10 – 16 b. 2 x 10 – 17
a. inversely proportional to one another c. 3.21 x 10 – 18 d. 3.57 x 10 – 18
b. directly proportional to one another 20.The amount of heat absorbed (or evolved) when 1 mole of
c. not related a substance is formed is equal to the amount of heat evolved
d. the same thing (or absorbed) when 1 mole of the same substance is
10.A urea solution freezes at - 2.0 ºC. How much glucose decomposed.
should be added to 100 grams of urea solution to lower the a. Hess Law of aHeat Summation
freezing point of solution to – 3.0 ºC ºC? b. Law of Lavoisier and Laplace
a. 16 grams b. 1.6 grams c. 24 grams d. 2.4 grams c. Law of Lavoisier d. Clausius - Clapeyron Equation
11. If 0.0346 grams of gas dissolved in 600 ml of water at 20
ºC and 1 atm. What will be the concentration of a solution of
oxygen in water at 20 ºC if the gas exerts a pressure of 400
mmHg. The vapour pressure of water at 20 ºC is 18mmHg.
a. 3.11 x 10 -5 g/ml b. 3.25 x 10 – 5 g/ml c. 4.21 x
10 – 5 g/ml d. 4.58 x 10 -5 g/ml
12. On a phase diagram, the critical pressure is __________.
a. the pressure required to melt a solid
b. the pressure below which a substance is a solid at all
temperatures
c. the pressure above which a substance is a liquid at all
temperatures
d. the pressure at which a liquid changes to a gas
e. the pressure required to liquefy a gas at its critical
temperature
13. In an isotopic enrichment effusion apparatus, 238UF6 and
235
UF6 gases at 23°C escape from a small hole into a vacuum.
If the initial mole fraction ratio of the two gases is 1:1 ,
calculate the mole fraction ratio 238UF6/235UF6 in the escaping