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Instructions : Each question is followed by either three, four or five options.

Choose the best


option for each question.

1. The graph shows the relationship between physical quantities X and Y.

Which statement about the graph is wrong?

A The equation of the graph is y = - x + 5


B The gradient of the graph is 1
C If x = 5, y = 0
D Y is inversely proportional to x

2. Calculate the volume, in m 3 , of a block of wood with dimensions 3.0 cm x 1.5 cm x 4.0
cm.

A 1.8 x 10 2
B 1.8 x 10 3
C 1.8 x 10 4
D 1.8 x 10 5
E 1.8 x 10 6

3. Diagram (i) shows the zero error of a vernier calipers. Diagram (ii) shows the reading of
the thickness of a coin when this vernier callipers is used. What is the corrected value of
the thinkness of the coin?

Diagram (i)

Diagram (ii)

A 4.11 cm
B 4.15 cm
C 4.21 cm
D 4.66 cm
E 4.70 cm

4. Which of the following shows the relationship of base quantities for acceleration ?

A length
time
B length
time �time
C length �length
time �time
D length
time �time �time

5. The standard form for 4567 Gm in meter is

A 4.567 x 10 1 m
B 4.567 x 10 3 m
C 4.567 x 10 6 m
D 4.567 x 10 9 m
E 4.567 x 10 12 m

6. A particular quantity h is given by the equation Y = kX. If the SI units for Y and X are
kgms 2 and ms 2 , what is the SI unit for k ?

A kgm 2
B kgs 4
C kg
D kgm 2 s 4

7. The diagram shows a dried leaf and a stone being released at the same time in a cylinder.
Why is the stone reaches the base faster?

A The force of gravity acted on the stone is better to overcome the air resistance
compared to the force of gravity acted on the dried leaf.
B The force of gravity acted on the dried leaf is better to overcome the air resistance
compared to the force of gravity acted on the stone.
C The force of gravity acted on the stone is greater than the force of gravity acted on the
dried leaf.
D The force of gravity acted on the dried leaf is greater than the force of gravity acted
on the stone.

8. In a high jump event, thick mattresses with a soft surface are used to

A increase the stopping time of the body


B increase the impulsive force
C increase the momentum

9. A student of mass 50kg takes 10s to climb a flight of stairs that has 5 steps. If each step is
10cm high, what is the power of the student?
[ g = 10ms 2 ]

A 10 w
B 25 w
C 50 w
D 75 w
E 100 w
10. The figure below shows how the velocity of a car changes with time. Which of the
following statements about the motion of the car is correct?

A the car is stationery from 0s to 2s


B the total displacement of the car is 28m
C the car is accelerating from 2s to 5s

11.

The above shows the graph of force against extension. Calculate the elastic potential
energy stored in the spring when it is stretched 3 cm?

A 0.09 J
B 0.20 J
C 4J
D 9J
E 18 J

12. A wooden block is pulled by a force of 10N at an angle of 40 above the horizontal. If the
wooden block is pulled through a horizontal force of 5m, how much work is done on the
wooden block?
A 7.66 J
B 18.8 J
C 24.4 J
D 38.3 J
E 50 J

13. Which pair of unit for impulse is correct?

A Ns kgms-2
B Ns-1 kgm
C Ns-1 kgm3
D Ns kgms-1

14. Which of the following improves the efficiency of the operation of a car?

A Streamlines the body of the car to reduce air resistance


B Deflate the tyres to the correct pressure to increase friction with the road surface
C Align the wheels of the car to increase resistance to the motion of the car

15. Which of the following is not a safety features in vehicles?

A soft materials in dashboard to reduce injury


B strong reinforced steel in passenger safety cell
C colour of the car

16. Which of the following statements about inertia of an object is false?

A an object with a lesser mass has a lesser inertia


B inertia is the property of matter that causes it to resist any change in its motion or state
of rest
C the SI unit of inertia is kilogram

17. The figure below shows 2 identical springs.

Calculate the value of x.


A 3 cm
B 4 cm
C 5 cm
D 6 cm
E 7 cm

18. The pressure at a point in a liquid is not affected by

A its density
B the acceleration due to gravity
C the surface area of the liquid
D the distance from the surface of the liquid to the point concerned

19. A tank 2 m long, 1 m wide and 0.75 m deep is filled with paraffin which weighs 10000 N.
What is the pressure acting on the base of the container due to the paraffin?

A 2000 Pa
B 3000 Pa
C 4000 Pa
D 5000 Pa
E 10000 Pa

20. The diagram shows a container filled with cooking oil.Assuming the density of the
cooking oil is 800 kg m-3, determine the pressure at point X.

A 800 Pa
B 1600 Pa
C 2400 Pa
D 3000 Pa
E 3600 Pa

21. The diagram shows a container with three holes of same area P, Q and R on its side. The
container is then filled with water. The water from hole R spurts out the furthest because
A The water pressure at R is the greatest.
B The density of water at R is higher than the density of water at P.
C The acceleration due to gravity at R is higher than at P and Q

22. Which of the following is not an application of atmospheric pressure?

A Hydraulic Jack
B siphon
C Bourdon Gauge

23. The diagram shows a simple manometer used to measure the pressure of a gas. If the
atmospheric pressure is 76 cm Hg, what is the pressure of the gas in the cylinder?

A 20 cm Hg
B 56 cm Hg
C 76 cm Hg
D 96 cm Hg
E 100 cm Hg

24. The container in the diagram contains incompressible liquid. A downward force of 12 N is
exerted on piston K. What will be the magnitude of the upward force experienced by
piston L?
A 3N
B 10 N
C 12 N
D 24 N
E 48 N

25. Which of the following instrument functions based on Pascal’s Principle?

A manometer
B hydrometer
C ammeter
D hydraulic jack

26. The diagram shows an object floating on the surface of water. Which of the following
statements is true?

A The density of the object is greater than the density of the water.
B The volume of water displaced is equal to the volume of the object.
C The weight of water displaced is equal to the weight of the object.
D The mass of the object is equal to the buoyant force on the object.

27. A fisherman of mass 60 kg sits on his boat of mass 200 kg floating on the open sea. If the
density of sea water is 1250 kg m-3 , what is the buoyant force acting on the boat?

A 600 N
B 1400 N
C 1250 N
D 2000 N
E 2600 N

28. Which of the following graphs correctly shows the relationship between the magnitude of
the buoyant force and the depth to which an object is immersed into a liquid?
A

29. The diagram shows the cross-section of an aerofoil. When air blows across the aerofoil,
which of the regions marked A, B, C or D experiences the lowest pressure?

30. The diagram shows an aeroplane flying with constant velocity at a certain altitude above
sea level. Which of the following is true regarding the forces acting on the aeroplane at
that moment?
A drag = lift
B lift = weight
C forward thrust = weight

31. The diagram shows an experiment conducted using a Bernoulli’s tube. When air is made to
flow though the apparatus in the direction as shown, what can be observed about the
height of water that rises in the vertical tubes X, Y and Z ?

A X<Y and Y<Z


B X<Z and Z<Y
C X>Y and Y>Z
D X>Z and Z>Y

32. The diagram shows a Bunsen burner. Which of the following statements is false?

A Gas flows with high speed inside the cylindrical tube of the Bunsen burner.
B Air flows into the Bunsen burner via the air hole.
C The atmospheric pressure outside the
Bunsen burner is lower than the pressure of the gas inside the Bunsen burner.
33. The diagram shows the cross-section of a dam. Why does the thickness of the dam
increases towards the base of the dam?

A Water pressure increases with depth.


B The density of water increases towards the base of the dam.
C So that more water can be stored.
D Less material is needed to build the dam.

34. Pressure can be expressed in the following units except

A N m2
B Pascal
C cm Hg
D Joule

35. The diagram shows a cuboid with dimensions 2 m x 3 m x 5 m. The weight of the cuboid
is 6000 N. What is the minimum pressure exerted by the cuboid if it is placed on the
ground?

A 1000 Pa
B 600 Pa
C 400 Pa
D 200 Pa
E 100 Pa

36. The sensitivity of a liquid-in-glass thermometer can be increased by

A Using a liquid which conducts heat better.


B Reducing the thickness of the wall of the bulb.
C Using a shorter tube.
D Using a tube with narrower bore.
37. A cup of hot chocolate drink at temperature of 750C is added into a jug of warm chocolate
of temperature 400C. What is the final temperature of the mixture?

A more than 7500C.


B less than 40C.
C between 400C and 750C.

38. Which of the following physical quantities is not a thermometric property?

A Volume of a fixed mass of gas


B Pressure of a fixed mass of gas
C e.m.f. across a thermocouple.
D Rate of decay of a radioactive substance.

39. “The specific heat capacity of metal R is 450 J kg-1 0C-1.” The statement means that

A 450 J of heat is required to increase the temperature of metal R by 10C.


B 450 J of heat is required to increase the temperature of 1 kg of metal R by 10C.
C 450 J of heat is required to melt 1 kg of metal R.
D 450 J of heat is required to increase 1 g of metal R form 00C to 1000C.

40. The temperature of a piece of metal of mass 500 g and specific heat capacity OF 300 J kg -1
0 -1
C decreases from 780C to 580C. What is the quantity of heat released by the piece of
metal?

A 1000 J
B 2000 J
C 3000 J
D 4000 J
E 5000 J

41. In an experiment to determine the specific heat capacity of a substance, the value obtained
is usually higher than the actual value. What is the reason for this deviation.

A Some heat energy is lost to the surrounding.


B The mass of the substance is not large enough.
C The substance is not in thermal equilibrium with the surroundings.
D The heating time is not long enough.

42. What happens to the boiling point of water if some salt is dissolved in it?

A Decreases
B Increases
C Unchanged

43. A swimmer immediately feels cold when coming out of a swimming pool on a warm day.
This is because

A His body temperature is higher than the surrounding temperature.


B Water is a good conductor of heat.
C Water absorbs latent heat from his body to evaporate.
D Water is cooler than air

44. In the experiment to determine the specific latent heat of fusion of ice, a control set of
apparatus is set up with the immersion heater turned off as shown in the diagram below.

The aim of having the control set is

A to detect any difference in the melting point of ice.


B to determine the mass of ice melted when heat is absorbed from the surroundings.
C to test if the immersion heater is functioning properly.
D to measure the initial mass of ice used.

45. Ice at a temperature of -200C is heated at a steady rate until it changes to water at 300C.
Which of the following temperature-time graphs best describes the process above?

B
C

46. What is the physical quantity that is kept constant in Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law and
Pressure Law?

A Volume
B Mass
C Absolute temperature
D Pressure

47. Which of the following causes the formation of images on a plane mirror?

A Absorption of light
B Dispersion of light
C Reflection of light
D Refraction of light

48.

The figure above shows a slab of glass is held in front of a pen. The pen appears bent is
due to

A the reflection of light


B the refraction of light
C the total reflection of light

49.

The figure above shows a ray diagram of a concave mirror. Which of the following shows
the correct relationship between the object distance, u and focal length, f ?

A u<f
B u=f
C u = 2f
D u > 2f

50. Which of the following is used as a dentist mirror?

A Plane mirror
B Concave mirror
C Convex mirror
D Magnifying lens