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Inglés II 2012

ABSTRACT
Escribir un buen abstract siempre ha sido muy importante. Sin embargo, ahora
cobra mayor trascendencia, debido al crecimiento de las publicaciones en línea,
sabiendo que muchos de ellos contienen solamente abstracts. Los abstracts
tienen como función principal, “vender” el trabajo realizado. Ahora, además de
convencer al lector para leer la totalidad del escrito, el abstract debe convencer
al lector para que con precisión, logre ampliar la información del escrito, con
vínculos relacionados en la red para ganar información correlacionada. Con el
diluvio de información actual, muchos ejecutivos e intelectuales, no tiene
tiempo sino para abordar los abstracts de las publicaciones.

Un abstract es un breve, apropiado y comprensivo resumen de un artículo,


contenido académico o científico. Si bien, el abstract se ubica al inicio del
artículo, debería ser la última sección que se escribe. El abstract debe guardar
la misma estructura del artículo.
El abstract debe ser tan conciso y concreto que le permita al lector leer o no, el
contenido completo del artículo o de la investigación propuesta. El abstract
cobra vigencia en las universidades e instituciones educativas, figurando en
cada una de las asignaturas o cursos realizados para certificar a quien solicita
los contenidos atendidos en la institución.

Como escribir un abstract informativo


Planear el abstract menor que el 10% del contenido propuesto.
En el primer borrador prestar atención a los palabras claves, estadísticas y
datos importantes que usted necesita incluir.
No se deben incluir frases de alcances generales o vagos como “este abstract
parecerá ...”
Estar seguro de omitir o condensar bastante, los ejemplos, tablas o soportes
inadecuados.
El abstract en sí, debe ser un “miniensayo”
Lea el abstract atentamente y hágalo leer por personas idóneas, antes de la
publicación final.

La mayoría de los abstracts está compuesto de la siguiente forma:


 Oración introductoria (relacionado al tema)
 Objetivo general
 Tipo de investigación (si se usa)
 Población
 Instrumento
 Validez
 Conclusiones
 Recomendaciones
 Palabras clave
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Inglés II 2012

A.- Identifique las partes que estructuran los siguientes abstracts


For some Industrial Projects Consulting Enterprise, the information, the handling of this
and the use of new technologies is not the attention center, and that is the reason why the
measure have a tendency to be inadequate in most of the cases because of a dissociation
between strategic plan an IS/TI exist. The aim of this investigation is to design a strategic
plan that permits an adequate measure and use of the information system and
technologies on this type of enterprise, the pursuit with this is a maintenance competitive
advantage and adequate to the environment. To development this study was necessary
establish a projective investigation with a modality of feasible project, supported in
descriptive and camp, with a not descriptive experimental transactional design. The
population was composed for 75 people, to this was applied a questionnaire of 50
questions based on a licker's scale with a validity by a discrimity test supported by the
judgment of 6 expert, and a reliability obtained by split halves method of 0,80. From the
questionnaire was take as result that even de effort to integrate the strategic plans with the
measure IS/IT plans, it's important reinforce the cohesion between they maybe using some
king of instrument. Finally after the discuss of result design was designed a strategic plan
based on the methodologies proposes by David (1.994) and Serna (2.000) where the
principal scope is the establish of a vision and mission that include the information and the
technology for this handling as one of the principals value as its well the use of strategies
that conduce to the consecution of the mission based on the same presupposed.

Key words: IT technologies, information system, strategic plan.

The present study was intended to determine the viability of an application of a model of
decision making for the financing of industrial projects for carboniferous companies of the
national power sector. The type of study used was applied, descriptive of field and
prospective. The design was nonexperimental, descriptive and transectional. The
population was composed of 5 coal companies, selecting managers of Finances. A
sampling was made to include 10 managers from the largest companies, specifically
Carbozulia, Carbones del Guasare and Carbones de la Guajira. A questionnaire validated
by expert judges and with a reliability of 0.98 was used. The results indicated that the
Carbonifera company counts on a favorable balance between costs and benefits, that
technology and personel are specialized in this area and are able to implement the
decision model. Technology and psycho-social parameters determine that the application
of the model has economic viability. Also, certain administrative and legal procedures are
required to accomplish the results.

Expresiones para objetivos


The (main/principal/major/central) (objective/ goal /intention / focus /aim/
purpose / reason/pursuit) of (this/ the following) investigation/project/research
(is/was) to …
This project aims / intends/ seeks / means/ focuses to …
This research is/was meant/ intended/focused/ aimed to ….

Example: The purpose of the following investigation is to analyze the styles of


management in Matahari, Inc.
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Inglés II 2012

Expresiones para tipos de investigación


The investigation was of descriptive /correlational/ exploratory/
participative action type
with a non experimental / descriptive /transactional design.
The type of investigation is/was exploratory/ feasible project/ non
experimental / descriptive /transactional
The project is under a qualitative / quantitative/ positivist paradigm
The design of investigation used in this project is correlational

Población
The main population is/was formed/integrated/composed by
The population is distributed in two groups
A population census was carried out throwing a result of …
A sample of the population was calculated

Instrumento
A questionnaire was designed to explore/ collect / gather information /data
An instrument with thirty-five closed items was used
A multi-selection response test/questionnaire was applied

Validez
The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated with
Throwing as a result
The information was collected by a scale Likert instrument, validated for
experts, with a reliability of 0.9683
The reliability was obtained by split halves method with (a result of) 0, 80 (as
a result)

Resultados /Conclusiones
The results show that ….
As can be seen, the figures demonstrate that
The outcome indicate / show / point out that
It was concluded / demonstrated / assumed

Recomendaciones
It is recommended / suggested that
A …… is recommended /

**Elabora un abstract utilizando tus trabajos de tus investigaciones


actuales o anteriores
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