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KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, KUMASI

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
DEPRTMENT OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERING
INSTITUTE OF DISTANCE LEARNING
RESERVOIR RECOVERY TECHNIQUES PETE 467
END OF SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS DEC 2015
DURATION : 2HRS
SECTION A

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION (30 marks)

i. Derive the Buckley Leverett equation for fractional flow assuming , a horizontal

dip, no capillary pressure for a incompressible fluid used for displacement

ii. Explain the primary role of enhanced oil recovery techniques

iii. What are the selection criteria considered for a CO2 flooding project?

iv. State factors affecting the choice of a flooding pattern

v. Explain the meanings of these Acronynms as used in recovery techniques ;

WAG and SAGD.

vi. Explain the concept of Johnson’s correlation as applied to understanding fluid

displacement in multi-layered reservoirs.

vii. What are the roles of a polymer in enhancing recovery

viii. What is the main physical effect of a surfactant in a flooding operation

ix. Explain the concept of Dietz Analysis in describing displacement stability

x. What is meant by a “STABLE DISPALCEMENT”, Qualitatively and

Quantitatively

xi. Explain the following terms: diffuse flow, segregated flow, vertical equilibrium,

piston displacement
SECTION B 70 MARKS

The reservoir being studied is a thin, shallow, understurated oil accumulation.

Note for this problem the thickness is measured perpendicular to the dip of the formation.

The field is to be developed under full pressure maintenance with a line water drive as

shown above.

The offtake rate will initially be 2000 stb/d of oil.

Assume that the water injection rate will remain constant throughout the life of the field.

Ignore radial flow effects around the injection and production wells.

Perform the following calculations


Estimate the STOIIP for the field and for each injector/producer pair
2. Assuming a diffuse flow, determine then water saturation at the shock front and the
average water saturation behind the front at breakthrough.
3. Calculate the time to break through and the cumulative oil recovered at that time
4. Calculate the ultimate recovery for the field at an abandonment oil rate of 100 stb/d
Field Practical SI
Drained thickness h 25 ft 7.6 m
Porosity f 0.22 fraction 0.22 fraction
Water saturation Sw 0.25 fraction 0.25 fraction
Oil viscosity mo 3 cp 3 mPa·s
Water viscosity mw 0.5 cp 0.5 mPa·s
Oil form. volume factor Bo 1.2 1.2
Oil relative density go 0.81 0.81
Water relative density gw 1 1
Reservoir permeability k 200 mD 197 10-3 (µm)²

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*******Lecturer :Mr. K.Sarkodie