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‘SUN TO GAS’

STORED SOLAR POWER EXPORT INVESTMENT


FOR CLEAN AIR EXPORT

Solar hydrogen
financial consulting ltd

HYDROGEN EXPORT FOR CARBON CAPTURE,


THE METAL REFINING INDUSTRY
AND THE GAS GRID
PROJECT AUSTRACHIN

Australia has ambitious targets to establish their own hydrogen economy and become a
hydrogen fuel leader, to become a “a renewable energy exporter
and hydrogen fuel hotspot.”
It wants to become a hydrogen fuel leader through PV2G: converting solar photovoltaic
energy into hydrogen by a process called electrolysis, splitting H2O water into hydrogen
and oxygen with electrical current. Most hydrogen today comes from steam reforming
of natural gas CH4 resulting H2 and polluting CO2.
Australia wants to “literally bottle sunshine through electrolysis and sell it,"

China has its own energy source and its photovoltaics, it owns 80% of the world’s PV
production capacity and has a saturated electrical grid for PV installations. It also has
many coal plants whose CO2 can be used to produce methane gas CH4 with H2 and
CO2 through the Sabatier process. In addition China’s has a large metal refining industry,
fertilizer production and petrochemical cracking industry that can also utilize
the clean imported hydrogen.

Hydrogen can be stored in an LOHC - liquid oxide hydrogen carrier that reduces hydrogen
gas density up to 5 times as much as when hydrogen is in a liquid compressed hydrogen
form. LOHC makes hydrogen easy to store and transport around the world.

The objective of this project is to open up new clean hydrogen markets in China and
set up new PV2G hydrogen plants in Australia where potential solar power and land is
abundant.

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THE ‘SUN TO GAS’ EXPORT PROCESS

PROPOSED CONSORTIUM EXAMPLE

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Can construct new concentrated solar
power plants that produce electricity.

or
Supplies durable PV panels to produce electricity

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Installs the electrolysor
machines that use the produced electricity to
split H2O water into H2 gas and O gas.

Installs catalyzer LOHC


(Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrer) mixing
machines that reduces the volume density
of the hydrogen gas by five times and converts
it into a non explosive liquid.

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Installs the storage containers for the
LOHC (Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrer)
liquid catalyzer.

5 TSAKOS
Shipping tanker collects and transports the
liquefied catalyzed gas to a gas grid.

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Hydrogenious machine removes the


LOHC (Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrer)
catalyzer from the hydrogen gas
at the hydrogen delivery point

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“The hydrogen gas can be mixed with carbon dioxide CO2,
to form methane and fed into the gas grid”

The hydrogen gas can be mixed with


carbon dioxide CO2, to form methane
and fed into the gas grid, can be fed
directly into some gas grids or can
be sold to the steel making industry.

“can be fed directlyinto some gas grids

“can be sold to the steel making industry”

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INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM

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METAL REFINERIES NEED TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN
FROM NATURAL GAS AND THEREBY EMITTE CO2

Hydrogen production by steam methane reforming,

0.025 MWhe 1 MWhe natural gas


@ £ 95 / MWhe HHV @ £15 / MWh

05 MWhe
@ £95 /
MWhe

Steam methane
reformer

Capture £33-£ 23 / MWh,


CO2 to CCS Transport £10-£ 5 / MWh,
CARBON CAPTURE REWARDS 53 £ / MWh

1.21 MHh Efficiency =1.21 / 1+0.025+0.5 = 79% 1.21


Hydrogen HHV MWh Hydrogen
gas to grid

Steam-methane reforming reaction Cost


CH4 + H20 (+ heat) › CO2 + 3H2 1 MWh methane = £15
0.025 MWh electricity = £2.4
Water-gas shift reaction
CO + H2O › CO2 + H2 (+ small amount of heat)
0.5 MWh electricity / hilt = £47.5
METHANE RESALE PRICE
Combined
Total cost for 1 MWh of H2 = £100
CH4 + 2H20 › CO2 + 4H2
METHANE RESALE PRICE
Very large industrial = £15 / MWh
Domestic = £45 / MWh

http://euanmearns.com/the-hydrogen-economy-more-green-mythology/

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PROJECT INVESTMENT PROJECTIONS EXAMPLE

Investors would be able to buy equity shares in a new fund called ‘PV2G plants’. The firm 'PV2G plants' will
own the PV2G or CSP2G plants, the firm will have third parties in the consortium manage the power to gas plants.
Investors will receive equity dividends from the plants hydrogen gas producing sales revenues. The investor might
also benefit from possible share price rises, due to the funds expansion, increased know how and innovation.

Share emission projections


• Year 1: plant with 3% ROI – 100 Euros per share
• Year 3: plants with 5% ROI – 120 Euros per share
• Year 6: plants with 7% ROI – 135 Euros per share
• Year 9: plants with 8 % ROI - 150 Euros per share
• Year 12: plants with 10 % ROI – 170 Euros per share
The increased return on investments for plants will depend on the economies of scale, operational
efficiency, innovations costs and productivity, as the number of plants owned by the invested in firm grows.

Numbers
Investment projections
• The concentrated power plants costs 1-2 million per 1 MW / PV plants cost 0.7 million per MW
• The electrolyser costs around 0.25 million per 1MW
• Other costs per MW are estimated at 0.25-1 million per MW
• Averaging the target scale investment cost at 1.5 million per MW

Production projections
• 1 MW is estimated to be able to produce 5-7 Mw-h per day
• 5 Mw-h converts to around 100 kilo’s of hydrogen a day, resulting in 36,500 kilos of hydrogen a year.
The by-product of electrolysis is 750 Kilos of oxygen a day and 273,750 kilos of oxygen a year,
this can be used domestically in the generator.
• 1 kg of hydrogen has the same energy content as 1 gallon (3.2 kg) or 4 litres of gasoline,
fuel cell driving value of 15$ per kilogram, production price of 5$ and gas grid spot market
price between 1$ and 2$ when mixed with carbon dioxide to form methane.
• Resulting in an estimated revenue of 182,500$-36,500$ per year per MW.
The PS10 has 11 MW power capacity and costs 35 million, with scale, higher temperature and innovation we estimate the industrial cost to be half.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PS10_solar_power_plant
https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/permitting/pdfs/43061.pdf 6
PROPOSED PLAN

The projects plan is to start with a field of existing PV or one CSP plant located near a port,
that would have land available to expand the project to 20-100 plants. The plants would
be connected with electrical cables, using transported the electricity at the port to generate
the hydrogen gas with the the electrolyser and mix the H2 with the liquefying LOHC.

Investor interest
• Share dividends is projected to be around 3% to 15% a year
• Potential share price rise
• Religious responsibility as caretakers for the world
• Secure investment in sustainable fuel production
• Investments that reduce inequality and provide induced employment
• Support for the domestic economy
• Produce fuel that reduces carbon dioxide emisions
• Existing and upcoming markets

Investment sectors targeted


• Investment banks
• Renewable energy projects investors
• Religious funds
• Equity crowdfunding
• Renewable energy banks
• Shipping and gas companies
• Regional and public financing
• Gas associations

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GEOGRAPHIC'S

The ‘concentrated solar plants’ produce most gas in desert regions


future implementation is proposed to be expanded to the in the following countries:

Australia

• Egypt

• Tunisia

• Jordan

• Palestine

• Syria

• India

• Namibia

• Mexico

Why the local goverment should engage in the project

• Increase in high technology economy, from local work and expertise

• Induced employment and businesses, the funds will go to

productivity and employment


• Business tourism

• Reduced inequality

• A better image in the world in know how and technology

• New know how industries

• Develop an knowledge economy

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R&D Institutes in the hydrogen industry

http://www.protononsite.com www.fz-juelich.de

http://www.arevah2gen.com/en/ www.zbt-duisburg.de

https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de www.energieagentur.nr

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Hydrogen solar financial consulting ltd is a business with know how in
PV sector and hydrogen sector with a good understanding of energy economics.
It is organizing an consortium to export hydrogen gas from Australia to China,
for carbon capture, carbon cracking and metal refineries.

For more information or collaboration,


please contact us automationtechnologies7@gmail.com or 0034 674526884

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