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268 LATIN AMERICAN ANTIQUITY [Vol. 27, No.

2, 2016]

of the significance of superposed mural programs with training future generations. It will appeal to an English-
widely differing subject matter, arguing that the fact that speaking readership interested in the city or in broader
rooms painted with bird and fire-water symbolism were questions of early urbanism. In Juárez Osnaya’s book,
covered over with depictions of Storm God symbolism we get a glimpse of the valuable data generated through
may signify an underlying change in lineage organization salvage excavations and the importance of bringing them
of the compound. Similar arguments have been made to press. We gain an appreciation of the elaborateness of
for the reconfiguration of the iconography of sequential many Teotihuacan residences, both in their iconography
construction phases at the Feathered Serpent Pyramid and construction sequences. It will appeal to a Spanish-
and at the Avenue of the Dead Complex, although both speaking readership interested in domestic architecture
of these may have served palatial, and therefore strongly and its changes associated with urban development, past
political, functions. Based primarily on the murals, and present.
Juárez Osnaya interprets Totometla as having housed a
resident priestly class of relatively high status.
The puzzles of political organization, socioeconomic The Northern Titicaca Basin Survey: Huancané-Putina.
status, and the meaning of art at Teotihuacan permeate CHARLES STANISH, CECILIA CHÁVEZ JUSTO,
both of these contributions and highlight certain strengths KARL LAFAVRE, and AIMÉE PLOURDE. 2014.
in each. Although the theoretical tradition enjoys a long Memoirs of the Museum of Anthropology Number 56,
pedigree in the archaeology of Teotihuacan, many of the Studies in Latin American Ethnohistory & Archaeology
hypotheses derived from historical materialism have not Volume IX. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. xvi +
withstood closer evaluation of facts on the ground. For 407 pp. $38.00 (paper), ISBN 978-0-915703-84-5.
instance, if top-down management of hydraulic infra-
structure was an important source of state power, why are Reviewed by José M. Capriles, Pennsylvania State Uni-
all documented canals modest in scope with large net- versity.
works of them having been covered over during the con-
solidation of the state and urban sprawl outward? Further, The Lake Titicaca Basin is often seen as the cultural cen-
if Teotihuacan featured a highly exploitative upper class, ter of the Andes. Much as the Inca acknowledged the
why were the residences for most of the population so lake as the birthplace of their own ancestors, many gen-
nicely planned and constructed, and why did commoners erations of scholars sought in the basin the origins of
enjoy relatively ready access to most materials that cir- Andean civilization. For over a century, archaeologists
culated within the Classic period Mesoamerican econ- have investigated key monumental sites in the basin,
omy? Juárez Osnaya suggests that the residents of such as Tiwanaku, Pukara, Chiripa, and Sillustani. How-
Totometla were of a high-ranking, priestly class, but, in ever, as much as we have been able to learn from these
fact, the dimensions of the excavated sample of rooms places, to understand the far-reaching complexity of
(ca. 4–5 m) are more consistent with an intermediate sociopolitical change in the region, countless archaeo-
status compound. One of the remarkable aspects of logical settlements remain to be explored and more sys-
domestic life at Teotihuacan is the elaborateness of so tematic survey is necessary not only to discover these
many compounds located in the inner core of the city, sites but also to place them in a broader temporal, spatial
which led early archaeologists to deem them “palaces,” and evolutionary framework. This is particularly true for
when in fact none were. Reasoning more consistent with intermediate areas between the largest and most monu-
the record articulates with what Juárez Osnaya (e.g., p. mental sites.
65) identifies as the “second social division of labor” at The Northern Titicaca Basin Survey: Huancané-
Teotihuacan, whereby apartment living created scalar Putina, written by Charles Stanish, Cecilia Chávez
efficiencies in production at the city, attracting migrants. Justo, Karl Lafavre, and Aimée Plourde makes an impor-
This line of reasoning connects nicely to Cowgill’s (pp. tant contribution to filling a void of information regard-
124–125) discussion of “relative deprivation,” whereby ing the spatial and temporary extent of human
relative gains in wealth by neighbors of intermediate sta- occupation in the northern portion of the basin. Divided
tus may lead to peer emulation in building styles, adorn- in four chapters, this lengthy volume is a straightforward
ment, and construction materials, leading in the survey report. The first chapter describes the ecological
Teotihuacan case to substantial and ornate apartment com- and cultural landscape of the basin and delineates the
pounds, without requiring intensive state involvement. research design behind the northern Titicaca Basin sur-
Resolution of such issues remains central to future vey. The Huancané-Putina corresponds to one of three
investigations at Teotihuacan. In Cowgill’s book we have large-scale surveys implemented in the northern portion
a roadmap for continuing to address them, written by of Lake Titicaca, and future volumes will describe the
one of the greatest archaeologists of the city and a scholar results of the Arapa and Taraco surveys. It is worth
who has been tireless in creating an infrastructure for emphasizing that the diachronic perspective of social
REVIEWS 269

evolutionary change put forward by Stanish places these addition, the Archaic period is briefly discussed, as many
surveys in a comparative framework for understanding sites associated with this period were recorded, but no
the emergence and transformation of complex societies maps for this period are provided. This chapter is brief
in the basin. and mostly notes either major trends or impressionistic
In the second chapter, Chávez Justo describes the hypotheses without quantitative analysis, which reminds
methodology and results of the ceramic analysis imple- the reader that the volume is mostly a presentation of
mented to derive the detailed typology used in the survey data, leaving broader analysis and interpretations for
to classify the sites chronologically. Based on four cri- later publications. In this respect, the book is comple-
teria, this new typology is both agglomerative and poly- mented by two appendices that consist of pictures, draw-
thetic. The first criterion, raw material, is used to sort the ings, and tabular data of diagnostic ceramic sherds and
assemblage into groups and variants. Technology is the lithic bifaces (mostly consisting of projectile points).
second criterion, and the core of this typology relies on Given the importance of the Lake Titicaca Basin for
it as over a hundred individual pastes are initially understanding the emergence and consequences of social
described and later arranged into a series of 13 wares, complexity, the data contained in this volume are sub-
which have chronological validity. A third criterion of stantive. Moreover, the data sets presented here will
analysis incorporates morphology and function to create guide and contextualize future research in the region for
vessel classes and categories, and a fourth and final cri- years to come. Scholars interested in analyzing spatial
terion introduces decoration. The result is a typology data will find this volume useful, but they will have to
that relates wares and vessel types with temporal find the actual site coordinates elsewhere. Following a
cogency. The final result is noteworthy, although the long tradition of systematic surveys in the Titicaca basin,
detailed descriptions of the pastes and the drawings of this report makes a significant contribution towards con-
the vessels are tedious, of variable quality, and it is often solidating the data produced by the northern Titicaca
difficult to sort apart some pastes without recourse to basin survey project during the last 15 years, and we will
thin-sections and other analytical and visual aids. The await earnestly for the publication of the Arapa and
new typology is a welcome addition to Titicaca basin Taraco surveys.
archaeology, considering that most scholars working in
the basin have passively contended with the multifaceted
variability that characterizes over three millennia of soci- Panorama Arqueológico: Dos Oaxacas MARCUS
eties occupying the region by opting to use longer tem- WINTER and GONZALO SÁNCHEZ SANTIAGO,
poral periods, which conceal all but the most obvious editors. 2014. Centro INAH Oaxaca, Mexico. vi + 329
sociopolitical changes (i.e., the expansion of the pp. ISBN 978-607-9305-34-5.
Tiwanaku state or the advent of Inca conquest). I hope
that new studies will test and improve its effectiveness. Reviewed by Ronald K. Faulseit, Field Museum,
The third chapter includes the description of the Chicago.
nearly 500 archaeological sites documented during the
survey of Huancané and Putina. Two large tables include This edited volume is a welcome addition that will be
site descriptions, elevations, temporal phases, and other of interest not only to specialists working in Oaxaca,
data for all habitation and cemetery sites. The site descrip- but to all Mesoamerican scholars. Although I find the
tions, often illustrated by photographs, are succinct but editors’ fundamental premise of “two Oaxacas” prob-
otherwise suitable. It is important to note that the tables lematic, many of the individual papers are strong and
and descriptions do not include the actual site coordi- some present important new findings that are sure to
nates, without which all of the information contained in contribute greatly to our understanding of Mesoameri-
the volume is left in the lurch. Another qualm is that site can prehistory. The volume contains 16 papers covering
sizes are given as length and width measurements, as very diverse thematic, spatial, and temporal foci, includ-
opposed to surface areas derived from tracking the ing informative syntheses for understudied regions in
perimeter of the sites or the result of systematic surface the state of Oaxaca, such as the Sierra Mixe, Isthmus of
collections. Two diagnostic sherds were used to assign Tehuantepec, and Sierra Mazateca. The accompanying
a temporal phase to a site, except for late intermediate figures, drawings, maps, and photographs richly com-
period wares, which required three. plement the individual works, and the volume also con-
The fourth chapter uses the theoretical framework tains a separate section with color plates. Unfortunately,
developed at the beginning of the book to describe the this broad topical coverage also reduces the continuity
region’s settlement system and its change through time. between the individual papers and contributes to the
The authors use broad-scale maps to show the changes lack of a coherent theme that satisfactorily ties all of the
in the distribution of habitation sites over 13 phases. In works together, a feature that makes the book read more

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