You are on page 1of 65

��#ࡱ#�################>###�� #################3###########5#######����####,###-

###4###����������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
������������������#5@ ###�#�###############F�####bjbj�2�2##################
###4R##�X##�X##��######L##################
###��##########��##########��##################�#####2#######2###2#######2#######�#
######�#######�###############
#######rl######rl######rl##8###�l##\####m######
#######��##�###&n######&n######<n######<n######<n######—######—######—######b�#####
#d�######d�######d�######d�######d�######d�##$###��##R###!
�##�###��######################�#######F�######################��######��##"###F�##
####F�######��##############2#######2#######<n##############<n##R(##��######�######
�######�######F�##v###2###R###<n######�###8###<n######b�##############�############
##########################################F�######b�######�##p###�######f�##�###��#
#�###�###"###�################################################################�####
##<n#######n##
###�/4/��#########rl######��######z�##L###########��##l###��##0###��######��##L###�
�######¸######��##�####�##############
#######
#######2#######2#######2#######2#######################��##############�########�##
�###—##�###��##�###�######t�##<###��##�###################################—######—#
#####—######��######��######
#######
###df##ni##############Լ##"###
#######
#######ni##########################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###########################################################################FMS
SAMPLE PAPERINSTRUCTIONS � Please read these carefully before attempting the test1.
There are three sections.2. The total time allotted is 2 hours exactly. 3.
Please fill all the details, as asked on top of the answer sheet.4. Please
try to maximize your attempt overall but you need to do well in all four sections.
5. All questions carry 4 marks each. 6. There is 25% negative marking for
every wrong answer.7. Since it is a time constrained test and you have only 2
hours, and all question carry equal marks please do not get struck on any question,
but move fast to try and do the easier ones.8. Please do all scratch work on paper
only, no extra sheets to be used. Put all your answers on the answer sheet.9.
Relax. You are competing against yourself.
SECTIONS IDirections Q 1-11: Mark the best choice.1. The probability that A speaks
truth is 0.8. A die is rolled and A says that the die shows "six". What is the
probability that the number on the die is really six? 1. 4/9 2. 5/9 3.
3/10 4. 3/52. The price of a garment is reduced by 20%. During a special
"early-bird" session all garments are marked: "Take an additional 30% off the
reduced price". The reductions are equivalent to a single reduction of: 1.
25% 2. 44% 3. 50% 4. 54%3. The average of four consecutive even
integers is always 1. an odd number 2. an even number 3.
divisible by 3 4. divisible by 44. A man climbs 30 m at the beginning of
each hour and falls back 20 m during each hourly period. If he begins his ascent at
8 a.m., at what time will he make the first contact with a point distant 120 m from
the ground? 1. 4 p.m. 2. 4.30 p.m. 3. 5 p.m. 4. 6 p.m.5. The length of a
rectangle is increased by 50%. By what percentage should the width be decreased to
maintain the same area? 1. 75 2. 66 2/3 3. 50 4. 33 1/36. A gift worth
x rupees is being bought by n students. If 6 of them drop out, how many rupees each
of the others has to pay ? 1. x/(n - 6) 2. (x + 6)/n 3. 6x/n(n - 6)
4. x/n(n - 6)7. With Rs. 10 it is required to buy 40 stamps in all, of
denominations 10 paise, 40 paise and 120 paise. With at least one stamp of each
denomination included, how many 40 paise stamps will be bought? 1. 4 2. 8
3. 9 4. 258. In climbing each of three towers at the rate of 120
metres per hour, the total time taken is 36 minutes. If the times taken are in the
ratio 3: 4: 5, the height of the highest tower is 1. 15 m 2. 20 m 3. 25
m 4. 30m9. A picture 16 cm ( 24 cm has a frame 1 cm wide. About how many
times is the area of the picture with respect to the area of the frame ? 1.
1.2 2. 4.5 3. 6.5 4. 810. The diameter of the base of a hollow cone
is equal to the diameter of a spherical ball. If the ball is placed at the base of
the cone, what portion of the ball will be outside the cone? 1. 50% 2.
less than 50% 3. more than 50% 4. 100%11. A little girl counted in the
following way the fingers on the left hand. She started by calling the thumb 1, the
index finger 2, the middle finger 3, the ring finger 4, little finger 5, then
reversed the direction calling the ring finger 6, middle finger 7 and so on. She
counted up to 1994. She ended on her 1. thumb 2. index finger 3. middle
finger 4. ring finger
DIRECTIONS Q 12-16: The questions are based on the following:A decimal number is a
number to be base 10.A number 1234 to the base 10 is expressed as 4 ( 100 + 3
( 101 + 2 ( 102 ( 1 ( 103. Similarly, a number to the base a would be expressed as:
(ABCD)a = D ( a0 + C ( a1 + B ( a� + A ( a312. If (11100)2 = (1001)a , a can be:
1. 4 2. 3 3. 5 4. None of the above13. If (1000)4 = (x)8,
x is: 1. 64 2. 100 3. 2000 4. 50014. If (8448)9 � (2112)9 = (y)3,
then y is: 1. 4 2. 16 3. 2 4. 1115. If (1101)2 ( (2202)3 =
(abcd)6, then a + b + c + d = ? 1. 12 2. 11 3. 10 4. 916.
If (1001001)2 + (5546)8 = (z)10, then z is: 1. 2918 2. 2900 3.
2991 4. 3064Directions: These questions are independent of each other.17. A
group of workers was put on a job. From the second day onwards one worker was
withdrawn each day. The work was finished when the last worker was withdrawn. If no
worker was withdrawn at any stage, the group would have finished the job in two-
thirds time. How many workers were there in the group? 1. 2 2. 3
3. 6 4. 1218. Four bells are heard at intervals of 6, 8, 12, and 18
seconds respectively since 12 noon onwards. How many times will they be heard
simultaneously within 6 minutes excluding the one at the start? 1. 5 2. 7
3. 20 4. 3019. What must be the least number of soldiers in a group
such that they can be made to stand in rows of 10, 15 and 25 soldiers and also in a
square? 1. 150 2. 600 3. 900 4. 95020. A cube with edge 3 cm is
painted on all faces. It is then cut into cubes of edge 1 cm. How many of these
small cubes will have paint on only one face? 1. 4 2. 6 3. 8
4. 1021. C1 is a circle of radius r. S1 is the largest square that fits
within C1. Let C2 be the largest circle that fits within S1 and S2 be the largest
square that fits within C2. Then the ratio of the areas of S2 and C1 is 1.
1/2( 2. 1/( 3. 2/( 4. 3/(22. A car covers the distance between two
cities at a speed of 60 km per hour and on the return journey at 40 km per hour.
The average speed in km per hour for the whole journey is: 1. 28 2. 32
3. 48 4. 5023. An engine flywheel rotates at 1800 revolutions per
minute. Fuel is supplied during 20 revolutions of the flywheel. The time in seconds
during which fuel is supplied is 1. 1/135 2. 1/270 3. 1/540 4. 2/324.
Amit and Brajesh walk from X and Y, a distance of 54 km at 10 kmph and 14
kmph respectively. Brajesh reaches Y and immediately turns back meeting A at Z.
What is the distance from X to Z ? 1. 51 km 2. 45 km 3. 39 km 4. 42 km25.
If 17th December 1982 falls on a Saturday, then 22nd September 1984 falls on a
1. Friday 2. Saturday 3. Sunday 4. MondayDIRECTIONS for questions
26 to 28: These questions are based on the situation given below.There are fifty
integers a1, a2,�, a50, not all of them necessarily different. Let the greatest
integer of these 50 integers be referred to as G, and the smallest integer be
referred to as L. The integers a1 to a24 form sequence S1, and the rest form
sequence S2. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each member of S2.26.
All values in S1 are changed in sign, while those in S2 remain unchanged.
Which of the following statements is true?1. Every member of S1 is greater than
every member of S2.2. G is in S1.3. If all numbers originally in S1 and S2 had
the same sign, then after the change of sign, the largest number of S1 and S2 is in
S1.4. None of the above.27. Elements of S1 are in ascending order and elements of
S2 are in descending order. If a24 and a25 are interchanged, then which of the
following is true?1. S1 continues to be in ascending order2. S2 continues to be
in descending order3. S1 continues to be in ascending order and S2 in descending
order4. None of the above28. If each member of S1 has to become greater or equal
to every element of S2 by adding an integer `x� to each element of S1, then �x� is
not less than: 1. 210 2. The smallest value of S2 3. The largest
value of S2 4. G - LDirections Q 29-39: Mark the best choice.29. The interior
angles of polygon are in AP. The smallest angle is 120o and the common difference
is 5. Then the number of sides of the polygon is 1. 18 2. 9 3. 8 4. 12
30. A man arranges to pay off a debt of Rs. 3600 in 40 annual installments that
form an A.P. When 30 of the installments are paid, he dies leaving one-third of the
debt unpaid. Find the value of the first installments. 1. 55 2. 53
3. 51 4. 4931. A mother and a daughter working together can complete
a work in 4 days. But if the mother works alone, she can complete the work in 6
days. Both of them worked for one day and then the mother had to leave. How long
will the daughter take to complete the remaining work? 1. 7 days 2. 8 days
3. 9 days 4. 10 days32. From a square piece of paper having each side
equal to 10 cm., the largest possible circle is cut out. The ratio of the area of
the circle to the area of the original square is closest to1. 4/5 2. 3/5
3. 5/6 4. 6/733. Mrs. X spends Rs. 535 in purchasing some shirts and
ties for her husband. If shirts cost Rs. 43 each and the ties cost Rs. 21 each,
then what is the ratio of the shirts to that of the ties purchased? 1. 1: 2
2. 2: 1 3. 2: 3 4. 3 : 434. If the angles of a triangle are in the
ratio 5: 3: 2, then the triangle could be 1. obtuse 2. acute 3. right 4.
isosceles35. A photograph measures 10 cm by 6 cm. It is to be enlarged so that
the longer dimension becomes 15 cm. The length of the enlarged shorter dimension
will be 1. 7 cm 2. 8 cm 3. 9 cm 4. 12 cm
36. A certain type of wooden board is sold only in lengths of multiples of 25 cm
from 2 to 10 metres. A carpenter needs a large quantity of this type of board in
1.65 metre lengths. For the minimum waste, the length to be purchased should be
1. 3.30 m 2. 6.60 m 3. 8.25 m 4. 9.95 m37. Which the smallest of
the following numbers? 1. (7 2. 1/(7 3. (7 /7 4. 1/738. The
dimensions of a rectangular room, when increased by 4 meters, are in the ratio of 4
: 3, and when decreased by 4 meters, are in the ratio of 2 : 1. The dimensions of
the room are: 1. 6 m and 4 m 2. 12 m and 8 m 3. 16 m and 12 m 4. 24 m and
16 m39. The ratio of the areas of the incircle and the circumcircle of a square
is 1. 1 : 2 2. 1 : 3 3. 1 : 4 4. 1 : 2DIRECTIONS for Q. 40-45: Read the
following information and answer the questions given below.In the new version,
Sholay 2000, Amitabh, Dharmendra, Manmohan, Asrani, Manoj Vajpayee, and Rahul Bose
play the roles of Surma Bhopali, Samba, Thakur, Gabbar Singh, Veeru and Jay, though
not necessarily in that order. All will wear different coloured dresses, i.e.,
black, blue, green, grey, khaki and white.Asrani and Rahul Bose will not play the
roles of Thakur and Samba. Gabbar Singh will wear khaki but his role will not be
played by Manoj Vajpayee or Dharmendra. Amitabh and Manmohan will play the roles of
Samba and Jay though not in that order. The actor dressed in green and Manoj
Vajpayee will play the roles of Veeru and Thakur, though not in that order. The
role of Jay, dressed in white, and Surma Bhopali, dressed in black, will not be
played by Dharmendra, dressed in green, and Manoj Vajpayee, dressed in grey. Rahul
Bose and Manmohan will wear neither the black nor the white dress.40. Dharmendra
plays the role of 1. Thakur 2. Samba 3. Veeru 4. Data inadequate 41. Who
wears the khaki dress? 1. Rahul Bose 2. Asrani 3. Manmohan 4. Data
inadequate 42. The role of Surma Bhopali will be played by 1. Asrani 2.
Rahul Bose 3. Manmohan 4. Data inadequate 43. Who plays the role of Gabbar
Singh? 1. Asrani 2. Rahul Bose 3. Dharmendra 4. Can�t be determined
44. Who wears the green dress? 1. Veeru 2. Thakur 3. Sambha 4. Data
inadequate 45. Which dress does Samba wear? 1. Blue 2. Green 3. Grey
4. Data inadequate
Section IIPassage IModern computers are masters of disguise. They have to be. For
although technological progress is good at making computer hardware quicker,
smaller and cheaper, it often leaves behind the software that made the machines
useful in the first place. Since many people resent having to junk perfectly good
programs when they buy the latest computer, a host of tricks has been developed
over the past few years to stop software becoming redundant. The idea is to get
modern computers to impersonate or emulate older ones, providing the appropriate
environment in which to run old-fashioned software.Emulation, once confined to a
few niches of the computer industry, is now widespread. Indeed, it goes on in the
background inside many computers, bridging the gap between different processors and
operating systems. Intel�s Pentium Pro, Pentium II and new Pentium III chips
contain special hardware to provide backwards compatibility with older processors,
while allowing for improvements in performance. Since 1994, Apple�s Macintosh
computers have contained software to enable them to emulate older models that used
a different microprocessor. And perhaps the best-known example is Sun�s cross-
platform language, Java. It allows software to run on any device capable of
emulating a fictitious computer, called a Java virtual machine, which does not even
physically exist. The simplest sort of software emulator, called an interpreter,
works by looking up each instruction from the foreign program to find out how to
perform the equivalent operation on the host machine. This slow but reliable method
allows, for example, modern PCs to emulate arcade-games machines from the 1980s,
whose microprocessors ran at a fraction of the speed.More sophisticated are just-
in-time compilers, or JITs. After examining each instruction and translating it
into the native format of the system it is running on, JITs keep the translated
code around in case it is needed again. And since most software repeats itself,
small chunks of code are typically run many times in a program -- the chances are
high that the translated code will indeed be re-used. That usually makes a JIT
faster than an interpreter.The power of modern computers, however, means that
cleverer emulators are now being developed. Dynamic recompiling (DR) emulators do
not stop at translating instructions; they go on to analyze how the new code works
and translate the clumsiest bits all over again in order to improve efficiency. One
such emulator was developed by Connectix, a company based in California. The
virtual Game Station (VGS) emulates Sony�s Play Station on a Macintosh personal
computer. Sony, which launched a new Play Station 2, is cross about this. That is
not because VGS might affect sales of consoles, which are sold at a loss, to
encourage people to buy the games. It is, the firm claims, because VGS might not be
up to the job and customers might accordingly get an inferior impression of Sony
games. The American courts have, however, so far ruled in favor of Connectix.
Connectix is a veteran of the emulator business. It also sells a program that
enables a Macintosh to impersonate a PC. But emulation is also encouraging
entrepreneurs to start new companies. That is a sure sign that something
significant, and possibly lucrative, is happening.Two of these start-ups � TeraGen,
and a secretive outfit called Transmeta -- are following the hardware route. They
have adopted a variation of the approach used by Intel to make its new chips faster
while remaining compatible with earlier microprocessors. This involves translating
the intricate instructions favored by earlier chip designers into simpler
rudimentary instructions, called micro-operations, which can be rearranged by the
processor to improve performance. TeraGen�s approach builds on this idea, but
generalizes it so that the company�s custom-built chips can translate instructions
from, and hence emulate, more than one kind of processor at a time.Although
Transmeta has not disclosed its plans, a patent granted to the company in November
1998 suggests that it is also working on a processor based on generalized micro-
operations. In addition, Transmeta�s technology appears to be a hybrid. The
original code is translated using software, while the hardware handles the
housekeeping associated with emulating multiple chips at once, a trick that could
enable computers to don a host of new disguises in future.46. Why does the
author say that modern computers are masters of disguise?1. Because computer
hardware is quicker, smaller and faster2. Many people resent having to junk
perfectly good programs3. Modern computers impersonate or emulate the older ones4.
None of these47. What can be said about the passage?1. it is the continuation of a
similar passage 2. it is not a continuation of another similar passage3. it is
the last part of another bigger passage. 4. none of these48. What does
emulation do?1. it goes on in the background inside many computers2. provides
backwards compatibility with older processes3. bridges the gap between different
processors and operating systems4. all of the above.49. The word �emulate�, as
it is used in the passage, can best be replaced by:1. imitate 2. work well
or better than 3. impersonate 4. disguise50. What is JAVA, according
to the passage? 1. a software program 2. a language that runs on a
fictitious computer3. a tool to make software run on different microprocessors4.
all of the above.51. Why is JIT faster than an interpreter?1. it is a
sophisticated computer.2. it keeps the translated code around in case it is needed
again.3. it translates each instruction and translates it into the native format of
the system.4. none of these52. Why is Sony cross about the VGS developed by
Connectix?1. VGS might affect Sony�s sales.2. VGS might be sold at a loss to
encourage people to buy the games.3. VGS might not be up to the job and customers
may get an inferior impression of Sony games. 4. all of the above.53. What is the
general tone of the above passage?1. informative 2. laudatory 3. sarcastic
4. none of these54. Which of the following statements is not true?1.
Interpreters help to emulate arcade games machines from the 1980s.2. Transmeta is
working on a processor based on generalized micro-operations.3. The VGS developed
by Connectix can be used only on a Macintosh personal computer.4. None of these55.
An ideal title for the passage is:1. Connectix vs Sony 2. Emulation
is the key word 3. All About Modern Compilers 4. None of these
Passage IIThe upwardly mobile couch potato�s dilemma deepens. Just how is he going
to juggle the remote control, the cigarette and the beer mug with only two hands?
He was content watching his prime-time film on Star Movies with an occasional TNT
all these years after cable TV came in. All of a sudden, in the past one year, five
new English movie channels have gone on air.The menu now offers action films on
AXN, family entertainment on Kermit, the best of television films on Hallmark, the
best of Hollywood on HBO, a little bit of everything from Hollywood on Zee Movies,
besides the classics on TNT and a lot more of Hollywood on Star Movies. Star,
Hallmark, Zee Movies and HBO are on 24 hours. AXN shows three movies a day and four
on weekends. TNT (now Turner Classic Movies or TCM after the arrival of HBO) is
available prime time.But why is everybody vying for his time? Doesn�t he belong to
a very small niche of English-programming aficionados? And don�t English
programming channels earn around a third of a mainstream Hindi channel?It may
appear to be a small audience, but Star TV is already being watched by 14 million
households, 2 million of which tune into Star Movies. TCM is available in 10
million homes. Hallmark, which was introduced in June 1999, has a potential
clientele of nearly 6 million homes for its two channels, Hallmark and Kermit. A
year after going on air, AXN TV, distributed by Sony, is estimated to be available
in 12 million homes.L.S. Nayak, Star TV�s senior vice-president, sales and
marketing, anticipates that more players in the market would mean more awareness
and promotion for the entire films category and subsequently many more watchers.
Look at sports television coverage, for instance. In the beginning, there was just
Star Sports besides Doordarshan. Then came ESPN. With relentless advertising and
promotion, the sports audience grew four times. Now Zee is entering the arena. Sai
Nagesh, Contract Advertising�s vice-president, media, finds that with the spread of
literacy, Indians want to look out into the world, and English TV programming is
seen as extremely useful in helping to broaden one�s vision. Movies are high up on
the priority list. Of English programming, movies have viewership ratings second
only to cricket. "Cinema has always been the staple diet of Indians and as English
is the language of the economy, commerce, business and higher education, the number
of English-speaking people has to increase," explains Madhavi Mutatkar, deputy CEO,
Zee Telefilms. "With only 25 per cent of the C and S (cable and satellite) audience
tuning in at prime-time, there�s enough room to attract fresh audiences," adds the
Sony Entertainment Television spokesperson for AXN TV.There are 30 million C and S
homes in India. Over 60 per cent are in urban areas. With a total of nearly 70
million TV-owning homes in India, there�s tremendous potential for further C and S
penetration. Already, against 16 Hindi channels, there are 20 English-programming
channels, of which seven are dedicated to films alone. Revenues for the latter are
fast catching up with the former. English programming attracted over Rs. 300 crore
of advertising in the six-month period of June of December �99. Of this, Star
Movies got over Rs. 50 crore. Its earnings have grown four-fold over the past six
years. TNT got over Rs 25 crore and AXN TV Rs 14 crore. Kermit and Zee movies are
just beginning to invite advertisers while Hallmark and HBO aren�t entertaining any
yet. Advertising on English language channels is expected to grow by at least 25
per cent this financial year. English movie channels will earn close to Rs.175
crore by industry projections.Star has probably broken the psychological barrier of
becoming the country�s first pay channel and today the market is set for others to
develop dual advertising revenues. HBO and TMC come as a package at Rs.8 per month
per subscriber as does Star Movies. AXN charges an average of Rs.4; Hallmark and
Kermit are also pay channels. Zee Movies is going to go pay soon.Everybody in the
business is gung-ho about pushing every English-speaking viewer to stop by. For
one, every channel has a strong USP that is now going to be hammered into the
consumer psyche. Star Movies has exclusive tie-ups with leading studios in the US,
including MGM, Walt Disney and Touchstone, to give the best of Hollywood Movies. It
has been doing "considerable" advertising on its own channels.56. According to
the passage, how many English programming channels are dedicated to films alone?1.
20 2. 11 3. 7 4. 657. Which of the following is number one in the
English programming viewership ratings?1. Movies 2. News 3. Serials 4.
Cricket58. Of the channels mentioned in the above passage, how many are 24-hour
channels?1. 4 2. 5 3. 3 4. 659. Why has there been a huge increase in the
viewership of English programming channels?1. these channels are cheaper than the
Hindi 24-hour channels2. these channels are extremely useful in helping to broaden
one�s vision3. the best of Hollywood movies are shown only on these channels4. all
of the above.60. The word closest in meaning to "aficionados" is:1. the elite
2. media persons 3. devoted followers 4. none of these61. Which of the
following statements is/are true?1. Zee movies is not a pay channel2. Star movies�
earnings have grown by four times in the past 6 years3. Zee is planning to launch
an exclusive sports channel soon4. all of the above62. Which of the following
explains the fact that TV channels are targeting a very small niche of English
programming viewers?1. they are the affluent viewers who are attractive to
advertisers2. the strategy is based on the assumption that the market will grow in
the future3. with increasing literacy, people like to watch English movies.4. it is
a status symbol and a high profile market that channels would like to tap63. Out of
the 70 million TV-owning homes in India, approximately what proportion are C and S
homes in rural areas?1. 17% 2. 33% 3. 60% 4. 50%Passage IIIDuring the
scientific revolution of the 17th century, scientists were largely men of private
means who pursued their interest in natural philosophy for their own edification.
Only in the past century or two has it become possible to make a living from
investigating the workings of nature. Modern science was, in other words, built on
the work of amateurs. Today, science is an increasingly specialized and
compartmentalized subject, the domain of experts who know more and more about less
and less. Perhaps surprisingly, however, amateurs -- even those without private
means -- are still important.A straw poll carried out at a meeting of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science by astronomer Richard Tresch Fienberg
found that, in addition to his field of astronomy, amateurs are actively involved
in such fields as acoustics, horticulture, ornithology, meteorology, hydrology and
paleontology. Far from being crackpots, amateur scientists are often in close touch
with professionals, some of whom rely heavily on their co-operation.Admittedly,
some fields are more open to amateurs than others. Anything that requires expensive
equipment, such as experimental particle physics, is clearly a no-go area. And some
kinds of research can be dangerous: most amateur chemists, jokes Dr Fienberg, are
either locked up or have blown themselves to bits. But amateurs can make valuable
contributions in some unlikely areas. At the "High-Energy Astrophysics Workshop for
Amateurs", held in Huntsville, Alabama, it was shown that observations of gamma-ray
bursters, currently some of the sexiest objects in astrophysics, have recently
proved to be within the grasp of advanced amateur astronomers.Meanwhile, scientists
in other disciplines are also relying on amateurs to gather data, collect specimens
and help make new discoveries. Several groups have emerged to foster co-operation
between professionals and amateurs in fields from rocketry to paleontology. And the
rise of the Internet has made it easier than ever before to forge such links,
collect data and distribute results.Exactly which field of study has benefited most
from the contributions of amateurs is a matter of some dispute. Dr. Fienberg, who
is also publisher of the magazine Sky and Telescope, makes a strong case for
astronomy. There is, he points out, a long tradition of collaboration between
amateur and professional skywatchers. Numerous comets, asteroids and even the
planet Uranus were discovered by amateurs. Today, in addition to comet and asteroid
spotting, amateurs continue to do valuable work observing the brightness of
variable stars, and detecting novae ("new" stars) in the Milky Way and supernovae
in other galaxies. Amateur observers are helpful, says Dr Fienberg, because there
are so many of them (they far outnumber professionals) and because they are
distributed all over the world. This makes special kinds of observations possible:
if several observers around the world accurately record the time when a star is
"occulted" (that is, eclipsed) by an asteroid, for example, it is possible to
derive useful information about that asteroid�s shape.In recent years, new
technology has closed the gap between amateur and professional astronomers. The use
of charge-coupled devices and computer-controlled motorized telescopes enables
amateurs to capture images of far fainter objects than ever before. Warren Offutt,
a retired engineer, is doing valuable work observing extremely faint trans-
Neptunian objects -- small, icy bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune. With such
objects, and with asteroids, several observations are required in order to pin down
an accurate orbit. Observing-time on the large telescopes used by professionals is
strictly rationed, so amateurs have stepped in to fill
the gap. And with gamma-ray bursters, which flare up and die away quickly within a
few hours, amateurs have the advantage of being able to respond faster than
professional astronomers who have to book telescope time far in advance.Another
field in which amateurs have traditionally played an important role is
paleontology. Adrian Hunt, a paleontologist at Mesa Technical College in New
Mexico, insists that his is the field in which amateurs have made the biggest
contribution. Despite the development of high-tech equipment, he says, the best
sensors for finding fossils are human eyes - lots of them. So, like many
paleontologists, Dr Hunt depends on the assistance provided by amateurs. Finding
volunteers to look for fossils is not difficult, he says, because of the near-
universal interest in anything to do with dinosaurs. As well as helping with his
research, he adds, volunteers learn about science, a process he calls "recreational
education".Rick Bonney of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology in Ithaca, New
York, contends that amateurs have contributed the most in his field. There are, he
notes, thought to be as many as 60 million birdwatchers in America alone. Given
their huge numbers, and the wide geographical coverage they provide, Mr. Bonney has
enlisted thousands of amateurs in a number of research projects. Over the past few
years, their observations have uncovered previously unknown trends and cycles in
bird migrations and revealed declines in the breeding populations of several
species of migratory birds, prompting a habitat conservation programme.Mr. Bonney
began collaborating with amateurs primarily for educational reasons. All
participants in his programs are sent literature explaining the hypothesis behind
each experiment, and how their observations are used to test it -- thus emphasizing
the mechanism of scientific inquiry. But despite its genesis as a solely
educational project, Mr. Bonney�s work with amateurs has resulted in "real"
science, in the sense that it has led to several articles published in refereed
journals. Such projects, he says, do more than simply teach science and produce new
results: they can also help to improve the public image of scientists.Whatever the
field of study, collaboration between amateurs and professionals is not without its
difficulties. Not everyone, for example, is happy with the term "amateur". Dr Hunt
says he prefers "avocationalist", while Mr. Bonney has coined the term "citizen
scientist" because he felt that other words, such as "volunteer", sounded
disparaging. A more serious problem is the question of how professionals can best
acknowledge the contributions made by amateurs. Dr Fienberg says that some amateur
astronomers are happy to provide their observations, but grumble about not being
reimbursed for computer disks and tapes, or postal charges. Others feel let down
when their observations are used in scientific papers, but they are not listed as
co-authors. And Dr. Hunt says some amateur paleontologists are disappointed when
told that they cannot take finds home with them.These are legitimate concerns, but
none seems insurmountable. Provided amateurs and professionals agree the terms on
which they will work together beforehand, there is no reason why co-operation
between the two groups should not flourish. Last year Shawn Carlson, founder of the
Society for Amateur Scientists, won a MacArthur Foundation award worth $290,000 in
recognition of his work in promoting such co-operation. He says that one of the
main benefits of the prize (apart from the funds to keep his organization going),
is the endorsement it has given to the contributions of amateur scientists, which
has done much to silence critics among those professionals who believe science
should remain their exclusive preserve.At the moment, says Dr. Carlson, the society
is involved in several schemes, including an innovative rocket-design project and
the setting up of a network of observers who will search for evidence of a link
between low frequency radiation and earthquakes. The amateurs, he says, provide
enthusiasm and talent, while the professionals provide guidance "so that anything
they do discover will be taken seriously". Having laid the foundations of science,
amateurs still have much to contribute to its ever-expanding edifice.64. The
passage mentions some sciences, which are given below. Match the term with what it
studies:I. meteorology a. water II. ornithology b. fossilsIII. hydrology
c. birds IV. paleontology d. earth�s atmosphere1. I-d, II-a, III-b, IV-c
2. I-a, II-b, III-c, IV-d 3. I-b, II-c, III-a, IV-d 4. I-d, II-c, III-
a, IV-b65. It can be inferred that the use of the Internet has helped the cause of
science by:1. making it easy for amateur and professional scientists to communicate
with each other2. encouraging cooperation between professionals and amateurs3.
making it easier to exchange scientific information 4. all of the
above66. According to the passage, which field has benefited most from the work
of amateurs?1. astronomy 2. paleontology 3. ornithology 4. none of the
above67. What is the advantage of amateurs in the field of astronomy?1. amateurs
can respond faster and view events in outer space that professionals might miss2.
amateurs keep looking at the skies while professionals do not3. amateurs do not
worry about costs while professionals have to rent out telescope time4. amateurs
have the speed and the skill to study events in outer space68. Which of the
following would be the best meaning of the phrase, "recreational education".1. One
learns while one plays2. One learns while looking for dinosaur fossils3. Volunteers
learn about science while they are pursuing a hobby4. None of these69. Which of the
following would be the most accurate statement of the reason that led to the
habitat conservation programme?1. Mr. Bonney�s enlistment of thousands of amateurs
in a number of research projects2. observations that pointed to declines in
breeding populations of several species3. studies of cycles in bird migrations4.
observations of as many as 60 million birdwatchers in America70. The passage
mentions that working with amateurs can also help to improve the public image of
scientists. It can be inferred that this could happen because of which of the
following?1. others begin to understand the work of scientists and thus begin to
appreciate it2. it involves amateurs in real science projects3. amateurs are happy
working with professional scientists4. such projects bring the public into the
domain of scientists71. What are the difficulties faced during the collaboration
between amateur and professional scientists?I. there is a problem with the terms
"amateur" and "volunteers"II. they are not given due credit in scientific papers
III. they want to be paid for their work1. I only 2. I and III 3. I and II
4. I, II and III72. The author is of the opinion that:1. collaborations
between amateur and professional scientists could increase in the future2. there is
no role for amateurs in modern science3. the most important contributions of
amateurs have been in the field of astronomy4. amateurs do not mind not being
reimbursed for computer disks and tapes73. Which of the following statements
are true with reference to the passage?I. Amateurs do not have much to contribute
in the study of gamma ray burstersII. Amateur scientists have either been locked up
or blown themselves to bitsIII. A research project providing a link between low
frequency radiation and earthquakes is in the offing1. I only 2. II only 3. III
only 4. I, II and III74. Where is the passage most likely to have been
published?1. a general interest magazine 2. a newspaper3. a magazine for amateur
scientists 4. a scientific journal75. What could be the best title for the
passage?1. In praise of amateurs 2. The role of amateurs in modern science
3. The importance of amateur scientists 4. A partnership between amateurs and
professionalsPassage IVOur body is like a machine. It has its control equipment
like the mind, heart, brain, intellect, ego, the five senses and a lot of other
functional devices. It does not come alive on its own. It needs to be powered to
make it a thinking, feeling, reasoning, discriminating, moving self-driven being.
That power is the self, a part and parcel of God, the supreme universal
consciousness. The body without self is dead matter.The individual self, a fragment
of the Divine Supreme, is an immaterial, imperishable, indescribable entity. It has
neither a beginning nor an end. The individual self, being God Himself, becomes, in
reality, the central point of our existence. To negate the self is to negate the
principle of life itself. Therefore, to ignore it is to insult our own existence.
Nevertheless, this fundamental theme of life seems to have been lost sight of in
the modern techno-scientific context of our daily lives. Ever since Sir Newton saw
the falling apple and propounded the theory of gravitation, science has been
engaging our attention and intelligence on development and exploitation of material
energy for its enjoyment. Nothing has ever changed our economy and lifestyles as
much as science and technology have. We have been constantly researching and
improving upon the consumption of natural resources so much so that its vision of
ideal life is blinded in the myopia of materialism.Today, it is no wonder that we
all feel amidst material plentitude, a sense of sorrow, loneliness, and
helplessness deep within us. According to Sankhyan philosophy, the prakriti, the
"matter envelopment" and purusha, the spirit-factor, both, in their embrace,
express as the world of plurality. Once the individual understands the distinction
between prakriti and purusha, matter and spirit, he will indeed realize that the
spirit
identifying with matter is the cause of all sufferings.Dr Deepak Chopra wrote,
"Each one of us here is to discover our own true self, to find out on our own that
self is spiritual, that essentially we are spiritual beings that have taken
manifestation in physical form". Truly, therefore, joyfulness is a spiritual
experience. To realize true happiness, one needs to recognize that spiritual
energy, the eternal, fully cognizant, joyful personality we worship as God.
Scriptures explain that God is the wisdom of the wise, the intelligence of the
intelligent, the knowledge of the seeker, the kindness of the kind, the love of the
loving, the truth of the truthful, and, in fact, a mighty, positive force. Awaken
to this inner consciousness, and you begin to experience mental equipoise return to
you, suffusing your entire being with a new sense of well-being.The realization
begins to implode with meaning, and an awareness of life in all its depth and
intricacy. The unbridled craze for material achievements tends to lose its
momentum, giving way to a new understanding of the universe, the purpose of our
existence and its ultimate goal. We begin to see ourselves as beings more sublime,
subtler, and more substantive, now reaching beyond the confines of our narrow self-
image in an effort of self-transcendence.Spiritual awareness is the super sensory
process of the introduction of an individual to his own self, to knowing what he is
and what he really ought to be. First and foremost, he would feel the need to
evolve physically, mentally, emotionally, and intellectually, into the future, and
become an enlightened person.Innumerable possibilities open up with this new found
inner energy for the individual to striking a balance between his material
ambitions and spiritual needs so as to enable him to discover his own contentment
level and thereby, peace and happiness springs, not from without but from within,
flowing outward on to the heart and mind, not only of one�s dear and near but the
entire humanity.76. According to the passage, the control equipment comes alive
only when:1. it gets the power from God to make it a thinking, feeling, reasoning,
discriminating, moving, self-driven being.2. it is powered to make it a thinking,
feeling, reasoning, discriminating, moving, self-driven being.3. it becomes the
central point of our existence.4. none of the above.77. The passage says that
science has led us away from the fundamental theme of life by:1. consuming natural
resources 2. making us myopic3. development of material energy 4. exploitation of
energy for its enjoyment78. According to Sankhyan philosophy:1. the matter and
the spirit factor both embrace us2. the spirit and matter envelopment is the cause
of all suffering3. we feel loneliness within us until we change4. none of the above
79. Why do we worship God, according to the author?1. to realize true happiness
2. to become better human beings3. to realize that we are spiritual beings
4. to feel at peace with the world80. According to the passage,
scriptures explain that God is:I. wise II. kind III. omniscient1. I only
2. I and II only 3. I, II and III 4. I and III only81. The author says
that once we realize God, we:1. become kind 2. become enthusiastic 3. become
sublime 4. transcend the self82. The central theme of the article is:1. we
are moving away from spiritualism 2. we should move from materialism to
spiritualism3. we should put our body and soul together 4. difficult to say83.
The fountain of true happiness begins, according to the author, from1. within
2. outside 3. God 4. spiritualismPassage VA third law seems to be
operating along with the laws of supply and demand, and that is the Law of Right
Principles. Never has it been more profitable to be good, as sales graphs are
linking back directly to the values a corporation professes and lives up to. In
this decade of consumer activism, a call for greater transparency in operations,
and increased media coverage, has ensured that beyond advertising and marketing,
brands are increasingly likely to face value audits from intelligent and informed
consumers.Beyond corporations, this applies to countries as well. Four years ago,
there was a call for the boycott of French products after France experimented with
nuclear testing off the Pacific. A series of commercials sponsored by Greenpeace
asked for boycotts. One that I remember distinctly featured a beautiful shot of
rich red Beaujolais being poured into a perfect cut-glass goblet. A glamorous woman
gargled the wine in true wine tasting tradition and then, just when you expected
her to sip, spat it right back into the glass. The commercial closed on a voice
urging people to boycott French products.The tobacco industry is facing the
consequences of decades of dishonesty with its consumers. It doesn�t matter that
tobacco companies have sponsored sports, supported the arts, and community events.
In 1996, the tobacco industry spent $ 5 billion on lifestyle advertising,
communication and event marketing across brands in the US alone. It didn�t work for
the industry. They still lost to the anti-tobacco lobby because they had built
their profits on �cancer money�, as one activist put it. Nike is another case in
point. The shoe manufacturer, who defined the jogging track of the 1980s, created
some phenomenal advertising in its category. It opened up the women�s market,
elevating jogging and running to an empowering communication with the self and the
cosmos. Then came media reports that Nike was operating sweatshops in Thailand and
exploiting women workers in Vietnam. You will agree that it isn�t possible to
celebrate the spirit of the empowered woman in California by exploiting the
deprived woman in Vietnam. Dichotomy-savvy consumers responded quickly. College
students in the US protested against Nike�s policies in Thailand; and women
campaigned against Nike�s exploitation of laborers in Vietnam.Anita Roddick�s Body
Shop, on the other hand, is an interesting case study in balancing profits and
principles and making them work in tandem. The woman who has damned the beauty
industry for being too controlled by men, who has campaigned vigorously and
successfully against animal testing in the cosmetic industry, and has spoken out
loudly against multinationals, the World Bank, the IMF and their policies in
developing countries, has managed to stick by her principles and make Body Shop a
650-million skin and hair care company, with over 87 million recorded �consumer
transactions� in the last year.The Body Shop is now among the world�s most
recognized brand names as women across the world buy into its principles of
ecologically sustainable business as quickly as they are buying its blue corn
facemasks and banana shampoos. Packaged in recyclable, refillable plastic bottles,
Ms. Roddick does not have a marketing department and does not believe in
advertising only but in campaigning for issues that are socially relevant. She uses
the Body Shop franchise as a giant advertisingscape to communicate her brand of
ecofeminism. "Every week ten million people walk past our windows and two million
enter our shops. What better way of reaching them and raising consciousness," she
asks. Shop windows and shop floors have been used to campaign against images of
anorexic women perpetuated by the media, against the burning the Brazilian
rainforest and for Amnesty, Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth and the Ogoni
tribesmen of Nigeria, among other causes. That has done more to raise the profile
of the company and ensure loyal consumers than a multi-million advertising campaign
would have.There have been murmurs of green consumerism against the Body Shop but
there have also been numerous UN and government environment awards and
international business awards for the UK-based Roddick. Which serves to illustrate
that business houses do have the potential to be a major force in social and
environmental change. It also illustrates the fact that you can never be too rich
or too principled.84. Why are brands increasingly likely to face value audits?I.
because this is the age of consumerismII. there is a call for greater transparency
III. because of increased media coverage1. I and II 2. I and III 3. II and
III 4. I, II and III85. By value audit, what would be measured, by inference
from what is stated in the passage?1. what the company says and does 2. whether the
company lives up to its belief system3. whether their principles and practices
agree4. whether the company is honest86. The example of the Body Shop is given to
show that:1. you can never be too rich or too principled2. companies can make
profits even by being principled3. how companies exploit green consumerism4.
companies have the potential to be a major force in social change87. What does
the author mean by "dichotomy-savvy consumers"?1. people who understood what Nike
was doing 2. people who boycott exploiting companies3. people who are shrewd
4. people who can see through contradictions88. The central theme of the
passage is:1. companies must not exploit people 2. sticking to values pays3. to
show the contrast between Nike and Body Shop4. companies can influence social and
environmental change89. The example of the French nuclear testing is:1. central to
the argument of the passage 2. irrelevant to the argument of the passage3. helps
the argument of the passage obliquely 4. none of the above90. An appropriate
title for the passage would be:1. The Law of Right Principles 2. The Third Law
of Principles3. Principles and Profits 4. Too rich or too principled?91.
The author mentions the fact that the tobacco industry spent $5 billion on
lifestyles advertising. This is mentioned to show:1. advertising does not work
2. it was dishonest advertising3. advertising
cannot work if something is fundamentally wrong 4. none of the above92. The
author of the article is most article is most likely to be a:1. philosopher
2. person dealing in ethics and principles3. advertising professional
4. media counselorDirections for questions 93 to 97: Select the best way of
rewriting the sentence.93. In Martin Amis� new novel, the narrator is trapped --
and hurtling towards a terrible secret. Its resolution, and the dreadful
revelations it brings, combine to give us a picture of excruciation.1. ally to give
an excruciating vision of guilt. 2. to us give a vivid picture of guilt.3. is a
painful picture of a guilt-ridden world. 4. does not really solve all the
questions in the narrator�s mind.94. How many times have I asked myself: when
is the world going to start to make sense? There is a monster out there, and it is
rushing towards me over the uneven ground of consciousness.1. There is a monster
out there 2. It is as if the world is on my shoulders 3. The answer is out there
somewhere 4. There is a sea of sensibility in me.95. Contemplating how to
exist with an insatiable romantic temperament, he was the author and largely the
subject of a number of memorable novels.1. Contemplating whether to exist 2.
Combining realistic detail3. Miscegenating a brilliant mind4. Aware that he had
been born96. In a penetrating study, CBS-TV focuses on those people without
hope, whose bodies are watched out for by welfare aid, but whose spirit is often
neglected by a disinterested society.1. whose bodies are cared for by welfare aid
2. who do not have enough to eat3. whose hopelessness may be alleviated
4. who may be physically satiated97. The Rumanians may be restive under
Soviet direction -- but they are bound to Moscow by strategic ropes.1. they are
tied to Moscow by ideological and military links.2. they are preparing for a great
revolution.3. secretly they rather enjoy the prestige of being protected by the
mighty Soviets.4. there is nothing they can do about it.Directions for questions 98
to 106: In the following questions, each sentence has been divided into four parts,
marked a, b, c and d. Identify that part of the sentence which needs to be changed
for the sentence to be grammatically correct.98. 1. The Bombay police have
found 2. the body of a man 3. who they believe to be 4. the prime
suspect in the murder case.99. 1. In the forthcoming elections 2. every man
and woman3. must vote for the candidate 4. of their choice.100. 1. Almost
all school teachers insist that 2. a student�s mother3. is responsible for the
student�s conduct 4. as well as his dressing.101. 1. It is essential that
diseases like tuberculosis 2. are detected and treated3. as early as possible in
order to 4. assure a successful cure.102. 1. If one has to decide 2.
about the choice of a career3. you should choose that option 4. which is really
beneficial.103. 1. The two political classics in this book 2. are the product
of 3. a time of intense turmoil 4. in Chinese history.104. 1. Some people
aver that 2. beauty pageants is an example of 3. the commodification of
women, 4. and others say it isn�t.105. 1. An army may be 2.
robbed of their spirit 3. and its commander 4. deprived of his
confidence.106. 1. Butterscotch has 2. crispies in it, 3. and is more
better 4. than vanilla.Directions for questions 107 to 115: Complete the
sentence with the most appropriate pair of words from the given choices.107. That
brings us back to the multitude of sops offered by the party. The biggest package
of _____ cannot help a party that, on its own admission, is not in the _____
reckoning for the top job.1. orgy, soiree 2. sinecure, primacy 3. largesse,
reckoning 4. inducement, vignette 108. Heroic purpose can _____ to the desire
for leisure, leisure can lead to a _____ for amorous delights.1. give, governing
2. yield, yearning 3. follow, craving 4. run, failing109. The
_____ scope of social ambitions represented by the shepherd�s deliberate withdrawal
from the court finds an _____ in the similarly contracted scope of Erminia�s love.
1. contradiction, anathema 2. contraction, analogue 3. contempt,
animation 4. contemplation, antiphon110. The first is _____, it may
reappear when the process of history works itself out of the _____ of the Iron Age.
1. cyclical, baseness 2. cynosural, guild 3. collateral, depth 4. coptic,
darkness111. As _____ do not write pastoral poetry, children do not write in
_____ of childhood.1. poets, poems 2. rustics, law 3. shepherds, praise 4.
lawyers, dispraise112. I have grappled with _____, known free-weather friends and
experienced the terrors of _____.1. minimalism, incertitude2. anguish, solitude
3. sedition, ignominy 4. obsession, gentry113. In many cases, the
Viking attacks broke up large-scale monastic estates; and in the tenth century
_____ seigneuries were founded on what had once been _____ lands.1. lay, episcopal
2. lay, pious 3. common, Episcopalian 4. marital, rump114. _____ has
completely ______ the real purpose behind our Republic Day and Independence Day
celebrations.1. provenance, obliterated 2. ostracism, averted 3. ordure,
annihilated 4. ostentation, marginalized 115. These conversi, as they were
called, sometimes were _____ in great numbers, ____ the Cisterians by three or
four.1. recruited, outnumbering 2. sent, cancelled 3. defeated,
canceling 4. called, exceededDirections for questions 116 to 120: Pick the
odd one out.116. 1. quell 2. ruffle 3. allay 4. pacify117. 1. couple
2. sever 3. rend 4. lacerate118. 1. eulogy 2. panegyric 3.
ignominy 4. glorification119. 1. cease 2. launch 3. initiate 4.
commence120. 1. adroit 2. adept 3. dexterous 4. awkwardSections III
Directions for questions 121 to 125: Study the information below and answer the
questions based on it.A leading socialite decided to organise a dinner and invited
a few of her friends. Only the host and the hostess were sitting at the opposite
ends of a rectangular table, with three persons along each side. The pre-requisite
for the seating arrangement was that each person must be seated such that atleast
on one side it has a person of the opposite sex. Maqbool is opposite to Shobha, who
is not the hostess. Ratan has a woman on his right and is sitting opposite a woman.
Monisha is sitting to the hostess�s right, next to Dhirubhai. One person is seated
between Madhuri and Urmila, who is not the hostess. The men were Maqbool, Ratan,
Dhirubhai and Jackie, while the women were Madhuri, Urmila, Shobha and Monisha.121.
The eighth person present, Jackie, must be: I. the host II.
seated to Shobha�s right III. seated opposite Urmila 1. I only
2. III only 3. I and II only 4. II and III only122. Which
of the following persons is definitely not seated next to a person of the same sex?
1. Maqbool 2. Madhuri 3. Jackie 4. Shobha123. If
Ratan would have exchanged seats with a person four places to his left, which of
the following would have been true after the exchange?I. No one was seated between
two persons of the opposite sex. (e.g. no man was seated between two women)II. One
side of the table consisted entirely of persons of the same sex.III. Either the
host or the hostess changed seats. 1. I only 2. II only 3. I and II
only 4. II and III only124. If each person is placed directly opposite to
his or her spouse, which of the following pairs must be married?1. Ratan and
Monisha 2. Madhuri and Dhirubhai
3. Urmila and Jackie 4. Ratan and Madhuri125. If
each person is placed directly opposite to his or her spouse, then who is the
hostess ? 1. Madhuri 2. Shobha 3. Urmila 4. Monisha#Directions for questions
126 to 130: In these questions, choose one of the figures labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4
which best represents the relationship among the items given.#1.
2. ##3. 4. 126. Mangoes, Apples, Fruits
127. Coffee, Tea, Beverages128. Musicians, Men, Women129. Parrots, Birds,
Mice130. Fish, Herring, Animals living in water.Directions for questions 131 to
135: For these questions, what is the missing element in the sequence represented
by the question mark?131. 1, 1, 2, 6, 24, ?, 720 1. 100 2. 104
3. 108 4. 120132. 2, 12, 30, 56, ?, 132, 182 1. 116 2. 76 3. 90
4. 86133. 625, 5, 125, 25, 25, ?, 5 1. 125 2. 5 3. 25 4. 625
134. P3C, R5F, T8I, V12L,? 1. Y17O 2. X17M 3. X17O 4. X16O135. A, G,
L, P, S, ? 1. X 2. Y 3. W 4. U136. In a certain code, EASE is written as
GUCG. How is CUT written in that code? 1. UWE 2. VWE 3. EWU 4. CWF
137. If BRIDGE is written as EULGJH in a certain code, how will FRUIT be written
in that code? 1. IUXLW 2. IVLXW 3. IUWXL 4. IUXVT138. In a certain
code language, �134� means �Good and Tasty�, �478� means �see good pictures� and
�729� means �pictures are faint�. Which of the following numerical symbols stands
for �see�? 1. 1 2. 2 3. 7 4. 8139. In a certain code, CAT is written as SATC
and DEAR is written as SEARD. How would SING be written in that code? 1. GNISS
2. SINGS 3. SGNIS 4. BGINS140. If the code of ABCDEF is ZYXWVU,
then what is the code for PASS? 1. KZHH 2. KHZZ 3. KMHH 4. WZHH141.
At an enquiry office at a railway station, a passenger was told �A train for
Delhi has left 15 minutes ago, but after every 45 minutes a train leaves for Delhi.
The next train will leave at 8.30 pm�. At what time was this information given to
the passenger? 1. 7.45 pm 2. 8.00 pm 3. 8.15 pm 4. 8.05 pm142. Five newly-
born babies were weighed by the doctor. In her report, she stated that child A is
lighter than child B. Child C is lighter than child D. Child B is lighter than
child D, but heavier than child E. Which child is the heaviest? 1. E 2. D 3. C
4. A
143. How many triangles are there in the following diagram of a 5-cornered star?#
1. 6 2. 10 3. 12 4. 14144. Three views of a cube are given
below:### 2 4 1 3
4 1 2 5 6 Which number is opposite to
the face 4? 1. 5 2. 3 3. 6 4. 2145. Log 216(6 to the base 6 is 1. 3
2. 3/2 3. 7/2 4. None of these146.
Three numbers are in G.P. Their sum is 28 and product is 512. The numbers are
1. 6, 9 and 13 2. 4, 8 and 16 3. 2, 8 and 18 4. 2, 6 and 18147.
A positive integer is said to be a prime it is not divisible by any positive
integer other than itself and one. Let p be a prime number strictly greater than 3.
Then, when p2 + 17 is divided by 12, the remainder is: 1. 6 2. 1
3. 0 4. 8148. A train without stopping travels at 60 km
per hour and with stoppages at 40 km per hour. What is the time taken for stoppages
on a route of 300 km? 1. 100 hours 2. 20 hours 3. 5 hours
4. 2.5 hours149. Amit and Bhairav can cut 5 kg of wood in 20 min. Bhairav
and Chirag can cut 5 kg of wood in 40 min. Chirag and Amit can cut 5 kg of wood in
30 min. How much time Chirag will take to cut 5 kg of wood alone ? 1. 120
minutes 2. 48 minutes 3. 240 minutes 4. 240/7 minutes
150. A man bought 19 erasers for Rs. 10. He paid 20 paise more for each white
eraser than for each brown eraser. What could be the price of a white eraser and
how many white erasers could he have bought? 1. 60 paise, 8 2. 60 paise,
12 3. 50 paise, 8 4. 50 paise, 10Directions for questions 151 to
160: In these questions, two statements are given, followed by two inferences A and
B. Assume the statements to be true, mark your answer as:1. If only inference A
follows. 2. If only inference B follows.3. If both A and B follow. 4. If
neither A nor B follows.151. All mothers are aunts. All aunts are ladies.
So, A: All mothers are ladies. B: All aunts are mothers.152. Some doctors
are fools. Some fools are rich. So, A: Some doctors are rich. B: Some rich
are doctors.153. All goats are cows. Some goats are lambs. So, A: All goats are
lambs. B: Some lambs are cows.154. All pedestrians are poor. All poor
are honest. So, A: All honest are pedestrians. B: All pedestrians are
honest.155. All rings are wings. All wings are kings. So, A: All rings are kings.
B: All kings are rings.156. Some books are hooks. All books are fish. So,A:
Some hooks are fish. B: Some fish are hooks.157. All pens are guns. All
guns are inkpots. So, A: All pens are inkpots. B: All inkpots are pens.
158. All P�s are Q�s. All Q�s are R�s. So, A: All P�s are R�s
B: All R�s are P�s 159. Some swords are sharp. All swords are
rusty. So, A: Some rusty things are sharp. B: Some rusty things are not sharp.
160. All liquor is water. No water is bitter. So, A: No liquor is bitter.
B: No bitter thing is liquor.#Log on to # HYPERLINK
"http://www.manyagroup.com" ##www.manyagroup.com#MANYA CATMANYA CAT
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
####################################################`###a###n###t###�###�###V
##y ##� ##� ##� ##� ##� ##� ##`
##e
##o
##p
##################&###O#########�###�###������ȷ������������������ք{�rjfj[####

j##��#h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F####h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#5#�CJ##aJ####h#bo#5#�CJ##aJ####h
.L�#5#�CJ##aJ####hJ###5#�\#�]#�aJ<#mH #sH ###h�9�#5#�\#�]#�aJ<#mH #sH
###h.L�#5#�\#�]#�aJ<#mH #sH #!#h�@�##h.L�#5#�\#�]#�aJ<#mH #sH
###h�=##5#�\#�]#�aJ<#mH #sH #
#h<#F#CJ### #h<#F#5#� #h #�#5#� #h�#�#5#�

#hT###5#�##j#####h�#�#5#�U##mH##nH##u############################################`#
##a###~######�###�###�###�###S ##T ##z ##| ##� ##� ##r
##s
##�
##�############�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
###############$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$#gd.L�######$#a$#gd.L�##########$#a$#######��##,
�##9�##E�##����####################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
#####�
##�
##################$###%###&###O###P###�####
###
##�
########N##�##�
##z###�###�###�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�############�
############�############�############�################## ###$#�##�#�!#a$####$#
�###�#@#�# #####a$##
###$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$######$#a$#gd.L�######$#a$#########gd.L�######$#a$#gd.L�###�
###+###R###S###�###########�###�###�###�###�###�###e###�###�###E###}###~###�###�###
�###7###c###�###�#######�############�############�############�############�######
######�############�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�###################$#a$####$#�###�#@#�# #####a$##
###$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$###�###�###�###�###
###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###
�###�###################
###
###########################-
###.###8###9######�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�#######
######################
###h###i###r###s###y###{###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###
###########�����������������������������������������������������������������������
��������#####h<#F#CJ##H*#aJ####h<#F#CJ##H*#aJ###

j##��#h<#F#CJ##aJ#####hU�#5#�CJ##aJ####h<#F#5#�CJ##aJ####h<#F#CJ##aJ##O########F#
##q###r###�###�###�###�###�###�###9###W###X###�###�###�###�###�#######8###9########
#######�###�###�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�###############
###$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$####$#�###�#@#�#
#####a$######$#a$###�###�###s###�###�###m###�###�###G###f###g#######<###=###�###(##
#)###~###�###�#### ##Q!##R!##�!
###"##�############�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�##################$#
�###�#@#�# ######��#^��#a$####$#�###�#@#�# #####a$##
###$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$######$#a$###########>###?
###a###b###h###i###u###v###~######�###�###�###�###3###5###`###b###�###�###�###%
##& ##) ##* ##/ ##1 ##� ##� ##� ##� ##Q!##R!
##�"##�"##################�####$##�$##�$##�$##�$##�$###%###%##\%##]%##�%##�
%##�&##�&##�'##�'##�(##�(##�)##�)##Q*##R*###+###+##l,##m,##u,##v,##|,##},###.##����
�����������������������������������������������������������������#

j##��#h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h#bo#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#5#�CJ##aJ####h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#CJ##H*
#aJ###

j##p�#h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#CJ##H*#aJ###H#"###"##�"##�"##�"##P###z##
#�###�###�####$##�$##�$##�$##�$###%###%##�%##�%##�
%##�&##�&##�&##�'##�'##�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
########$#�###�#@#�# #####a$##
###$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$######$#a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
######��#^��#a$###�'##�'##�(##�(##�(##�)##�)##�)##$*##Q*##R*##�*###+## ,##5,##6,##g
,##�,##�,##F-##�-##�-##�-
###.###.##a.##</##�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�#################$#�###�#@#�# #####a$##
###$##��##�0�^��#`�0�a$######$#a$####.###.##�3##�3##/4##94##:4##<4##F4##G4###N##/N#
#�e##�e##C##ƒ# #####I#�
### ##J�##�##�##c�##d�##d�##e�##H�##S�##c##5�##��##ɩ##��##��##$�##
%�###�###�##!�##"�###�###�##�##�##��##��##a�##b�##{�##|�##-
�##.�##P�##��##��###�###�##o�##p�##��##��##��##��##/�##R�##��##��##���������������
������������������������������####h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#@��CJ##aJ#####h�t<##h<#F#CJ#
#aJ#####h�t<##h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#5#�CJ##aJ$#
#h<#F#aJ$##
#h<#F#5#�aJ####hT###CJ##aJ#####h<#F#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#5#�CJ##aJ###B</##�/##90##�0###1
##�1##�1##
2##C2##D2##c2##�2##�2##�2###3###3##;3##�3##�3##�3##�3##�3##�3##.4##:4##;4##�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�###########################
#########$#a$####$#�###�#@#�# #####a$######$#a$#####$#
&##F!
#a$###;4##<4##F4##G4##�6##�6##�9##�9##;###;##�<##�<##�>##�>##6@##7@##LA##MA##�C##�C
##�E##�E###F##BF##F##�F##�F##�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�################################$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$######$#a$#######�F##�F##�F##YG##�G##�G##�G##�G##(H##nH##�H##�H##�H#
#�H###I###I##FI##_I##�I##�I##�I##�I##
J##0J##sJ##�J##�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
######################$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$######$#a$###�J##�J##�J###K##=K##�K##�K##�K##�K##*L##gL##hL##�L##�L#
#/M##�M##�M##�M##�M##�M##"N###N##/N##0N##�O##�O##qQ##�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�############�
############�############�############�############�############�############�#####
#######�############�############�############�###################$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###qQ##rQ##AR##BR##�S##�S##�X##�X##�\##�\###^###^##�_##�_###`##
`##x`##�`##�`##�`###a###a##ia##�a##�a##2b##Gb##�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�############�############�############�############�######
######�############�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�###################$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###Gb##Hb##}b##�b##�b##�b###c##ac##�c##�c##�c##3d##vd##�d###e##^e##_
e##�e##�e##�e##�e##�e##Uh##Vh##�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�##############
###############$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��##�0�^��#`�0�a$####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#
�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###Vh###j###j##�l##�l##.n##/n##Rr##Sr##�u##�u##�x##�x###{###{##�}##�
}##�##�##C##ƒ# #####1#�
### ##d�##�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�############�
############�############�############�############�############�############�#####
#################$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#gd�t<#####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$####$#
�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$###d�##��###�##
�##d�##��##�##5�##I�##J�##��##�##�##
%�##��##‰###�##c�##d�##Š##�###�##S�##d�##e�##�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�############�
############�#####################################################$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###e�##�##8�##��##��##�##�##��###�##6�##q�##��##��###�##\�##��##��##
�###�##s�##��##�##D�##E�##�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�############�############�############�###################
#########$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��##�0�^��#`�0�a$###E�##��##�##/�##��##˒###
##

�##7�##t�##u�##��##�##G�##H�##S�##T�##�##��##i�##j�##ә##ԙ##��##��##Z�##[�##�######
######�############�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�#############
#######$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$###[�##�##�##��##��##�##�##u�##v�##c##5�##��##Τ##�##�##>�##q�##��##
%##�###�##]�##��##��##��##�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�############�############�############�############�######
##############$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#^��#a$#####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$####$#
�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$###��##
‫צ‬###�##d�##e�##��##ħ###�###�##5�##��##��##��###�##H�##I�##��##��##��##ɩ##ʩ##Ы##ѫ##,
�##-
�##�##�##�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�############�
############�############�############�############�############�############�#####
#######�############�############�############�############�############�##########
##�####################$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$###�##M�##N�##��##��##$�##%�##b�##��##��##�###�###�##x�##��##м###�##!
�##"�##Z�##��##=##�##0�##1�##o�##Ǿ##�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�####################$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$#
###$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$###Ǿ###�###�##8�##^�##y�##��##�##�###�##q�##��##��##��##'�##a�##b�##��##&�##
f�##{�##|
�##��##��##�############�############�############�############�############�######
######�############�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�#############################$#
�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��##�0�^��#`�0�a$####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###��##-
�##.�##��##��##I�##{�##��##��###�###�##��##"�##o�##p�###�##C�##��##��##?
�##��##��##��##D�##�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�##########################
###$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��##�0�^��#`�0�a$####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###D�##��##��###�##/�## �##!
�##\�##��##��##��###�###�##X�##��##��##��##8�##9�##x�##��##��###�##6�##7�##}�##��##
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�############�############�############�############�######
#############$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###��##��##��##&�##'�##V�##�##��##��##��##��###�###�##��##��##��##
{�##��##��##��##C�##Z�##��##��##�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�############�############�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�#############
################$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��##�0�^��#`�0�a$####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$#####$#
�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$###��###�##R�##S�##��###�###�##��###�###�##r�##��##��##��##S�##��##�
�##��##��##��###�###�##K�##L�##�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�##############
###############$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��##�0�^��#`�0�a$#####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@#��#`��#a$####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$###��##��##��##��###�###�###�###�##B�##C�##k�##o�##��##��##��###�##V�##Y�##[
�##\�##��##��##��###�###�###�###�###�##t�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��###�##J�##\�##
_�##a�##b�##��##������q������x�p�p�p�p�p�p�p�pxp�p�p�p�p�############h�4�#CJ##aJ###
##hs###CJ##aJ#####h�4�##h�4�#CJ##aJ#####h�4�##h�4�#CJ###
#h�4�#6#�CJ####h�4�##h�4�#6#�CJ####h�4�##h�4�#5#�6#�CJ#####h�4�##h�4�#5#�6#�CJ##mH
#sH

####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####h#lY##hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ#####h#lY##hUGL#5#�\#�aJ#####hUG
L#CJ##aJ#####h<#F#5#�CJ##aJ####h<#F#CJ##aJ##*L�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��
##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�##�############�###
#########�############�############�############�############�############�########
####�############�############�############�############�############�############�
############�############�############�############�############�############�#####
#######�############�############�############�############################$#a$####
#$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@#��#`��#a$####$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$####�###�## �##
�###�##
�##
�###�###�###�###�###�###�##��##U�##V�##��##��###�###�##t�##��##��##�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�############�############�############�############�####
########�############################################gd�4�#####gd�4�###�###�#@#�#
#####gdUGL#####$#�###�#@#�# #####a$#gdUGL####$#�###�#@#�#
#@@@@a$###��##6�##��##��###�##[�##\�##��##s�##t�##��##��###�##��##��##��##��##��##�
�##��##��##��##�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�#####################�###�#@#�#
#####gdUGL######��#^��#gd�d}##
###��##�0�^��#`�0�gd�08#####gd�4�######��#`��#gd�4�######��#^��#gd�4�##
###��##�0�^��#`�0�gd�4�###��##��##��##��##��##9�##M�##`�##s�##t�##��##��##��##��##�
�##��##��###�###�##
%�##>�##k�##��##��##��##��##��##��##i�##j�##l�##��##������������ɪ���tkt�t�tktbtT##
#########h�=p##hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ#####h�|
�#CJ##\#�aJ####hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####h#lY##hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ###
#j#####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##U##\#�aJ#####h�08#5#�CJ##\#�aJ#####h#lY##h�08#CJ##\#�aJ####hU
GL#CJ##aJ#####h�4�##h�08#CJ##aJ#####h�08#CJ##\#�aJ####h�4�##h�d}#CJ##aJ#####h�d}#CJ
##aJ#####h�4�#CJ##aJ#####h�4�##h�4�#CJ##aJ#####h�08#CJ##aJ###��##��##��##��##��###�
###�##"�###�##=�##>�##k�##l�##��##��###�##:�##;�##\�##v�##w�##��##��##��##��##��##�
�##
�##"�##�############�############�############�############�############�##########
##�############�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############�##################�###�#@#�#
#####gdUGL###��##��##��###�###�###�###�###�##*�##+�##-
�##3�##5�##\�##_�##c�##d�##f�##i�##j�##l�##o�##p�##r�##x�##y�##{�##|
�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��#
#
�###�##$�##%�##'�##(�##u�##��##��##��##��##��##��###�###�##
�##"�###�##��##��##��##��##��##��##m�##��##��##��##��##���������������������������
�������������������������������������������������##haj�#CJ##\#�aJ####hUGL#CJ##\#�a
J####hgH�#CJ##\#�aJ####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####h�=p##hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ#####hUGL#5#�
CJ##\#�aJ##L"�###�##u�##��##��##��###�###�##��##��##��##l�##��##��##��##��###�###�#
#7�##8�##)�##A�##B�##��##��##��##�############�############�############�##########
##�############�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�############################�###�#@#�# ######��##�0�^��#`�0�gdUGL###
�###�#@#�# #####gdUGL###��##��##��##��###�###�###�###�###�##
�###�##.�##8�##:�##<�##=�##)�##2�##4�##>�##B�##E�##G�##H�##��##��##��##��##��##��##
��##��##��##��##��###�##
�##7�##G�##K�##O�##X�##]�##_�##`�##b�##c�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##����
�������������������������������������������곧� ���######

j##��#h�'=##h�z�#CJ##aJ#####h�'=##h�z�#CJ##aJ#####h�'=##h�z�#CJ##\#�aJ####h�'=##hUG
L#CJ##\#�aJ## #j#####h#lY##h�4�#CJ##U##\#�aJ###
#j#####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##U##\#�aJ#####hgH�#CJ##\#�aJ####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####hUGL#C
J##\#�aJ###7��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##'�##(�##_�##a�##b�##��##��##��##��#
#��##��##K�##��##��##j�##��##��##�############�############�############�##########
##�############�############�############�############�############�############�##
##########�############�############�############�############�############�#######
#####�############�############�############�############�############�############
�############�#########################gd53###
###��##�0�^��#`�0�gd53######gd�z�###�###�#@#�#
#####gdUGL###��##��##K�##~�##��##>�##?
�##��##��##��###�##2�##3�##@�##A�##M�##N�##P�##[�##a�##q�##x�##��##��##��##��##
�##-
�##.�##0�##T�##X�##k�##s�##t�##u�##z�##A�##x�##��##��##��##��##��������·¯¯¯·�œœœœœ�
�����������t####################hYI###hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ#####hf=d##hf=d#5#�CJ##\#�aJ
#####h53###h53##CJ##\#�aJ####h`Tc##h`Tc#CJ##aJ#####h`Tc#CJ##aJ#####h.h##CJ##aJ#####
h�'=##h�'=#CJ##aJ#####h�'=#CJ##aJ###
#h53##CJ#####h53###h53##CJ##H*#aJ####h53###h53##CJ##aJ#####h�'=##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####
h�'=##h�XS#CJ##\#�aJ###*��###�##[�##\�##0�##t�##u�##A�##��##��##��##6�##7�##x�##��#
#��##��##"�###�##Y�##��##��##�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�############�############�############�############�######
######�############�############�############�############�############�###########
#�############�############�############�######################�###�#@#�#
######��#^��#gdUGL###�###�#@#�# #####gdUGL#####gd`Tc##
###��##�0�^��#`�0�gd`Tc#####gd53######gd�'=##
###��##�0�^��#`�0�gd�'=###��##��##��##��##��##5�##6�##7�##9�##:�##V�##W�##Y�##[�##w
�##x�##y�##{�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��###�###�###�##
%�##'�##(�##Y�##Z�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��###�##/�##0�##o�#
#q�##s�##t�##��##��##��##��##��##��##:�##<�##>�##?
�##l�##m�##��##��##��##��##��##��##�����������������������������������������������
�����������������������������##h##�#CJ##\#�aJ####h�XS#CJ##\#�aJ####hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ##
##h#lY##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####hYI###hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ#####hUGL#5#�CJ##\#�aJ##L��##��##�
�##��##��##/�##n�##o�##��##��##��###�##9�##:�##l�##��##��##��##��##��##/�##t�##u�##
��##��##�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###########�############�############�############�############�############�######
######�############�############�############�############�########################
#############################�###�#@#�# ######��#^��#gdUGL###�###�#@#�#
#####gdUGL###��##��##��##��##��##/�##0�##u�##w�##y�##z�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��
##��##��###�###�###�##'�##(�##+�##,�##2�##5�##6�##9�##?
�##B�##C�##E�##F�##�������������������нȴȰ���{���{��################################
#####################################h<#F#B*#CJ"#OJ##QJ##aJ0#ph#3�###h<#F#B*#CJ"#OJ
##QJ##aJ0#ph���#
#h<#F#5#�9#�B*#CJ"#\#�aJ,#ph#3�####h�_�####h<#F####h�W�##hEIh#0J######�#j########hE
Ih#U####j#####hEIh#U####hEIh####j#####h<#F#U##mH##nH##u#####hUGL#CJ##aJ#####hUGL#CJ
##\#�aJ####h#lY##hUGL#CJ##\#�aJ####��##��##)�##*�##+�##,�##6�##7�##8�##9�##C�##D�##
E�##F�##�############�############�############�############�############�#########
###�############�############�############�############�############�############�#
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
####7$#8$#H$############$#�###�#@#�# #@@@@a$##2#&P##1�h#:p�#�##��/ ��=!
��#"��##��#$��#
%�###�`##�`########################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
#########################################################�###D#####################
###########################################���y��#��#�#K�#############w#w#w#.#m#a#n
#y#a#g#r#o#u#p#.#c#o#m###���y��#��#�#K�#6###h#t#t#p#:#/#/#w#w#w#.#m#a#n#y#a#g#r#o#u
#p#.#c#o#m#/#######################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
#########�#############@##@�##@#
###########N#o#r#m#a#l#########CJ##_H##aJ##mH #sH #tH
###################D#A@��#D#
###########D#e#f#a#u#l#t# #P#a#r#a#g#r#a#p#h# #F#o#n#t#####V#i@��#V#
#########
#T#a#b#l#e# #N#o#r#m#a#l### #:V###�###4�#######4�###
#l#a�#########(#k@��#(#############N#o# #L#i#s#t#####
#####D##@##�#D#
###########H#e#a#d#e#r######�###�#�!#####CJ##aJ##mH #sH #4# @####4#
###########F#o#o#t#e#r######�###�#�!#####F#P@####F#
###�4�#####B#o#d#y# #T#e#x#t# #2#########6#�CJ##aJ##mH #sH ##6#U@�#!#6#
###EIh### #H#y#p#e#r#l#i#n#k###
#>*#B*#ph##�#########
###F�############����########����######����######################################
###################��############F�############����########����####################
################��########F�##
##R####����########################################`###a###~######�###�###�###�##
#S###T###z###|###�###�###r###s###�###�###################$###
%###&###O###P###�###########�###########N###�###�###z###�###�###+###R###S###�######
#####�###�###�###� ##� ##� ##e
##�
##�
##E###}###~###�
##�
##�
##7##c##�##�
##########F###q###r###�###�###�###�###�###�###9###W###X###�###�###�###�###�#######8
###9###############�###�###�###s###�###�###m###�###�###G###f###g#######<###=###�###
(###)###~###�###�#######Q###R###�###########�###�###�###P###z###�###�###�#######�##
#�###�###�###########�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###� ##� ##� ##�!##�!##�!
##$"##Q"##R"##�"###### $##5$##6$##g$##�$##�$##F%##�%##�%##�
%###&###&##a&##<'##�'##9(##�(###)##�)##�)##
*##C*##D*##c*##�*##�*##�*###+###+##;
+##�+##�+##�+##�+##�+##�+##.,##:,##;,##<,##F,##G,##�.##�.##�1##�1##
3###3##�4##�4##�6##�6##68##78##L9##M9##�;##�;##�=##�=###>##B>##>##�>##�>##�>##�>#
#Y?##�?##�?##�?##�?##(@##n@##�@##�@##�@##�@###A###A##FA##_A##�A##�A##�A##�A##
B##0B##sB##�B##�B##�B###C##=C##�C##�C##�C##�C##*D##gD##hD##�D##�D##/E##�E##�E##�E##
�E##�E##"F###F##/F##0F##�G##�G##qI##rI##AJ##BJ##�K##�K##�P##�P##�T##�T###V###V##�W#
#�W###X##
X##xX##�X##�X##�X###Y###Y##iY##�Y##�Y##2Z##GZ##HZ##}Z##�Z##�Z##�Z###[##a[##�[##�[##
�[##3\##v\##�\###]##^]##_]##�]##�]##�]##�]##�]##U`##V`###b###b##�d##�d##.f##/f##Rj#
#Sj##�m##�m##�p##�p###s###s##�u##�u##�x##�x##�{##�{##�}##�}##1~##d~##�~#####
##d##�##�##5�##I�##J�##��##�##�##
%�##��#####�##c�##d�##‚##�###�##S�##d�##e�##�##8�##��##��##�##�##��###�##6�##q�#
#��##��###�##\�##��##��##�###�##s�##��##�##D�##E�##��##�##/�##��##ˊ###
##

�##7�##t�##u�##��##�##G�##H�##S�##T�##�##��##i�##j�##ӑ##ԑ##��##��##Z�##[�##�##�##��
##��##�##�##u�##v�##[##5�##��##Μ##�##�##>�##q�##��#####�###�##]�##��##��##��## ‫מ‬###�
##d�##e�##��##ğ###�###�##5�##��##��##��###�##H�##I�##��##��##��##ɡ##ʡ##У##ѣ##,�##-
�##�##�##M�##N�##��##��##$�##%�##b�##��##��##�###�###�##x�##��##д###�##!
�##"�##Z�##��##5##�##0�##1�##o�##Ƕ###�###�##8�##^�##y�##��##�##�###�##q�##��##��##�
##'�##a�##b�##�##&�##f�##{�##|�##º##�##-
�##.�##��##��##I�##{�##��##ռ###�###�##ս##"�##o�##p�###�##C�##��##��##?
�##��##��##��##D�##��##��###�##/�## �##!
�##\�##��##��##��###�###�##X�##��##��##��##8�##9�##x�##��##��###�##6�##7�##}�##��##
��##��##&�##'�##V�##�##��##��##��##��###�###�##��##��##��##{�##��##��##��##C�##Z�
##��##��###�##R�##S�##��###�###�##��###�###�##r�##��##��##��##S�##��##��##��##��##�
�###�###�##K�##L�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��#
#��###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�###�## �##
�###�##
�##
�###�###�###�###�###�###�##��##U�##V�##��##��###�###�##t�##��##��##6�##��##��###�##
[�##\�##��##s�##t�##��##��###�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��
###�###�##"�###�##=�##>�##k�##l�##��##��###�##:�##;�##\�##v�##w�##��##��##��##��##�
�##��##
�##"�###�##u�##��##��##��###�###�##��##��##��##l�##��##��##��##��###�###�##7�##8�##
)�##A�##B�##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##��##'�##(�##_�##a�##b�##��##��#
#��##��##��##��##K�##��##��##j�##��##��###�##[�##\�##0�##t�##u�##A�##��##��##��##6�
##7�##x�##��##��##��##"�###�##Y�##��##��##��##��##��##��##/�##n�##o�##��##��##��###
�##9�##:�##l�##��##��##��##��##��##/�##t�##u�##��##��##��##)�##*�##+�##,�##6�##7�##
8�##9�##C�##D�##G�##�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#
######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0
#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###p######�####
0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�##########�###
#0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�##
##0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�#
###0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########
�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#########
#�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�####
##�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###p###
###�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###p##
####�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#####
#####�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�####
######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###
#######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##
########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#
#########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�
##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###
�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�##
#�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�#
##�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�
###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######
�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0######
#�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#####
##�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0####
###�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0###
####�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0##
#####�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#
######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0
#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####
0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�###
#0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�##
##0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�#
###0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�
####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######
�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#########
#�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�########
##�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#######
###�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�######
####�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###p#
#####�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�####
######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###
#######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##
########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#
#########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�
##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###
�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�##
#�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�#
##�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�
###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######
�###�##########�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�### ######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###
######�####0#######�###�### ######�#! #0#######�###�##########�#! #0#######�###�###
######�#! #0#######�###�### ######�#! #0#######�###�##########�#!
#0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�##
##0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###(######�#
###0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########
�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�#####
#�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�####
##�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###p###
###�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###(######�####0#######�###�###(##
####�####0#######�###�###(######�####0#######�###�###(######�####0#######�###�#####
#####�####0#######�###�###(######�####0#######�###�###0######�####0#######�###�###0
######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###0######�####0#######�###�###
0######�####0#######�###�###0######�####0#######�###�###0######�####0#######�###�##
########�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�#
#########�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�
###p######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###
�###8######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�##
#�###8######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�#
##�###8######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�
###�###8######�####0#######�###�###8######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######
�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0######
#�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#####
##�###�###@######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0####
###�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0###
####�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�##########�####0##
#####�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#
######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0
#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####
0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###�######�###
#0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�##
##0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�#
###0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###@######�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###p######
�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###@#####
#�####0#######�###�###@######�####0#######�###�###H######�####0#######�###�###H####
##�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###H######�####0#######�###�###H###
###�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###P######�####0#######�###�###P##
####�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###P######�####0#######�###�###P#
#####�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###P######�####0#######�###�###P
######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###
X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�##
#X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#
#########�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�
###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###
�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�##
#�##########�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�#
##�###�######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�
###�##########�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######
�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0######
#�###�###X######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#####
##�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###X######�####0#######�###�###`######�####0####
###�###�###`######�####0#######�###�###`######�####0#######�###�###`######�####0###
####�###�###`######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###`######�####0##
#####�###�###`######�####0#######�###�###h######�####0#######�###�###h######�####0#
######�###�###h######�####0#######�###�###h######�####0#######�###�##########�####0
#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�##########�####
0#######�##
#�###p######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�#
##�###p######�####0#######�###�###x######�####0#######�###�###x######�####0#######�
###�###x######�####0#######�###�###x######�####0#######�###�###x######�####0#######
�###�###x######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###x######�####0######
#�###�###x######�####0#######�###�###x######�####0#######�###�###x######�####0#####
##�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0####
###�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0###
####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0##
#####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#
######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0
#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####
0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�###
#0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�##
##0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�#
###0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######
�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�#####
#�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�####
##�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�###
###�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�######
####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�#
#####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�
######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###
�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##
########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�#
#########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�
##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###
�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�##
#�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�#
##�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�
###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######
�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0######
#�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#####
##�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0####
###�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0###
####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0##
#####�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#
######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0
#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####
0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�###
#0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�##
##0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�#
###0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###�######�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######
�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�#########
#�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�########
##�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�#######
###�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�######
####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�#####
#####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�####
######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###
�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##
#�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#
##�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�
###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###
�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�##
#�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�#
##�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�
###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######
�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0######
#�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#####
##�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0####
###�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0###
####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0##
#####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#
######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0
#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####
0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�###
#0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�##
##0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�#
###0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######
�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�#####
#�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�####
##�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�###
###�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�##
####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�#
#####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�####
######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###
#######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##
#�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�#
#########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�
###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###
�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�##
#�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�#
##�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�
###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######
�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0######
#�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#####
##�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0####
###�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0###
####�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0##
#####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#
######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0
#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####
0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�###
#0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�##
##0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�#
###0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�
####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######
�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�#####
#�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�####
##�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�###
###�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�##
####�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�#
#####�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�####
######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###
�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##
#�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�#
##�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�
###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###
�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�##
#�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�#
##�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�
###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######
�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0######
#�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#####
##�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###p######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0####
###�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0###
####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0##
#####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�#
##�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�
###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###
�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�##
#�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�#
##�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�
###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######
�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�##########�####0######
#�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#####
##�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0####
###�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###�######�####0###
####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�##########�####0#######�###�###�######�####0##
#####�###�###�######�####0#######�###�###