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# SQ PAPER

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Year 4 Test
Triple Science
Physics
Topic P1a.9:
Date:
Time: 20 minutes

FORMULAE

## capacity or battery rating in amp - hour

Time in hours =
current used in amps

Energy E
Voltage = ⇔V=
Charge Q

Voltage across it V
Resistance = ⇔R=
Current going through it I

Charge Q
Current = ⇔I=
Time t

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Question 1

## Voltage is the ........................................ transferred per unit ..................................... passed.

(1)

(b) The circuit diagram shows a 1.5 V cell connected to a resistor. The current in the circuit is
0.60A.

(i) How much charge in coulombs flows through the cell in 2.0 s?

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## Charge flowing = ................................................. C

(2)

(ii) How much energy in joules is transferred to the resistor during this time?

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## Energy transferred = ............................................... J

(2)
(iii) State one assumption you have made in (ii).

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(1)
(c) State two changes to the value of the circuit components that would each allow four
times as much energy to be transferred to a resistor in a two-second period.

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2 ...................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 8 marks)

## SQ PAPER 2 Turn over

SQ PAPER

Question 2

Wind power

Lisa worked for a company which supplies electrical energy to the National Grid. They were
investigating how best to produce the electricity.

## (a) Use the words provided to complete the sentences below.

To transfer energy directly from sunlight, they should use a ……………………. . The type of

current which this produces is ……..……..……… . To transfer the energy from the wind into

## electricity they need a ……………..…… .

(3)
(b) Anne joined a coil of wire to an ammeter.

## She dropped the magnet into the coil.

The largest reading on the meter is shown below.

## SQ PAPER 3 Turn over

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(c) The company suggested building a wind farm on top of a mountain.
Why might the top of a mountain be a good place to build a wind farm?

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(1)
(Total 6 marks)
Question 3

Rachel’s bicycle has a dynamo to supply electricity for its lights. The diagram shows the
dynamo. Part X rotates when the bicycle moves.

(a) Suggest one way that Rachel could increase the amount of electrical energy given
out
by the dynamo to make the lights brighter.

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(1)

for her bicycle lights.

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(2)
(Total 3 marks)

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Question 4

Some Christmas tree lights are connected in series. A typical arrangement consists of twenty
lamps connected to the power supply.

(i) If the filament in one of the lamps breaks, all the other lamps go out.
Why is this?

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(1)

(ii) How does the brightness of the lamps change if another five similar lamps are
connected in series?

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(1)

(iii) Why does the brightness change in the way you have described in part (ii)?

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(1)

(Total 3 marks)
(Total of SQ 20 marks)

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Bonus Question

The graph shows the I–V characteristics for two conductors. One is a length of nichrome
wire and the other is the tungsten filament of a lamp.

## (a) Explain the shape of the tungsten filament graph

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(3)

(b) Calculate the resistance of the tungsten filament when the potential difference across it is 8 V

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(2)

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(c) Both conductors are connected in parallel with a 6 V supply. Calculate the current that will be
drawn from the supply:

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(3)

(d) Both conductors are connected in series with an unknown cell. If the total current in the circuit
is 0.5 A. Calculate the voltage of the unknown cell.

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(2)

(Total 10 marks)