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American Academy Larnaca


Year 4 Test
Triple Science
Physics
Topic P1a.9:
Date:
Time: 20 minutes

FORMULAE

You may find the following formulae useful.

capacity or battery rating in amp - hour


Time in hours =
current used in amps

Energy E
Voltage = ⇔V=
Charge Q

Voltage across it V
Resistance = ⇔R=
Current going through it I

Charge Q
Current = ⇔I=
Time t

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Question 1

(a) Complete the sentence:

Voltage is the ........................................ transferred per unit ..................................... passed.

(1)

(b) The circuit diagram shows a 1.5 V cell connected to a resistor. The current in the circuit is
0.60A.

(i) How much charge in coulombs flows through the cell in 2.0 s?

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Charge flowing = ................................................. C


(2)

(ii) How much energy in joules is transferred to the resistor during this time?

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Energy transferred = ............................................... J


(2)
(iii) State one assumption you have made in (ii).

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(1)
(c) State two changes to the value of the circuit components that would each allow four
times as much energy to be transferred to a resistor in a two-second period.

1 ...................................................................................................................................

2 ...................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 8 marks)

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Question 2

Wind power

Lisa worked for a company which supplies electrical energy to the National Grid. They were
investigating how best to produce the electricity.

(a) Use the words provided to complete the sentences below.

To transfer energy directly from sunlight, they should use a ……………………. . The type of

current which this produces is ……..……..……… . To transfer the energy from the wind into

electricity they need a ……………..…… .


(3)
(b) Anne joined a coil of wire to an ammeter.

She dropped the magnet into the coil.


The largest reading on the meter is shown below.

Draw a line from each action to the correct meter display.

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(c) The company suggested building a wind farm on top of a mountain.
Why might the top of a mountain be a good place to build a wind farm?

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(1)
(Total 6 marks)
Question 3

Rachel’s bicycle has a dynamo to supply electricity for its lights. The diagram shows the
dynamo. Part X rotates when the bicycle moves.

(a) Suggest one way that Rachel could increase the amount of electrical energy given
out
by the dynamo to make the lights brighter.

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(1)

(b) Suggest an advantage and a disadvantage of using a dynamo instead of a battery


for her bicycle lights.

Advantage

……............................................................................................................................

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Disadvantage

……............................................................................................................................

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(2)
(Total 3 marks)

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Question 4

Some Christmas tree lights are connected in series. A typical arrangement consists of twenty
lamps connected to the power supply.

(i) If the filament in one of the lamps breaks, all the other lamps go out.
Why is this?

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(1)

(ii) How does the brightness of the lamps change if another five similar lamps are
connected in series?

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(1)

(iii) Why does the brightness change in the way you have described in part (ii)?

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(1)

(Total 3 marks)
(Total of SQ 20 marks)

(Turn over for the bonus question)

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Bonus Question

The graph shows the I–V characteristics for two conductors. One is a length of nichrome
wire and the other is the tungsten filament of a lamp.

(a) Explain the shape of the tungsten filament graph

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(3)

(b) Calculate the resistance of the tungsten filament when the potential difference across it is 8 V

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(2)

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(c) Both conductors are connected in parallel with a 6 V supply. Calculate the current that will be
drawn from the supply:

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(3)

(d) Both conductors are connected in series with an unknown cell. If the total current in the circuit
is 0.5 A. Calculate the voltage of the unknown cell.

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(2)

(Total 10 marks)

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