1 views

Uploaded by Brett Bensley

Quality control manual from 1980

- problem-solving based model original
- understanding_the_problem
- A Lesson That May Develop Mathematical Thinking Of
- amanda conner - december 21 seminar reflection 1
- Stali Unas
- integrated lesson plan
- Gatsby Unit Plan
- it planning form-eled 4
- A Study on Mixture of Exponentiated Pareto and Exponential Distributions.pdf
- Zigurs (1998) a Theory of Task-Technology Fit and Group Support Systems Effectiveness
- Problem Solving
- melanie l gaskins math portfolio
- DEPED - Continuous Improvement - Project Learning Guide
- Item 13 Formatted
- Method Study
- et 347 matrix 1
- alexa iandolo - ciee 3290 - lesson plan copy
- Perspectives of Cognition Oriented Is
- 7th-Math-Unit-3
- Guiding Children's Behaviour

You are on page 1of 2

TABLE 3 (1) (2) (3) (4) Annual

Time to Invest- Probability Defect Value($) Recover ment($)

of Success P.I.

Years C 300,000 5.8 150,000 .65

26 E 250,000 2.0 50,000 .80 200 G

130,000 3.5 80,000 .60 28 B 45,000 1.0

10,000 .85 383 D 45,000 1.5 15,000 .50

100 A 35,000 0.8 5,000 .70 613 H

20,000 2.5 8,000 .95 95 F 20,000 1.5

10,000 .70 93 J 10,000 2.0 4,000 .40

50 I 10,000 1.0 6,000 .80 133

(1) x (4) P.I. = --------- x 100

(2) x (3) It now appears that defect A, B and E should receive priority. What

happened to defect C, our plum we were so eager to pluck? During the five years

that the project team is working on defect C, losses have accumulated to $1.5

million. With a probability of success of only 0.65, the potential recoverable

losses are $195,000 a year, but this would not begin to be realized until the end

of five years. Since it cost us $150,000 to solve the problem, substantial savings

won't show up until the seventh year. Is it worth waiting that long? Probably

not, when you consider the rapid changes in policy, personnel and technology that

take place today. A better solution might be to invest enough money in problem

solving to reduce the time it would take to increase the probability of success.

You might even experiment with the Priority Index formula and come up with a

different combination of parameters and weighting scheme; I would encourage you to

try it. We have taken a new look at our old friend, the Pareto principle, and

have examined its application to cost reduction and problem solving from a

different perspective. We have added new dimensions of time, investment dollars and

probability of success because these parameters are compatable with modern

management's approach to decision making. A Priority Index for combining these

dimensions seems to have promise as an effective, realistic management tool for

today and tomorrow. THE PARETO TECHNIQUE As can be seen from the preceding

discussion, the Pareto analysis has application for identifying which of several

problem areas deserve the greatest attention. It provides hard data on which

problems occur with greatest frequency rather than the usual reliance on personal

opinion based on undocumented observation. The technique is relatively simple to

apply. We have pointed out that the normal curve has its greatest frequency of

occurrence of an event near the center of the distribution. This is true because a

frequency distribution is a classification of a group of items by some quantitative

characteristic. he Pareto distribution, on the other hand, is arranged in the order

of the measurement value of the elements. In other words, for the Pareto

distribution we rank a series of events or problems in the order of the numeric

value assigned to those events. We might use the tabulated occurrence of the

problem or the dollar value associated with the problem or any other quantitative

measure which might represent the reason for wanting to identify and solve the

problem. Data can be presented in tabular form as was done in the preceding

examples presented in the article by Hy Pitt. Another method of presentation which

provides a visual means of interpretation might be the histogram or more commonly

called the bar graph. In order to utilize the Pareto approach to problem

solving we must first identify a series of problem areas. Each problem must be one

which we can quantify in the same units (dollar losses for example). We will

discuss a method of identifying these problem areas in the next section. Let's

look at an example of the method of isolating the serious problem utilizing the

Pareto analysis. This example is adapted from the publication, Q C Circles:

Application, Tools and Theory. The basic phases of the Pareto Technique are as

follows: 1. List all the problem areas associated with the situation. Include all

elements at this stage so as not to rule out any area at too early a stage. 2.

Measure the elements using the same measure for each. Usually this will be in terms

of dollars, time, frequency, etc. At this point no order is given to the elements

or to the measurements. 3. Arrange the elements according to their measurement,

chart the results and graph the elements and their measurements. From the chart and

graph it is possible to: a) assign priorities to the various elements b)

gain an understanding of the elements c) provide a better description of the

elements d) generate standard information for any analysis which follows

e) select a goal using the Pareto chart as supporting documentation. If the

Pareto distribution is ordered by dollar value it becomes possibleto identify areas

which will yield the greatest cost benefit in attacking theproblems.4. Construct a

cumulative distribution for the prioritized items andmeasurements. These cumulative

distributions when charted and graphed to forma Pareto curve will permit us to see

that a few items account for adisproportionate amount of all measurements.5. Study

and interpret the results. A good place to begin improvementis to work on those

elements whose measurements are the greatest. The decisionmust be made as to what

measurements to use in the analysis as was shown in thePitt article.

PARETO EXERCISE The following scrap data was collected by part number and

operation. PART OPERATION NUMBER

NUMBER A 40 D

70 C 50 C

70 D 20 B 70

E 20 D 50 C

70 A 40

D 20 B 70

E 50 B 70 C

20 E 70 D 40

D 70 E 70 B

70 1. Construct a Pareto chart by part number. 2. Construct a Pareto

distribution by part number. 3. Construct a Pareto chart by operation number.

4. Construct a Pareto distribution by operation number. 5. What conclusions may

be drawn from this analysis?

- problem-solving based model originalUploaded byapi-314418210
- understanding_the_problemUploaded byLapnd
- A Lesson That May Develop Mathematical Thinking OfUploaded byLenna Nica
- amanda conner - december 21 seminar reflection 1Uploaded byapi-403223123
- Stali UnasUploaded byDyaichi Tsuji
- integrated lesson planUploaded byapi-251650189
- Gatsby Unit PlanUploaded byChristine Engelbrecht
- it planning form-eled 4Uploaded byapi-458027146
- A Study on Mixture of Exponentiated Pareto and Exponential Distributions.pdfUploaded byDickson Siele
- Zigurs (1998) a Theory of Task-Technology Fit and Group Support Systems EffectivenessUploaded byJacqueline Farlov
- Problem SolvingUploaded bySyarafina Abdullah
- melanie l gaskins math portfolioUploaded byapi-290393494
- DEPED - Continuous Improvement - Project Learning GuideUploaded byAngie Serrano
- Item 13 FormattedUploaded byaedrin_ayu86
- Method StudyUploaded byHari Vardhan Reddy Desai
- et 347 matrix 1Uploaded byapi-316854320
- alexa iandolo - ciee 3290 - lesson plan copyUploaded byapi-354589761
- Perspectives of Cognition Oriented IsUploaded byAntonSavtchouk
- 7th-Math-Unit-3Uploaded byrn00998
- Guiding Children's BehaviourUploaded byNurul Hafizah
- math lessonplan revisedUploaded byapi-243039248
- math lessonplan initialUploaded byapi-243039248
- Dramatica - A New Theory of Story - Screenplay Writing CondensedUploaded byAnonymous cuCATH1V
- 08 Chapter 2Uploaded byAngelo Erispe
- graphingpracticeUploaded byapi-293263627
- microteaching poverty 1Uploaded byapi-350784455
- Crazy CollectionsUploaded byDigi-Block
- Problem-Based_Learning_and_the_use_of_New_learning-Teaching_Methodology_(proceedings)(1).pdfUploaded byAna Tamia
- handout on types of classroom assessment techniques catsUploaded byapi-322464129
- Case Analysis ApproachUploaded byEric Muga

- UNIT6-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT5-3Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT9-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT9-3Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT2-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT7-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT5-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT9-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT6-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT7-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT3-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT8-3Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT8-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT11-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT8-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT5-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Voynich Word Count Per Transcription Volume 3Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Voynich Word Count Per Transcription Volume 4Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Voynich Word Count Per Transciption Volume 6Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Microcomputer InterfacingUploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT4-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT1-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT1-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Kaleidoscope Review V2N1Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT3-2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Voynich Word Count Per Transciption Volume 5Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Kaleidoscope Review V2N2Uploaded byBrett Bensley
- Voynich Word Count Per Transcription Volume1 CDXZUploaded byBrett Bensley
- UNIT2-1Uploaded byBrett Bensley

- Introduction of CADCAMUploaded byK.Magenthran (UTHM)
- Tcl Tk TutorialUploaded bySudeep Vemulapati
- Manual Acer Aspire 4540 TecnicoUploaded byjulianocoala
- MODULE 6Uploaded bySim Belsondra
- Marcus T. Anthony- Book Review of Allan Combs’ Consciousness Explained BetterUploaded byAuLaitRS
- 8 Ways to Raise Your VibrationUploaded byAmarrdiip Siingh
- cal Model Heat TransferUploaded byIuliu Grad
- Elegra Error MessageUploaded byLuis Fernando Garcia Sanchez
- b arch pp patrnUploaded bydevarani93
- STA 2023 Unit 3 Shell Notes (Chapter 6 - 7)Uploaded byUyen
- Sartre, Skinner and AuthenticityUploaded byCorodeanu Carmen Paunica
- Calculating Forces in Pulley Mechanical Advantage Systems MaUploaded byAbdel Naser Al-sheikh Yousef
- CDI Fuzzy ToolboxUploaded bymari23000
- contoh FMEA Upgraded Cath LabUploaded byAnisa
- 86189660 Protection Reversal MagickUploaded byamber43228
- PCM600_EjemploUploaded byCarlos Joan Camarena
- Database ScriptsUploaded bygmasay
- QRPA - Simkovic, Faessler, Muenther, Rodin, StaufUploaded byzcapg17
- Global Wood Density DatabaseUploaded byIgnacio Larco Roca
- 1. Endo PerioUploaded byHenry Mandalas
- Bourdon TubeUploaded bycocojam
- 3-31-14 peer editing and revising day 15Uploaded byapi-255074047
- The Statistical Probability of Love at First SightUploaded byJennica Gyrl G. Delfin
- 6784__BA_Eng_I_Sem_Nov_2013_Core_E_6784_-_Copy_-_CopyUploaded byalwinalexander
- LEAN CONSTRUCTION.docxUploaded byThaliaTicllaRios
- 59-table-filter-by-data-range-176653.pdfUploaded bynadr zaki slim
- Annexures 1-5Uploaded byE.m. Sooraj
- algebra released items booklet apr05Uploaded byjamesyu
- PetroScan June 2016Uploaded byVenu Angirekula
- jaem-4-2-3Uploaded byAndre Luiz Saback Cohin