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GEOMETRY

19 GEOMETRY
Importance : It is very important chapter for l Transversal line : A line that intersects two or more
competitive exams and questions on different difficulty parallel lines at different points, is called a transversal.
levels are asked.
A C
Scope of questions : Questions are based on
angles, ratio/measure of sides angles or bisectors, l1
X P
measure/ratio o f trapesi um/square/rectangle/
parallelogram/pentagon sides/angles, centre, radius, l2
diameter, angle, area and circumference of circle. Y Q
Way to success : The complete and thorough study l3
Z R
of this chapter is a must.
B D
l Line : A figure formed by joining collinear or non-
collinear points is known as line. It has no width e.g. Here, l1|| l2|| l3 and AB and CD are two transversal
lines.
l Intersecting lines : Two lines that intersect each other
or in other words, share a common point (Called point
There are two types of line : of intersection) are called intersecting lines.
(i) Straight line : A line travels a distance without any
diversion on straight path, is called straight line. It A D
represents the shortest path between any two points
lying on it.
O

C B
l Perpendicular lines : Two lines that intersect each
other at right angle (90°) are called perpendicular lines.
(ii) Curved line : Line when travels on a diverted path, They are denoted by the symbol “^ ”.
that is called curved line.
A

Line segment : A line segment has two end points. i.e.


it can not be extended in any direction. Sometimes, a
line and a line segment may be used in same sense as
that of a line.

l Ray : A ray can be extended in one direction only, C D AB ^ CD


which is denoted by an arrow. On the other side we B
have an end point, called the initial point. l Concurrent lines : Three or more lines are said to be
®
concurrent if they all intersect at one common point as
A B represents as AB shown below.
l Parallel lines : Two lines are said to be parallel, if they
do not intersect each other at any point and the distance
(perpendicular distance h) between them is constant.
They are denoted by the symbol ||.

P R
A B
h
C D
Q S
In the above figure AB || CD.

SME–991
GEOMETRY
l Coplanar lines : The lines that lie in the same plane
p
are said to be coplanar lines, otherwise they are called Here 90° < q < 180° or <q<p
non. coplanar lines. Same holds good for coplanar points 2
(i.e., points that lie in the same plane) and non-coplanar
points. (Points that not lie in the same plane.) p
l Right angle : An angle equals to 90° (or radians) is
Points to remember : 2
right angle.
– Three or more points lying on the same line are
called collinear points.
– Only one line can be drawn through any two given
points.
– Two line can intersect maximum at one point.
– If two different lines are perpendicular to a third
90º
line, then the former are parallel to each other, as
shown below. l Straight angle : An angle equals to 180° (or p radians)
is straight angle.
m1
A 180º
m2
l Reflex angle : It is an angle greater than 180° and
(or p radians) but less than 360°(2p radians).
B
Here, m1 ^ AB and m2 ^ AB. Hence, as per above
rule m1||m2
– There are infinite number of points on a straight
q A
line. 1
– Infinite number of lines can be made from a single
point
B
q
ANGLES
Here, 180° < q < 360° (Ðq = 360° – Ð1)
l Angle : When two rays have same starting point or an
ending point, then an angle is formed. or p < q < 2 p
Types of Angles : l Complementary angle : Two angles are said to be
l Acute angle : An angle greater than 0° but less than p
complementary if their sum is equal to 90° (or
p 2
90° (i.e. radians) is an acute angle. radians).
2

A P
B

q 1
2
3
O C O Q

p Case-I Case-II
Here 0° < q < 90° or 0 <
2
R
l Obtuse angle : An angle which is greater than 90° and
less than 180° (p radians) is an obtuse angle.

4
S
Ð Ð
T
( 3 + 4 = 90º)

q In the above figure, Ð1 + Ð2 = 90°: Hence, they are


complementary angles. Also Ð3 + Ð4 = 90°, therefore,
they are also complementary angles.

SME–992
GEOMETRY
l Supplementary angles : If the sum of the angles is
equal to 180°, then they are called supplementary T1
angles. For example supplementary (or p radians) angle
of 50° is = 180° – 50° = 130° 1 2
A B
3 4

5 6
C D
1 2 7 8

Ð1 + Ð2 = 180º
A A

Case – I
Corresponding angles : Ð1 = Ð5, Ð2 = Ð6, Ð4 = Ð8,
and Ð3 = Ð7 are pair of corresponding angles will be
P L equal.
Interior Alternate angles : Ð3 = Ð6, Ð4 = Ð5.

l Vertically opposite angles : Ð 1 = Ð 4, Ð 2 = Ð 3,


3 4 Ð5 = Ð8, Ð6 = Ð7 are pair of vertically opposite angles.
Q M
Ð Ð
O N
3 + 4 = 180º l Opposite interior angles : Ð3 + Ð5 = 180° and
Case – II
Ð4 + Ð6 = 180°.

l Linear pair : In the case I above, Ð1 and Ð2 form a TRIANGLES


linear pair. Two angles form a linear pair, if they have Types of Triangle : According to Sides :
one side common between them and the two angles
(i) Equilateral Triangle : A triangle whose all the three
are supplementary.
sides are equal, is called an equilateral D. If in DABC,
l Adjacent angles : Ð1 and Ð2 are called adjacent angles, if AB = BC = AC, then DABC is an equilateral triangle.
since they have one side common between them.
Also, all angles of an equilateral triangle are equal
i.e., ÐA = ÐB = ÐC = 60°.
D
C L1 L3 (ii) Isosceles triangle : A triangle with two equal sides
is an isosceles triangle.

1 L1 L2 Also, angles opposite to equal sides are equal.


A 2
B In isosceles DABC, if AB = AC

L1 & L2 are adjacent angles. then ÐACB = ÐABC.

l Vertically opposite angles : Let L1 and L2 be two


intersecting lines as shown below, then Ð1 and Ð2
are said to be vertically opposite angles. Also, Ð3 and A
Ð4 are vertically opposite angles.

1
3 4
2
B C
L2 L1

(iii) Scalene triangle : A triangle in which none of the


l Angles between parallel lines : Let AB and CD be two
three sides is equal is called a scalene triangle. In a
parallel lines that are intercepted by a transversal T ,
1 scalene triangle AB ¹ BC ¹ CA and ÐA ¹ ÐB ¹ ÐC
then we have.

SME–993
GEOMETRY
According to Angles : Congruency conditions :
(i) Acute angled triangle : It is one in which all the l S-S-S (Side-Side-Side) : Here, AB = DE,
angles are less than 90° or in other words, all the BC = EF and AC = DF, then
angles are acute.
\ DABC ~ DDEF by S-S-S congruency condition.
(ii) Right angled triangle : It is one with one angle equals
to 90°. side opposite to 90° is called hypotenuse.
(iii) Obtuse angled triangle : A triangle with one of its A D
angle greater than 90° or obtuse.
l Similar Triangles : If all the angles of a triangle are
equal to the angles of another triangle, then both are ~
called similar triangles [relation [represented as ~] to
each other.

¢
B C E F
A

l S-A-S (Side-Angle-Side) :
A
Here, AB = DE, AC = DF
and ÐA = ÐD then
\ DABC @ DDEF by SAS congruency condition.

B C B ¢ C ¢ A D

Here, ÐA = ÐA', ÐB = ÐB'.ÐC = ÐC', then DABC and


DA’B’C will be similar. So. DABC ~ DA’B’C’

AB BC CA
\ = =
A ¢B¢ B¢ C¢ C¢ A ¢
B C E F
l Congruent Triangles : Any two triangles are called
congruent triangles (relation represented as @ ), when
a triangle covers totally the other triangle. In other words Note : The angle involved in SAS condition must lie
if both triangles are exactly same (identical) to each between the sides.
other in sides or angles. l A-S- A (Angle-Side-An gle) : Here, Ð A = Ð D,
ÐC = ÐF and AC = DF, then
A D \ DABC @ DDEF by ASA congruency condition.

A D
~

B C E F

Here, in DABC and DDEF


B C E F
ÐA = Ð D, Ð B = Ð E, Ð C = Ð F, and AB = DE,
BC = EF, CA = FD then
Note : The side involved in ASA condition must lie
\ DABC ~ DDEF.. between the angles.

SME–994
GEOMETRY
R.H.S (Right-Hypotenuse-Side) : The medians make 6 triangles of equal areas. as–
ar DAFO = ar DFOB = ar DOBD = ar DODC = ar DCOE
A E
1
= ar DAOE.= ar DABC
6
l Altitude : An altitude is nothing but the height of a
triangle. It is a perpendicular drawn from a vertex to
the opposite side.

B C D F
A
A
If any two sides of a right angled triangle are equal
(separately) to any two corresponding sides of another
right angled triangle then both triangles are congruent. F
Here, ÐB = ÐD = 90° and AB = DE and AC = EF, then F P E
\ DABC = @ DEF..
B
Median : C D
B C
A D E

A triangle can have three altitudes. In case of an obtuse


triangle atleast one altitude lies out side the triangle.
E AD, BE and CF are altitudes.
F O
l Perpendicular Bisector : A line that bisect a side of
the triangle at right angle is called the perpendicular
Bisector. OD is the perpendicular bisector of BC if BD
B C = DC and Ð ODC = Ð ODB
D
= 90°.
A line drawn from a vertex to the opposite side of a
triangle, which divides the side into 2 equal parts is A
called a median.
Here, AD, BE and CF are medians and
BD = DC, CE = AE and
AF = BF F O E
Centroid (Centre of gravity) :

A B C
D

l Ortho centre : It is the point of intersection of three


Altitudes of a triangle. In DABC, O is the Orthocentre.
F O E

A
B C
D

A Centroid (point in figure) is the point of intersection


F O E
of three medians.
Rule 1. The centroid divides a median in the ratio of
2 : 1 with the larger part towards the vertex, i.e.,
G divides BE, CF and AD in the ratio of 2 : 1. B C
D
AO BO CO 2
\ = = = Here, AD, BE and CF are altitudes of DABC.
OD OE OF 1
\ ÐBOC + ÐA = 180°

SME–995
GEOMETRY
ÐAOB + ÐC = 180° (2) If in a certain triangle ABC, ÐB is obtuse angle, and
ÐCOA + ÐB = 180° AD ^ BC, then

l lncentre : The point of intersection of the Angle Bisectors AC2 = AB2 + BC2 + 2BC.AD
of a triangle is called the Incentre.

A
A

I
F
E
G

C D C
B B
HD

In DABC, given above AD, BE and CF are the angle (3) If in a certain DABC,
bisectors of A, B and C respectively. Therefore O is
the incentre, and OH, OI and OG are in-radii.
Circumcentre : A

The point of intersection of the Perpendicular Bisectors


of the sides of a triangle is called the circumcentre.
Here, O is the circum centre and OA, OB and OC are
circum radii.
Here, ÐBOC = 2 ÐA, ÐCOA = 2 ÐB, ÐAOB = 2 ÐC.

A B C
D

Ð C i s acute angl e, and AD ^ BC, then


AB2 = BC2 + AC2 - 2BC.DC.
F O E (4) Sum of interior angles of a triangle is 180° and sum
of exterior angles is 360°

B C
D y
2

3 x
1
Properties of Triangles : z
(1) Pythagoras theorem : In any right angled triangle
AB2 + BC2 = AC2, where \ Ð1 + Ð2 + Ð3 = 180°. Ðx + Ðy + Ðz = 360°.
AB is Perpendicular, BC is Base, AC is Hypoteneuse (5) In a triangle, sum of two sides is always greater
than third side.
A (6) In the given DABC

A
Ð1
B
Ð2 Ð3 Ð4
C

B C Ð4 = Ð1 + Ð2 and Ð3 + Ð4 = 180°.

SME–996
GEOMETRY
(7) In the given DABC If OB and OC are the bisectors of (11) If a line intersects two parallel lines, then bisectors
angles of triangle ÐB and ÐC, then ÐBOC of the interior angles make a rectangle.
\ LNMP is a rectangle.
ÐA
= 90° +
2
(8) If in the DABC, the sides AB and AC are extended F
and the bisectors of exterior angles of ÐB and ÐC L
A B
ÐA
meet at O then ÐBOC = 90 –
2 P
N

A C D
M
E

B C
(12) In the given DABC, AM is the bisector of angle ÐBAC

1
and AN ^ BC then ÐMAN = (ÐB – ÐC)
2

O
A
(9) In the given DABC, AD, BE and CF are the medians,
then

AB + BC + CA
AD + BE + CF >
2

A
B C
N M

F O E (13) In DABC, If BC is extended to D, and AL is the


bisector of exterior angle ÐA then ÐABC + ÐACD =
2 ÐALC.

B C
D
E
(10) In the given D ABC, if AD, BE and CF are the
Perpendiculars, then, AB + BC + CA > AD +
BE + CF.
A q
q
A

B D
C L

F E Here, BA is extended to BE.


90º 90º (14) In a DABC, if BC is extended to D and BE and CE
are the bisectors of ÐABC and ÐACD which meet at
90º 1
B C E, then ÐBEC = ÐA
2
D

SME–997
GEOMETRY
A

A E

80º 40º

B D B C
C D
(18) In any DABC, D and E are the mid-point of sides AB
1
(15) In the given quadrilateral, the bisectors of adjacent and AC respectively, then DE| | BCand DE = 2 BC,

1 AD AE
angles meet at P, then, ÐAPB = – (ÐC – ÐD) 1
2 area DADE = area (DABC) and =
4 BD EC
where < C > < D
A

D
A

D E

B C
B C F

According to figure, F is mid-point of BC then area


1
AB BD DDEF = area (DABC)
(16) In any DABC, if AD is the median then = . 4
AC DC
(19) In DABC, AD is the bisector of exterior angle ÐA,
BD AB
then, =
DC AC
A

A X

B C
D
B D
C

(17) In any DABC, if AD is the bisector of angle ÐA then, (20) In an equi lateral D ABC, if AD ^ BC, then,

AB BD
= b ABg 2
=
4
AC DC
b ADg 2 3

SME–998
GEOMETRY
2 2
\ 3(AB) = 4(AD) A
A

M N
90º

B C
B C (24) In DABC, ÐB = 90° and X and Y are the points on
D
sides AB and BC respectively,
(21) Here, DABC and DDEF are similar, then
then (AY)2 + (XC)2 = (AC)2 + (XY)2

A
area DABC
=
AB FG IJ = FG BC IJ = FG AC IJ = FG AX IJ
2 2 2 2

area DDEF DE H K H EF K H DF K H DY K
FP I 2
= GH P JK
1
2
X

P1 = Perimeter of DABC
B C
P2 = Perimeter of DDEF Y
(26) Circumcentre of a right angled triangle lies on the
A D mi d-po int of the hypotenuse, therefore,
AD = BD = DC = radius of circumcircle

B C E F D
X Y

(22) In the given figure, DABC is a right angled triangle,


in which P and Q are the mid-point on the side AB
and BC.
then 4 ((AQ)2 + (CP)2) = 5 (AC)2 = 20 (PQ)2 B C

(27) If DABC is a right angled D, such that ÐB = 90°.


A
And BD ^ AC.

then, BD = AD ´DC. and BD =ABAC´BC


P
A

90º
B C
Q D

(23) If in D ABC, BN and CM are the medians of the 90º


triangle intersecting at 90°, then (AB) 2 + (AC) 2
= 5 (BC)2.
B C

SME–999
GEOMETRY
(28) In the given figure DABC ~ DDEF
P1 = Perimeter of DABC A
P2 = Perimeter of DDEF

AB BC AC AX P1
\ DE = EF = DF = DY = P F E
2 G

A D
B C
D

(32) In the triangle ABC If medians BE and CF are equal


i.e., BE = CF then AB = AC
\ DABC is an isosceles triangle.
B C E F
X Y
A

(29) In the given figure, ABCD is a trapezium with


AB||DC

OA OB F E
then, = .
OC OD
G

A B B C

O (33) Triangles on the same base and between two parallel


lines are equal in area.

A D
D C

(30) If all of these medians bisect the angles from where Perpendicular
it start, then D will be equilateral. In the given figure,
AD and BE are medians of DABC, then BD = DC, B C M
AE = CE, ÐBAD = Ð CAD, ÐEBC = ÐEBA then
AB = BC = AC \ Area DABC = Area DBDC. (as both triangles lie on
\ DABC is an equilateral triangle. base BC)
(34) If a parallelogram and a triangle lie on same base
and between two parallel lines, then area of DABC
A
1
= (Area parallelogram EBCD)
2
x
x
F E A E
D

y z
y z
B C
D B M
N C

(31) In the given DABC, AD, BE and CF are the medians. (35) The perimeter of a quadrilateral is greater than the
If AD = BE = CF, then AB = BC = AC So, triangle sum of its diagonals.
DABC will be an equilateral triangle. \ AB + BC + CD + DA > AC + BD.

SME–1000
GEOMETRY

D C D C

O
O

A B
A B
(36) ABCD is a trapezium, AD||BC and E and F are l Square : The quadrilateral whose all sides are equal is
the mid-points of AB and DC respectively, then EF called square. Every angle is right angle (90°). Diagonals
1 AC and BD are equal and cut each other at 90°.
= (AB + CD) \ (i) AB = BC = CA = AD = side = a
2
(ii) diagonal (AC) = diagonal (BD) = 2 side = a 2
A D
(iii) ÐA = ÐB = ÐC = ÐD = 90° (every angle)
(iv) OD = OB = OA = OC

E F (v) Note that square is a special kind of rectangle as


well as rhombus. Hence, all properties of Rectangle
and Rhombus will be satisfied for a square.

B C D C

(37) ABCD is a trapezium, then AB||DC, P and Q


90º
are the mid-points of diagonals BD and AC
0

respectively, then PQ =
bDC - ABg
2

A B 90º
A B

O
l Rectangle : ABCD is a rectangle whose properties
are –
P Q
D C
D C
O
(38) ABCD is a rectangle, O is any point in
ABCD. then. OA2 + OC2 = OB2 + OD2.
A B
A B
(i) AB = CD and AB||CD, BC = DA and BC|| AD.
(ii) Diagonal AC = Diagonal BD.
O
(iii) ÐA = ÐB = ÐC = ÐD = 90°
(iv) AC2 = AB2 + BC2 = BD2 = BC2 + CD2
(v) AC bisects BD and vice versa
D C Parallelogram :

QUADRILATERALS ABCD is a parallelogram whose properties are–

l Quadrilaterals : Quadrilateral is a figure which is (i) AB = CD and AB||CD and BC = DA and BC||DA.
bounded by four straight lines. Here, ABCD is a (ii) diagonals AC and BD bisect each other means
quadrilateral in which BD and AC are two diagonals, OA = OC and OB = OD, but AC ¹ BD. [Note]
which cut each other at O. ÐA + ÐB + ÐC + ÐD = 360° (iii) ÐA = ÐC, ÐB = ÐD (opposite angles are equal)

SME–1001
GEOMETRY
(iv) ÐA + ÐB = ÐB + ÐC = ÐC + ÐD = ÐD + ÐA = 180° Some Properties of Quadrilaterals
(Sum of adjacent angles is 180°) l Polygon : Polygon is a sector (2D-shape) which is
bounded by three or more than three straight lines.
On the basis of number of sides, there are different
D C names of polygon. In Regular Polygons all sides are
equal.
O
Polygon No. of sides

A B Quadrilateral 4
Pentagon 5

Rhombus : Hexagon 6
Heptagon 7
ABCD is a Rhombus whose properties are–
Octagon 8
(i) AB = BC = CD = DA (all sides are equal)
Nonagon 9
(ii) AD||BC, and AB||CD.
Decagon 10
(iii) ÐA = ÐC and ÐB = ÐD (but not equal to 90°)
Properties of Regular Polygons :
(iv) ÐA + ÐB = 180°, ÐB + ÐC = 180°, ÐC + ÐD = 180°,
ÐD + ÐA = 180° [i.e. sum of Adjacent angles is (i) Sum of interior angles of a polygon
180°] = (n – 2) × 180° where n is no. of sides.

(v) The diagonals AC and BD bisect each other at 90°. (ii) Each exterior angle of a polygon = 180° – (every
It means AC ^ BD and OA = OC and OD = OB but interior angle).

AC ¹ BD. [Note]
(iii) Each interior angle of a polygon =
bn - 2g ´ 180°
n

D C (iv) Sum of all exterior angles of a polygon is 360°

360°
90º (v) Every exterior angle of a polygon = .
n
O (vi) Measurement of each angle at the centr e made by
360°
A B any side of a polygon =
n

(vii) Number of diagonals of a polygon =


b
n n-3 g
l Trapezium : ABCD is a quadrilateral in which two 2
sides (AB||DC) are parallel to each other but they are
Area of polygon :
not equal (AB ¹ DC), that is called trapezium.
(i) The area of a polygon of n sides

D C na 2 FG IJ
p
=
4
cot
H K
n
, where n = no. of sides, a

O = length of side.
(ii) Radius of outer circle of a polygon having n sides

A B a 180°
(R) = cosec .
2 n
Here, AB||DC But AD ¹ BC (iii) Radius of inner circle of a polygon having n sides (r)
l Rhomboid : The quadrilateral in which two adjacent a 180°
sides are equal to each other. = cot .
2 n

SME–1002
GEOMETRY
CIRCLE Note : Radius is always perpendicular to the tangent.
l Circle : A circle is a set of points, lying at a constant \ ÐORB = ÐORA = 90°, So, OR ^ AB.
distance from a fixed point. That constant distance is l Semi-circle : As the name suggest, semicircle is half
called radius (r) and the fixed point is called its centre. the circle.
minor Segment A diameter divides a circle into two semi-circles. APB
and AQB are two semicircles made by diameter AB.
Measure of a semicircle = 180°
P
Q B
tangent Chord minor
Centre arc P
2r diameter
C D O
radius O
q radius
Q
A (Sector) B A
l Arc : In the given circle, let A and B be any two points
on the circle.
Semicircle We get two arcs here (by two points) i.e. minor arc AB
and major arc AB. An arc is denoted by the symbol Ç
l Centre : The fixed point is called the centre of the e.g. arc AB or ( AB )
circle. In the above figure, O is the centre of the circle.
l Radius : OA, OB. OC are the radii of circle in the minor arc
above figure. A radius is the distance from centre of a
circle to any point on it’s circumference.
l Chord : Any line segment whose end points lie on the
circle is called a chord. PQ is the chord of circle with A B
centre O as shown above.
l Diameter : Diameter is the longest chord of the circle.
It is that chord, which passes through the centre. major arc
A diameter is twice the radius of a circle.
l Secant : A line segment that intersects a circle at two
points is called a secant. Here, PQ is the secant that
l Sector : The part of the circle which is bounded by an
intersects the circle at points A and B.
arc and two radius is called sector.

B
O

A
P
sector
B
A P
Here, OAPB is a sector.
l Tangent : A line that touches the circle at one and only
one point is called a tangent. l Segment : A circle is divided into two parts by a chord,
which are called segments. In the given figure, chord
AB divides circle into two segments, minor segment
R
A B and major segment.

major
segment
O

A B

minor segment
SME–1003
GEOMETRY
l Circumference : The perimeter of a circle is called its
circumference (C) and it is equal to 2 pr. i.e. C X
= 2pr

pr 2q
l Area of Sector : Area of sector OACB = , where
360°
q is the angle sub-tended at centre by ACB . B A
O

Y Z
C
O
l Cyclic Quadrilateral : It is a quadrilateral whose all

q four vertices lie on the circle. Also the sum of opposite


angles is equal to 180°.
\ Ð1 + Ð2 = 180°, also Ð2 + Ð3 = 180°
A B Þ Ð1 = Ð3.
C
i.e. In a cyclic quadrilateral, exterior angle is equal to
l Concentric circles : Two circles are said to be interior opposite angle.
concentric if they have the same centre.

A
1 B

r O 2 3
D C

R Properties of Circles :
l If a point lies outside the circle, then distance from
In the given figure, we have two concentric circles with that point to centre is greater than radius i.e. OP > OA
radius r and R, but with same centre O.
l Congruent Circles : Two circles having equal radii,
are called congruent circles.
l Central angle : Angle subtended at the centre is called
the central angle.
O
l Circumcircle : It is the circle drawn around a triangle,
in such a way that the vertices of a triangle lie on the
circle, as shown here. P

A A

l If a point lies inside the circle, then distance from that


i.e. OP < OA point to centre is less than radius.
O
B C

O
l Incircle : It is the circle drawn inside a triangle such
A
that all the three sides of triangle are tangents to the
circle. P
Since radius is perpendicular to the tangent OA ^ XZ,
OC ^ YZ and OB ^ XY. Also OA = OB = OC = r, O is
the incentre. l In the given figure. In two circles of same radii.

SME–1004
GEOMETRY
l If two circles do not touch each other then 4 tangents
can be drawn.

O O'
O O ¢
A B C D
l If two circles touch each other externally, then 3
If m AB = m CD then AB CD ~ tangents can be drawn.

It means, ÐAOB = ÐCO’D then arc AB ~ arc CD


Again, if AB ~
CD then m AB = m CD
i.e. if arc AB ~
arc CD then ÐAOB = ÐCO’D.

¢
* In the given circle,
O O
If AB = CD
\ AB = CD (Chords)

D l If two circles cut each other, then two tangents can be


A O drawn.

B O O ¢
l In the given figure chord AB = Chord CD, then minor
arc AB ~ minor arc CD as chord AC = Chord BD
\ AC ~ BD
l If one circle touches another circle internally, then only
C one tangent can be drawn.
A B

D
A O O
O
O ¢
B D C
l In the given figure, if OD ^ AB
AB l There is no common tangent of two concentric circles.
\ AD = BD =
2

\ OD = OA 2 - ADb g 2

r
l In the given figure if OP bisect AB, such that AP = BP,
A D B then OP ^ AB.

SME–1005
GEOMETRY

C D

90
º
90

º
O
A B
O

A B
P
l Angles lying on both sides of segments subtended by a
l Only one circle can be drawn through 3 non-collinear chord are supplementary to each other. Here AC is a
points. chord, then, Ða + Ðb = 180°
l In the given figure, if AB = CD, then OM = ON where
OM ^ AB and ON ^ CD D

A C a
A M B

O A C
M N
O
C
N D b
B D
B

Converse : If OM = ON then, l If a circle drawn interior to a parallelogram touches all


AB = CD. its sides, then the parallelogram is a Rhombus.
l In the given figure, ÐAOB = 2 ÐACB. i.e. Angle made \ ABCD is a rhombus.
by an Arc on centre = 2 × Angle made at circumference
by same arc. R C
D

C
S O

q Q

O A B
q
P
l Only one tangent can be drawn through a point on
circumference of circle.
A B l Two circles touch each other at point P then their
centres O and O’ and P will be collinear.
l Two angles subtended by the same arc AB on two
different points C&D at circumference are equal i.e.
ÐACB = ÐADB.
O P O

C D
l AB and CD are chords of circle which cut each other
q q at O. then OA × OB = OC × OD.

A D

A B
O
l Angles subtended by semicircle is right angle i.e. (90°),
. ÐACB = ÐADB = 90° C B

SME–1006
GEOMETRY
l According to given figure, chords AB and CD cut each and length of the transverse tangent

bC1C2 g2 -br1 +r2 g2


other at P externally, then,
PA × PB = PC × PD. = PS = QR =

P
A r1 Q
B
C1 C2
P r2
D S
R
C
l If a circle touches all the four sides of a quadrilateral
then sum of the opposite sides is equal.
l According to figure, PT is tangent at point T and AB is
\ AB + DC = AD + BC
a chord, then, PA × PB = (PT)2.
C
A B
P

D
T B
l According to figure, AB is tangent at point P, then,
ÐAPX = ÐPYX, ÐBPY = ÐPXY.

X A
l If C 1 and C 2 are two concentric circles and AB is
common chord and poi nt P is such that
Y OP ^ AB, then AC = BD

A B C1
P
l In the given figure, PA and PB are two tangents, from C2
a point P, then PA = PB. O
A 90º
C D
A B
P

O P

l C1 and C2 are two circles having centres O and O' and


AC and AD diameters respectively. Both circles cut
B each other at A and B. Then, C, B and D will be collinear.
l Here, C1C2 is the distance between centre of circles. B lies on CD. \ ÐCBD = 180°
\ length of each of the common tangent
C1
AB = CD = bC C g - b r
1 2
2
1 - r2 g 2 A
C2

r1
B O O¢
r2

C1 C2 C D
B
D
C qq q

SME–1007
GEOMETRY

QUESTIONS ASKED IN PREVIOUS SSC EXAMS


7. If the circumradius of an equilat- 12. ABC is an equilateral triangle and
TYPE–I eral triangle be 10 cm, then the CD is the internal bisector of Ð
measure of its in-radius is C. If DC is produced to E such
1. The in-radius of an equilateral that AC = CE, then Ð CAE is
triangle is of length 3 cm. Then (1) 5 cm. (2) 10 cm.
equal to
the length of each of its medians is (3) 20 cm. (4) 15 cm.
(1) 45° (2) 75°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
9 (3) 30° (4) 15°
(1) 12 cm (2) cm 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
2 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 26.10.2014)
8. If the incentre of an equilateral
(3) 4 cm (4) 9 cm triangle lies inside the triangle 13. G is the centroid of the equilat-
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. and its radius is 3 cm, then the eral D ABC. If AB = 10 cm then
11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone) side of the equilateral triangle length of AG is
2. If the orthocentre and the cen- is
5 3 10 3
troid of a triangle are the same, (1) cm (2) cm
(1) 9 3 cm (2) 6 3 cm 3 3
then the triangle is :
(1) Scalene (3) 3 3 cm (4) 6 cm (3) 5 3 cm (4) 10 3 cm
(2) Right angled (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
(3) Equilateral
Exam.16.09.2012) 14. The radius of the incircle of the
(4) Obtuse angled
9. In a triangle, if orthocentre, cir- equilateral triangle having each
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. side 6 cm is
cumcentre, incentre and cen-
21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting)
troid coincide, then the triangle (1) 2 3 cm (2) 3 cm
3. If in a triangle, the circumcen-
must be
tre, incentre, centroid and ortho- (3) 6 3 cm (4) 2 cm
(1) obtuse angled
centre coincide, then the trian- (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
(2) isosceles
gle is Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
(3) equilateral
(1) Acute angled (2) Isosceles 15. If the three medians of a trian-
(4) right-angled
(3) Right angled (4) Equilateral gle are same then the triangle is
(SSC CGL Tier-I
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (1) equilateral (2) isosceles
28.10.2012, Ist Sitting) Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014)
(3) right-angled (4) obtuse-angle
4. In a triangle, if three altitudes are 10. If ABC is an equilateral triangle (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
equal, then the triangle is Exam. 9.11.2014)
and P, Q, R respectively denote
(1) Obtuse (2) Equilateral 16. If in a triangle ABC as drawn in
the middle points of AB, BC, CA the figure, AB = AC and ÐACD =
(3) Right (4) Isosceles
then. 120°, then ÐA is equal to
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
(1) PQR must be an equilateral
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) A
triangle
5. If ABC is an equilateral triangle
(2) PQ + QR + PR = AB
and D is a point on BC such that
AD ^ BC, then (3) PQ + QR + PR = 2 AB
(1) AB : BD = 1 : 1 (4) PQR must be a right angled
120°
triangle 60°
(2) AB : BD = 1 : 2
(SSC CGL Tier-I B C D
(3) AB : BD = 2 : 1
(4) AB : BD = 3 : 2 Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) (1) 50° (2) 60°
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II 11. Let ABC be an equilateral trian- (3) 70° (4) 80°
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam.
Exam. 29.09.2013 gle and AX, BY, CZ be the alti-
19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting)
6. The side QR of an equilateral tri- tudes. Then the right statement
17. The side BC of a triangle ABC is
angle PQR is produced to the point out of the four given responses
extended to D. If ÐACD = 120°
S in such a way that QR = RS and is
(1) AX = BY = CZ 1
P is joined to S. Then the mea- and ÐABC = ÐCAB, then the
sure of ÐPSR is (2) AX ¹ BY = CZ 2
value of ÐABC is
(1) 30° (2) 15° (3) AX = BY ¹ CZ
(1) 80° (2) 40°
(3) 60° (4) 45° (4) AX ¹ BY ¹ CZ (3) 60° (4) 20°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013) (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 16.11.2014
10.11.2013, IInd Sitting) (Ist Sitting)
20.07.2014 (Ist Sitting)

SME–1008
GEOMETRY
18. For an equilateral triangle, the 23. Let G be the centroid of the equi- 29. The ratio of circumradius and
ratio of the in-radius and the ex- lateral triangle ABC of perimeter radius of an equilateral triangle
24 cm. Then the length of AG is is
radius is
8 (1) 1 : 2 (2) 3 : 1
(1) 1 : 2 (2) 1 : 2 (1) 2 3 cm (2) cm (3) 2 : 1 (4) 1 : 3
3
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 1 : 3 (4) 1 : 3 (3) 8 3 cm (4) 4 3 cm Exam. 30.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015 (SSC CGL Tier-II Online 30. If one angle of a triangle is equal
TF No. 567 TL 9) Exam.01.12.2016) to half the sum of the other two
19. If the three angles of a triangle 24. O is the orthocentre of DABC, and equal angles, then the triangle is :
if ÐBOC = 110°, then ÐBAC will (1) isosceles (2) scalene
are : be (3) equilateral (4) right angled
FG 6 x + 6°IJ (1) 110° (2) 70° (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(x + 15 °), H5 K and (3) 100° (4) 90°
(SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 02.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
31. G is the centroid of the equilat-
Exam. 08.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
FG 2x + 30°IJ , then the triangle is : 25. The altitude of an equilateral tri-
eral triangle ABC. If AB = 9 cm,
then AG is equal to
H3 K 2
(1) 3 3 cm. (2) 3 cm.
angle of side cm is :
(1) isosceles (2) right angled 3
(3) equilateral(4) scalene 3 3
4 4 (3) cm. (4) 6 cm.
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015 (1) m (2) m 2
3 3 (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279)
4 Exam. 08.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
20. Let ABC be an equilateral trian-
(3) m (4) 1 m 32. The lengths of the sides of a tri-
gle and AD perpendicular to BC. 3
angle are a, b and c respectively.
Then (SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online
Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
If a2 + b2 + c2 = ab + bc + ca,
AB2 + BC2 + CA2 = ?
26. ABC is an equilateral triangle. then the triangle is :
(1) 2AD2 (2) 3AD2 (1) isosceles (2) equilateral
Points D, E, F are taken in sides
(3) 4AD2 (4) 5AD2 AB, BC, CA respectively, so that (3) scalene (4) right-angled
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA AD = CF. Then AE, BF, CD en- (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam, 01.11.2015, IInd Sitting) closed a triangle which is : Exam. 10.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
21. The centroid of an equilateral tri- (1) equilateral triangle 33. PQR is an equilateral triangle. MN
angle ABC is G and AB = 10 cm. (2) isosceles triangle is drawn parallel to QR such that
The length of AG (in cm) is : M is on PQ and N is on PR. If PN
(3) right angle triangle
= 6 cm, then the length of MN is
10 (4) None of these (1) 3 cm (2) 6 cm
1
(1) 3 (2) (SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online (3) 12 cm (4) 4.5 cm
3 3 Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
27. The centroid of an equilateral tri- Exam. 11.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
10 3 3 angle ABC is G. If AB is 6 cms,
(3) (4) the length of AG is
3 3 TYPE–II
(1) 3 cm (2) 2 3 cm
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO 1. If DABC is an isosceles triangle
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 (3) 3 2 cm (4) 2 2 cm
with ÐC = 90° and AC = 5 cm,
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1375232) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) then AB is :
22. Let AX ^ BC of an equilateral tri- Exam. 01.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) and
(1) 5 cm (2) 10 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) Exam.
angle ABC. Then the sum of the 30.11.2016) and (SSC CGL Tier-II (3) 5 2 cm (4) 2.5 cm
perpendicular distances of the (CBE) Exam. 30.11.2016)
sides of DABC from any point (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
28. In DABC, the line parallel to BC 04.11.2012, Ist Sitting)
inside the triangle is :
intersects AB and AC at P and Q 2. ABC is an isosceles triangle such
(1) Equal to BC
respectively. If AB : AP = 5 : 3, that AB = AC and ÐB = 35°. AD
(2) Equal to AX is the median to the base BC.
then AQ : QC is :
(3) Less than AX (1) 3 : 2 (2) 2 : 3 Then ÐBAD is:
(4) Greater than AX (3) 3 : 5 (4) 1 : 2 (1) 70° (2) 35°
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, (3) 110° (4) 55°
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 Delhi Police Exam. 20.03.2016) (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1375232) (IInd Sitting) Exam. 21.04.2013, Ist Sitting)

SME–1009
GEOMETRY
3. ABC is an isosceles triangle with 9. If FGH is isosceles and FG 16. ABC is an isosceles triangle where
AB = AC. A circle through B AB = AC which is circumscribed
touching AC at the middle point < 3 cm, GH = 8 cm, then of the
following, the true relation is. about a circle. If P is the point
intersects AB at P. Then AP : AB
(1) GH = FH (2) GF = GH where the circle touches the side
is :
(3) FH > GH (4) GH < GF BC, then which of the following
(1) 4 : 1 (2) 2 : 3
(3) 3 : 5 (4) 1 : 4 (SSC CGL Tier-I is true?
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (1) BP = PC (2) BP > PC
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014)
Exam. 21.04.2013)
4. In an isosceles triangle, if the un- 10. If angle bisector of a triangle bi- 1
(3) BP < PC (4) BP = PC
equal angle is twice the sum of sect the opposite side, then what 2
the equal angles, then each equal type of triangle is it ?
(SSC CGL Tier-II Online
angle is (1) Right angled (2) Scalene Exam.01.12.2016)
(1) 120° (2) 60° (3) Similar (4) Isosceles
17. In an isosceles triangle ABC, AB
(3) 30° (4) 90° (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam.
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I = AC, XY ||BC. If ÐA = 30°, then
19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting) ÐBXY = ?
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
5. D ABC is an isosceles triangle 11. ABC is an isosceles triangle such (1) 75° (2) 30°
that AB = AC and AD is the me-
and AB = AC = 2a unit, BC = a (3) 150° (4) 105°
dian to the base BC with ÐABC
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
unit. Draw AD ^ BC , and find
= 35°. Then ÐBAD is Exam. 07.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
the length of AD . (1) 35° (2) 55° 18. The vertical angle A of an isosce-
(3) 70° (4) 110° les triangle DABC is three times
15 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014) the angle B of it. The measure of
(1) 15 a unit (2) a unit
2 12. In D ABC, BD and CE are per- the angle A is
pendicular to AC and AB respec- (1) 90° (2) 108°
17
(3) 17 a unit (4) a unit tively. If BD = CE, then D ABC is (3) 100° (4) 36°
2
(1) Equilateral (2) Isosceles (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
(3) Right–angled (4) Scalene Exam. 02.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
Exam. 29.09.2013
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC 19. DABC is isosceles having AB =
6. An isosceles triangle ABC is right-
Exam. 16.11.2014 , Ist Sitting
angled at B.D is a point inside the AC and ÐA = 40°. Bisectors PO
triangle ABC. P and Q are the feet TF No. 333 LO 2)
and OQ of the exterior angles
of the perpendiculars drawn from 13. In an isosceles triangle, if the
ÐABD and ÐACE formed by pro-
D on the side AB and AC respec- vertex angle is twice the sum of
ducing BC on both sides, meet
tively of D ABC. If AP = a cm, AQ the base angles, then the mea-
at O. Then the value of ÐBOC is
= b cm and ÐBAD = 15°, sin 75°= sure of the half of the vertex an-
gle of the triangle is (1) 70° (2) 110°
2b a (3) 80° (4) 55°
(1) (2) (1) 60° (2) 70°
3a 2b (3) 80° (4) 50° (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, Exam. 30.11.2016)
3a 2a
2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region) 20. DABC is an isosceles triangle with
(3) (4)
2b 3b TF No. 789 TH 7) AB = AC = 15 cm and altitude
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II 14. DABC is an isosceles triangle with from A to BC is 12 cm. The length
Exam. 29.09.2013 AB = AC = 10 cm, AD = 8 cm is of side BC is :
7. ABC is an isosceles triangle with the median on BC from A. The (1) 9 cm. (2) 12 cm.
AB = AC. The side BA is pro- length of BC is (3) 18 cm. (4) 20 cm.
duced to D such that AB = AD.
(1) 8 cm (2) 12 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
If ÐABC = 30°, then ÐBCD is
(3) 10 cm (4) 6 cm Exam. 28.08.2016 (Ist Sitting)
equal to
(SSC CGL Tier-I 21. In an isosceles DABC, AD is the
(1) 45° (2) 90°
Re-Exam, 30.08.2015) median to the unequal side meet-
(3) 30° (4) 60°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 15. ABC is an isosceles triangle in- ing BC at D. DP is the angle bi-
10.11.2013, IInd Sitting) scribed in a circle. If AB = AC = sector of ÐADB and PQ is drawn
8. In a triangle ABC, AB = AC, ÐBAC 12 5 cm and BC = 24 cm then parallel to BC meeting AC at Q.
= 40° Then the external angle at Then the measure of ÐPDQ is :
the radius of circle is
B is :
(1) 10 cm. (2) 15 cm. (1) 130° (2) 90°
(1) 90° (2) 70°
(3) 110° (4) 80° (3) 12 cm. (4) 14 cm. (3) 180° (4) 45°
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (SSC CGL Tier-II Online (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam.01.12.2016) Exam. 29.08.2016 (Ist Sitting)
Exam. 21.04.2013, Ist Sitting)

SME–1010
GEOMETRY
22. In the figure (not drawn to scale) 4. If the circumcentre of a triangle (1) 130° (2) 120°
given below, if AD = DC = BC lies outside it, then the triangle is (3) 140° (4) 110°
and ÐBCE = 96°, then ÐDBC is : (1) Equilateral (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
E (2) Acute angled Exam.16.09.2012)
C (3) Right angled 12. If two angles of a triangle are 21°
96° (4) Obtuse angled and 38°, then the triangle is
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (1) Right-angled triangle
04.11.2012 (IInd Sitting) (2) Acute-angled triangle
5. Taking any three of the line seg- (3) Obtuse-angled triangle
ments out of segments of length (4) Isosceles triangle
A D B 2 cm, 3 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm, the (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
(1) 32° (2) 84° number of triangles that can be
formed is : 20.07.2014 (Ist Sitting)
(3) 64° (4) 96°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 3 (2) 2 13. In DABC, ÐC is an obtuse angle.
Exam. 08.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) (3) 1 (4) 4 The bisectors of the exterior an-
23. In an isosceles triangle DABC, AB gles at A and B meet BC and AC
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
= AC and ÐA = 80°. The bisector produced at D and E respective-
Exam. 21.04.2013)
of Ð B and ÐC meet at D. The ly. If AB = AD = BE, then ÐACB =
6. If the length of the sides of a tri- (1) 105° (2) 108°
ÐBDC is equal to angle are in the ratio 4 : 5 : 6
(3) 110° (4) 135°
(1) 90° (2) 100° and the inradius of the triangle
(3) 130° (4) 80° is 3 cm, then the altitude of the (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) triangle corresponding to the larg- 14. A man goes 24 m due west and
Exam. 10.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) est side as base is : then 10 m due north. Then the
24. DABC is an isosceles right angled (1) 7.5 cm (2) 6 cm distance of him from the start-
(3) 10cm (4) 8 cm ing point is
triangle having ÐC = 90°. If D is
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (1) 17 m (2) 26 m
any point on AB, then AD2 + BD2
Exam. 21.04.2013) (3) 28 m (4) 34 m
is equal to
7. ABC is a triangle. The bisectors (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
(1) CD2 (2) 2CD2
of the internal angle ÐB and ex- 15. The perpendiculars drawn from
(3) 3CD 2
(4) 4CD2 the vertices to the opposite sides
ternal angle ÐC intersect at D. If
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) of a triangle, meet at the point
Exam. 12.01.2017) ÐBDC= 50°, then ÐA is
whose name is
(1) 100° (2) 90°
(1) incentre
TYPE–III (3) 120° (4) 60°
(2) circumcentre
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
1. The sides of a triangle are in the Exam. 21.04.2013) (3) centroid
ratio 3 : 4 : 6. The triangle is : 8. In a triangle ABC, the side BC is (4) orthocentre
(1) acute-angled extended up to D. Such that CD (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(2) right-angled = AC, if ÐBAD = 109° and ÐACB Exam. 20.10.2013)
(3) obtuse-angled = 72° then the value of ÐABC is 16. If in D ABC, ÐABC = 5 ÐACB and
(4) either acute-angled or right- (1) 35° (2) 60° ÐBAC = 3 ÐACB, then ÐABC = ?
angled (3) 40° (4) 45° (1) 130° (2) 80°
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (3) 100° (4) 120°
Exam. 16.12.2007) Exam. 21.04.2013) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
2. O and C are respectively the or- 9. The sum of three altitudes of a Exam. 20.10.2013)
thocentre and circumcentre of an triangle is 17. The exterior angles obtained on
acute-angled triangle PQR. The (1) equal to the sum of three sides producing the base BC of a tri-
points P and O are joined and (2) less than the sum of sides angle ABC in both ways are 120°
produced to meet the side QR at (3) greater than the sum of sides and 105°, then the vertical ÐA of
S. If ÐPQS = 60° and ÐQCR = 130°, (4) twice the sum of sides the triangle is of measure
then ÐRPS = (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (1) 36° (2) 40°
(1) 30° (2) 35° Exam. 19.05.2013) (3) 45° (4) 55°
(3) 100° (4) 60° 10. I is the incentre of D ABC, ÐABC (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. Exam. 27.10.2013 IInd Sitting)
= 60° and ÐACB = 50°. Then Ð
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (North Zone) BIC is : 18. If AD, BE and CF are medians of
3. In D ABC, AD is the internal bi- (1) 55° (2) 125° DABC, then which one of the fol-
sector of ÐA, meeting the side BC (3) 70° (4) 65° lowing statements is correct ?
at D. If BD = 5 cm, (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(1) (AD + BE + CF) < AB + BC + CA
BC = 7.5 cm, then AB : AC is Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (2) AD+BE + CF > AB + BC + CA
(1) 2 : 1 (2) 1 : 2 (3) AD+BE + CF = AB + BC + CA
(Delhi Zone)
(3) 4 : 5 (4) 3 : 5 11. I is the incentre of a triangle (4) AD+BE+CF= 2 (AB+BC+ CA)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. ABC. If ÐABC = 65° and ÐACB = (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (North Zone) 55°, then the value of ÐBIC is Exam. 27.10.2013 IInd Sitting)

SME–1011
GEOMETRY
19. In DABC, the internal bisectors 27. The points D and E are taken on 33. Angle between sss ÐB is
of ÐABC and ÐACB meet at I and the sides AB and AC of D ABC (1) 50° (2) 80°
ÐBAC = 50°. The measure of
ÐBIC is 1 1 (3) 40° (4) 60°
such that AD = AB, AE =
(1) 105° (2) 115° 3 3 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
(3) 125° (4) 130° AC. If the length of BC is 15 cm, 42. In a D ABC, Ð A + Ð B = 70° and
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC then the length of DE is : Ð B + Ð C = 130°, value of Ð A is
Exam. 10.11.2013, Ist Sitting)
(1) 10 cm (2) 8 cm (1) 20° (2) 50°
20. AD is the median of a triangle
ABC and O is the centroid such (3) 6 cm (4) 5 cm (3) 110° (4) 30°
that AO = 10 cm. The length of (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
OD (in cm) is 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone) Exam. 02.11.2014 (IInd Sitting)
(1) 4 (2) 5
28. D is any point on side AC of 43. In a D ABC, if 2 Ð A = 3 Ð B =
(3) 6 (4) 8
FCI Assistant Grade-III • ABC. If P, Q, X, Y are the mid- 6 ÐC, value of Ð B is
Exam. 25.02.2012 (Paper-I) points of AB, BC, AD and DC re-
(1) 60° (2) 30°
North Zone (Ist Sitting) spectively, then the ratio of PX
21. O is the incentre of DABC and (3) 45° (4) 90°
and QY is
ÐA = 30°, then ÐBOC is (1) 1 : 2 (2) 1 : 1 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(1) 100° (2) 105° Exam. 02.11.2014 (IInd Sitting)
(3) 110° (4) 90° (3) 2 : 1 (4) 2 : 3
44. If in a triangle ABC, D and E are
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
on the sides AB and AC, such
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone) 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (Delhi Zone)
22. Let O be the in-centre of a trian- that, DE is parallel to BC and
29. In D ABC, PQ is parallel to BC. If
gle ABC and D be a point on the AD 3
AP : PB = 1 : 2 and AQ = 3 cm;
side BC of DABC, such that OD = . If AC = 4 cm, then
^ BC. If Ð BOD = 15°, then AC is equal to BD 5
ÐABC = (1) 6 cm (2) 9 cm
AE is
(1) 75° (2) 45° (3) 12 cm (4) 8 cm
(1) 1.5 cm (2) 2.0 cm
(3) 150° (4) 90° (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
(3) 1.8 cm (4) 2.4 cm
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
Exam. 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting 30. In a triangle ABC, AB + BC = 12 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(Delhi Zone) cm, BC + CA = 14 cm and CA + 02.11.2014 (IInd Sitting)
23. In a triangle ABC, incentre is O AB = 18 cm. Find the radius of 45. AD is the median of a triangle
and ÐBOC = 110°, then the mea-
the circle (in cm) which has the ABC and O is the centroid such
sure of ÐBAC is :
same perimeter as the triangle. that AO = 10 cm. Length of OD
(1) 20° (2) 40°
(in cm) is
(3) 55° (4) 110° 5 7
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(1) (2) (1) 2 (2) 4
2 2
Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (3) 5 (4) 7
(East Zone) 9 11 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
24. The equidistant point from the (3) (4)
vertices of a triangle is called its : 2 2 Exam. 16.11.2014)
(1) Centroid (2) Incentre (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II 46. The measure of the angle be-
(3) Circumcentre (4) Orthocentre Exam.16.09.2012) tween the internal and external
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. bisectors of an angle is
31. If I be the incentre of D ABC and
21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting)
25. O is the in-centre of the DABC, if ÐB = 70° and ÐC = 50°, then the (1) 60° (2) 70°
ÐBOC = 116°, then ÐBAC is (3) 80° (4) 90°
magnitude of ÐBIC is
(1) 42° (2) 62° (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(3) 58° (4) 52° (1) 130° (2) 60°
Exam. 16.11.2014)
(SSC FCI Assistant Grade-III Main (3) 120° (4) 105°
Exam. 07.04.2013) (SSC CGL Tier-I 47. The internal bisectors of the an-
26. The external bisector of ÐB and Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) gles B and C of a triangle ABC
ÐC of DABC (where AB and AC 32. For a triangle ABC, D, E, F are ÐA
extended to E and F respective- the mid-points of its sides. If meet at I. If ÐBIC = + X,
2
ly) meet at point P. If ÐBAC =
D ABC = 24 sq. units then
100°, then the measure of then X is equal to
ÐBPC is DDEF is
(1) 60° (2) 30°
(1) 50° (2) 80° (1) 4 sq. units (2) 6 sq. units
(3) 8 sq. units (4) 12 sq. units (3) 90° (4) 45°
(3) 40° (4) 100°
FCI Assistant Grade-III (SSC CGL Tier-I (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014
Exam. 25.02.2012 (Paper-I) Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) (Ist Sitting)
North Zone (Ist Sitting)

SME–1012
GEOMETRY
48. In a DABC, the medians AD, BE 3 58. In D ABC, AB = AC, O is a point
and CF meet at G, then which of (3) greater than on BC such that BO = CO and
the following is true ? 4 OD is perpendicular to AB and
1 OE is perpendicular to AC. If
1 ÐBOD = 30° then measure of
(1) AD + BE + CF > (AB + BC (4) equal to
2 2 ÐAOE is
+ AC) (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi (1) 45° (2) 60°
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014
(2) 2(AD + BE + CF) > (AB + BC TF No. 999 KP0)
(3) 75° (4) 30°
+ AC) (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam,
53. In DABC, ÐA < ÐB. The altitude 2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region)
(3) 3 (AD + BE + CF) > 4(AB +
BC + AC) to the base divides vertex angle TF No. 789 TH 7)
(4) AB + BC + AC > AD+BE + CF C into two parts C1 and C2, with 59. O is the orthocentre of D ABC.
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014 C2, adjacent to BC. Then Then ÐBOC + ÐBAC is equal to
(Ist Sitting) (1) C1 + C2 = A + B (1) 120° (2) 135°
49. In DABC, D is the mid-point of (2) C1 – C2 = A – B (3) 180° (4) 90°
BC. Length AD is 27 cm. N is a (3) C1 – C2 = B – A (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 2014 12.04.2015
point in AD such that the length (Kolkata Region)
(4) C1 + C2 = B – A
of DN is 12 cm. The distance of TF No. 789 TH 7)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014
N from the centroid of DABC is 60. ABC is a triangle and the sides
TF No. 022 MH 3)
equal to AB, BC and CA are produced to
(1) 3 cm (2) 6 cm 54. If O is the in-centre of DABC; if E, F and G respectively. If ÐCBE
(3) 9 cm (4) 15 cm ÐBOC = 120°, then the measure = ÐACF = 130° then the value of
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 16.11.2014 of ÐBAC is ÐGAB is
(Ist Sitting) (1) 30° (2) 60° (1) 100° (2) 130°
50. In a D ABC, (3) 150° (4) 75° (3) 80° (4) 90°
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
AB BD (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378)
= , ÐB = 70° and Ð C TF No. 022 MH 3)
AC DC 61. The measures of two angles of a
55. In D ABC, Ð B = 60°, Ð C = 40°,
= 50°, then ÐBAD = ? triangle are in the ratio 4 : 5. If
AD is the bisector of Ð A and AE the sum of these two measures
(1) 60° (2) 20° is drawn perpendicular on BC is equal to the measure of the
(3) 30° (4) 50° from A. Then the measure of third angle, find the smallest an-
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
ÐEAD is gle.
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014
TF No. 999 KP0) (1) 40° (2) 30° (1) 10° (2) 50°
(3) 10° (4) 80° (3) 90° (4) 40°
51. In a D ABC, AD, BE and CF are
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
three medians. The perimeter of (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378)
Exam. 16.11.2014 , Ist Sitting
D ABC is always TF No. 333 LO 2) 62. Internal bisectors of ÐQ and ÐR
of DPQR intersect at O. If ÐROQ
(1) equal to e AD + BE + CF j 56. If the sides of a triangle are ex-
tended in both the sides then the = 96° then the vlaue of ÐRPQ is
sum of the exterior angles so (1) 36° (2) 24°
(2) greater than e AD + BE + CF j formed in both sides is (3) 12° (4) 6°
(1) 360° (2) 540° (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
(3) less than e AD + BE + CF j (3) 720° (4) 180° (Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279)
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC 63. G is the centroid of DABC. The
(4) None of these medians AD and BE intersect at
Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi right angles. If the lengths of AD
TF No. 545 QP 6)
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014 and BE are 9 cm and 12 cm re-
TF No. 999 KP0) 57. In DABC, ÐA = 90°, BP and CQ spectively; then the length of AB
are two medians. Then the value (in cm) is
52. In a D ABC, AD , BE and CF
(1) 9.5 (2) 10
are three medians. Then the ra- BP 2 + CQ 2 (3) 11 (4) 10.5
of is
e
tio AD + BE + CF j : BC 2 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279)
4 5 64. In DABC, D and E are two mid
e AB + AC + BCj is (1)
5
(2)
4 points of sides AB and AC respec-
tively. If ÐBAC = 40° and ÐABC =
3 3 3
(1) equal to 65° then ÐCED is :
4 (3) (4)
4 5 (1) 130° (2) 75°
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC (3) 125° (4) 105°
3
(2) less than Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
4 (IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783)
TF No. 545 QP 6)

SME–1013
GEOMETRY
65. O is the incentre of DPQR and 72. In D ABC, the internal bisectors (4) the bisectors of the angles
ÐQPR = 50°, then the measure of ÐB and ÐC meet at point O. If meet
of ÐQOR is : ÐA = 80°, then ÐBOC is equal to : (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(1) 125° (2) 100° (1) 100° (2) 120° Exam.11.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(3) 130° (4) 115° (3) 130° (4) 140° 79. G is the centroid of DABC. If AG
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015 (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO = BC, then measure of ÐBGC is
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783) & PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 (1) 45° (2) 60°
66. The internal bisectors of the ÐB (Ist Sitting) TF No. 1375232)
(3) 90° (4) 120°
and ÐC of the DABC, intersect 73. The sides of a triangle are in the
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
ratio of 7 : 9 : 12. The difference
at O. If ÐA = 100°, then the mea- Exam.11.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
between the lengths of largest
sure of ÐBOC is : and smallest sides is 15 cm. The 80. B1 is a point on the side AC of
(1) 140° (2) 120° length of the largest side would DABC and B1B is joined. A line is
(3) 110° (4) 130° be : drawn through A parallel to B1B
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015 (1) 36 cm (2) 12 cm meeting BC at A1 and another line
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783) (3) 60 cm (4) 24 cm is drawn through C parallel to B1B
67. In D ABC ÐBAC = 90° and AD ^ (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO meeting AB produced at C1. Then
BC. If BD = 3 cm and CD = 4 & PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015
cm, then the length of AD is (Ist Sitting) TF No. 1375232) 1 1 1
(1) – =
(1) 3.5 cm (2) 5 cm CC1 AA1 BB1
74. In DABC , ÐB = 60° , and
(3) 2 3 cm (4) 6 cm ÐC = 40° , AD and AE are re- 1 1 1
(2)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, spectively the bisector of ÐA CC1 + AA1 = BB1
25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685) and perpendicular on BC. The
68. AD is perpendicular to the inter- measure of ÐEAD is : 1 1 2
(3)
nal bisector of ÐABC of D ABC. (1) 11° (2) 10° BB1 – AA1 = CC1
DE is drawn through D and par- (3) 12° (4) 9°
allel to BC to meet AC at E. If the 1 1 2
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
length of AC is 12 cm, then the (4)
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 AA1 – CC1 = BB1
length of AE (in cm.) is (IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135)
(1) 3 (2) 8 (SSC CGL Tier-II Online
75. The side BC of a triangle ABC is
(3) 4 (4) 6 Exam.01.12.2016)
produced to D. If ÐACD = 112°
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 81. Astha cuts a triangle out of a card-
25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685) 3 board and tries to balance the
and Ð B = Ð A, then the mea-
69. What is the position of the cir- 4 triangle horizontally at the tip of
cumcentre of an obtuse–angled sure of Ð B is her finger. On what point will she
triangle? (1) 30° (2) 48° be able to balance the shape for
(1) It lies inside the triangle. (3) 45° (4) 64° any kind of triangle?
(2) It lies outside the triangle. (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (1) Incentre
(3) It is the mid–point of the larg- & PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015 (2) Circumcentre
est side. (Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918)
(3) Centroid
(4) It is the vertex opposite to 76. In a triangle ABC, if ÐA + ÐC =
the largest side. (4) Orthocentre
140° and ÐA + 3ÐB = 180°, then
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA (SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016)
ÐA is equal to (Ist Sitting)
Exam, 01.11.2015, IInd Sitting)
(1) 80° (2) 40°
70. In DABC, the external bisectors 82. BE and CF are two altitudes of a
of the angles ÐB and ÐC meet at (3) 60° (4) 20° triangle ABC. If AB = 6 cm, AC =
the point O. If ÐA = 70°, then the (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 5 cm and CF = 4 cm, then the
Exam.10.09.2016)
measure of ÐBOC is : length of BE is
77. Which of the set of three sides
(1) 55° (2) 75° (1) 4.8 cm (2) 7.5 cm
can’t form a triangle?
(3) 60° (4) 50° (3) 3.33 cm (4) 5.5 cm
(1) 5 cm, 6 cm, 7 cm
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE)
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
(2) 5 cm, 8 cm, 15 cm
(3) 8 cm, 15 cm, 18 cm Exam. 08.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 6636838)
(4) 6 cm, 7 cm, 11 cm 83. In a DABC, BC is extended upto
71. E is the mid-point of the median
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
AD of D ABC. BE is joined and 1
Exam.10.09.2016) D. ÐACD = 120°, ÐB = ÐA.
produced to meet AC at F. F di- 2
78. The orthocentre of a triangle is
vides AC in the ratio :
the point where Then ÐA is
(1) 2 : 3 (2) 2 : 1
(1) the medians meet (1) 60° (2) 75°
(3) 1 : 3 (4) 3 : 2
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (2) the altitudes meet (3) 80° (4) 90°
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015 (3) the right bisectors of the (SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 6636838) sides meet Exam. 08.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)

SME–1014
GEOMETRY
84. In DABC, D is the mid–point of 91. If in DABC, DE||BC, AB = 7.5 98. In DABC, ÐA = 90°, AD ^ BC and
BC and G is the centroid. If GD AD = BD = 2 cm. The length of
cm, BD = 6 cm. and DE = 2cm,
= 5 cm, then the length of AD is : CD is
(1) 10 cm (2) 12 cm then the length of BC in cm is :
(1) 3 cm (2) 3.5 cm
(3) 15 cm (4) 20 cm (1) 6 (2) 8
(3) 3.2 cm (4) 2 cm
(SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, (3) 10 (4) 10.5
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Delhi Police Exam. 05.06.2016) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 01.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(Ist Sitting) Exam. 29.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
85. Possible measures of three an- 99. The side BC of DABC is extend-
92. Suppose that the medians BD,
gles of a triangle are ed to the point D. If ÐACD = 112°
CE and AF of a triangle ABC meet
(1) 33°, 42°, 115°
at G. Then AG : GF is 3
(2) 40°, 70°, 80° and ÐB = ÐA, then the value
(3) 30°, 60°, 100° (1) 1 : 2 (2) 2 : 1 4
(4) 50°, 60°, 70° (3) 1 : 3 (4) 2 : 3 of ÐB is
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 64° (2) 48°
Exam. 27.08.2016) (Ist Sitting) Exam. 29.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) (3) 46° (4) 50°
86. BD and CE are two medians of 93. In case of an acute angled trian- (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
the triangle ABC. If EO = 7cm, gle, its orthocentre lies Exam. 02.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
then the length of CE is (1) inside the triangle 100. The lengths of side AB and side
B (2) outside the triangle BC of a scalene triangle ABC are
(3) on the traingle 12 cm and 8 cm respectively. The
(4) on one of the vertices of the size of angle C is 90°. Find the
E triangle approximate length of side AC.
O (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 12 (2) 9
Exam. 30.08.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(3) 14 (4) 16
A C 94. The centroid of a triangle is the (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
D point where Exam. 02.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(1) 28 cm (2) 14 cm (1) the medians meet
101. In DABC, DE||BC such that
(3) 21 cm (4) 35 cm (2) the altitudes meet
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) the right bisectors of the AD 3
= . If AC = 5.6 cm., then
Exam. 27.08.2016) (Ist Sitting) sides of the triangle meet BD 5
87. In D ABC, AB = a – b, AC = (4) the bisectors of the angles of AE is equal to
the triangle meet (1) 4.2 cm. (2) 3.1 cm.
a 2 + b 2 and BC = 2ab , (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 2.8 cm. (4) 2.1 cm.
then find angle B. Exam. 31.08.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(1) 60° (2) 30° 95. In a triangle PQR, the side QR is Exam. 03.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(3) 90° (4) 45° extended to S. ÐQPR = 72° and
102. In a triangle PQR, PQ = PR and
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) ÐPRS = 110°, then the value of
ÐQ is twice that of ÐP. Then ÐQ
Exam. 27.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) ÐPQR is :
is equal to
88. Possible lengths of the three sides (1) 38° (2) 32°
of a triangle are : (1) 72° (2) 36°
(3) 25° (4) 29°
(1) 2 cm, 3 cm and 6 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 144° (4) 108°
Exam. 31.08.2016) (Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(2) 3 cm, 4 cm and 5 cm
Exam. 03.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(3) 2.5 cm, 3.5 cm and 6 cm 96. In DABC, ÐB = 70° and ÐC = 60°.
The internal bisectors of the two 103. G and AD are respectively the
(4) 4 cm, 4 cm and 9 cm
smallest angles of DABC meet at centroid and median of the trian-
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
O. The angle so formed at O is gle D ABC.The ratio AG:AD is
Exam. 28.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
equal to
89. AD is the median of D ABC. If O (1) 125° (2) 120°
is the centroid and AO = 10 cm, (1) 3:2 (2) 2:3
(3) 115° (4) 110°
then OD is (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 2:1 (4) 1:2
(1) 5 cm (2) 20 cm Exam. 31.08.2016) (Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
97. If the angles of a triangle are in Exam. 04.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(3) 10 cm (4) 30 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) the ratio of 2 : 3 : 4, then the 104. A point P lying inside a triangle is
Exam. 28.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) difference of the measure of equidistant from the vertices of
90. Incentre of D ABC is I. ÐABC greatest angle and smallest an- the triangle. Then the triangle has
= 90° and ÐACB = 70°. ÐAIC is gle is P as its
(1) 115° (2) 100° (1) 20° (2) 30° (1) Centroid (2) Incentre
(3) 110° (4) 105° (3) 40° (4) 50° (3) Orthocentre (4) Circumcentre
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 01.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) Exam. 04.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
Exam. 28.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)

SME–1015
GEOMETRY

1 113. The difference between the larg- 120. The orthocentre of a triangle lies
105. In DABC if the median AD = est and the smallest angles of a on one of the sides. Then
2 (1) The orthocentre lies on a ver-
triangle whose angles are in the
BC, then ÐBAC is equal to ratio of 5 : 3 : 10 is tex
(1) 90° (2) 45° (2) circumcentre lies outside the
(1) 20° (2) 30°
(3) 60° (4) 75° triangle
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 50° (4) 70°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) circumcentre lies on the same
Exam. 04.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
Exam. 01.09.2016) (IInd Sitting) side
106. In DABC two medians BE and CF (4) centroid coincides with ortho-
intersect at the point O and P, Q 114. In DABC, AC = BC and ÐABC =
centre
are the midpoints of BO and CO 50°, the side BC is produced to
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
respectively. If the length of PQ D so that BC = CD then the val- Exam. 31.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
= 3cm, then the length of FE will ue of ÐBAD is 121. Three sides of a triangle are 5
be (1) 80° (2) 40° cm, 9 cm and x cm. The mini-
(1) 3 cm (2) 6 cm (3) 90° (4) 50° mum integral value of x is :
(3) 9 cm (4) 12 cm (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) (1) 2 (2) 3
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 30.11.2016) (3) 4 (4) 5
Exam. 06.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
107. In a triangle PQR, S and T are 115. DABC is a triangle, PQ is line seg- (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
ment intersecting AB in P and AC Exam. 31.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
the points on PQ and PR respec-
tively, such that ST || QR and in Q and PQ || BC. The ratio of 122. If the measures of the angles of
AP : BP = 3 : 5 and length of PQ a triangle are i n the ratio.
PS 3 1 : 2 : 3 and if the length of the
= , PR = 6 cm, then PT is is 18 cm. The length of BC is
SQ 5 smallest side of the triangle is 10
(1) 28 cm. (2) 48 cm.
cm, then the length of the long-
(1) 2 cm (2) 2.25 cm (3) 84 cm. (4) 42 cm.
est side is
(3) 3.5 cm (4) 4 cm (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(1) 20 cm. (2) 25 cm.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) Exam. 30.11.2016)
Exam. 06.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) (3) 30 cm. (4) 35 cm.
116. The mid-points of sides AB and (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
108. The point where the all three me- AC of a triangle ABC are respec- Exam. 31.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
dians of a triangle meet is called tively X and Y. If (BC + XY) = 12 123. In DABC, the height CD intersects
(1) Centroid (2) Incentre units, then the value of (BC – XY) AB at D. The mid-points of AB
(3) Circumcentre (4) Orthocentre is : and BC are P and Q respectively.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 2 units (2) 6 units If AD = 8 cm and CD = 6 cm,
Exam. 07.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) (3) 8 units (4) 4 units then the length of PQ is
109. An exterior angle of a triangle is (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 3 cm (2) 7 cm
115° and one of the interior op- Exam. 28.08.2016 (Ist Sitting) and (3) 9 cm (4) 5 cm
posite angles is 45°. Then the (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
other two angles are Exam. 29.08.2016 (Ist Sitting)) Exam. 01.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
(1) 65°, 70° (2) 60°, 75°
(3) 45°, 90° (4) 50°, 85° 117. In a triangle ABC, OB and OC are 124. The lengths of three line segments
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) the bisectors of angles ÐB and are given. Is construction of a
Exam. 31.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) ÐC respectively. ÐBAC = 60°. The triangle possible with the seg-
110. In a DABC, ÐA + ÐB = 75° and angle ÐBOC will be : ments in the given cases?
ÐB + ÐC = 140°, then ÐB is (1) 150° (2) 120° (1) 8 cm, 7 cm, 18 cm
(1) 40° (2) 35° (2) 8 cm, 15 cm, 17 cm
(3) 100° (4) 90°
(3) 55° (4) 45° (3) 10 cm, 6 cm, 4 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (4) 8 cm, 10 cm, 20 cm
Exam. 30.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
Exam. 31.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
111. In DPQR, straight line parallel to 118. If the difference between the
Exam. 01.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
the base QR cuts PQ at X and measures of the two smaller
125. The point equidistant from the
PR at Y. If PX : XQ = 5 : 6, then angles of a right angled triangle vertices of a triangle is called its
XY : QR will be is 8°, then the smallest angle is :
(1) incentre (2) circumcentre
(1) 5 : 11 (2) 6 : 5 (1) 37° (2) 41°
(3) orthocentre (4) centroid
(3) 11 : 6 (4) 11 : 5 (3) 42° (4) 49°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) Exam. 02.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
Exam. 31.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) Exam. 30.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
112. The mid points of AB and AC of 126. The sum of two angles of a tri-
119. Let O be the orthocentre of the angle is 116° and their difference
the DABC are P and Q respec-
triangle ABC. If ÐBOC = 150°, is 24°. The measure of the small-
tively. If PQ = 6 cm., then the
side BC is Then ÐBAC is est angle of the triangle is :
(1) 10 cm. (2) 12 cm. (1) 30° (2) 60° (1) 38° (2) 28°
(3) 8 cm. (4) 14 cm. (3) 90° (4) 120° (3) 46° (4) 64°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 01.09.2016) (IInd Sitting) Exam. 30.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) Exam. 02.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1016
GEOMETRY
127. In a DABC, DE || BC. D and E lie 135. In a DABC, if 4ÐA = 3 ÐB = 12 142. The point of intersection of all the
on AB and AC respectively. If AB ÐC, find ÐA. three medians of a triangle is
= 7 cm and BD = 3 cm, then find (1) 22.5° (2) 90° called its
BC : DE. (1) orthocentre(2) incentre
(3) 67.5° (4) 112.5°
(1) 2 : 3 (2) 3 : 2 (3) centroid (4) circumcentre
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 3.5 : 2 (4) 7 : 2 Exam. 07.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) Exam. 09.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
136. Which one of the following com-
Exam. 02.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
bination of measurements can 143. In a triangle, the distance of the
128. In DABC, ÐB = 35°, ÐC = 65° and
form the sides of a triangle? centroid from the three vertices
the bisector of ÐBAC meets BC
(1) 9 cm., 6 cm., 2 cm.. is 4 cm, 6 cm and 8 cm respec-
in D. Then ÐADB is :
(2) 11 cm., 3 cm., 12 cm. tively. Then the length of the
(1) 40° (2) 75°
(3) 3 cm., 5 cm., 8 cm. smallest median is :
(3) 90° (4) 105°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (4) 5 cm., 7 cm., 13 cm. (1) 8 (2) 7
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 6 (4) 5
129. The orthocentre of an obtusean- Exam. 07.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
gled triangle lies Exam. 09.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
137. In triangle ABC, ÐBAC = 90° and
(1) inside the triangle 144. The ratio of the angles of a trian-
AD is perpendicular to BC. If AD
(2) outside the triangle 2
= 6 cm and BD = 4 cm, then the
(3) on one side of a triangle gle is 1 : : 3. Then the small-
length of BC is : 3
(4) None of these
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 10 cm. (2) 12 cm. est angle is :
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) (3) 13 cm. (4) 15 cm.

130. In an acute–angled triangle ABC (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 21 (2) 25°
Exam. 07.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 7
3
if sin (B + C – A) = and tan (C 138. D and E are the points on the 5° 4°
2 sides AB and AC respectively of (3) 25 (4) 38
+ A – B) = 1, then C is equal to a DABC and AD = 8 cm, DB = 12
7 7
(1) 37.5° (2) 67.5° (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
cm, AE = 6 cm and EC = 9 cm,
(3) 52.5° (4) 72.5° Exam. 10.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
then BC is equal to :
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 145. In D ABC, DE || AC, where D
Exam. 04.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) 2 5 and E are two points lying on AB
131. In a triangle XYZ, which of the (1) DE (2) DE
5 2 and BC respectively. If AB = 5
following conditions is true?
cm and AD = 3 cm, then BE : EC
(1) XY – YZ > ZX 3 2
(3) DE (4) DE is
(2) XY + YZ < ZX 2 3 (1) 2 : 3 (2) 3 : 2
(3) XY – YZ < XZ (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 5 : 3 (4) 3 : 5
(4) XY + ZX < YZ Exam. 07.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 04.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 139. If in DABC, ÐB = 5 ÐC and ÐA = Exam. 11.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
132. In DABC, if ÐBAC = 90° and AB 3ÐC, then the measure of ÐC is 146. In a DABC, if ÐA + ÐB = 135°
= AC, then ÐABC is : (1) 45° (2) 30° and ÐC + 2 ÐB = 180°, then the
(1) 30° (2) 60° (3) 20° (4) 5° correct relation is :
(3) 45° (4) 25° (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) CA > AB (2) CA = AB
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) Exam. 08.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (3) CA < AB (4) CA + AB = CB
Exam. 06.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) 140. X and Y are the mid-points of (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
133. The point equidistant from the sides AB and AC of a triangle ABC. Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting)
sides of a triangle is called
If (BC + XY) = 12 units, then (BC 147. In a DABC, D and E are points
(1) Circumcentre
– XY) is on AC and BC respectively, AB
(2) Incentre
(1) 8 units (2) 4 units and DE are perpendicular to BC.
(3) Orthocentre
(4) Centroid (3) 6 units (4) 2 units If AB = 9 cm , DE = 3 cm and AC
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) = 24 cm, then AD is :
Exam. 07.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) Exam. 09.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (1) 32cm (2) 16cm
134. In DABC and DDEF, if ÐA = 50°, 141. In DPQR, L and M are two points (3) 8 cm (4) 4 cm
ÐB = 70°, ÐC = 60°, ÐD = 60°, on the sides PQ and PR respec- (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
ÐE = 70° and ÐF = 50°, then tively such that LM is parallel to Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting)
(1) DABC ~ DFED QR. If PL = 2cm. LQ = 6 cm and 148. I is the incentre of DABC and if
(2) DABC ~ DDFE PM = 1.5 cm, then MR (in cm) is ÐBAC =70°, then ÐBIC is
(3) DABC ~ DEDF (1) 0.5 (2) 4.5 (1) 140° (2) 55°
(4) DABC ~ DDEF (3) 9 (4) 8 (3) 125° (4) 35°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 07.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) Exam. 09.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting)

SME–1017
GEOMETRY
149. In a triangle the length of the side 5. Suppose DABC be a right-angled (1) 4 : 3 (2) 25 : 16
opposite the angle which mea- triangle where ÐA = 90° and AD (3) 16 : 9 (4) 25 : 9
sures 45° is 8 cm, what is the ^ BC. If D ABC = 40 cm2, DACD (SSC FCI Assistant Grade-III Main
length of the side opposite to the Exam. 07.04.2013)
angle which measures 90°? = 10 cm and AC = 9 cm, then
2
11. If the median drawn on the base
(1) 8 2 cm. (2) 4 2 cm. the length of BC is
of a triangle is half its base, the
(1) 12 cm (2) 18 cm triangle will be:
(3) 8 3 cm. (4) 4 3 cm. (3) 4 cm (4) 6 cm
(SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE) (1) right-angled
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
Exam. 15.01.2017) (IInd Sitting) (2) acute-angled
Exam.16.09.2012)
150. In a triangle ABC, ÐA = 70°, ÐB (3) obtuse-angled
= 80° and D is the incentre of 6. In a triangle ABC, ÐBAC = 90° (4) equilateral
DABC. ÐACB = 2x° and ÐBDC = and AD is perpendicular to BC. (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
y°. The values of x and y, respec- If AD = 6 cm and BD = 4 cm, Exam. 21.04.2013)
tively are then the length of BC is 12. In a right-angled triangle ABC, Ð
(1) 15, 130 (2) 15, 125 (1) 8 cm (2) 10 cm ABC = 90°, AB = 5 cm and BC =
(3) 35, 40 (4) 30, 150 (3) 9 cm (4) 13 cm 12 cm. The radius of the circum-
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. circle of the triangle ABC is
Exam. 12.01.2017) 04.11.2012 (IInd Sitting) (1) 7.5 cm (2) 6 cm
151. If O is the orthocentre of a trian- 7. In a right angled DABC, ÐABC = (3) 6.5 cm (4) 7 cm
gle ABC and ÐBOC = 100°, the 90°; BN is perpendicular to AC, (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
measure of ÐBAC is AB = 6 cm, AC = 10 cm. Then Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
(1) 100° (2) 180° AN : NC is 13. In a right-angled triangle, the
(3) 80° (4) 200° (1) 3 : 4 (2) 9 :16 product of two sides is equal to
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(3) 3 : 16 (4) 1 : 4 half of the square of the third side
Exam. 12.01.2017)
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I Exam. i.e., hypotenuse. One of the acute
TYPE–IV 11.11.2012 (Ist Sitting) angle must be
(1) 60° (2) 30°
8. For a triangle, base is 6 3 cm
1. Two medians AD and BE of (3) 45° (4) 15°
D ABC intersect at G at right and two base angles are 30° and (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
angles. If AD = 9 cm and BE = 60°. Then height of the triangle is Exam. 29.09.2013
6 cm, then the length of BD (in 14. A point D is taken from the side
(1) 3 3 cm (2) 4.5 cm
cm) is BC of a right-angled triangle ABC,
(1) 10 (2) 6 (3) 4 3 cm (4) 2 3 cm where AB is hypotenuse. Then
(3) 5 (4) 3 (1) AB2 + CD2 = BC2 + AD2
(SSC CPO (SI, ASI & Intelligence (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
28.10.2012, Ist Sitting) (2) CD2 + BD2 = 2 AD2
Officer) Exam. 28.08.2011 (Paper-I)
9. ABC is a right angled triangle, (3) AB2 + AC2 = 2 AD2
2. In DABC, Ð BAC = 90° and
right angled at C and p is the (4) AB2 = AD2 + BD2
1 (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
AB = BC . Then the measure length of the perpendicular from
2 Exam. 29.09.2013
C on AB. If a, b and c are the
of ÐACB is : length of the sides BC, CA and 15. D and E are two points on the
(1) 60° (2) 30° sides AC and BC respectively of
AB respectively, then
(3) 45° (4) 15° D ABC such that DE = 18 cm, CE
FCI Assistant Grade-III 1 1 1 = 5 cm and ÐDEC = 90°. If tan
Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I) (1) = -
East Zone (IInd Sitting) p2 b2 a2 ÐABC = 3.6, then AC : CD =
3. If the length of the three sides (1) BC : 2 CE (2) 2 CE : BC
of a triangle are 6 cm, 8 cm and 1 1 1 (3) 2 BC : CE (4) CE : 2 BC
(2) 2
= 2
+ (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
10 cm, then the length of the p a b2
median to its greatest side is Exam. 29.09.2013
(1) 8 cm (2) 6 cm 1 1 1 16. BL and CM are medians of
(3) 5 cm (4) 4.8 cm (3) + =- 2 DABC right-angled at A and BC =
p2 a2 b
(SSC Data Entry Operator
Exam. 31.08.2008) 3 5
1 1 1 5 cm. If BL = cm, then the
4. The length of the three sides of a (4) = - 2
right angled triangle are (x –2) cm, p2 a2 b2
length of CM is
x cm and (x + 2) cm respectively. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
Then the value of x is 04.11.2012, Ist Sitting) (1) 2 5 cm (2) 5 2 cm
(1) 10 (2) 8 10. In DABC, ÐA = 90° and AD ^ BC
(3) 4 (4) 0 (3) 10 2 cm (4) 4 5 cm
where D lies on BC. If BC = 8
(SSC Constable (GD) & Rifleman cm, AC = 6 cm, then DABC : (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(GD) Exam. 22.04.2012 (IInd Sitting) DACD =? 10.11.2013, Ist Sitting)

SME–1018
GEOMETRY
17. The ortho centre of a right an- 24. If the sides of a triangle are in
15 8
gled triangle lies (3) (4)
1 1 8 15
(1) outside the triangle the ratio 3 : 1 : 3 , then the
(2) at the right angular vertex
4 4 (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(3) on its hypotenuse triangle is & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
(1) Right triangle (IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752)
(4) within the triangle
(2) Obtuse triangle 31. In D ABC, AB = BC = k, AC
FCI Assistant Grade-III
Exam. 25.02.2012 (Paper-I) (3) Equiangular triangle = 2 k, then DABC is a :
North Zone (Ist Sitting) (4) Acute triangle (1) Isosceles triangle
18. If the measures of the sides of (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015 (2) Right-angled triangle
triangle are (x2 – 1), (x2 + 1) and TF No. 567 TL 9) (3) Equilateral triangle
2x cm, then the triangle would
25. A ship after sailing 12 km to- (4) Right isosceles triangle
be
wards south from a particular (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) equilateral & PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015
place covered 5 km more towards
(2) acute-angled (IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135)
east. Then the straightway dis-
(3) isosceles tance of the ship from that 32. The sides of a right triangle ABC
(4) right-angled place is are a, b and c, where c is the
(SSC CGL Tier-I hypotenuse. What will be the ra-
Exam. 19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting) (1) 11 km (2) 18 km dius of the in circle of this trian-
19. If each angle of a triangle is less (3) 15 km (4) 13 km gle?
than the sum of the other two,
then the triangle is
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) (1)
ba + b + c g (2)
ba + b – c g
(1) obtuse angled 26. If the measure of three angles of 2 2
(2) right angled
(3) acute angled
a triangl e are in the rati o
2 : 3 : 5, then the triangle is : (3)
bb + c – a g (4)
ba + c – b g
(4) equilateral (1) right angled 2 2
(SSC CGL Tier-I (2) isosceles (SSC CPO SI, ASI Online
Exam. 19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting) (3) obtuse angled Exam.05.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
20. ABC is a right-angled triangle with (4) equilateral 33. In DABC, ÐB is right angle, D is
AB = 6 cm and BC = 8 cm. A (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015 the mid–point of the side AC. If
circle with centre O has been in- AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm, then the
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279)
scribed inside DABC. The radius length of BD is
of the circle is 27. DABC is a right angled triangle
(1) 4 cm. (2) 5 cm.
(1) 1 cm (2) 2 cm with AB = 6 cm, AC = 8 cm, ÐBAC
(3) 8 cm. (4) 12 cm.
= 90°. Then the radius of the in- (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 3 cm (4) 4 cm
circle is Exam. 09.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
(1) 4 cm. (2) 2 cm. 34. In a right angled triangle if hy-
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
21. If the sides of a right angled tri- (3) 6 cm. (4) 3 cm. potenuse is 20 cm and ratio of
angle are three consecutive inte- (SSC CGL Tier-I other two sides is 4 : 3, the
gers, then the length of the small- Re-Exam, 30.08.2015) lengths of the sides are
est side is 28. In DABC, AD ^ BC and AD2 = (1) 4 cm. and 3 cm.
(1) 3 units (2) 2 units BD.DC. The measure of ÐBAC is: (2) 8 cm. and 6 cm.
(3) 4 units (4) 5 units (1) 60° (2) 75° (3) 12 cm. and 9 cm.
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (3) 90° (4) 45° (4) 16 cm. and 12 cm.
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 9.11.2014)
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015 Exam. 07.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
22. The angle in a semi-circle is 35. XYZ is a right angled triangle and
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752)
(1) a reflex angle ÐY = 90°. If XY = 2.5 cm and YZ
(2) an obtuse angle 29. ÐA of DABC is a right angle. AD
is perpendicular on BC. If BC = = 6 cm then the circumradius of
(3) an acute angle DXYZ is :
(4) a right angle 14 cm and BD = 5 cm, then mea-
(SSC CGL Tier-I sure of AD is : (1) 6.5 cm (2) 3.25 cm
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) (3) 3 cm (4) 2.5 cm
(1) 2 5 cm. (2) 5 cm. (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
23. In D ABC, ÐBAC = 90° and D is
Exam. 08.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
the mid–point of BC. Then which (3) 3 5 cm. (4) 3.5 5 cm.
of the following relations is true? 36. In a right angled triangle DDEF,
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) AD = BD = CD if the length of the hypotenuse
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
(2) AD = BD = 2CD (IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752) EF is 12 cm, then the length of
the median DX is
(3) AD = 2BD = CD 30. In DABC, ÐB = 90°, AB = 8 cm
(4) 2AD = BD = CD and BC = 15 cm, then sinC = ? (1) 3 cm. (2) 4 cm.
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC (3) 6 cm. (4) 12 cm.
Exam. 16.11.2014 , Ist Sitting
15 8 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
(1) (2)
TF No. 333 LO 2) 17 17 Exam. 12.01.2017)

SME–1019
GEOMETRY
13. In D ABC the straight line paral-
TYPE–V (1) 1 : 1 (2) 1 : 2 -1
lel to the side BC meets AB and
1. In D ABC and D DEF, AB = DE (3) 1 : 2 (4) 1 : 2 + 1 AC at the points P and Q respec-
and BC = EF. Then one can in- tively. If AP = QC, the length of
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
fer that AB is 12 units and the length of
Exam.16.09.2012)
D ABC @ D DEF, when AQ is 2 units, then the length (in
7. In DABC, DE || AC. D and E are
two points on AB and CB respec- units) of CQ is
(1) ÐBAC = ÐEDF
tively. If AB = 10 cm and AD = 4 (1) 4 (2) 6
(2) ÐACB = ÐEDF
cm, then BE : CE is (3) 8 (4) 10
(3) ÐACB = ÐDFE (1) 2 : 3 (2) 2 : 5 (SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC
(4) Ð ABC = ÐDEF (3) 5 : 2 (4) 3 : 2 Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I TF No. 545 QP 6)
Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting) Exam. 19.05.2013)
14. ABC is a triangle in which DE ||
2. In DPQR, S and T are points on 8. For a triangle ABC,D and E are
BC and AD : DB = 5 : 4. Then
sides PR and PQ respective- two points on AB and AC such
DE : BC is
ly such that ÐPQR =ÐPST. If 1 1
PT = 5 cm, PS = 3 cm and TQ = (1) 4 : 5 (2) 4 : 9
that AD = AB, AE = AC. If
3 cm, then length of SR is 4 4
(3) 9 : 5 (4) 5 : 9
(1) 5 cm (2) 6 cm BC = 12 cm, then DE is
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015
(1) 5 cm (2) 4 cm
31 41 TF No. 567 TL 9)
(3) cm (4) cm (3) 3 cm (4) 6 cm
3 3 (SSC CGL Tier-I 15. If in a triangle ABC, BE and CF
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) are two medians perpendicular
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014) to each other and if AB = 19cm
9. In triangle ABC a straight line
3. The perimeters of two similar tri- and AC = 22 cm then the length
parallel to BC intersects AB and
angles DABC and DPQR are 36 of BC is
AC at D and E respectively. If
cm and 24 cm respectively. If AB = 2AD then DE : BC is (1) 19.5 cm (2) 26 cm
PQ = 10 cm, then AB is
(1) 2 : 3 (2) 2 : 1 (3) 20.5 cm (4) 13 cm
(1) 15 cm (2) 12 cm
(3) 1 : 2 (4) 1 : 3 (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
(3) 14 cm (4) 26 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014) Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (Ist Sitting) TF No. 8037731)
10. In a D ABC, D and E are two
Exam. 9.11.2014) 16. The medians CD and BE of a tri-
points on AB and AC respective-
4. In DABC, two points D and E ly such that DE || BC, DE bi- angle ABC interest each other at
are taken on the lines AB and sects the DABC in two equal ar- O. The ratio D ODE : DABC is
BC respectively in such a way eas. Then the ratio DB : AB is equal to
that AC is parallel to DE. Then (1) 1 : (2) 1 : 2
2 (1) 12 : 1 (2) 4 : 3
DABC and DDBE are
(3) ( 2 – 1) : 2 (4) 2 : 1 (3) 3 : 4 (4) 1 : 12
(1) similar only if D lies outside
the line segment AB (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014) & PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015
(2) congruent only if D lies out-
side the line segment AB 11. In DABC, E and D are points on (Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918)

(3) always similar sides AB and AC respectively 17. DABC and DDEF are two similar
(4) always congruent such that ÐABC = ÐADE. If AE triangles and the perimeters of
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014 DABC and DDEF are 30 cm and
= 3 cm, AD = 2 cm and EB = 2
(Ist Sitting) 18 cm respectively. If the length
cm, then length of DC is
5. Inside a triangle ABC, a straight of DE = 36 cm, then length of AB
(1) 4 cm (2) 4.5 cm is
line parallel to BC intersects AB
(3) 5.0 cm (4) 5.5 cm (1) 60 cm. (2) 40 cm.
and AC at the point P and Q re-
spectively. If AB = 3 PB, then (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014 (3) 45 cm. (4) 50 cm.
PQ : BC is TF No. 022 MH 3)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(1) 1 : 3 (2) 3 : 4 12. D ABC and D DEF are similar.
Exam. 09.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(3) 1 : 2 (4) 2 : 3 Also Ð A = Ð D and Ð B = Ð E. If
18. If DPQR and DLMN are similar
(SSC FCI Assistant Grade-III Main 4AB = DE and BC = 12 cm, then
EF is equal to and 3PQ = LM and MN = 9 cm,
Exam. 07.04.2013)
(1) 3 cm (2) 24 cm then QR is equal to :
6. In DABC, D and E are points on
(3) 16 cm (4) 48 cm (1) 12 cm (2) 6 cm
AB and AC respectively such
that DE || BC and DE divides (SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC (3) 9 cm (4) 3 cm
the DABC into two parts of equal Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
TF No. 545 QP 6) Exam. 30.08.2016) (Ist Sitting)
areas. Then ratio of AD and BD is

SME–1020
GEOMETRY
19. The perimeter of two similar tri- 4. The length of the two adjacent 2. In a regular polygon, the exterior
angles ABC and PQR are 36 cms sides of a rectangle inscribed in and interior angles are in the ra-
and 24 cms respectively. If PQ = a circle are 5 cm and 12 cm re- tio 1 : 4. The number of sides of
10 cm then the length of AB is spectively. Then the radius of the the polygon is
(1) 18 cm (2) 12 cm circle will be (1) 10 (2) 12
(3) 15 cm (4) 30 cm (1) 6 cm (2) 6.5 cm (3) 15 (4) 16
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 8 cm (4) 8.5 cm (SSC Section Officer (Commercial
Exam. 01.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) Audit) Exam. 26.11.2006
20. Which of the following is a true Exam. 28.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) (Second Sitting)
statement? 5. PQRA is a rectangle, AP = 22 cm, 3. The difference between the exte-
(1) Two similar triangles are al- PQ = 8 cm. DABC is a triangle rior and interior angles at a ver-
ways congruent. whose vertices lie on the sides of tex of a regular polygon is 150°.
(2) Two similar triangles have PQRA such that BQ = 2 cm and The number of sides of the poly-
QC = 16 cm. Then the length of gon is
equal areas
(3) Two triangles are similar if the line joining the mid points of (1) 10 (2) 15
their corresponding sides are the sides AB and BC is (3) 24 (4) 30
proportional. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(1) 4 2 cm. (2) 5 cm.
(4) Two polygons are similar if 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (North Zone)
(3) 6 cm. (4) 10 cm.
their corresponding sides are 4. Each interior angle of a regular
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
proportional. polygon is 144°. The number of
Exam. 12.01.2017)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) sides of the polygon is
Exam. 30.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
TYPE–VII (1) 8 (2) 9
21. The perimeter of two similar tri- (3) 10 (4) 11
angles DABC and DPQR are 60 1. Inside a square ABCD, D BEC is (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
cm and 36 cm respectively. If PQ an equilateral triangle. If CE and 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (North Zone)
= 18 cm, then AB is : BD intersect at O, then ÐBOC is 5. If the sum of the interior angles
(1) 20 cm (2) 24 cm equal to of a regular polygon be 1080°, the
(3) 36 cm (4) 30 cm (1) 60° (2) 75° number of sides of the polygon is
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 6 (2) 8
(3) 90° (4) 120°
Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting) (3) 10 (4) 12
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
Exam. 29.09.2013 (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
TYPE–VI 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
2. A square is inscribed in a quar-
6. The number of sides in two regu-
1. Q is a point in the interior of a ter-circle in such a manner that
lar polygons are in the ratio 5 : 4
rectangle ABCD. If QA = 3 cm, two of its adjacent vertices lie on and the difference between each
QB = 4 cm and QC = 5 cm, then the two radii at an equal distance interior angle of the polygons is
the length of QD (in cm) is from the centre, while the other 6°. Then the number of sides are
two vertices lie on the circular
(1) 3 2 (2) 5 2 (1) 15, 12 (2) 5, 4
arc. If the square has sides of
length x, then the radius of the (3) 10, 8 (4) 20, 16
(3) 34 (4) 41
circle is (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(SSC Multi-Tasking Staff Exam. 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting
Exam. 17.03.2013, Kolkata Region) 16 x (Delhi Zone)
2. ABCD is a rectangle where the (1) 2x (2) 7. Each internal angle of regular
p+4
ratio of the length of AB and BC polygon is two times its exter-
is 3 : 2. If P is the mid-point of 2x 5x nal angle. Then the number of
AB, then the value of sin ÐCPB is (3) (4) sides of the polygon is :
p 2 (1) 8 (2) 6
3 2
(1) (2) (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 (3) 5 (4) 7
5 5
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
3 4 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting
(3) (4) (Delhi Zone) & (SSC CHSL DEO
4 5 TYPE–VIII & LDC Exam. 27.10.2013)
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II 8. Ratio of the number of sides of
Exam. 29.09.2013) 1. Each interior angle of a regular two regular polygons is 5 : 6 and
3. If the opposite sides of a quadri- polygon is three times its exteri- the ratio of their each interior
lateral and also its diagonals are or angle, then the number of sides angle is 24 : 25. Then the num-
equal, then each of the angles of of the regular polygon is : ber of sides of these two poly-
the quadrilateral is (1) 9 (2) 8 gons are
(1) 90° (2) 120° (3) 10 (4) 7 (1) 20, 24 (2) 15, 18
(3) 100° (4) 60° FCI Assistant Grade-III (3) 10, 12 (4) 5, 6
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) East Zone (IInd Sitting) 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)

SME–1021
GEOMETRY
9. Measure of each interior angle of (1) 5 (2) 6 24. PQRST is a cyclic pentagon and
a regular polygon can never be : (3) 7 (4) 8 PT is a diameter, then ÐPQR +
(1) 150° (2) 105° (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014) ÐRST is equal to
(3) 108° (4) 144° 17. An interior angle of a regular (1) 180° (2) 270°
polygon is 5 times its exterior (3) 216° (4) 144°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
angle. Then the number of sides (SSC CGL Tier-I
11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
of the polygon is Re-Exam, 30.08.2015)
10. The sum of all interior angles of 25. The interior angle of a regular
(1) 14 (2) 16
a regular polygon is twice the sum polygon exceeds its exterior an-
of all its exterior angles. The num- (3) 12 (4) 18
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014) gle by 108°. The number of the
ber of sides of the polygon is
18. The interior angle of a regular sides of the polygon is
(1) 10 (2) 8
polygon is 140°. The number of (1) 12 (2) 16
(3) 12 (4) 6
sides of that polygon is (3) 14 (4) 10
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
(1) 9 (2) 8 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam,
Exam.16.09.2012)
(3) 7 (4) 6 25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685)
11. The ratio between the number
of sides of two regular polygons (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014 26. Measure of each interior angle of
is 1 : 2 and the ratio between TF No. 022 MH 3) a regular hexagon is :
their interior angles is 2 : 3. The 19. In a regular polygon if one of its (1) 100° (2) 60°
number of sides of these poly- internal angle is greater than the (3) 45° (4) 120°
gons is respectively external angle by 132°, then the (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) 6, 12 (2) 5, 10 number of sides of the polygon & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752)
(3) 4, 8 (4) 7, 14 is
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II (1) 14 (2) 12 27. If the sum of all interior angles of
Exam.16.09.2012) a regular polygon is 14 right an-
(3) 15 (4) 16
12. There are two regular polygons gles, then its number of sides is
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014
with number of sides equal to (1) 8 (2) 9
(Ist Sitting)
(n – 1) and (n + 2). Their exterior (3) 7 (4) 6
20. If the ratio of an external angle
angles differ by 6°. The value of (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
and an internal angle of a regular
n is & PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015
polygon is 1 : 17, then the num-
(1) 14 (2) 12 (Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918)
ber of sides of the regular poly-
(3) 13 (4) 11 28. The measure of each interior an-
gon is
(SSC Multi-Tasking Staff Exam.
gle of a regular polygon with 8
(1) 20 (2) 18 sides is
10.03.2013, Ist Sitting : Patna) (3) 36 (4) 12
13. If each interior angle of a regular (1) 135° (2) 120°
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 16.11.2014
polygon is 150°, the number of (3) 100° (4) 45°
(Ist Sitting)
sides of the polygon is (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) 8 (2) 10 21. The sum of all internal angles of & PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015
(3) 15 (4) None of these a regular polygon whose one ex- (Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. ternal angle is 20° is 29. A polygon has 54 diagonals. The
10.11.2013, Ist Sitting) (1) 6400° (2) 3200° number of sides in the polygon is
14. The sum of interior angles of a (3) 2880° (4) 1440° (1) 7 (2) 9
regular polygon is 1440°. The (SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC (3) 12 (4) 15
number of sides of the polygon is Exam. 16.11.2014 , Ist Sitting (SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016)
(1) 10 (2) 12 TF No. 333 LO 2) (Ist Sitting)
(3) 6 (4) 8 22. The sum of the internal angles of 30. Two regular polygons are such
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. a regular polygon is 1440° The that the ratio between their num-
10.11.2013, IInd Sitting and SSC number of sides is ber of sides is 1 : 2 and the ratio
CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 9.11.2014)
(1) 8 (2) 10 of measures of their interior an-
15. Among the angles 30°, 36°, 45°, gles is 3 : 4. Then the number of
(3) 12 (4) 6
50° one angle cannot be an exte- sides of each polygon is
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam,
rior angle of a regular polygon. 2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region) (1)10 and 20 (2) 4 and 8
The angle is (3) 3 and 6 (4) 5 and10
TF No. 789 TH 7)
(1) 30° (2) 36° (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
23. The ratio of each interior angle to
(3) 45° (4) 50° Exam. 30.11.2016)
each exterior angle of a regular
(SSC CGL Tier-I 31. If an interior of a regular polygon
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) polygon is 3 : 1. The number of
sides of the polygon is is 170°, then the number of sides
16. If the sum of interior angles of a of the polygon is
regular polygon is equal to two (1) 9 (2) 7
(1) 36 (2) 20
times the sum of exterior angles (3) 6 (4) 8 (3) 18 (4) 27
of that polygon, then the number (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
of sides of that polygon is (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378) Exam. 04.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1022
GEOMETRY
5. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and 12. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral.
TYPE–IX O is the centre of the circle. If The side AB is extended to E in
ÐCOD = 140° and ÐBAC = 40°, such a way that BE = BC. If ÐADC
1. The length of the diagonal BD of = 70°, ÐBAD = 95°, then ÐDCE is
the parallelogram ABCD is 18 cm. then the value of ÐBCD is equal to
equal to
If P and Q are the centroid of the (1) 70° (2) 90°
D ABC and D ADC respectively (1) 140° (2) 120°
(3) 60° (4) 80°
then the length of the line seg- (3) 165° (4) 110°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
ment PQ is 04.11.2012, IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014)
(1) 4 cm (2) 6 cm 6. ABCD is a cyclic trapezium with 13. In a cyclic quadrilateral
(3) 9 cm (4) 12 cm
AB || DC and AB = diameter of ÐA + ÐC = ÐB + ÐD = ?
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
the circle. If ÐCAB = 30°, then
2. The side AB of a parallelogram ÐADC is D C
ABCD is produced to E in such
way that BE = AB. DE intersects
(1) 60°
(3) 150°
(2) 120°
(4) 30°
.
O

BC at Q. The point (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I A B


Q divides BC in the ratio Exam. 21.04.2013)
(1) 1 : 2 (2) 1 : 1 7. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. AB (1) 270° (2) 360°
(3) 2 : 3 (4) 2 : 1 and DC are produced to meet at (3) 90° (4) 180°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. P. If ÐADC = 70° and ÐDAB = (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 26.10.2014)
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone) 60°, then the ÐPBC + ÐPCB is 14. If ABCD be a cyclic quadrilateral
3. In a parallelogram PQRS, angle (1) 130° (2) 150° in which ÐA=4x°, ÐB = 7x°, ÐC
P is four times of angle Q, then (3) 155° (4) 180° = 5y°, ÐD = y°, then x : y is
the measure of ÐR is (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (1) 3 : 4 (2) 4 : 3
(1) 144° (2) 36° Exam. 21.04.2013) (3) 5 : 4 (4) 4 : 5
(3) 72° (4) 130° 8. A cyclic quadrilateral ABCD is (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 such that AB = BC, AD = DC, AC
15. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) ^ BD, ÐCAD = q. Then the angle
AD is a diameter. If ÐDAC = 55°
ÐABC =
then value of ÐABC is
TYPE–X
q (1) 55° (2) 35°
(1) q (2)
1. ABCD is a cyclic parallelogram. 2 (3) 145° (4) 125°
The angle ÐB is equal to : (3) 2q (4) 3q (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
(1) 30° (2) 60° (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I 16. The point of intersection of the
(3) 45° (4) 90° Exam. 19.05.2013) diagonals AC and BD of the cy-
FCI Assistant Grade-III clic quadrilateral ABCD is P. If
9. The diagonals AC and BD of a
Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I) ÐAPB = 64° and ÐCBD = 28°, the
East Zone (IInd Sitting)
cyclic quadrilateral ABCD inter-
sect each other at the point P. measure of ÐADB is
2. ABCD is a cyclic trapezium such
that AD||BC, if ÐABC = 70°, then Then, it is always true that (1) 32° (2) 36°
the value of ÐBCD is: (1) BP . AB = CD . CP (3) 56° (4) 28°
(1) 60° (2) 70° (2) AP . CP = BP . DP (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam,
2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region)
(3) 40° (4) 80° (3) AP . BP = CP . DP
TF No. 789 TH 7)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (4) AP . CD = AB . CP
17. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral.
11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (Delhi Zone) (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I Diagonals AC and BD meets at P.
3. ABCD is a cyclic trapezium whose Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) If ÐAPB = 110° and ÐCBD = 30°,
sides AD and BC are parallel to 10. A quadrilateral ABCD circum-
each other. If ÐABC = 72°, then then ÐADB measures
scribes a circle and AB = 6 cm,
the measure of the ÐBCD is (1) 55° (2) 30°
CD = 5 cm and AD = 7 cm. The
(1) 162° (2) 18° (3) 70° (4) 80°
length of side BC is
(3) 108° (4) 72° (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
(1) 4 cm (2) 5 cm (IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) 3 cm (4) 6 cm 18. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. AB
11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. and DC when produced meet at
4. If an exterior angle of a cyclic
quadrilateral be 50°, then the in- 10.11.2013, Ist Sitting) P, if PA = 8 cm, PB = 6 cm, PC =
terior opposite angle is : 11. In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD 4 cm, then the length (in cm) of
mÐA + mÐB + mÐC + mÐD =? PD is
(1) 130° (2) 40°
(1) 90° (2) 360° (1) 8 cm (2) 6 cm
(3) 50° (4) 90°
(3) 180° (4) 120° (3) 10 cm (4) 12 cm
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
Exam. 11.12.2011 (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013) (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam,
(IInd Sitting (East Zone) 20.07.2014 (Ist Sitting) 25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685)

SME–1023
GEOMETRY
19. The three successive angles of a 26. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral of 6. ABCD is a trapezium whose side
cyclic quadrilateral are in the ra- which AB is the diameter. Diago-
tio 1 : 3 : 4, find the measure of nals AC and BD intersect at E. If AD is parallel to BC . Diagonals
the fourth angle? ÐDBC = 35°, then ÐAED mea-
AC and BD intersect at O. If
(1) 72° (2) 108° sures
(3) 36° (4) 30° (1) 35° (2) 45° AO = 3 , CO = x - 3 ,
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (3) 55° (4) 90°
BO = 3 x - 19 and
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) DO = x - 5 ,
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1375232) Exam. 12.01.2017) the value(s) of x will be :
20. If ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral (1) 7, 6 (2) 12, 6
with Ð A = 50°, Ð B = 80°, then Ð TYPE–XI (3) 7, 10 (4) 8, 9
C and Ð D are (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
1. ABCD is a rhombus. A straight
(1) 100°, 130° (2) 115°, 115° Exam. 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting)
line through C cuts AD produced
(3) 110°, 120° (4) 130°, 100° at P and AB produced at Q. If 7. In a quadrilateral ABCD, the bi-
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
1 sectors of ÐA and ÐB meet at O.
& PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015 DP = AB, then the ratio of the
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918) 2 If ÐC = 70° and ÐD = 130°, then
length of BQ and AB is measure of ÐAOB is
21. The measures of three angles of (1) 2 : 1 (2) 1 : 2 (1) 40° (2) 60°
a quadrilateral are in the ratio 1 : (3) 1 : 1 (4) 3 : 1 (3) 80° (4) 100°
2 : 3. If the sum of these three (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014
measures is equal to the meas- 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
TF No. 022 MH 3)
rue of the fourth angle, find the 2. In a quadrilateral ABCD, with un-
smallest angle. equal sides if the diagonals AC 8. ABCD is a trapezium where AD ||
(1) 30° (2) 40° and BD intersect at right angles, BC. The diagonal AC and BD in-
then tersect each other at the point O.
(3) 60° (4) 50°
(1) AB2 + BC2 = CD2 + DA2 If AO = 3, CO = x – 3, BO = 3x – 19
(SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online
(2) AB2 + CD2 = BC2 + DA2 and DO = x – 5, the value of x is
Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(3) AB2 + AD2 = BC2 + CD2
22. In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, (1) – 8, 9 (2) 8, – 9
(4) AB2 + BC2 = 2(CD2 + DA2)
ÐBCD=120° and passes through
the centre of the circle. Then
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (3) – 8, – 9 (4) 8, 9
Exam. 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting
ÐABD = ? (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 2014 12.04.2015
(Delhi Zone)
(Kolkata Region)
(1) 30° (2) 40° 3. The ratio of the angles ÐA and
TF No. 789 TH 7)
(3) 50° (4) 60° ÐB of a non-square rhombus
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) ABCD is 4 : 5, then the value of 9. If PQRS is a rhombus and ÐSPQ
Exam. 29.08.2016 (Ist Sitting) ÐC is : = 50°, then ÐRSQ is
23. ABCD is a quadrilateral in which (1) 50° (2) 45° (1) 55° (2) 65°
BD and AC are diagonals then (3) 80° (4) 95° (3) 75° (4) 45°
(1) AB + BC + CD + AD < AC + BD (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
(2) AB + BC + CD + DA > AC + BD Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378)
(3) AB + BC + CD + DA = AC + BD (Delhi Zone)
10. ABCD is a cyclic trapezium whose
(4) AB + BC + CD + DA > 2 (AC + BD) 4. ABCD is a rhombus whose side sides AD and BC are parallel to
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) AB = 4 cm and ÐABC = 120°,
then the length of diagonal BD is each other. If ÐABC = 75° then
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) the measure of ÐBCD is :
equal to :
24. Three consecutive angles of a (1) 75° (2) 95°
cyclic quadrilateral are in the ra- (1) 1 cm (2) 2 cm
(3) 3 cm (4) 4 cm (3) 45° (4) 105°
tio of 1 : 4 : 5. The measure of
fourth angle is : (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
(1) 120° (2) 60° Exam. 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting
(East Zone) (Ist Sitting) TF No. 6636838)
(3) 30° (4) 80°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 5. ABCD is a rhombus. AB is pro- 11. If ABCD be a rhombus, AC is its
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) duced to F and BA is produced smallest diagonal and ÐABC =
25. In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, to E such that AB = AE = BF. 60°, find length of a side of the
the side AB is extended to a point Then : rhombus when AC = 6 cm.
X. If ÐXBC = 82° and ÐADB = (1) ED > CF (1) 6 cm. (2) 3 cm.
47°, then the value of ÐBDC is : (2) ED ^ CF
(3) 6 2 cm. (4) 3 3 cm.
(1) 40° (2) 35° (3) ED2 + CF2 = EF2
(3) 30° (4) 25° (4) ED || CF (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
Exam. 21.04.2013) (IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752)
Exam. 06.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1024
GEOMETRY
12. AB is a diameter of a circle hav- 17. At least two pairs of consecutive 6. The length of two chords AB and
ing centre at O. PQ is a chord angles are congruent in a _____. AC of a circle are 8 cm and 6 cm
which does not intersect AB. Join (1) Parallelogram and ÐBAC = 90°, then the radius
AP and BQ. If ÐBAP = ÐABQ, (2) Isosceles trapezium of circle is
then ABQP is a : (3) Rhombus (1) 25 cm (2) 20 cm
(1) cyclic square (4) Kite (3) 4 cm (4) 5 cm
(SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(2) cyclic trapezium
Exam. 16.01.2017) (IInd Sitting) 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
(3) cyclic rhombus
7. The distance between two paral-
(4) cyclic rectangle TYPE–XII lel chords of length 8 cm each in
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO a circle of diameter 10 cm is
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 1. Two equal circles of radius 4 cm
(1) 6 cm (2) 7 cm
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1375232) intersect each other such that
each passes through the centre (3) 8 cm (4) 5·5 cm
13. ABCD is a cyclic trapezium in (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
of the other. The length of the
which AD || BC. If ÐABC = 70°, common chord is : 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
then ÐBCD is 8. The length of the common chord
(1) 2 3 cm (2) 4 3 cm
(1) 110° (2) 80° of two intersecting circles is 24
(3) 70° (4) 90 (3) 2 2 cm (4) 8 cm cm. If the diameter of the circles
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) FCI Assistant Grade-III are 30 cm and 26 cm, then the
Exam.11.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I) distance between the centre (in
East Zone (IInd Sitting) cm) is
14. ABCD is a cyclic trapezium with
2. One chord of a circle is known to (1) 13 (2) 14
AD || BC. If Ð A = 105°, then
be 10.1 cm. The radius of this (3) 15 (4) 16
other three angles are
circle must be: (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
(1) ÐB = 75°, ÐC = 75°, ÐD = Exam.16.09.2012)
(1) 5 cm
105° 9. In a circle of radius 21 cm, an
(2) greater than 5 cm
(2) ÐB = 105°, ÐC = 75°, ÐD = (3) greater than or equal to 5 cm arc subtends an angle of 72° at
75° (4) less than 5 cm the centre. The length of the arc
(3) ÐB = 75°, ÐC = 105°, ÐD = FCI Assistant Grade-III is
75° Exam. 05.02.2012 (Paper-I) (1) 21.6 cm (2) 26.4 cm
(4) ÐB = 105°, ÐC = 105°, ÐD East Zone (IInd Sitting) (3) 13.2 cm (4) 19.8 cm
= 75° 3. The length of the chord of a cir- (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) cle is 8 cm and perpendicular dis- 21.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
Exam. 30.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) tance between centre and the 10. A unique circle can always be
15. If the parallel sides of a trapezi- chord is 3 cm. Then the radius drawn through x number of giv-
um are 8 cm. and 4 cm., M and of the circle is equal to : en non-collinear points, then x
N are the mid-points of the diag- (1) 4 cm (2) 5 cm must be :
onals of the trapezium, then (3) 6 cm (4) 8 cm (1) 2 (2) 3
(FCI Assistant Grade-III Exam.
length of MN is (3) 4 (4) 1
05.02.2012 (Paper-I) East Zone
(1) 12 cm. (2) 6 cm. (IInd Sitting) & (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) 1 cm. (4) 2 cm. Exam. 28.10.2012) (Ist Sitting) 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) 4. The length of a chord of a circle 11. Two parallel chords are drawn in
Exam. 30.11.2016) is equal to the radius of the cir- a circle of diameter 30 cm. The
16. ABCD is a trapezium in which AD cle. The angle which this chord length of one chord is 24 cm and
|| BC and AB = DC = 10 m. then subtends in the major segment the distance between the two
of the circle is equal to chords is 21 cm. The length of
the distance of AD from BC is :
(1) 30° (2) 45° the other chord is
A D (3) 60° (4) 90° (1) 10 cm (2) 18 cm
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (3) 12 cm (4) 16 cm
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I Exam.
10 m (North Zone) & (SSC GL Exam.
11.11.2012 (Ist Sitting) 11.11.2012 (Ist Sitting)
45° 5. AB = 8 cm and CD = 6 cm are 12. If two equal circles whose cen-
B C two parallel chords on the same tres are O and O¢, intersect each
side of the centre of a circle. The other at the point A and B, OO¢ =
distance between them is 1 cm. 12 cm and AB = 16 cm, then the
(1) 10 2 m (2) 4 2 m The radius of the circle is radius of the circle is
(1) 5 cm (2) 4 cm (1) 10 cm (2) 8 cm
(3) 5 2 m (4) 6 2 m (3) 3 cm (4) 2 cm (3) 12 cm (4) 14 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC Assistant Grade-III Exam.
Exam. 06.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (North Zone) 11.11.2012 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1025
GEOMETRY
13. Chords AB and CD of a circle in- 18. The length of the common chord 24. A square ABCD is inscribed in a
tersect externally at P. If AB = 6 of two circles of radii 30 cm and circle of unit radius. Semicircles
cm, CD = 3 cm and PD = 5 cm, 40 cm whose centres are 50 cm are described on each side as a
then the length of PB is apart, is (in cm) diameter. The area of the region
(1) 12 (2) 24 bounded by the four semicircles
(1) 5 cm (2) 7.35 cm
(3) 36 (4) 48 and the circle is
(3) 6 cm (4) 4 cm
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (1) 1 sq. unit (2) 2 sq. unit
(SSC Delhi Police S.I. (SI) Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting) (3) 1.5 sq. unit(4) 2.5 sq. unit
Exam. 19.08.2012) 19. Chords AB and CD of a circle (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
14. A circle (with centre at O) is intersect at E and are perpen- Exam. 21.04.2013)
touching two intersecting lines dicular to each other. Segments 25. Two circles touch each other in-
AX and BY. The two points of AE, EB and ED are of lengths 2 ternally. Their radii are 2 cm and
contact A and B subtend an an- cm, 6 cm and 3 cm respectively. 3 cm. The biggest chord of the
gle of 65° at any point C on the Then the length of the diameter greater circle which is outside
circumference of the circle. If P of the circle (in cm) is the inner circle is of length
is the point of intersection of the 1
65 (1) 2 2 cm (2) 3 2 cm
two lines, then the measure of (1) 65 (2)
2
ÐAPO is (3) 2 3 cm (4) 4 2 cm
(1) 25° (2) 65° 65
(3) 65 (4) (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
(3) 90° (4) 40° 2 Exam. 21.04.2013)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I 26. Two circles touch each other ex-
28.10.2012, Ist Sitting) Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting) ternally. The distance between
15. AB and CD are two parallel 20. Two circles with centre P and Q their centre is 7 cm. If the radi-
chords on the opposite sides of intersect at B and C. A, D are us of one circle is 4 cm, then
points on the circle such that A, the radius of the other circle is
the centre of the circle. If AB = C, D are collinear. If ÐAPB = (1) 3.5 cm (2) 3 cm
10 cm, CD = 24 cm and the ra- 130°, and ÐBQD = x°, then the (3) 4 cm (4) 2 cm
value of x is (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
dius of the circle is 13 cm, the
(1) 65 (2) 130 Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
distance between the chords is
(3) 195 (4) 135 27. A, B and C are the three points
(1) 17 cm (2) 15 cm (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I on a circle such that the angles
(3) 16 cm (4) 18 cm Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting) subtended by the chords AB and
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I 21. Two circles of same radius 5 cm, AC at the centre O are 90° and
Exam. 11.11.2012, Ist Sitting) intersect each other at A and B. 110° respectively. ÐBAC is equal
16. AB and CD are two parallel If AB = 8 cm, then the distance to
chords of a circle such that AB between the centre is : (1) 70° (2) 80°
= 10 cm and CD = 24 cm. If the (1) 6 cm (2) 8 cm (3) 90° (4) 100°
chords are on the opposite sides (3) 10 cm (4) 4 cm (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
of the centre and distance be- (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I Exam. 19.05.2013)
tween them is 17 cm, then the Exam. 21.04.2013) 28. N is the foot of the perpendicu-
22. AB is the chord of a circle with lar from a point P of a circle with
radius of the circle is :
centre O and DOC is a line seg- radius 7 cm, on a diameter AB
(1) 11 cm (2) 12 cm ment originating from a point D of the circle. If the length of the
(3) 13 cm (4) 10 cm on the circle and intersecting AB chord PB is 12 cm, the distance
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I produced at C such that BC = of the point N from the point B is
Exam. 21.04.2013, Ist Sitting) OD. If Ð BCD = 20°, then
5 2
17. A chord AB of a circle C1 of radi- ÐAOD = ? (1) 6 cm (2) 12 cm
(1) 20° (2) 30° 7 7
us e j
3 + 1 cm touches a circle (3) 40° (4) 60°
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (3) 3
5
cm (4) 10
2
cm
C2 which is concentric to C1. If 7 7
Exam. 21.04.2013)
23. In a circle of radius 17 cm, two (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
the radius of C2 is e j
3 – 1 cm., parallel chords of length 30 cm Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
29. A, B, C, D are four points on a
and 16 cm are drawn. If both
the length of AB is : the chords are on the same side circle. AC and BD intersect at a
of the centre, then the distance point E such that ÐBEC = 130o
(1) 24 3 cm (2) 8 3 cm
between the chords is and ÐECD = 20°. ÐBAC is
(1) 9 cm (2) 7 cm (1) 120° (2) 90°
(3) 4 4 3 cm (4) 4 3 cm
(3) 23 cm (4) 11 cm (3) 100° (4) 110°
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
Exam. 21.04.2013, Ist Sitting) Exam. 21.04.2013) Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)

SME–1026
GEOMETRY
30. If two concentric circles are of 37. In a right angled triangle, the cir- 43. Two chords AB and CD of a cir-
radii 5 cm and 3 cm, then the cumcentre of the triangle lies cle with centre O, intersect each
length of the chord of the larger (1) inside the triangle other at P. If ÐAOD = 100° and
circle which touches the smaller (2) outside the triangle
circle is ÐBOC = 70°, then the value of
(3) on midpoint of the hypotenuse
(1) 6 cm (2) 7 cm (4) on one vertex ÐAPC is
(3) 10 cm (4) 8 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013) (1) 80° (2) 75°
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II 20.07.2014 (Ist Sitting) (3) 85° (4) 95°
Exam. 29.09.2013 38. ‘O’ is the centre of the circle, AB (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
31. A chord 12 cm long is drawn in a i s a chord of the ci rcl e,
circle of diameter 20 cm. The 44. Chords AC and BD of a circle with
OM ^ AB. If AB = 20 cm, OM =
distance of the chord from the centre O intersect at right angles
centre is 2 11 cm, then radius of the cir-- at E. If ÐOAB = 25°, then the
cle is value of ÐEBC is
(1) 8 cm (2) 6 cm
(1) 15 cm (2) 12 cm (1) 30° (2) 25°
(3) 10 cm (4) 16 cm (3) 10 cm (4) 11 cm
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC (3) 20° (4) 15°
(SSC CGL Tier-I
Exam. 20.10.2013) Exam. 19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting) (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
32. If the chord of a circle is equal to 39. In DABC, ÐABC = 70°, ÐBCA = Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
the radius of the circle, then the 45. Two circles touch externally at P.
40°. O is the point of intersec-
angle subtended by the chord at
tion of the perpendicular bisec- QR is a common tangent of the
a point on the minor arc is
tors of the sides, then the angle circles touching the circles at Q
(1) 150° (2) 60° ÐBOC is and R. Then measure of Ð QPR is
(3) 120° (4) 30° (1) 100° (2) 120° (1) 60° (2) 30°
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (3) 130° (4) 140°
10.11.2013 (IInd Sitting) (3) 90° (4) 45°
(SSC CGL Tier-I
33. The angle subtended by a chord Exam. 19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
at its centre is 60°, then the ra- 40. A, B, C are three points on the 02.11.2014 (IInd Sitting)
tio between chord and radius is circumference of a circle and if 46. Two circles intersect each other
(1) 1 : 2 (2) 1 : 1 at the points A and B, A straight
AB = AC = 5 2 cm and ÐBAC =
line parallel to AB intersects the
(3) 2 :1 (4) 2 : 1 90°, find the radius.
circles at C, D, E and F. If CD =
(SSC CGL Tier-I (1) 10 cm (2) 5 cm
4.5 cm, then the measure of EF
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) (3) 20 cm (4) 15 cm
is
34. Each of the circles of equal radii (SSC CGL Tier-I
Exam. 19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting) (1) 1.50 cm (2) 2.25 cm
with centres A and B pass
41. In the given figure, Ð ONY = 50° (3) 4.50 cm (4) 9.00 cm
through the centre of one anoth-
and Ð OMY = 15°. Then the val- (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
er circle they cut at C and D then
Exam. 9.11.2014)
ÐDBC is equal to ue of the Ð MON is
(1) 60° (2) 100° 47. Two circles C1 and C2 touch each
(3) 120° (4) 140° other internally at P. Two lines
(SSC CGL Tier-I PCA and PDB meet the circles C1
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) in C, D and C2 in A, B respec-
35. For a triangle circumcentre lies 0 tively. If ÐBDC = 120°, then the
Y
on one of its sides. The triangle is value of ÐABP is equal to
(1) right angled 15° (1) 60° (2) 80°
50°
(2) obtused angled
M (3) 100° (4) 120°
(3) isosceles N
(4) equilateral (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
(SSC CGL Tier-I (1) 30° (2) 40° Exam. 16.11.2014)
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014) (3) 20° (4) 70° 48. Two circles having radii r units
36. The three equal circles touch each (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 26.10.2014) intersect each other in such a way
other externally. If the centres of that each of them passes through
42. Two chords of lengths a metre
these circles be A, B, C then ABC and b metre subtend angles 60° the centre of the other. Then the
is and 90° at the centre of the cir- length of their common chord is
(1) a right angle triangle cle respectively. Which of the (1) 2r units (2) 3r units
(2) an equilateral triangle following is true ?
(3) an isosceles triangle (3) 5r units (4) r units
(1) b = 2a (2) a = 2b
(4) a scalene triangle (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 16.11.2014
(SSC CGL Tier-I (3) a = 2b (4) b = 2a
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014) (Ist Sitting)
Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014)

SME–1027
GEOMETRY
49. Two circles with centres A and 59. The distance between the cen-
B of radii 5 cm and 3 cm re- (1) 6 5 cm (2) 6 3 cm
tres of the two circles of radii r1
spectively touch each other in- and r2 is d. They will touch each
ternally. If the perpendicular (3) 6 2 cm (4) 6 7 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, other internally if
bisector of AB meets the bigger
circle in P and Q, then the val- 2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region) (1) d = r1 or r2 (2) d = r1 + r2
ue of PQ is TF No. 789 TH 7)
55. Two circles of radii 10 cm and (3) d = r1 – r2 (4) d = r1r2
(1) 6 cm (2) 2 6 cm
8 cm intersect and the length of
(3) 3 6 cm (4) 4 6 cm the common chord is 12 cm. (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam, 30.08.2015)
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi Then the distance between their 60. In a circle with centre O, AB and
centres is CD are two diameters perpen-
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014)
(1) 10 cm (2) 8 cm dicular to each other. The length
50. Two parallel chords of a circle (3) 13.3 cm (4) 15 cm
of diameter 20 cm are 12 cm of chord AC is
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
and 16 cm long. If the chords Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015
are in the same side of the cen- (1) 2 AB (2) 2 AB
tre, then the distance between (Ist Sitting) TF No. 8037731)
them is 56. In a given circle, the chord PQ 1 1
(1) 28 cm (2) 2 cm is of length 18 cm. AB is the (3) AB (4) AB
2 2
(3) 4 cm (4) 8 cm perpendicular bisector of PQ at
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014 M. If MB = 3 cm, then the length (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam, 30.08.2015)
TF No. 022 MH 3) of AB is
61. AB is the diameter of a circle
51. Chords AB and CD of a circle with centre O. P be a point on
A
intersect at E. If AE = 9 cm, BE
= 12 cm and CE = 3DE, then the it. If Ð POA = 120°. Then, Ð
length of DE (in cm) is PBO = ?
(1) 60° (2) 120°
9 O
(1) (2) 4 (3) 45° (4) 50°
4
M (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA
(3) 6 (4) 7 P 3} 9 Q
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC Exam, 01.11.2015, IInd Sitting)
Exam. 16.11.2014 , Ist Sitting
B
62. In a circle with centre at O (0, 0)
TF No. 333 LO 2) (1) 27 cm. (2) 30 cm. and radius 5 cm, AB is a chord of
52. Let O be the centre of a circle. (3) 28 cm. (4) 25 cm. length 8 cm. If OM is perpendicu-
A, B, C and D are four points (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi lar to AB, then the length of OM
on the circumference of the cir- Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015
is:
cle in the given order, such that IInd Sitting) (1) 2.5 cm. (2) 3 cm.
Ð AOC = 130°. Then the mea-
57. Two chords of length a unit and (3) 4 cm. (4) 1 cm.
sure of Ð ABC and Ð ADC are
respectively. b unit of a circle make angles (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
(1) 65°, 115° (2) 65°, 65° 60° and 90° at the centre of a & PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
circle respectively, then the cor- (IInd Sitting) TF No. 7203752)
(3) 115°, 65° (4) 115°, 115°
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC
rect relation is 63. AB is the diameter of a circle with
Exam. 16.11.2014 , Ist Sitting 3 centre O and P is a point on its
(1) b = a (2) b =
TF No. 333 LO 2)
2 2a circumference. If ÐPOA = 120°,
53. Chords PQ and RS of a circle, then the value of ÐPBO is :
when produced, meet at a point (3) b = 2a (4) b = 3a (1) 30° (2) 60°
O. If PQ = 6 cm, OQ = 8 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
and OS = 7 cm, then length (in (3) 50° (4) 40°
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
cm) of the chord RS is
58. AB and CD are two parallel Exam.10.09.2016)
(1) 10 (2) 12
chords of a circle lying on the 64. An arc of 30° in one circle is
(3) 16 (4) 9 opposite side of the centre and double an arc in a second circle,
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, the distance between them is 17 the radius of which is three times
2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region)
cm. The length of AB and CD the radius of the first. Then the
TF No. 789 TH 7) are 10 cm and 24 cm respec- angles subtended by the arc of
54. Three circles of radius 6 cm each tively. The radius (in cm) of the the second circle at its centre is
touches each other externally. circle is :
Then the distance of the centre (1) 3° (2) 4°
(1) 13 (2) 9
of one circle from the line join- (3) 18 (4) 15 (3) 5° (4) 6°
ing the centres of other two cir- (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015 (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
cles is equal to Exam.10.09.2016)
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783)

SME–1028
GEOMETRY
70. Chord PQ is the perpendicular 76. AB is a diameter of the circle with
65. In a circle, a chord, 5 2 cm
bisector of radius OA of circle centre O, CD is chord of the cir-
long, makes a right angle at the cle. If ÐBOC = 120°, then the
with centre O (A is a point on the
centre. Then the length of the value of ÐADC is
edge of the circle). If the length
radius of the circle will be
(1) 42° (2) 30°
(1) 2.5 cm (2) 5 cm 2p (3) 60° (4) 35°
(3) 7.5 cm (4) 10 cm of Arc PAQ = . What is the (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
3
(SSC CGL Tier-II Online Exam. 30.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
Exam.01.12.2016) length of chord PQ ?
77. Two chords AB and PQ of a cir-
66. The perpendicular from the cen- (1) 2 (2) cle intersect at D inside a circle.
3
tre of a circle to a chord is 16 If AD = 4 cm., DB = 6 cm., QD =
cm. If the diameter of the circle (3) 2 3 (4) 1 3 cm., the length of PQ is equal to
is 40 cm, what is the length of (1) 11 cm. (2) 8 cm.
the chord ? (SSC CPO SI & ASI, Online
(3) 9 cm. (4) 10 cm.
(1) 12 cm (2) 16 cm Exam. 06.06.2016) (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 24 cm (4) 30 cm 71. A chord of length 16 cm is drawn Exam. 01.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016) in a circle of radius 10 cm. The 78. Two circles touch each other in-
(Ist Sitting) distance of the chord from the ternally. The radius of the larger
67. Two parallel chords of lengths 40 circle is 6 cm and the distance
centre of the circle is
cm and 48 cm are drawn in a between the centre is 2 cm, then
circle of radius 25 cm. What will (1) 8 cm (2) 6 cm the radius (in cms) of the other
be the distance between the two (3) 4 cm (4) 12 cm circle is
chords ? (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 8 (2) 2
(1) 8 cm (2) 15 cm Exam. 29.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) (3) 4 (4) 3
(3) 22 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
72. An angle in a semicircle is Exam. 02.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
(4) Either 8 cm or 22 cm
(SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016) (1) 45° (2) 60° 79. In a circle, a diameter AB and a
(Ist Sitting) (3) 90° (4) 120° chord PQ (which is not a diame-
68. If the length of a chord of a circle (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) ter) intersect each other at X per-
is equal to that of the radius of Exam. 29.08.2016) (IInd Sitting) pendicularly. If AX : BX = 3 : 2
the circle, then the angle sub- and the radius of the circle is 5
73. AB is a chord of a circle with 0
tended, in radians, at the centre cm, then the length of chord PQ is
as centre. C is a point on the cir-
of the circle by the chord is cle such that OC ^ AB and OC (1) 2 13 cm. (2) 5 3 cm.
p intersects AB at P. If PC = 2 cm (3) 4 6 cm. (4) 6 5 cm.
(1) 1 (2) and AB = 6 cm then the diameter
2 (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
of the circle is Exam. 30.11.2016)
p p (1) 6 cm (2) 6.5 cm 80. In a circle with centre O, AB is a
(3) (4)
3 4 (3) 13 cm (4) 12 cm diameter and CD is a chord which
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
is equal to the radius OC. AC and
Exam. 09.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) BD are extended in such a way
Exam. 30.08.2016) (Ist Sitting)
69. In the adjoining figure ÐAOC = that they intersect each other at
74. Two circles touch each other in- a point P, exterior to the circle.
140° where O is the centre of the
ternally. The greater circle has its The measure of ÐAPB is
circle then ÐABC is equal to :
radius as 6 cm and the distance (1) 30° (2) 45°
between the centres of the cir- (3) 60° (4) 90°
cles is 2 cm. The radius of the (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
other circle is Exam. 30.11.2016)
(1) 3 cm. (2) 4 cm. 81. Two chords AB and CD of a cir-
O (3) 2 cm. (4) 5 cm. cle with centre O intersect at P.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) If ÐAPC = 40°. Then the value of
Exam. 03.09.2016) (IInd Sitting) ÐAOC + ÐBOD is
140° (1) 50° (2) 60°
C 75. If the length of a chord of a circle
A (3) 80° (4) 120°
is 16 cm and is at a distance of
(SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
15 cm from the centre of the cir- Exam. 30.11.2016)
B cle, then the radius of the circle 82. The length of a chord which is at
(1) 110° (2) 100° (in cm) is : a distance of 5 cm from the cen-
(3) 90° (4) 40° (1) 15 (2) 16 tre of a circle of radius 13 cm is :
(SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, (3) 17 (4) 34 (1) 18 cm. (2) 24 cm.
Delhi Police Exam. 20.03.2016) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 25 cm. (4) 30 cm.
(IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 03.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
Exam. 31.08.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)

SME–1029
GEOMETRY
83. Two circles of radii 17 cm and 8 89. Points P, Q and R are on a circle
cm are concentric. The length of such that ÐPQR = 40° and ÐQRP TYPE–XIII
a chord of greater circle which = 60°. Then the subtended angle
by arc QR at the centre is : 1. The radius of two concentric cir-
touches the smaller circle is
(1) 80° (2) 120° cles are 9 cm and 15 cm. If the
(1) 15 cm (2) 16 cm
(3) 140° (4) 160° chord of the greater circle be a
(3) 30 cm (4) 34 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) tangent to the smaller circle,
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) Exam. 10.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) then the length of that chord is
Exam. 01.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 90. The length of a chord which is at (1) 24 cm (2) 12 cm
84. In the figure DABC is inscribed a distance of 12 cm from the cen-
(3) 30 cm (4) 18 cm
in a circle with centre O. If ÐABC tre of a circle of radius 13 cm is
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
= 30° then ÐACB is equal to (1) 10 cm. (2) 5 cm.
04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (North Zone)
(3) 6 cm. (4) 12 cm.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 2. If a chord of a circle of radius 5
A Exam. 10.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) cm is a tangent to another circle
91. Number of circles that can be of radius 3 cm, both the circles
drawn through three non-collinear being concentric, then the length
30° points is : of the chord is
B C
O (1) exactly one (1) 10 cm (2) 12.5 cm
(2) two
(3) 8 cm (4) 7 cm
(3) three
(4) more than three (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 04.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
(1) 30° (2) 60° Exam. 11.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 3. The tangents are drawn at the
(3) 50° (4) 90° 92. Two circles touch each other in- extremities of diameter AB of a
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) ternally. The radius of the smaller circle with centre P. If a tangent
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) circle is 6 cm and the distance to the circle at the point C
between the centre of two circles
85. In a circle, two arcs of unequal is 3 cm. The radius of the larger intersects the other two tangents
length subtend angles in the ra- circle is : at Q and R, then the measure of
tio 5 : 3. If the smaller angle is (1) 7.5 cm (2) 9 cm the ÐQPR is
45° then the measure of other an- (3) 8 cm (4) 10 cm (1) 45° (2) 60°
gle in degrees is : (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 90° (4) 180°
(1) 75° (2) 72° Exam. 11.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
93. Length of a chord PQ of a circle (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) 60° (4) 78°
with centre O is 4 cm. If the dis- 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (Delhi Zone)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 03.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) tance of PQ from the point O is 2 4. AB is a chord to a circle and PAT
cm, then the length of the diam- is the tangent to the circle at A.
86. A 8 cm long perpendicular is
eter is: If ÐBAT = 75° and ÐBAC = 45°,
drawn from the centre of a circle
to a 12 cm long chord. The diam- (1) 2 2 cm. (2) 3 2 cm. C being a point on the circle, then
eter of the circle is : ÐABC is equal to
(3) 5 2 cm. (4) 4 2 cm. (1) 40° (2) 45°
(1) 10 cm. (2) 12 cm.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(3) 16 cm. (4) 20 cm. (3) 60° (4) 70°
Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 94. A chord of length 39 cm is at a (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
Exam. 07.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) distance of 10.4 cm from the cen- 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (Delhi Zone)
87. The length of the radius of a cir- tre of a circle. Find the radius of 5. The tangents at two points A and
cle with centre O is 5 cm and the the circle. B on the circle with centre O
length of the chord AB is 8 cm. (1) 19.5 cm. (appr.) intersects at P ; If in quadrilateral
The distance of the chord AB from (2) 22.1 cm.(appr.) PAOB, ÐAOB: ÐAPB = 5 : 1, then
the point O is (3) 28.6 cm. (appr.)
measure of ÐAPB is :
(1) 2 cm. (2) 3 cm. (4) 2. 21 cm. (appr.)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 30° (2) 60°
(3) 4 cm. (4) 15 cm. Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting) (3) 45° (4) 15°
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 95. A chord of length 10 cm subtends (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
Exam. 09.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) an angle 120° at the centre of a 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (Delhi Zone)
88. Two circles touch each other ex- circle . Distance of the chord from 6. Two circles touch each other ex-
ternally. The distance between the centre is ternally at point A and PQ is a
their centres is 7 cm. If the radi- direct common tangent which
us of one circle is 4 cm, then the
5 3
(1) 5 3 cm. (2) cm. touches the circles at P and Q
radius of the other circle will be 2
respectively. Then ÐPAQ =
(1) 3 cm. (2) 4 cm. 5 (1) 45° (2) 90°
(3) 5.5 cm. (4) 3.5 cm. (3) cm. (4) 5 cm. (3) 80° (4) 100°
3
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 10.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) 11.12.2011 (Ist Sitting (East Zone)
Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting)

SME–1030
GEOMETRY
7. PR is tangent to a circle, with cen- the points P and Q meet each 18. The minimum number of com-
tre O and radius 4 cm, at point other at the point S. If ÐPSQ = mon tangents drawn to two cir-
Q. If ÐPOR = 90°,OR = 5 cm and cles when both the circles touch
20°, then ÐPRQ = ?
each other externally is
20 (1) 80° (2) 200° (1) 1 (2) 2
OP = cm, then (in cm) the (3) 160° (4) 100°
3 (3) 3 (4) 0
length of PR is : (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (SSC CGL Tier-I
Exam. 21.04.2013, Ist Sitting) Re-Exam. (2013) 27.04.2014)
16
(1) 3 (2) 13. Two circles intersect at A and B. 19. The length of a tangent from
3 P is a point on produced BA. PT an external point to a circle is
23 25 and PQ are tangents to the cir- 5 3 unit. If radius of the circle
(3) (4) cles. The relation of PT and PQ is is 5 units, then the distance of
3 3
(1) PT = 2PQ (2) PT < PQ the point from the circle is
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) PT > PQ (4) PT = PQ (1) 5 units (2) 15 units
11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (East Zone)
8. Two circles touch each other (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (3) -5 units (4) -15 units
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014)
externally at P. AB is a direct
common tangent to the two 14. The length of the tangent drawn 20. Two circles are of radii 7 cm and
to a circle of radius 4 cm from a 2 cm their centres being 13cm
circles, A and B are point of
point 5 cm away from the centre apart. Then the length of direct
contact and Ð PAB = 35°. Then common tangent to the circles
Ð ABP is of the circle is
between the points of contact is
(1) 35° (2) 55° (1) 3 cm (2) 4 2 cm (1) 12 cm (2) 15 cm
(3) 65° (4) 75° (3) 10 cm (4) 5 cm
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II (3) 5 2 cm (4) 3 2 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014)
Exam.16.09.2012) 21. The radius of a circle is 6 cm.
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
9. If the radii of two circles be 6 The distance of a point lying out-
Exam. 19.05.2013)
cm and 3 cm and the length of side the circle from the centre is
the transverse common tangent 15. From a point P, two tangents PA
10 cm. The length of the tangent
be 8 cm, then the distance be- and PB are drawn to a circle with drawn from the outside point to
tween the two centres is centre O. If OP is equal to diameter the circle is
of the circle, then ÐAPB is (1) 5 cm (2) 6 cm
(1) 145 cm (2) 140 cm (1) 45° (2) 90° (3) 7 cm (4) 8 cm
(3) (3) 30° (4) 60° (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 21.09.2014)
150 cm (4) 135 cm
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC 22. DE is a tangent to the circum-
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
Exam. 20.10.2013) circle of DABC at the vertex A
Exam.16.09.2012) such that DE|| BC. If AB = 17
10. The distance between the centre 16. The radii of two concentric cir-
cm, then the length of AC is
of two equal circles, each of radi- cles are 13 cm and 8 cm. AB is equal to
us 3 cm, is 10 cm. The length of a diameter of the bigger circle (1) 16.0 cm (2) 16.8 cm
a transverse common tangent is and BD is a tangent to the small-
(3) 17.3 cm (4) 17 cm
(1) 8 cm (2) 10 cm er circle touching it at D and the
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
bigger circle at E. Point A is Exam. 16.11.2014)
(3) 4 cm (4) 6 cm
joined to D. The length of AD is 23. The distance between the cen-
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(1) 20 cm (2) 19 cm tres of two circles with radii 9
21.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
(3) 18 cm (4) 17 cm cm and 16 cm is 25 cm. The
11. The radii of two circles are 5cm length of the segment of the tan-
and 3cm, the distance between (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
27.10.2013 IInd Sitting)
gent between them is
their centre is 24 cm. Then the (1) 24 cm (2) 25 cm
length of the transverse common 17. PQ is a chord of length 8 cm, of
tangent is a circle with centre O and of ra- 50
(3) cm (4) 12 cm
dius 5 cm. The tangents at P and 3
(1) 16 cm (2) 15 2 cm Q intersect at a point T. The (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
length of TP is Exam. 16.11.2014)
(3) 16 2 cm (4) 15 cm 24. ST is a tangent to the circle at P
20 21 and QR is a diameter of the cir-
(SSC Delhi Police S.I. (1) cm (2) cm
(SI) Exam. 19.08.2012) 3 4 cle. If ÐRPT = 50°, then the val-
12. P and Q are two points on a ue of ÐSPQ is
10 15 (1) 40° (2) 60°
circle with centre at O. R is a (3) cm (4) cm
point on the minor arc of the
3 4 (3) 80° (4) 100°
circle, between the points P and (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014
Q. The tangents to the circle at 10.11.2013, IInd Sitting) (Ist Sitting)

SME–1031
GEOMETRY
25. If PA and PB are two tangents to 32. In the given figure, PAB is a se- (1) 4.5 cm (2) 7.5 cm
a circle with centre O such that cant and PT is a tangent to the (3) 6 cm (4) 3 cm
ÐAOB = 110°, then ÐAPB is circle from P. If PT = 5 cm, PA = (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
(1) 90° (2) 70° 4 cm and AB = x cm, then x is (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378)
(3) 60° (4) 55° 37. AC is transverse common tan-
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 02.11.2014 T
gent to two circles with centres
(Ist Sitting) 5 cm
P and Q and radii 6 cm and 3
26. Two circles with radii 25 cm and cm at the point A and C respec-
P
9 cm touch each other external- 4 cm A tively. If AC cuts PQ at the point
ly. The length of the direct com- x cm B
B and AB = 8cm then the length
mon tangent is
of PQ is :
(1) 34 cm (2) 30 cm
(3) 36 cm (4) 32 cm 4 9 (1) 13 cm (2) 12 cm
(1) cm (2) cm
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi 9 4 (3) 10 cm (4) 15 cm
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014 (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
TF No. 999 KP0) 2 (IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783)
(3) 5 cm (4) cm
27. In a circle with centre O, AB is a 3 38. A point Q is 13 cm from the cen-
chord, and AP is a tangent to (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi tre of a circle. The length of the
Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015 tangent drawn from Q to a circle
the circle. If ÐAOB = 140°, then
IInd Sitting) is 12 cm. The distance of Q from
the measure of ÐPAB is
33. Two circles of diameters 10 cm the nearest point of the circle is
(1) 35° (2) 55° and 6 cm have the same centre. (1) 7 cm (2) 8 cm
(3) 70° (4) 75° A chord of the larger circle is a
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014
(3) 5 cm (4) 12 cm
tangent of the smaller one. The (SSC CGL Tier-I
TF No. 022 MH 3)
length of the chord is Re-Exam, 30.08.2015)
28. If two circles of radii 9 cm and 4
cm touch externally, then the (1) 4 cm. (2) 8 cm. 39. A and B are centres of two cir-
length of a common tangent is (3) 6 cm. (4) 10 cm. cles of radii 11 cm and 6 cm,
(1) 5 cm (2) 7 cm (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi respectively. PQ is a direct com-
(3) 8 cm (4) 12 cm Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015
mon tangent to the circles. If AB
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014 IInd Sitting)
TF No. 022 MH 3) 34. Two circles with their centres at = 13 cm, then length of PQ will
29. AB is a diameter of a circle with O and P and radii 8 cm and 4
be
centre O. The tangents at C cm respectively touch each oth-
meets AB produced at Q. If ÐCAB er externally. The length of their (1) 8.5 cm (2) 13 cm
= 34°, then measure of ÐCBA is common tangent is (3) 12 cm (4) 17 cm
(1) 56° (2) 34° (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam,
8
(3) 68° (4) 124° (1) 8.5 cm. (2) cm. 25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685)
2
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015 40. AB and AC are tangents to a cir-
TF No. 567 TL 9) (3) 8 2 cm. (4) 8 cm. cle with centre O. A is the exter-
30. Let P and Q be two points on a nal point of the circle. The line
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi
circle with centre O. If two tan- AO intersect the chord BC at D.
Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015
gents of the circle through P and IInd Sitting) The measure of the ÐBDO is
Q meet at A with ÐPAQ = 48°, (1) 60° (2) 90°
then ÐAPQ is 35. A tangent is drawn to a circle of
radius 6 cm from a point situat- (3) 45° (4) 75°
(1) 96° (2) 48°
ed at a distance of 10 cm from (SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA
(3) 66° (4) 60° the centre of the circle. The Exam, 01.11.2015, IInd Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015 length of the tangent will be 41. The distance between the cen-
TF No. 567 TL 9) tres of two circles of radii 6 cm
31. The distance between the cen- (1) 7 cm (2) 4 cm
and 3 cm is 15 cm. The length
tres of two circles having radii 8 (3) 5 cm (4) 8 cm
of the transverse common tan-
cm and 3 cm, is 13 cm. The (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
gent to the circles is :
length (in cm) of the direct com- (Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088)
mon tangent of the two circles is 36. XY and XZ are tangents to a cir- (1) 12 cm (2) 6 6 cm
(1) 15 (2) 16 cle, ST is another tangent to the
(3) 18 (4) 12 circle at the point R on the cir- (3) 7 6 cm (4) 18 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, cle, which intersects XY and XZ
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region) at S and T respectively. If XY =
& PA/SA Exam, 15.11.2015
TF No. 789 TH 7) 15 cm and TX = 9 cm, then RT is
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 6636838)

SME–1032
GEOMETRY
42. Two circles of radii 5 cm and 3cm 48. Two concentric circles are drawn 53. There are two equal circles of
touch externally, then the ratio with radii 12 cm and 13 cm. What radius 3 cm each and distance
in which the direct common tan- will be the length of any chord of between their centres is 10 cm.
gent to the circles divides exter- The length of one of their trans-
the larger circle that is tangent
nally the line joining the centers verse common tangents is
to the smaller circle?
of the circles is: (1) 7 cm (2) 9 cm
(1) 5 : 3 (2) 3 : 5 (1) 5 cm (2) 8 cm (3) 10 cm (4) 8 cm
(3) 2.5 : 1.5 (4) 1.5 : 2.5 (3) 10 cm (4) 25 cm (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO (SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, Exam. 04.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 Delhi Police Exam. 05.06.2016) 54. DABC is inscribed in a circle so
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135) (Ist Sitting) that BC is diameter. The tangent
43. The distance between centres of 49. In the figure below, AB is a chord at a point C intersects BA when
two circles of radii 3 cm and 8 of a circle with centre O. A tan- produced at a point D. If ÐABC =
cm is 13 cm. If the points of con- gent AT is drawn at point A so 36° then the value of ÐADC is
tact of a direct common tangent (1) 36° (2) 44°
that ÐBAT=50°. Then ÐADB=?
to the circles are P and Q, then
(3) 48° (4) 54°
the length of the line segment PQ
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
is : Exam. 02.09.2016) (IInd Sitting)
B
(1) 11-9 cm (2) 12 cm 55. PQ is a tangent to the circle at T.
(3) 11-58 cm (4) 11-5 cm If TR = TS where R and S are
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO points on the circle and ÐRST =
& PA/SA Exam, 06.12.2015 65°, the ÐPTS = ?
O D
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 3441135)
(1) 65° (2) 130°
44. If PA and PB are two tangents to (3) 115° (4) 55°
a circle with centre O such that (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE)
ÐAPB = 80°, then, ÐAOP = ? Exam. 30.11.2016)
(1) 40° (2) 50° 56. From an external point two tan-
A T
(3) 60° (4) 70° gents to a circle are drawn. The
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) chord passing through the points
Exam.10.09.2016) (1) 120° (2) 130° of contact subtends an angle72°
45. A and B are the centres of two (3) 140° (4) 150° at the centre. The angle between
circles with radii 11 cm and 6 (SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, the tangents is
cm respectively. A common tan- Delhi Police Exam. 05.06.2016) (1) 36° (2) 72°
gent touches these circles at P (Ist Sitting) (3) 108° (4) 144°
and Q respectively. If AB = 13 50. A chord of a circle is equal to its (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
cm., then the length of PQ is radius. A tangent is drawn to the Exam. 01.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
(1) 13 cm. (2) 17 cm. 57. AB is a diameter of a circle. C is
circle at an extremity of the
(3) 8.5 cm. (4) 12 cm. a point on the tangent drawn at
chord. The angle between the
(SSC CGL Tier-II Online A. If AB = 8 cm and AC = 6 cm,
Exam.01.12.2016)
tangent and the chord is
then the length of BC is :
46. 2 equal tangents PA and PB are (1) 30° (2) 45°
(1) 10 cm. (2) 14 cm.
drawn from an external point P (3) 60° (4) 75° (3) 5 cm. (4) 7 cm.
on a circle with centre O. What (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
is the length of each tangent, if P Exam. 27.08.2016) (Ist Sitting) Exam. 03.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
is 12 cm from the centre and the 51. How many common tangents can 58. A, B and C are three points on a
angle between the tangents is be drawn on two circles touch- circle with centre O. The tangent
120°? at C meets BA produced to T. If
ing each other exter-nally?
(1) 24 cm. (2) 6 cm. ÐATC = 30° and ÐACT = 48°, then
(3) 8 cm. (1) Infinity (2) 0 what is the value of ÐAOB ?
(4) Cannot be determined (3) 2 (4) 3 (1) 78° (2) 96°
(SSC CPO SI, ASI Online (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 102° (4) 108°
Exam.05.06.2016) (IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 27.08.2016) (IInd Sitting)
47. O is the centre of a circle and AB Exam. 03.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
52. The maximum number of common
is the tangent to it touching at B. 59. If PA and PB are tangents to the
If OB = 3 cm. and OA = 5 cm, tangents that can be drawn to two circle with centre O such that
then the measure of AB in cm is disjoint circles is ÐAPB = 50°, then ÐOAB is equal
(1) 1 (2) 2 to
(1) 34 (2) 2
(3) 4 (4) Infinitely many (1) 25° (2) 30°
(3) 8 (4) 4 (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 40° (4) 50°
(SSC CHSL (10+2) Tier-I (CBE) Exam. 02.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 08.09.2016) (Ist Sitting) Exam. 04.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1033
GEOMETRY
60. T is a point on the common tan- 7. If the circumradius of an equilat-
gents at P of two circles and if TYPE–XIV eral triangle ABC be 8 cm, then
TA and TB are respectively the the height of the triangle is
1. AC is the diameter of a circum-
other tangents at A and B to the (1) 16 cm (2) 6 cm
circle of DABC. Chord ED is par-
two circles drawn from the point allel to the diameter AC. If ÐCBE (3) 8 cm (4) 12 cm
T then = 5 0°, then the measure o f (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
(1) TA = 2 TB (2) TA = TB ÐDEC is Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
8. Triangle PQR circumscribes a cir-
(1) 50° (2) 90°
1 cle with centre O and radius r
(3) TA = TB (4) 3TA = TB (3) 60° (4) 40°
2 cm such that ÐPQR = 90°. If PQ
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
= 3 cm, QR = 4 cm, then the val-
28.10.2012, Ist Sitting)
ue of r is :
Exam. 04.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 2. The length of the two sides form-
(1) 2 (2) 1.5
61. If PQ and PR be the two tangents ing the right angle of a right-an-
(3) 2.5 (4) 1
to a circle with centre O such that gled triangl e are
(SSC CAPFs SI & CISF ASI
ÐQPR = 120°, then ÐPOQ is : 6 cm and 8 cm. The length of its
Exam. 23.06.2013)
(1) 90° (2) 45° circum-radius is :
9. The radius of two concentric cir-
(3) 30° (4) 60° (1) 5 cm (2) 7 cm cles are 17cm and 10cm. A
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 6 cm (4) 10 cm straight line ABCD intersects the
Exam. 06.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. larger circle at the point A and D
04.11.2012, Ist Sitting) and intersects the smaller circle
62. O is the centre of a circle. P is an
3. The length of radius of a circum- at the points B and C. If BC = 12
external point of it at a distance
circle of a triangle having sides cm, then the length of AD (in cm)
of 13 cm from O. The radius of
3cm, 4cm and 5cm is : is :
the circle is 5 cm. Then the length
(1) 2 cm (2) 2.5 cm (1) 20 (2) 24
of a tangent to the circle from P
(3) 3 cm (4) 1.5 cm (3) 30 (4) 34
upto the point of contact is :
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(1) 194 cm. (2) 10 cm. 04.11.2012, Ist Sitting) 27.10.2013 IInd Sitting)
(3) 12 cm. (4) 8 cm. 4. I and O are respectively the 10. P and Q are centre of two circles
in-centre and circumcentre of a with radii 9 cm and 2 cm respec-
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
triangle ABC. The line AI pro- tively, where PQ = 17 cm. R is
Exam. 08.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting)
duced intersects the circumcir- the centre of another circle of
63. The chord AB of a circle of cen- radius x cm, which touches each
cle of D ABC at the point D. If
tre O subtends an angle q with of the above two circles external-
ÐABC = x°, ÐBID = y° and ÐBOD
the tangent at A to the circle. Then ly. If ÐPRQ = 90°, then the value
measure of ÐABO is : z+x of x is
= z°, then y =
(1) q (2) 90°– q (1) 4 cm (2) 6 cm
(3) 90° + q (4) 2 (180° – q) (1) 3 (2) 1 (3) 7 cm (4) 8 cm
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (3) 2 (4) 4 (SSC GL Tier-II Exam. 16.09.2012)
Exam. 08.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) & (SSC Assistant Grade-III
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
Exam. 11.11.2012 (IInd Sitting)
64. PT is a tangent to a circle with Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting) & (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC
centre O and radius 6 cm. If PT 5. The radius of the circumcircle of Exam. 10.11.2013 (Ist Sitting)
is 8 cm then length of OP is a right angled triangle is 15 cm 11. O is the circumcentre of DABC,
(1) 10 cm. (2) 12 cm. and the radius of its inscribed given ÐBAC = 85° and ÐBCA =
(3) 16 cm. (4) 9 cm. circle is 6 cm. Find the sides of 55°, find ÐOAC.
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
the triangle.
(1) 40° (2) 50°
Exam. 11.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (1) 30, 40, 41 (2) 18, 24, 30
(3) 60° (4) 80°
65. A circle has its centre at O. A tan- (3) 30, 24, 25 (4) 24, 36, 20
(SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
gent drawn from a point P, which (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I 20.07.2014 (Ist Sitting)
is situated outside the circle, Exam. 21.04.2013)
6. If the DABC is right angled at B, 12. In a DPQR, ÐRPQ = 90°, PR =
touches the circle at A.
find its circumradius if the sides 6 cm and PQ = 8 cm, then the
If PA = 4 cm and PO = 5 cm,
AB and BC are 15 cm and 20 cm
then the length of the radius of radius of the circumcircle of
respectively.
the circle is DPQR is
(1) 25 cm (2) 20 cm
(1) 1 cm. (2) 2 cm. (1) 5 cm (2) 3 cm
(3) 15 cm (4) 12.5 cm
(3) 3 cm. (4) 4 cm. (3) 4 cm (4) 4.5 cm
(SSC Constable (GD)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
Exam. 12.05.2013)
Exam. 11.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) 20.07.2014 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1034
GEOMETRY
13. ABC is an equilateral triangle and 20. The chord of a circle is equal to 26. Let two chords AB and AC of the
O is its circumcentre, then the its radius. The angle subtended larger circle touch the smaller
ÐAOC is by this chord at the minor arc of circle having same centre at X and
(1) 100° (2) 110° the circle is Y. Then XY = ?
(3) 120° (4) 130° 1
(1) 75° (2) 60°
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. 19.10.2014) (1) BC (2) BC
(3) 150° (4) 120° 2
14. The circumcentre of a triangle
ABC is O. If Ð BAC = 85° and Ð (SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi 1 1
Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015 (3) BC (4) BC
BCA = 75°, then the value of Ð 3 4
OAC is IInd Sitting) (SSC CGL Tier-II Online
(1) 40° (2) 60° 21. ABC is a cyclic triangle and the Exam.01.12.2016)
(3) 70° (4) 90° bisectors of ÐBAC, ÐABC and 27. O is the circumcentre of the isos-
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC ÐBCA meet the circle at P, Q, celes DABC. Given that AB = AC
Exam. 04.12.2011 = 17 cm. and BC = 6 cm. The
(IInd Sitting (North Zone)
and R respectively. Then the
radius of the circle is
angle ÐRQP is
15. If AB = 5 cm, AC = 12 cm and (1) 3.015 cm. (2) 3.205 cm.
AB ^ AC, then the radius of the B B (3) 3.025 cm. (4) 3.125 cm.
circumcircle of D ABC is (1) 90°– (2) 90°+ (SSC CGL Tier-II Online
2 2
(1) 6.5 cm (2) 6 cm Exam.01.12.2016)
(3) 5 cm (4) 7 cm C A 28. In the given diagram, an incircle
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi (3) 90°+ (4) 90°– DEF is circumscribed by the right
2 2
Police SI Exam. 22.06.2014 angled triangle in which AF = 6
TF No. 999 KP0) (SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 cm and EC = 15 cm. Then find
16. In a circle if PQ is the diameter (IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378) the difference between CD and
of the circle and R is on the cir- 22. O is the circumcentre of DABC. BD.
cumference of the circle such
If ÐBAC = 85°, ÐBCA = 75°, then B
that ÐPQR = 30°, then Ð RPQ = ?
(1) 90° (2) 60° ÐOAC is equal to :
D
(3) 30° (4) 45° (1) 60° (2) 70°
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC F
(3) 50° (4) 40°
Exam. 16.11.2014, IInd Sitting
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015 A C
TF No. 545 QP 6) E
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 2176783)
17. The radii of two concentric cir-
(1) 1 cm. (2) 3 cm.
cles are 17 cm and 25 cm. A 23. O is the circumcentre of the tri-
straight line PQRS intersects the (3) 4 cm. (4) 5 cm.
angle ABC and Ð BAC = 85°,
larger circle at the points P and (SSC CPO Exam. 06.06.2016)
ÐBCA = 75°, then the value of (Ist Sitting)
S and intersects the smaller cir-
cle at the points Q and R. If QR ÐOAC is 29. DABC is a right angled triangle
= 16 cm, then the length (in cm.) (1) 55° (2) 150° with AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm. O is
of PS is (3) 20° (4) 70° the in-centre of the triangle. The
(1) 41 (2) 32 (SSC CGL Tier-I radius of the in-circle is :
(3) 33 (4) 40 Re-Exam, 30.08.2015)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015 24. If O is the circumcentre of a C
TF No. 567 TL 9) triangle ABC lying inside the tri-
18. In D ABC, the bisector of ÐBAC angle, then ÐOBC + Ð BAC is
intersects BC at D and the cir-
equal to
cumcircle of D ABC at E. If AB :
(1) 90° (2) 60° Q
AD = 3 : 5, then AE : AC is 8 cm
(1) 5 : 3 (2) 3 : 2 (3) 110° (4) 120°
R
(3) 2 : 3 (4) 3 : 5 (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, O
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 25.10.2015, TF No. 1099685)
2014 12.04.2015 (Kolkata Region)
TF No. 789 TH 7) 25. A chord of a circle is equal to its B P A
19. ‘O’ is the circumcentre of trian- radius. The angle subtended by 6 cm
gle ABC. If Ð BAC = 50° then Ð this chord at a point on the cir-
OBC is cumference is (1) 3 cm (2) 4 cm
(1) 50° (2) 100° (1) 80° (2) 60° (3) 2 cm (4) 5 cm
(3) 130° (4) 40° (3) 30° (4) 90° (SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI,
(SSC CAPFs SI, CISF ASI & Delhi (SSC CGL Tier-II Online Delhi Police Exam. 20.03.2016)
Police SI Exam, 21.06.2015 (IInd Sitting)
Exam.01.12.2016)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 8037731)

SME–1035
GEOMETRY
30. The ratio of inradius and circum- 2. Two line segments PQ and RS 9. The internal bisectors of ÐABC
radius of an equilateral triangle intersect at X in such a way that and ÐACB of DABC meet each
is : XP = XR. If ÐPSX = ÐRQX, then other at O. If ÐBOC =110°, then
one must have ÐBAC is equal to
(1) 1 : 2 (2) 2 : 1
(1) PR = QS (1) 40° (2) 55°
(3) 1 : 2 (4) 2 :1 (2) PS = RQ (3) 90° (4) 110°
(SSC CAPFs (CPO) SI & ASI, (3) ÐXSQ = ÐXRP (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
Delhi Police Exam. 20.03.2016) (4) ar(DPXR) = ar(DQXS) 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
(IInd Sitting) FCI Assistant Grade-III 10. In DABC, ÐB = 60° and ÐC =
31. D ABC a right angled triangle has Exam. 25.02.2012 (Paper-I) 40°. If AD and AE be respective-
ÐB = 90° and AC is hypotenuse. North Zone (Ist Sitting) ly the internal bisector of ÐA and
D is its circumcentre and AB = 3 3. Two chords AB and CD of circle perpendicular on BC, then the
cm, BC = 4 cm. The value of BD whose centre is O, meet at the measure of ÐDAE is
is point P and Ð AOC = 50°, Ð BOD (1) 5° (2) 10°
(1) 3 cm. (2) 4 cm. = 40°. Then the value of Ð BPD is (3) 40° (4) 60°
(1) 60° (2) 40° (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
(3) 2.5 cm. (4) 5.5 cm.
(3) 45° (4) 75° 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
Exam. 07.09.2016) (Ist Sitting)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 11. A circle (with centre at O) is
04.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (North Zone) touching two intersecting lines
32. The circum-centre of a triangle
4. A straight line parallel to BC of AX and BY. The two points of
ABC is O. If ÐBAC = 85°, ÐBCA
DABC intersects AB and AC at contact A and B subtend an an-
= 75°, then ÐOAC is of points P and Q respectively. AP gle of 65° at any point C on the
(1) 70° (2) 72° = QC, PB= 4 units and AQ = 9 circumference of the circle. If P
(3) 75° (4) 74° units, then the length of AP is : is the point of intersection of the
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 25 units (2) 3 units two lines, then the measure of
Exam. 28.08.2016 (Ist Sitting) (3) 6 units (4) 6.5 units ÐAPO is
33. O is the circumcentre of a trian- (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (1) 25° (2) 65°
gle DABC. The point A and th 11.12.2011 (IInd Sitting (Delhi Zone) (3) 90° (4) 40°
chord BC are on the opposite side (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
2 2 2
of O. If ÐBOC = 150°. Then the 5. In a DABC, AB + AC = BC 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
angle ÐBAC is : 12. Internal bisectors of ÐB and ÐC
2 AB , then ÐABC
(1) 65° (2) 60° and BC = of DABC intersect at O. If ÐBOC
(3) 70° (4) 75° is : = 102°, then the value of ÐBAC is
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) (1) 30° (2) 45° (1) 12° (2) 24°
Exam. 04.09.2016 (IInd Sitting) (3) 60° (4) 90° (3) 48° (4) 60°
34. From the circumcentre I of the (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam.
triangle ABC, perpendicular ID is 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting) 28.10.2012 (Ist Sitting)
drawn on BC. If ÐBAC = 60°, then 6. Two chords AB and CD of a cir- 13. The angle between the external
the value of ÐBID is : cle with centre O intersect each bisectors of two angles of a tri-
(1) 60° (2) 80° other at the point P. If ÐAOD = angle is 60°. Then the third an-
(3) 75° (4) 45° 20° and ÐBOC = 30°, then ÐBPC gle of the triangle is
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) is equal to: (1) 40° (2) 50°
Exam. 04.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) (1) 50° (2) 20° (3) 60° (4) 80°
35. Point ‘O’ is the incentre of the D (3) 25° (4) 30° (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I Exam.
PQR. If ÐPOR = 115°, then value (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 11.11.2012 (Ist Sitting)
of ÐPQR is : 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting) 14. I is the incentre of D ABC. If
(1) 40° (2) 65° 7. ABCD is a quadrilateral inscribed ÐABC = 60°, ÐBCA = 80°, then
(3) 50° (4) 25° in a circle with centre O. If ÐCOD the ÐBIC is
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) = 120° and ÐBAC = 30°, then (1) 90° (2) 100°
Exam. 06.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) ÐBCD is : (3) 110° (4) 120°
(1) 75° (2) 90° (SSC Assistant Grade-III Exam.
TYPE–XV (3) 120° (4) 60° 11.11.2012 (IInd Sitting)
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. 15. In D ABC, draw BE ^ AC and CF
1. Ashok has drawn an angle of 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting) ^ AB and the perpendicular BE
measure 45°27' when he was 8. If DABC is similar to DDEF, such and CF intersect at the point O.
asked to draw an angle of 45°. that ÐA = 47° and ÐE = 63° then If Ð BAC = 70°, then the value
The percentage error in his draw- ÐC is equal to : of Ð BOC is
ing is (1) 40° (2) 70° (1) 125° (2) 55°
(1) 0.5% (2) 1.0% (3) 65° (4) 37° (3) 150° (4) 110°
(3) 1.5% (4) 2.0% (SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. (SSC Assistant Grade-III Exam.
(SSC CPO S.I. Exam. 05.09.2004) 21.10.2012 (IInd Sitting) 11.11.2012 (IInd Sitting)

SME–1036
GEOMETRY
16. O is the centre and arc ABC sub- 23. In D ABC, ÐA + ÐB = 65°, ÐB + 30. All sides of a quadrilateral ABCD
tends an angle of 130° at O. AB ÐC = 140°, then find ÐB. touch a circle. If AB = 6 cm, BC
is extended to P. Then ÐPBC is (1) 40° (2) 25° = 7.5 cm, CD = 3 cm, then DA is
(1) 75° (2) 70° (3) 35° (4) 20° (1) 3.5 cm (2) 4.5 cm
(3) 65° (4) 80° (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (3) 2.5 cm (4) 1.5 cm
Exam. 19.05.2013)
(SSC Delhi Police Sub-Inspector (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
24. In a triangle ABC, ÐA = 90°, ÐC
(SI) Exam. 19.08.2012) Exam. 29.09.2013)
17. Internal bisectors of angles ÐB = 55°, AD ^ BC . What is the 31. D is a point on the side BC of a
and ÐC of a triangle ABC meet value of ÐBAD ? triangle ABC such that AD ^ BC.
at O. If ÐBAC = 80°, then the (1) 35° (2) 60° E is a point on AD for which
value of ÐBOC is (3) 45° (4) 55° AE : ED = 5 : 1. If ÐBAD = 30°
(1) 120° (2) 140° (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I and tan (Ð ACB) = 6 tan (Ð DBE),
(3) 110° (4) 130°
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) then Ð ACB =
25. If O be the circumcentre of a tri- (1) 30° (2) 45°
(SSC Delhi Police S.I. (SI)
angle PQR and Ð QOR = 110°,
Exam. 19.08.2012) & (SSC (3) 60° (4) 15°
FCI Assistant Grade-III Main
Ð OPR = 25°, then the measure
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-II
Exam. 07.04.2013)
of Ð PRQ is
Exam. 29.09.2013)
(1) 65° (2) 50°
18. In triangle PQR, points A, B and
(3) 55° (4) 60° 32. In DABC ÐA = ÐB = 60°, AC = 13
C are taken on PQ, PR and QR (SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
respectively such that QC=AC cm. The lines AD and BD intersect
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) at D with ÐD = 90°. If DB = 2 cm,
and CR = CB. If ÐQPR = 40°, then 26. In the following figure, AB be di- then the length of AD is
ÐACB is equal to : ameter of a circle whose centre
(1) 3 cm (2) 3.5 cm
(1) 140° (2) 40° is O. If ÐAOE = 150°, ÐDAO = 51°
then the measure of ÐCBE is : (3) 4 cm (4) 4.7 cm
(3) 70° (4) 100°
(SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 16.11.2014
(SSC CHSL DEO & LDC Exam. D (Ist Sitting)
21.10.2012, IInd Sitting) E 33. Two supplementary angles are in
19. Two chords AB, CD of a circle
the ratio 2 : 3. The angles are
with centre O intersect each other 150°
at P. ÐADP = 23° and ÐAPC = 51° (1) 33°, 57° (2) 66°, 114°
A
70°, then the ÐBCD is O B C (3) 72°, 108° (4) 36°, 54°
(SSC CGL Tier-I Re-Exam. (2013)
(1) 45° (2) 47°
20.07.2014 (IInd Sitting)
(3) 57° (4) 67°
34. If the angles of a triangle ABC
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I
(1) 115° (2) 110° are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 1, then
Exam. 21.04.2013 IInd Sitting)
(3) 105° (4) 120° the angles ÐA, ÐB and ÐC are
20. In a DABC ÐA : ÐB : ÐC = 2 : (SSC CAPFs SI & CISF ASI (1) ÐA = 60°, ÐB = 90°, ÐC = 30°
3 : 4. A line CD drawn || to AB, Exam. 23.06.2013) (2) ÐA = 40°, ÐB = 120°, ÐC = 20°
then the ÐACD is : 27. In a triangle ABC, BC is produced (3) ÐA = 20°, ÐB = 60°, ÐC = 60°
(1) 40° (2) 60° to D so that CD = AC. If
(4) ÐA = 45°, ÐB = 90°, ÐC = 45°
(3) 80° (4) 20° ÐBAD=111° and Ð ACB = 80°,
(SSC CGL Tier-I
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I then the measure of ÐABC is :
Exam. 19.10.2014 (Ist Sitting)
Exam. 21.04.2013) (1) 31° (2) 33°
35. A tree of hight ‘h’ metres is bro-
21. In triangle ABC, Ð BAC = (3) 35° (4) 29° ken by a storm in such a way
(SSC CAPFs SI & CISF ASI that its top touches the ground
75°, ÐABC = 45°. BC is pro- Exam. 23.06.2013)
at a distance of ‘x’ metres from
duced to D. If Ð ACD = x°, then 28. In DABC, ÐA + ÐB = 145° and its root. Find the height at which
x ÐC + 2ÐB = 180°. State which the tree is broken. (Here h > x)
% of 60° is one of the following relations is
3 true ? h2 + x2
(1) 30° (2) 48° (1) CA = AB (2) CA < AB (1) metre
2h
(3) 15° (4) 24° (3) BC > AB (4) CA > AB
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (SSC CAPFs SI & CISF ASI h2 - x2
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting)
(2) metre
Exam. 23.06.2013) 2h
22. In a D ABC, AB = AC and BA is 29. ÐA, ÐB, ÐC are three angles of
produced to D such that AC = a triangle. If ÐA – ÐB = 15°, ÐB h2 + x2
(3) metre
AD. Then the Ð BCD is – ÐC = 30°, then ÐA, ÐB and ÐC 4h
(1) 100° (2) 60° are
(1) 80°, 60°, 40° (2)70°, 50°, 60° h2 - x2
(3) 80° (4) 90° (4) metre
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I (3) 80°, 65°, 35° (4)80°, 55°, 45° 4h
Exam. 19.05.2013 Ist Sitting) (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II (SSC CHSL DEO Exam. 16.11.2014
Exam. 29.09.2013) (Ist Sitting)

SME–1037
GEOMETRY
36. Two poles of height 7 metre and 43. If angles of measure (5y + 62°)
TYPE-III
12 metre stand on a plane and (22° + y) are supplementary,
ground. If the distance between then value of y is :
their feet is 12 metre, the dis- 1. (3) 2. (2) 3. (1) 4. (4)
(1) 16° (2) 32°
tance between their top will be 5. (2) 6. (1) 7. (1) 8. (1)
(3) 8° (4) 1°
(1) 15 metre (2) 13 metre (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 9. (2) 10. (2) 11. (2) 12. (3)
(3) 19 metre (4) 17 metre Exam. 04.09.2016 (IIIrd Sitting) 13. (2) 14. (2) 15. (4) 16. (3)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 44. PQRSTU is a cyclic hexagon.
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) 17. (3) 18. (1) 19. (2) 20. (2)
Then ÐP + ÐR + ÐT is equal to
37. The measure of an angle whose 21. (2) 22. (3) 23. (2) 24. (3)
(1) 720° (2) 360°
supplement is three times as
(3) 540° (4) 180° 25. (4) 26. (3) 27. (4) 28. (2)
large as its complement, is
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 29. (2) 30. (2) 31. (3) 32. (2)
(1) 75° (2) 30°
Exam. 08.09.2016 (IInd Sitting)
(3) 45° (4) 60° 33. (3) 34. (3) 35. (1) 36. (4)
45 . P, Q and R are the points so that
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015 37. (4) 38. (3) 39. (4) 40. (2)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 1443088) PR = 3 cm, QR = 5 cm and PQ =
38. If two supplementary angles dif- 8 cm. The number of circles 41. (2) 42. (2) 43. (1) 44. (1)
fer by 44°, then one of the an- passing through the points P, Q 45. (3) 46. (4) 47. (3) 48. (4)
gles is and R is :
49. (1) 50. (3) 51. (2) 52. (*)
(1) 68° (2) 65° (1) 3 (2) 2
(3) 102° (4) 72° (3) 1 (4) 0 53. (3) 54. (2) 55. (3) 56. (3)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 09.08.2015
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 57. (2) 58. (2) 59. (3) 60. (1)
(IInd Sitting) TF No. 4239378)
39. If D, E and F are the mid points Exam. 27.10.2016 (Ist Sitting) 61. (4) 62. (3) 63. (2) 64. (4)
of BC, CA and AB respectively
65. (4) 66. (1) 67. (3) 68. (4)
of the DABC then the ratio of SHORT ANSWERS
area of the parallelogram DEFB 69. (2) 70. (1) 71. (2) 72. (3)
and area of the trapezium CAFD 73. (1) 74. (2) 75. (2) 76. (3)
is : TYPE-I
(1) 2 : 3 (2) 3 : 4 77. (2) 78. (2) 79. (3) 80. (2)
(3) 1 : 2 (4) 1 : 3 1. (4) 2. (3) 3. (4) 4. (2)
81. (3) 82. (1) 83. (3) 84. (3)
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, 16.08.2015
5. (3) 6. (1) 7. (1) 8. (2) 85. (4) 86. (3) 87. (3) 88. (2)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 3196279)
40. The three angles of a triangle are 9. (3) 10. (1) 11. (1) 12. (4) 89. (1) 90. (*) 91. (3) 92. (2)
in the ratio 3 : 4 : 5. Then the
angles respectively are : 13. (2) 14. (2) 15. (1) 16. (2) 93. (1) 94. (1) 95. (1) 96. (1)
(1) 45°, 60°, 75° (2) 60°, 45°, 75° 17. (2) 18. (1) 19. (3) 20. (4) 97. (3) 98. (4) 99. (2) 100. (2)
(3) 60°, 75°, 45° (4) 75°, 60°, 45°
21. (3) 22. (2) 23. (2) 24. (2) 101. (4) 102. (1) 103. (2) 104. (4)
(SSC Constable (GD)
Exam, 04.10.2015, IInd Sitting) 25. (4) 26. (1) 27. (2) 28. (1) 105. (1) 106. (1) 107. (2) 108. (1)
41. If the complement of an angle is
29. (3) 30. (3) 31. (1) 32. (2) 109. (1) 110. (2) 111. (1) 112. (2)
one–fourth of its supplementary
angle, then the angle is 33. (2) 113. (4) 114. (3) 115. (2) 116. (4)
(1) 60° (2) 30° 117. (2) 118. (2) 119. (1) 120. (1)
(3) 90° (4) 120° TYPE-II 121. (4) 122. (1) 123. (4) 124. (2)
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO
& PA/SA Exam, 20.12.2015 125. (4) 126. (3) 127. (3) 128. (4)
(Ist Sitting) TF No. 9692918) 1. (3) 2. (4) 3. (4) 4. (3)
129. (2) 130. (3) 131. (3) 132. (3)
42. If the ratio of the angles of a 5. (2) 6. (3) 7. (2) 8. (3)
quadrilateral is 2 : 7 : 2 : 7, then 133. (2) 134. (1) 135. (3) 136. (2)
it is a 9. (1) 10. (4) 11. (2) 12. (2)
137. (3) 138. (2) 139. (3) 140. (2)
(1) trapezium (2) parallelogram 13. (1) 14. (2) 15. (2) 16. (1)
141. (2) 142. (3) 143. (3) 144. (3)
(3) square (4) rhombus
17. (4) 18. (2) 19. (1) 20. (3)
(SSC CGL Tier-II Exam. 12.04.2015 145. (1) 146. (1) 147. (2) 148. (3)
(TF No. 567 TL 9) 21. (2) 22. (3) 23. (3) 24. (3) 149. (1) 150. (2) 151. (3)

SME–1038
GEOMETRY

TYPE-IV TYPE-X TYPE-XIII

1. (3) 2. (2) 3. (3) 4. (2) 1. (4) 2. (2) 3. (4) 4. (3) 1. (1) 2. (3) 3. (3) 4. (3)
5. (1) 6. (2) 7. (1) 8. (3) 5. (1) 6. (2) 7. (4) 8. (2)
5. (2) 6. (4) 7. (2) 8. (2)
9. (2) 10. (1) 11. (2) 12. (1) 9. (1) 10. (1) 11. (3) 12. (4)
9. (2) 10. (3) 11. (1) 12. (3)
13. (4) 14. (2) 15. (3) 16. (2) 13. (4) 14. (1) 15. (4) 16. (2)
13. (3) 14. (1) 15. (3) 16. (1)
17. (4) 18. (4) 19. (1) 20. (4) 17. (1) 18. (3) 19. (1) 20. (1)
17. (2) 18. (4) 19. (3) 20. (2) 21. (4) 22. (4) 23. (1) 24. (1)
21. (1) 22. (1) 23. (2) 24. (2)
21. (1) 22. (4) 23. (1) 24. (1) 25. (2) 26. (2) 27. (3) 28. (4)
25. (2) 26. (3)
25. (4) 26. (1) 27. (2) 28. (3) 29. (1) 30. (3) 31. (4) 32. (2)

29. (3) 30. (2) 31. (2) 32. (2) TYPE-XI 33. (2) 34. (3) 35. (4) 36. (3)
37. (4) 38. (2) 39. (3) 40. (2)
33. (2) 34. (4) 35. (2) 36. (3) 1. (1) 2. (2) 3. (3) 4. (4)
41. (1) 42. (1) 43. (2) 44. (2)
5. (2) 6. (4) 7. (4) 8. (4)
TYPE-V 45. (4) 46. (2) 47. (4) 48. (3)
9. (2) 10. (1) 11. (1) 12. (2)
49. (2) 50. (1) 51. (4) 52. (3)
13. (3) 14. (1) 15. (4) 16. (3)
1. (4) 2. (3) 3. (1) 4. (3) 53. (4) 54. (4) 55. (3) 56. (3)
17. (2)
5. (4) 6. (2) 7. (4) 8. (3) 57. (1) 58. (4) 59. (1) 60. (2)
61. (3) 62. (3) 63. (2) 64. (1)
9. (3) 10. (3) 11. (4) 12. (4) TYPE-XII
65. (3)
13. (1) 14. (4) 15. (3) 16. (4)
1. (2) 2. (2) 3. (2) 4. (1)
17. (1) 18. (4) 19. (3) 20. (3)
5. (1) 6. (4) 7. (1) 8. (2)
TYPE-XIV
21. (4)
9. (2) 10. (2) 11. (2) 12. (1) 1. (4) 2. (1) 3. (2) 4. (1)
13. (2) 14. (1) 15. (1) 16. (3)
TYPE-VI 5. (2) 6. (4) 7. (4) 8. (4)
17. (3) 18. (4) 19. (1) 20. (2) 9. (3) 10. (2) 11. (2) 12. (1)
1. (1) 2. (4) 3. (1) 4. (2) 21. (1) 22. (3) 23. (2) 24. (2) 13. (3) 14. (3) 15. (1) 16. (2)
5. (2) 25. (4) 26. (2) 27. (2) 28. (4) 17. (4) 18. (4) 19. (4) 20. (3)
29. (4) 30. (4) 31. (1) 32. (2) 21. (1) 22. (2) 23. (4) 24. (1)
TYPE-VII 33. (2) 34. (3) 35. (1) 36. (2) 25. (3) 26. (2) 27. (4) 28. (1)
37. (3) 38. (2) 39. (4) 40. (2) 29. (3) 30. (1) 31. (3) 32. (1)
1. (2) 2. (4)
41. (4) 42. (1) 43. (4) 44. (2) 33. (4) 34. (1) 35. (3)

TYPE-VIII 45. (3) 46. (3) 47. (1) 48. (2)


TYPE-XV
49. (4) 50. (2) 51. (3) 52. (2)
1. (2) 2. (1) 3. (3) 4. (3) 53. (4) 54. (2) 55. (3) 56. (2) 1. (2) 2. (2) 3. (3) 4. (3)
5. (2) 6. (1) 7. (2) 8. (3) 57. (2) 58. (1) 59. (3) 60. (4) 5. (2) 6. (3) 7. (2) 8. (2)
9. (2) 10. (4) 11. (3) 12. (3) 61. (1) 62. (2) 63. (2) 64. (3) 9. (1) 10. (2) 11. (1) 12. (2)
13. (4) 14. (1) 15. (4) 16. (2) 65. (2) 66. (3) 67. (4) 68. (3) 13. (3) 14. (3) 15. (4) 16. (3)
17. (3) 18. (1) 19. (3) 20. (3) 17. (4) 18. (4) 19. (2) 20. (2)
69. (1) 70. (2) 71. (2) 72. (3)
21. (3) 22. (2) 23. (4) 24. (2) 21. (4) 22. (4) 23. (2) 24. (4)
73. (2) 74. (2) 75. (3) 76. (2)
25. (4) 26. (3) 27. (4) 28. (4)
25. (4) 26. (4) 27. (2) 28. (1)
77. (1) 78. (3) 79. (3) 80. (3) 29. (3) 30. (4) 31. (3) 32. (1)
29. (3) 30. (4) 31. (1)
81. (3) 82. (2) 83. (3) 84. (2) 33. (3) 34. (1) 35. (2) 36. (2)

TYPE-IX 85. (1) 86. (4) 87. (2) 88. (1) 37. (3) 38. (1) 39. (1) 40. (1)
89. (4) 90. (1) 91. (1) 92. (2) 41. (1) 42. (2) 43. (1) 44. (2)
1. (2) 2. (2) 3. (1) 93. (4) 94. (2) 95. (3) 45. (4)

SME–1039
GEOMETRY
As RS = PR AB = BC = CA
EXPLANATIONS \ ÐPSR = ÐRPS \ AX = BY = CZ
60° 12. (4) A
TYPE-I \ ÐPSR = = 30°
2
1. (4) A D
7. (1) A
B C
E
F E
O ÐBCD = ÐDCA = 30°
ÐDCE = 180°
O
B C \ ÐACE = 180° – 30° = 150°
In equilateral triangle centroid, AC = CE
incentre, orthocentre coincide at B D C
the same point. 30°
Let AB = x cm. \ ÐCAE = ÐCEA = = 15°
Height 2
\ = in radius x 13. (2)
3 \ BD =
2 A
\ Height = Median = 3 × 3
= 9 cm.
x2 3
2. (3) In equilateral triangle ortho- AD = x2 - = x cm.
centre and centroid lie at the 4 2
same point.
A 1 3 x
\ OD = ´ x = cm.
3 2 2 3 G

OB = BD2 + OD2
B C
B C 2 2 2 D
D x x 4x x AB = 10 cm
= + = = cm.
3. (4) In an equilateral triangle, cen- 4 12 12 3 BD = 5 cm
troid, incentre etc lie at the same ÐADB = 90°
point. x
\ = 10 Þ x = 10 3 cm. \ AD =
4. (2) Triangle will be equilateral. 3 AB2 - BD2
5. (3) A Hence, = 102 - 52 = 100 - 25
= 75
x 10 3
OD = = = 5 cm. = 5 3 cm
2 3 2 3
2 2
Side AG = AD = ´5 3
3 3
8. (2) In radius =
B C 2 3
D 10 3
= cm
Side 3
Let AB = 2x units Þ 3= Þ Side = 3 × 2 3
Þ BD = DC = x units 2 3 14. (2) A
\ AB : BD = 2 : 1
= 6 3 cm
6. (1) P 9. (3) In an equilateral triange, or-
thocentre, cirum-centre, incentre
and centroid coincide. E
10. (1) The line segments joining the
mid points of the sides of a trian-
gle form four triangles, each of B D C
Q R S which is similar to the original E = In-centre, AD ^ BC
triangle. AB = 6 cm, BD = 3 cm
ÐPRQ = 60° ÐADB = 90°
11. (1) In an equilateral D ABC,
ÐPRS = 180° – 60° = 120°;
ÐA = ÐB = ÐC = 60° \ AD = AB2 - BD2
Þ ÐPSR + ÐRPS = 60°

SME–1040
GEOMETRY
19. (3) Sum of all angles of a triangle \ AB2 = BD2 + AD2
= 62 - 32 = 36 - 9
Þ 102 = 52 + AD2
= 180°
= 27 = 3 3 cm 6x 2x Þ 100 = 25 + AD2
1
\ x + 15° + + 6° + + Þ AD2 = 100 – 25 = 75
5 3
\ In-radius = AD \ AD =
3 30° = 180° 75 = 5 3
1 6x 2x 2 2
= ´3 3 = 3 cm Þx+ + + 51° = 180° \ AG = AD = ×5 3
3 5 3 3 3
15. (1) The medians of an equilateral 15x + 18 x + 10x
triangle are equal. Þ 10 3
15 = cm.
16. (2) 3
= 180° – 51° = 129°
Þ 43x = 129 × 15 22. (2) A
A
129 ´ 15
Þx= = 45°
43 F E
\ The angles of triangle are :
x + 15° = 45° + 15° = 60° O
120°
6x 6 ´ 45
+ 6° = + 6° = 60° B DX C
B C D 5 5
Let O be a point inside the trian-
Ð ACB = 180° – 120° = 60° 2x 2 ´ 45 gle.
and + 30° = + 30°
AB = AC 3 3 OD ^ BC, OE ^ AC
= 60° and OF ^ AB
\ Ð ABC = Ð ACB = 60° It is an equilateral triangle.
\ Ð BAC = 60° 20. (4) AB = BC = CA
17. (2) Area of ( D OAB + D OBC + D
A OAC) = Area of D ABC
A
1 1
Þ AB × OF + BC × OD +
2 2
1
× AC × OE
2
120° B C
D 1
B C D AD ^ BC = × BC × AX
2
\ BD = DC
ÐCAB = 2 ÐABC Þ OF + OD + OE = AX
ÐACB + ÐACD = 180° 3 3
AD = AB = BC A
Þ ÐACB + 120° = 180° 2 2 23. (2)
Þ ÐACB = 180° – 120° = 60°
3
\ ÐA + ÐB = 180° – 60° = 120° = AC
2
Þ 2ÐB + ÐB = 120°
G
Þ 3ÐB = 120° 2
Þ AB = AD = BC = AC
120° 3 B D C
Þ ÐB = = 40° \ AB2 + BC2 + AC2
3 24
Side F 4 4 4I
= G + + J AD
2
AB = BC = CA =
3
= 8 cm.
18. (1) In–radius =
2 3
H 3 3 3K = 4AD2
BD = DC = 4 cm.; AD ^ BC
21. (3) In DABD,
A
Side
Circum–radius =
AD = AB2 – BD2 = 82 – 42
3 F E = 64 – 16 = 48 = 4 3 cm.
Side Side G
\ Required ratio = :
2 2
2 3 3 \ AG = AD = ×4 3
B D C 3 3
= 3 :2 3 =1:2 BD = DC = 5 cm 8
ÐADB = 90° = cm.
3

SME–1041
GEOMETRY
24. (2) a
1
DE || AC and DE = AC In-radius =
A 2 2 3
\ DE = EF = FD a a
\ D DEF is an equilateral triangle \ Required ratio = :
3 2 3
O 27. (2) = 2: 1
A
30. (3) Let one angle of the triangle
B C be x°.
Point O is orthocentre. \ Sum of remaining two angles =
G 180° – x
\ ÐBOC = 180° –ÐA
\ 110° = 180° –ÐA According to the question,

Þ ÐA = 180° – 110° = 70° B D C 180°– x


x=
AB = 6 cm.; AD ^ BC 2
25. (4) A \ BD = DC = 3 cm. Þ 2x + x = 180°
In DABD, Þ 3x = 180°
Þ x = 60°
AD = AB2 – BD2 \ Other each angle = 60°
= 62 – 32 = 36 – 9 31. (1) A
= 27 = 3 3 cm.
B D C
2 2
\ AG = AD = ×3 3
2 3 3
G
AB = cm. = 2 3 cm.
3

BC 28. (1) A B D C
BD =
2
3
2 1 AD = × Side
P Q 2
= = cm.
2 3 3
3 9 3
= ×9= cm.
\ AD = 2
AB – BD 2 2 2
B C 2 2 9 3
4 1 \ AG = AD = × cm.
= – PQ || BC 3 3 2
3 3 \ ÐAPQ = ÐABC = 3 3 cm.
ÐAQP = ÐACB 32. (2) a2 + b2 + c 2 = ab + bc + ca
3
= = 1 cm. \ By AA - similarity theorem, Þ 2a2 + 2b2 + 2c2 = 2ab + 2bc
3 + 2ca
D APQ ~ D ABC
Þ a2 + b2 – 2ab + b2 + c 2 – 2bc
26. (1) A AB AC 5 + c 2 + a2 – 2ca = 0
\ = = Þ (a – b)2 + (b – c)2 + (c – a)2 = 0
AP AQ 3
\ a–b=0Þa=b
D F AC 5 b–c=0Þb=c
Þ –1 = –1
AQ 3 c–a=0Þc=a
\ a=b=c
AC – AQ 5–3 \ It is an equilateral triangle.
B E C Þ =
AQ 3
33. (2) P
Q AB = BC = AC
\ AD = BE Þ BD = EC = CF = AF
QC 2
Þ =
\ D, E and F are the mid points AQ 3
of AB, BC and CA respectively. M N
AQ 3
\ =
1 QC 2
DF || BC and DF = BC
2 29. (3) For an equilateral triangle,
Q R
1 a
EF || AB and EF = AB Circum-radius = MN || QR
2 3

SME–1042
GEOMETRY
\ ÐPMN = ÐPQR 7. (2)
4. (3) D
ÐPNM = ÐPRQ
By AA-similarity,
DPMN ~ DPQR
DPMN will also be an equilateral
triangle. A
\ MN = PN = PM = 6 cm.

TYPE-II Ð B = ÐC
\ Ð A = 2(Ð B + Ð C)
Þ Ð A = 4Ð C B C
1. (3) A
\ 4Ð C + Ð C + Ð C = 180°
Þ 6Ð C = 180° AB = AC = AD
Þ Ð C = 30° Þ ÐABC = ÐACB = 30°
5 (2) Þ ÐBAC = 180° – 60° = 120°
A Now, ÐDAC = 180° – 120° = 60°
Þ ÐADC + ÐACD = 120°
120°
\ ÐACD = = 60°
2
B \ ÐBCD = ÐACB + ÐACD
C
= 30° + 60° = 90°
AC = BC = 5 cm
B C 8. (3)
D A
AB = AC = 2a units
\ AB = 2
AC + BC 2
BC = a units
a
= 52 + 52 = 50 = 5 2 cm BD = DC = units
2
2. (4) A AD = AB2 - BD2 D B C
a2 15a 2 ÐABC = ÐACB [ Q AB = AC]
= 4a 2 - = ÐBAC = 40°
4 4
Þ ÐABC + ÐACB = 140°
15 Þ ÐABC = 70°
= a units
35° 2 \ ÐABD = 180° – 70° = 110°
6. (3) 9. (1)
B D C F
A
AB = AC
Þ ÐABC = ÐACB = 35°
Now, Ð ADB = 90°
\ ÐBAD = 55° 15° 30°

3. (4) A Q G H
60°
P 75° F G < 3 cm
Q G H = 8 cm
P D
Clearly, FH = GH
The sum of two sides of a trian-
gle is greater than its third side.
B C 10. (4)
B C
From DAQD, A
Let AB = AC = 2x
AQ
sin 60° =
Þ AQ = QC = x AD
Q AB is a secant. 3 b
Þ =
Þ AP × AB = AQ2 2 AD
Þ AP × 2x = x2 2b D
B C
Þ AD =
x 3 AB = AC
Þ AP = From DAPD, BD = DC
2
Ð ADB = 90°
AP x 1 AP a 3a
= = or 1 : 4 sin 75° = = = The triangle will be either isosce-
\ AD 2b 2b les or equilateral.
AB 2 ´ 2x 4
3
SME–1043
GEOMETRY
AQ = AR
11. (2) A A
14. (2) Q AB = AC
\ BQ = RC
Again, BQ = BP; CP = CR
\ BP = PC
17. (4)
A
B D C
30°
D, is the mid–point of BC.
B D C AB = AC = 10 cm. X Y
BD = DC AD ^ BC
AB = AC From DABD,
\ ÐADB = ÐADC = 90° B
BD = AB2 - AD2 C
ÐABC = 35°
D ABC is an isosceles triangle.
In DABD,
= 102 - 82 = 100 - 64 \ ÐABC = Ð ACB
ÐBAD + ÐABD = 90°
= 36 = 6 cm. 180° – 30°
\ ÐBAD = 90° – 35° = 55° = = 75°
12. (2) \ BC = 2 BD = 2 × 6 = 12 cm. 2
XY || BC
A 15. (2) A
\ ÐAXY = ÐABC = 75°
\ ÐBXY = 180° – 75° = 105°
A
E D O 18. (2)

B D C

B C
AD ^ BC In DABC,
B C BD = DC = 12 cm. AB = AC
OC = OA = Circum-radius \ ÐB = ÐC
1
Area of D ABC = = r cm.
2
AB × CE Q ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
AD = AB2 – BD2 ÐA ÐA
1 \ ÐA + + = 180°
3 3
= AC × BD
e12 5 j – a12f
2 2
2 =
3ÐA + ÐA + ÐA
Þ AB = AC [ Q BD = CE] Þ = 180°
= 144 ´ 5 – 144 3
\ D ABC is an isosceles triangle.
5ÐA
= 144 (5 – 1) = 144 ´ 4 Þ = 180°
13. (1) A 3
= 24 cm.
In DOCD, 180° ´ 3
Þ ÐA = = 108°
OD = (24 – r) cm. 5
\ OC2 = OD2 + CD2 19. (1)
Þ r2 = (24 – r)2 + 122 A
Þ r2 = 576 – 48r + r2 + 144
Þ 48r = 720 P Q
40°
720 E
B D C Þ r= = 15 cm. D B C
48
In DABC, A
16. (1)
AB = AC O
\ ÐABC = ÐACB = x° AB = AC
\ ÐBAC = 4x Q R 140
\ 4x + x + x = 180° \ ÐABC = ÐACB = = 70°
2
Þ 6x = 180° Þ x = 30° \ ÐABD=ÐACE = 180° 70°=110°
\ ÐBAC = 4 × 30° = 120° B P C \ ÐPBD = 55° = ÐCBO
ÐQCE = ÐBCO = 55°
1 Tangents drawn on a circle from
ÐBAD = ÐBAC = 60° \ ÐBOC = 180° – 2 × 55°
2 an exterior point are equal. = 180° – 110° = 70°

SME–1044
GEOMETRY
20. (3) A 1
23. (3) ´ 130° = 65°
A \ ÐQPR =
2
D Þ ÐQRP = 180° – 60° – 65° = 55°
Þ ÐPCQ = 110°
\ In D QCR,
B C
QC = CR
AB = AC
Þ ÐCQR = ÐCRQ = 25°
\ ÐABC = ÐACB
B D C [ Q ÐCQR + ÐCRQ = 50°]
ÐA = 80°
\ ÐPQC = ÐQPC = 35°
AB = AC = 15 cm. \ ÐB + ÐC = 180° – 80°
AD ^ BC ; AD = 12 cm. = 100° [ Q ÐPQC + ÐQPC = 70°]
\ BD = DC Similarly, ÐCPR = 30°
100
\ ÐB = = 50° = ÐC \ ÐRPS = 35°
In, DABD 2
3. (1)
A
BD = AB2 – AD2 50
\ ÐDBC = ÐDCB = = 25°
2
= 152 – 122 \ Ð BDC = 180° – ( Ð DBC +
ÐDCB)
= (15 + 12)(15 – 12) = 180° – 50° = 130°
= 27 ´ 3 = 9 cm. A
24. (2)
\ BC = 2 × BD = 2 × 9 B D C
= 18 cm. AD is the internal bisector of Ð A.
E AB BD 5
A D \ = =
21. (2) AC DC 7.5 – 5
5
= =2 :1
2.5
P Q C B 4. (4) The right bisectors of the sides
AC2 + CB2 = AB2 of a triangle meet at a point. The
point of intersection is called cir-
Þ 2BC2 = (AD + DB)2 cum-centre. For an obtuse angled
Þ 2BC2 triangle, circum-centre lies outside
B D C = AD2 + DB2 + 2AD.BD ..... (i) the triangle.
AB = AC DCEB and DCED are right angles. 5. (2) The sum of two sides of a tri-
Point D is the mid-point of side CD2 = CE2 + ED2 angle should be greater than the
BC. and, BC2 = CE2 + BE2 third side.
\ ÐADB = 90° = ÐADC BC2 – CD2 = BE2 – DE2 (3, 5, 6) and (2, 5, 6)
PD is internal bisector of ÐADB. = (BE + DE) (BE – DE) 6. (1)
\ ÐPDA = 45° = (AE + DE) (BE – DE) A
PQ || BC = AD . BD ..... (ii)
\ ÐADQ = 45° \ From equations (i) and (ii)
\ PDQ = 45° + 45° = 90° AD2 + DB2 = 2CD2 F E
E
22. (3)
C TYPE-III O
96°
1. (3) Let the sides of the triangle be B C
D
3x, 4x and 6x units.
Let AB = 4x , BC = 5x , CA = 6x
Clearly, (3x)2 + (4x)2 < (6x)2
\ The triangle will be obtuse angled. DOBA + D BOC + DAOC
A D B = DABC
Let ÐACD = a = ÐDAC 2. (2) P
\ ÐCDB = 2a = ÐCBD 1 1
Þ ´ 4 x ´ 3 + ´ 5x ´ 3
The angles of the base of an isos- 2 2
celes triangle are equal. 1 1
\ ÐACB = 180° – 96° = 84° + ´ 6 x ´ 3 = ´ 6x ´ h
Þ ÐACD + ÐDCB = 84° 2 2
O C
Þ a + 180° – 4a = 84° 15 x
Þ 180° – 3a = 84° Þ 6x + + 9x = 3xh
Q S R 2
Þ 3a = 180° – 84° = 96°
Þ 12 + 15 + 18 = 6h
96 Þ 45 = 6h
Þ a= = 32°
3 ÐPQS = 60°
Þ ÐDBC = 2a = 64° Ð QCR = 130° 15
Þh = = 7.5 cm
2

SME–1045
GEOMETRY
7. (1) Þ Ð A= ÐB
11. (2) A
A \ Ð A + 4Ð B = 180°
Þ 5Ð B = 180°
D
I 180
50° ÞÐB= = 36° = Ð A
5
x y
x y B C \ Ð ACB = 180° – 36° – 36°
B E = 180° – 72° = 108°
C
[Exterior angle is sum of opp. 1 65 14. (2)
ÐIBC= ÐABC = = 32.5°
interior angles] 2 2
C North
ÐACE = ÐBAC + ÐABC
1 55
Þ 2y = ÐA + 2x ÐICB = ÐACB = = 27.5°
Similarly, 2 2
West East
ÐDCE = ÐDBC + ÐBDC \ ÐBIC = 180° – 32.5° – 27.5°
Þ y = 50° + x = 120°
Þ ÐA = 2y – 2x 12. (3) Third angle of triangle South
= 100 + 2x – 2x = 100° = 180° – (21° + 38°)
B A
A = 180° – 59° = 121° > 90°
8. (1) i.e., obtuse angle ÐABC = 90°
13. (2) AB = 24 metre , BC = 10metre
D E \ AC = AB 2 + BC 2
B D
C
= 24 2 + 102
ÐACD = 180° – ÐACB (Linear Pair)
–A C –B
= 180° – 72° = 108° 90° 2 90° = 576 + 100 = 676
2
72 = 26 metre
ÐCAD = ÐADC = = 36°
2 15. (4) A
\ ÐABC = 180° – 109° – 36° A B
= 35°
9. (2) 1
A ÐDAC = (180° – A)
2
F E
A
R Q = 90° –  Ð O
2
In D ADB, B D C
ÐDAB + Ð ADB + ÐDBA = 180° O = Orthocentre
B C A 16. (3) ÐABC + ÐACB + ÐBAC = 180°
P
Þ 90° – Ð + Ð A + 2Ð B = 180°
AP < AB 2 1 3
BQ < BC [ Q AD = AB Þ ÐADB Þ ÐABC + ÐABC + ÐABC
5 5
CR < AC = Ð DBA = Ð B]
= 180°
\ AP + BQ + CR < AB + BC + AC
A
Þ The sum of three altitudes of a Þ 90° + Ð + 2Ð B = 180° 4
triangle is less than the sum of 2 Þ ÐABC + ÐABC = 180°
5
sides. Þ ÐA + 4Ð B = 180° ....(i)
A In D ABE, 9
10. (2) or ÐABC = 180°
AB = BE \ ÐBAE = Ð AEB 5
\ Ð ABE + ÐBAE + ÐBEA Þ 9 ÐABC = 180 × 5
I = 180° Þ ÐABC = 100°
B 17. (3)
90° – + Ð B + 2Ð A = 180°
B C 2 A
ÐABC = 60°, ACB = 50° ÐB
1 Þ 90° + + 2Ð A = 180°
2
Ð IBC = Ð ABC = 30°
2 Þ Ð B + 4Ð A = 180° ....(ii)
1 From equations (i) and (ii),
D E
Ð ICB = Ð ACB = 25° Ð A + 4Ð B = 4Ð A + Ð B B C
2
Þ 3Ð A = 3Ð B
\ ÐBIC = 180° – 30° – 25° = 125° ÐABD = 120°

SME–1046
GEOMETRY
\ ÐABC = 180° – 120° = 60° AO = 10 cm The p oint of intersection of
ÐACE = 105° internal bisectors of a triangle is
\ OD = 5 cm.
called in-centre.
\ ÐACB = 180° – 105° = 75°
A ÐA
\ ÐBAC = 180° – 60° – 75° = 45° 21. (2)
ÐBOC = 90°+
18. (1) 2
A
ÐA
Þ 116° = 90°+
2
F E O ÐA
Þ = 116 – 90° = 26°
2
\ Ð A = 26 × 2 = 52°
B C
B D C
ÐBAC = 30° 26. (3) A
Points D, E, F are midpoints of
x
BC, CA and AB respectively. 1
Any two sides of a triangle are Now, ÐBOC = 90° + Ð BAC
2 y z C
together greater than twice the B
median drawn to the third side. = 90° + 15° = 105°
\ AB + AC > 2AD 22. (3) A
AB + BC > 2BE P
E F
BC + CA > 2CF
On adding, In DABC,
2 (AB + BC + CA) > 2 (AD + BE + CF) O ÐA = x, ÐB = y; ÐC = z
Þ AB + BC + CA > AD + BE + CF In DPBC,
B D C ÐPBC + ÐPCB + ÐBPC = 180°
19. (2) A
BO is the internal bisector of Ð B 1 1
Þ ÐEBC + ÐFCB + ÐBPC
ÐODB = 90°; ÐBOD = 15° 2 2
\ ÐOBD = 180° – 90° – 15° = 75° = 180°
Þ ÐABC = 2 × 75° = 150° Þ ÐEBC + ÐFCB + 2ÐBPC
I = 360°
23. (2) A Þ (180°– y) + (180° – z) + 2 ÐBPC
= 360°
Þ 360°– (y + z) + 2 ÐBPC = 360°
Þ 2 ÐBPC = y + z
B C
Þ 2ÐBPC = 180°– x
ÐB + ÐC = 180 – 50 = 130° = 180° – ÐBAC
In DBIC, 1
ÐIBC + ÐICB + ÐBIC = 180° O \ ÐBPC = 90° - ÐBAC
2
ÐB ÐC = 90° – 50° = 40°
Þ + + ÐBIC = 180°
2 2 B C

1 27. (4) A
Þ ÐBIC = 180° – (ÐB + ÐC) ÐA
2 ÐBOC = 90° +
2
130 ÐA
= 180° – Þ 110 = 90° + D E
2 2
= 180° – 65° = 115° Þ ÐA = 2 × 20 = 40°
20. (2) D, is the mid-point of side BC. 24. (3) The right bisectors of sides
meet at a poi nt called
Point O is the centroid that di-
circumcentre. B C
vides AD in the ratio 2 : 1.
25. (4) A AD AE 1
A = =
AB AC 3
DE 1
\ =
BC 3
O O
B 15
B C C Þ DE = = 5 cm
D 3

SME–1047
GEOMETRY

50° 36. (4) B


28. (2) A ÐICB = = 25°;
2
X \ ÐBIC = 180° – 35° – 25°
D = 180° – 60° = 120°
P A C
Y 32. (2) A AB = BC
B C \ ÐBAC = ÐBCA
Q \ ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
E F Þ 2ÐA + ÐB = 180°
1 Þ 2(2x – 20) + x = 180°
PX || BD and PX = BD
2 Þ 4x – 40 + x = 180°
Þ 5x = 180 + 40 = 220°
1 B D C
QY || BD and QY = BD Þ x = 220 ÷ 5 = 44° = ÐB
2
1 37. (4)
\ PX : QY = 1 : 1 D ABC A
D DEF =
4
29. (2) A 1
= ´ 24 = 6 sq. units
4
33. (3) G
P Q
A
B C
C D
B
P 2
AP AQ 1 AG = AD
= = 3
PB QC 2 1 2
1 2 AG 2
B C Þ = =2:3
QC 2 QC + AQ 3 AD 3
Þ = Þ = ÐBPC = 120°
AQ 1 AQ 1 38. (3) A
\ ÐPBC + ÐPCB = 180°–120°=60°
Þ AC = 3AQ = 9 cm \ ÐABC + ÐACB = 2 × 60° = 120°
30. (2) AB + BC = 12 \ ÐA = 180 – 120 = 60°
BC + CA = 14
34. (3) O
CA + AB = 18
\ 2 (AB + BC + CA) A B C
D
= 12 + 14 + 18 = 44
Þ AB + BC + CA = 22 AO = 2 OD
\ 2pr = 22 O AO 10
F E Þ OD = = = 5 cm
2 2
22
Þ 2´ ´ r = 22 39. (4) In D ABC,
7 G
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
7 B C ÐA + ÐB = 118°
Þr= cm D
2 \ ÐC = 180° – 118° = 62°
31. (3) 1 \ ÐA + ÐC = 96°
A OG = AO
3 Þ ÐA + 62° = 96°
Þ AO = 3 × OG Þ ÐA = 96° – 62° = 34°

I = 3 × 2 = 6 cm 40. (2) A
35. (1) The smallest angle
2
B C = ´ 180°
(2 + 3 + 7 )
B D C
70° 2
ÐIBC = = 35°; = ´ 180° = 30°
2 12 In D ABD,

SME–1048
GEOMETRY
AB2 = AD2 + BD2 AB 8
Þ = 47. (3) A
In D ADC, AD 3
AC2 = AD2 + CD2
\ AB2 + CD2 = AD2 + BD2 + CD2 AD 3
Þ =
= AD2 + CD2 + BD2 AB 8
= AC2 + BD2 AD AE I
41. (2) ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° ...(i) \ =
AB AC
ÐB
ÐA + + ÐC = 140° ...(ii) 3 AE 3´4
2 Þ = Þ AE =
8 4 8
By equation (i) – (ii), B C
= 1. 5 cm.
ÐB In DABC,
= 180° – 140° 45. (3)
2 ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
A \ ÐB + ÐC = 180° – ÐA
ÐB
Þ = 40°
2 1 ÐA
\ (ÐB + ÐC) = 90° –
Þ ÐB = 80° 2 2
42. (2) In D ABC, In DBIC,
Ð A + Ð B + Ð C = 180° ÐB ÐC
Ð A + Ð B = 70° O + + ÐBIC = 180°
2 2
Ð B + Ð C = 130°
\ Ð A = (Ð A + Ð B + Ð C) – (Ð B + B C ÐA
D \ 90° – + ÐBIC = 180°
Ð C) 2
Point ‘O’ is centroid and AD is
= 180 – 130° = 50°
median. ÐA
43. (1) 2 Ð A = 3 Ð B = 6 Ð C Þ ÐBIC = 180° – 90° +
2
2
2ÐA 3ÐB 6ÐC \ AO = AD
Þ = = 3 ÐA
6 6 6 = 90° +
2 2
ÐA ÐB ÐC Þ 10 = AD
Þ = = 3 \ X = 90°
3 2 1 48. (4) In any triangle the sum of the
10 ´ 3
ÞÐA:ÐB:ÐC=3:2:1 Þ AD = = 15 cm squares of any two sides is equal
2 to twice the square of half of the
FG 2 IJ × 180° third side together with twice the
\ÐB= H1 + 2 + 3K \ OD =
1
3
AD =
15
3
= 5 cm square of the median bisecting it.

2 46. (4) A
= × 180° = 60°
6 A
44. (1)
A F E
F
D E E

B D C
B C B D
C
\ AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2)
AD AE ÐC
DE || BC \
AB
=
AC ÐACF = ÐFCB = BC2
2 Þ AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + )
4
AD 3 BD 5 180°-ÐC
= Þ = ÐACE = ÐECD = Þ 2(AB2 + AC2) = 4 AD2 + BC2
BD 5 AD 3 2
Similarly,
ÐC 2(AB2 + BC2) = 4 BE2 + AC2
BD 5 = 90°-
Þ +1= +1 2 2(AC2 + BC2) = 4 CF2 + AB2
AD 3
\ ÐFCE = ÐFCA + ÐACE On adding all three,
BD + AD 5+3 ÐC ÐC 4(AB2 + BC2 + AC2) = 4(AD2 + BE2
Þ = = + 90°- = 90° + CF2) + BC2 + AC2 + AB2
AD 3 2 2

SME–1049
GEOMETRY
Þ 3(AB + BC + AC ) = 4(AD +
2 2 2 2 We know that sum of any two 54. (2)
BE2 + CF2) sides of a triangle is greater than
A
Again, twice the mediun bisecting the
AB + AC > 2AD third side.
AB + BC > 2BE Here, D, E and F are the mid-
BC + AC > 2CF point of the sides BC, AC and AB.
\ 2(AB + BC + AC) > 2(AD + BE \ AB + AC > 2 AD O
+ CF) AB + BC > 2BE
Þ AB + BC + AC > AD + BE + CF BC + AC > 2 CF B C
Adding all three,
BO, CO and AO are internal
49. (1) A 2 (AB + BC + AC) > 2 (AD + BE + CF) bisectors of Ð B, ÐC and Ð A
Þ AB + BC + AC > AD + BE + CF respectively.
52. (*) In any triangle, the sum of the ÐA
N squares of any two sides is equal \ ÐBOC = 90° +
to twice the square of half of the
2
O
third side together with twice the ÐA
Þ 120° = 90° +
square of the median bisecting it. 2
B D C ÐA
A Þ = 120° – 90° = 30°
2
AD = 27 cm
\ ÐA = 30 × 2 = 60°
Centroid = O F E
55. (3)
1
\ OD = AD A
3 B C
D
1
= ´ 27 = 9 cm \ AB + AC = 2 (AD2 + BD2)
2 2
3
ND = 12 cm F AD BC2 I
\ ON = DN – OD Þ AB2 + AC2 = 2 GH 2
+
4 JK 60° 40°
= 12 – 9 = 3 cm B E C
Þ 2 (AB + AC ) = 4 AD + BC
2 2 2 2 D
50. (3) Similarly, Ð BAC = 180° – 60° – 40° = 80°
2 (AB2 + BC2) = 4 BE2 + AC2 Ð BAD = Ð DAC = 40°
2 (AC2 + BC2) = 4 CF2 + AB2 In D ABE,
On adding all three, Ð BAE = 90° – 60° = 30°
4 (AB2 + BC2 + AC2) Ð EAD = 40° – 30° = 10°
= 4 (AD2 + BE2 + CF2) 56. (3)
+ BC2 + AC2 + AB2
E
Þ 3 (AB2 + BC2 + AC2)
AB BD = 4 (AD2 + BE2 + CF2)
= A
AC DC
C
\ AD is the bisector of ÐA. 53. (3)
1 C1 C2
\ ÐBAD = (ÐBAC)
2
F B C D
180 - 70 - 50 60
= = = 30°
2 2
A B
D ÐABC + ÐBCA + ÐBAC = 180°
51. (2) A Again, ÐACB + ÐACD = 180°
ÐBAC < ÐCBA ÐABC + ÐABF = 180°
ÐCDA = ÐCDB = 90°; ÐC1 > ÐC2 ÐBAC + ÐEAC = 180°
F E ÐA + ÐC1 = 90° \ ÐACD + ÐABF + ÐCAE
ÐB + ÐC2 = 90° = 540 – 180° = 360°
\ Ð A + Ð C1 = Ð B + Ð C2 \ Required answer
B C
D \ Ð B – Ð A = Ð C1 – Ð C2 = 2 × 360° = 720 °

SME–1050
GEOMETRY

C 60. (1)
57. (2) A
63. (2)
G
E
P A 90°
G

B Q A
B D C
In D AQC,
ÐA = 90° AD = 9 cm.
Þ CQ2 = AC2 + QA2 2
Þ 4CQ2 = 4AC2 + 4QA2 B C F \ AG = ´ 9 = 6 cm.
3
Þ 4CQ2 = 4AC2 + (2QA)2
BE = 12 cm.
Þ 4CQ2 = 4AC2 + AB2 E
[ Q AB = 2QA] 2
In D BPA, ÐCBE = 130° \ BG = × 12 =8 cm.
3
BP2 = BA2 + AP2 \ ÐABC = 180° – 130° = 50° ÐAGB = 90°
Þ 4BP2 = 4BA2 + 4AP2 ÐACF = 130° \ From DABG,
Þ 4BP2 = 4BA2 + AC2 \ ÐACB = 180° – 130° = 50°
[ Q AC = 2AP] \ ÐBAC = 180° – 50° – 50° = 80° AB = AG2 + BG2
\ 4 CQ2 + 4 BP2 = 4 AC2 + AB2 +
\ ÐGAB = 180° – 80° = 100°
4 AB2 + AC2 = 62 + 8 2 = 36 + 64
Þ 4(CQ2 + BP2) = 5(AC2 + AB2) 61. (4) Two angles of triangle
= 5 BC2 = 4x and 5x (let) = 100 = 10 cm.
According to the question,
2 2
BP + CQ 5 2(4x + 5x) = 180° A
Þ = 64. (4)
2 4 Þ 18x = 180°
BC

58. (2) A 180° D E


Þx= = 10°
18
D E \ The smallest angle
= 4x = 4 × 10 = 40° B C
62. (3) P Ð BAC = 40°,
B O C
Ð ABC = 65°
ÐBDO = 90° \ Ð ACB = 180° – 40° – 65°
ÐBOD = 30° O = 75°
\ ÐDBO = 60° DE || BC
ÐB = ÐC = 60° \ Ð AED = ÐACB = 75°
\ ÐEOC = 30° R
Q \ Ð CED = 180° – 75° = 105°
AO is bisector of BC.
\ ÐDOE = 120° ÐROQ = 96° P
In DOQR 65. (4)
\ ÐAOE = ÐAOD = 60°
ÐOQR + ÐORQ + ÐQOR = 180°
59. (3) A 1 1
Þ ÐPQR + ÐPRQ + 96°
2 2 O
D = 180°
F
O 1
Þ (ÐPQR + ÐPRQ) Q R
2
= 180° – 96° = 84° Ð QPR = 50°
Þ ÐPQR + ÐPRQ = 2 × 84° \ Ð PQR + Ð PRQ
B E C = 168° = 180° – 50° = 130°
In DPQR,
\ ÐBOC = 180° – ÐA 1 1
\ ÐQPR = 180° – 168° = 12° \ ÐPQR + ÐPRQ = 65°
2 2
Þ ÐBOC + ÐBAC = 180°

SME–1051
GEOMETRY
The point of intersection of inter- AB = AD2 + 32 = AD2 + 9 ....(ii)
2
70°
nal bisectors of angles is in-cen- In D ADC, \ ÐBOC = 90° –
tre. 2
AC2 = AD2 + 16 ....(iii)
1 On adding equations (ii) and (iii), = 90° – 35° = 55°
\ ÐOQR = ÐPQR; AB2 + AC2 = AD2 + 9 + AD2 + 16
2 71. (2) A
Þ 49 = 2AD2 + 25
1 Þ 2AD2 = 49 – 25 = 24 F
ÐORQ = ÐPRQ
2 Þ AD2 = 12
E G
In DOQR,
Þ AD = 12 = 2 3 cm.
ÐOQR + ÐQOR + ÐORQ
= 180° 68. (4) A B D C
Þ ÐQOR = 180° – 65° = 115° AD is the median.
F
E is the mid–point of AD.
66. (1) A E DG || BF
D
In DBCF,
D is the mid–point of BC and
B C DG || BF.
O \ G is the mid–point of CF.
DE || BC
\ FG = GC
and E is the mid-point of AC.
In DADG,
B C 1 EF || DG
\ AE = AC
2 E is the mid–point of AD.
1 \ AF = FG
Ð OBC = Ð ABC ; 1
2 = × 12 = 6 cm. \ AF = FG = GC
2
1 69. (2) 1
ÐOCB = ÐACB AF = AC
2 3
A
From D OBC, 2
Ð OBC + Ð OCB + Ð BOC Circumcentre FC = AC
3
= 180° \ FC : AF = 2 : 1
1 72. (3)
(Ð ABC + ÐACB) + Ð BOC C A
2
= 180° D
1 O
According to question, circum-
Þ (180° – ÐBAC) + Ð BOC
2 centre lies outside the triangle.
= 180°
A B C
1 70. (1)
Þ (180° – 100) + Ð BOC 1
2 ÐOBC = ÐABC
2
= 180°
B C
Þ ÐBOC = 180° – 40° = 140° 1
ÐOCB = ÐACB
2
67. (3) B
\ Ð OBC + ÐOCB
D P O Q 1
= (ÐABC + ÐACB)
The sides AB and AC of a trian- 2
gle DABC are produced to P and
A C 1
Q respectively. If the bisectors = (180° – ÐBAC)
BD = 3 cm of ÐPBC and ÐQCB interest at 2
CD = 4 cm O, then 1
In D ABC, = (180° – 80°)
1 2
AB2 + AC2 = 72 ÐBOC = 90° – ÐA
2 100°
Þ AB2 + AC2 = 49 ....(i) = = 50°
Here, ÐA = 70°
In D ABD, 2

SME–1052
GEOMETRY
\ In DOBC, 112 ´ 3 CC1 AC
ÐBOC Þ ÐB = = 48° \ BB = AB
7 1 1
= 180° – (ÐOBC + ÐOCB)
76. (3) In a D ABC, BB1 AB1 AC – B1C
= 180° – 50° = 130°
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° Þ CC = =
73. (1) Let the sides of the triangle 1 AC AC
be 7x, 9x and 12x cm. Þ ÐB + 140° = 180°
Þ ÐB = 180° – 140° = 40° BB1 B1C
According to the question, Þ CC = 1 –
12x – 7x = 15 \ ÐA + 3 ÐB = 180° 1 AC
15 Þ ÐA + 3 × 40° = 180° BB1 BB1
Þ 5x = 15 Þ x = =3 Þ ÐA = 180° – 120° = 60°. Þ CC = 1 –
5 1 AA1
77. (2) The sum of two sides of a tri-
\ Largest side = 12x [From equation (i)
angle is greater than the third
= 12 × 3 = 36 cm. side. BB1 BB1
(5 + 8) < 15 Þ CC + AA = 1
1 1
74. (2) A (5 + 15) > 8
(15 + 8) > 5 1 1 1
Þ CC + AA = BB
78. (2) The point of intersection of 1 1 1
altitudes from the vertices of a 81. (3) The centroid is the centre of
triangle to opposite sides is called gravity.
orth-centre. 82. (1)
B E D C
79. (3) A A
ÐB + ÐC = 60° + 40° = 100°
\ ÐA = 180° – 100° = 80°
\ ÐBAD = 40°
In D ABE, F E
ÐAEB = 90° G
\ ÐBAE = 180° – 90° – 60°
= 30° B C
B D C
\ ÐEAD = ÐBAD – ÐBAE
Length of median on the hypote- 1
= 40° – 30° = 10° Area of DABC = ´ AB ´ CF
nuse in a right angled triangle is 2
75. (2)
1 1
equal to ( × hypotenuse) = ´ 6 ´ 4 = 12 sq. cm.
2 2
A D is the mid-point of BC. Again, area of DABC
AG = 2GD
1
AG = BC = ´ AC ´ BE
2
BC
\ GD = 1
2 Þ 12 = ´ 5 ´ BE
\ ÐBGC = 90° 2
112°
Þ 5 × BE = 2 × 12 = 24
80. (2) A
B C D 24
Þ BE =
B1 5
A1
Exterior angle of a triangle is equal = 4.8 cm.
to the sum of remaining two B C 83. (3) A
interior angles.
\ ÐA + ÐB = 112°
C1
4
\ ÐB + ÐB = 112° In DAA1C and DBB1C, B C D
3
BB1 || AA1 Þ DAA1C ~ DBB1C Exterior ÐACD
4ÐB + 3ÐB AA1 AC = Interior (ÐBAC + ÐABC)
Þ = 112 \ BB = B C ..... (i)
3
1 1 ÐA
7ÐB In DACC1 and DABB1, Þ 120° = ÐA +
2
Þ = 112 BB1 || CC1 Þ DACC1 ~ DABB1
3 Þ 240 = 2 ÐA + ÐA

SME–1053
GEOMETRY
Þ 3 ÐA = 240° Clearly, AD DE
3+4>5 \ =
240° AB BC
Þ ÐA = 4+5>3
3
5+3>4 AB – BD DE
= 80° Þ =
AB BC
89. (1) A
A
84. (3) 7.5 – 6 2
Þ =
P Q 7.5 BC
O 1.5 2
G Þ =
7.5 BC
B D C B D C
AG : GD = 2 : 1 1 2
Point O, is the centroid of DABC. Þ = Þ BC = 2 × 5
AD = 3GD AO : OD = 2 : 1 5 BC
= 3 × 5 = 15 cm. = 10 cm.
10 2 92. (2)
85. (4) The sum of all the angles of a Þ = Þ 2 × OD = 10
triangle is 180°. OD 1
From option (4)
A
10
50° + 60° + 70° = 180° Þ OD = = 5 cm.
86. (3) 2
90. (*)
B E D
G
A

E
O B C
F
A C Po int G is the cent roi d of
D I D ABC.
Point ‘O’ is the centroid of trian-
B C Point G divides AF (each medi-
gle ABC.
an) in the ratio 2 : 1.
1 The point of intersection of in-
\ OE = CE ternal bisectors of the angles of Proof
3
a triangle is incentre.
1 ÐBAC = 180° – 90° – 70° = 20° A D1
B1
Þ 7= CE
3 ÐA ÐC
\ ÐAIC = 180° – – E
\ CE = 21 cm 2 2 G1 F1
F G
87. (3) A = 180° –10° – 35°
= 135°
B D C
91. (3)
Reflect D ABC on side AC.
A ABCB1 is a parallelogram.
BEB1 is a straight line. and
Q CD = AD, and CD || AD1
B C DCD1A is a parallelogram.
D E DG || CG1
AB = a – b; BC = 2ab ;
Q BD = DC and DG || CG, and
AC = 2 2 BG = GG1
a +b
B C
\ BG : GG1 = 1 : 1
\ AB2 + BC2 = (a – b)2 + ( 2ab )2
In D ADE and D ABC, Q GE = EG1, BG = GE = 2 : 1
= a2 + b2 – 2ab + 2ab = a2 + b2
Q DE | | BC 93. (1) The ortho-centre of an acute
= AC2
angled triangle lies inside the tri-
\ ÐABC = 90° Q ÐD = ÐB ; ÐE = ÐC angle.
88. (2) The sum of two sides of a tri- \ By AA - similarity, 94. (1) The point of intersection of
angle is greater than the third medians of a triangle is called
D ADE ~ D ABC
side. centroid.

SME–1054
GEOMETRY

95. (1) Þ AB 2 = BC × BD AB AC
P
2 Þ –1 = – 1
Þ 2 2e j = BC × 2
AD
AB – AD
AE
AC – AE
Þ 8 = BC × 2 Þ =
AD AE
Q R S 8 BD AC – AE
Þ BC = = 4 cm. Þ =
ÐPRS = 110° 2 AD AE
\ ÐPRQ = 180° – 110° = 70° \ CD = BC – BD
5 5.6 – AE
= (4 – 2) cm. = 2 cm. Þ =
\ ÐPQR 3 AE
= 180° – ÐQPR – ÐPRQ A
Þ 5AE = 16.8 – 3AE
= 180° – 72° – 70° = 38° Þ 5AE + 3AE = 16.8
96. (1) 99. (2) Þ 8AE = 16.8
B B C D 16.8
Þ AE = = 2.1 cm.
Q Exterior angle of triangle is 8
equal to the sum of two opposite
102. (1) P
O angles.
Q ÐACD = 112°
\ ÐA + ÐB = 112°
A C 4
Þ ÐB + ÐB = 112° Q R
ÐB = 70° ; ÐC = 60° 3
PQ = PR
\ ÐA = 180° – 70° – 60° 4 ÐB + 3ÐB
Þ = 112° \ DPQR is an isosceles triangle.
= 50° 3
\ ÐPQR = ÐPRQ
According to the question,
ÐOAC = 25° ;
LMQ ÐB = 3 ÐA Þ ÐA = 4 ÐBOP and ÐPQR = 2ÐQPR

ÐOCA = 30°
N 4 3 Q In DPQR,
ÐP + ÐQ + ÐR = 180°
Þ 7 × ÐB = 112 × 3
\ ÐAOC = 180° – 25° – 30°
112 ´ 3 ÐQ
= 125°
Þ ÐB = = 48°
Þ + ÐQ + ÐQ = 180°
7 2
97. (3) Sum of three angles of a tri-
angle = 180° 5
100. (2) A Þ ÐQ = 180°
A :B:C =2:3:4 2
Sum of the terms of ratio = 2 + 3 180 ´ 2
+ 4 = 9 \ ÐQ = = 72°
5
Required difference
103. (2) A
F 4 2I
= G – J
C B
H 9 9K × 180°
ÐC = 90°
AB = 12 cm., BC = 8 cm.
2
= × 180° = 40° \ AC =
9 AB 2 – BC 2 G

98. (4) C = 122 – 82 = 144 – 64 B D C


= 80 » 9 cm. The point of intersection of me-
dians of a triangle is called cen-
D 101. (4) A troid. It divides each median in
the ratio 2 : 1.
D E AG 2 GD 1
A B \ = Þ =
GD 1 AG 2
In DABD, B C GD 1
AD = BD = 2 cm. DE||BC Þ +1= +1
AG 2
\ AB = \ ÐADE = ÐABC
22 + 22 = 8 GD + AG 1+ 2
ÐAED = ÐACB Þ =
= 2 2 cm. By AA – similarity, AG 2
DABD ~ DBCA DADE @ DABC AD 3
Þ =
AB BD AB AC AG 2
\ = = Þ AG : AD = 2 : 3
BC AB AD AE

SME–1055
GEOMETRY
104. (4) The right bisectors of the ÐPST = Ð PQR ( Q ST || QR)
sides of a triangle meet at the
point called circum-centre. It is
ÐPTS = ÐPRQ 111. (1) P
equidistant from the vertices of \ By AA– similarity,
the triangle DPST ~ DPQR
105. (1) A PS PT
X Y
\ =
PQ PR

Þ
PQ
=
PR Q R
PS PT
XY || QR
B D C PS + SQ 6
Þ = ÐPXY = ÐPQR
PS PT
Point ‘D’ is the mid-point of side ÐPYX = ÐPRQ
BC. SQ 6 By AA–similarity,
1 Þ 1+ = DPXY ~ DPQR
PS PT
AD = BC
2 PQ QR
Þ 2AD = BC 5 6 \ =
Þ 1+ = PX XY
\ AD = BD = DC 3 PT
\ AB = AC PX 5
8 6 Q =
\ AD ^ BC Þ = XQ 6
3 PT
\ ÐABD = ÐDAB = 45° XQ 6
\ ÐBAC = 90° Þ 8 PT = 6 × 3 Þ =
PX 5
106. (1)
6´3 9
Þ PT = = = 2.25 cm. XQ + PX 6+5
A 8 4 Þ = = 5 : 11
PX 5
108. (1) The point of intersection of
medians of a triangle is called PQ 11
Þ =
centroid. PX 5
F 109. (1) The exterior angle of a trian-
E PX XY 5
gle is equal to the sum of two re- Þ = =
maining opposite angles. PQ QR 11
O Q
P

B
A 112. (2) A
C
The line joining the mid-points of 45°
two sides of a triangle is parallel P Q
to the third side and half of that 115°
one. B C D
1 B C
\ FE = BC (From DABC) \ ÐACD = ÐA + ÐB
2
The straight line joining the mid–
Þ 115° = 45° + ÐB points of the two sides of a tri-
1
PQ = BC (From DBOC) Þ ÐB = 115° – 45° = 70° angle is parallel to the third side
2
\ ÐACB = 180° – 115° = 65° and half of it.
\ FE = PQ = 3 cm.
\ BC = 2 × PQ = 2 × 6
107. (2) OR = 12 cm.
P ÐACB = 180° – ÐACD 113. (4) In DABC,
= 180° – 115° = 65° A : B : C = 5 : 3 : 10
Sum of the terms of ratio
\ ÐB = 180° – 65° – 45° = 70°
S T = 5 + 3 + 10 = 18
110. (2) In DABC,
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° \ Required difference
\ ÐB = (ÐA + ÐB + ÐB + ÐC) –
Q R
(ÐA + ÐB + ÐC) FG 10 – 3 IJ × 180 = 70°
In DPST and DPQR, = 75° + 140° – 180° = 35°
=
H 18 K
SME–1056
GEOMETRY
DAXY ~ DABC
114. (3) 119. (1) A
AX XY
A \ =
AB BC
AX XY BC D F
Þ = Þ =2
2AX BC XY
By componendo and dividendo, O
B C D
AC = BC BC + XY 2 +1 B E C
=
ÐABC = ÐBAC = 50° BC – XY 2 –1
O Þ Ortho-centre
\ ÐACB = 180° – 100° = 80°
12 ÐBOC = 150°
\ ÐACD = 180° – 80° = 100 Þ =3
BC – XY ÐBOC = 180° – ÐA
80° Þ ÐBAC = 180° – 150° = 30°
ÐCAD = ÐCDA = = 40° Þ BC – XY
2 120. (1) If the orthocentre of a trian-
\ ÐBAD = ÐBAC + ÐCAD 12 gle lies on the side, it lies on the
= 50° + 40° = 90° = = 4 units. vertex.
3
121. (4) The sum of the two sides of a
115. (2) A triangle is greater than the third
117. (2) A
side.
\ 5+x>9
P Q Þ x>9–5
Þ x>4
O
\ Required answer = 5
B C 122. (1) Angles of triangle
PQ || BC = x°, 2x° and 3x° (let)
\ ÐAPQ = ÐABC B C \ x + 2x + 3x = 180°
ÐAQP = ÐACB Þ 6x = 180°
By AA – similarity theorem, In DABC, Þ x = 30°
DAPQ ~ DABC ÐBAC = 60°
\ ÐABC + ÐACB = 180° – 60° A
AB BC
\ = = 120°
AP PQ
1
AB – AP BC – PQ Þ ( ÐABC + ÐACB) = 60°
Þ = 2
AP PQ
In DBOC,
BP BC – PQ 60°
Þ ÐOBC + ÐOCB + ÐBOC = 180° B
Þ = C
AP PQ
1 \ Angles of triangle
5 BC – 18 Þ ( Ð ABC + ÐACB) + ÐBOC =
Þ =
2 = 30°, 60° and 90°
3 18 180° ÐABC = 90°
5 Þ Ð BOC = 180° – 60° = 120° ÐBAC = 30°
Þ BC – 18 = × 18 = 30 \ BC = 10 cm.
3
118. (2) C
Þ BC = 30 + 18 = 48 cm. BC
116. (4) cos60° =
AC
A 1 10
Þ =
2 AC
Þ AC = 20 cm.
X Y
A B 123. (4) C

B C ÐA = 90°
\ ÐB + ÐC = 90°
Point X is the mid-point of AB.
Point Y is the mid-Point of AC. Let, ÐB = x° and ÐC = (x + 8)° Q
\ XY || BC \ x + x + 8° = 90°
Ð AXY = ÐABC Þ 2x = 90° – 8° = 82°
Ð AYX = ÐACB 82
Þx= = 41° = smallest angle A D P B
By AA–similarity, 2

SME–1057
GEOMETRY
From DACD, AB BC
AB = AC
AD = 8 cm. Þ = 90°
CD = 6 cm.
AB - BD DE \ ÐABC = ÐACB = = 45°
2
ÐCDA = 90° 7 BC
Þ = 133. (2)
\ AC = 2 2 7 - 3 DE
AD + DC
BC 7 3.5
= 82 + 6 2 = 64 + 36 Þ = = - 3.5 : 2
DE 4 2
= 100 = 10 cm 128. (4)
The straight line joining the mid-
A
points of two sides of a triangle
is parallel to the third side and
half of third side.
1
\ PQ = AC = 10 = 5 cm. The point of intersection of the
2 2 internal bisectors of the angles
124. (2) The sum of two sides of a tri- 65° of a triangle meet at a point that
35°
angle is greater than the third is incentre-equidistant from the
side. B D C sides.
Clearly, 134. (1) In DABC and DDEF,
ÐABC = 35°
(8 + 15) > 17 ÐA = ÐF = 50°
(15 + 17) > 8
ÐACB = 65°
\ ÐBAC = 180° – 35° – 65° ÐB = ÐE = 70°
(8 + 17) > 15 ÐC = ÐD = 60°
125. (4) The circumcentre of a trian- = 180° – 100° = 80°
ÐBAD = ÐDAC = 40° \ DABC ~ DFED
gle is equidistant from its verti-
\ ÐADB = 180° – 35° – 40° 135. (3) 4ÐA = 3ÐB = 12ÐC
ces.
126. (3) Three angles of triangle = 105° 4ÐA 3ÐB 12ÐC
129. (2) The orthocentre of an obtuse Þ = =
= x, y and z 12 12 12
angled triangle lies outside the
According to the question, ÐA ÐB ÐC
triangle.
x + y = 116° Þ = =
3 4 1
x – y = 24 3
130. (3) sin (B + C – A) = \ ÐA : ÐB : ÐC = 3 : 4 : 1;
On adding, 2
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
2x = 116 + 24 = 140 = sin 60°
\ Sum of the terms of ratio
Þ B + C – A = 60° ..... (i)
140 =3+4+1=8
Þ x= = 70° Again,
2 tan (C + A – B) = 1 = tan 45° 3
\ x + y = 116° \ ÐA = × 180° = 67.5°
Þ C + A – B = 45° ..... (ii) 8
Þ 70° + y = 116° On adding (i) and (ii) 136. (2) The sum of the two sides of
\ y = 116° – 70° = 46° B+C–A+C+A–B a triangle is greater than the third
Third angle (z) = 60° + 45° side.
Þ 2C = 105° For option, 11 cm., 3 cm., and
= 180° – 116° = 64°
12 cm,
105° 11 + 3 = 14 > 12
127. (3) A Þ C= = 52.5°
2 3 + 12 = 15 > 11
131. (3) The difference between two 11 + 12 = 23 > 3
sides of a triangle is less than
the third side. A
D E 137. (3)
\ In DXYZ,
XY – YZ < XZ

B C B
132. (3)
DE || BC
\ ÐADE = ÐABC
B D C
ÐAED = ÐACB
AD = 6 cm.
\ By AA - similarity theorem,
BD = 4 cm.
DADE ~ ÐABC
\ AB = AD2 + BD2
AB BC
= A C
AD DE = 62 + 4 2

SME–1058
GEOMETRY

= 144. (3) In a DABC,


36 + 16 = 52 cm. 1
\ XY = BC 2
2
AB2 52 ÐA : ÐB : ÐC = 1 : :3
\ BD = Þ4= Þ BC = 2XY 3
BC BC
\ BC + XY = 12 =3: 2:9
52 Sum of the terms of ratio
Þ BC = = 13 cm. Þ 2XY + XY = 12
4 = 3 + 2 + 9 = 14
Þ 3XY = 12
\ Lowest angle = ÐB
138. (2) A 12
Þ XY = = 4 units
2
3 = × 180°
14
D E \ BC = 12 – 4 = 8 units
180 5°
\ BC – XY = 8 – 4 = 4 units = = 25
7 7
P B
B C
141. (2) 145. (1)
According to the question,
AD 8 2 L M D E
= =
DB 12 3
AE 6 2
= = Q R A C
EC 9 3
In DBDE and DABC,
LM || QR
AD AE 2 DE || AC
\ = = \ ÐPLM = ÐPQR
DB EC 3 \ ÐBDE = ÐBAC
ÐPML = ÐPRQ ÐBED = ÐBCA
DB EC 3 \ By AA–similarity theorem,
Þ = = By AA–similarity,
AD AE 2 DPLM ~ DPQR DBDE ~ DBAC
DB + AD 3+2 EC + AE PL PM 2 1.5 DB BE
Þ = = \ = Þ = \ =
AD 2 AE LQ MR 6 MR AD EC
AB 5 AC Þ 2MR = 1.5 × 6 AB – AD BE
Þ = = Þ =
AD 2 AE 1.5 ´ 6 AD EC
\ DABC ~ DADE Þ MR = = 4.5 cm.
2 5– 3 BE
AB BC 5 Þ =
142. (3) The point of intersection of 3 EC
\ = =
AD DE 2 the medians of a triangle is called
BE 2
centroid. Þ =
5 EC 3
Þ BC = DE
2 143. (3) A 146. (1) A
139. (3) In a triangle ABC,
ÐB = 5ÐC; ÐA = 3ÐC
\ ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° F E
Þ 3ÐC + 5ÐC + ÐC = 180°
O
Þ 9ÐC = 180°
B D C B C
180°
Þ ÐC = = 20° ÐA + ÐB = 135°
9 AO = 4 cm.
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°
2 \ ÐC = 180° – 135° = 45°
A Þ AD = 4
140. (2) 3 \ ÐC + 2ÐB = 180°
4´3 Þ 2ÐB = 180° – ÐC
X Y Þ AD = = 6 cm. = 180° – 45°
2 = 135°
BO = 6 cm.
135°
3´6 \ ÐB = = 67.5°
B C Þ BE = = 9 cm. 2
2 \ ÐA = ÐB
The line joining the mid–points CO = 8 cm.
of two sides of a triangle is par- Þ BC = AC
allel to the third side and half of 8´3 ÐC < ÐB
the base. Þ CF = = 12 cm. Þ AB < AC
2

SME–1059
GEOMETRY

147. (2) A 1 8 2. (2) B


Þ =
2 AC
D Þ AC = 8 2 cm.

A
150. (2)
B C
E
D A C
In DABC and DDEC
If AB = x; BC = 2x units
AB || DE
\ ÐABC = ÐDEC = 90° B C Þ AC = 4x 2 - x 2 = 3 x
ÐCAB = ÐCDE
The point of intersection of inter- AB 1
By AA-similarity theorem, =
nal bisectors of angles of a trian- \ sin ÐACB = = sin30°
DABC ~ DDEC BC 2
gle is in-centre.
AB AC \ ÐACB = 30°
ÐA = 70°; ÐB = 80°
\ =
DE CD \ ÐC = 180° – (70° + 80°) 3. (3) A
= 30°
9 24
Þ = \ ÐACB = 2x° = 30°
3 CD D
Þ x = 15°
24 ÐB ÐC
Þ 3= ÐBDC = 180° – –
CD 2 2
B C
24 80° 30°
Þ CD = = 8 cm = 180° – – Here, 62 + 82 = 102
3 2 2 \ DABC is a right angled triangle.
\ AD = AC – CD = 180° – 40° – 15° = 125° = y AC = 10 cm
= 24 – 8 = 16 cm Point D is the mid-point of side
148. (3) 151. (3) A
A BC.
Point D is equidistant from the
E D vertices A, B and C.
O \ AD = BD = CD = 5 cm
4. (2) In a right angled triangle,
I
(Hypotenuse)2
B C
= (Perpendicular)2 + (Base)2
ÐBOC = 180° – ÐA Þ (x + 2)2 = (x – 2)2 + x2
B C Þ ÐA = 180° – ÐBOC Þ x2 + 4x + 4 = x2 – 4x + 4 + x2
BI and CI are bisectors of angles = 180° – 100° = 80° Þ x2 – 8x = 0
ÐB and ÐC. Þ x (x – 8) = 0 Þ x = 8
ÐBAC = 70° TYPE-IV 5. (2) In DACD and DABC,
\ ÐABC + ÐACB = 180° – 70° ÐCDA = ÐCAB = 90°
= 110° ÐC is common.
\ 2ÐIBC + 2 ÐICB = 110° 1. (3) A \ DACD ~ DABC
Þ ÐIBC + ÐICB = 55° C
\ ÐBIC = 180° – 55° = 125° E
G
149. (1) A 90° D

B D C
AD = 9 cm. A B
1
Þ GD = ´ 9 = 3 cm DACD AC 2
45° 3 \ =
90° DABC BC 2
BE = 6 cm
B C
2 10 92
According to the question, Þ BG = ´ 6 = 4 cm Þ =
AB = 8 cm. 3 40 BC 2
ÐABC = 90°
\ BD = 32 + 42 = 9 + 16 Þ BC 2 = 4 ´ 92
AB \ BC = 2 × 9 = 18 cm
\ sin 45° = = 5 cm.
AC

SME–1060
GEOMETRY
6. (4)
C 8. (2) a 2b 2 = (a 2 + b 2 )p 2

1 a 2 + b2
Þ =
D p 2
a 2b 2

1 a2 b2
Þ = +
p2 a 2b 2 a 2b 2
A B
ÐBAC = 90° 1 1 1 1 1
Þ = + = +
p2 b2 a2 a2 b2
AB = AD 2 + BD 2
= 36 + 16 = 52 cm AC
sin30° = B
BC 10. (3)
DABD and DABC are similar.
AB BD 1 AC
\ = Þ = Þ AC = 3 3
BC AB 2 6 3 D
Þ AB2 = BC × BD
AD
Þ 52 = BC × 4 Also, sin60° =
AC
52
Þ BC = = 13 cm AD
4 3
Þ = A C
2 3 3
7. (2) A
In
3 3´ 3
Þ AD = = 4.5 cm D ABC, AD ^ BC
N 2
Þ D BAC ~ D ADC \ Ratio of area of
9. (2) triangles = ratio of square of their
C corresponding sides Hence,
B
ar BAC b g = BC 2
=
64
BC = 2 2 ar ( ADC ) AC 2 36
10 - 6 = 100 - 36
= 64 = 8 cm 16
= = 16 : 9
Area of D ABC, 9
11. (1)
1
= ´ BC ´ AB
2 A
1 a
= ´ 8 ´ 6 = 24 sq.cm BC = a, AC = b b
2
\ AB = 2 2 2 2 x
AC + BC = b + a
1 2
Again, AC ´ BN = 24 Area of D ABC
2 a b
1 B C
1 = ´ BC ´ AC x D x
´ 10 ´ BN = 24 2
Þ 2 2
2
1
= ab I ~ DABC, Let BC = x Since AD is
24 2
Þ BN = x
5 Again, area of D ABC the median, \ BD = DC =
2
\ NC = 1
BC2 - BN2 = ´ AB ´ CD
2 1 1 x
Also, AD = BC = x or
576 32 2 2 2
64 - = 1
= cm = ´ a 2 + b2 ´ p In D ABD, AD = BD Þ ÐBAD =
25 5 2
ÐABD Similarly in
32 50 - 32 18 1 1
AN = 10 - = = \ ab = a 2 + b2 ´ p D ADC, ÐDAC = ÐACD,
5 5 5 2 2
ÐA = a + b.
18 32 Þ ab = a 2 + b2 ´ p Thus, a + b + a + b = 180°
\ AN : NC = : = 9 : 16 Þ a + b = 90° Þ ÐA = 90°
5 5 On squaring both sides,

SME–1061
GEOMETRY
12. (3) A ÐDEC = 90°
5 55 60
DE = 18 cm = + =
CE = 5 cm 3 3 3

DE 18 = 20 = 2 5 cm.
\ tan C = = = 3.6
CE 5 17. (2) When orthocentre lies at right
tan ÐABC = 3.6 angular vertex, then the triangle
Þ ÐC = ÐB is right angled.
B C
\ AC = AB 18. (4) (2 x)2 + (x2 – 1)2
AC = Diameter of circum circle = 4 x2 + x4 – 2 x2 +1
ÐC + Ð D = 90°
= 52 + 122 = 13 cm Þ 2 Ð C + 2 Ð D = 180° = x4 + 2 x2 +1 = (x2 + 1)2
Ð C + Ð A + Ð B = 180° It is a right angled triangle,
13
\ Circum-radius = Þ 2C + Ð A = 180° 19. (3) A
2
\ÐA= 2ÐD
= 6.5 cm
AC 2CD
13. (3) A \ =
CB CE
AC 2CB
Þ = or 2BC CE
CD CE
B
16. (1) B
y C
5
B C 3 5
M 2
In right angled D ABC,
AC2 y ÐB=ÐA+ÐC
AB × BC =
2 x L x
A C A
Þ AC2 = 2 AB × BC
Þ AB2 + BC2 = 2 AB × BC Since BL is the Median AL = LC =
x (say). Since CM is the Median,
Þ (AB – BC)2 = 0 60°
BM = MA = y (say)
Þ AB = BC AB2 + AC2 = 25 ...(i)
\ ÐBAC = ÐACB = 45°
14. (1) A
F3 5I 2
60° 60°
Þ G
H 2 JK = (2y)2+ x2 B C
In an equilateral triangle ABC,
9´5
Þ = 4y2 + x2
ÐA + ÐC
4
ÐB=
45 2
Þ 4y2 = – x2 ...(ii)
4 A
C D B In DABC, BC2 = AB2 + AC2
Þ 25 = (2y)2 + (2x)2
In DABC, AC2 + BC2 = AB2
25 = 4y2 + 4x2 Þ 25
In DACD, AD2 = AC2 + CD2
Þ AD2 – CD2 = AC2 45 C
= – x2 + 4x2
\ AB2 + AC2 4 B
= AC2 + BC2 + AD2 – CD2
55 55 In obtuse angled triangle,
Þ AB2 = BC2 + AD2 – CD2 3x2 = Þ x2 =
4 12 ÐB>ÐA+ÐC
Þ AB2 + CD2 = BC2 + AD2
15. (3) 45 55
C Put in (ii) Þ 4y2 = - A
4 12
135 - 55
=
12
E
80 80 5
D Þ 4y2 = Þ y2 = 12 ´ 4 = 3
12 B C
Now , CM
In acute angled triangle ABC,

y 2 + 4x 2 =
5
+4
FG IJ
55 ÐA<ÐB+ÐC
A B =
3 H K
12 ÐB<ÐA+ÐC

SME–1062
GEOMETRY
20. (2) 22. (4) Angle in a semi-circle is a right
180
angle. Þ x° = = 18°
10
23. (1) B Angles of triangle = 2x = 2 × 18 =
A 36°,
3x = 3 × 18 = 54°,
5x = 5 × 18 = 90°,
D
Hence, it is a right angled trian-
gle.
F 27. (2) B
A
C
D
O
1
BD = DC = BC
2
B E C \ AC2 = AD2 + CD2
A C

AB = AD + BD
2 2 2 ÐBAC = 90°
= AD2 + CD2 From DABC,
On adding,
AC = AB 2 + BC 2 AB2 + AC2 = 2AD2 + 2CD2
BC = AB2 + AC2
Þ BC2 = 2AD2 + 2CD2
= 62 + 82 = 62 + 8 2 = 36 + 64
Þ 4CD2 = 2AD2 + 2CD2
= 36 + 64 = 100 = 10 cm Þ AD2 = CD2 = 100 = 10 cm.

OD = OE = OF = radii
Þ AD = CD = BD \ Semi–perimeter of DABC = s
Mid point on the hypotenuse of a
= r cm right angled triangle is equidis- 6 + 8 + 10 24
= = = 12 cm.
\ Area of [DAOB + DBOC + DAOC] tant from the vertices. 2 2
= DABC 5 13 1
24. (1) Ratio of sides = 3 : : Area of DABC = × AC × AB =
1 1 4 4 2
Þ ´6 ´r + ´8´r +
2 2 = 12 : 5 : 13 1
52 + 122 = 132 × 8 × 6 = 24 sq. cm.
2
1 1 It is a right angled triangle.
´ 10 ´ r = ´ 8 ´ 6
2 2 25. (4)
D 24
\ In–radius = = = 2 cm.
Þ 3r + 4r + 5r = 24 s 12

Þ 12r = 24 O 28. (3)


A
24
Þr= = 2 cm N
12
21. (1) In right angled triangle PQR,
12 km
W E B
D C

P S I n ri ght angl ed D ABD and


A B D ADC,
5 km AB2 = AD2 + BD2
and, AC2 = AD2 + DC2
\ OB = OA 2 + AB2 On adding,
AB2 + AC2 = 2AD2 + BD2 + CD2
= 122 + 52 Þ AB 2 + AC 2 = 2BD × CD +
Q R
BD2 + CD2
= 144 + 25 = 169 = 13 km.
[ Q AD2 = BD × CD]
26. (1) Angles of triangle = 2x°, 3x°
PQ2 + QR2 = PR2 Þ AB2 + AC2 = (BD + CD)2
and 5x° (let)
= BC2
Here, 32 + 42 = 52 \ 2x° + 3x° + 5x° = 180°
\ ÐBAC = 90°
\ The smallest side = 3 units Þ 10x° = 180°

SME–1063
GEOMETRY
A circle will pass through the
29. (3) A A points A, B, and C such that AC
is diameter as ÐB = 90°.
32. (2)
\ AD = BD = DC = 5 cm.
34. (4) Let the other sides of right
C angled tria ngle be 4x a nd
B C 3x cm.
D
2 2
b O Q (Perpendicular) + (Base)
In D ABC and D DAC, = (Hypotenuse)2
ÐADC = ÐBAC, ÐC = ÐC Þ (4x)2 + (3x)2 = (20)2
By AA – similarity criterion, C a B Þ 16x2 + 9x2 = 400
D ABC ~ D DAC Þ 25x2 = 400
In radius = r units 400
AB BC AC Þ x2 = = 16
\ = = Area of (DOAC + DOBC + DOAB) 25
DA AC DC
= Area of DABC \ x = 16 = 4
CB CA \ Other sides of triangle
Þ = 1 1 1
= 4 × 4 = 16 cm.
CA CD Þ br + ar + cr
2 2 2 and 3 × 4 = 12 cm.
Þ CA2
= CB × CD
= BC (BC – BD) 1 35. (2) X
= ab
= 14 × (14 – 5) = 14 × 9 2
= 126 sq. cm. r (a + b + c) = ab
\ From D ADC D
ab
CA2 = AD2 + C’D2 Þ r= ..... (i)
a +b +c
Þ 126 = AD2 + 92
In right angled triangle DABC,
Þ AD2 = 126 – 81 = 45 Y Z
a2 + b2 = c2
Þ AD = 45 = 3 5 cm. Þ (a + b)2 – 2ab = c2 XY = 2.5 cm
Þ (a + b)2 – c2 = 2ab YZ = 6 cm
30. (2)
Þ (a + b + c) (a + b – c) = 2ab \ XZ = XY 2 + YZ 2
A \ From equation (i),
= (2.5)2 + (6)2
ab
r=
8 cm a +b +c = 6.25 + 36

ba + b + c g ba + b – c g = 42.25 = 6.5 cm
B C
= 2 ba + b + c g The angle of semi-circle is right
15 cm angle.
a +b –c \ XZ = Diameter of circle
\ AC = =
AB 2 + BC 2 2 6.5
\ Circum-radius =
2
= 8 2 + 152 33. (2)
A = 3.25 cm
= 64 + 225 F

= 289 = 17 cm.
D 36. (3)

X
AB 8
\ sin C =
AC
=
17 B C
31. (2) AB = BC = k, D E
In DABC, The median splits the right trian-
AC = 2k
gle into two isosceles triangles
AB 2 + BC2 = k2 + k2 AC = AB 2 + BC 2 and the median is half the length
= 2k2 = AC2 of the hypotenuse.
\ DABC is a right angled trian-
= 62 + 82 \ EF = 12 cm.
gle. = 36 + 64 = 100 = 10 cm. Þ DX = XE = XF = 6 cm.

SME–1064
GEOMETRY

TYPE-V P 6. (2) A
1. (4)

A D
D E

Q R
B C
B C E F In similar triangles D ABC and D
PQR, DE ||BC
Two triangles are congruent if ÐADE = ÐABC
AB BC AC
two sides and the included an- = = ÐAED = ÐACB
gle of one are equal to the corre- PQ QR PR \ DADE ~ DABC
sponding sides and the includ-
AB + BC + AC BDEC 1
ed angle of the other triangle. = Now, =
PQ + QR + PR D ADE 1
(SAS criterion).
2. (3) [DE divides D into two equal parts]
AB 36 3
Þ = = BDEC
10 24 2 Þ +1=1+1
P D ADE
3
Þ AB =
2
× 10 = 15 cm DABC AB 2
P Þ =2=
T S 4. (3) DADE AD 2

A AB
Þ = 2
S T AD
Q R
AB
Þ -1 = 2 -1
D AD
Ð PQR = Ð PST
Ð P = ÐP BD
\ D PST and DPQR are similar, Þ = 2 -1
AD
PQ PR
\ = C AD 1
PS PT B E Þ BD =
2 -1
In DABC and DDBE,
8 PR DE || AC
Þ = or 1 : 2 -1
3 5 \ ÐBAC = ÐBDE
ÐBCA = ÐBED
8´5 40 7. (4) A
Þ PR = = \ By AA–similarity
3 3 4
DABC ~ DDBE
D
40 A
\ SR = PR – PS = –3 5. (4)
3 6
2x
40 – 9 31
= = cm. P Q
3 3 B C
E
x
3. (1)
DE || AC
B C
A D BDE ~ D BAC
In D ABC, PQ||BC
Þ D APQ ~ ABC BD BE
Þ =
DA EC
AP PQ 2x 2
Þ = = = =2:3
AB BC 3x 3 6 BE
Þ =
[Let PB = x Þ AB = 3x and 4 EC
AP = 3x – x = 2x] Þ BE : CE = 3 : 2
B C

SME–1065
GEOMETRY

8. (3) A AB D
Þ = 2
AD

AB
D E Þ –1= 2 –1
AD
AB – AD
B C Þ = 2 –1 E F
AD
DABC ~ DDEF and 4AB = DE
AD AB BD
= Þ = 2 –1 AB 1
AE AC AD
Þ =
D ADE ~ D ABC DE 4
BD BD AD 2 -1
\ = × =
AB BC
1 AB AD AB 2
\ DE = BC \ =
4 DE EF
11. (4)
1 1 12
= ´ 12 = 3 cm A Þ =
4 4 EF
9. (3) Þ EF = 48 cm.

A E D 13. (1) A

B C
D E P Q
In DADE and DABC,
ÐABC = ÐADE
B C ÐA = ÐA B C
\ DABC ~ DADE
AB 2
= ÐP = ÐB
AD 1 AB BC AC
\ = = ÐQ = ÐC
DADE ~ DABC AD DE AE
\ By AA — similarity,
AB BC 2 AE + EB AC DAPQ ~ DABC
= = \ =
AD DE 1 AD AE
AP AQ
DE 1 3 + 2 AC \ =
= Þ = AB AC
\ =1:2
2 3
BC 2
AB AC
10. (3) 5 AC Þ =
A Þ = AP AQ
2 3
15 AB AC
Þ 2AC = 5 × 3 Þ AC = Þ –1= –1
2 AP AQ
D E \ DC = AC – AD
AC – AQ
15 15 - 4 11 =
-2 = = AQ
=
2 2 2
B C AB QC
= 5.5 cm
Þ –1=
AP AQ
DADE = BDEC (Given) A
12. (4)
Þ D 2ADE = D ABC 12 QC
Þ –1=
DE || BC QC 2
\ DADE ~ DABC
12 x
DADE 1 AD2 Þ –1=
= = x 2
\ B C
DABC 2 AB2 (QC = x )

SME–1066
GEOMETRY

12 – x x 1 AB 30
Þ = = (19 + 22) = 20.5 cm Þ =
x 2 2 36 18
Þ x2 + 2x – 24 = 0 16. (4)
30 ´ 36
Þ x2 + 6x – 4x – 24 = 0 Þ AB =
A 18
Þ x (x + 6) – 4(x + 6) = 0
Þ (x – 4) (x + 6) = 0 = 60 cm.
Þ x = 4 because x ¹ –6 18. (4)
D E
A P L
14. (4) O

D E C
B
Q R M N
In D ADE and D ABC,
DPQR ~ DLMN
C ÐADE = ÐABC
B
ÐAED = ÐACB PQ QR
\ =
DE || BC \ D AED ~ D ABC LM MN
\ Ð ADE = Ð ABC
Ð AED = Ð ACB AD DE PQ QR
\ = Þ =
By AA – similarly, AB BC 3PQ 9
D ADE ~ D ABC
AD
=1 1
AB BC DB Þ QR = ´ 9 = 3 cm.
\ = 3
AD DE
DB 19. (3) DABC ~ DPQR
DB 4 Þ +1=2
AD
\ = AB BC AC
AD 5 \ = =
DB + AD PQ QR PR
DB 4 Þ =2
AD
Þ +1= +1 AB + BC + AC
AD 5 =
AB AD 1 PQ + QR + PR
DB + AD 4+5 Þ =2Þ =
AD AB 2
Þ = AB 36 AB 3
AD 5
DE 1 Þ = Þ =
PQ 24 10 2
AB 9 BC Þ =
Þ = = BC 2
AD 5 DE 3
Þ AB = × 10 = 15 cm.
DE 5
D ODE
=
1 FG IJ 2
1 2
\
BC
=
9
=5:9
\
D BOC 2 H K =
4 20. (3) If the corresponding sides of
two triangles be proportional, the
15. (3) D ODE 1
= triangles are similar.
\ = 1 : 12
D ABC 12 21. (4) DABC ~ DPQR
A
[ Q 3 D BOC = D ABC]
AB BC CA
17. (1) A D \ =
PQ QR
=
RP

F E AB + BC + CA
=
B CE F PQ + QR + RP

DABC ~ DDEF AB 60
Þ =
AB BC AC PQ 36
B C \ = =
DE EF DF
AB 60
FE||BC Þ =
AB + BC + CA 18 36
DAFE ~ DABC =
DE + EF + FA
1 60
AB 30 Þ AB = ´ 18 = 30 cm.
BC = (AB + AC) Þ = 36
2
DE 18

SME–1067
GEOMETRY
Diameter of circle = Diagonal of
TYPE-VI rectangle 2. (4) D
BC = 12 cm. CD = 5 cm. C
1. (1) D F C
\ BD = BC2 + CD2

G E = 122 + 52 = 144 + 25
Q E B
= 169 = 13 cm.
A H B BD
Using Pythagoras theorem, \ Radius of circle = BO =
2 A
O F G
QD2 + QB2 = QA2 + QC2
13
Þ QD2 + 16 = 9 + 25 = = 6.5 cm. OE = OF
Þ QD2 = 34 – 16 = 18 2
EF = x units
Þ QD = P 22 cm.
18 = 3 2 cm A

8 cm.
5. (2) E \ From DOEF,
2. (4)
2 OE2 = EF2
B
D Þ 2 × OE = EF = x
Q C R
QC = 16 cm. x
\ CR = 22 – 16 = 6 cm. Þ OE =
2
Let AB = 3x units
BC = 2x units
BC = BQ2 + QC2 BE = diagonal of square EFBC
3 = 2 2
2 + 16 =
Þ PB = x units 2 x
2 = 4 + 256
CP = PB2 + BC 2 = 260 cm. \ OB = OE2 + EB2
9x 2 AC = CR 2 + AR 2
=
4
+ 4x 2
= 62 + 82 =
FG x IJ + e
2
2x
2
j
25 x 2 5x = 100
36 + 64 =
H 2K
= = units
4 2 = 10 cm.
BD = DC x2
BC BE = EA = + 2x 2
\ sin Ð CPB = 2
CP 1
2x 4 \ DE || AC and DE = AC =
= = 2
5x 5 x 2 + 4x 2
10 =
2 = 5 cm. 2
Take AB = 6x and BC = 4x Þ BP = 2
3x Þ CP = 5x and
BC 4 x 4
TYPE-VII 5x 2 5x
= = = = units
sin ÐBPC = 2 2
CP 5x 5 1. (2)
3. (1) A D
A D
TYPE-VIII
1. (2) If the number of sides of reg-
O ular polygon be n, then
B C E
AB = CD (2n - 4)90° 360°
= ´3
BC = AD n n
AC = BD
Þ 2n – 4 = 4 × 3
It will be a rectangle and each B C
angle will be a right angle. Þ 2n = 12 + 4 = 16
4. (2) ÐABC = 90° \n=8
Þ ÐOBC = 45° [ Q ÐABC = 2ÐOBC] 2. (1) Let the exterior angle be x,
A D then interior angle will be 4x.
ÐOCB = 60°
\ x + 4x = 180°
O [ Q DBEC is equilateral]
[ Q Interior angle + Exterior
B C \ ÐBOC = 180° – 60° – 45° = 75° angle = 180°]

SME–1068
GEOMETRY

180 Þ 120x–48 – 120x + 60 = 4x [ Q Ratio of number of sides is 1 : 2]


Þx= = 36° Þ 4x = 12 Þ x = 3
5 (2n - 4) ´ 2 2
\ Number of sides Þ =
\ Interior angle = 4x 4n - 4 3
= 15 and 12
= 4 × 36° = 144°
7. (2) Let the number of sides of
Interior angle of a polygon 2n - 4 1
regular polygon be n. Þ =
2n - 4 4n - 4 3
= ´ 90° FG 2n - 4 IJ ´ 90° = 2 ´ 360 Þ 6n – 12 = 4n – 4
n
2n - 4
\ H n K n Þ 6n – 4n = 12 – 4 = 8
144° = ´ 90° Þ (2n – 4) = 8 Þ 2n = 8 Þ n = 4
n Þ 2n = 12 Þ n = 6
Þ 144°n = 180°n – 360° \ No. of sides = 4, 8
8. (3) Let the number of sides be 5x
Þ 180°n – 144n = 360° and 6x respectively. 360° 360°
Þ 36°n = 360° 12. (3) - = 6°
(2 ´ 5x - 4 ) ¸ 5x 24 n -1 n + 2
Then, =
360° (2 ´ 6 x - 4 ) ¸ 6 x
\n= = 10 25
F n + 2 - n + 1 I = 6°
36°
3. (3) Let the number of sides of
10x - 4 Þ 360° GH (n - 1)(n + 2)JK
5x 24
polygon be n. Then = Þ (n – 1) (n + 2) = 180°
12x - 4 25
\
b2n - 4g ´ 90° – 360 = 150 6x n2 + n – 2 = 180
n n2 + n – 182° = 0
n
LMEach interior angleOP n2 + 14n – 13n – 182 = 0
Þ
b2n - 4g ´ 3 - 12 =5 MM= (2n -n4) 90° PP n(n + 14) – 13 (n + 14) = 0
n n N Q (n + 14) (n – 13) = 0
n = 13, – 14 [ Q n ¹ –14]
6n - 12 - 12 5x - 2 6 24
Þ =5 Þ ´ = 13. (4) If the number of sides of reg-
n 5 6 x - 2 25 ular polygon be n, then
Þ 6n – 24 = 5n
Þ n = 24 Þ
5x - 2
=
6x - 2 5
4
b2n - 4g ´ 90° = 150°
4. (3) If the number of sides of the n
polygon be n, then Þ 25x – 10 = 24x – 8
Þ x = 10 – 8 = 2 Þ 3(2n – 4) = 5n
FG 2n - 4 IJ ´ 90° = 144° \ Number of sides = 10 and 12. Þ 6n – 12 = 5n Þ n = 12.
H n K 9. (2) Check through options 14. (1) If the number of sides of
Each interior angle regular polygon be n, then
(2n - 4 )5
Þ
n
=8 FG 2n - 4 IJ ´ 90° (2n – 4) × 90° = 1440°

Þ 10n – 20 = 8n
=
H n K Þ 2n – 4 =
1440
= 16
Þ 2n = 20 Þ n = 10 If measure of each angle = 105° 90
5. (2) Sum of the interior angles of a
regular polygon of n sides then,
b2n - 4g ´ 90° = 105° Þ 2n – 4 = 16
Þ 2n = 20
n
= (2n – 4) × 90° Þ (2n – 4) × 6 = 7n Þ n = 10
\ (2n – 4) × 90° = 1080° Þ 12n – 24 = 7n 15. (4) Sum of exterior angles of a
Þ 5n = 24 regular polygon = 360°
Þ 2n – 4 = 1080 ÷ 90 = 12
\ 2n = 12 + 4 = 16 24 360°
Þn= which is impossible. But = 7.2 ¹ a whole num-
Þn=8 5 50
6. (1) Let the number of sides be 5x 10. (4) Sum of interior angles ber.
and 4x respectively. = (2n – 4) × 90° 16. (2) Number of sides of regular
polygon = n (let)
(2 ´ 5x - 4)90° Sum of exterior angles = 360°
\ \ (2n – 4) × 90° = 360° × 2 Sum of interior angles
5x
Þ 2n – 4 = 2 × 360° ÷ 90 = 8 = (2n – 4) × 90°
(2 ´ 4 x - 4 ) ´ 90° Sum of exterior angles = 360°
– = 6° Þ 2n – 4=8 Þ 2n=12 Þ n = 6
4x 11. (3) Each interior angle \ (2n – 4) × 90° = 2 × 360°

LMEach interior angleOP =


(2n - 4) ´ 90°
Þ 2n – 4 =
2 ´ 360°
=8
MM= FGH 2n - 4 IJK ´ 90° PP n
Þ 2n – 4 = 8
90

N n Q (2n - 4) ´ 90° Þ 2n = 8 + 4 = 12
Þ (10x – 4) × 360° – (8x – 4) × n 2
\ = 12
450° = 20x × 6° ( 4n - 4) ´ 90° 3
Þn= =6
Þ(10x – 4)×12–(8x – 4)15 = 4x 2n 2

SME–1069
GEOMETRY
17. (3) If the number of sides of 21. (3) Number of sides of a regular (2n – 4) ´ 5 20
regular polygon be n, then polygon (n) Þ – =6
n n
Each interior angle 360
= = 18 Þ 10n – 20 – 20 = 6n
(2n - 4) ´ 90° 20 Þ 10n – 6n = 40
= \ Sum of all interior angles Þ 4n = 40 Þ n = 40 ÷ 4 = 10
n
= (2n – 4) × 90° 26. (4) Each interior angle of regular
360° = (2 × 18 – 4) × 90° polygon of n sides
and each exterior angle =
n = 32 × 90° = 2880°
22. (2) Let the number of sides of FG 2n – 4 IJ ´ 90°
\
(2n - 4)
´ 90° =
5 ´ 360° regular polygon be n.
=
H n K
n n \ Sum of all interior angles Here, n = 6
Þ (2n – 4) = 5 × 4 = (2n – 4) × 90° \ Required answer
Þ
Þ
2n – 4 = 20 Þ (2n – 4) × 90° = 1440°
Þ (2n – 4) = 1440° ÷ 90° = 16
FG 2 ´ 6 – 4 IJ ´ 90°
2n = 20 + 4 = 24
24 Þ 2n – 4 = 16
=
H 6 K
Þn= = 12. Þ 2n = 16 + 4 = 20 8
2 ´ 90° = 120°
Þ n = 20 ¸ 2 = 10 =
18. (1) An interior angle of a regular 6
23. (4) Number of sides of polygon
polygon 27. (2) Sum of all interior angles of a
= n (let).
regular polygon of n sides = (2n
(2n - 4 ) ´ 90° According to the question,
= – 4) right angles
n (2n - 4) ´ 90° 360° 3 \ 2n – 4 = 14
: =
Where n = number of sides n n 1 Þ 2n = 14 + 4 = 18
(2n - 4 ) 90° (2n - 4) ´ 90° 3 18
\ = 140 Þ = Þ n= =9
n 360° 1 2
Þ 9 (2n – 4) = 14n 2n – 4 3 28. (1) Required interior angle
Þ 18n – 36 = 14n Þ =
4 1 (2n – 4) ´ 90°
Þ 18n – 14n = 36 =
Þ 2n – 4 = 4 × 3 = 12 n
36 Þ 2n = 12 + 4 = 16
Þ 4n = 36 Þ n = =9 (2 ´ 8 – 4)
4 16 = × 90°
19. (3) Number of sides of regular Þn= =8 8
polygon = n 2
12 ´ 90°
(2n – 4) ´ 90° 360° 24. (2) R = = 135°
Q 8
\ – = 132° S
n n 29. (3) Number of diagonals
Þ 180n – 360 – 360 = 132n
Þ 180n – 132n = 720 =
b
n n –3 g
P T 2
Þ 48n = 720 O

Þn=
720
= 15 Þ 54 =
b
n n –3 g
48 2
20. (3) Number of sides of regular Sum of interior angl es of a Þ n(n – 3) = 108 = 12 × 9
polygon = n (let) pentagon Þ n (n – 3) = 12 ( 12 – 3)
According to question, = (2n – 4) × 90° Þ n = 12
= (2 × 5 – 4) × 90° = 540° 30. (4) Each interior angle of n –sid-
Exterior angle 1 If PQ = QR = RS = ST ed polygon
Interior angle = 17 \ ÐPOQ = ÐQOR = ÐROS
2n – 4
360 180° = right angles
= ÐSOT = = 45°. n
n 1 4 According to the question,
Þ =
(2n - 4) ´ 90 17 \ OP = OQ = OR = OS = OT 2´x – 4
n = radii
x 3
180° - 45° 135° 2 ´ 2x – 4 =
360 1 \ ÐOPQ = = 4
Þ = 2 2 2x
(2n - 4) ´ 90 17 \ ÐPQR + ÐRST 2x – 4 2x 3
4 1 = × =
135° x 4x – 4 4
Þ = = 4× = 270°.
2n - 4 17 2 4x – 8
Þ 2n – 4 = 4 × 17 25. (4) Let the number of sides of Þ =3
x –1
Þ 2n – 4 = 68 regular polygon be n. Þ 4x – 8 = 3x – 3
Þ 2n = 68 + 4 = 72 According to the question, Þ 4x – 3x = 8 – 3 Þ x = 5
72 (2n – 4) ´ 90° 360° \ Number of sides of polygons
Þn= = 36 – = 108 = 5 and 10.
2 n n

SME–1070
GEOMETRY
31. (1) Each interior angle of regu-
TYPE-X
lar polygon = G
F 2n – 4 IJ × 90° A D
H n K
where, n = number of sides
O
\ GH
F 2n – 4 IJ × 90° = 170° 1. (4) A D
n K

Þ
a 2n – 4f
× 9 = 17
n B
C
Þ 18n – 36 = 17n
Þ 18n – 17n = 36 1
B C \ ÐCAD = ÐCOD = 70°
Þ n = 36 2
\ ÐBAD = 70° + 40° = 110°
TYPE-IX ABCD is a cyclic parallelogram. \ ÐBCD = 180 ° – 110° = 70°
1. (2) \ ÐB + ÐD = 180° 6. (2) D
Þ 2 ÐB = 180° C
A D Þ ÐB = 90°

Q 2. (2) A D A B
O O
P
B C
Centroid is the point where medi-
ans intersect. Diagonals of paral- B C
lelogram bisect each other. ÐACB = 90°
1 (Angle of semi-circle)
OP = ´ 9 = 3 cm ÐCAB = 30°
3 ÐABC + ÐCDA = 180°
\ ÐCBA = 180°– 90° – 30° = 60°
1 Þ ÐCDA = 180° – 70° = 110° Again, ÐADC + ÐABC = 180°
OQ = ´ 9 = 3cm \ ÐBCD = 180° – 110° = 70°
3 \ ÐADC = 180° – 60° = 120°
\ PQ = 6cm 7. (1)
2. (2) AD || BC Þ AD || BQ 3. (4) E
D C D
C
A D
Q
A P
B
ÐADC = 70°
A B E B C ÐABC = 180° – 70° = 110°
Point B is the mid-point of AE.
Þ ÐPBC = 70°
\ Q is the mid-point of DE.
ÐBCD = 180° – 60° = 120°
In Ds DQC and BQE, ÐABC + ÐCDA = 180° Þ ÐPCB = 60°
Ð DQC = Ð BQE Þ ÐCDA = 180° – 72° = 108° \ ÐPBC + ÐPCB = 70° + 60°
Ð DCQ = Ð QBE AD || BC = 130°
Ð CDQ = Ð QEB ÐBCD = ÐADE = ÐABC = 72°
\ Both triangles D DQC and D 4. (3) 8. (3)
BQE are similar.
DQ CQ D C
\ = =1 :1
QE BQ
3. (1) P S
A E
B
ÐB + ÐD = 180°
Q ÐABC + ÐADC = 180° and ÐA + ÐC = 180°
R ÐCBE = 50° Þ ÐBAC = ÐBCA
ÐSPQ + ÐPQR = 180° \ ÐABC = 180° – 50° = 130° ÐDAC = ÐDCA
Þ 4 ÐPQR + ÐPQR = 180° \ ÐADC = 180° – 130° = 50° \ ÐDAB = ÐDCB = 90°
Þ 5 ÐPQR = 180° 5. (1) The angle subtended at the ÐDAC = q
180° centre by an arc is twice to that \ ÐADE = 90° – q = ÐCDE
Þ ÐPQR = = 36° of angle subtended at the circum- \ ÐABC = 180° – 2(90° – q)
5
\ ÐSRQ = 180° – 36° = 144° ference. = 180° – 180° + 2q = 2q

SME–1071
GEOMETRY
9. (2)
A D 14. (2) In DACD
ÐDAC = 55°
A
ÐACD = 90°
ÐD = 180° – 55° – 90° = 35°
P
\ ÐABC + ÐADC = 180°
Þ ÐABC = 180° – 35° = 145°
B C
\ AP . PC = BP. DP. (Theorem) B D A D
O 16. (2)
10. (1)
A x M 6–x B
P
x 6–x
C B C
Q N
The sum of opposite angles of a
concyclic quadrilateral is 180°.
ÐAPB = 64°
7–x Z ÐCBD = 28°
\ ÐA + C = 180°
D 7–x P Z C ÐCBD = ÐCAD = 28°
Þ 4x + 5y = 180° ...(i)
ÐAPD = 180° – 64° = 116°
We know tangents drawn to a cir-
cle from same external point are ÐB + ÐD = 180° \ ÐADB =180° – 116° – 28°
equal Þ AM = AQ = x (say) Þ 7x + y = 180° ...(ii) = 180° – 144° = 36°
\ MB = BN = 6 – x, QD = DP=7–x,
Let NC = PC = Z By equation (ii) × 5 – (i), 17. (4)
Now 7 – x + z = 5 (Consider side
DC) 35x + 5y = 900°
BC = 6 – x + z = (7 – x + z) – 1 4x + 5y = 180° A
=5–1=4 D
– – –
11. (2) The sum of opposite angles of
a concyclic quadrilateral is 180°.
12. (1) 31x = 720
D 720
x= P
C 31
From equation (ii),
B C
A 7x + y = 180°
B E
In concyclic quadrilateral ABCD, 720
ÐADC + ÐABC = 180° Þ 7´ + y = 180° Ð APB = 110° = Ð CPD
31
Þ 70° + Ð ABC = 180° \ Ð APD = 180° – 110° = 70°
\ Ð ABC = 180° – 70° = 110° 5040 = Ð BPC
\ ÐCBE = 180° – 110° = 70° Þ y = 180 –
31 \ Ð PCB = 180° – 70° – 30°
BC = BE = 80°
110 5580 - 5040 540
= = Angles subtended by same arcs
\ Ð BCE = Ð BEC = = 55° 31 31 at the circumference are equal.
2
Ð BAD = 95° 720 540 \ Ð ACB or Ð PCB = Ð ADB
\ Ð BAD + Ð BCD = 180° \x:y= : =4:3 = 80°
31 31
Þ Ð BCD = 180° – 95° = 85° 18. (4)
\ Ð DCE = Ð BCD + Ð BCE 15. (3)
A
= 85° + 55°= 140° B
B C
13. (4) P
D C
C
D
A B A D Clearly,
O
The sum of opposite angles of a AP × BP = PD × PC
concyclic quadrilateral Þ 8 × 6 = PD × 4
= 180° 8´6
Þ PD = = 12 cm.
\ ÐA + ÐC = ÐB + ÐD = 180° 4

SME–1072
GEOMETRY
19. (1) The sum of opposite angles of 23. (2)
a concyclic quadrilateral is 180°. D TYPE-XI
ÐA : ÐB : ÐC = 1 : 3 : 4 C 1. (1)
\ ÐA : ÐC = 1 : 4 P
1
ÐA = × 180° = 36°
C
5 D

4 A
ÐC = × 180° = 144° B A Q
5 The sum of two sides of a trian- B
\ ÐB = 3 × 36° = 108° gle is greater than the third side. AB = BC = CD = DA
\ AB + BC > AC [ABCD is a rhombus]
\ ÐD = 180° – 108º = 72°
BC + CD > BD
20. (4) In a concyclic quadrilateral 1 1 1
CD + AD > AC DP = AB = BC = CD
ABCD, DA + AB > BD 2 2 2
On adding, 1
ÐA + ÐC = 180° 2 (AB + BC + CD + DA) > 2 (AC + = DA
2
Þ 50° + ÐC = 180° BD)
In Ds APQ and BCQ,
Þ ÐC = 180° – 50° = 130° ÞAB+BC + CD + DA > (AC + BD)
24. (2) The sum of the opposite an- P = QCB ; A = QBC ; ÐQ = Q
Again, gles of a cyclic quadrilateral is \ D APQ and D BCQ are similar.
ÐB + ÐD = 180° 180°.
For a quadrilateral ABCD, AB + BQ AD + DP
Þ 80° + ÐD = 180° \ =
ÐA = x°; ÐB = 4x°; ÐC = 5x° BQ BC
Þ ÐD = 180° – 80° = 100° \ x + 5x = 180° Þ 6x = 180°
3
21. (1) Three angles of quadrilateral 180° AB
BC
3
Þ x=
6
= 30° Þ +1 = 2 =
= x°, 2x° and 3x° BQ BC 2
\ ÐB + ÐD = 180°
\ Fourth angle = x + 2x + 3x Þ 4 × 30° + ÐD = 180° AB 3 1
Þ = -1 =
= 6x° Þ ÐD = 180° – 120° = 60° BQ 2 2
\ x + 2x + 3x + 6x = 360° 25. (2)
D BQ 2
Þ 12x = 360° Þ =
C AB 1
360 Þ2:1
Þx= = 30° 2. (2)
12
X
= Smallest angle A B

The sum of opposite angles of a


C cyclic quadrilateral is 180°.
22. (1)
B ÐCBX = 82°
D
\ ÐABC = 180° – 82° = 98°
\ ÐADC + ÐABC = 180°
Þ ÐADC = 180° – 98° = 82°
O ÐADB = 47°
\ ÐBDC = 82° – 47° = 35°
OB2 + OC2 = BC2 U|
OC + OD = CD |
2 2 2
A 26. (3) D C
OD2 + OA 2 = AD2 |
VPythagoras theorem
E
OA 2 + OB2 = AB2 |W
|
The sum of opposite angles of a A B
concyclic quadrilateral is 180°. \ 2 (OB2 + OA2 + OD2 + OC2)
\ ÐBCD + ÐBAD = 180° = AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2
Þ 120° + ÐBAD = 180° Þ 2(AB2 + CD2)
The angle in a semi-circle is right
Þ ÐBAD = 180° – 120° = 60° = AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2
angle.
The angle in a semi-circle is a \ ÐADB = ÐACB = 90° Þ AB2 + CD2 = BC2 + DA2
right angle. ÐDBC = 35° 3. (3) 4x + 5x = 180°
\ ÐBDA = 90° \ ÐCEB = 90° – 35° = 55° Þ 9x = 180°
\ In DABD, \ ÐCEB = ÐAED = 55° Þ x = 20°
\ ÐABD = 90° – 60° = 30° (Opposite angles) \ ÐC = 4x = 80°

SME–1073
GEOMETRY
A 7. (4) 10. (1) A D
4. (4) D
D C
O

O 75°
90°
60° B C
B C
4 cm
From DBOC, A B ABCD is a concyclic quadrilater-
ÐA + ÐB + ÐC + ÐD = 360° al.
BO
cos 60° = Þ ÐA + ÐB + 70° + 130° = 360° AD || BC
4 \ ÐDAB + ÐABC = 180°
Þ ÐA + ÐB = 360° – 70° – 130° =
1 160° Þ ÐDAB = 180° – 75° = 105°
Þ BO = ´4
2 In DAOB, Sum of the opposite of a concyc-
= 2 cm ÐOAB + ÐOBA + ÐAOB = 180° lic quadrilateral = 180°
\ BD = 2 × 2 = 4 cm ÐA ÐB \ ÐBAD + ÐBCD = 180°
5. (2) We know that diagonals of a Þ + + ÐAOB = 180° Þ 105° + ÐBCD = 180°
rhombus are perpendicular bi- 2 2
Þ ÐBCD = 180° – 105° = 75°
sector of each other.
Þ
1
2
a f
ÐA + ÐB + ÐAOB = 180° 11. (1) C

1
Þ ´ 160° + ÐAOB = 180° D 0
2
Þ ÐAOB = 180° – 80° = 100° B
8. (4)
A
A D ÐABC = 60°
AB = BC
\ OA = OC; OB = OD
\ ÐBAC = ÐBCA = 60°
ÐAOD = ÐCOD = 90° O
\ DABC is an equilateral trian-
ÐAOB = ÐCOB = 90° gle.
In DBDE, OA || DE 12. (2)
B C
Þ OC || DG P Q
In DCFA, AO × BO = OD × OC
OB || CF Þ 3 (3x – 19) = (x – 5) (x – 3)
Þ 9x – 57 = x2 – 8x + 15 A B
Þ OD || GC O
In quadrilateral DOCG Þ x2 – 17x + 72 = 0
OC || DG and Þ x2 – 9x – 8x + 72 = 0
Þ OD || GC Þ x (x – 9) – 8 (x – 9) = 0
\ DOCG is a parallelogram. Þ (x – 8) (x – 9) = 0 ÐPAB = ÐABQ
Þ x = 8 or 9 \ PQ || AB
\ ÐDGC = ÐDOC
Þ ÐDGC = 90° 9. (2) S 13. (3)
EG ^ GF or ED ^ CF
A D
6. (4) A D

O
R
P
B C
Clearly, C
DAOD ~ DBOC B
BO OD Q
\ = The sum of the opposite angles
OC OA In the rhombus PQRS, of a concyclic quadrilateral is
3x - 19 x - 5 PQ = QR = RS = SP 180°.
Þ = ÐSPQ = 50° \ ÐABC + ÐADC = 180°
x -3 3
Þ 9x – 57 = x2 – 8x + 15 180°-50° Þ 70° + ÐADC = 180°
Þ x2 – 17x + 72 = 0 \ ÐPSQ = ÐPQS = Þ ÐADC = 180° – 70° = 110°
2
Þ x2 – 8x – 9x + 72 = 0 Q AD || BC
130°
Þ x (x – 8) – 9 (x – 8) = 0 = = 65° \ ÐADC + ÐBCD = 180°
Þ (x – 8) (x – 9) = 0 2
ÐPSR = 180° – 50° = 130° Þ 110° + ÐBCD = 180°
Þ x = 8 or 9
ÐRSQ = 130° – 65° = 65° Þ ÐBCD = 180° – 110° = 70°.

SME–1074
GEOMETRY

17. (2) D C 5. (1)


A D
14. (1)
O
A B
E
In an isosceles trapezium, A B
AB || CD ; AD = BC C F D
B C AC = BD
Let OE = x cm
The angles of base are equal. i.e.
then OF = (x +1) cm
ÐA = ÐB ; ÐC = ÐD ; ÐA + ÐD =
AD || BC OA = OC = r cm
ÐB + ÐC
In concyclic quadrilateral ABCD, AE = 4 cm; CF = 3 cm
= 180°
ÐA + ÐC = 180° From DOAE,
Þ 105° + ÐC = 180° TYPE-XII OA2 = AE2 + OE2
Þ ÐC = 180° – 105° = 75° Þ r2 = 16 + x2
Again, A Þ x2 = r2 – 16 ......(i)
ÐA + ÐB = 180° From DOCF,
1. (2) (x + 1)2 = r2 – 9 ..... (ii)
Þ 105° + ÐB = 180°
By equation (ii) – (i),
Þ ÐB = 180° – 105° = 75° O O'
C (x + 1)2 – x2 = r2 – 9 – r2 + 16
\ ÐD = 180° – 75° = 105° Þ 2x + 1 = 7 Þ x = 3cm
15. (4) D C \ From equation (i),
B 9 = r2 – 16 Þ r2 = 25
M OC = 2cm Þ r = 5 cm
N
OA = 4cm
\ AC = 42 - 22 = 16 - 4 6. (4) C
A B
The line segment joining the mid– = 12 = 2 3 6
points of the diagonals of a tra-
pezium is parallel to each of par-
\ AB = 4 3 cm
2. (2) The largest chord of a circle A 8 B
allel sides and is equal to half the
difference of these sides. is its diameter.
Ð BAC = 90°
3. (2) As, BC is the diameter of the
1
\ MN = (AB – CD) circle.
2
\ BC = AB2 + AC2
1 O
= (8 – 4) cm. = 2 cm.
2 = 82 + 6 2 = 64 + 36
16. (3) A B
C = 100 = 10 cm
A D AC = CB = 4 cm \ Radius of the circle = 5 cm
OC = 3 cm 7. (1) C A
\ OA = OC + CA2 2

= 32 + 42 Q
O P
B E F C = 9 + 16 = 25 = 5 cm
AE ^ BC; DF ^ BC
4. (1) C
\ ÐDCB = 45° D B
In DCDF,
AB = CD
DF O OP = OQ
sin45° = From D OAP,
DC

1 DF
A B OP = OA 2 - AP2 = 52 - 4 2
Þ =
2 10 = 25 - 16
AO = OB = AB
Þ ÐAOB = 60° = 9 = 3cm.
10
Þ DF = = 5 2 metre [ Q DAOB is equilateral]
2 \ QP = 2 × OP = 6 cm.
\ ÐACB = 30°

SME–1075
GEOMETRY
12. (1) 15. (1)
8. (2) A C
A
A
D
O O'
C E F
O O¢ O
B
B
OD = 152 - 122 AB = 16 cm
B D
= 225 - 144 AC = BC = 8 cm
OC = CO¢ = 6 cm OE ^ AB and OF ^ CD
= 81 = 9 AE = EB = 5 cm
\ OA = OC2 + CA 2
O¢D = CF = FD = 12 cm
132 - 122
AO = OC = 13 cm
= 169 - 144 = 25 = 5
= 62 + 8 2 = 36 + 64 From D AOE,
\ OO¢ = 9 + 5 = 14 cm = 100 = 10 cm OE = 132 - 52 = 169 - 25
p
9. (2) q = 72° = 72 ´ radians =
180 B 144 = 12 cm
6 cm
From D COF,
2p A
= radians 13. (2)
5 P OF = 132 - 122 = 25 = 5 cm
l C 3 cm D \ EF = OE + OF = 17 cm
\q= 16. (3)
r
l ® length of arc AB = 6 cm; CD = 3 cm A D

2p PD = 5 cm; PB = ?
Þ l = q.r = ´ 21
5 PA × PB = PC × PD
E O F
2 22 Þ (PB – 6) PB = 2 × 5
= ´ ´ 21
5 7 Þ PB2 – 6PB – 10 = 0
132 6 ± 36 + 40 B C
= = 26.4 cm. Þ PB =
5 2 AB = 10 cm, AE = 5 cm
10. (2) One and only circle can pass
through three non-collinear Let OE = x
6 ± 76
points. = CD = 24 cm, DF = 12 cm
2 OF = 17 – x
11. (2) A C OA = OD
6 + 8.7
= = 7.35 Þ 52 + x2 = 122 + (17 – x)2
2
Þ 25 + x2 = 144 + 289 – 34x + x2
E F C Þ 34x = 408
O 14. (1)
408
Þx= = 12
O 34
A
B D B \ OA = 52 + 122 = 13 cm
AB = 24 cm 17. (3) A
Þ AE = EB = 12 cm P

OE = OA 2 - AE2
Y X C
= 152 - 122 O

= 225 - 144 = 81 ÐACB = 65°


= 9 cm ÐAOB = 2 × 65° = 130°
\ OF = 21 – 9 = 12 cm
ÐOAP = 90°; ÐAOP = 65° B
2 2 \ ÐAPO = 180° – 90° – 65°
Also, CF = 15 - 12 = 9 cm OC =
= 25° 3 -1
\ CD = 2 × 9 = 18 cm

SME–1076
GEOMETRY

OA = Þ ÐBCD = 180° – 65° = 115° 24. (2)


3 +1 Þ Ext. ÐBQD = 2 × 115° = 230°
A D
2 2 \ ÐBQD = 360° – 230° = 130°
AC = e 3 +1 j -e 3 -1 j 21. (1)

A
= 4
4 3 =2 3

\ AB = 2AC = 4. 4 3 cm C
O O¢ B C
18. (4)
A
30 40 BD = 2 units
B
AB = 2 units
B C D AC = 4 cm
Area of square = 2 square units
OA = 5 cm
Area of four semicircles
E OC = 52 - 4 2 = 3 cm pr 2
OO¢ = 2 × 3 = 6 cm = 4´
BC = x Þ CD = 50 – x 2
AC 2 = 302 – x2 = 402 – (50 – x)2 22. (3)
1
Þ 900 – x2 = 1600 – 2500 + 4´p´
100x – x2 = 2
Þ 100x = 1800 2
= p sq. units
Þ x = 18
\ Required area
\ AC = 302 - 182 = 48 ´ 12 = 2 + p – p = 2 sq. units.
= 24 25. (4) D
\ AE = 2 × 24 = 48 cm
19. (1) C
BC = DO = OA
C A
ÐDAB = 90° B O¢ O
G O ÐDOA = 2 × ÐDCA
A B or 2 ÐBCD = 40°
E F
23. (2) A
C E
D O¢A = 3 cm
AE = 2 cm OA = 2 cm
EB = 6 cm E F CA = 6 cm
O O¢D = 3 cm
ED = 3 cm
O¢B = 1 cm
\ AE × EB = DE × EC
D
2´6 B BD = 32 - 1 = 2 2
Þ EC = = 4 cm
3 AE = 15 cm [ Q AB = 30 cm] \ DE = 4 2 cm
\ Diameter OA = 17 cm
26. (2)
= 7 2 + 42 = 49 + 16 \ OE = 17 2 - 152
o r r2 o¢
= 65 cm 1

20. (2) = b17 + 15gb17 - 15g


OO¢ = 7 cm
= 32 ´ 2 = 8 cm Þ r1 + r2 = 7
B Þ 4 + r2 = 7
Again, CF = 8 cm
P Þ r2 = 7 – 4 = 3 cm
OC = 17 cm
Q 27. (2) B
\ OF = = 17 2 - 8 2
A
C
D
= b17 + 8gb17 - 8g A
O
11

130° = 25 ´ 9 = 15 cm
0

\ ÐBCA = = 65° \ Distance between chords


2
[ Q ÐAPB = 130°] = EF = 15 – 8 = 7 cm C

SME–1077
GEOMETRY
[ Q BOC is not a straight line] AC
30. (4)
ÐAOB = 90° ; OA = OB = r A Þ sin30° =
5cm r
\ ÐBAO = ÐABO = 45°
\ ÐAOC = 110° ; OA = OC = r 1 AC
Þ =
70 2 r
\ ÐOAC = ÐOCA = = 35°
C
2 O 3cm r
\ ÐBAC = 45° + 35° = 80° Þ AC =
2
28. (4) P r
B Þ AB = 2 ´ = r units
2
\ Required ratio = 1 : 1
OC = 3 cm
A B OA = 5 cm
N Second Method
AC = 52 - 32 = 4 OA = OB
\ AB = 2 AC = 8 cm \ ÐOAB = ÐOBA = 60°
\ DOAB is an equilateral triangle.
AB = 14 cm, PB = 12 cm 31. (1)
ÐAPB = 90° \ OA = OB = AB
(angle in the semi circle) 34. (3) C
O
A B
\ AP = 142 - 122
A B
= (14 + 12) (14 - 12) C E D
= 26 ´ 2 = 52 OC = radius = 10 cm
Let AN = x Þ NB = 14 – x CE = ED = 6 cm D
In D APN, PN2 = AP2 – AN2 In D ABD,
\ OE = OC2 - CE 2
= 52 – x2 ...(i) AD = BD = AB = radius
In DPNB, PN2 = PB2 – NB2 = 122 In D ACB,
= 102 - 62 = 100 - 36
– (14 – x)2 ...(ii)
AC = CB = AB = radius
From (i) and (ii) = 64 = 8 cm
52 – x2 = 144 – (14 – x)2 \ ÐDBC = 60° + 60° = 120°
35. (1)
52 – x2 = 144 – (196 + x2 – 28 x) 32. (2)
Þ 52 – x2 = 144 –196 – x2 + 28 x B
52 = – 52 + 28 x O
104 26
Þ 28 x = 104 Þ x = = A
28 7
NB = 14 – x O
C
26 72 10 2 A B
= 14 – = = cm
7 7 7 OA = OB = AB
\ DOAB is an equilateral triangle. Ð ABC = 90°
29. (4)
D ABC is a right angled triangle
Hence, ÐAOB = 60°
and ‘O’ is the circumcentre.
33. (2)
36. (2)

A D O B C
E

B C A C B

Given, ÐBEC = 130° A


OA = OB = r units
Þ ÐDEC = 180° – 130° = 50°
ÐAOC = 30°; AC = CB
\ ÐEDC = 180° – 50° – 20°
In D AOC,
= 110° Radius of each circle = r units
\ ÐBAC = ÐEDC = 110° AC \ AB = BC = CA = 2r units
sin AOC =
(Angles on the same arc) OA Hence, ABC is an equilateral
triangle.

SME–1078
GEOMETRY
37. (3) In Ds OAB and OCA, a
OC = OA = OB = radii AE =
A 2
2 Ð OAB + Ð AOB = 180°
2 Ð OAC + Ð AOC = 180° AE
\ cos60° =
O \ Ð AOB + Ð AOC OA
= 360° – 2 (Ð OAB + Ð OAC)
a
= 360° – 2 × 90° = 180°
P B AB = AC Þ1 = 2
\ Ð AOB = 90° 2 r
ÐAPB = 90° Ð OAB = 45° 1 a
Þ = Þa=r ...(ii)
AB = Diameter = hypotenuse of OB 2 2r
D APB \ sin OAB =
AB From equations (i) and (ii),
The angle of a semi-circle is a
OB b2 = 2a2
right angle.
38. (2)
Þ sin 45° = Þb=
5 2 2a
43. (4)
Þ OB = 5 2 . sin 45°
1
O =5 2× 2
= 5 cm.
D
A M B 41. (4)
O
B
AB = 20 cm. O
AM = MB = 10 cm. P
Y
OM = 2 11 cm.
M A
\ Radius OA = OM 2 + AM 2 N
In D ONY, ON = OY = radii C
= (2 11 )2 + 102 ÐONY = 50° = ÐOYN
= \ ÐNOY = 180° – 2 × 50° = 80° ÐAOD = 100°
4 ´ 11 + 100 = 44 + 100
In D OMY, 100
= 144 = 12 cm. \ ÐACD = ÐACP = = 50°
OM = OY = radii 2
39. (4)
\ ÐOMY = ÐOYN = 15° (The angle subtended at the
A centre is twice to that of angle at
\ ÐMOY = 180° – 2 × 15° = 150°
the circumference by the same
\ ÐMON = 150° – 80° = 70° arc)
F E 42. (1)
O Again, ÐBOC = 70°
70
\ ÐBAC = = 35° = ÐPAC
B D C 2
\ ÐAPC = 180° – 50° – 35° = 95°
OA = OB = OC
= Circum – radius O 44. (2) A
In D ABC,
Ð A = 180° – 70° – 40°
B E D
= 180° – 110° = 70° C D
The angle subtended by an arc O
at the centre is twice to that at A B
the circumference. E
\ Ð BOC = 2 Ð BAC
Radius of circle = r units
= 2 × 70 = 140°
40. (2) In D OCD, ÐCOD = 90° C
\ CD2 = OC2 + OD2 OA = OB = radii
C Þ b2 = r2 + r2 = 2r2 ...(i) ÐOAB = ÐOBA = 25°
O In D OAB, \ ÐAOB = 180° – 50° = 130°
OE ^ AB 130°
A \ ÐBCA = = 65°
ÐOAB = 60° 2
B \ ÐEBC = 90° – 65° = 25°

SME–1079
GEOMETRY
45. (3) \ Required distance = EF
Q O r2 3r 2 3r = OF – OE
R = r2 - = =
4 4 2 = 8 – 6 = 2 cm

P 3r 51. (3)
\ AB = 2OA = 2 ´
2
A
OQ = OP = OR = 3r units
(Tangents drawn from the same D
external point) 49. (4) P
\ Ð QPO = Ð PQO = Ð OPR E
C
= Ð PRO = 45° because Ð POQ B
= Ð POR = 90°
By theorem,
\ Ð QPR = 45° + 45° = 90° A B
E CE × ED = AE × EB
46. (3) C Þ 3 DE × DE = 9 × 12
D A
9 ´ 12
Þ DE2 = = 36
3
Q
E B Þ DE = 36 = 6 cm.
In DPBE,
F
PB = 5 cm B
Clearly, CD = EF = = 4.5 cm. 52. (2) C
BE = 1 cm
47. (1) PE = PB2 - BE 2
A D
A = 25 - 1 = 24 = 2 6 cm
C2 \ PQ = 2PE = 4 6 cm O
C

C1 P Angle subtended by an arc at the


centre is twice to that subtended
O at the circumference.
E \ Ð ABC=Ð ADC = 130° ÷ 2 = 65°
D 50. (2) A B
53. (4) P
Q
C F D
B
O
R S
ÐBDC = 120° OA = OC = radius = 10 cm OP × OQ = OS × OR
\ ÐCDP = 180° – 120° = 60° AB = 16 cm Þ (6 + 8) × 8 = 7 × OR
CD || AB
CD = 12 cm 14 ´ 8
\ ÐABP = 60° = ÐCDP Þ OR = = 16 cm.
In DOAE, 7
48. (2) A ÐOEA = 90° \ RS = OR – OS
\ AE = EB = 8 cm = 16 – 7 = 9 cm.

\ OE = OA 2 - AE 2 54. (2)
C D A
O
= 102 - 82 = 100 - 64
= 36 = 6 cm
B In DOFC, B C
D
r ÐOFC = 90°
CO = OD = units \ CF = FD = 6 cm
2 ABC will be an equilateral trian-
AC = r units gle whose each side = 12 cm.
\ OF = 2
OC - OF 2
In DAOC, AD ^ BC
= 102 - 62 = 100 - 36 \ BD = DC = 6 cm.
OA = AC2 - OC2 AD ^ BC
= 64 = 8 cm

SME–1080
GEOMETRY

\ AD = AB2 – BD2 \ 2
x 2 + 122 = (17 – x ) + 5
2
57. (2)
Þ x2 + 144 = 289 – 34x + x2 +
= 122 – 62 25
O Þ 34x = 289 + 25 – 144 = 170
= b12 + 6gb12 - 6g 170
Þx= =5
34
= 18 ´ 6 = 6 3 cm.
A B \ From equation (i),
F
A
C E D OD = x 2 + 122 = 52 + 144
= 169 = 13 cm.
55. (3) OA = OB = OC = OD = radius(r)
O C O' 59. (3)
ÐOAB = 90°; AB = b, CD = a
From DOAB,
B OA2 + OB2 = AB2
AB = 12 cm Þ r2 + r2 = b2 Þ 2r2 = b2 O r1 r2 O' O O'
AC = BC = 6 cm 2
b
OA = 10 cm Þ r2 = d = r1 + r2
2 d = r 1 – r2
From DAOC,
b 60. (4) C
\ OC = OA 2 - AC2 Þr= ......(i)
2
= 102 - 62 = 100 – 36 In DOCD,
A B
ÐCOD = 60° ; O
= 64 = 8 cm \ ÐOCD = ÐODC = 60°
Again, in DACO', \ OC = CD
D
AO' = 8 cm Þr=a ......(ii)
From equations (i) and (ii), AB
\ O'C = 82 - 62 OA = OB = OC =
b 2
=aÞb= 2 a
= 64 - 36 = 28 = 5.3 cm 2 \ AC =
58. (1)
OA 2 + OC2
\ OO' = OC + CO'
= 8 + 5.3 = 13.3 cm
A D FG AB IJ + FG AB IJ
2 2

56. (2) A
=
H 2K H 2K
AB2 + AB2 AB 2 AB
F E = = =
O 4 2 2
O 61. (1)
B
C P
M
P Q AB = 10 cm. A B
\ AF = FB = 5 cm. O
B CD = 24 cm.
\ CE = DE = 12 cm.
PQ = 18 cm Let OE = x cm ÐAOB = 180°
PM = MQ = 9 cm \ OF = (17 – x) cm ÐAOP = 120°
OP = OB = r cm From D ODE, \ÐPOB = 180° – 120° = 60°
OP = OB = radii
MB = 3 cm
From DOPM,
OD = OE2 + DE2 120°
\ ÐOPB = ÐPBO = = 60°
OP2 = PM2 + OM2 2
= x 2 + 122 ..... (i) 62. (2)
Þ r2 = 92 + (r – 3)2
From D OAF,
Þ r2 = 81 + r2 – 6r + 9
Þ 81 – 6r + 9 = 0 OA = OF 2 + AF 2 O
Þ 6r = 90
= 2 2 ..... (ii)
Þ r = 15 cm (17 – x ) + 5
A B
\ AB = 30 cm Q OA = OD M

SME–1081
GEOMETRY
AB = 8 cm OA = OB = radius
AM = MB = 4 cm \ Ð OAB = Ð OBA = 45°
OF = AO2 – AF 2
OA = 5 cm OC ^ AB = 252 – 202
\ OM = OA – AM 2 2 5 2
2 2
\ AC = CB =
2
cm. = b25 + 20gb25 – 20g
= 5 –4
AC = 45 ´ 5 = 5´3´3´5
= 25 – 16 = 9 = 3 cm \ cos OAC =
OA = 15 cm.
63. (2)
5 2 In D COE,
P Þ OA cos 45° =
2 OE = OC2 – CE2
OA 5 2
A B
Þ
2
= = 252 – 24 2
O 2

5 2´ 2 = b25 + 24gb25 – 24g


Þ OA = = 5 cm.
2 = 49 = 7 cm.
ÐAOB = 180° 66. (3)
Ð POA = 120° \ Required distance
\ Ð POB = 180° – 120° = 60° = EF = OE + OF = (7 + 15) cm
In D OPB, = 22 cm.
OP = OB = radius
Case II
\ ÐOPB = ÐPBO = 60° O
C
64. (3) A
A C B

r
AC = CB O
q OC = 16 cm. E F
OA = 20 cm.

\ AC = OA 2 – OC2 B
l D

l l1 r2 = 202 – 16 2 When the chords lie on the same


q= ; =2; r =3 side of centre
r l2 1 = 400 – 256
AF = 20 cm.
q1 l1r2 = 144 = 12 cm.
\ q = l r =2×3=6 CE = 24 cm.
2 21 \ AB = 2 AC = 24 cm.
OC = OA = 25 cm.
30° 67. (4)
In D OAF
Þ q =6 A
2 C
OF = OA 2 – AF 2
30°
Þ q2 = = 5°
6 F E = 252 – 202
O
l q1 =
[q (radian) = . Here, q is a 625 – 400
r 2
B D =
ratio.] 225 = 15 cm.
65. (2) Case I, In D OCE,
When chords lie on both sides of
centre. OE = OC2 – CE2 = 252 – 24 2
AB = 40 cm.
CD = 48 cm.
= (25 + 24)(25 - 24)
O
CE = DE = 24 cm. = 49 = 7 cm.
90 AF = BF = 20 cm.
\ Required distance
A B OA = OC = 25 cm.
C = EF = OF – OE = 15 – 7
In D AOF,
= 8 cm.

SME–1082
GEOMETRY

68. (3) 2p 73. (2)


Þ ÐPAQ = 120° = ÐPOQ =
3
O
2p
l 3 =1 O
Again, radius (r) = =
A B q 2p
3
According to the question, A B
\ From D OPB P
OA = AB = OB
\ DOAB is an equilateral trian- OP = 1 unit C
gle.
\ ÐAOB = 60° ÐPOB = 60° OC ^ AB
Q 180° = p radian PB \ AP = PB = 3 cm
\ sin 60° = PC = 2 cm
p p OP
\ 60° = × 60 = radian If OA = OC = r cm
180 3
3 then, OP = (r – 2) cm.
Þ PB =
2 From D OAP,
69. (1) OA 2 = AP2 + OP2
3 Þ r2 = 32 + (r – 2)2
\ PQ = 2 ´ = 3 unit
2 Þ r2 – (r – 2)2 = 9
O 71. (2) Þ r2 – r2 + 4r – 4 = 9
13
Þ 4r = 13 Þ r = cm.
140° O 4
A
C \ Diameter of circle
A C B 13 13
B = 2´ = cm = 6.5 cm.
4 2
Angle subtended by arc AC at the
centre = Reflex angle AOC = 360° OA = radius = 10 cm. 74. (2)
– 140° = 220° AB = chord = 16 cm.
\ ÐABC = Angle at the circum- OC ^ AB A
220 O O'
ference = = 110° \ AC = CB = 8 cm.
2
\ OC = OA 2 – AC2
70. (2)
OA = 6 cm.
= 102 – 82 = 100 – 64
OO' = 2 cm.
O = 36 = 6 cm. \ O'A = OA – OO'
72. (3) The angle at the semi-circle = 6 – 2 = 4 cm.

P Q is right angle.
B 75. (3)
C
A O
PQ is perpendicular bisector of
OA. A B A B
O C
\ OP = OQ = PA = AQ
\ OPAQ is a rhombus. AB = chord = 16 cm.
\ 2 Ð PAQ = Reflex ÐPOQ D OC ^ AB
(The angle sutended at the centre \ AC = CB = 8 cm.
The angle subtended at the cen-
by an arc is twice to that at the tre by an are is double to that at OC = 15 cm.
circumference) \ OA =
the circumference. OC2 + CA 2
Þ 2 Ð PAQ = 360° – ÐPOQ For are ADB
= 152 + 82
Þ 3 Ð PAQ = 360° ÐAOB = 180°
\ ÐACB = 90° = 225 + 64 = 289 = 17 cm.
( Q ÐPAQ = ÐPOQ)

SME–1083
GEOMETRY
80. (3) OC = 5 cm.
76. (2) OC ^ AB
P
\ AC = CB
OA = 13 cm.
O In DOAC,
A B
C
D
AC = OA 2 - OC2
C D = 132 - 52
ÐBOC = 120° = 169 - 25
A B
\ ÐAOC = 180° – 120° = 60° O
= 144 = 12 cm.
Angle subtended at the centre by
arc AC = 60° \ AB = 2 AC = 2 × 12 = 24 cm.
\ Angle subtended at the cir- 83. (3)
cumference by arc AC = ÐADC = A
In DOCD,
60° OC = OD = CD = radius
= 30°
2 \ DOCD is an equilateral trian-
gle. C
77. (1) \ ÐCOD = 60° O

O 1
B ÐCBD = ÐCOD = 30°
P 2
B
ÐACB is an angle of semi-circle.
D Q \ ÐACB = 90° According to the question,
A \ ÐBCP = 180° – ÐACB OC = radius of smaller circle
AD × DB = PD × DQ = 180° – 90° = 90° = 8 cm.
Þ 4 × 6 = PD × 3 In DBCP, OA = radius of larger circle
4´6 ÐBCP = 90°, ÐCBP = ÐCBD = 17 cm.
Þ PD = = 8 cm. = 30° AB = chord of larger circle
3 \ ÐBCP + ÐCBP + ÐCPB
\ PQ = PD + DQ OC ^ AB
= 180°
= (8 + 3) cm. = 11 cm. \ AC = CB
Þ 90° + 30° + ÐCPB = 180°
From D OAC,
Þ ÐCPB = 60° = ÐAPB
78. (3) 81. (3) AC = OA 2 - OC2 = 172 - 82

O O'
A = b17 + 8gb17 - 8g
O = 25 ´ 9
= 5 × 3 = 15 cm.
Radius of other circle A D \ AB = 2AC = 30 cm.
= 6 – 2 = 4 cm. P
84. (2)
79. (3) P B A
C
Arc AC subtends ÐAOC at the 30°
A B B C
O X centre and ÐABC at the circum- O
ference.
Similarly,
Q ÐBOD = 2ÐBCD
\ ÐAOC + ÐBOD
AX 3 The angle of a semi–circle is right
= = 2 (ÐABC + ÐBCD)
BX 2 angle.
= 2 ÐAPC = 2 × 40° = 80°
3 \ ÐBAC = 90°
\ AX = × 10 = 6 cm. 82. (2) \ ÐACB = 90° – ÐABC
5 = 90° – 30° = 60°
2
BX = × 10 = 4 cm. l
5 85. (1) q = where q is in radian
O r
\ AX × XB = PX2 measure.
Þ PX2 = 6 × 4
l1 l2
Þ PX = 6 ´ 4 = 2 6 A B \ q1 = r ; q2 = r
C
1 2
\ PQ = 2PX = 4 6 cm.

SME–1084
GEOMETRY

q1 l1r2 89. (4) P 4


Þ q = rl \ PR = RQ = = 2 cm
2 12 2
q1 5 O OR = 2 cm
Þ = (Q r1 = r2) R In DOPR,
45° 3
5 OP = PR 2 + RO2
Þ q1 = × 45° = 75°
3 Q = 22 + 22 = 4+4
(Q Here ratio is given. Hence, q
In DPQR,
is not taken in radian.) = 8 = 2 2 cm
ÐPQR = 40°; ÐQRP = 60°
86. (4) \ ÐQPR = 180° – 60° – 40° \ Diameter
= 80° = 2 × 2 2 = 4 2 cm
\ Angle subtended at the cir-
cumference by arc QR = 80°
\ Angle subtended at the cen- 94. (2)
O tre by arc QR = ÐQOR = 2ÐQPR
= 2 × 80° = 160° O

A B 90. (1)
C
O A C B

AB = Length of chord = 12 cm. A C B OC ^ AB


OC ^ AB
39
\ AC = CB = 6 cm. OC ^ AB \ AC = CB = = 19.5 cm
OC = 8 cm. \ AC = CB 2
In DOAC, OA = 13 cm., OC = 12 cm. OC = 10.4 cm
In DOAC, \ Radius of circle = OA
OA = OC2 + CA 2
AC = OA 2 – OC2 = OC2 + CA 2
= 82 + 62
=
= 132 – 122 = (10.4)2 + (19.5)2
64 + 36 = 100 = 10 cm.
\ Diametre of circle = 2 × OA = a13 + 12fa13 – 12f =
25
= 108.16 + 380.25
= 2 × 10 = 20 cm. = 5 cm.
\ AB = 2 AC = 10 cm. = 488.41 = 22.1 cm
87. (2) 91. (1) One and only one circle can
pass through three non-collinear 95. (3)
O points.

92. (2) A
A C B

OA = radius = 5 cm. B C
D
OC ^ AB
8 BC = 10 cm
\ AC = CB = = 4 cm. AD ^ BC
2
In right angle DOAC, \ BD = DC = 5 cm
ÐBAC = 120°
OC = OA 2 – AC 2 = 52 – 4 2 Radius of larger circle
ÐBAD = 60°
= = 6 + 3 = 9 cm.
25 – 16 = 9 = 3 cm. ÐABD = 30°
93. (4) \ In DABD,
88. (1)
O O' AD
tan30° =
r1 r2 BD
O
1 AD
Þ =
OO¢  = r1 + r2 = 7 cm. 3 5
P R Q
r1 = 4 cm.
\ r2 = (7 – 4) cm. = 3 cm. 5
OR ^ PQ Þ AD = cm
3

SME–1085
GEOMETRY
drawn, the angles which this
TYPE-XIII chord makes with the given line = 52 - 42 = 25 - 16
are equal respe ctively to the an-
= 9 = 3 cm
gles formed in the correspond-
1. (1) ing alternate segments. \ PR = PQ + QR
15 \ ÐACB = ÐBAT = 75° 16 25
ÐABC = 180° – 45° – 75°= 60° = +3 = cm
O 3 3
5. (1) A O B
8. (2)
B D C O
P
BO = OC = 15 cm.
OD = 9 cm.
A B OA = OP
\ BD = 152 - 92 Þ ÐPAB = ÐOPA = 35°
= 24 ´ 6 = 12 cm P \ ÐAOP = 110° Þ ÐPOB = 70°
\ BC = 2 × 12 = 24 cm. Ð OAP = Ð OBP = 90° 180°-70° 110°
Ð AOB + Ð APB = 180° \ ÐABP = =
2. (3) 2 2
Þ 5Ð APB + Ð APB = 180° = 55°
Þ 6 Ð APB = 180°
Þ Ð APB = 30° 9. (1) P S
5 cm O
D 6. (2) P O Q
3 cm
X Y
A C B A R Q

Length of transverse tangent


AC = AO2 - OC2
AO is perpendicular to PQ. = XY 2 - (r1 + r2 )2
= 2 2
5 -3 OA = OP = OQ.
Þ ÐOPA =ÐOAP = ÐOQA Þ 8 = XY 2 - 92
= 25 – 9 = ÐOAQ = 45°
Þ 64 = XY2 – 81
= 16 = 4 cm \ ÐPAQ = 90°
Þ XY2 = 64 + 81 = 145
\ AB = 2 × 4 = 8 cm 7. (4) Þ XY = 145 cm
3. (3) C
Q R O
10. (1) P S

A B X Y
P P R
Q R Q
OQ ^ PR
\ From DOPQ, Transverse common tangent
In DPCR and DRBP,
PQ = OP 2 - OQ 2 FG Distance between IJ - dr 2
+ r2 i
2
PC = PB (radii)
RC = RB
=
H centres K 1

PR is common. FG 20 IJ 2
- 42 = 102 - 6 2 = 16 ´ 4 = 8 cm
\ DPCR @ DRBP
\ ÐCPR = ÐRPB
[By SSS] =
H3K 11. (3) Transverse common tangent
Similarly, ÐCPQ = ÐQPA S
400 P
\ ÐQPR = 90° - 16
=
[\ ÐAPB = 180°] 9
4. (3) T R Q
400 - 144
=
O 9 = d 2 - (r1 + r2 )2
75°
A B
45° 256 16
= = cm = (24)2 - (5 + 3)2
9 3
= 576 - 64 = 512
P
From DOQR,
C
If a line touches a circle and from = 16 2 cm.
QR = OR 2 - OQ2
the point of contact a chord is

SME–1086
GEOMETRY
12. (4) 16. (2) E 18. (3) Minimum number of common
tangents drawn to two circles
P D when both circles touch each
other externally = 3
A B
R S O
T
O

Q
ÐOPS = ÐOQS = 90° ÐODB = 90°
OD = 8 cm 19. (1)
ÐPSQ = 20°;
\ ÐPOQ = 160° OB = 13 cm O
[ÐPSQ + ÐPOQ = 180°] \ BD = C
132 - 82
Þ ÐPTQ = 80°
PRQT is a concyclic quadrilateral. = 169 - 64 A B
\ ÐPRQ = 180° – 80° = 100°
= 105 cm AB = 5
13. (4) P 3 units
AE = 16 cm; ÐAED = 90° OA = 5 units
AD = 2 2 Ð OAB = 90°
AE + DE
\ OB = AB 2 + OA 2
AD = 256 + 105 = 361
A = 19 cm
T Q = (5 3 )2 + 52
17. (1)
P = 75 + 25
= 100 = 10 units
B
T \ BC = OB – OC
PT = PQ R
O = 10 – 5 = 5 units
Tangents will be equal.
20. (1)
B Q B
A
OT is the perpendicular bisector
of chord PQ.
14. (1)
Let TR = y
O A C
\ PR = QR = 4 cm D
In right angle DORP, Direct common tangent
OP2 = OR2 + PR2
ÐOBA = 90° bDistance between two centresg 2
– (r1 – r2 )2
Þ OR2 = OP2 – PR2 = 52 – 42 = 9
OA = 5, OB = 4
Þ OR = 3 cm
\ AB = OA 2 – OB2 In right angled DPRT and DOPT, = bC1C2 g2 - br1 - r2 g2
TP2 = TR2 + PR2 and OT2 = TP2 +
= 25 – 16 = 9 = 3 cm OP2 = (13)2 – (7 - 2)2
Þ OT2 = TR2 + PR2 + OP2
15. (4) A =
Þ (y + 3)2 = y2 + 16 + 25 169 - 25 = 144 = 12 cm.
16 21. (4)
O P Þ 6y = 32 Þ y =
D 3
16
B \ TR =
3
Let OA = OB = r o
OP = 2r FG 16 IJ 2
+ 16
Þ AP = PB
\ TP2 = TR2 + PR2 =
H3K
OA r 1 256 400
sin ÐAPO = = = = + 16 = A
OP 2r 2 9 9 B
Ð APO = 30° OB = 6 cm
20
\ Ð APB = 60° \ TP = cm
3 OA = 10 cm

SME–1087
GEOMETRY
ÐOBA = 90° 25. (2) \ 2ÐOAB = 180° – 140° = 40°

\ AB = A 40
OA 2 - OB2 Þ ÐOAB = = 20°
2
= 102 - 62 = 100 - 36 O \ ÐPAO = 90°
P
= 64 = 8 cm \ ÐPAB = 90° – 20° = 70°
B 28. (4)
22. (4) D A E ÐAOB = 110°
ÐOAP = 90°
ÐOBP = 90°
\ ÐAPB + ÐAOB + ÐOAP + ÐOBP O O'
= 360°
Þ ÐAPB + 110° + 90° + 90°
= 360°
Þ ÐAPB = 180° – 110° = 70°
B C
26. (2) OO' = 9 + 4 = 13 cm
\ Common tangent

DE || BC = (r1 + r2 )2 - (r1 - r2 )2
\ ÐDAB = ÐABC
ÐEAC = ÐACB = 132 - (9 - 4)2
Hence, ÐABC is equilateral trian-
gle. = 132 - 52 = 169 - 25
\ side AB = AC = BC = 17 cm = 144 = 12 cm
23. (1) 29. (1)
r1 = 25 cm, r2 = 9 cm
Length of common tangent
B
O O' = bdistance between centresg - br2
1 - r2 g 2 A
O
Q
r1 r2
= b25 + 9g - b25 - 9g
2 2
C
The angle at the circumference
\ Required length of tangent = b34g - b16g
2 2
of a semi–circle is right angle.
= (Distance between centres)2 - (r1 - r2 )2 \ Ð ACB = 90°

= (25)2 - (16 - 9)2


= b34 + 16gb34 - 16g Ð CAB = 34°
\ Ð CBA = 90° – 34° = 56°
= 625 - 49 = 576 = 50 ´ 18 30. (3)
= 24 cm = 30 cm O
24. (1) T 27. (3)
R
P Q

O
O P
A B A
Ð PAQ = 48°
Q P AP = AQ = tangents from the
S
same exterior point.
ÐRPT = 50° In DOAB, \ In D APQ,
ÐRPQ = 90° (Angle of semi ÐAPQ = ÐAQP
OA = OB = radius
circle) \ 2 ÐAPQ = 180° – 48° = 132°
\ ÐOAB = ÐOBA
ÐTPS = 180° 132
\ ÐOAB + ÐOBA + ÐAOB Þ Ð APQ = = 66°
\ ÐSPQ = 180° – 50° – 90° 2
= 180°
= 40°

SME–1088
GEOMETRY
31. (4) Length of direct common tan- 8 6
gent = (8 + 4 )2 - (8 - 4)2 Þ =
BC 3
(Distance between two centres)2 – (r1 – r2 )2 = 122 - 4 2 8´3
Þ BC = = 4 cm.
= 6
A
B 144 - 16 = 128
= 8 2 cm \ PQ = AC2 + (r1 + r2 )2

35. (4) = (8 + 4 )2 + (6 + 3)2


C
D
O
= 122 + 92 = 144 + 81
= 2
b
13 – 8 – 3 g 2
= 225 = 15 cm.
38. (2) B
= 132 – 52
A
B
= b13 + 5gb13 – 5g AB is a tangent. OB is radius of
Q
A O
= 18 ´ 8 = 12 cm. circle.
32. (2) OB ^ AB QB = Tangent = 12 cm.
OB = 6 cm. OQ = 13 cm.
T ÐQBO = 90°
5 cm. OA = 10 cm.
From DOQB,
P \ AB = OA 2 - OB2 OB = OQ2 - QB 2
4 cm
. A = 102 - 62 = 100 - 36
x B
= 132 - 122 = 169 - 144
= 64 = 8 cm. = 25 = 5 cm.
Secant PB = (4 + x) cm. 36. (3) \ AQ = Shortest distance
\ PA. PB = PT2 = OQ – OA = 13 – 5 = 8 cm.
Þ 4 (4 + x) = 52 = 25 Y 39. (3)
S
Þ 16 + 4x = 25
Þ 4x = 25 – 16 = 9
X R B
9 A
Þx= cm.
4 Q
33. (2) T P
Z
PQ = AB2 – (r1 – r2 )2
The tangents drawn from an ex-
AE B D terior point to a circle are equal. = 132 – (11 – 6)2
C
\ XY = XZ = 15 cm.
\ TZ = XZ – TX = 132 – 52 = 169 – 25
O = 15 – 9 = 6 cm
= 144 = 12 cm.
Argain, TR = TZ = 6 cm.
40. (2)
37. (4)
C A
P B
OE ^ AB ; OE ^ CD Q
OE = OA = OB = 3 cm
OC = OD = 5 cm A D C
2 2 2 B
\ CE = OC – OE In D APB and D BCQ,
2 2
Þ 5 – 3 = 25 – 9 = 16 O
Ð PAB = Ð BCQ = 90°
Þ CE = 16 = 4 cm Ð PBA = Ð QBC
By AA – similarity,
\ CD = 2CE = 2 × 4 = 8 cm AB = AC = tangents drawn from
34. (3) Common tangent =
D APB ~ D BQC
an exterior point
AB AP D is mid-point of BC and AD is
(Distance between centres)2 – (r1 – r2 )2 \ = perpendicular to BC.
BC QC
\ ÐBDO = 90°

SME–1089
GEOMETRY
41. (1) 45. (4)
= 132 – 122
P
Q

O
15 cm.
O' = b13 + 12gb13 – 12g = 25
r1 r2 = 5 cm.
A B
\ AB = 2AC = 2 × 5 = 10 cm.
Length of common transverse 49. (2)
tangent = PQ = a ABf – br – r g
2
1 2
2
B
bdistance between centresg – br 2
1 + r2 g 2
= a13f – a11 – 6f
2 2
E
= 169 – 25 = 144 = 12 cm. O
= 152 – (6 + 3)2 D
46. (2) B
= 225 – 81
O
= 144 = 12 cm. 12
A T
42. (1) P
A \ ÐBAT = 50°
O O¢ ÐAPB = 120° OA = OB = radii
OA = OB = radii ÐOAT = 90°
B \ ÐAPO = ÐOPB = 60°
\ ÐOAB = ÐOBA
A = 90° – 50° = 40°
\ From D OAP,
\ ÐAOB = 100°
r1 AP
Required ratio = r = 5 : 3 cos 60°= 100°
2 OP \ ÐAEB = = 50°
2
1 AP ADBE is a cyclic quadrilateral.
43. (2) Þ = Þ AP = 6 cm.
2 12 \ ÐADB = 180° – 50° = 130°
O O¢ 47. (4) 50. (1)

O
P A E
Q
O
A
PQ = (OO ¢ )2 – (r2 – r1)2 B C
ÐOBA = 90°
B D
In DOAB,
= (13)2 – (8 – 3)2
OA 2
= + OB2 AB2 OB = OC = radii
= 169 – 25 Þ 52 = 32 + AB2 \ In D OBC,
Þ AB2 = 52 – 32 = 25 – 9 = 16 OB = BC = CO
= 144 = 12 cm. \ ÐOCB = ÐOBC = ÐBOC
Þ AB = 16 = 4 cm. = 60°
44. (2)
OC ^ DE
A 48. (3)
A \ ÐBCD = 90° – 60° = 30°
51. (4) No. of common tangents = 3
P O C
O

B B

OA ^ PA ; OB ^ PB : PA = PB AB is tangent at point C. 52. (3) Maximum No. of Common


(tangents from the same exter- AC = BC tangents = 4
nal point) OA = 13 cm.
ÐAPB = 80° : OA = OB = radius OC = 12 cm.
ÐACO = 90°
80° From DOAC,
\ ÐAPO = = 40°
2
\ ÐAOP = 90° – 40° = 50°.
AC = OA 2 – OC2

SME–1090
GEOMETRY
53. (4) Transverse common tangent \ ÐPBA = ÐPAB = 90° – 54° = 36° 60. (2)
\ ÐBPA = 180° – 2 × 36°
= d 2 – (r1 + r2 )2 T
= 180° – 72° = 108°
A B
= 2 2 57. (1) B
10 – (3 + 3)
[r1 = r2 = 3 cm.] P
= 100 – 36
O
= 64 = 8 cm. Tangents drawn from an exter-
54. (4) D nal point to a circle are equal.
A A C \ TA = TP; TP = TB
\ TA = TB
AB ^ AC 61. (3)
B C \ ÐBAC = 90°
Q
\ BC = AB 2 + AC 2

The angle at the circumference = 82 + 62 = 64 + 36 O P


of a semi–circle is a right angle.
= 100 = 10 cm.
\ ÐBAC = 90°
ÐABC = 36° 58. (4) R
\ ÐACB = 90° – 36° = 54° PQ = PR (Tangents from the
C
ÐBCD = 90° same exterior point)
\ ÐACD = 90° – 54° = 36° 120°
ÐDAC = 90° O
ÐOPQ = ÐOPR = = 60°
2
\ ÐADC = 90° – 36° = 54°
\ OQ ^ PQ (Tangent)
30° \ ÐOQP = 90°
55. (3) B A T \ ÐPOQ = 90° – 60° = 30°
R S
ÐATC = 30°; ÐACT = 48° 62. (3)
O \ ÐCAT = 180° – (30° + 48°) O
= 180° – 78° = 102°
P Q \ ÐOCA = 90° – 48° T P
T = 42° = ÐOAC OT = 5 cm.
TR = TS \ ÐOAB = 180° – 102° – 42° OP = 13 cm.
ÐSRT = ÐTSR = 65° = 36° = ÐOBA
\ ÐSTR = 180° – 130° = 50° \ PT = OP2 – OT 2
\ ÐAOB = 180° – 2 × 36°
130° = 108° = 132 – 52
\ ÐPTR = ÐSTQ = = 65°
2 59. (1)
= 169 – 25 = 144 = 12 cm.
\ ÐPTS = 65° + 50° = 115°
56. (3) A
63. (2)
B
P O
O
O P
C
B
A A B
PA = PB (tangents from an exte-
OA = OB = radii of circle rior point)
ÐAOB = 72°; OA = OB = radii D
ÐOBP = ÐOAP = 90° ÐAPO = ÐOPB = 25°
In ÐOAB, Tangent Þ CAD
ÐOAB = ÐOBA 130
ÐPAB = ÐPBA = = 65° OA ^ CD
\ 2 ÐOAB = 180° – 72° = 108° 2 Þ OAD = 90°
ÐOAP = 90° ÐBAD = q
108°
Þ ÐOAB = = 54° \ ÐOAB = 90° – 65° = 25° \ ÐOAB = 90° – q = ÐOBA
2

SME–1091
GEOMETRY
AC = Diameter of circle
64. (1) 6. (4)
\ AC = A
O 62 + 8 2 = 36 + 64
6 = 100 = 10 cm
P O
T \ Circum-radius = 5 cm
OT = 6 cm. 3. (2)
TP = 8 cm. A
ÐOTP = 90° B C
In DOPT,
OP = OT 2 + TP2 = 62 + 82
AC = AB 2 + BC 2
= 36 + 64 = 100 = 10 cm.
B C 225 + 400
= 152 + 202 =
65. (3)
O 32 + 42 = 52 [Pythagorean Triplet] = 625 = 25 cm.
D ABC is a right angled triangle. ÐABC = 90°
Ð B = 90° = angle at the circum- As, AC = diameter
P ference
A
25
OA ^ AP Since, Diameter of circle = 5 cm \ Circum radius (OA) =
2
OP = 5 cm. \ Circum-radius = 2.5 cm
= 12.5 cm.
PA = 4 cm.
7. (4)
\ OA = 4. (1) A
OP 2 – AP 2
A
= 52 – 4 2 = 25 – 16
= 9 = 3 cm.
I
TYPE-XIV O
O
B C
1. (4)
B D C
D Circum-radius of equilateral trian-
OA = OB = OC 2
gle = × height
ÐBID = ÐABC 3
Þx=y 2
ÐBOD = 2 ÐBAD \8= × height
3
z+x 3y
\ = =3 8´3
y y \ Height = = 12 cm.
2
ÐCBE = 50° 5. (2) Simply, check through options
ÐBAC + ÐBCA = 90° & find Pythagorean Triplet 8. (4) P
[ Q ÐABC = 90°] 3–r
ÐABE = 90° – 50° = 40° A r
3–r
\ ÐABE = ÐACE = 40° 2+r
\ ÐACE = ÐDEC = 40° r
2. (1) r r
A
B Q r 2+r R
C
O PR2 = PQ2 + PR2
= 32 + 42 = 25
\ PR = 25
90°
C = 5 cm
B
182 + 242 = 302 Area of triangle
ÐABC = 90° \ Sides = 18, 24, 30
r = Semi - perimeter of triangle

SME–1092
GEOMETRY
Þ (x – 6) (x + 17) = 0 The angle subtended by an arc
1
´3´4 Þ x = 6 as x ¹ –17 at the centre is twice to that at
2 6 the circumference by the same
=
3 + 4 + 5 = 6 = 1cm \ x = 6 cm
arc.
2 \ Ð AOC = 2ÐABC = 120°
11. (2) A
[Or, In the above figure, QR = r + 14. (3) ÐBAC = 85°
2+r=4Þr=1 \ ÐBOC = 2 × 85° = 170°
9. (3)
A

O
O O
B C B C
A B C D
E

Þ ÐOBC = ÐOCB = 5°
ÐBAC = 85°
\ ÐOCA = ÐOAC = 75° – 5°
BE = EC = 6 cm, OB = 10 cm] \ ÐBOC = 2 × 85° = 170°
= 70°
OA = 17 cm ÐBCA = 55°
From DOBE, \ ÐAOB = 2 × 55° = 110° 15. (1)
B
\ ÐAOC = 360° – 170° – 110°
OE = OB2 - BE2 = 360° – 280° = 80°
O
2 2 1
= 10 - 6 = 16 ´ 4 = 8 cm \ ÐOAC = ÐOCA = (180°– 80°)
2
From DOAE,
1 A C
AE = OA 2 - OE2 = × 100 = 50°
2 BC = Diameter
= 17 2 - 8 2 = 25 ´ 9 = 15 cm
\ BC = AB2 + AC2
\ AD = 2 × AE = 2 × 15 = 30 cm 12. (1) Q

10. (2) = 52 + 122 = 25 + 144

O = 169 = 13 cm
\ OB = circum-radius
BC 13
= = = 6.5 cm
2 2
P R
16. (2)

R
\ RQ = PR 2 + PQ2

= 6 2 + 82 = 36 + 64

ÐPRQ = 90° = 100 = 10 cm P Q


PR = 2 + x O
10
PQ = 17 \ Circum-radius =
2
RQ = 9 + x
= 5 cm
\ PQ2 = PR2 + RQ2
Þ 172 = (2 + x)2 + (9 + x)2 13. (3) A
Angle of a semi–circle is a right
Þ 289 = 4 + 4x + x2 + 81 + 18x + x2
angle.
Þ 289 = 2x2 + 22x + 85
0 \ ÐPRQ = 90°
Þ 2x2 + 22x + 85 – 289 = 0 B C
Þ 2x2 + 22x – 204 = 0 In D PQR,
Þ x2 + 11x – 102 = 0 ÐRPQ + ÐRQP = 90°
In D ABC,
Þ x2 + 17x – 6x – 102 = 0 Þ ÐRPQ + 30° = 90°
Ð BAC = 60°, Ð ABC = 60° Þ ÐRPQ = 90° – 30° = 60°
Þ x(x + 17) – 6 (x + 17) = 0

SME–1093
GEOMETRY
ÐBAC = Angle at circumference 22. (2)
17. (4) = 50°
A
ÐBOC = angle at centre = 100°
O OB = OC = radius
P S 80°
Q D R \ ÐOBC = ÐOCB = = 40°
2
20. (3)
O
D
B C
Point ‘O’ is the centre of circle.
OD is perpendicular on QR.
QD = DR = 8 cm. O
In D ABC,
From D OQD,
Ð BAC = 85°
OD = OQ2 – QD2 Ð BCA = 75°
A B \ ÐABC = 180° – 85° – 75°
C = 20°
= 17 2 – 82
OA = AB = OB The angle subtended by an arc
= (17 + 8)(17 – 8) ÐAOB = 60° of a circle at the centre is double
the angle subtended by it at any
\ ÐADB = 30°
= 25 ´ 9 = 5 × 3 = 15 cm. point on the remaining part of the
Angle subtended at the centre by circle.
From D OPD, an arc is twice of that subtend-
ed at the circumference. \ ÐAOC = ÐABC = 40°
PD = OP 2 – OD2 ADBC is a cyclic quadrilateral. \ OA = OC = radii
\ ÐADB + ÐACB = 180° In DOAC,
= 252 – 152 Þ 30° + ÐACB = 180° ÐOAC = ÐOCA (The angles at the
Þ ÐACB = 180° – 30° = 150° base of an isosceles triangle are
= (25 + 15)(25 – 15) equal)
21. (1)
ÐOAC + ÐOCA = 180° – 40°
= 40 ´ 10 = 20 cm. A = 140°
\ PS = 2PD = 2 × 20 = 40 cm.
140°
R Q \ ÐOAC = = 70°
18. (4)
A 2
23. (4) A

B D C

B C
E O
P B C
AB BD
= ÐBQP = ÐBAP
AC DC
ÐAEC = ÐCBA ÐA
\ ÐBQP = ÐBAC = 85°
ÐBCE = ÐBAE 2 ÐBCA = 75°
ÐAEB = ÐACB ÐBQR = ÐBCR ÐABC = 180° – 85° – 75°
\ Ratio will be same. 1 = 20°
\ ÐBQR = ÐC Angle subtended by an arc at the
19. (4) A 2
centre is twice to that subtended
\ ÐBQP + ÐBQR
at any po int on the
1 circumference.
= ( ÐA + ÐC) \ 2ÐABC = ÐAOC
2
\ ÐOAC = 40°
O 1 In DOAC,
Þ ÐPQR = (180° – ÐB)
2 OA = OC = radii
[ Q ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°] \ ÐOAC = ÐOCA
B C \ 2ÐOAC = 180° – 40° = 140°
B
= 90° – 140°
2 Þ ÐOAC = = 70°
2

SME–1094
GEOMETRY

24. (1) A 29. (3) C


27. (4) A

O
O
Q

B C R
D B D C O

In D OBC Q OB = OC B P A
\ Ð OBC = ÐOCB AB = AC = 5 cm. (We have as- OP = OQ = OR = r (let)
\ Ð BOC = 180° – 2 ÐOBC sumed to reach answer) ÐCBA = 90°
In D OBD, AD ^ BC
ÐOBD = Ð OBC = 90° – ÐBOD BD = DC = 3 cm. \ AC = AB2 + BC2
Angle subtended by an arc at the
centre is twice to that subtended AD = AB2 – BD2
at the circumference.
= 62 + 8 2 = 36 + 64
= 2 2 = 25 – 9 = 16
1 5 –3 = 100 = 10 cm.
\ ÐBAC = ÐBOC = 4 cm.
2 Area of D ABC = Area of
Let, OA = OC = r cm. (D AOC + D BOC + D AOB)
1
= (180° – 2 ÐOBC) OD = (4 – r) cm.
2 1 1 1
In DOCD, Þ ×6×8= AC × OQ +
= 90° – Ð OBC 2 2 2
\ ÐBAC + ÐOBC = 90° OC2 = OD2 + DC2
Þ r2 = (4 – r)2 + 32 1
C BC × OR + × AB × OP
25. (3) Þ r2 = 16 + r2 – 8r + 9 2

25 1 1
Þ 8r = 25 Þ r = = 3.125 Þ 24 = × 10 × r + ×8×r
8 2 2
O
1
28. (1) B + ×6×r
2
D Þ 24 = 5r + 4r + 3r
A B
F O
OA = OB = AB
24
A C Þ 12r = 24 Þ r = = 2 cm.
\ DOAB is an equilateral trian- E 12
gle.
\ ÐAOB = 60° OE = OF (In–radius) 30. (1) A
60° BF = BD (tangents from external
\ ÐACB = = 30° point B)
2 a a
Angle subtended at the centre by and EC = DC = 15 cm.
O
an arc is twice to that at the cir- BF = x cm.
cumference. AB = (6 + x) cm.
B D C
B AC = 6 + 15 = 21 cm.
X BC2 = AB2 + BC2 A
Þ (x + 15)2 = (6 + x)2 + (21)2
( Q BC = BD + CD)
26. (2) A O a
Þ x2 + 30x + 225 = 36 + x2 + a O
12x + 441
Y Þ 30x – 12x = 441 + 36 – 225 C
B D
C Þ 18x = 252
AX = AY = tangents from an exte-
rior point 252
Þx= = 14 Þ BD = 14 cm. 3
ÐAXO = ÐAYO = 90° 18 AD = ´ side
2
\ AX = XB ; AY = YC \ Required difference
1 1
= CD – BD \ OD = ´ AD
\ XY || BC and = BC 3
2 = 15 – 14 = 1 cm.

SME–1095
GEOMETRY
\ In D AOC,
=
1
´
3a
=
a
2 ÐOAC + 40° = 180° TYPE-XV
3 2 2 3 Þ 2 ÐOAC = 180° – 40° = 140° 1. (2) Error = 45°27' – 45° = 27'
2 140° We have, 60' = 1°
OA =
3
AD Þ ÐOAC = = 70° 27°
2 Þ 27' =
60
2 3 a 33. (4) A \ Percentage error
= ´ a=
3 2 3 27
2700
= 60 ´ 100 = = 1%
Side a 45 60 ´ 45
In-radius = = O
2 3 2 3 2. (2) P S
Side a B C X
Circum-radius = =
3 3
\ Required ratio Angle subtended at the centre of
a circled by an arc is twice to R Q
a a
= : =1 :2 that at the circumference. XP = XR
2 3 3 \ ÐBOC = 2ÐBAC \ ÐXPR = ÐXRP
31. (3) 150 If ÐPSX = ÐRQX,
B Þ ÐBAC = = 75° then, PS = RQ
2
A 3. (3)
34. (1)
A D
A C O
D
I P
C B
B D C Join CB.
AD = DC = DB ÐAOC + ÐBOD
In D ABC, = 2ÐABC + 2ÐBCD
BI = IC = ex–radius (Exterior angles of triangle)
AC = AB2 + BC2 \ Angle subtended by arc AC = 2 (ÐABC + ÐBCD)
at the centre = 2ÐBPD
= 32 + 4 2 = 9 + 16 = 2 × ÐBAC 1
= 2 × 60° = 120° \ ÐBPD = (50° + 40°) = 45°
= 25 = 5 cm. 2
120°
\ ÐBID = ÐDIC = = 60° 4. (3) A
5 2
\ AD = = 2.5 cm.
2 35. (3)
32. (1) A P P Q

B C
O
PQ || BC
B C AP AQ
\ = [By BPT]
O AB AC
AB AC
Point ‘O’ is equidistant from the Þ =
vertices of triangle ABC. AP AQ
Q R
\ OA = OB = OC AP + PB AQ + QC
\ ÐOAC = ÐOCA, ÐOBC ÐPOR = 115° Þ =
AP AQ
= ÐOCB; ÐOAB = ÐOBA \ ÐOPR + ÐORP = 180° – 115°
\ In DABC, = 65° PB QC AP
ÐABC = 180° – 85° – 75° = 20° \ 2ÐOPR + 2ÐORP = 130° Þ = =
AP AQ AQ
\ ÐAOC = 2 ÐABC Þ ÐQPR + ÐQRP = 130°
Þ AP2 = PB. AQ = 4 × 9 = 36
= 2 × 20° = 40° \ ÐPQR = 180° – 130° = 50° \ AP = 6 units

SME–1096
GEOMETRY

5. (2) 9. (1) ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180°


A A
ÐB ÐC ÐA
Þ + = 90° –
2 2 2
90°
In DBOC,
O ÐB ÐC
ÐBOC + + = 180°
B C 2 2
AB2 + AC2 = BC2 Þ ÐBAC = 90° ÐA
Þ AB2 + AC2 = 2AB2 Þ 102° + 90° – = 180°
B C 2
Þ AB2 = AC2
In DABC, ÐA
Þ AB = AC ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° ... (i) Þ = 102° + 90° – 180° = 12°
\ ÐABC = ÐACB = 45°
2
In DOBC,
ÐOBC + ÐBOC + ÐOCB = 180° \ ÐA = 24°
6. (3) 13. (3) A
ÐB ÐC
Þ + 110°+ = 180°
2 2
ÐB + ÐC
Þ = 180°-110° = 70°
2 B C
Þ ÐB + ÐC = 140° 1 2
\ ÐA = 180° – 140° = 40°

10. (2) A
P O Q
ÐBOC = 2 ÐBAC
ÐAOD = 2 ÐDCA ÐABC + ÐCBP = 180°
\ ÐBOC + ÐAOD Þ ÐB + 2 Ð1 = 180°
= 2 (ÐBAC + ÐDCA) Þ 2Ð1 = 180° – ÐB
= 2 ÐBPC (Exterior angles' sum) E D C 1
B Þ Ð1 = 90° – ÐB
\ 2ÐBPC = 20° + 30° = 50° 2
ÐA = 180° – 60° – 40° = 80°
Þ ÐBPC = 25° Again, ÐACB + ÐQCB = 180°
80°
7. (2) A ÐBAD = = 40° 1
2 Þ Ð2 = 90° – ÐC
2
ÐBAE = 180° – 60° – 90° = 30°
In D BOC,
D \ ÐDAE = 40° – 30° = 10°
Ð1 + Ð2 + ÐBOC = 180°
O
11. (1) C 1 1
B
Þ 90°- ÐB + Ð 90°-
2 2
O ÐC + ÐBOC = 180°
C
A 1
B Þ ÐBOC = (ÐB + ÐC)
ÐCOD = 120° [Given] 2
ÐBAC = 30°
1
P = (180° - ÐA )
1 2
ÐCAD = × 120° = 60°
2 1
\ ÐBAD = 90° Þ ÐBOC = 90° – ÐA
Y X 2
\ ÐBCD = 180° – 90° = 90°
1
8. (2) ÐACB = 65° Þ 60° = 90° – ÐA
2
A D ÐAOB = 2 × 65° = 130°
\ ÐA = 60°
ÐOAP = 90°, ÐAOP = 65°
\ ÐAPO = 180° – 90° – 65° 14. (3) A
= 25°

B C E F 12. (2) A

DABC ~ DDEF I
O
\ ÐA = 47° = ÐD
ÐB = ÐE = 63° 102°
\ ÐC = 180° – 47° – 63° =70° B C B C

SME–1097
GEOMETRY
ÐABC = 60° Þ ÐBCA = 80° Þ ÐOBC + ÐOCB = 50° ÐDCE = ÐABC = 60°
ÐABI = ÐIBC = 30°
\ ÐBOC = 180° – 50° \ ÐACB + ÐACD + ÐDCE
ÐACI = ÐICB = 40°
= 130° = 180°
In DBIC,
18. (4) Þ ÐACD = 180° – 120° = 60°
\ ÐBIC = 180° – 30° – 40° = 110°
21. (4)
P
15. (4) A
40°

F E A B

O
Ð ACB = 180° – 75° – 45°
Q R = 60°
C
B C
Ð ACD = 180° – 60° = 120° = x
AC= QC
ÐBAC = 70° x
\ ÐQAC = ÐCQA = x (Let) \ % of 60°
ÐABC + ÐACB = 110° ...(i) 3
CR = CB
From ÐBCF, \ Ð CBR = ÐCRB = y
ÐCFB + ÐFBC + ÐFCB = 180° 120
\ From D PQR, = 60 × = 24°
Þ ÐFBC + ÐFCB = 90° ...(ii) Ðx + Ðy + 40° = 180° 300
From DBCE, Ðx + Ðy = 140° ......(i)
ÐECB + ÐEBC = 90° ...(iii) Again, 22. (4) D
(ii) + (iii) – (i) Ð ACQ + Ð ACB + Ð BCR = 180°
Þ ÐEBC + ÐFCB Þ 180° – 2x + Ð ACB + 180° – 2y
= 180°
= 180° – 110° = 70°
Þ Ð ACB = 2 (x + y) – 180° A
\ ÐBOC = 180° – 70° = 110° = 2 × 140 – 180° = 100°
16. (3)
D 19. (2) D
B
B C
O
O
C P Let Ð ABC = Ð ACB = x [ Q AB = AC]
A \ Ð BAC = 180° – 2x
A C Þ ÐCAD = 180° – 2x
B Also, ÐBAD = 180°
ÐAPC = 70° = ÐDPB
P \ 180° = (180° – 2x) × 2
\ ÐAPD = 180° – 70°
= 110° = ÐBPC Þ 180° – 2x = 90°
ÐAOC = 130°
Also, ÐADC = ÐABC = 23° Þ 2x = 90° = Ð BCD
1 \ Ð BCD = 180° –110° – 23° = 47° 23. (2) Ð A + Ð B = 65°
Þ ÐADC = ´ 130° = 65°
2 20. (2) 2x + 3x + 4x = 180° \ Ð C = 180° – 65° = 115°
ÐPBC = ÐADC = 65° Þ 9x = 180° Þ x = 20° Ð B + Ð C = 140°
\ Angles of triangle are 40°, 60° \ Ð B = 140° – 115° = 25°
17. (4) A and 80°
24. (4)
A
O D
40°
B C

ÐBAC = 80°
60° 80°
\ ÐB + ÐC = 180° – 80° = 100° B E
C
ÐB ÐC
+ = 50° AB || CD
2 2

SME–1098
GEOMETRY
ÐA = 90°, ÐC = 55°, A
28. (4) AD
\ ÐB = 90° – 55° = 35° tan ÐACB
= DC
ÐADB = 90° tan ÐDBE DE
\ ÐBAD = 90° – 35° = 55° BD
B C
ÐA + ÐB = 145° AD BD BD
25. (4) P = ´ =6
ÐC = 180° – 145° = 35° DC DE DC
ÐC + 2ÐB = 180° BD
\6 =6
Þ 2ÐB = 180° – 35° = 145° DC
145° Þ BD = DC
O Þ ÐB = D ADB @ D ADC
2
Þ ÐABD = ÐACD = 60°
Q R Þ 72.5° = ÐA \ Ð ACB = 60°
Þ ÐB > ÐC Hence, DABC is an equilateral tri-
\ AC > AB angle
ÐQOR = 110° 29. (3) ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° ....(i)
ÐOPR = 25° (ÐB – ÐC) – (ÐA–ÐB) = 30° – 15° A
\ ÐQPR = 110° ÷ 2 = 55° Þ 2 ÐB – ÐA – ÐC = 15° ....(ii)
OR = OP By adding (i) and (ii),
\ ÐOPR = ÐPRO = 25° 3ÐB = 180° + 15° = 195°
Þ ÐB = 65° 90°
70 32. (1) D
\ ÐOQR = ÐORQ = = 35° ÐA – ÐB = 15°
2
Þ ÐA = 15° + 65° = 80°
\ ÐPRQ = 25° + 35° = 60° ÐC = ÐB – 30° B C
26. (3) = 65° – 30° = 35°
ÐA = ÐB = ÐC = 60°
30. (4) A H D BC = AB = AC = 13 cm
BD = 2 cm
In DABD,
E G
AB2 = BD2 + AD2
2

B F C
Þ e 13 j = (2)2 + AD2

Þ AD2 = 13 – 4 = 9
AE = AH
ÐAOE = 150°, ÐDAO = 51°[Given] Þ AD =
BE = BF 9 = 3 cm
ÐEOB = 180° – 150° = 30° GC = FC 33. (3) The sum of supplementary
OE = OB GD = HD angles is 180°.
150 Þ AE + BE + GC + GD \ 2x + 3x = 180
\ ÐOEB = ÐOBE = = 75° = AH + BF + FC + HD
2 180
Þ AB + CD = AD + BC Þ 5x = 180 Þ x = = 36
\ ÐCBE = 180° – 75° = 105° 5
Þ 6 + 3 = AD + 7.5
Þ AD = 9 – 7.5 = 1.5 cm \ 2x = 2 × 36 = 72°
27. (4) A
and, 3x = 3 × 36 = 108°
31. (3) 34. (1) Sum of three angles of trian-
gle = 180°
B C D Ð A = 2 x°
Ð B = 3 x°
ÐACB = 80° Ð C = x°
\ ÐACD = 180° – 80° = 100° Þ 2 x° + 3 x ° + x° = 180°
ÐCAD = ÐCDA [CD = AC] Þ 6 x° = 180°
80° 180
= = 40° Þx= = 30
2 6
ÐBAC = 111° – 40° = 71° \ Ð A = 2 × 30° = 60°
ÐABC = 180° – 71° – 80° = 29° Ð BAD = 30° Ð B = 3 x = 3 × 30 = 90°
Ð ABD = 60° [ Q ÐADB = 90°] Ð C = x = 30°

SME–1099
GEOMETRY

90 3
35. (2) B Þ 2x = 90 Þ x = = 45° \ ÐA = × 180° = 45°
2 12
38. (1) Supplementary angles
4
= x and 180° – x (let) ÐB = × 180° = 60°
According to the question, 12
C 180° – x – x = 44° 5
Þ 180° – 2x = 44° ÐC = × 180° = 75°
12
Þ 2x = 180° – 44° = 136°
41. (1) Let the required angle be x°.
136° According to the question,
Þx= = 68°
A D 2
x metre 1
90 – x = (180 – x)
39. (1) A 4
AB = Height of tree = h metre Þ 360 – 4x = 180 – x
AC = Required height Þ 4x – x = 360 – 180
= y metre Þ 3x = 180 Þ x = 60°
F E
BC = CD = Broken part of tree 42. (2) The opposite angles of a par-
= (h – y) metre allelogram are equal.
\ In DACD, 2x + 7x + 2x + 7x = 360°
AC2 + AD2 = CD2 B D C Þ 18x = 360°
Þ y2 + x2 = (h – y)2 D and E are midpoints of BC and Þ x = 20°
Þ y2 + x2 = h2 + y2 – 2hy AC respectively. \ One angle = 2x
Þ x2 = h2 – 2hy \ DE || BA Þ DE || BF, = 2 × 20 = 40°
Þ 2hy = h2 – x2 FE || BD Second angle = 7x
DF is the diagonal of parallelo- = 7 × 20 = 140°
h2 - x2 gram BDEF. \ 140 + 40° = 180°
Þy= metre
2h \ Area of DBDF = Area of DDEF 43. (1) Sum of two supplementary
angles = 180°
36. (2) Similarly \ 5y + 62° + 22° + y = 180°
C
DE is the diagonal of parallelo- Þ 6y + 84° = 180°
gram DCEF. Þ 6y = 180° – 84° = 96°
\ Area of DDCE = Area of DDEF 96
A E \ DBDF = DDCE = DAFE \ y= = 16°
12 metre 6
= DDEF
7 metre 12 metre \ On adding 44. (2) P
4 × DDEF = DABC
U Q
B D Parallelogram BDEF
12 metre
1
AB = 7 metre CD = 12 metre = 2 × DDEF = × DABC
2
\ CE = CD – DE Quadrilateral CAFD = D ABC –
T R
= 12 – 7 = 5 metre DBDF
\ From DAEC, 1 S
= DABC – DBDF
4
AC = AE2 + EC2 Each triangle is equilateral.
3 \ ÐP + ÐR + ÐT
= × DABC
= 122 + 52 = 144 + 25 4 = 2 (60 + 60 + 60°)
= \ Required ratio = 2 × 180° = 360°
169 = 13 metre
37. (3) Let the required angle be x°. 1 3 45. (4) P Q
= × DABC : DABC = 2 : 3 R
According to the question, 2 4 PR + RQ = PQ
180 – x = 3(90 – x ) 40. (1) Angles of DABC, Hence, P, Q and R are collinear.
Q ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° Hence, no circle will pass through
Þ 180 – x = 270 – 3x
these three points.
Þ 3x – x = 270 – 180 A:B:C=3:4:5
qqq

SME–1100
GEOMETRY

TEST Y0URSELF
1. PQRS is a rhombus in which 7. In D ABC, AB = 6 cms, BC = 10 (3) AB + BC + AC < AD + BE + CF
ÐSPQ = 64°. Equilateral triangles cms, AC = 8cm and AD ^ BC.
(4) AB + BC + AC > AD + BE + CF
PXQ and QYR are drawn outside Find the value of the ratio of
the rhombus on sides PQ and QR. BD : DC. 15. Two circles whose radii are 10
Calculate the magnitude of the (1) 3 : 4 (2) 9 : 16 cm and 8 cm, intersect each
angle ÐQXY. other and their common chord is
(3) 4 : 5 (4) 16 : 25
12 cm long. What is the distance
(1) 26° (2) 28° 8. In D ABC, a line parallel to BC between their centres ?
(3) 30° (4) 45° intersects AB and AC at D and
E. If AE = 3 AD, find the ratio (1) 11.27 cm (2) 12.29 cm
2. ABC is a right angled triangle with BD : EC. (3) 12.27 cm (4) 13.29 cm
a right angle at A. Points D, E
are the middle points of AB and (1) 1 : 3 (2) 1 : 2 16. In the following figure, Ð ABC =
AC respectively. Which of the fol- (3) 2 : 3 (4) 3 : 2 69°, Ð ACB = 31° thenÐ BDC = ?
lowing relations is correct ? 9. The angles of a triangle are in the D
ratio of 1 : 2 : 3. What will be the
(1) 3 (BE2 + CD2) = 4 BC2 radian measure of the largest
(2) 4(BE2 + CD2) = 5 BC2 angle of the triangle ?
A
(3) 4(BE + CD ) = 3 BC
2 2 2
p p
(4) None of these (1) (2)
2 3
3. A triangle ABC is inscribed in a
circle and the bisectors of the p 2p
angles A, B and C meet the cir- (3) (4) 69° 31°
4 3 B C
cumference at P, Q and R respec- 10. If the internal bisectors of angles
tively. The angles of the triangle ÐABC and ÐACB of DABC inter-
PQR respectively are sect at point O, then ÐBOC = ? (1) 80° (2) 60°
A A C ÐA ÐA (3) 65° (4) 75°
(1) 90° – , 90° + , 90° + (1) 90° – (2) 90° +
2 2 2 2 2 17. In the following figure, AB is the
diameter of circle and CD is a
A B ÐA
(2) 90° + , 90° – , 90° – C (3) 180 – (4) 90° – ÐA chord equal to the radius. AC and
2 2 2 BD when extended meet at E.
A B C 11. In any triangle PQR, PS is the in- ÐAEB = ?
(3) 90° – , 90° – ,90° – ternal bisector of ÐQPR and PT ^
2 2 2 QR then ÐTPS = ? E
(4) None of these
1
4. PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral. (1) ÐQ – ÐR (2) (ÐQ + ÐR) C
The bisectors of the angles Ð P 2
D
and ÐR meet the circle ABCD at 1
A and B respectively. If the ra- (3) (ÐQ – ÐR)(4) ÐQ + ÐR
dius of the circle be r units, then
2
AB = ? 12. In any triangle ABC the internal A B
bisector of ÐABC and the exter- O
(1) r (2) 2r nal bisector of other base angle
2 3 meet at point E. Then ÐBEC = ?
(3) r (4) r (1) ÐA (2) 2 ÐA
3 2
5. Two chords AB and CD of a circle 1 1 (1) 30° (2) 60°
with centre O intersect at point (3) ÐA (4) ÐB (3) 45° (4) 90°
2 2
P within the circle. 13. DABC is an isosceles triangle in 18. ABC is a right angled triangle in
ÐAOC + ÐBOD = ? which AB = AC. Side BA is ex- which ÐC = 90°. If BC = a, AB =
(1) ÐAPC (2) 2 ÐAPC tended to D such that AB = AD. c, CA = b and the length of per-
What will be the value of ÐBCD ? pendicular from C to AB be p,
3 (1) 90° (2) 60°
(3) ÐAPC (4) None of these then,
2 (3) 30° (4) 45°
6. If the ratio of numer of sides of 1 1
14. In any triangle ABC, AD, BE and 2
+ =?
two regular polygons be 2 : 3 and
CF are medians. What is the re-
a b2
the ratio of their interior angles
be 6 : 7, find the number of sides lation between the perimeter of 1 2
triangle and sum of all three me- (1) p (2)
of the two polygons.
dians ? p2
(1) 6 and 7 (2) 8 and 9 (1) AB + BC + AC < AD + BE + CF 1
(3) 6 and 9 (4) 6 and 8 (2) AB + BC + AC > AD + BE + CF (3) p 2 (4) None of these

SME–1101
GEOMETRY
19. The centre of a circle of radius 5
cm is ‘O’. T is an external point FG AC IJ + FG AB IJ
2 2
+ AB2 + AC 2 Þ
1
ÐP +
1
ÐR = 90°
where OT = 13 cm and OT inter-
sects the circle at point E. AB is
=
H2K H2K 2 2
Þ ÐAPS + ÐBRS = 90° ....(i)
a tangent at point E. What is the AC 2 AB 2 But ÐBRS and ÐBPS are angles
length of AB ? = + + AB2 + AC2
4 4 in the same segment with chord
10 20 Þ 4 (BE2 + CD2) =5 (AB2 + AC2) BS.
(1) cm (2) cm \ ÐBRS = ÐBPS .....(ii)
3 3 = 5BC2
\ ÐAPS + ÐBPS = 90°
40 16 A
(3) cm (4) cm Þ ÐAPB = 90°
3 3 3. (3)
\ AB is the diameter.
R Q
SHORT ANSWERS 5. (2)

1. (2) 2. (2) 3. (3) 4. (2)


B C O
5. (2) 6. (3) 7. (2) 8. (1)
9. (1) 10. (2) 11. (3) 12. (3) A D
P
13. (1) 14. (2) 15. (4) 16. (1) ÐBQP = ÐBAP P
C B
17. (2) 18. (3) 19. (2) ÐA Arc AC subtends ÐAOC at the
ÐBQP = centre.
2
EXPLANATIONS ÐBQR = ÐBCR ÐAOC = 2 ÐABC
Similarly, ÐBOD = 2ÐBCD
1
1. (2) ÐBQR = ÐC On adding, ÐAOC + ÐBOD
2
= 2 (ÐABC + ÐBCD) = 2ÐAPC
X P 1 [ Q ÐAPC is the
\ ÐPQR = (ÐA + ÐC)
2 exterior angle]
64° 6. (3) Each interior angle of a regu-
1 ÐB
= (180°-ÐB) = 90° – lar polygon of n sides
2 2
S ÐAPR = ÐACR FG 2n - 4 IJ
Q 1
=
H n K right angles
Þ ÐAPR = ÐC Let the number of sides be 2x
2
Also, ÐAPR = ÐABQ and 3x respectively.
R
Y 1 2 ´ 2x - 4
ÐSPQ = 64° Þ ÐAPR = ÐB 2x 6
2 \ =
ÐPQR = 180° – 64° = 116° 2 ´ 3x - 4 7
1
Each angle of equilateral trian- \ ÐAPQ + ÐAPR = (ÐB + ÐC) 3x
gle is 60°. 2
( 4 x - 4) 3 6
\ ÐXQY = 360° – 116° – 60° – 1 Þ 2 (6 x - 4) = 7
60° = 124° Þ Ð QPR = (180 – Ð A) =
2
180° –124° 56° ÐA 4x - 4 2
\ ÐQXY = = =28° 90°- Þ =
2 2 2 12x - 8 7
2. (2) Similarly, x -1 2
C
ÐC Þ =
ÐQRP = 90°- 3x - 2 7
2 Þ 7x – 7 = 6x – 4
4. (2) B Þx=7–4=3
E \ Number of sides = 6 and 9.
P 7. (2) C
A B S
D
Using Pythagoras theoren. D
BE2 = AE2 + AB2 Q R
A
CD2 = AC2 + AD2
PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral.
\ BE2 + CD2 = AE2 + AD2 +
AB2 + AC2 ÐP + ÐR = 180°
A B

SME–1102
GEOMETRY
6 + 8 = 10
2 2 2
=1+2+3=6 Þ ÐQ – ÐR = ÐTPR – ÐQPT
\ D ABC is a right angled trian- 3 Þ ÐQ – ÐR = (ÐTPS + ÐSPR) –
gle. \ Largest angle = × 180° (ÐQPS – ÐTPS)
6
1 Þ ÐQ – ÐR = 2 ÐTPS
= 90°
D ABC = × Base × Height
Q 180° = p radian 1
2
Þ ÐTPS = (ÐQ – ÐR)
p p 2
1 1 \ 90° = ´ 90 = radian
\ × AB × BC = BC × AD 180 2 12. (3)
2 2
A
Þ 6 × 8 = 10 × AD A E
10. (2)
24
Þ AD = cm
5
Let BD = x cm. O
1 2
From D ABD, B C D
1 2

62 -
FG 24 IJ 2
B C Exterior ÐACD = ÐA + ÐB
BD =
H5K In DBOC,
Þ
1
ÐACD =
1
ÐA +
1
ÐB
Ð1 + Ð2 + ÐBOC = 180° ...(i) 2 2 2
576 900 - 576 In DABC,
= 36 - = 1
25 25 ÐA + ÐB + ÐC = 180° Þ Ð2=Ð1+ ÐA (i)
Þ ÐA + 2 Ð1 + 2 Ð2 = 180° 2
18 In DBCE,
324 ÐA
= = cm Þ + Ð1 + Ð2 = 90° Ð ECD = Ð1 + ÐE
25 5 2 Þ Ð2=Ð1+ÐE (ii)
18 32 ÐA From equations (i) and (ii),
\ CD = 10 - = Þ Ð1 + Ð2 = 90° –
5 5 2 1
Ð1 + ÐA = Ð 1 + ÐE
18 32 From equation (i) 2
\ BD : CD = : = 9 : 16
5 5 ÐA 1
90° – + ÐBOC = 180° Þ ÐA = ÐE
8. (1) 2 2
A
ÐA 1
Þ ÐBOC = 180° – 90° + Þ ÐE = ÐA.
2 2
ÐA 13. (1)
D
D E = 90° +
2
P
B C 11. (3) A

In D ADE and D ABC,


ÐD = ÐB; ÐE = ÐC
ÐA = ÐA Q T S R
\ Both triangles are similar. PS, is bisector of ÐQPR. B C
AD AE \ ÐQPS = ÐSPR .....(i) In DABC,
\ =
AB AC In DPQT, AB = AC
ÐPQT + ÐPTQ + ÐQPT = 180° Þ ÐACB = ÐABC ..... (i)
AB AC
Þ = Þ ÐPQT + 90° + ÐQPT = 180°
AD AE Now, AB = AD
Þ ÐPQT + ÐQPT = 90°
\ AD = AC
AB AC Þ ÐPQT = 90° – ÐQPT
Þ –1 = –1 In DADC,
AD AE Þ ÐQ = 90° – ÐQPT .....(ii)
In DPTR, AD = AC Þ ÐACD = ÐADC ....(ii)
BD EC By equations (i) + (ii),
Þ = ÐPRT + ÐTPR + ÐPTR = 180°
AD AE Þ ÐPRT + ÐTPR + 90° = 180° ÐACB + ÐACD = ÐABC + ÐADC
BD AD 1 Þ ÐPRT + ÐTPR = 90° Þ ÐBCD = ÐABC + ÐBDC
Þ = = Þ ÐBCD + ÐBCD
EC AE 3 Þ ÐPRT = 90° – ÐTPR ....(iii)
By equation (ii) – (iii), = ÐABC + ÐBDC + ÐBCD
9. (1) Sum of all angles of a traingle
= 180° ÐQ – ÐR = (90° – ÐQPT) – (90° – Þ 2 ÐBCD = 180°
\ Sum of ratios ÐTPR) Þ ÐBCD = 90°

SME–1103
GEOMETRY

14. (2) A In DABC, 1


ÐBAC + ÐABC + ÐACB = 180° Area of D ABC = × BC × AC =
2
Þ ÐBAC + 69° + 31° = 180°
F E Þ Ð BAC = 180° – 100° = 80° 1
Since angles in the same seg- ab
2
ment are equal.
1 1
\ ÐBDC = 80° \ cp = ab
C
2 2
B D
17. (2) E Þ cp = ab .... (i)
We know that the sum of any
Again, AB2 = BC2 + AC2
two sides of a triangle is greater
than twice the median bisecting C Þ c2 = a2 + b2
D
the third side. FG ab IJ 2
AD is the median on BC.
\ AB + AC > 2AD
Þ
HpK = a2 + b2

A B [From equation (i)]


Similarly, O
AB + BC > 2BE a 2b 2
BC + AC > 2CF Þ = a2 + b2
p2
On adding
AB + AC + AB + BC + BC + AC > In D OCD, 1 a 2 + b2
2AD + 2BE + 2CF OC = OD = CD Þ 2 =
\ D OCD is an equilateral tri-
p a 2b 2
Þ 2 (AB + BC + AC) > 2 (AD +
BE + CF) angle. 1 1
Þ AB+BC+AC > AD + BE + CF \ ÐCOD = 60° = +
b2 a2
P
15. (4) 1 19. (2)
Now, ÐCBD = ÐCOD
2 P
L A
O O' Þ ÐCBD = 30°
ÐACB is angle of semi-circle.
Q O T
\ ÐACB = 90° E
OP = 10 cm, O’P = 8 cm and PQ
Þ Ð BCE = 180° – ÐACB B
1 = 180° – 90° = 90° Q
= 12 cm ; PL = PQ In DBCE,
2 ÐOPT = 90°
= 6 cm ÐBCE = 90°, In DOPT,
In right angled D OLP, ÐCBE = ÐCBD = 30° OT2 = OP2 + PT2
\ ÐBCE + ÐCBE + ÐCEB Þ 132 = 52 + PT2
OL = OP 2 – LP2 = 180° Þ PT2 = 169 – 25 = 144
Þ 90° + 30° + ÐCEB = 180°
= 102 – 62 Þ ÐCEB = 180° – 120° = 60° Þ PT = 144 = 12 cm.
Þ Ð AEB = 60° Tangents drawn from an exter-
= 64 = 8 cm 18. (3)
nal point on a circle are equal.
In DO'LP,
A \ AP = AE = x (let)
O' P2 = O'L2 + LP2
Þ AT = PT – AP = (12 – x) cm
Þ O'L = O' P2 – LP2 OE ^ AB
Þ ÐOEA = 90°
= 82 – 6 2 =
28 = 5.29 cm
Þ Ð AET = 90°
\ OO' = OL + LO' = 8 + 5.29 = c
D b \ AT2 = AE2 + ET2
13.29 cm
Þ (12–x)2 = x2 + (13–5)2
16. (1) D Þ 144 – 24x + x2 = x2 + 64
Þ 24x = 80
A 80 10
Þ x= = cm
B a C 24 3
10
1 Similarly, BE = cm
Area of D ABC = × AB × CD = 3
2
B C 20
1 \ AB = AE + BE = cm
cp 3
2

SME–1104