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prop_design_example.

xls

PROPELLER DESIGN USING WAGENINGEN B SERIES

Design a propeller for a bulk-carrier with the following details

LBP(m) = 135.34 m
B(m) = 19.3 m
T(m) = 9.16 m
CB= 0.704
VS(service) (knot) = 15 knots
δV = 1
Trial speed range= 2
Sea margin = 1.2
AE/A0 ?
Z 4

SOLUTION STAGE 1

VS RT PE(trial) PE(service)
(knots) kN kW kW
13.7 281.9528 1987 2384.4
14.75 337.9287 2564 3076.8
15.8 413.0411 3357 4028.4
16.86 523.4767 4540 5448
17.91 648.4383 5974 7168.8

y = 135.16x 2 - 3327.5x + 22214


8000

7000

6000

5000

Trial Power
4000 Service Power
Poly. (Trial Power)
3000

2000

1000

0
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Maximum permissible propeller diameter = 0.6 T


Maximum continous power at= 0.85
relative-rotative efficiency ηR = 1
shaft transmission efficiency ηS = 0.98
Propeller diameter behind hull Dmax=DB = 5.496 5.5 m

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prop_design_example.xls

w= 0.304
t= 0.214
open water diameter D 0=DB/0.95 5.79 m

AE (1 .3 + 0 .3 Z )T
= +K Keller's formula
A0 ( P0 − PV ) D 2
RT= 434.3604 kN at Vs=16 knots
T=RT/(1-t)= 552.6214 kN
h=D/2+0.2 (height of shaft centre-line above base)
2
Atmospheric pressure, Patm= 101300 N/m 2 101300 N/m
2 2
Vapour pressure of water at 15 °C, PV= 1646 N/m 1646 N/m
H= T-h 6.212 m
2
P0=Patm+ρgH 163763.2 N/m
K= 0.2 for single screw
AE/A0 0.482127
Wageningen B-4.55 propeller chosen

VS(trial) = 16 knots
PE(trial) = 3574.96 3575 kW
Assume ηD = 0.7
PD =PE/ηD 5107.143 5107 kW
VA = VS(trial) (1-w) 11.136 knots
1/2 2.5
Bp=1.158(NxPD /VA )
δ=3.2808(NxD0/VA)

To find out rpm, select a range of propeller rpm, e.g. N=80~120 rpm, and calculate B p-δ
and read-off propeller efficiency, ηo at corresponding Bp-δ from the diagram:

N(rpm) Bp δ ηο
assumed
80 15.99796 136.3527 0.62
90 17.9977 153.3968 0.624
100 19.99744 170.4408 0.626
110 21.99719 187.4849 0.622
120 23.99693 204.529 0.605

0.63

0.625

0.62

0.615

0.61
y = -1E-08x4 + 4E-06x3 - 0.0005x2 + 0.0282x + 0.006
0.605

0.6
80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125

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prop_design_example.xls

Optimum N 100 RPM


maximum η0 0.626

ηD=ηhηRη0=(1-t/1-w)ηRη0 0.707

∈=ηDcalculated - ηDpreviuos 0.007 if it is > 0.005 go back to "assume ηD" and select new value
until it is 0.005
Let's assume that η D is converged
Brake power PB=(PE/ηDηS) 5160 kW

Installed maximum continous power =P B/0.85 6070.696844 6071 kW

Delivered power PD=PBηS 5056.89 kW

Therefore Bp= 19.89882


δ= 161.9188

From Bp-δ diagram at [19.89,161.92] read-off P b/DB 1


Mean face pitch= 5.50 m

Stage 2 Engine selection


calculated optimum rpm 100
Brake power(85% MCR) 5160 kW
Installed power(100% MCR) 6071 kW

Engine MAN B&W 4S60MC


N rpm Engine Power
L1 105 8160
L2 105 5200
L4 79 3920 100 5160
L3 79 6160 70 5160
79 6160 100 6071
105 8160 70 6071

NoptimumPower
100 5160 85% MCR
100 6071 100%MCR

9000
8000
7000
Power (kWs)

6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110
N (RPM)

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prop_design_example.xls

STAGE 3 Prediction of performance in service


Prediction of the ship speed and propeller rate of rotation in service with the engine 85% of MCR

w in service= 1.1 w in trial 0.3344


ηD (assumed) 0.7
PD=PBηS 5056.89 kW
PE=PDηD 3539.823 kW

From PE(service) vs VS curve at 3539.82 kW obtain Vs(service)


VS(service) = 15.3 knots

y = 162.19x 2 - 3993x + 26656


8000

7000 V PE
15.31 3539.873
6000 15.25 3482.062

5000

4000 Trial Power


Service Power
3000 Poly. (Service Power)

2000

1000

0
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

VA=VS(1-w) 10.18368 knots


Bp = 0.248822 xN
δ B= 1.770605 xN

For a range of N's


N Bp δB
80 19.90575 141.6484
90 22.39396 159.3545
100 24.88218 177.0605
110 27.3704 194.7666
120 29.85862 212.4726

read-off η0 @ intersection of Bp-δ curve with Pb/DB


η0 0.583
ηD 0.688
ηDassumed-ηDcalculated 0.012 if this difference is less than 0.005 there is no need for iteration
Let's assume that η D is converged
PE(service)=PDηDlast 3481.459 kW

From PE(service) vs VS curve at PE(service) read-off Vs(service)

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prop_design_example.xls

VS(service) = 15.25 knots

From Bp-δ diagram at above intersection point read-off Bp-δ


Bp 24
δ 174

VA 10.1504 knots

N=(δVA/(3.2808D))
N(service) 97.95 rpm

Therefore @ 85% MCR vessel's service speeed, V S =15.25 knots N=97.95 rpm

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prop_design_example.xls

STAGE 4. Determination of the blade surface area & B.A.R. (Cavitation control)

h=D/2+0.2 (height of shaft centre-line above base)


2
Atmospheric pressure, Patm= 101300 N/m 2 101300 N/m
2
Vapour pressure of water at 15 °C, PV= 1646 N/m 2 1646 N/m

For Trial condition

T= 9.16 m
PD = 5056.89 kW
N= 100 rpm
VA = 11.136 knots
P/D = 1
η0 0.626
H= T-h 6.212 m
2
qT=0.5VR2=0.5[VA2+(0.7πnD) ]
2
Dynamic pressure qT 224777.6 N/m
2
P0-Pv 162117.2 N/m

Cavitation number σR=(P0-Pv)/qT 0.721234

Referring to Burrill's diagram for upper limit @ σR, the load coefficient, τc is read-off from fig. 4 as:
τc 0.225

By definition

T/Ap=τcqT = 50574.96
T=PDη0ηR/VA 552621.4 N ηB=PT/PD=TVA/PD=η0ηR
2
Ap=T/(τcqT) 10.92678 m

Developed area from Taylor's relationship


2
AD=Ap/(1.067-0.229xP/D) 13.03911 m

Blade Area Ratio AD ≈ AE


2
BAR= AE/(πD /4) 0.55

Selected BAR=0.55
Calculated BAR=0.55
Calculated BAR=0.55 <= Selected BAR=0.55 Therefore propeller will have low risk of cavitation

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