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prop_design_example.

xls

PROPELLER DESIGN USING WAGENINGEN B SERIES

Design a propeller for a bulk-carrier with the following details

LBP(m) = 135.34 m
B(m) = 19.3 m
T(m) = 9.16 m
CB= 0.704
VS(service) (knot) = 15 knots
δV = 1
Trial speed range= 2
Sea margin = 1.2
AE/A0 ?
Z 4

SOLUTION STAGE 1

VS RT PE(trial) PE(service)
(knots) kN kW kW
13.7 281.9528 1987 2384.4
14.75 337.9287 2564 3076.8
15.8 413.0411 3357 4028.4
16.86 523.4767 4540 5448
17.91 648.4383 5974 7168.8

y = 135.16x 2 - 3327.5x + 22214
8000

7000

6000

5000

Trial Power
4000 Service Power
Poly. (Trial Power)
3000

2000

1000

0
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Maximum permissible propeller diameter = 0.6 T
Maximum continous power at= 0.85
relative-rotative efficiency ηR = 1
shaft transmission efficiency ηS = 0.98
Propeller diameter behind hull Dmax=DB = 5.496 5.5 m

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7 PD =PE/ηD 5107.62 0.143 5107 kW VA = VS(trial) (1-w) 11.0005x2 + 0.529 0.214 open water diameter D 0=DB/0. and calculate B p-δ and read-off propeller efficiency.62 90 17.482127 Wageningen B-4.626 110 21.2 for single screw AE/A0 0.006 0.3604 kN at Vs=16 knots T=RT/(1-t)= 552.63 0.3 Z )T = +K Keller's formula A0 ( P0 − PV ) D 2 RT= 434.2808(NxD0/VA) To find out rpm.622 120 23. PV= 1646 N/m 1646 N/m H= T-h 6. prop_design_example. ηo at corresponding Bp-δ from the diagram: N(rpm) Bp δ ηο assumed 80 15.624 100 19.0.3968 0. select a range of propeller rpm.4408 0.304 t= 0.2 (height of shaft centre-line above base) 2 Atmospheric pressure.605 0. e.5 Bp=1.99719 187.99744 170.3527 0.3 + 0 .605 0.xls w= 0.6214 kN h=D/2+0.2 N/m K= 0.6 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 Page 2 .9977 153. Patm= 101300 N/m 2 101300 N/m 2 2 Vapour pressure of water at 15 °C.g. N=80~120 rpm.95 5.212 m 2 P0=Patm+ρgH 163763.615 0.4849 0.55 propeller chosen VS(trial) = 16 knots PE(trial) = 3574.96 3575 kW Assume ηD = 0.99693 204.0282x + 0.61 y = -1E-08x4 + 4E-06x3 .158(NxPD /VA ) δ=3.625 0.79 m AE (1 .99796 136.136 knots 1/2 2.

707 ∈=ηDcalculated .007 if it is > 0.005 Let's assume that η D is converged Brake power PB=(PE/ηDηS) 5160 kW Installed maximum continous power =P B/0. prop_design_example.161.9188 From Bp-δ diagram at [19.50 m Stage 2 Engine selection calculated optimum rpm 100 Brake power(85% MCR) 5160 kW Installed power(100% MCR) 6071 kW Engine MAN B&W 4S60MC N rpm Engine Power L1 105 8160 L2 105 5200 L4 79 3920 100 5160 L3 79 6160 70 5160 79 6160 100 6071 105 8160 70 6071 NoptimumPower 100 5160 85% MCR 100 6071 100%MCR 9000 8000 7000 Power (kWs) 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 N (RPM) Page 3 .626 ηD=ηhηRη0=(1-t/1-w)ηRη0 0.89 kW Therefore Bp= 19.85 6070.89.xls Optimum N 100 RPM maximum η0 0.005 go back to "assume ηD" and select new value until it is 0.696844 6071 kW Delivered power PD=PBηS 5056.ηDpreviuos 0.92] read-off P b/DB 1 Mean face pitch= 5.89882 δ= 161.

3344 ηD (assumed) 0.7666 120 29.688 ηDassumed-ηDcalculated 0.459 kW From PE(service) vs VS curve at PE(service) read-off Vs(service) Page 4 .18368 knots Bp = 0.0605 110 27.31 3539.1 w in trial 0.89 kW PE=PDηD 3539.583 ηD 0.873 6000 15.3704 194.3 knots y = 162.39396 159. (Service Power) 2000 1000 0 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 VA=VS(1-w) 10. prop_design_example.012 if this difference is less than 0.xls STAGE 3 Prediction of performance in service Prediction of the ship speed and propeller rate of rotation in service with the engine 85% of MCR w in service= 1.7 PD=PBηS 5056.88218 177.19x 2 .062 5000 4000 Trial Power Service Power 3000 Poly.85862 212.25 3482.770605 xN For a range of N's N Bp δB 80 19.823 kW From PE(service) vs VS curve at 3539.6484 90 22.82 kW obtain Vs(service) VS(service) = 15.90575 141.3993x + 26656 8000 7000 V PE 15.005 there is no need for iteration Let's assume that η D is converged PE(service)=PDηDlast 3481.4726 read-off η0 @ intersection of Bp-δ curve with Pb/DB η0 0.248822 xN δ B= 1.3545 100 24.

1504 knots N=(δVA/(3.25 knots From Bp-δ diagram at above intersection point read-off Bp-δ Bp 24 δ 174 VA 10. V S =15.xls VS(service) = 15.2808D)) N(service) 97.95 rpm Page 5 . prop_design_example.25 knots N=97.95 rpm Therefore @ 85% MCR vessel's service speeed.

212 m 2 qT=0. (Cavitation control) h=D/2+0.92678 m Developed area from Taylor's relationship 2 AD=Ap/(1. prop_design_example.89 kW N= 100 rpm VA = 11.2 (height of shaft centre-line above base) 2 Atmospheric pressure.2 N/m Cavitation number σR=(P0-Pv)/qT 0. PV= 1646 N/m 2 1646 N/m For Trial condition T= 9.626 H= T-h 6.xls STAGE 4.55 Calculated BAR=0.229xP/D) 13.55 Selected BAR=0.R.6 N/m 2 P0-Pv 162117.4 N ηB=PT/PD=TVA/PD=η0ηR 2 Ap=T/(τcqT) 10.7πnD) ] 2 Dynamic pressure qT 224777.136 knots P/D = 1 η0 0.96 T=PDη0ηR/VA 552621.55 Therefore propeller will have low risk of cavitation Page 6 .55 <= Selected BAR=0. Determination of the blade surface area & B.067-0. Patm= 101300 N/m 2 101300 N/m 2 Vapour pressure of water at 15 °C. 4 as: τc 0.A.5[VA2+(0.5VR2=0.225 By definition T/Ap=τcqT = 50574. τc is read-off from fig.16 m PD = 5056.55 Calculated BAR=0.721234 Referring to Burrill's diagram for upper limit @ σR.03911 m Blade Area Ratio AD ≈ AE 2 BAR= AE/(πD /4) 0. the load coefficient.

prop_design_example.xls Page 7 .