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Azurdia Danniela

Mrs. O’Dowd

Anatomy/ Physiology

24 February 2019

Disease Prompt 1 Essay

Through all life’s forms, there is a contribution to the wellness of one’s body. Inclusively,

lifestyle, culture, diet and society also contributes to diseases in our country. A disease is a

disorder of structure or function, an abnormal condition in an organism that produces signs or

symptoms that is not simply a direct physical injury. Specific diseases in our society that are

considered preventable and impact overall wellness would be diabetes, cardiovascular disease,

and chronic kidney disease.

Primarily, diabetes is a disease which the body’s ability to create or respond to the

hormone insulin is impaired. People living with the disease have evaluated the levels of

carbohydrates, typically aware of food intake of carbohydrates. Insulin is a hormone produced by

the pancreas by the islets of Langhans and regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. There

are two types of the disease, type one diabetes does not produce insulin while type two diabetes

does not respond to insulin and later on does not make enough. Overall wellness effected is

physically usually overweight and mentally negative or depressed from an unhealthy diet or

worry to long-term health. With physical wellness the production of producing insulin is

unbalanced and affects body to produce insulin. Diabetes has not always been prevalent as for

the United States; in the year 1980, 5.8 millions of people have been diagnosed but there are 17.9
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million today. Particularly in the U.S. as the country with the most obese population, the large

body weight risks the individual to be diagnosed. This is not the case everywhere, diabetes could

be diagnosed possibly through genetics or to an unhealthy lifestyle, particularly eating much

sugar which increased one’s body weight. Diabetes somewhat involves nutrition and exercise as

part of that prevention due to the chances increasing when overweight. Nutrition and exercise is

not completely the prevention of being diagnosed with diabetes because some chances of being

diagnosed is genetic. From my personal experience, I live with several family members who

have this disease, being genetic, which could have made me susceptible. Since these members of

my family are catiouse of their food intake to regulate their sugar levels, their diet contributes to

my diet being similar. The social and culture influences of food intake does affect how an

individual or a family could risk being preventative from the disease especially with the example

o the lifestyle in the US. Many culture and socio-economic risk and are unable to prevent being

diagnosed with this disease. Maintaining a diet with all the nutritional components needed for

one’s body with not an excessive amount of carbohydrates or sugar could possibly prevent one

being diagnosed.

Furthermore, cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to conditions that involve blocked or

narrowed blood vessels that can lead to heart attacks, strokes, or chest pain. Other conditions that

affects the heart’s rhythm or valves are also considered be forms of heart disease. The term

generally means damage of the heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis, a buildup of fatty

plaques in the arteries that thicken and stiffen the walls which can inhibit blood flow to organs

and tissues. This disease could be considered preventable to factors that increase the risk such as
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an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight, and smoking. However, genetic factors of

heart related conditions likely play a role. Mental wellness that is affected from cardiovascular

disease is linked with having depression and anxiety. Having this disease can affect your attitude

and mood and future anxiety to long-term health. As previously mentioned, diet and food intake

contributes and plays a large factor of prevention to this disease as well. Saturated and trans fats

increase cholesterol rates which contributes to heart production. Nutrition and exercise therefore,

reduces the chance of having a heart disease and supports regulation of cholesterol. Through my

culture, diet, and lifestyle, I am not much likely to be susceptible to this disease because

genetically, in my family heart failure or heart contributed disease is not at all a factor, as well, I

do not obtain a very irregular or too high of one group of food, that contributes to negatively

affecting my heart. Having a well diet, and exercise is a factor in whichever culture could

prevent the risk of having this disease.

Moreover, chronic kidney disease, (CKD) means the damage of the kidneys, unable to

filter blood normally with main risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease,

and a family history of kidney failure. As for physical wellness, there is a decrease in physical

activity do to poor healthy lifestyle yet fitness improves one with chronic kidney disease.

Chronic disease is considered partially preventable since usually caused by heart disease and

diabetes however is not with family history with this disease. Following a proper lifestyle with

food maintenance and physical awareness and activity will reduce chances of having this disease.

Usually society and culture affects what one eats which is a major contribution of being healthy
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or not from one’s food intake. Connecting with my health, lifestyle, and diet I am not considered

prone to be diagnosed with this disease since I do not have a major issue of extreme harmful

quantities for my food intake such as in carbohydrates and sugar. Also, genetically there is no

issues involving kidney disease passed down. The major socio-economic or cultural issue that

risks people to have chronic kidney disease would be their food intake, the excessive amounts,

and lack of care for their physical wellness.

Consequently, specific diseases that our society that are considered preventable and

impact our overall wellness involve diabetes, cardiovascular disease ,and chronic kidney disease.

Diabetes is a disease which the body’s ability to create or respond to the hormone insulin is

impaired. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to conditions that involve blocked or narrowed

blood vessels that can lead to heart attacks, strokes, or chest pain. Chronic kidney disease,

(CKD) means the damage of the kidneys, unable to filter blood normally with main risk factors

such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and a family history of kidney failure.

Overall wellness all contribute to our future long-term result being at risk or prone to diseases

and being able to view our own health.


Bibliography

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2859227/

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health.../kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd 

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/heart-disease-and-food 

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/.../heart-disease-and-mental-health

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/symptoms.../syc-20353118