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UNDERSTANDING THE NORMAL CURVE DISTRIBUTION

C2 Lesson1

Objectives

AT THE END OF THIS LESSON, YOU ARE EXPECTED TO:

1. understand the concept of the normal curve distribution;


2. ˑ state and illustrate the properties of a normal curve distribution;
3. ˑ sketch the graph of a normal distribution; and
4. ˑ recognize the importance of the normal curve in statistical inference:

Normal Curve- mathematical formula that assign probability to the occurrence of events.

Ex. Events in real life that generate random variables to approximate the shape of a bell.

1. The heights of large number of seedlings that we see in fields normally consist of a few tall ones,
and most of them having heights in between tall and short.

2. The test administered to a class of 100 students, there will be a few high scores, as well as a few
low scores.

If a distribution consists of a very large number of cases and the three measures of averages (mean,
median and mode) are equal, then the distribution is symmetrical and the skewness is 0.

A standard Normal Curve is a normal probability distribution that has a mean=0 and a standard
deviation=1.

The normal curve has a very important role in inferential statistics. It provides a graphical representation
of statistical values that are needed in describing the characteristics of populations as well as in making
decisions. It is defined by an equation that uses the population mean, µ and the standard deviation, σ.
Properties of the Normal Probability Distribution

The normal probability distribution has the following properties:

1. The distribution curve is bell-shaped.

2. The curve is symmetrical about its center.

3. The mean, median, and the mode coincide at the center.

4. The width of the curve is determined by the standard deviation of the distribution.

5. the tails of the curve flatten out indefinitely along the horizontal axis, always approaching the
axis but never touching it. That is, the curve is asymptotic to the base line.

6. the area under the curve is 1. Thus, it represents the probability or proportion or the
percentage associated with specific sets of measurement values.

The Standard Normal Curve

A standard normal curve is a normal probability distribution that has a mean µ=0 and a
standard deviation σ=1.
Four Step Process in Finding the Areas Under the Normal Curve Given a z-Value

Step 1. express the given z-value into the three digit form.

Step 2 . Using the z-Table, find the first two digits on the left column.

Step 3. match the third digit with the appropriate column on the right.

Step 4. Read the area (or probability) at the intersection of the row and the column. This is the required
area.

Ex1. Find the area that corresponds to z=1

2. Find the area that corresponds to z= 1.36

3. Find the area that corresponds to z=-2.58

Test 1. Determine whether the statement is true or false.

1. The areas under a probability distribution correspond to the probabilities of a random variable
x.

2. A probability distribution is generated by frequencies.

3. The areas under the curve corresponds to all probabilities of X.

4. Test 1. Determine whether the statement is true or false.


5. The areas under a probability distribution correspond to the probabilities of a random variable
x.

6. A probability distribution is generated by frequencies.

7. The areas under the curve corresponds to all probabilities of X.

Test II:

1. The curve of a probability distribution is formed by __________.

2. The area under a normal curve is _____.

3. The important values the best describe the normal curve are________.

4. there are ___ standard deviation units at the baseline of a normal curve.

5. The curve of a normal distribution extends indefinitely at the tails but does not _____.

6. The are under a normal curve may also be expressed in terms of _____or ____ or ___.

7. The mean, median, and the mode of a normal curve are ________.

8. A normal curve is used in ________.

9. About ______% of a score distribution is between z=0 and z=1.

10. The skewness of a normal is 0 because it is a _________ shape.

Test III- Find the corresponding area between z=0 and each of the ff.

1. Z= 0.96
2. Z=1.74
3. Z= 2.18
4. Z= 2.69
5. Z= 3.00

EXIT CARD:

1. In this lesson, I learned


about_________________________________________________.
2. I can use these
concepts________________________________________________________________.
3. These are very important
because_________________________________________________________________.
4. I understand
that____________________________________________________________________.
5. I can use the basic concept of this topic in my day- to- day activities
by_____________________________________________________________________.