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AN EFFICIENT APPROACH FOR SEGMENTATION

AND CLASSIFICATION OF PANCREAS TUMOR USING


CLUSTERING APPROCH
Cancer is usually characterized as a heterogeneous disease with different
types and subtypes. Cancer is not a single disease, but rather many related
diseases that involve uncontrolled cellular growth and reproduction. It is one of
the leading causes of death in the developed world and second in the
developing world, almost a million people around the globe are losing the fight
against cancer every year. The early diagnosis and prognosis of a cancer type
have become inexorable in cancer research, as it can facilitate the quality of life
of patients. Pancreas cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors with
the highest morbidity and mortality, which is a considerable threat to people's
health and life [1]. Advanced Pancreas cancer is likely to metastasize, which
may lead to corresponding symptoms in patients with great pain, and are even
life-threatening. This phenomenon is referred to as the distant metastasis of this
cancer, which is represented by the M staging in the TNM staging system.
Computed Tomography (CT) imaging is a widely used method for the
evaluation of tumor prognosis. The previous system designed a clinical and
radiomic features based feature extraction and Support Vector Machine (SVM)
with Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) methods for diagnosis of distant
metastasis of cancer. Feature Selection Via concave minimization (FSV) was
used to select effective features.

Drawbacks

 The use of the CT image is non enhanced; there is no enhancement of


the image or any obvious features.
 It has only less result of classification accuracy
 Efficient segmentation method is required to improve the prediction
accuracy

Work 1 Proposed system

1. The CT images of patients is taken as an input


2. Pre-processing
 Adaptive median filtering is used to reduce the noises in these
images
3. Segmentation
Segmentation is performed by using modified Markov Random
Field (MRF) model.
4. Feature extraction
The following features are extracted
 A complete cancer tumor radiomic features set included its
volume, texture Gabor and wavelet features.
 The patient's clinical characteristics were added as reference
features, including the patient's age, smoking status, tumor
classification, and T and N staging
5. Feature selection
 GLCM is used to select an efficient feature. It has a strong ability
to find the most optimistic results for optimal design.
6. Classification

 SVM with the SGD method is utilized for classification

Advantages

 High classification accuracy


 High precision and recall

Lower computational complexity

Work 2 Proposed:

1. CT images are taken as an input.


2. Adaptive median filtering is used to reduce the noises in these images.
3. After elimination of blurring and noise and increasing contrast,
morphological operations are used for revealing details in
enhancement operations.
4. After the morphological operations, region of interest is extracted based
on the segmentation.
 Segmentation is performed by using Region Based Neural
Networks
5. Edge detection using Improved canny edge detector
 Canny's aim was to discover the optimal edge detection algorithm
which reduces the probability of detecting false edge, and gives
sharp edges.
6. Feature extraction
The following features are extracted
 A complete cancer tumor radiomic features set included its
volume, texture Gabor and wavelet features.
 The patient's clinical characteristics were added as reference
features, including the patient's age, smoking status, tumor
classification, and T and N staging
7. Classification
 Enhanced Transductive Support Vector Machines (ETSVM) is
utilized for classification

Advantages

 High classification accuracy


 High precision and recall
 Lower computational complexity