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International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science (IJAEMS) [Vol-5, Issue-2, Feb-2019]

https://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijaems.5.2.7 ISSN: 2454-1311

Experimental Study on Partial Replacement of


Sugarcane Bagasse Ash in Cement
Chandru.G1, Vignesh.V2, Dr. Saravanan.R3
1, 2 Engineer,
Thanjavur, MIET Engineering College, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India.
Professor & Head, Department of civil Engineering, MIET Engineering College, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract— This project mainly deals with the that would potentially be used as a cement replacement
replacement of cement with Bagasse ash in fixed material.
proportions. Bagasse ash partially replaced in the ratio of
0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%by weight of cement in four
different experiment to find out maximum compressive
strength and tensile strength compare it with the strength
of normal concrete by using grade M-20 at 7days and 28
days. The test result indicate that the strength of concrete
increase up to 20% Sugar cane bagasse ash replacement
with cement.
Keywords— Ordinary Portland cement, Sugarcane
bagasse ash, M-20 Conventional concrete, Compressive
Fig.1: Sugarcane Bagasse
strength, tensile strength.

Table .1: Physical properties of sugarcane bagasse ash


I. INTRODUCTION
Properties
A lot of hazards are done to environment in the
manufacture of cement. It involves lot of carbon emission Specific gravity 1.89
associated with other chemicals. Density 2.52g/cm3
Sugar Cane Bagasse Ash is difficult to dispose
which in return is environmental Hazard. The Bagasse ash Particle size 5140cm2 /g
imparts high early strength to concrete and also reduce the Surface area 28.9µm
permeability of concrete. The Silica present in the
colour Reddish grey
Bagasse ash reacts with components of cement during
hydration and imparts additional properties such as
chloride resistance, corrosion resistance etc. Table.2: Chemical Components of sugarcane bagasse ash
Therefore the use of Bagasse ash in concrete not Chemical Residual bagasse ash
only reduces the environmental pollution but also composition (% )
enhances the properties of concrete and also reduces the SiO2 65.37
cost. It makes the concrete more durable. Al2O3 0.22
Fe2O3 5.98
II. MATERIALS
This experimentation were locally available CaO 1.50
materials are used. It includes ordinary Portland cement LOI 21.04
and sugarcane bagasse ash as a binding material, fine
aggregates, and coarse aggregates. Normal water was
2.2 CEMENT
used for mixing and curing of entire work.
In this present study 53 grade Ordinary Portland
2.1 SUGARCANE BAGASSE ASH (SCBA)
Cement (OPC) is used for all concrete mixes. The cement
Bagasse is a by-product from sugar industries
used is fresh and without any lumps. The specific gravity,
which is burnt to generate power required for different
normal consistency, initial and final setting time of
activities in the factory. The burning of bagasse leaves
cement was found as per Indian standard specifications.
bagasse ash as a waste, which has a pozzolanic property

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International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science (IJAEMS) [Vol-5, Issue-2, Feb-2019]
https://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijaems.5.2.7 ISSN: 2454-1311
Table.3: Physical properties OPC and SCBA cement Hence cement was replaced by bagasse ash at
Properties OPC SCBA cement various percentage of replacement 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%,
Specific gravity 3.15 2.97 and 20% by weight of cement and 150x150x150mm cube
Initial setting time 90 min 90 min casting. Water content 0.50, Fine aggregate 1.42 parts ,
Final setting time 210 min 210 min and coarse aggregate 3.09 parts.
Consistency 31.5% 30% Table .7: Mix proportion
Based on the comparison between OPC cement Cement Sugarcane
and SCBA the properties of OPC does not changes due to Types (kg) bagasse ash
the addition of SCBA, and it also enhance the properties (kg)
of OPC and reduce its quantity. Type I (0%) 1 0
2.3 FINE AGGREGATE Type II (5%) 0.95 0.05
The sand used in this present study is ordinary river sand. Type III (10%) 0.90 0.10
The sand passing through 4.75 mm size sieve is used in Type IV (15%) 0.85 0.15
the preparation of concrete mix. Type V (20%) 0.80 0.20
Table.4: Physical properties of Fine aggregate
Properties The mix was prepared manually. First all the dry
Specific gravity 2.63 ingredients are mixed thoroughly such as cement,
Fines modulus 2.58 sugarcane bagasse ash, fine aggregate, coarse aggregates
Density 1754.3kg/m3 mixed by adding water after it makes uniform mixture.
2.4 COARSE AGGREGATE 4.2 PLACING AND COMPACTING
The crushed aggregates used were 20mm Moulds are properly cleaned and oiled. The fresh
nominal maximum size and are tested as per Indian concrete filled into the moulds in three layers each layers
standards and results are within the permissible limit. are damped at 25 blows. The entrapped air in concrete is
Table.5: Physical properties of Coarse aggregate removed by using vibrator. After the compaction, the
Properties excess mortar was removed from the mould within the
help of trowel and the surface was levelled.
Specific gravity 2.71
4.3 REMOULDING AND CURING
Density 1692.3kg/m3 After placing it was allowed to set for 24 hours.
2.5 WATER Samples were removed and it was marked. Concrete
Mixing water should not contain undesirable samples now kept in curative tank for required time of 7
organic substances or inorganic constituents in excessive days, 14 days, 28 days after that time, concrete samples
proportions. In this project clean potable water is used. from curative tank.
The pH value should not be less than 7. 4.4 TESTING
After curing the concrete sample were taken to
III. PROCEDURE remove excess water content for the sample. The samples
3.1 BATCHING are tested.
Weight batching was done as per mix proportion.
Weight batching facilitates simplicity flexibility and V. TEST ON CONCRETE
accuracy. 5.1 FRESH CONCRETE TEST
3.2 MIXING 5.1.1 SLUMP CONE TEST
Hand mixing was done as per mix proportion. The slump test is used to measure workability of
fresh concrete. More specifically, it measures the
IV. MIX PROPORTION consistency of the concrete. Slump for conventional
4.1 MIX PROPORTION concrete 21.
The mixture proportioning was done according Table.8: Slump cone
the Indian Standard Recommended Method IS Types Slump
10262:2009. The target mean strength was 27MPa for (mm)
OPC control mixture. Type I (0%) 21
Table.6: Mix proportion Type II (5%) 25
Water Cement Fine Coarse Type III (10%) 27
content aggregate aggregate Type IV (15%) 24
191.6 383(kg) 546(kg) 1187(kg)
Type V 20%) 23
0.50 1 1.42 3.09

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International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science (IJAEMS) [Vol-5, Issue-2, Feb-2019]
https://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijaems.5.2.7 ISSN: 2454-1311
5.2 HARDENED CONCRETE TEST Khare1, Mohd. Afaque Khan, Neeti Mishra, PG
5.2.1 COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH TEST Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Babu
Compressive strength test of the cube was Banarsi Das University, U.P.
carried out universal test in machine (UTM).The load [2] Experimental Study on Bagasse Ash in Concrete
applied on specimen uniformly, without any shocks up to R.Srinivasan Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil
the specimen fails. Engineering, Tamilnadu College of Engineering, K.
Table.9: Compressive strength results Sathiya Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering,
7 28 Avinashilingam University for Women,Coimbatore-
Types Days Days 641108.
(N/mm2) (N/mm2) [3] Utilization Of Sugarcane Bagasse ash(SCBA) In
Type I (0%) 13.80 21.50 Concrete By Partial Replacement of Cement Dr.
Type II (5%) 9.50 14.15 M. Vijaya Sekhar Reddy, K.Ashalatha, M.Madhuri,
Type II (10%) 11.45 15.65 P.Sumalatha, Head and Assistant Professor ,
Type IV (15%) 15.12 17.83 Department of Civil Engineering ,
Type V (20%) 16.03 20.03 Srikalahasteeswara Institute of Technology,
Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh, India.
5.2.1 SPLIT TENSILE TEST [4] Effect of sugarcane bagasse ash on strength
Split tensile test of the cylinder was carried out properties of concrete K. Lakshmi Priya1, R.
universal test in machine (UTM).The load applied on Ragupathy, M.E., Structural Engineering,
specimen uniformly, without any shocks up to the Department of Civil Engineering, PSG College of
specimen fails. A set of three cylinders are tested for each Technology, Coimbatore, India.
concrete mix for 7 days, 14 days, and 28 days of curing. [5] Partially Replacement of Cement by Bagasse
The maximum load taken by specimen was noted for each Miss. Gadhave Kalyani , Miss. Jadhav Bhavana,
specimen. Average strength was calculated for every set Miss. Kadu Namrata4, Miss. Satav Neha, Miss.
of specimens was checked for cracks and aggregate Bande Vaishali, Civil Engineering, Pune University,
distribution. Maharashtra, India.
Table.10: Flexural strength results [6] Experimental Study On Bagasse Ash In Concrete,
7 28 T. Subramani , M. Prabhakaran, Professor & Dean,
Types Days Days Department of Civil Engineering, VMKV Engg.
(N/mm2) (N/mm2) College, Vinayaka Missions University, Salem,
Type I (0%) 1.50 3.54 India.
Type II (5%) 0.97 1.98 [7] Studies on partial replacement of cement by
bagasse ash in concrete Er. Shubham Srivastra
Type III (10%) 1.83 2.14
Er.puneet kumar shula Department of Civil
Type IV (15%) 2.14 3.06
Engineering Madan Mohan Malviya University of
Type V (20%) 2.50 3.20
Technology, Gorakhpur.India.
[8] Application of sugarcane bagasse ash as a partial
VI. CONCLUSION
cement replacement material Biruk hailu School of
The following conclusions are drawn from the study.
civil and environmental engineering Addis ababa
1) Sugarcane bagasse ash concrete performed better
university.
when compared to ordinary concrete up to 20%
[9] Experimental Study on Use of Sugar Cane
replacement of sugar cane bagasse ash.
Bagasse Ash in Concrete by Partially
2) Increase of strength is mainly to presence of high
Replacement with Cement Jayminkumar A. Patel,
amount of Silica in sugarcane bagasse ash.
Dr. D. B. Raijiwala P. G. Student, Department of
3) It also enhances the properties . It makes the
Applied Mechanics, S. V. National Institute of
concrete more durable.
Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.
4) Sugarcane bagasse ash added to the mixes rate in
[10] A study on bagasse ash replaced plain cement
cement reduced.
concrete Shruthi H R, Dr.H Eramma,Yashwanth M
5) Bagasse ash in concrete reduces the environmental
K,Keerthi gowda B S, University BDT College of
pollution.
Engineering, Davangere India.

REFERENCES
[1] Partial Replacement of Cement with Sugarcane
Bagasse Ash in Concrete: A Review Pragalbha

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