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Detection And Segmentation Of Small Renal Masses In Contrast

Enhanced Ct Images Using Texture

ABSTRACT
Renal Masses disease (nephrolithiasis) is a common problem amongst the
western population. Most Renal Masses s are small and pass spontaneously.
These patients often need no further treatment. However, some
nephrolithiasis patients develop large stones, which can cause significant
morbidity in the form of acute symptoms and chronic complications if they
are not treated. Yet effective treatment and prevention may eradicate the
disease completely to overcome this we proposed wavelet approach avoids
both log and exponential transform, considering the fully developed speckle
as additive signal-dependent noise with zero mean. The proposed method
throughout the wavelet transform has the capacity to combine the
information at different frequency bands and accurately measure the local
regularity of image features and watershed algorithm enhance the image in
the quality way and it classifies with the Neural network

INTRODUCTION
Renal Masses is a solid piece of material formed due to minerals in urine.
These stones are formed by combination of genetic and environmental
factors. It is also caused due to overweight, certain foods, some medication
and not drinking enough of water. Renal Masses affects racial, cultural and
geographical group. Many methods are used for diagnosing this Renal
Masses such as blood test, urine test, scanning. Scanning also differs in CT
scan, Ultrasound scan and Doppler scan. Now days a field of automation
came into existence which also being used in medical field. Rather many
common problems rose due to automatic diagnosis such as use of accurate
and correct result and also use of proper algorithms. Medical diagnosis
process is complex and fuzzy by nature. Among all methods soft computing
method called as neural network proves advantages as it will diagnosis the
disease by first learning and then detecting on partial basis In this paper two
neural network algorithms i.e Feature extraction and watershed are used for
detecting a Renal Masses . Firstly two algorithms are used for training the
data. The data in the form of blood reports of various persons having Renal
Masses is obtained for various hospitals, laboratories.

EXISTING SYSTEM
In Existing system we used Gabor filter and SVM classifier by that we wont
get appropriate accuracy and high complexity by that we cant find the
detection of stones in kidneys

PROPOSED SYSTEM
Here in proposed methodology we are using the median filter to improve
the quality of image by that we can see clearly without any noise we use
GLCM for feature extraction to extract the image and classifies with the
neural network whether to be known as effected or not.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

METHODOLOGY
 Discrete wavelet transform
 Watershed algorithm
 SFCM
 K-Means clustering
 Neural networks
ADVANTAGES
 Detect in intial stage
 High accuracy
 Low complexity
APPLICATIONS
 Biomedical
 Medical Image Testability

Hardware & Software Requirements:

Hardware:

1. 20 Gb Hard disc space

2. 1Mb RAM

Software :

1. Matlab 2013a

System Requirement:

1. Windows 7 (32 or 64 bit)

2. Windows 8 (32 or 64 bit)

3. Linux (Ubuntu)