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1) Why has the concept of ideology so often carried negative associations?

Ideology has in the past had densely negative meaning because generally people has used the
concept of ideology as a political weapon to punish and criticize. Moreover, ideology as a device of
social control to ensure obedience so people do lots of things with concept of ideology for example,
fascism a communism these treat ideology as a closed system. Ideologies refuses to accept
opposing idea and rival ideas.

2) Is it any longer possible to distinguish between liberalism and socialism ?

Although, liberalism believes individualism, socialism believes collectivism. Socialism defense that
economic developments and inequalities between classifications can manage with government.
Liberalism does not impose some rules like a socialism such as, justice and economic
developments. Socialism obliges individuals to submit to the law. However, liberalism is divided
into two classes. Classical and modern. Liberalism defense freedom and individualism. In addition,
socialists believe in the abolition of private property. Modern liberals do not. In my opinion this is
the most important difference between socialism and liberalism.

3) What circumstances are most conducive to the rise of fascism ?

There are lots of reasons to rise of fascism such as, collapse of communism, increased anxieties
over immigration and multiculturalism. Generally, fascism is the formation of a post war because
war leads to economic crisis and fascism cannot exist without economic crisis. Furthermore, the
fascist ideal is that of the new man; should be motivated by duty, give unquestioning obedience to
a supreme leader. Needs are significant for fascism because fascism occurs with demands.

4) Do anarchists demand the impossible ?

Anarchism's major goal, the abolishment of state and the establishment of a society governed by
morality individual, this is difficult because this idea it contradicts with human nature, which says
that human beings are selfish individuals who require authoritative government to maintain order.

5) Has marxism a future ?

In my opinion marxism based on future. Meaning of future is technology for instance, Paul
Goodman believed that technology could be conceived as a locally controlled system that
promoted popular education in the media or the reworking of cities as ecological systems, Such
utopian ideas, associated with anarchist and even Marxist thinkers, are usually relegated to the
dustbin in macro calculations of class, crisis, financial hegemony and big business profit making.

Cosmos: The cosmos is defined by the space and time


Demos: A rhetorical term for the ordinary citizens of an ancient Greek City State
Ethos: The character or disposition of a community, group, person so on.