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Islamiyat Assignment

Submitted by Zainab Shakil

Assignment: # 4
Topic: BROTHERHOOD
Date of submission: 10-1-2019
Name of student: Zainab Shakil
Submitted by:
Submitted to: Maam Samreen
Class/section: 10-caimbradge A
Total marks: 10 Marks obtained:
The concept of brotherhood is one of the fundamentals of Islam.as said in the holy Quran “The
believers are but brothers, so make reconciliation between your brothers and fear
Allah that you may receive mercy’ This concept was derived from Holy prophet(saw)
after hijrat to medina

The muhijirin were the people of mecca who migrated to medina on the order of holy prophet
when the quraish increased their torture. They had to come to medina empty handed and had left
all their possessions and property in Mecca.they had no source of income and were living a life
in extreme poverty and hunger. The prophet therefore instituted a pact of faith. When the Holy
Prophet (PBUH) arrived in Medina, he declared brotherhood between the Muhijirin and the
Ansar in the house of Hazrat Anas ibn Malik. There were ninety men – half of them from the
Muhijirin and half of them from the Ansar and the Holy Prophet (PBUH) declared brotherhood
between them in charity , and made them to inherit from each other in case of the death of any of
them, In two years, agreement ended when Muhajreen established their business but both of
them always treated each other as brother..

God the Glorious praised this unique sincerity, hospitability, gratitude, generosity, and self-
sacrifice which the Ansar showed to their immigrant brothers, declaring it in the following
Quranic verse: “But those who before them, had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the
Faith,- show their affection to such as came to them for refuge, and entertain no desire in
their hearts for things given to the (latter), but give them preference over themselves, even
though poverty was their (own lot). And those saved from the covetousness of their own
souls, - they are the ones that achieve prosperity.”
Islamiyat Assignment
Submitted by Zainab Shakil

The arrangement made by Prophet Muhammad to bond the muhjaririn and ansar into one single
brother is an ideal example of brotherhood for the Muslims to follow. Brotherhood between
Muhajreen and Ansaar is an example of sacrifice for each other. According to a Hadith Muslims
are “like a building of which each brick makes the other strong” This brotherhood increased
the political strength of a community as the Aus., Khazraj and Muhajreen became an
impregnable force. It also created a sense of self-respect because Muhajreen did not depend on
Ansar’s and only in two years, they were earning enough and did not need Ansar’s help.

One of the greatest blessings of Islam is its success in creating strong,warm,rich and durable
bonds of love and brotherhood between human beings which no other religions has ever dreamed
of. The entire world is a brotherhood of Allah’s people. With regard to brotherhood. Holy
prophet said “A believer to another believer is like a building whose one part enforces the
other part ”

The brotherhood of Muslims is a very deep and wide concept that guarantees the safety and the
wellbeing of the society at large” The believing men and believing women are allies of one
another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and
give charity and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have mercy upon them, for
Allah is Almighty and Wise. “Holy prophet himself stressed upon the idea of brotherhood he
said “The Muslims are like a single man. If the eye is afflicted, then the whole body is
afflicted. If the head is afflicted, then the whole body is afflicted.”

The feeling of brotherhood is an essential for unity.it shuts,turbulence, strife and dissension

After the migration to Medina, Prophet (saw) took the first immediate decision of building the
mosque. This shows that congregational prayer is a very important in the Muslim community.
Mosque is not only a center of worship but it is also a place of social gathering where Muslims
can solve their social problems. Most of the social problems were solved by the Prophet (saw)
when he was present in the mosque. Even the political matters were discussed in the mosque.
This promoted brotherhood amongst the Muslims. Mosque is also an education center where
religious and worldly education may be obtained. Even the ladies used to get education in the
mosque. They used to discuss their problems with the Prophet (saw) directly. All these practices
were followed by the Prophet (saw) in his mosque.

Azaan is a symbol of unity of the Muslims. It also invites us to come to mosque which is a place
of peace and unity. Every word of Azaan is worth understanding which gives us the lesson to be
answerable to God and be a good citizen

The brotherhood gives us the lesson that Muslims should help the other Muslims in every
possible way. In Muslim countries, poverty is common. In spite of different nationalities,
Islamiyat Assignment
Submitted by Zainab Shakil
Muslims should form a community system by which the Muslims of the other countries should
get help.

Besides financial help, Muslims should give protection to those Muslims who are facing
persecution in their countries. Recently, the Muslims of Burma were not even able to find a land
where they could settle. In these conditions, it is the responsibility of the entire Muslim
community and their governments to help their Muslim brothers. We can promote brotherhood
amongst the community for the sake of Allah and having a pure heart and should do good deeds
and should teach others to do good deeds and set an example of our character in the community,
we should pay zakat and help the poor and needy people.