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Phytochemistry-1 Delta University

Tutorial 1,
Faculty of Pharmacy
Carbohydrates
For Thirs Level Students Pharmacognosy
1 March, 2019 Department
Time : 20 min 1

Tutorial 1, Carbohydrates

For the drawn compound questions 1-5:


1. Classify this compound according to No. of carbon,
2. This sugar is D/ or L
3. What is the name (type) of this formula
4. Draw the Haworth projection formula for the 2 anomers

5. Draw the 3-epimer of this structure


6. (+) indicates -----
7.

Is this ( α or  ) D glucose

8. The change in the specific optical rotation until reaching a constant value is known
as …………. …….phenomenon

9. A sugar that not obey the hydrate role, but considered as carbohydrates, is …….

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10. What are the Function of Carbohydrates in Cells :
 …………………………………
 …………………………………
 …………………………………
 …………………………………

11. Stachyose is a type of ………..…, which upon hydrolysis gives …… ………….

12. Give short notes on Biosynthesis of Carbohydrate?

13-16.
13. All CHO are synthesized in plants in a process called …………………….
14. This process is divided into 2 main reactions:
a. the first reaction is named ………… ……………….. that responsible for ………
……… … ……… …………..
b. The second reaction is named ….. ……..…….. that responsible for …… …… ……
…………………………………………….

15. Draw the equation for this reaction:

16. Plant cell utilizes …………either as energy or as a building units to give ………

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17. Glucans are classified as …………., which upon hydrolysis gives ……….. and
could be exemplified by ……

18. Xylans: are classified as ….. ……….., which upon hydrolysis gives … …..

198. Polyuronides are classified as ……….... and exemplified by …….

20. Heating a sugar solution with conc HCl , and exposing the fumes to an aniline
acetate paper produced a red stains indicating a presence of ……… ….., due to
liberation of ……… ….

21. Heating methylpentoses with conc HCl produces ………….. , which is (volatile or
non volatile, choose), that produces with aniline acetate paper a ….. ….stain

22. Keeping glucose solution in akali results in its conversion to .......mannose and
fructosein....in a process termed ....... ……

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