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STROKE RISK FACTORS (ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, HYPERTENSION,

DIABETES MELLITUS AND GENDER) MOST INFLUENTIAL SCORE


GENESIS NON HAEMORRHAGIC STROKE IN THE STROKE UNIT OF
GATOT SOEBROTO ARMY HOSPITAL JANUARY – DECEMBER 2014

MULIANY PRATIWI

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is a form of arrhythmia that often occurs. Arrhythmia is defined as


an abnormality of the heart rate or heart rhythm caused by impulse disturbance
(automacity, triggered automacity) or conduction (re-entry). Atrial fibrillation is a
tachyarrhythmia marked by uncoordinated atrial activity due to atrial mechanical
damage that can last for a moment or persistently. Atrial fibrillation is a risk factor for
ischemic stroke caused by an embolism that often forms because of impulse
disturbance or mechanical disturbance that occurs in the atrium. The purpose of this
study is to determine the relationship of atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes
mellitus, and gender on the incidence of ischemic stroke that occurs in the stroke unit
of Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital in the period of January-December 2014. This
study is of a multivariate cross sectional design. The total sample includes 50 patients
in the stroke unit of Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital. Data collected was analyzed
using the Chi Square statistical test. The Chi Square statistical test for the gender
variable obtained the probability value (p) = 0.777 with the value of α = 0.05,
therefore the value of p > α, thereby H0 is accepted. The p value of atrial fibrillation,
hypertension, and diabetes mellitus < α, thereby successfully rejecting H0 and
concludes that there is a relationship between atrial fibrillation, hypertension, and
diabetes mellitus with the incidence of ischemic stroke in the stroke unit of Gatot
Soebroto Army Hospital in the period of January-December 2014.

Keywords: Atrial Fibrillation, Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, Gender