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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

HUMAN AND SOCIAL BIOLOGY 5096/2


PAPER 2 Multiple Choice
MAY/JUNE SESSION 2001 1 hour

Additional materials:
Multiple Choice answer sheet
Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (Type B or HB is recommended)

TIME 1 hour

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has already been done for you.
There are forty questions in this paper. Answer all questions. For each question, there are four
possible answers, A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft
pencil on the separate answer sheet.
Read very carefully the instructions on the answer sheet.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

This question paper consists of 15 printed pages and 1 blank page.

[Turn over
2

1 The diagram shows four types of cell (not drawn to scale).


~
Which cell is a neurone?

A B e D

..(IJ:':.:.
'
'.
.
:~ .,
..
..
. : .. :'.',.'.
"
"
.
' ..
111111111111I

2 What feature does Plasmodium share with all other living organisms?

A It causes disease.

B It is found inside cells.

e Its life cycle involves two hosts.

D It reproduces.

3 Where in a cell does the following reaction take place?

glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + water

A cytoplasm

B mitochondria

e nucleus

.D ribosomes

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4 The apparatus was set up as shown below.

- - - - - - - - - - ---f--- distilled water


Visking (dialysis) tubing ---1---,;'.

4--+--- 10% sugar solution


tied end ---I---'\lJ-

Which diagram shows the results two hours later?

A 8

c D

5 Which process removes carbon dioxide from the air?

A combustion

8 decay

C photosynthesis

D respiration

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4

6 The diagram shows stages in the nitrogen cycle.

Which stage is carried out by nitrogen-fixing bacteria?

nitrogen

c A

o
nitrates ----~---i~~ plant protein

\
ammonia .
)
animal protein

~
8

7 What is the best source both of protein and of carbohydrate?

A 50 g chicken
8 50 g dried beans
C 50g milk
o 50 g oranges

8 Why must fibre be included in the diet?

A It helps form strong bones and teeth.


8 It helps the action of the gut muscles.
C It is a rich source of energy.
o It is needed for growth and tissue repair.

9 What is needed in the diet to keep teeth strong and healthy?

A calcium and vitamin C


8 vitamin C and iron
C iron and vitamin D
o vitamin D and calcium

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----------- --------------------......,....----------~---~-

10 The table shows the results of three tests on a liquid food.

test result

add iodine solution colour change from brown to blue/black

add biuret reagent colour remains blue

drop on filter paper and dry translucent mark (light spot)

What does the food contain?

A fat and protein

8 fat and starch

C protein and starch

o protein and reducing sugar

11 The diagram shows a vertical section through a molar tooth.

Which part is most sensitive to a dentist's drill?

'-c------A

-+-----8

--+------C

-----1--0

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6

12 The diagram shows part of the alimentary canal.

oesophagus ----+-

X---+-

What happens when bile enters region X?

A Acid is neutralised.

B Enzymes are added from the liver.

C Fat is changed into fatty acids.

o Starch is changed to sugar.

13 Which bar chart shows the rate of digestion of starch in the mouth, stomach and small intestine?

A B

c c
0 0
+='
(/) +='
(/)
Q.) Q.)
0> 0>
'5 '5
- -
-
0 0

-
Q.)

co
~
Q.)

co
~
mouth stomach small mouth stomach small
intestine intestine

C 0

c c
0 0
'+= .+=
(/) (/)
Q.) Q.)
0> 0>
'5 '5
- -
-
0 0
Q.) .8
c~o co
~
mouth stomach small mouth stomach small
intestine intestine

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14 Which artery carries deoxygenated blood?

A carotid artery

B coronary artery

C hepatic artery

D pulmonary artery

15 The diagram shows a white blood cell.

Which process is occurring?

A antibody secretion

B egestion of waste

C phagocytosis of bacteria

D production of fibrin

16 What is the function of the lymph vessels?

A to keep the cells of the body moist

B to remove water from the kidney tubules

C to return surplus tissue fluid to the blood supply

D to transport fluids and solutes to the tissues

17 Which best describes breathing and cellular respiration?

breathing cellular respiration

A gaseous exchange in the lungs uptake of oxygen by the blood

B rib and diaphragm movements exchange of oxygen in alveoli

C movement of air into and out of the lungs release of energy in the cells

D taking in oxygen and giving out carbon dioxide transport of oxygen from lungs to cells

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8

18 The pie chart shows the percentages of three gases in exhaled air.

Which gas does sector X represent?

A carbon dioxide
S nitrogen
C oxygen
o water vapour

19 If a mother smokes heavily during pregnancy, how could this affect the fetus?

A It will be obese at birth.


S It will develop lung cancer.
C It will grow more slowly.
o It will be paralysed.

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Questions 20 and 21 refer to the diagram which shows a section through a joint.

20 In which part of the body is this joint found?

A elbow

B knee

C neck

o shoulder

21 Which one of the labelled parts prevents dislocation of the joint?

A 1

B 2
C 3

o 4

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[Turn over
10

Questions 22 and 23 refer to the diagram which shows a kidney tubule and associated blood vessels.

Y ----H--fll-I

Z ----l,,1,- ~~~

22 What causes fluid to leave Y and enter Z?

A The blood flowing through Y must get rid of waste such as urea.
B The force generated by osmosis is higher in Y than in Z.
C There is a difference in pressure between the fluid in Y and in Z.
o There is a much higher concentration of salts in Y than in Z.

23 What is normally present in the fluid in Z?

A glucose, protein, salts and water


B glucose, salts, urea and water
C glucose, protein, urea and water
o protein, salts, urea and water

24 Which organ breaks down alcohol?

A colon
B kidney
Cliver
o pancreas

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25 The diagram shows some pathways along which nerve impulses may pass.

brain

u v

~ receptor

s
spinal cord
T

An effector muscle contracts in response to a pin-prick.

Which pathway is taken by the impulses to cause this contraction?

A S~T~R

B U~V~S

C R~T~S

o R~T~V~U~S

26 A patient suffers from hallucinations, convulsions and sweating. There are secretions from his
eyes and nose, and spots appear on his skin.

From what is the patient most likely to be suffering?

A alcoholism

B cancer of the lung

C heroin withdrawal

o malaria

27 How does taking the contraceptive pill prevent pregnancy?

A It causes mucus to block the oviduct.

B It destroys ova (eggs) before they implant.

C It destroys sperm entering the oviduct.

o It stops eggs being released from the ovary.

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12

28 Which substance passes through the placenta from the mother to the fetus?

A amino acids

8 carbon dioxide

C glycogen

o haemoglobin

29 M represents the total amount (mass) of DNA in a liver cell.

How much DNA would there be in a cell which has undergone mitosis, meiosis and fertilisation?

after mitosis after meiosis after fertilisation

A M M 2M
8 M 1M
2 I
M
C ;M M 2M
0 2M ;M M

30 An albino is a person who lacks skin colour. Normal skin colour (allele N) is dominant to the albino
condition (allele n). Two parents had many children, half had normal skin colour and half were
albinos.

What were the genotypes of the two parents?

A NN x NN

8 NN x nn

C Nn x /9J1
~ """-
-, /'
0 nn ~ nn

31 Which does not help to spread AIDS?

A blood transfusions

8 kissing

C sexual intercourse

o shared use of hypodermic needles

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32 How is influenza spread?

A by airborne droplets

B by contaminated water

C by insect vectors

D by physical contact

33 How can the spread of cholera be controlled?

A by avoiding skin contact with water

B by chlorinating drinking water

C by draining stagnant water

D by vaccinating cholera victims

34 Which can be a symptom but is not a sign of a disease?

A a headache

B low pulse rate

C a skin rash

D sweating and shivering

35 Which disease could be treated by penicillin?

A cancer

B gonorrhoea

C influenza

D malaria

36 What was the most effective method used to eliminate smallpox?

A killing mosquitoes

B sterilising international aircraft

C treating patients with antibiotics

D vaccination

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37 The graph shows the effect of chemical X on the growth of a bacterial culture.

no chemicals
added

size of
bacterial
-
.•. _--------- effect of X

colonies

time
chemical X
added

What is chemical X likely to be?

A antibiotic

8 antigen

C fungicide

D nutrient

38 How are rats vectors of disease?

A They bite into stored food, spreading AIDS.

8 They carry bacteria on their feet, spreading ringworm.

C They urinate on food, spreading tuberculosis.

D They leave faeces on food, spreading typhoid.

39 The diagram shows a river and the surrounding area.

Where would swimmers be most likely to become infected with cholera?

factory untreated sewage key


effluent effluent
D water plants

mud deposits

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40 What is the order of the stages for the large-scale treatment of water, to produce drinking water?

A river water ~ chlorination ~ filter ~ settlement tank ~ storage tank

B river water ~. coarse grid ~ settlement tank ~ filter ~ chlorination

C river water ~ settlement tank ~ coarse grid ~ filter ~ chlorination

o river water ~ settlement tank ~ filter ~ coarse grid ~ storage tank

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