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European Imperialism 4/14/19

European Imperialism
By Dylan Breneman

Presentation Supplemented by:


Crash Course - Imperialism: Crash Course World History #35
European Route of Industrial Heritage

§ The following standards for 10th grade social science


will be met or touched upon in this presentation:

1. 10.4.1. Describe the rise of industrial


economies and their link to imperialism and
colonial ism (e.g., the role played by national
CA 10TH
security and strategic advantage; moral issues
raised by the search for national hegemony,
Grade Social
Social Darwinism, and the missionary impulse;
material issues such as land, resources, and Science
technology).
2. 10.4.2. Discuss the locations of the colonial rule
Standards:
of such nations as England, France, Germany,
Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain,
Portugal, and the United States.

§ On your own, think about the Agricultural Revolution in


Europe. How might an increase in food and productivity
impact the societies, economies, and populations of 18 th
Think. and 19 th century Europe? W hat do you predict will

Pair. happen next in history? Feel free to write out some of


your ideas!

Share! § W hen you are ready, find a partner in class. Share your
thoughts and have a discussion with your partner. W rite
down any questions you and your partner may have.

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European Imperialism 4/14/19

§ Europe in the 18 th century experienced a boom in


population

§ Increased production of food resulted in an increase in


population drove

Another § Economy is demanded to produce more, faster, in a

revolution?
more efficient manner

§ Enter the industrial revolution: this was a slow spread of


technological advancements that helped European
nations produce more “stuff”

https://www.ucdavis.edu/one-health/how-cows-stomach-could-help-your-health-and-environment/

§ More “stuff” (like food and labor) increases the


demands on society to provide jobs

§ W hen demands are not met, Europeans take an


extroverted approach: lets spread outwards –
§ raw materials become scarce and labor is out of

New Demands work/housing/food


§ Growing middle/lower class
and § Newer technologies enable Europeans to fight against
New Technology the rest of the world (and win)

§ They also want to secure power against other European


nations

§ “Our country is so awesome, we should share


our awesomeness with a developing
country… ”
– Nationalist Country
§ Usually accompanied by the greed of
entrepreneurs
§ They want as much profit as possible, and don’t
care about the natives of new colonies
Nationalism § Government gains power through claiming
more land, increasing its influence, and
securing more natural resources
§ European nation didn’t have to rely on each
other for materials or goods because they
could bring resources back from their colonies
to manufacture goods
https://highschool.latimes.com/la-canada-high-school/opinion-why-present-day-nationalism-is-
so-dangerous/

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European Imperialism 4/14/19

How or why did the agricultural revolution lead to


the industrial revolution in Europe? Use the boxes
below to guide your answer.

Agricultural Increase
Nationalism
Revolution Goods

§ China is a powerful world economy, but highly


regulates who can trade, visit, and export goods to and
from China

§ British were selling opium to the Chinese through


select port towns
British Empire § Opium is highly addictive :(

in § Chinese fear addiction and try to cut the British out

China § The British force their way into markets with


military/naval power

§ Treaty of Nanjing allow British to open trading ports on


Chinese lands

§ Industrial technology allows Europeans to colonize


Africa,

§ prestige/nationalism (we own these colonies, HA), more


so about owning the means of production (raw

Scramble materials- cotton copper, iron, rubber),

for § Africans were immune to European diseases, they had


their own diseases that repelled Europeans,
Africa § Maxim Machine Gun
§ medicines allow Europeans to go further than their
coastal trading posts

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European Imperialism 4/14/19

Maxim
Machine
Gun

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b29-BgRQkxU

Africans fought back aggressively

The result was major casualties for


Scramble African natives

for European weapons and medicine


Africa allowed them to breach the natural
barriers of Africa

They were able to breach further than


they had ever gone before

https://www.nairaland.com/2540302/map-africa-before-colonization http://mapofafricanew.blogspot.com/2017/06/modern-day-africa-map.html

§ Why do you believe


there are countries
without ocean access
in Africa? How were
these borders
drawn?
§ What happened
between the first
map and the second?

1 2

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Europeans controlled colonies through intermediaries and collaborators;

indirect rule through controlling native leaders to control the large


populations;

Native rulers maintained most of their power, but answered to European

Ruling
military power

Other Many gained access to advantages

Rulers Mahatma Ghandi received his education in Britain

The alternative was violence – many chose the less deadly route

§ “His Majesty's dominions, on which the sun never sets”


- Christopher North

British § Sun never sets on the British Empire:

Everywhere § Opium markets in China


§ Scramble for Africa
§ British Raj in India

A gricultural

Final Activity:
Revolution
Increased
Populations

Think about the


relationship between each N ew
Technologies

of the listed concepts.


Explain how and why each
of these concepts formed
the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution

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§ Crash Course. (2012, September 20). Imperialism:


crash course world history #35. Retrieved from
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=alJaltUmrGo
§ European Route of Industrial Heritage. The Industrial Reference List
Revolution in Europe. Retrieved from
https://www.erih.net/how-it-started/the-industrial-
revolution-in-europe/

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