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WHEATLEY operators manual For HP-160 & HP-250 Series Plunger Pumps INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Wheatley pumps are manufactured ia accordance with the highese seandards demanded by the petroleum industry. Proper maintenance and care will prolong the period of satisfactory service, and reduce costs. ‘These instructions were wi care, operation, and maintenance of your pump. When trouble arises outside the scope of chis manual, ‘our Engincering Department and all other factory facilities are ready to help you, Feel free co contact us For assistance, ft promore the To fof the problems and solutions which occur in the field, We request that you send to us short reports of your experiences, Include che purnp figures and serial improve our products, we must be informed ‘numbers, the operating conditions, the problems, and the solution, if any, and forward to Wheatley , ATTENTION: Engineering Department, P. 0. Box 3249, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74101. Your help will be greatly appreciated SERVICE Wheatley fs distributors throughout — the United States who have servicemen available in cease of emergency or a major overhaul. Most of these distributors have parts available and can give you the necessary help in service work, We prefer that all service be handled through an authorined distibut however, in extreme emergencies, Wheatley dispatch a serviceman. This normally will require a 24-hour notice. HP-160 SERIES & HP-250 SERIES PLUNGER PUMP INSTALLATION INSTRUCTION PROPER INSTALLATION Proper installation is of prime importance, The ‘uid lifting capabilities oF @ reciprocating pump are limited. 1 is necessary c@ flood the pump suction, with uid as a minimum requirement for satisfac- tory operation. Pumps with “L” or "H fluid end will operate with a floaded suction, But pumps with "M" fluid end running above 360 RPM may require 4-20 Psi suction charge pressure. Refer to perform ‘The Engineering Department of Wheatley Company is available for consultation on your pumping probe lems. Doubtful conditions should be checked with the Engineering Department prior to installation of the unit. The requirements vary with different liquids. The general requirement is a flooded suetion [eight ounces), minimum positive pressure, or one foot of head. THE SUCTION LINE ‘The Suction Line size must equal (or exceed) the size of the pump suction manifold connection. It is, desirable to use flexible hose rather than piping. The number of ells or turns should be kept to an absolute minimum, An ideal installation would have none at all. if ells are necessary, they should be installed no closer than five (5) feet to the pump inlet, and no two ells should be closer together than three (3) feet. All valves in the suction line must be the fullopening type. 45° ells are greatly preferred, rather than 90° ells; or, 45° branch lateral plus 45° ell are better than 90° ell DISCHARGE PIPING Discharge piping should extend at least five (5) feet from the pump before any turns or ells ste installed. To eliminate line stesses on the pump, it is again recommended that high pressure flexible hose be installed for the frst five (5) feet. Any ells used should be 45° type rather than 90°. Again, 445° branch lateral phus 45° elbow is preferable to 3 single 90°, el RELIEF VALVES Relief valves protect pumps from failure due to excess pressure and must be installed in the dix charge piping. If desited, relief valve and bypass piping can be installed at the factory on new units At minimum additional cost, Operation without a properly set relief valve (setting to correspond to size plunger used) is dangerous and we will not be sesponsible for toss of life or property, nor held liable for damage, nor will we accept responsibility for premature failure of any parts resulting from lack of a good relief valve, correctly set. ‘This pump is a sturdily built, precisely manufac- tured, and creatively engineered unit. If properly installed and given careful preventive maintenance, maximum service at the lowest possible cost is attained. Make sure suction and discharge hookups are proper, then read the pages of periodic mainten- ance. Then start the pump. TO START THE PUMP To start the pump, roll pump over once by hand. ‘Then open the suction line valve and permit fluid to fill the uid eylinder body. Bleed out all air by opening a bleed-off valve, removing the valve cover until fluié flows out constantly, Close the discharge valve and start the unit in operation. Any roughness will probably be from trapped sir, or from starva- tion (insufficient fluid getting to pump). Remove these troubles before permitting the pump to sun continuously A PULSATION DAMPNER. A Pulsation Dampner, properly selected, correct- ly precharged, and located at or on the pump is @ very worthwhile investment. Longer life for valves, springs, and plungers with reduced surges and a gen- erally quieter installation are the dividends. We strongly secommend their use