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The second-order system with output variable y(t) is given a sinusoidal input:

y + 3 y + 2 y = 20sin t

Find the complete solution y (t ) for t ≥ 0 using the method of undetermined coefficients.

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

The differential equation with output variable y(t) is given a ramp input x (t ) = 72 t , t ≥ 0 :

y + 5 y + 6 y = 72 t

Find the complete solution y (t ) for t ≥ 0 using Laplace transforms. (Transform table is given

on the last page of the exam.)

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

The open loop transfer function k G p ( s ) is used in a feedback configuration, as shown, where k

is a gain parameter, to be chosen. (The range of allowable gain is 0 < k < ∞ .)

R(s) Y(s)

k Gp(s)

k

k G p ( s) =

s ( s + 2)

(b.) Select the gain k so that the damping ratio ζ of the closed loop system is equal to 0.2.

(c.) Find the damped natural frequency of oscillation ωd of the closed loop system for this k.

(d.) Find the closed loop pole locations for this value of k and plot them. (Label your axes.)

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

The open loop transfer function k G p ( s ) is used in a feedback configuration, as shown, where k

is a gain parameter.

R(s) Y(s)

k Gp(s)

(a.) Sketch the root locus (i.e., roots of the closed loop characteristic equation) for

0 < k < ∞ . Include asymptotes and real axis intercept (centroid) of asymptotes, if appli-

cable. Show the direction of increasing k on all branches, using arrows.

k ( s + 3)

k G p ( s) =

s ( s + 2)( s + 6)

(c.) Describe (and/or sketch) the closed loop system step response for k small ( k → 0) .

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

V o ( jω )

(a) Derive the expression for the complex frequency response function; H ( jω ) = where Vo

V i ( jω )

is the voltage across the inductor.

(b) Write simple equations that approximate the magnitude of the complex frequency response func-

tion for the limiting conditions when the input frequency approaches zero and approaches infinity

(you do not have to break the complex frequency response function into real and imaginary parts

to approximate the magnitude at the limiting conditions).

(c) Describe clearly if your approximations in part (b) make sense physically based on the behavior

of the R,L,C components.

vo (t )

L

vi (t ) C R

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

A Wheatstone bridge circuit with a switch and calibration resistor is shown below. Find: (a) the

output voltage Vo when the calibration switch is open; and (b) the output voltage Vo when the

calibration switch is closed. Use symbols in the solution.

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

C (s )

Simplify the following block diagram and obtain the closed loop transfer function

R (s )

H3

+

R(s)

+ + + C(s)

G1 G2 G3 G4

- -

H1 H2

Ph.D. Fundamentals Exam ME Sample Exam 1

Given the following (open loop) frequency response function G(jω), answer the following ques-

tions below:

10 ( jω + 3)

G ( jω ) =

( jω )( jω + 2 ) ( jω ) + jω + 2

2

(c) What is the value of the high frequency phase angle, ∠G ( j∞) ?

(d) If an input forcing function equal to x(t ) = 2 sin 5t is applied, describe (in general terms)

the output which is obtained.

Laplace Transform Properties:

∞

X ( s ) = L [ x (t )] = ∫ x (t ) e − st dt

0

L [ x (t )] = sX ( s ) − x (0)

L [

x (t )] = s 2 X ( s ) − x (0) − s x (0)

1 δ (t )

1 1

s

1 t

s2

1 e − at

s+a

ωn sin ωn t

s + ωn 2

2

s cos ωn t

s + ωn 2

2

s+z z

cos ωn t + sin ωn t

s 2 + ωn 2 ωn

1 1

e −ζωnt sin ωd t , ωd = ωn 1 − ζ 2

s + 2ζωn s + ωn

2 2

ωd

ωn 2 1−

1

e −ζωnt sin (ωd t + φ ) , φ = cos −1ζ

s( s 2 + 2ζωn s + ωn 2 ) 1− ζ 2

s +α s +α (α − a ) 2 + b2 − a t

= e sin ( bt + φ ) ,

s + 2ζωn s + ωn

2 2

( s + a )2 + b2 b

a = ζωn , b = ωn 1 − ζ 2 , φ = tan −1 (b /(α − a ))

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