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List of Important Articles of the

Constitution of India - GK Notes PDF!


At the time that the Constitution commenced, it was divided into 395 articles in 22 part
and 8 schedules. Already the longest constitution in the world, it has now grown to 448
articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices and 98 amendments. The
Constitution of India, whose chief architect was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, was adopted by the
Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January
1950. It is the highest law of the land and cannot be overridden by the Parliament. Being
the 68th Constitution Day, this article talks about the parts of the Constitution as
well as the important articles of the Constitution of India. This is an important lesson in
Civics and Polity, and is useful for all competitive and recruitment exams.

Parts of the Constitution and What They Deal with

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PARTS SUBJECTS ARTICLES

I The Union and its territory 1-4

II Citizenship 5-11

III Fundamental Rights 12-35

Directive Principles of State


IV 36-51
Policy

IV- A Fundamental Duties 51-A

THE UNION

The Executive 52-78

Parliament 79-122

V Legislative Powers of the


123
President

The Union Judiciary 124-147

Comptroller and Auditor-


148-151
General of India

THE STATES
VI
General (Definition) 152

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The Executive 153-167

The State Legislature 168-212

Legislative Powers of the


213
Governor

The High Courts in the States 214-231

Subordinate Courts 233-237

VIII The Union Territories 239-242

IX The Panchayats 243 to 243-0

243-P to 243-
IX-A The Municipalities
ZG

243-ZH to
IX-B The Co-Operative Societies
243-ZT

The Scheduled and Tribal


X 244 to 244-A
Areas

RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION


AND THE STATES

XI
Legislative Relations 245-255

Administrative Relations 256-263

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FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS
AND SUITS

Finance 264-290

Borrowing 292-293
XII

Property, Contracts, Rights,


Liabilities, Obligations and 294-300
Suits

Right to Property 300-A

Trade, Commerce and


XIII Intercourse within the territory 301-307
of India

SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND


THE STATES

XIV
Services 308-314

Public Service Commissions 315-323

323-A to 323-
XIV- A Tribunals
B

XV Elections 324 to 329

Special Provisions Relating to


XVI 330-342
Certain Classes

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OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Language of the Union 343-344

Regional Languages 345- 347


XVII

Languages of the Supreme


348- 349
Court, High Courts, etc.

Special Directives 350- 351

XVIII Emergency Provisions 352-360

XIX Miscellaneous 361-367

XX Amendment of the Constitution 368

Temporary, Transitional and


XXI 369-392
Special Provisions

Short Title, Commencement,


XXII Authoritative Text in Hindi and 393-395
Repeals

The Constitution has been amended several times so that the original 22 parts now
stand at 25 parts.

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ADDED

REMOVED

Some Important Articles of the Constitution of India

Let us now look at some of the important articles of the Constitution of India and what
they deal with.

ARTICLE DEALS WITH

1 Name and Territory of Union

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New States Formation, Alteration of
3
Boundaries etc.

Laws inconsistent with or in


13 derogation of the Fundamental
Rights

Equality before Law (popularly


14
known as Right to Equality)

Prohibition of Discrimination (on


15 basis of religion, race, caste, sex or
place of birth)

Equality in case of Public


16
Employment

17 Abolition of Untouchability

18 Abolition of Titles

Protection of Certain Rights to


19 Freedom (popularly known as Right
to Freedom)

19a Freedom of Speech & Expression

19b Right to Peaceful Assembly

19c Freedom of Association

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19d Right to Move Freely through India

19e Freedom of Settlement & Residence

(Omitted as a fundamental right –


19f governed by article 300A.) Right to
Own Personal Property.

Freedom to Practice any Profession,


19g
Occupation, Trade or Business

21 Right to Life and Personal Liberty

21A Right to Education

Prohibition of Human Trafficking


23
and Forced Labor

24 Prohibition of Child Labor

Freedom to Practice & Propagate


25
Religion Freely

29 Protection of Interests of Minorities

Remedies for enforcement of


32
Fundamental Rights including writs

44 Uniform Civil Code

50 Separation of Judiciary from

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Executive

Promotion of International Peace


51
and Security

51A Fundamental Duties

Powers of President to Grant


72
Pardons etc.

76 Attorney-General of India

78 Duties of Prime Minister

Sessions of Parliament, Prorogation


85
and Dissolution

The Speaker & Deputy Speaker of


93
Lok Sabha

100 Voting in Houses

Powers, Privileges etc. of Members


105
of Parliament

Salaries and Allowances of Members


106
of Parliament

Joint Sitting of both Houses of


108
Parliament

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109-110 Money Bills

112 Annual Financial Budget

President’s Power to Promulgate


123 Ordinance while Parliament in
Recess

Appointment of ad hoc Judges in the


127
Supreme Court

Supreme Court’s Powers to Issue


139
Certain Writs

Supreme Court’s Law Binding on All


141
Courts

Comptroller and Auditor-General of


148-149
India

155 Appointment of Governor

Power of Governors to Grant Pardon


161
etc.

165 Advocate-General for the State

167 Duties of Chief Minister

Appointment of Additional & Acting


224
Judges in High Courts

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Appointment of Retired Judges in
224A
High Courts

226 Power of High Courts to issue writs

280 Finance Commission

312 All India Services

324 Election Commission

SCs and STs claim to Services and


335
Posts

343 Official Language

352 National Emergency

President’s Rule in case of Failure of


356
Constitutional Machinery in States

360 Financial Emergency

Power of Parliament to Amend the


368
Constitution

Temporary provisions with respect


370
to the state of Jammu and Kashmir

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