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Mobile Phone Antennas

Andres Noriega, Jozelynne Niama, Hans Vistin

Faculty of Computer Science and Electronics
Electric Engineering in Telecomunications and Networks
Escuela Superior Politecnica de Chimborazo
March 28, 2019

Abstract and was characterized by being digital;

The following paper uses more sophisticated coding proto-
briefly explains about cellu- cols. The predominant technologies
lar telephony, the generations are: GSM (Global System for Mobile
that compose it, as well as Communications); IS-136 (also known
the frequency bands that are as TIA / EIA136 or ANSI-136) and
mostly used; also compares CDMA (Code Division Multiple Ac-
different cell phone anten- cess). The third generation (3G) is
nas for their different aspects
typified by the convergence of voice
such as frequency bands in
which they operate, type of
and data with wireless Internet ac-
radiation, the dimensions in cess, multimedia applications and high
which they have been built data transmissions. Among the con-
and the gain that will be ob- tending technologies of the third gen-
tained from these. eration are UMTS (Universal Mobile
Telephone Service), cdma2000, IMT-
IntroductionSolution 2000, ARIB [3GPP], UWC-136, among
Mobile telephony is a means of wire- others. The fourth generation is a
less communication through electro- long-term project that will be 50 times
magnetic waves. Research into estab- faster in speed than the third gener-
lishing mobile telephone systems be- ation. There are currently three pre-
gan in the 1940s, but it was not un- dominant cell phone technologies in
til 1983 that the first mobile phone, the world: IS-136, IS95, CDMA and
the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X, was GSM. IS-136 (Interim Standard 136)
developed. Cellular telephony is di- was the first digital cell phone technol-
vided into several generations. The ogy developed in the United States, IS-
first generation (1G) of mobile tele- 136 is based on TDMA (Time Division
phony was characterized by being ana- Multiple Access), a multiple access
log and strictly for voice. It had a technique which divides radio chan-
low speed [2400 bauds], the transfer nels into three slots. of time, each
between cells was very imprecise, they user receives in a different slot. This
had low capacity [based on FDMA, method allows three users on each ra-
Frequency Divison Multiple Access] dio channel to communicate without
and security did not exist. The sec- interfering with each other. D-AMPS
ond generation (2G) arrived until 1990 (IS54) is used mainly in North Amer-

ica, Latin America, Australia, parts of
Russia and Asia. CDMA uses scat-
tered spectrum technology in which
many users share the same channel si-
multaneously but each with different
code. This allows a greater capacity in
users per cell. GSM (Groupe Spéciale
Mobile) is cellular technology devel-
oped in Europe considered as the most
mature cellular technology, with more
than 200 million users in more than 100
countries around the world. GSM is a
voice and data service based on high-
speed circuit switching which combines
up to 4 time slots in each radio chan-
Comparation Table

Type of
No. Topic Frecuency Gain in dB Dimensions Desing of Antenna
The Antenna can The antenna peak
A novel tri-band operate in the gain is about 0.3-
19.8mm × 5.4mm ×
1 mobile-phone PCB frequency bands 773 - 0.9dBi and the Omnidirectional
antenna 1123 MHz and 1922 - average gain is about -
2802 MHz. 1.9-0.3dBi
The antenna area: 40
× 20 mm2, ground-
A Compact Planar plane: 40 x100
Monopole Antenna The Antenna can be mm2,L3=2.5mm,
with a T-Shaped suitable for two L4=20mm,
The antenna has a
2 Coupling Feed frequency bands Omnidirectional L5=3mm,
gain of 6dB
for LTE/GSM/UMTS 773–1123 MHz and W5=0.5mm,
Operation 1922– 2802 MHz. W6=40mm,
in the Mobile Phone g=0.5mm, L7=4mm,
The antenna can
opreate in the first
band which covers
Multi-Band Hybrid GSM850/900 from
circuit board with a
Mobile Phone second band which The maximum gain is
3 Omnidirectional size of
Antenna Based on covers GPS1575 is 2.2 dBi. Besides
Electromagnetic from 1.540 to
Coupling 1.600GHz,he third
band which covers
A 28 GHz FR-4
Compatible Phased The antenna can
The antenna has a W=1.5mm, L=7mm,
4 Array Antenna operate in frecuency Omnidirectional
gain of 13dB W1=0.5mm,
for 5G Mobile Phone of 28GHz
L1=6mm, d=3.1mm,
Can operate in four
frequency bands
covering the GSM 850 -
It has two wide bands
For the lower band, Ground Plane: 100 x
centered at 862MHZ
the antenna gain is 40 mm²
Handset Antenna and
from 0.84 dBi to 1.13 Slot 1:7.5 x 30 mm²
Design For Mobile 1768MHZ. The
5 dBi. The antenna gain Omnidirectional Slot 2 :1.5 x 32.5
Communication frequency range of the
for the upper band mm²
System lower band is from
varies from 1.69dBi to Thickness: 0.8 mm
811MHZ to 981MHZ.
The frequency range
band is from
1572MHz to
The frequency range
of the lower band is
from GSM850
(824~894 MHz) and Strip 1(AB, CD)=
For the lower band,
Printed Monopole GSM900 57mm,
the antenna gain is
with a Distributed (880~960 MHz) Strip2= 45mm, the
from 0 dBi to 0.5 dBi.
Inductor for operation. system ground
6 The antenna gain for Omnidirectional
Penta-Band WWAN The frequency range plane= 100 x 40
the upper band
Internal Mobile Phone of the upper band is mm2, no-ground
Varies from 1.7 dBi to
Antenna from GSM1800 portion= 14 x 40
2.9 dBi
(1710~1880 MHz), mm2
GSM1900 (1850~1990
MHz) and UMTS
(1920~2170 MHz).
Lfeed = 7.5 mm,
For the lower band,
The frequency range Wfeed = 2 mm, La =
the antenna gain is
of the lower band is 49.7 mm, Lb = 42.2
Mobile Phone from 1.88 dBi to 1.5
from (700-960 MHz). mm, H= 10 mm,
7 Antenna for 2G, 3G dBi. The antenna gain Omnidirectional
The frequency range h1 = 9 mm,
and 4G Standards for the upper band
of the upper band is h2 = 9 mm,
is from 2.1 dBi to 3
from (1615-2700 MHz) h3 = 8mm, Want =
Analysis and Design
The maximum gain mm, w3 = 2.2 mm,
of E-shape Meander The antenna can
of the antenna at the w4= 1.9
8 Line Antenna for LTE operate at a resonance Omnidirectional
resonant frequency mm,w5=2.5mm,w6=
Mobile frequency of 2.5 GHz.
are 2.76 dB 1mml=8.9mm,v=6.9
The radiant
structure has
A multi-band dimensions of L = 25
miniature antenna is mm, L1 = 8 mm, Lr
Low SAR planar The gain of the
proposed that is = 3 mm and the
antenna for multi atenna to Frecuency
9 compatible with GSM, Omnidirectional width of the patch
standard cellular 920MHz a 2.7 dBi, to
WI-FI and HIPERLAN W = 18 mm. The
phones F
communication length of the partial
standards. ground plane is
optimized to L3 = 3
The circuit board
witch a size of (30 ×
18 × 0.8) mm3
The radiant
structure has
dimensions of L1 =
Low SAR, Simple The antenna can For the lower band, 10mm, L2 = 17 mm,
Printed Compact operate in te bands of the antenna gain is L3 = 3 mm,L4 = 5
Multiband Antenna GSM 900, DCS 1800, from 0.9GHz to 1.55 mm, L5 = 6 mm and
10 for Mobile and PCS 1900, UMTS 2100, dBi. The antenna gain Omnidirectional L6 = 18 mm .The
Wireless ISM 2450, almost LTE for the upper band width of the patch
Communication bands and WLAN (2.4- is from 2.1GHz to 2.5 W1 = 1.5 mm,W2=
Applications 2.5 GHz). dBi 9mm,Wf=1.5 mm,
Ws= 30 mm. The
length of the partial
ground plane is
optimized to Lg =
5mm and g= 0.25
mm, s = 0.9 mm.
Conclusions 2012.

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