You are on page 1of 5

REVIEW QUESTIONS ON FORENSIC BALLISTICS

===============================================================================================

Name: Score:

Multiple Choice
INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark only one answer for
each item by marking the box corresponding to the letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided. STRICTLY
NO ERASURES.

1. This is the part of cartridge which when ignited is converted to high pressure and propels the bullet or shot
through the barrel and on the target.
A. gunpowder B. primer C. ammunition D. cartridge case
2. This is modified smokeless gunpowder invented by Sir Frederick Abel and James Dewar in 1890.
A. Poudre D B. Ballistite C. Cordite D. Graphite
3. Use of unlicensed firearm in crime of homicide is considered as circumstance.
A. mitigating B. aggravating C. justifying D. alternative
4. What is meant by the Greek word ballo or ballien?
A. to catch B. to seize C. to examine D. to throw
5. It is the method of viewing fired bullet and shell in the bullet comparison microscope where the specimens are
compared side by side.
A. juxtaposition B. parallel C. intermarriage D. either of these
6. It refers to firearms that can propel projectiles not less than one inch in diameter.
A. rifled bore B. smooth bore C. artillery D. small arms
7. It is a gigantic bow or catapult which was used to hurl missiles or large objects such as stones at a particular
distance to deter enemy forces.
A. ballista B. cannon C. missile D. firearm
8. It is the action of the bullet passing through rifled-bore barrel firearms which is either twisted to the left or right.
A. parallel B. direct C. gyroscopic D. translational
9. What is the factor that affects the bullet drops to the ground?
A. density B. gravity C. firearm D. some of these
10. In most cases, how many test fired bullets are made?
A. 2-5 shots B. 1-3 shots C. 3-5 shots D. it depends
11. Bore diameter of a barrel is made or created in what step?
A. lapping B. rifling C. drilling D. reaming
12. It refers to the helical lines cut in the interior bore of the gun barrel.
A. riflings B. lands C. groove D. all of the above
13. 16-Right riflings is also called -groove rifling.
A. multi B. polygonal C. mini D. micro
14. By holding the nose of the bullet pointing away from you, the direction of rifling impressions run from
you determines the direction of twist.
A. parallel B. away C. toward D. either of these
15. Depth of grooves is equal to the height of the side of the lands. This statement is INCORRECT.
A. true B. possibly false C. probably true D. untrue
16. The following are the basis for conclusive positive identification of firearm evidences; EXCEPT:
A. consistent B. significant C. parallel D. prominent
17. Firearm and ammunition of European origin uses what system to indicate the size of the bullet?
A. Dewey Decimal B. English C. Metric D. Latin
18. Most firearms have some type of _________ designed to minimize the potential for accidental discharge.
A. barrel B. hammer C. safety D. cylinder
19. As scientists and expert witnesses, it is of the utmost importance that they maintain complete ____________ in
their works.
A. functionality B. impartiality C. concentration D. partiality
20. It is a super cooled liquid that possess high viscosity and rigidity.
A. Glass B. Ice C. Plastic D. Metals
21. Which of the following ballistics exhibits has the least value in firearm identification?
A. cadaver B. fired bullet C. fired shell D. fatal gun
22. It the primary fracture resembles the spokes of a wheel radiating outward from the point of impact.
A. Concentric Crack B. Radial Crack C. Bullet Hole D. Glass Fragments
23. It is the chemical wear and tear of the inside of the gun barrel due to rust formation or chemical reaction by the
products of combustion after firing.
A. rusting B. corrosion C. erosion D. lead building
24. These marks are found on the cylindrical surface of the bullet which appears as the elevated part of it caused by
the riflings inside the gun barrel.
A. lands mark B. grooves mark C. slippage mark D. skid marks
25. It is the mechanical wear and tear of the inner surface of the gun barrel due to mechanical abrasion or sliding
friction.
A. rusting B. corrosion C. erosion D. lead building

1|Page
REVIEW QUESTIONS ON FORENSIC BALLISTICS
===============================================================================================
26. This rifling method produces the desired number of lands and grooves simultaneously but in a different manner.
A. Broaching System B. Cut Rifling Technique C. Button System D. Either of these
27. Which of the following is NOT an impressed action mark?
A. Firing Pin Mark B. Breechface Marks C. Extractor Mark D. Neither of these
28. It is the ring depression around the body of the bullet used to receive the case crimp.
A. shoulder B. neck C. cannelure D. jacket
29. Imperfections in the surface of the interior of the barrel leave these marks on the bullet.
A. striations B. impressions C. contour D. concentric
30. What is the unit of measurement of caliber of firearm originated from Europe?
A. Inches B. Yards C. Pounds D. Millimeter
31. What is the circular groove near the base of the case or shell designed for automatic withdrawal of the case
after each firing?
A. shoulder B. extracting grooves C. base D. head or body
32. In Browning type riflings, how many lands and grooves?
A. 4 B. 6 C. 7 D. 5
33. In Colt type riflings, what is the direction of twist?
A. Lateral B. Right C. Left D. Diagonal
34. Marks found on bullet fired from a revolver due to poor alignment of the cylinder to the barrel.
A. shaving mark B. skid mark C. stripping mark D. pivotal mark
35. The firing pin mark of rim fire cartridge case found on:
A. primer assembly B. rim of cartridge case C. primer cup D. some of these
36. Which of the following is NOT a mark that can be found on fired bullet?
A. pivotal mark B. shaving mark C. groove mark D. neither of these
37. These marks that can be found through the loose fit barrels wherein the riflings are already worn out.
A. shaving mark B. skid mark C. stripping mark D. pivotal mark
38. In a given cartridge, where to find the name of manufacturer?
A. Place of Recovery B. Head Stamp C. Class Characteristics D. Cross Matching
39. In a given cartridge case, in order to determine the caliber, name of manufacturer and type of firearm used,
there is a need to obtain test fired cartridge case for comparison. This statement is INCORRECT.
A. Partially True B. True C. Possibly False D. Untrue
It is the secondary firing pin mark found near the firing pin mark.
A. shaving mark B. shearing mark C. pivotal mark D. breechface mark
40. It is the distance the riflings need to spiral down the barrel for it to complete a single revolution.
A. lands and grooves B. pitch of riflings C. bore length D. rate of twist
41. These marks are found on the cylindrical surface of the bullet which appears as the depressed part of it caused
by the riflings inside the gun barrel.
A. lands mark B. grooves mark C. slippage mark D. skid marks
42. It is the method of viewing fired bullet and shell in the bullet comparison microscope where the specimens are
merge into a one specimen. This is usually done in a positive identification.
A. juxtaposition B. parallel C. intermarriage D. either of these
43. The following is NOT a method of forming rifling in a barrel.
A. broach cut B. machine cut C. hammer forged D. electrochemical
44. The firearm examiner's job usually involves the inspection of submitted firearms functionality to determine if
__________ ___________ is possible.
A. trace evidence B. remote firing C. hammer discharge D. accidental discharge
45. Under RA 10591, it is a requirement prior to the registration of firearm.
A. Test Firing B. Proficiency Test C. LTOPF D. Drug Test
46. It refers to the lateral deviation of the trajectory from the vertical plane through the axis of the bore caused by the
rotation of the bullet.
A. drift B. gyroscopic motion C. magnus effect D. cushion
47. What is the witness or the written record of all individuals who have maintained unbroken control over the
evidence since its acquisition by investigating agency?
A. chain of custody B. chain of command C. unity of command D. either of these
48. It is the power of the bullet that put the victim out of the action instantly.
A. shocking power B. stopping power C. penetrating power D. tailwag effects
49. Under RA 10591, there class of firearm refer to self-loading pistols, rifles and carbines, submachine guns,
assault rifles and light machine guns not exceeding caliber 7.62MM which have fully automatic mode.
A. Class A Light Weapon B. Class D Weapons C. Class B Light Weapon D. Low Powered
50. He was credited for the invention of cartridge.
A. Horace Smith B. German Luger C. Gustavus Adolphus D. Richard Gatling
51. He recovered the fired bullet in the eye of his grandfather after almost 46 years and he found out that it was still
with traces of gunpowder and this would prove evidentiary value.
A. Charles Waite B. Calvin H. Goddard C. Hans Gross D. Alexandre Lacassagne
52. A type of crimp used in FMJ cartridges.
A. roll crimp B. taper crimp C. stab crimp D. neither of these
53. A kind of primer that when ignited draws moisture from the air that speeds the rusting of the gun barrel.
A. berdan primer B. corrosive primer C. non-corrosive primer D. boxer primer
2|Page
REVIEW QUESTIONS ON FORENSIC BALLISTICS
===============================================================================================
54. It is the bouncing off a bullet from its original trajectory.
A. aerodynamic motion B. ricochet C. gyroscopic motion D. yaw
55. It is a primer with two flash holes and the anvil is the integral part of a cartridge case.
A. berdan primer B. corrosive primer C. non-corrosive primer D. boxer primer
56. What is the piece of a small paper or a tin foil which is pressed over the priming mixture?
A. primer cap B. anvil C. disc D. priming mixture
57. It is the power of the bullet that resulted in the instantaneous death of the victim.
A. shocking power B. stopping power C. penetrating power D. tailwag effects
58. It is the forerunner of the .22 short cartridge.
A. Rim Fire Cartridge B. Tapered Cartridge C. Flobert Cap D. Maxim Bullet
59. It refers to firearms that can propel projectiles not more than one inch in diameter.
A. small arms B. smooth bore C. artillery D. rifled bore
60. It is the part of the firearm that initiates the path of the bullet.
A. muzzle end B. breech end C. frame D. barrel
61. It refers to the depth of entry on the target based on the power and velocity of the bullet
A. terminal energy B. terminal accuracy C. terminal penetration D. penetration
62. It is the depth of entry of the bullet in the target.
A. terminal energy B. terminal accuracy C. terminal penetration D. penetration
63. It is a branch of ballistics which study shotgun ammunition including its characteristics spread and trailing.
A. shot ballistics B. forensic ballistics C. wound ballistics D. either of these
64. He is the inventor of non-corrosive primer.
A. Karl Ziegler B. Hiram Berdan C. Edward Boxer D. Frederick Abel
65. This type of firearm is designed to be operated by two or more persons.
A. hand weapon B. crew serve C. shoulder weapon D. automatic
66. It is an energy generated at the muzzle point, whenever the cartridge explodes from a firearm.
A. aerodynamic drag B. striking energy C. muzzle blast D. muzzle energy
67. In Steyr Type riflings, what is the width of grooves?
A. Twice the width of lands B. Equal to the width of lands
C. Thrice the width of lands D. Less than the width of lands
68. Given two or more bullets, how to determine whether or not the bullets were fired from only one weapon?
A. Microscopic Comparison of all Submitted Evidence from each other
B. Group the same caliber and compare from each other to the microscope
C. Microscopic Comparison of a group of bullet found in the same place
D. Obtain test fired bullet and compare all the submitted evidence
69. This procedure is to obtain standard bullet and shell that will compare to the evidence.
A. test firing B. physical examination
C. chemical examination D. microscopic examination
70. In determining radial crack, stress lines must be:
A. right angle to the rear B. right angle to the front
C. parallel to the point of impact D. perpendicular to each other
71. Given two or more cartridge cases, to determine whether or not the cartridge cases were:
A. reload or not B. fired from one firearm or not
C. fired from pistol or not D. fired recently
72. Which of the following is NOT a principle of firearms identification?
A. refined toolmarks B. principle of constancy
C. principle of individuality D. neither of these
73. These marks are common to cartridge cases that have passed through the action of an auto loading or
repeating firearm.
A. striated action mark B. impressed action mark
C. shaving mark D. firing pin marks
74. Those are characteristics that are determinable even prior to the manufacture of firearms.
A. class characteristics B. individual characteristics
C. accidental characteristics D. seasonal characteristics
75. Firearms have unique characteristics on the ammunition due to:
A. manufacturing processes, use and abuse B. gas pressure within the barrel
C. rifling impressions D. breechface marks
76. Two class characteristics of firearms that relate to the bullets fired from them includes:
A. striations and impressed marks B. gunpowder and primer residues
C. model and barrel length D. caliber and rifling pattern
77. Conclusions reached in a bullet comparison will NOT include the following.
A. inconclusive identification B. positive identification
C. personal identification D. negative identification
78. If class characteristics between an ammunition component and a firearm are in agreement the next step in the
examination process would be to look for:
A. safety defects B. individual characteristics
C. microscopic residues D. radial fractures

3|Page
REVIEW QUESTIONS ON FORENSIC BALLISTICS
===============================================================================================
79. In a given bullet, what are the details to be determined by firearm examiner?
A. Caliber B. Type of Primer and Gunpowder Used
C. Position of the victim and the Suspect D. All of these
80. What is meant by MAC rule?
A. mutilate-alter-contaminate B. mutilate-add-concentrate
C. mutate-alter-contaminate D. mutate-add-concentrate
81. What is the part of fired shell where the prober cannot place their markings?
A. inside the shell B. body of the shell
C. near the open mouth D. in the primer assembly
82. What is the reason why the markings cannot be placed on the base of a cartridge case?
A. to preserve the riflings marks B. to preserve the value of evidence
C. to preserve the firing pin marks D. to obtain class characteristics
83. It is the most popular and traditional mode of removing gunpowder residues:
A. swabbing cotton moisture with 5% nitric acid B. spraying hands with sodium rhodizonate
C. washing hands with vinegar D. washing hands with both hands
84. What is the importance of trajectory in investigation of a shooting incidence?
A. to identify the caliber of firearm used B. to identify the position of firer and victim
C. to locate the shooter D. to determine the fatal gun
85. What force initiate the curve of the trajectory of the projectile towards the earth after the projectile leaves the
muzzle of the gun?
A. air resistance B. gyroscopic motion of the bullet
C. ability of shooter D. trademark and accuracy of firearm
86. Is the diameter of a bullet the same with as diameter of the barrel?
A. yes, because it passes in the barrel B. no, to have gyroscopic motion while in flight
C. yes, to have accuracy D. no, as long as the barrel is not worn out
87. A crime was committed with the use of a shotgun. All parts of the exploded shell have been recovered by the
prober. In order to identify the shell with the gun that fired, the crime laboratory should be given:
A. the cap B. the cap, the wads and the pellet
C. the cap and the wads D. the cap and the pellets
88. It is the oldest of the propellant and which when ignited will burn rapidly.
A. black powder B. smokeless powder
C. double-base propellant D. single-base propellant
89. Who invented the American Primer?
A. Hiram Maxim B. Edward Munier Boxer
C. Hiram Berdan D. Alexander John Forsyth
90. Gunpowder having nitrocellulose and nitroglycerine as its major ingredients.
A. black powder B. smokeless powder
C. double-base propellant D. single-base propellant
91. It is designed to provide positive headspacing and allow magazine feeding.
A. belted cartridge case B. rebated cartridge case
C. rimmed cartridge case D. rimless cartridge case
92. A cartridge case which the diameter of the base is very much bigger than the diameter of the body.
A. semi-rimmed cartridge case B. rebated cartridge case
C. rimmed cartridge case D. rimless cartridge case
93. This type of bullet that contains phosphorus and can be set on fire upon impact.
A. armor piercing bullets B. incendiary bullets
C. tracer bullets D. fragmented bullets
94. Which is NOT the effect of aerodynamic drag to the bullet?
A. reduces its speed B. reduces its pressure
C. reduces it range D. neither of these
95. Interior ballistics involves the following reaction, EXCEPT;
A. pressure developed B. recoil of the gun
C. ignition of the priming mixture D. muzzle blast
96. He was an expert in identifying firearm from the fired bullets.
A. Edmond Locard B. Albert Llewellyn Hall
C. Calvin H. Goddard D. Charles Waite
97. He invented the first bullet comparison microscope.
A. John H. Fisher B. Alfred Lee Loomis
C. Calvin H. Goddard D. James Reynolds
98. He credited for the application of gunpowder for the propelling of a missile in the early 1300s.
A. Berthold Schwartz B. Monsieur Le Faucheux
C. Roger Bacon D. Paul Vieille

4|Page
REVIEW QUESTIONS ON FORENSIC BALLISTICS
===============================================================================================
99. Given a bullet and firearm, how to determine whether or not the bullet was fired from the suspected firearm
submitted?
A. Obtain test fired bullet and compare to the submitted bullet
B. Describe the class characteristics of firearm
C. Comparative microscopic examination of test fired bullet and the submitted evidence
D. Corroborate the accounts of all witnesses and confession of suspect
100. Most positive bullet identifications are made on stations that are found where?
A. on the shoulder of land impressions
B. on the land impressions near the base of the bullet
C. near the nose and ogive of the bullet
D. on the groove impressions near the base of the bullet

Prepared by:

Philip B. Magtaan, RCr, MSCr, CSP


Lecturer

5|Page