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Title: ONE YEAR HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY on ovarian

tumors AT our TERTIARY CARE CENTER


Presenting author: P.Ravi teja naidu ,undergraduate,RIMS medical college,Kadapa.

Co-authors: Dr.C.V.Hareesh, Assistant professor, Department of Pathology,RIMS Kadapa.

Dr.S.K.H.Kalam, Tutor,Department of Pathology, RIMS Kadapa.

Dr.G.Shobha Rani , Associate professor, I/C HOD, Department of Pathology, RIMS Kadapa

Introduction: Ovary is one of the commonest sites of non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions, can present in
childhood to postmenopausal age groups and accounts for considerable part in hospitalization of women of
reproductive age group. Ovarian tumors have become important as they have gradually increased the
morbidity and mortality due to female genital cancers.

Aim: There is a wide variety in histopathologies of ovarian tumors which reflect its different cell of origin.
This study was aimed to analyze the frequency of ovarian lesions of different histological patterns along
with their distribution in different age groups.

Materials &Methods: A total of 838 gynecological cases were received at the Department of Pathology, RIMS
Kadapa during the period of July 2016 to July 2017.In this, 66 ovarian tumors were studied to find out the
frequency of different histological patterns of ovarian tumors. The specimens sent by gynecologists were
processed, stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin and studied. All relevant data including age, clinical
presentation were obtained. A retrospective study was conducted on all these cases. The clinical, gross,
and microscopic features were meticulously studied and analyzed.

Results: Out of 66, 50% of the cases were non-neoplastic and 32 cases were benign tumors. A malignant
case was observed and is diagnosed to be Dysgerminoma. The commonest histological patterns observed
in the study were surface epithelial tumors (37.7%) that include serous cystadenoma (15.1%) and mucinous
cystadenoma (22.6%) The commonest functional cyst was found to be Follicular cyst (21.2%) Mostly
affected age group is 30-39 as 50% of the tumors were from this group.

Conclusion: The histological type of the ovarian tumor correlates with the prognosis of the tumor. Ovarian
tumors are difficult to be categorized as non -neoplastic or neoplastic based on clinical, radiological or
surgical findings. Histopathological examination is needed to diagnose these tumors and to categorize them
for proper treatment.

Keywords: Dysgerminoma, serous cystadenoma, mucinouscystadenoma, neoplastic