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Part - 3 (Specifications)

Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

Section - 11

PAINTING AND DECORATING WORKS

11.1 SCOPE :

These specifications cover paint work to exposed concrete and rendered surfaces, all exposed
pipes, wood work, ferrous and non-ferrous surfaces in accordance with the Schedule of
Finishes, Drawings, Bills of Quantities and as directed in writing by the Engineer.

The term "Paint" as used herein includes emulsions, enamels, sealers and other coatings,
organic or inorganic, whether used as prime, intermediate or finish coats.

All painting works shall be applied by skilled workmen, experienced in this work.

11.2 MATERIALS :

11.2.1 Materials in General :

The materials to be used, shall be of the best quality and of approved types, obtained
from and approved manufacturer thoroughly mixed and ground.

Paint shall show easy brushing, good flowing, spreading and leveling properties.
These properties shall be demonstrated on test specimens at the request of the
Engineer. Coats that have any noticeable pull under a large brush and that show poor
spreading and flowing properties will not be acceptable.

Paint shall dry to a uniform smooth, flat or semi-gloss finish under ordinary
conditions of illumination and wearing. There shall be no laps, skips, highlighted
spot or brush marks and no evidence of cracking, chipping or flaking. Tinted paints
shall dry to a uniform colour.

Re-coating of a previous painted surface shall produce no lighting, softening or other


film irregularities.

Paint during and after application shall not be abnormally pungent, offensive or
disagreeable.

The colour of the paint shall match the approved sample.

11.2.2 Knotting :

Knotting shall be composed of dissolved shellac or other resin which remains


unaffected by the resinous materials in the wood or the following paint coating,
thereby preventing the resinous materials in the timber leaching into the paint film
and causing discolouration or defective drying and shall be in accordance with B.S.
1336 latest edition.

3/11/1
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.2 MATERIALS [Cont’d]

11.2.3 Mordant Solution :

Shall be composed of a solution usually slightly acidic in nature and containing


solvents, for applying to new smooth metallic surface to remove grease, organic
soaps and provide a physical key, and shall be obtained from an approved supplier.

11.2.4 Fillers :

Fillers shall be "Polyfilla", "Alabastine" or approved equal.

11.2.5 Stopping :

Stopping shall be hard stopping composed of white lead paste, gold size (oleo
resinous medium) and other fillers obtained from an approved supplier.

11.2.6 Putty Filler :

Putty filler Shall be composed of white lead and dry filler mixed with pure linseed
oil, the content of the white lead shall be not less than ten percent (10%) of the
mixture by volume and shall be obtained from an approved supplier.

11.2.7 Thinners :

Thinners shall be an approved turpentine or white spirit. Where the paints are
specified to be water thinned, fresh water shall be used.

11.2.8 Pigments :

Pigments shall be pure tint colours that will easily dissolve and mix with the various
coatings and shall conform to the requirements of the relevant BS suitable for the
type of paint to the approval of the Engineer.

11.2.9 Rust Inhibitor :

Shall be "Galvafroid" primer, manufactured by "Secomastic Ltd. Bracknell, Derks,


England" or Crown Chlorinated Rubber Zinc Rich Primer - Product Data Sheet No.
56, manufactured by the Walpamur Co. Ltd., Darwin Lancs" and/or approved
equivalent.

11.2.10 Primers :

Primers applied to surfaces of different materials shall be as follows :

a) Interior plastered surfaces :


Alkali resistant primer recommended by the manufacturer of the finishing
paint.

b) Ferrous surfaces :
Lead based or zinc Chromate and Calcium Plumbate as recommended by the
manufacturer.

3/11/2
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.2 MATERIALS [Cont’d]

11.2.10 Primers [Cont'd]

c) Non-Ferrous surfaces :
Mordant solution of an approved brand and rust inhibiting primer.

d) Woodwork surfaces :
Leadless gray primer in accordance with BS 5082:1986.

11.2.11 Penguard Paint System (Textured) :

Epoxy based paint shall comprise of four coats as under :

a) First Coat : One coat of primer such Penguard HB.

b) Base Coat : Textured paint which is Penguard Texo.

c) Top Coats : 2 coats of Futura-II.

The surface preparation, application rates and methods of application shall be strictly
in accordance with the written instructions of the manufacturer.

The colour and texture shall be as directed / approved by the Engineer.

11.2.12 Undercoating Paints :

For exterior or interior shall be as follows :

a) White lead based undercoating in accordance with B.S. 4310: Colours shall be
similar to the finishing paint

b) Other undercoating paints to be applied as recommended by the manufacturers


of the finishing paint.

11.2.13 Finishing Paints :

a) Interior rendered surfaces emulsion :


Alkali resistant primers + minimum two coats white lead based undercoat
paints + minimum 3 coats of approved silk vinyl resin based, washable paint,
matt finish.

b) Interior rendered surfaces & soffits of basement walls, ceilings and ramps :
One coat of Penguard HB + 1 coat of Penguard-Texo + 2 top coats of Futura-
II as per detailed specification enclosed.

c) Interior concrete surfaces such as 2 basements :


Walls and ceilings same as item 11.2.13(b).

3/11/3
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.2 MATERIALS [Cont’d]

11.2.13 Finishing Paints [Cont'd]

d) Exterior plastered surfaces including all elevations, balconies, etc. shall have
profile décor textured paint as follows :
One coat of texprimer and profile décor texture with 2 top coats of Futura-II.

e) Interior or exterior ferrous :


Chlorinated rubber paint in interior or exterior surfaces grade.

f) Woodwork surface (Ashwood) :


Three coats of polyurethane polish.

g) MDF Surfaces :
PVC lamination.

11.3 WORKMANSHIP :

11.3.1 General :

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for approval the brand and quality of the
paints he proposes to use.

If approval is given to a brand of paint the Contractor shall use the primers,
undercoats etc., manufactured or recommended by the manufacturers of that brand.
All painting must be applied through a Paint Sub-contractor approved by M/s. Jotun
Paints. The painting application must be under strict supervision of M/s. Jotun
Paints.

All paints to be used under this Contract shall be delivered and stored on the Site in
sealed, labeled containers, a minimum of 30 days prior to application. Upon
notification by the Contractor that the material is at the site, samples of each material
shall be obtained at random from sealed container by the Engineer in the presence of
an authorized representative of the Contractor. Samples shall be clearly identified by
commercial name, type of paint and intended use. If judged necessary by the
Engineer the paint samples may be tested in a laboratory designated by the Engineer
at the Contractor's expense.

Complete clolour charts for the paints to be used shall be submitted to the Engineer
for approval.

Pigmented paints shall be furnished in containers not larger than 25 kgs. All paints
shall be products that have a min. of 2 years satisfactory field service.

Mixing and application of paint shall be in accordance with the specifications of the
manufacturers concerned and to the approval of the Engineer.

3/11/4
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.3 WORKMANSHIP [Cont'd]

11.3.1 General [Cont'd]

The mixing of paints etc. of different brands before or during application will not be
permitted. No dilution of painting materials shall be allowed except strictly as
detailed by the manufacturers and as approved by the Engineer.

Ironmongery and accessories, machine surfaces, plates, lighting fixtures and similar
items in place prior to cleaning and painting, which are not intended to be painted,
shall be removed or protected prior to painting operations and repositioned upon
completion of painting work as directed by the Engineer.

Equipment adjacent or against walls shall be disconnected by workmen skilled in


these trades and moved to permit the wall surfaces to be painted, and following
completion of painting shall be replaced and reconnected.

Cleaning solvents shall be of low toxicity. Cleaning and painting shall be so


programmed that dust and other contaminates from the cleaning process will not fall
on wet or newly painted surfaces.

Brushes, pails, kettles, etc. used in carrying out the work shall be clean and free from
foreign matter. They shall be thoroughly cleaned before being used for different
types or classes of material.

No exterior or exposed painting shall be carried out under adverse weather


conditions such as rain, extreme humidity, dust storms, etc.

Painting work shall be shaded from direct sun light to avoid blistering and wrinkling.
Wherever possible, painting of exterior surfaces shall follow the sun so that it is
carried out in shadow.

Edges, corners, crevices, welds and rivets shall receive special attention to insure
that they receive an adequate thickness of paint.

All cracks and holes shall be cut out properly square and made good with suitable
filler or cement sand mix as appropriate, such repaired portions being allowed to dry
out and sand-papered smooth.

Painting work shall comply with BS 6150:1982.

11.3.2 Emulsion or Enamel Paint :

Rendered surfaces shall be allowed to dry out completely before carrying out
painting operation. Plaster applied in the winter season shall be at least ten weeks old
and that applied in the summer shall be at least five weeks old before commencing
painting operations.

Preparation of surfaces shall consist of vigorous brushing and rubbing down to


remove loose surface material and dust.

Surfaces shall then be left for a week to determine whether efflorescence reappears
in which case it shall be brushed off dry and a further waiting period of one week
allowed.

3/11/5
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.3 WORKMANSHIP [Cont'd]

11.3.2 Emulsion or Enamel Paint [Cont'd]

Alternatively, the surfaces may be neutralized by brushing on a solution of 3 percent


phosphoric acid and 2 percent zinc chloride and removing all loose particles after
drying. No painting shall be carried out until the Engineer is satisfied that no
efflorescence is occurring.

Where required by the Engineer one or two coats of "alkali-resistant" primer shall be
applied, sufficiently thinned to penetrate the surface.

All rendered and concrete surfaces shall be twice stopped with approved putty filler.
The first coat of stopping shall be applied after the primer coat dries out completely
and the second coat after the first undercoat application. Each coat of stopping shall
be allowed to dry and harden thoroughly and shall then be rubbed by sandpaper until
a smooth surface is achieved.

A minimum of two ( 2 ) approved undercoats recommended by the manufacturers of


finishing coat shall be applied by brushing well into the surface. Each coat shall be
allowed to dry and harden thoroughly before the next coat is applied.

The finishing coat of paint shall be applied after the completion and testing of the
mechanical and electrical works.

11.3.3 Ferrous Surfaces :

Surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned to remove grease and dirt, wire brushed and
scraped to remove scale and rust. One coat of approved putty shall be applied on the
surfaces and left to dry for at least twenty four ( 24 ) hours. Surfaces shall then be
rubbed by sandpaper or other approved means before primer is applied.

One coat of rust inhibiting "Galvafroid" primer or other approved equal shall be
applied by brushing well into the surface and shall be allowed to dry and harden
thoroughly before the application of subsequent coats.

If ferrous works are delivered primed, the surfaces shall be examined to ascertain
that the primer coat is hard. If not satisfactory the primer coat shall be removed and
the surfaces cleaned to remove grease and dirt and reprimed as described above.
Abraded spots on shop-coated surfaces shall be wire-brushed and touched up with
same material as the shop-coat.

The under-coat and finishing coat shall be chlorinated rubber paint, interior or
exterior grades and used all in accordance with the directions of the approved
manufacturer.

Chlorinated rubber paint, interior or exterior grades, shall not be applied in damp,
foggy or freezing weather or to any surface which is not perfectly dry.

Brush application is recommended although this material may be sprayed if desired,


only special thinners produced by the approved manufacturer may be added to
achieve the spraying consistency required.

3/11/6
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.3 WORKMANSHIP [Cont'd]

11.3.3 Ferrous Surfaces :

Special approved thinners may be used for cleaning brushes after use.

Ferrous works such as frames, covers to expansion joints, etc.. which are to be built
into walls shall be primed before installation.

Painting of Ferrous surfaces shall comply with BS 5493:1977.

11.3.4 Non-Ferrous Surfaces :

Galvanized steel and non-ferrous metal surfaces to be painted shall be solvent


cleaned or painted with mordant solution before the application of paints as
described above for ferrous surfaces.

11.3.5 Wood Surfaces :

Wood surfaces where specified to be polished shall be polished smoothly, primed


and coated twice and final coated with high-gloss polyurethane polish of approved
manufacture

Wood surfaces shall be rubbed with abrasive paper to obtain a smooth surface.
Surface mould where present shall be removed by washing, rubbing down and
burning off as necessary. Oily wood shall be swabbed with white spirit. Resinous
exudation and large knots shall be removed and replaced by approved filler or knot
sealer and the surface shall be primed.

Parts of wood to be enclosed in walls shall be primed unless already impregnated


with creosote or other preservative. Priming shall be brushed on and a minimum of
two coats applied to end grain. After the primer coat is hard, all cracks, holes, open
joints etc.. shall be made good with hard stopping and rubbed with fine abrasive
paper. If the first process of stopping is found to be unsatisfactory it shall be repeated
after the first undercoating is applied and well dried.

Priming of joinery shall be applied only on the Site after the Engineer has approved
such joinery and before it is fixed. The two undercoat paints shall be applied on
wood doors, panels, etc. before they are fixed, to ensure that the bottom and top edge
and sides are thoroughly painted. The finishing coat of paint to such wood doors,
panels, etc. shall be applied after fixing in position and as directed by the Engineer.

11.4 SUBMISSIONS :

11.4.1 Upon the written request of the Contractor the Engineer will furnish a schedule of
colours for each area and surfaces. All colours shall be mixed in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions.

11.4.2 Colour of each coat shall be darker than the coat underneath. The Engineer shall
have unlimited choice of colours without extra cost.

3/11/7
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.4 SUBMISSIONS [Cont'd]

11.4.3 Samples of all colour finishes shall be prepared in advance of requirements so as not
to delay work and shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval before any
painting work is commenced. Any work done without such approval shall be
repeated to the Engineer’s satisfaction, at the Painting Subcontractor’s expense.
Samples for preliminary approval of colour shall be on separate 20cm x 30cm x
3mm tempered hardboard panels. Samples for final approval of colour shall be on
separate 45cm x 60cm panels of the material to be painted.

11.4.4 In an area of the building selected by the Engineer apply a suitable paint system to
demonstrate techniques, materials and workmanship. Area shall include door,
doorframe, wall, ceiling, electrical switch, electrical outlet and light fixture.
Complete the area as many times as necessary to gain the Engineer’s approval. All
subsequent work shall conform to this sample.

11.5 MANUFACTURER’S DATA :

Submit 3 copies (plus two originals) of manufacturer’s specifications, including paint label
analysis and application instructions for each recommended material.

11.6 SCAFFOLDING :

All scaffolds, staging and rigging required work shall comply with all applicable laws and
codes, as further specified in the Contract Documents.

11.7 PROTECTION :

11.7.1 Furnish and lay suitable plastic sheets and canvas cloths, in all areas where painting
is executed, to protect floors and all other surfaces from damage during the work.

11.7.2 Ironmongery applied to doors, cabinets, etc., accessories, plates, lighting fixtures and
other finished items at areas to be painted shall be removed prior to painting and
replaced after paint is dry. The workmen removing and replacing ironmongery,
plates, fixtures, etc., shall be experienced and skilled in such work.

11.7.3 At completion of work in each area, remove all paints spots, spatter and oil and other
stains from all surfaces, leaving no evidence of such accidents or of work less than
first class quality. Surfaces which suffer irreparable damage shall be replaced by the
Contractor without any extra cost.

11.7.4 Regardless of what is mentioned in any other sections of this contract, the Contractor
shall have the sole responsibility for the protection of finished surfaces, equipment,
fitting etc. from any damage or staining by paint works of the adjacent surfaces.

3/11/8
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.8 DELIVERY AND STORAGE :

11.8.1 Deliver all materials to the job site in original, new unopened packages and
containers bearing manufacturer’s name and label.

11.8.2 Provide labels on each container with the following information : Name or title of
material; manufacturer’s stock number; manufacturer’s name; contents by volume
for major pigment and vehicle constituents; thinning instructions; and application
instructions.

11.8.3 All materials shall be stored in designated spaces in a manner which meets the
requirements of applicable codes and fire regulations. When not in use, such spaces
shall be kept locked and inaccessible to those not employed to do work of this
Section. Each space shall be provided with a fire extinguisher of carbon dioxide or
Dry Chemical Type bearing a tag of recent inspection. The size of each space may
be restricted by the local fire authority.

11.8.4 All cloths and waste which might constitute a fire hazard shall be placed in closed
metal containers or destroyed at the end of each day.

11.8.5 All materials shall be brought to the building and stored in the mixing room in
manufacturer’s original sealed containers, bearing the manufacturer’s standard label
indicating type, batch number and colour. Materials shall be delivered in sufficient
quantities in advance of the time needed in order that work will not be delayed in
any way.

11.8.6 No claim by the painter concerning the unsuitability of nay material specified or his
ability to produce first class work with same will be entertained.

11.8.7 Before application, painter’s materials in containers shall be thoroughly stirred,


unless otherwise directed by the manufacturer of the paint used, to ensure uniformity
of colour and mass, and all paint skins or other materials which would cause lumps
or roughness shall be strained out. Materials shall be applied without the addition of
any ingredients and without reducing or thinning except as recommended by the
manufacturer, subject to the approval of the Engineer.

11.9 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS :

11.9.1 Do not apply water-base paints when the temperature of surfaces to be painted and
the surrounding air temperatures are below 10°C (deg. F), unless otherwise
permitted by the paint manufacturer’s printed instructions.

11.9.2 Do not apply solvent-thinned paints when the temperature of surfaces to be painted
and surrounding air temperatures are below 7°C (45°F), unless otherwise permitted
by the paint manufacturer’s printed instructions.

3/11/9
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.9 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS [Cont'd]

11.9.3 Do not apply paint in rain, fog or mist; or when the relative humidity exceeds 85
percent, or to damp or wet surfaces; unless otherwise permitted by the paint
manufacturer’s printed instructions. Painting may be continued during inclement
weather only if the areas and surfaces to be painted are enclosed and maintained
within the temperature limits specified by the paint manufacturer during application
and drying periods.

11.9.4 Do not apply final coats external paints until Engineer is satisfied with weather
conditions.

11.10 COMPATIBILITY OF SHOP AND FIELD PAINTS :

11.10.1 It is essential that paints applied in the shop and in the field shall be compatible.
Shop Drawings for fabricated items will indicate manufacturer and type of shop coat
applied. Failure of the top coat due to incompatibility with shop coat or previous
coats will be cause for rejection of the whole paint application.

11.10.2 The painting sub-contractor shall determine that the materials specified in the
Painting Schedule are compatible with shop coats to which these materials are to be
applied, and he shall bring to the Engineer’s attention any conditions which may
require a change in the Specification before proceeding with his work. Failure to do
so shall be construed as acceptance of the paints specified and the Painting Sub-
contractor shall correct at his own expense any defects in his work resulting from the
use of such material.

11.11 MATERIAL QUALITY :

11.11.1 Provide the best quality grade of the various types of coatings regularly
manufactured by approved paint materials manufacturers. Materials not displaying
the manufacturer’s identification as a standard, best-grade product will not be
acceptable.

11.11.2 Provide undercoat paint by the same manufacturer as the finishing coats. Use only
thinners approved by the paint manufacturer, and use only within recommended
limits.

11.11.3 Provide paints of durable and washable quality. Do not provide paint materials
which will not withstand normal washing as required to remove pencil marks, ink,
ordinary soiling etc., without showing discolouration, loss of gloss, staining or other
damage.

11.12 COLOURS OF FINISHES :

11.12.1 Prior to commencing work, the Engineer shall select colours from the
manufacturer’s colour samples furnished by the Contractor for surfaces to be
painted. Match the colours of the samples and submit as specified herein, before
proceeding with the work. Final approval of colours shall be from samples applied
on the actual building elements.

3/11/10
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.12 COLOURS OF FINISHES [Cont'd]

11.12.2 Proprietary names used to designate colours or materials are not intended to imply
that products of manufacturers are required to the exclusion of equivalent products
of other manufacturers.

11.12.3 Paint Coordination : Provide finishing coats which are compatible with priming
paints used. Review other sections of these specifications in which prime paints are
to be provided to ensure compatibility of total coatings system for various
substances.

11.12.4 Upon request from other trades, furnish information or characteristics of specified
finish materials, to ensure that compatible priming coats are used. Provide barrier
coats over incomplete primers or remove and re-prime as requested. Notify the
Engineer in writing of any anticipated problems using specified coating systems with
substrates by others.

11.13 PRODUCTS :

11.13.1 Paints shall be factory manufactured and delivered to the job in unbroken containers
(for site applied work) which shall show the designated name, formula, colour, batch
number, manufacturer’s directions, and name of manufacturer, all of which shall be
plainly legible at the time of use. Pigmented paints shall be furnished in containers
not larger than 20 litres.

11.13.2 Manufacturers shall be internationally recognized companies which have been


regularly engaged in large scale production of premium paints of the types specified
for at least ten years. All paints shall be premium quality, first line products that
have had a minimum of four years satisfactory field service in hot, humid, dusty,
sunny climates. Laboratory tests simulating field conditions will not be accepted in
lieu of actual field results. Each paint shall be suitable for the surface to which it is
applied. Job-mixed paints will not be permitted. All paints shall contain a
mildewcide.

11.13.3 Paint Condition in Containers : The product shall be thoroughly mixed and ground.
It shall not be settled, caked or thickened to such a degree that it cannot be mixed
easily with a paddle by stirring to a good uniform brushing consistency.

11.13.4 Colour and Gloss : The Engineer shall have unlimited choice of colours. The sheen
(gloss, semi gloss, stain etc.) given in the Painting Schedule shall be only a guide;
sheen shall be directed by the Engineer. The colour of paint shall match the
approved samples. Paint shall dry to a uniform, smooth gloss under ordinary
conditions of illumination. Tinted paints shall dry to a uniform, colour.

11.13.5 Flexibility : Paints shall show no evidence of cracking, chipping or flaking.

11.13.6 Skinning : Paint in its field and closed container shall not skin (form a thin
membrane surface at the top of the liquid) within 48 hours after opening.

3/11/11
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.13 PRODUCTS [Cont'd]

11.13.7 Pigments : Shall be pure, not-fading mildew-proof, sun-proof, finely ground in


approved medium. Colours used on concrete, masonry, plaster and wallboard
surfaces shall be lime-proof. All materials shall be subject to the Engineer’s
approval.

11.13.8 Odour : Paint shall not be particularly pungent, offensive or disagreeable.

11.13.9 Working Consistency : Paints shall allow for easy brushing, good flowing and
spreading and good levelling properties. These properties shall be demonstrated on
test specimens if requested by the Engineer. Coats that have any noticeable pull
under a large brush and that show poor or fair spreading and flowing properties will
not be acceptable.

11.13.10 Self-lifting Properties : Re-coating of a previously painted surface shall produce no


lighting, softening or other film irregularities.

11.13.11 Drying Time : Shall be less than 48 hours under normal conditions but not of such
short duration that the paint cannot be properly worked.

11.14 TESTING :

11.14.1 Paint is fulfilling all requirements in accordance to following tests :

Impact Test : Minimum 8 mm Acc. (SIS 184177)


Bending Test : 2 T (ECCA T 7)
Chock Test : 120 Inchp (ECCA T 5)
Salt Test : 1000 hours (SIS 184190, ECCA T 8)
Result : Attack of blister and loss of adhesion max. 3mm
from scoreline.
Humidity Test (Tropic Test) : 200 H Acc. to Becker 23-A-1
Result : No blister, loss of adhesion or change of colour
measured.
Weather 0 - Meter Test : 1500 H Acc. (ASTM E 42 - 65 Type D)
Result : Reduction of gloss max. 50 0/0 change of colour
max. 8 NBS, chocking not lower than 6 Acc. (SIS
194197)

11.14.2 This paint type is not acceptable for painting the glazed aluminium works or any
other painted metal surface, which is accessible to users of buildings. Refer to other
specialized sections of this specification for these special paints.

3/11/12
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.15 INSPECTION :

11.15.1 The special approved Sub-contractor shall examine the areas and conditions under
which painting work is to be applied and correct any unsatisfactory conditions which
are detrimental to the proper and timely completion of the work. Do not proceed
with the work until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected in a manner
acceptable to the Engineer.

11.15.2 The starting of work under this Section will be construed as acceptance of surfaces
to be painted as being satisfactory, and any defects in work resulting from such
accepted surfaces shall be corrected by the Painting Sub-contractor at his own
expense.

11.16 PREPARATION OF SURFACES :

11.16.1 All spaces shall be broom-clean and all surfaces dry before painting is started. All
dust, dirt plaster spatter, grease, and other extraneous matter affecting the finish work
shall be removed. Foreign matter left by other trades shall be removed by the
respective.

11.16.2 All nail holes and cracks on both exterior and interior wood shall be carefully putty-
stopped or plugged, as required. Natural or stained wood finishes shall have putty
coloured to match. Puttying shall be done after prime coat or sealer coat has been
applied.

11.17 SITE APPLICATION :

11.17.1 General : Finished surfaces shall be free from runs, drops, ridges, waves, laps and
unnecessary brush marks. All coats shall be applied in such a manner as to produce
an even film or uniform thickness. Edges, corner, crevices, welds and rivets shall
receive special attention to ensure that they receive adequate thickness of paint. All
painting shall be done by thoroughly experienced workmen, using first class
equipment.

11.17.2 Time between Surface Preparation and Painting : Surfaces which have been prepared
for painting shall be painted with one coat of priming paint as soon as practicable
after such preparation has been completed, but in any other event prior to any
deterioration of the prepared surface.

11.17.3 Atmospheric Conditions : Paints shall be applied only to surfaces which are
completely free of moisture and only under such combination of humidity and
temperatures of the ambient atmosphere and surface to be painted as will cause
evaporation and not condensation. Except as otherwise recommended by paint
manufacturer, the temperature, the temperature of the surfaces to be painted and of
atmosphere in contact herewith shall be at or above 5°C. Cleaning and painting shall
be so programmed that dust and other contaminants will not fall on newly painted
surfaces. No varnish, lacquer or enamel finish shall be applied where ambient
temperature is below 18°C.

11.17.4 Plaster shall be a minimum of thirty ( 30 ) days old or have an instrument measured
moisture content not to exceed 8% before it may be painted.

3/11/13
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.17 SITE APPLICATION [Cont'd]

11.17.5 Apply paint by brush, roller or spray in accordance with the manufacturer’s
directions. Use brushes best suited for the type of material being applied. Use
rollers of carpet, velvet back, or high pile sheep’s wool as recommended by the paint
manufacturer for material and texture required. Spray paint uniformly with suitable
equipment.

11.17.6 Apply additional coats when undercoats, stains or other conditions show through the
final coat of paint, until the paint film is of uniform finish, colour and appearance.

11.17.7 Paint surfaces behind movable equipment and furniture the same as similar exposed
surfaces. Paint surfaces behind permanently fixed equipment or furniture with
priming coat only.

11.17.8 Paint interior surfaces of ducts, where visible through registers or grills, with a flat,
non-specular black paint.

11.17.9 Paint the backsides of access panels and removable or hinged covers to match the
exposed surfaces.

11.17.10 Finish exterior doors on top, bottom and side edges the same as the exterior faces,
unless otherwise indicated.

11.17.11 Sand lightly between each succeeding enamel or varnish coat.

11.17.12 Omit the first coat (primer) on metal surfaces which have been shop-primed and
touch-up painted, unless otherwise specified.

11.18 MINIMUM COATING THICKNESS OF SITE-APPLIED PAINT WORKS :

11.18.1 Apply each material at not less than manufacturer’s recommended spreading rate, to
provide a total dry film thickness of not less than 0.13mm (5.0 mils) for the entire
coating system of priming and finishing coats for 3-coats work.

11.18.2 Provide a total dry film thickness of not less than 0.09 mm (3.5 mils) for the entire
coating system of priming and finishing coat for 2-coat work.

11.18.3 Priming Coats : Apply a prime coat to material which is required to be painted or
finished, and which has not been prime-coated by others.

11.18.4 Re-coat primed and sealed walls and ceilings, where there is evidence of suction
spots or unsealed areas in first coat, to assure a finish coat with no brush-through or
other defects due to insufficient sealing.

11.18.5 Completed Work : Match approved samples for colour, texture and coverage.
Remove, refinish or repaint work not in compliance with specified requirements.

11.18.6 Vinyl Wash Pre-treatment : Shall be spray-applied to a very thin coat not greater than
0.10mm thick, and shall be top coated within 8 hours of application. Use vinyl wash
to obtain to zinc, galvanizing and zinc-rich paint.

3/11/14
Part - 3 (Specifications)
Section -11
Painting & Decorating Works

11.19 TOUCH-UP PAINTING :

11.19.1 Paint unfinished surfaces and edges of fixture, equipment and other material where it
presents an unfinished appearance.

11.19.2 Touch-up finished coats of factory-finished items that become damaged before
completion of the building. Sand damaged area smooth and apply primer before
applying finish coat. Where spit touch up cannot be done neatly and with smooth
blending with other finished material, paint entire surface.

11.20 CLEAN-UP AND PROTECTION :

11.20.1 Clean-up : During the progress of the work, remove from the project daily all
discarded paint material, rubbish, cans and rags.

11.20.2 Upon completion of painting work, clean all window glass and other paint-spattered
surfaces. Remove spattered paint by proper methods of washing and scraping, using
care not to scratch or otherwise damage finished surfaces.

11.20.3 Protection : Protect work of other trades, whether to be painted or not, against
damage by painting and finishing work. Correct any damage by cleaning, repairing
or replacing and repainting as directed by the Engineer.

11.20.4 Provide “Wet Paint” signs as required to protect newly painted finishes. Remove
temporary protective wrapping provided by others for protection of their work, after
completion of painting operations.

11.21 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL :

The right is reserved to invoke the following material testing procedure at any time and any
number of times during the period of field painting :

a) Direct the approved testing laboratory to sample and test any of the paint being used.
Samples of materials delivered to the project site will be taken, identified and sealed,
and certified in the presence of the Contractor.

b) The testing laboratory will perform appropriate tests for any or all of the characteristics,
i.e., abrasion resistance, apparent reflective, flexibility, washability, absorption,
accelerated weathering, dry opacity, accelerated yellowness, re-coating, skinning, colour
retention, alkali resistance and quantitative materials analysis.

c) If the test results show that the paint being used does not comply with the requirements
of the paint specified, the Contractor may be directed to stop the painting work and
remove non-complying paint; pay for testing, repaint surfaces painted with the rejected
paint, remove rejected paint from previously paint surfaces if upon repainting with the
specified paint, the two paints are non-compatible.

3/11/15