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Problemario de Termodinamica

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Facultad de Química

Licenciatura en Química Farmacéutica Biológica

Termodinámica

Primera Ley y Procesos Adiabáticos

Problemario

Profr. Octavio Cruz Vásquez

Instrucciones: imprime esta hoja, pégala en tu cuaderno y contesta en orden, clara y

detalladamente cada uno de los siguientes problemas.

1. A certain quantity of an ideal gas is contained in a 2.0 L cylinder with a frictionless piston

under a pressure of 10.0 atm and at a temperature of 300 K. Calculate the work done if

the gas is allowed to expand isothermally:

a) under a constant pressure of 2.0 atm until the the pressure becomes 2.0 atm.

b) reversibly until the final pressure becomes 2.0 atm. (-1.6 kJ, -3,2 kJ)

#$%&

2. Show that 𝑤 = '() for the adiabatic reversible expansion of an ideal gas.

3. An ideal gas, initially at 400 K and 4.00 atm, is allowed to expand reversibly and

adiabatically until the temperature has dropped to 300 K. What is the final pressure?

(𝐶+,- = ./𝑅). (1.46 atm)

4. Calculate the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1.00 mol of H2 from

300 K to 1200 K at constant pressure. Don´t assume that the heat capacity is constante

over the temperature range. (26.7 kJ)

5. A certain gas is found to obey the equation of state (𝑃 + 𝑛𝐴)𝑉 = 𝑛𝑅𝑇. Derive an

expression for the work done in an isothermal reversible expansion of this gas.

6. If 5.00 mol of an ideal gas is heated at constant pressure from 300 K to 500 K, how much

work is done by the expansion of the gas? (-8.31 kJ)

:

7. For a certain ideal gas, 𝐶+,- = ; 𝑅. If 1.00 mol of this gas undergoes an adiabatic reversible

expansion from 22.4 L to a volume of 40.0 L, what is the final temperature? (185 K)

8. An ideal gas, iniatially at 400 K and 4.00 atm, is allowed to expand reversibly and

adiabatically until the temperature has dropped to 300 K. What is the final pressure?

<

(𝐶+,- = ; 𝑅). (1.46 atm)

9. Change the conditions of the previous problem to an irreversible expansion against a

constant pressure of 1.46 atm. What would be the final temperature? (327 K)

10. Calculate the heat required to raise the temperature of 200 g of SO3 from 300 K to 500 K.

Assume both, no dissociation and 𝐶=,- is not constant over the temperature range. (6.95

kcal)

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