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EXPONENTS AND SURDS

2
2𝑥 −5 𝑦 3
1. Diketahui 𝑥 ≠ 0 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑦 ≠ 0, bentuk sederhana (8𝑥 3 𝑦−2 ) adalah ....
𝑦 10
A. 4𝑥 16

𝑦2
B. 4𝑥 4

𝑦 10
C. 16𝑥 16

𝑦2
D. 16𝑥 4

16𝑦 10
E.
𝑥 16

2. Bentuk sederhana √75 + 2√3 − √12 + √27 adalah ....


A. 2√3
B. 5√3
C. 8√3
D. 12√3
E. 34√3
3 1 1 1 1 1 1
𝑝
3. If 𝑝 = (𝑥 2 + 𝑥 2 ) (𝑥 3 − 𝑥 −3 ) and 𝑞 = (𝑥 2 + 𝑥 −2 ) (𝑥 − 𝑥 3 ) , then 𝑞 = ⋯
3
A. √𝑥
3
B. √𝑥 2
C. 𝑥
3
D. 𝑥 √𝑥
3
E. 𝑥 √𝑥 2

5 1 2 3
(𝑎 3 𝑏2 −𝑎3 𝑏2 )
4. Radical form 7 1 2 =⋯
(𝑎 6 𝑏2 −𝑎3 𝑏)

A. √𝑎 − √𝑏
B. √𝑎 + √𝑏
√𝑎+ √𝑏
C.
√𝑎− √𝑏
√𝑎− √𝑏
D.
𝑎− 𝑏
√𝑎− √𝑏
E. 𝑎+ 𝑏

(𝑎+𝑏)−1 (𝑎 −2 −𝑏−2 )
5. Simplest form =⋯
(𝑎 −1 +𝑏−1 )(𝑎𝑏−1 −𝑎 −1 𝑏)
−1
A. (𝑎+𝑏)2
B. (𝑎 + 𝑏)2
−𝑎𝑏
C. (𝑎+𝑏)2
𝑎𝑏
D. (𝑎+𝑏)
E. ab
1
6. If α and β are solution for exponent equation 2𝑥+1 − 3. 22𝑥 + 1 = 0, then αβ = ....
A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

7. . If 𝑥1 and 𝑥2 are solution for exponent equation 3.9𝑥 + 91−𝑥 = 28, then 𝑥1 + 𝑥2 = ....
1
A. − 2
B. 0
1
C. 2
D. 1
1
E. 1 2

2
9𝑥
8. If 𝑥 satisfies the exponent equation 9𝑥 + 8. (3𝑥−1 ) = 1, then 3𝑥
= ....
1
A. 27
1
B. 9
C. 9
D. 27
E. 81

8𝑥
9. If 2𝑦
= 32, and 4𝑥 . 2𝑦 = 322 then 𝑥 + 𝑦 = ⋯
A. 1
B. 5
C. 6
D. 7
E. 8

√10−√5
10. If 𝑎 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑏 are integers satisfies = 𝑎 + 𝑏√2, then 𝑎 + 𝑏 = ⋯
√10+√5
A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 5

(𝑥 −2 − 𝑦 −2 )
11. In positive form =⋯
(𝑥𝑦)−2
A. (𝑥 + 𝑦)(𝑥 − 𝑦)
B. −(𝑥 + 𝑦)(𝑥 − 𝑦)
C. (𝑥 − 𝑦)2
D. 𝑥(𝑥 − 𝑦)
E. −𝑥(𝑥 − 𝑦)
3
√4 5−𝑥 1
12. The value of 𝑥 which satisfies equation 8
= 22𝑥+1
is ....
A. −4
B. −1
1
C. − 2
1
D. 4
E. 2

13. If n satisfies
250.25 × 250.25 × 250.25 × … .× 250.25 = 125

n factors
Then (n – 3)(n + 2) = ....
A. −6
B. −4
C. 0
D. 12
E. 24

14. If 𝑎 and 𝑏 are positive integers which satisfies 𝑎𝑏 = 220 − 219 , then the value of 𝑎 + 𝑏 is ....
A. 3
B. 7
C. 19
D. 21
E. 23

15. If 27𝑚 = 8 , then 3. 9𝑚 − 3𝑚+1 = ⋯


A. 6
B. 8
C. 10
D. 12
E. 14